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广东省惠州市2013届高三第一次调研考试


惠州市 2013 届高三第一次调研考试 英语试题
I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B, C 和 D 项中,选出 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 What will happen if you put a buzzard in a

pen (围栏) which is six to eight feet square and entirely open at the top? The bird in spite of its ability to fly, will be an absolute __1__. The reason is that a buzzard always begins a(an) __2__, from the ground with a run of ten to twelve feet. Without enough __3__ to run, as is its habit, it will not even __4__ to fly, but remain a prisoner for life in such a small jail with no top. The ordinary bat that flies around at night, who is even a really __5__ creature in the air, cannot take off from a __6__ place. If it is placed on the floor or flat ground, all it can do is to move about __7__ and, no doubt, painfully, until it reaches some slightly __8__ place from which it can throw itself into the air. Then, at once, it takes off like a __9__. If dropped into a/(an) __10__ flat-bottomed glass, a bumblebee will be there until it dies, unless it is taken out. It never sees the means of escape at the top, but __11__ trying to find some way out through the sides near the __12__. It will seek a way where none exists, until it __13__ destroys itself. In many ways, we are like the buzzard, the bat and the bumblebee. We __14__ about with all our __15__ and difficulties, not realizing that the answer is right there above us. 1. A. winner B. servant C. suspect D. prisoner 2. A. escape B. growth C. flight D. guidance 3. A. space B. time C. width D. place 4. A. undertake B. imagine C. attempt D. succeed 5. A. flexible B. swift C. trained D. clumsy 6. A. steep B. widespread C. straight D. level 7. A. helplessly B. carelessly C. curiously D. regularly 8. A. farther B. nearer C. higher D. lower 9. A. flame B. frame C. flesh D. flash 10. A. tiny B. open C. large D. covered 11. A. continues B. practises C. stops D. enjoys 12. A. opening B. bottom C. stage D. trap 13. A. particularly B. hardly C. separately D. completely 14. A. wander B. fly C. struggle D. tremble 15. A. problems B. wishes C. hopes D. minds 第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) China's Tea Villages In most Chinese tea villages, March is the time of year in ___16___ locals start to
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pick and process tea. The usually quiet villages suddenly become busy centers of activity, as people take out special tools and prepare ___17___ tea processing. In some villages, local residents hold traditional ceremonies, ___18___ (thank) heaven for its blessing. The price of tea ___19___ (pick) in March is extremely high because ___20___ is fresh, tender and contains multiple trace elements. China ___21___ (be) famous for tea production since ancient times. Of the goods transported and traded along ___22___ Old Silk Road linking China to the Middle East and Europe, the importance of tea was matched only by silk. China produces Oolong, black, green, white, yellow ___23___ dark (aka post-fermented) tea. The Oolong, green and black ___24___ (vary)are most notable for their high quality. Most of China's tea villages are found in remote mountainous areas in the country's south and southwest, ___25___ the beautiful scenery is often hidden under clouds. II 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A February 4, 2012 saw the take-off of a new rising NBA star-Jeremy Lin. Among professional basketball players, Jeremy Lin's background is not typical. He graduated from Harvard University, which sends few players to the NBA, and he is the only Chinese-American NBA player. But when you watch him on the court, there is no doubt that he belongs there. He moves with speed and grace that demonstrate years of faithful practice, which is fueled by a love for basketball. Lin's enjoyment of basketball actually began in Taiwan. When Lin's father moved to U.S., his interest in the sport only grew and he passed on this love of basketball to his son, introducing him to the game at the age of five. The young Lin spent much of his youth playing basketball for fun. In high school, Lin dreamed of playing in the NBA. When he applied for college, he was not offered a single sports scholarship. However, after his admission to Harvard, he was offered a place on its college basketball team. During Lin's time at Harvard, his basketball career began to speed up. He scored 1,482 points, making him one of the highest scorers in Ivy League history. When he graduated, no professional teams offered Lin a contract, but he was invited to play in the NBA Summer League. He played well and ended up eagerly signing a contract with the Golden State Warriors. At first,playing in professional games filled Lin with excitement. He treasured opportunities to meet players he had been watching on TV for years. But slowly, the excitement wore off and was replaced by anxiety. In a few very difficult months, he was cut by two teams before the New York Knicks picked him up. But he had the courage and determination to stick to his dream, so he put himself into hard training to get ready for his opportunity to come. Then his moment arrived on February 4, 2012, which his excellent performance made him famous overnight. on After that, he led the Knicks to their fifth straight victory. The Associated Press called Lin "the most surprising story in the NBA". Knicks fans developed the nickname for him "Linsanity" (林发疯). Time magazine released
