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Grammar of B1U4定语从句


Unit4 Earthquake

Revision All the students are not here. Everything is not good. Both of them are not students.
None of the students is here. Nothing is good. Neither of them

is a student.

定语从句
The Attributive Clause

带定语从句的谚语:
1.

God helps those who help themselves.

自助者天助之。 2. He who laughs last laughs best. 谁笑到最后,谁笑的最好。 3. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man. 不到长城非好汉。

?1.Then, later that afternoon, another big quake _________________ which was almost as strong as the first one __________shookTangshan. 2.The army organized teams to dig out who were trapped and to bury the dead those_______________________.

Some sentences with atrributive clause in the text

But the people in the city, ________________ who thought little _____________ of these events, went to sleep as usual that night.

It was heard in Beijing, which is more than 200 ______________________ kilometers away. _______________

A huge crack ____________ that was eight _________________________ kilometers long and thirty ____________ meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals.

The number of people ____ who __________________ were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

定语从句的相关概念
1.定义: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句 2.先行词: 被修饰的名词,代词或整句话 There was an earthquake which happened in Tangshan in 1976. 3.引导定语从句的词 关系代词、关系副词:
关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, that等 关系副词: when, where, why等

关系代词的用法 关系代词在从句中可以:
指人 指物 subject (主语) that which who whom

何时可以省略?
做宾语时可以省略 object attribute (宾语) (定语)



√ √

√ √ √

√ √ √ √

√ √ √ √

whose



看图连句
Let me try!

The man _________________ is who ran fastest Liuxiang. Liuxiang is the man ________________. who ran fastest

a boy, has a scar, forehead

Harry Porter is a boy ____________ who/that has _____________________. a scar on his forehead

Changzhou

develop fast

a city

Changzhou is a city ___________________ which /that develops _____. fast

Which house is mine?
My house

房顶是棕色的房子是我的。

The house _________________ whose roof is brown is mine.

The city host(举办) 2oo8 Olympic Games

Beijing

which\that hosted the 2008 The city _________________________________ Olympic Games is Beijing. ___________________

Beckham is a football player.

He is handsome.

Beckham is a football player, who is handsome . _______________

Beckham, who ___________________________, is handsome is a football player.

1.The man _________came to our school is Mr. Wang. who, that
2.The girl _________________ whom, that, who, / I met is Lucy.

3.A child _______parents are dead is called Tom. whose
4.I like the book ____________ that, which, / you bought yesterday.

5. We shall never forget the days ____________we that, which, / spent
together.

6.I like the person _________you just talked. to whom
7. I have a room ________window faces south. whose

一、that和which用法的区别
1、只能用that不用which的情况
(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something,
anything, little, much 等不定代词时。

(that) you can borrow. I am sure she has something _____
Do you have anything _____ (that) you don’t understand? (2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等 修饰时。 I’ve read all the books _____ that you lend me. Please send us any information _____ that you have about the subject.

(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。
This is the first book _____ (that) he has read. that I’ve It is the most beautiful city _____ ever seen.

(4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 that belongs to him. This is the very book _____ that was present at the He is the only person _____ time.

(5)先行词既有人又有物时。 The famous writer and his works _____ that the radio broadcast are popular to the students. (6) 先行词是who或which引导的主句。 Who is the girl _____ that drove the car? (7) 主句以there be 引导时。 There are more than 400,000 people _____ that died or were injured in the earthquake.

2、只用which不用that的情况
(1) 关系代词在限制性定语从句中紧跟介词作宾语 (介词提前)。 under which they can There are many trees __________ have a rest.

This is the ring __________ she spent 1000 on which dollars.
(2) 在非限制性定语从句中。 which is a very popular game, is Football, ______ played all over the world.

二、只用who的情况
who has nothing to fear dares to tell One ____ the truth. who laugh at the disabled are not The ones ____ good students. who fails to finish the task should Anyone ____ be punished. who want to go to The Great Wall Those ____ sigh up here.

先行词是one, ones, anyone, those时用who.

3. 表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时,用介 词of, 有时可用whose转换。 of which is 1) I’m painting a house, the roof _________ round. I’m painting a house __________ whose roof is round. 2) They live in a house, _______ whose windows face south. They live in a house, the windows of which face south. _________

Let me try!

Exercises:
1. All ______ is useful to us is good. A.which B.what C.that D.whether 2. She will never forget the days ______ she spent in Beijing. A.when B.what C.which D.why 3. The man ______ you are talking about is in the next room. A. to whom B. whom C. who D. which

4. The text is one of the most interesting stories ______ learned in the past three years. A.that have B. that have been C.which has D. which has been 5. The college won’t take on anyone ______ eyesight is weak. A.who B.whose C.of whom D.which

6. Here is the bicycle ______ in the shop. A.that you saw it B.that saw it C.you saw D.you saw it 7. Those ______ to take part in the game write down your names, please. A.who B.who want C.that wants D want 8. I, _____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is B.what is C.what am D.who am

Make a report about the typhoon: (using attributive clauses)

typhoon
on Oct. 7th

attack Huzhou
for a long time

strong wind and heavy rain
cause damage 5 million people

go through
buildings

trapped or injured
flood and mud-rock flow

4.5 billion money
on one was killed

rescue, help

Make a report about the typhoon:

(using attributive clauses)
There was a typhoon ______ that attacked Huzhou on Oct. 7th this year. It was a strong typhoon ___________ that / which stayed in Zhejiang for a long time. It brought strong wind and heavy rain, ______ which caused a lot of damage. More than 5 million people went through the typhoon, among ______ whom many people were trapped or injured. Many buildings fell down. It caused flood and mud-rock flow in many places, which _____ resulted in a loss of more than 4.5 billion money. Teams were organized to rescue those ______ who were trapped and help was given to those ______ who suffered from the typhoon. Luckily, it was reported that no one was killed.


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