Unit 4 知识点、短语、句子 一、知识点
1、①give sb sth=give sth to sb ②buy sb sth=buy sth for sb 2、hundred 、thousand、mi11ion 与数字连用不能用复数。 hundreds of、thousands of、mi11ions of 中必须用复数。 3、look for 寻找 find 找到
、发现 find out 指经过观察、探索、调查等弄清楚、弄明 白。 discover 指发现那些客观存在而不为人所知的实情。如科学上的重大发现。 4、bring 带来 take 带走 fetch 去并拿 5、talk to/with sb 同××说话。tell 告诉, 分辨，辨别。speak to sb 同××说话， 做及物动词，后跟 语言。 6、What if ?? 如果??将会怎么样？（引导条件状语从句、疑问句） eg What if she doesn’t come? 她要是不来怎么办？ 8、food 表示食品种类，一种食物时，为可数名词 eg fried foods 油炸食品 break foods 早餐食品 frozen foods 冷冻食品 10、confident(adj.) confidence(n.) have a speech 听演讲 give a report 做报告
12、 give a speech 做演讲 have a report 听报告
13、permission (n.) 允许，许可
permit (v.) 允许
14、plenty of 充足的，相当多的。修饰可数或不可数名词，只能用于肯定句。否定、疑问 句中用 enough. 17、get along (with)=get on (with) ①进行，进展 eg The business is getting along very well. 生意进展的很顺利。 ②相处 eg Do you get along with your boss?= Do you and your boss get along? 你跟老板 合得来吗？
18、would rather ? than ? （= would ? rather than）宁愿，而不愿。 前后连接两个动词原形，否定形式为：would rather not do sth ①would rather ? than ? = prefer ? to ? 但 prefer ? to ? 若连接两个动词，动词应为 v-ing 形式。 eg He would rather jog than play football.=He prefers jogging to playing football. ②would rather 常单独使用，表示“宁愿做?” eg He would rather watch TV at home. ③rather than = instead of 而不是 连接两个并列成分，前后对称。 20、a little = a bit 修饰形容词、副词 a little = a bit of 修饰不可数名词
21、There is an English speech contest next month 用一般现在时表示将来，表示计划或安排好的动作，或者日历、时刻表的规定内容。 22、the rest 其余的，可指代可数或不可数名词。 The other(s) 只能指代可数名词
23、come up with 提出或提出（答案、方法）等。类似于 think of. eg How would you come up with this idea? 你怎样想出这个注意的？ My brother is a person who often comes up with good idea.我弟弟是个常常能 想出好点子的人 24、offer 提供 二、短语 1、give it to charity 把它捐给慈善机构 3、What if ?? 如果?怎么样？ 5、take a big exam 参加大考 7、in public 在公共场合 9、the whole school 全校 2、medical research 医学研究 4、get nervous 紧张 6、help with 有助于 8、hardly ever 几乎不 10、without permission 为经许可 offer sb sth 给××?? offer to sb sth 主动提出干??
11、be(make) friends with 与?交朋友 许 13、introduce?to? 把?介绍给? 15、social situations 社会环境 点也不 17、right away 立刻，马上 19、be friendly to 对?友好 21、a bit shy 有点害羞 23、represent the class 代表班级 25、let ? down 使?失望 27、be sure of + n./pron. 生 be sure to do 相信? sth
12、ask one’s permission 请求××的允
14、invite?to do? 邀请?干? 16、not? in the slightest 根本不，一
18、all day 全天 20、at lunch time 在午饭时间 22、English speech contest 英语演讲比赛 24、come top 名列第一（前茅） 26、come up with 提出、想出 28、the rest of the students 其余的学
29、have a lot of experience (in) doing
be sure +that 从句 （在做某事方面有经验） 30、deal with 对付，处理 32、give advice on? 在?方面提出意见、建议 34、hurry to do sth 匆匆忙忙干? 三、句子 1、He doesn’t know if he should bring a present. 他不知道是否该带礼物。 2、You shouldn’t worry about what other people say.你不应该考虑别人说什么。 3、What will you do if you had a million dollars? 如果你有一百万美元，你会干什么？ 4、If I were you, I ‘d take a small present.如果我是你，我会带一个小礼物。 5、I’m too tired to do well.我太累了，没考好。 6、Dogs can be a lot of trouble.狗会带来很多麻烦。 31、come out 出版 33、by accident 偶然地，无意之中 35、an internet friend 网友
7、What are you like? 你是什么样的人？ 8、I’d invite him/her to have dinner at my house.我会邀请他（她）到我家吃饭。 9、You enjoy the company of other people.你喜欢别人的陪伴。 10、I feel nervous talking in front of many people.我在众人面前讲话时感到紧张。 11、She always comes top in the school exams.她在学校的考试中总是名列前茅。 12、She doesn’t want to let her friends down.她不愿让朋友失望。 13、If I were you, I'll get out of here.如果我是你，我会离开这里。
一．单项选择（25分） ( ) 1.If you don’t know how to spell new words ,____ ___ in the dictionary. A. look up them B .look for them C .look them up D. look them for ( ) 2. Most Chinese children like to sleep with their mothers. They are the dark. A. interested in B. afraid C. terrified of D. sure of ( ) 3.There is going to be a basketball match next month . You’d better ____the ball into the basket . A. like throwing B. stop throwing C. practice throwing D. enjoy throwing ( ) 4.I can’t send an e-mail .Would you please show me ___ ? A. what to do it B. where to do C. when to do D. how to do it ( ) 5.Miss Gao ____a reporter .But she ___her job last month. A. used to be , change B. used to be , changed C. has been , has changed D. is , has changed ( ) 6.I study math by ___ lots of exercises . A. doing B. did C. do D. does ( ) 7.Lucy thinks that ____ English movies isn’t a good way. A. watch B. watching C. watched D. watches ( ) 8.When you practice English speaking , you should not end up ____in Chinese . A. speak B. spoken C. speaking D. to speak
阅读 A.I think that I'm a chicken Psychiatrist: Patient: Psychiatrist: Patient: What's your problem? I think I'm a chicken. How long has this been going on? Ever since I was an egg!
B.A Sunday school teacher was telling her pupils the importance of *** others glad. “Now, children,” said she , “has anyone of you ever make someone else glad?” “Please, teacher ,”said a small boy, “I've make someone glad yesterday.” “Well done. Who was that?” “My grandma” “Good boy. Now tell us how you made your grandmother glad.” “Please, teacher, I went to see her yesterday, and stayed with her three hours. Then I said to her, 'Granny, I'm going home,' and she said, 'Well, I'm glad'!”
C. Fox and cock One morning a fox sees a cock.He think,”This is my breakfast.'' He comes up to the cock and says,“I know you can sing very well.Can you sing for me?''The cock is glad.He closes his eyes and begin singing.The fox sees that and caches him in his mouth and carries him away. The people in the field see the fox.They cry,”Look,look!The fox is carrying the cock away.''The cock says to the fox,“Mr Fox,do you understand?The people say you are carrying their cock away.Tell them it is yours.Not theirs.'' The fox opens his mouth and says,”The cock is mine,not yours.''Just then the cock runs away from the fox and flies into the tree.