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its 2012 list of the 100 "Most Influential People in the World", Jeremy Lin included. No doubt, Lin fever is continuing to spread if you haven't already caught "Linsanity", get ready. 26. Which of the following elements is of little help in Lin's success? A. his father's influence B. his devotion to basketball C. his years of hard work D. his graduation from Harvard University 27. What does the phrases "wore off" in seventh paragraph probably mean? A. arose B. disappeared C. grew D. remained 28. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Lin learned to play basketball when he was eight. B. Before Lin there was no Chinese-American NBA players. C. Lin was excited for professional games and did a good job at the beginning. D. Lin is the most outstanding player in NBA. 29. Which is the right order for Lin's life? a He made an excellent performance on Feb,4. b He was fired by the Golden State Warriors. c He was invited to play in the NBA Summer League. d He graduated from Harvard University. e He became famous overnight. A. a, d, c, b, e B. d, b, c, a, a C. d, c, b, a, e D. a, e, d, c, b 30. It can be inferred from the passage that ______. A. NBA prefers graduates from Harvard University. B. Lin got an easy entry into NBA. C. Lin didn't show his basketball talents in Harvard University. D. Lin didn't have a smooth road in NBA. B A firm handshake is key to interview success. As any serious job-hunter knows, it helps to dress smartly and smile at that all-important interview. But research has showed that a firm handshake is what really matters when it comes to impressing potential employers. The US research looked at 98 undergraduates taking part in mock (模拟) interviews with businesses. As each undergraduate was graded on their overall performance, five "handshake raters" also marked them on their grasp, strength, duration, vigor and eye contact. Professor Greg Stewart, from the University of Iowa, who led the study, said those who scored highly with the handshake raters were also considered to be the most hirable by the interviewers. Students with " wimpy" shakes were judged to be more timid and less impressive. The study also found women with a firm handshake were likely to be evaluated more favorably than their male counterparts. Professor Stewart said: "We've always heard that interviewers make up their mind about a person in the first two or three minutes of an interview. But we found that the first impression begins with a handshake that sets the tone for the rest of the interview. We don't consciously remember a person's handshake but it is one of the first
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non-verbal clues we get about the person's overall personality, and that impression is what we remember." Women were less likely to have a highly rated handshake, partly because traditionally they shake hands less than men. But when women did possess a firm handshake, they were likely to be evaluated more favorably than their male counterparts. Body language experts warn, however, that the firmness needs to be just right, as an over enthusiastic "bone crusher" handshake can indicate self-importance, a controlling personality and a lack of trustworthiness. The handshake is thought to have originated in medieval Europe as a way for kings and knights to show that they did not intend to harm each other and possessed no hidden weapons. 31. The passage is probably intended for ______. A. job-hunters B. an undergraduate C. employers D. handshake raters 32. From the first paragraph we know that in an interview ______. A. dressing smartly is more important than a firm handshake B. smile has no effect on impressing potential employers C. a firm handshake is more important than dressing smartly, and smile D. dressing smartly, smile and a firm handshake are of the same importance 33. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. The firmer your handshake is the better impression you leave. B. The undergraduates without a firm handshake are thought to be less impressive. C. Generally speaking, women shake hands less with others. D. It's said that the handshake dates back to medieval Europe. 34. Professor Greg Stewart probably disagrees that ______. A. a "bone crusher" handshake gives an unfavorable impression B. the scores by the handshake raters were not related to the employment of the undergraduates C. an undergraduate highly scored by the handshake raters was more likely to be hired D. interviewers often decided whether to employ a person in the first two or three minutes of an interview 35. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Women with a firm handshake were likely to leave a. better impression than men. B. A successful job interview starts with a firm handshake. C. Dressing, smile and a firm handshake are all important to a successful job interview. D. Job interview success depends on interviewees' body language. C It's really true what people say about English politeness: it's everywhere. When squeezing past someone in a narrow passage, people say "sorry". When getting off a bus, English passengers say "thank you" rather than the driver. In Germany, people would never dream of doing these things. After all, squeezing past others is sometimes unavoidable, and the bus driver is only doing his job. I used to think the
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same way, without questioning it, until I started traveling to the British Isles, and here are some more polite ways of interacting (交往) with people in UK. People thank each other everywhere in England, all the time. When people buy something in a shop, customer and retail assistant in most cases thank each other twice or more. In Germany, it would be exceptional to hear more than one thank you in such a conversation. British students thank their lecturers when leaving the room. English employers thank their employees for doing their jobs, as opposite to Germans, who would normally think that paying their workers money is already enough. Another thing I observed during my stay was that English people rarely criticize others. Even when I was working and mistakes were pointed out to me, my employers emphasized several times but none of their explanations were intended as criticism. It has been my impression that by avoiding criticism, English people are making an effort to make others feel comfortable. This also is showed in other ways. British men still open doors for women, and British men are more likely to treat women to a meal than German men. However, I do need to point out here that this applies to English men a bit more than it would to Scottish men! Yes, the latter are a bit tightfisted. 36. What is the author's attitude towards English politeness? A. He thinks it is artificial. B. He thinks little of it. C. He appreciates it very much. D. He thinks it goes too far. 37. What can be inferred from the passage? A. The author think it's unnecessary to say "thank you" to the bus driver. B. In Germany, employers often say "thank you" to employees for their job. C. German men never treat a woman to dinner. D. Germans think it is unnecessary to thank workers because payment is enough. 38. We can learn from the last paragraph that Scottish men _______. A. are more likely to be involved in a fighting B. are as generous as English men C. treat women in a polite way D. are unwilling to spend money for women 39. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. English drivers often say "thank you" to passengers when they get off the bus. B. In Germany, passengers sometimes say "thank you" to bus drivers. C. English people try to avoid criticizing others in the daily life. D. Germans are more considerate and polite than Englishmen. 40. The author develops the text through the method of_________. A. making comparisons B. telling stories C. giving comments D. giving reasons/examples D Every hour spent in watching TV, DVDs and videos as an adult reduces life expectancy by almost 22 minutes, a study suggests. And viewing TV for an average of six hours a day can cut short your life by five years. The research claims that a sedentary lifestyle is as bad for health as smoking and obesity, because of the dangers caused by inactivity and the greater opportunities it offers for unhealthy eating.
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The academics conducting the study set out to calculate the overall risk to life expectancy from watching television. Their research involved more than 11,000 people over the age of 25. Writing in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, they concluded. "TV viewing time may be associated with a loss of life, which is similar to other major chronic disease risk factors such as physical inactivity and obesity." The researchers, from the University of Queensland, used information from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study, together with population and death rate data. But they said: "Although we used Australian data, the effects in other industrialized and developing countries are likely to be similar, considering the large amounts of time spent watching TV and similarities in disease patterns." In the United Kingdom, the average amount of time spent watching TV is four hours a day, compared with five hours in the United States. Earlier this year, a separate study suggested the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease, or dying early, rises by as much as 20 percent after just two hours a day in front of the box. England's Chief Medical Officer, Sally Davies, said: "Physical activity offers huge benefits and these studies back what we already know - that a sedentary lifestyle carries additional risks. We hope these studies will help more people realize that there are many ways to get exercise." 41. We can learn from the passage that A. whether you watch TV or not has nothing to do with how long you will live B. if an adult watches TV for six hours every day, he will die five yew earlier C. physical inactivity and obesity won't shorten your life D. a sedentary lifestyle offers huge benefits. 42. The word "it" in the second paragraph refers to A. a sedentary lifestyle B. eating C. smoking D. obesity 43. The passage implies that _______. A. The longer one watches TV every day, the shorter he lives. B. The conclusion of the study is unbelievable because it's based on American data. C. Watching TV does greater harm to health than smoking and obesity D. Watching TV harms children as much as adults. 44. What do we know from the last three paragraphs? A. People in the United Kingdom watch TV longer than those in the United States. B. That a sedentary lifestyle carries additional risks isn't supported by other studies. C. Watching TV for two hours a day will increase the risk of illnesses or dying early by 20%. D. It is through these studies that we know a sedentary lifestyle carries additional risks. 45. The passage is intended to _______. A. inform the readers of a research on watching TV B. warn the readers of the harm of watching TV and hope they do sports C. tell the readers watching TV is also a good way to relax
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D. tell the readers large amounts of people often watch TV 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题 号的相应选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列警方通报查找人员的信息:

以下是相关事件及人物的描述,请把描述与相关插图及提示性文字匹配起来。 46. A valuable dog was taken while being walked by its owner in City Park yesterday afternoon. Police wish to talk to a man seen nearby at the time, described by witnesses as short and fat with short light hair and clear glasses. 47. Yesterday morning at 9.30a.m. a man armed with a gun entered the National Bank and demanded money from the staff, before fleeing when confronted by bank security staff. Security cameras show the man as being short and thin with shoulder length blonde hair. 48. A tall, strong built man with blonde hair, a thick black moustache and wearing dark glasses knocked a woman to the ground and stole her purse on Main Street last Saturday afternoon. If you see this man, do not approach as he is considered extremely dangerous. 49. At the football match between Manchester United and Liverpool, several people had their wallets stolen while waiting in line to buy food. The victims did not see or notice the thief but bystanders describe him as very tall and thin, clean shaven with short light hair. 50. A car was stolen from the supermarket car park (j*-1F*)on Friday, June 23 this year by a man described as very young, 1.7 meters tall with thin dark hair and
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carrying a blue backpack. A reward of $500 is offered for the car's recovery. III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 以下是东江的基本信息及相关报道。 基本信息: (1)地理:珠江的一个支流,发源于江西省,流经江西、广东 (2)长度:约 523 公里 (3)资源:水产资源丰富,盛产各种鱼类和藻类 相关报道: (1)东江被客家人称作“母亲河”,是香港及几个城市居民的主要饮水资源。 (2)目前,工业、饮用水需求逐年上升:任意排放污水,水质下降。 (3)水资源形势严峻,要节约用水,全力保证东江的水质。 【写作内容】 根据以上信息写一篇东江的介绍,内容包括: 1. 东江的基本信息 2. 东江的相关报道。 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容. 参考词汇 藻类 algae 客家人 Hakka people 第二节:读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 Table manners are how to behave when you eat a meal. They include how to handle knives and forks and how to eat in a civilized manner. The world's largest travel and digital publisher, Lonely Planet has gather manners tips. It warns of careless mistakes you should avoid at table. Here is an example: Eating in Japan. It is "perfectly" okay to slurp (make a noise while drinking something) when you eat noodles. Unlike making big noises, slurping mildly is not rude but is a compliment to the chef. Japanese also say it tastes better if you slurp. It's important to say traditional phrases of thanks before and after a meal. Eat sushi whole. Dip the fish part rather than the rice into soy sauce. Eating in Russia. Your wrists should be placed on the edge of the table while eating, fork in left hand, knife in the right. Leave some food on your plate to show that the host has given you enough to eat. Or the host will ask if you'd like to have a second helping. It's polite to absorb excess (more than is needed) sauce or gravy (juices from cooking meat) with bread. Paying attention to table manners not only celebrates fun of getting together but shows respect to others. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的内容; 2.以约 120 个词表达你对对桌文化的理解,并包括如下要点: (1)在日常生活中,餐桌文化是否应该受到重视?原因是什么? (2)列举你周围人们在餐桌上的不恰当行为和习惯 (3)就培养文明的餐桌礼仪提出建议
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