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2013高考英语一轮总复习(山东专用):Unit2 English around the world


Unit 2

English around the

world——世界上的英语

基础盘点自测自评
核心单词

request 1.It is my last _________(请求) and I shall never ask you anything again.
2.

He is from the south and speaks

English with a strong _________(口音). accent

3.In the future,more ordinary people
may go on a voyage _________(旅行) to

space.
4.While travelling,you’d better natives

communicate with the
__________(本地人) as much as

possible.

5.You’ll have to get official ___________(官方的) permission from the headteacher. frequently 6.He visited me now and then,but not as __________(频繁地) as he used to.

7.Reading is one of the best ways vocabulary of enlarging your ___________(词 汇量). Based 8.____________(以??为基础)on a real story happening in Shenzhen, the film attracted a lot of audience.

express 9.I can hardly __________ how grateful I feel.I will give him the expression present as an ____________ of gratitude.(express) recognize 10.He had changed so much that you didn’t ___________ him.As a

recognition matter of fact,illness and age
changed him beyond ____________.(recognition)

高频短语

because of 1.______________

因为;由于

come up 2.______________ 走近;上来;提出 at present 3._____________ 现在;目前 4._____________ 利用;使用 make use of such as 5._____________ 例如??;像这种 的

play a part (in) 6.______________ 扮演一个角色;参
与 even if 7.______________ 即使 be based on 8._______________ 以??为基础 believe it or not 9._______________ 信不信由你

典型句式
1.even if/even though 引导让步状语从 句 Native English speakers can even if they don’t speak the same kind of English understand each other _________________________ ____________________(即使他们所讲 的英语不尽相同).

2.one reason why 从句/for...is that...
One reason why ________________(??的一个原因)

it is not so easy for a Chinese to
speak English is that

__________(是)English has a large
vocabulary.

3.no such+单数名词

no Believe it or not,there is such thing
____________ as standard English ____________________(没有什么标 准英语可言).

4.way表示方式、方法,后接定语从句
However,on TV and the radio you the way people will hear differences in ________________ speak

_________(人们讲话的方式).

单元语法 直接引语和间接引语(Ⅱ) 1.The English teacher told us this morning that we ________ an exam at the end of this month. A.will have have C.have had D.had had B.would

解析:选B。因主句是过去时,所以 宾语从句也要用过去的某种时态,同 时根据at the end of this month可知, have所表示的动作尚未发生,故用过 去将来时。

2.She said that her sister ________ back the following evening. A.will be C.had been B.would be D.was

解析:选B。此题考查直接引语变间接
引语的用法。此句应为She said,“My

sister will be back the following
evening.”根据时态变化,直接引语变 间接引语时,一般将来时应改为过去将 来时,所以选B。

3.The moment I got home,my

wife asked me ________ I had
been to the hospital.

A.when
C.whether

B.why
D.that

解析:选C。本题考查宾语从句的引

导词。若选A项或B项,宾语从句的时
态应为一般过去时,that用来陈述事

实,而前面是动词asked,用来表示
疑问,所以选whether。

4.As the deadline of 16 April for
the stadium to be open was

coming,they were asked ________
to finish the project on time. A.that it was easy B.whether it was hard C.if it is easy D.when it is hard

解析:选B。考查宾语从句的连接词
和时态。由于主句的动词为asked,

因此从句不能用that引导,排除A。又
因为主句为一般过去时,因此从句也 要用过去时,故选B。

5.They said to us,“Are you afraid
to leave this house?” They asked us ________ afraid to leave ________ house. A.that were we;this B.that we were;that C.if were we;this

D.if we were;that

解析:选D。把一般疑问句变成间接 引语时,就要将一般疑问句变成由 whether/if引导的宾语从句;变换时 应特别注意要将疑问句的倒装语序改 为陈述语序。主句的谓语动词是一般 过去时,直接引语变间接引语时,从

句的谓语动词由现在时变为过去时。
指示代词this要变为that。

考点串讲讲练互动
单词精研
1.command n. [C]命令,指令;[U]掌握

vt. 命令;指挥,支配;博得,赢得 (教材P12)Can you find the following command and request from Reading?

你能从阅读中找出下面的命令和要求吗?

归纳拓展

①The Food Safety Department commanded the traders to stop the use of the illegal cooking oil absolutely. 食品安全部门命令商贩杜绝使用地沟油. ②Applicants will be expected to have a good command of computer skills.申请人必须有很好的 电脑技能。

③The police commanded the witness to describe what had happened the day before. 警察要求目击者描述一下前一天所发生

的事情。
④The teacher commanded that the

students (should) hand in their
homework after class. 老师要求学生下课后交作业。

【助记】
command所接宾语从句的谓语动词用

“(should) do”,能这样使用的动词可用
以下口诀来记忆:

一坚持:insist
二命令:order,command

三建议:advise,suggest,recommend
四要

求:require,request,demand,desire

2. request

n.&vt. 请求;要求

(教材P12)In English you use a

command or a request when you
want someone to do something.

在英语中,当你想让别人做事时,你
使用命令或请求方式。

归纳拓展

①(朗文P1280)They have made an

urgent request for international aid.
他们紧急请求国际援助。

②The teacher requested all the children to follow his advice.老师要 求所有的孩子都听从他的建议。 ③It is requested that all the club members should attend the meeting.要求所有的俱乐部成员都参 加会议。

3. base

vt. 以??为根据

n.基部;

基地;基础
(教材P10)It was based more on

German than the English we speak
at present. 当时的英语更多地是以

德语为基础,而不是我们现在所说的
英语。

归纳拓展 (1)base...on... 根据??;以??为基础

(2)(sth.) be based on... 以??为基础
(3)basic adj. 基本的,基础的

①(朗文P127)This provides a good base for the development of new techniques.

这为新技术的发展提供了良好的基础.
②Based on a true love story, the film we watched yesterday is highly thought of.以一个真实的爱情 故事为基础,我们昨天看的电影受到高 度评价.

③The government provides them
with not only food and shelter,

but also the basic skills for their
living. 政府不仅为他们提供食物和住处,还 为他们提供基本的谋生技能。

4. recognize

vt. 辨认出;承认;公认

(教材P13)Although many Americans
move a lot,they still recognize

and understand each other’s
dialects. 虽然美国人经常搬迁,但

他们仍然能识别并理解彼此的方言。

归纳拓展

①The moment I picked up the

phone,I recognized his voice.我一
拿起电话就听出了他的声音。

②I recognize that I am not fit for
the job.

我认识到我不适合这个工作。

③(牛津P1658)The town has changed beyond recognition since I was last here.自从我上次离开这里以来, 这座小镇变得已让人认不出来了。

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.完成句子
1.In my opinion,you’d better choose a career based on __________(根据) your own personal interest.

known 2.I have ________ him for ten didn’t years. But I recognize him ___________________(没认出他)

just now because he has changed
so much.

3._______________(人们一致认为) It is recognized that environmental pollution is one of the most serious

problems we are facing.

Having a good command of 4._____________________________

English grammar ____________________(精通英语语
法) makes it easier for him to understand long sentences while reading.

5.The teacher left a note to the

should they students with a request that get all the homework ____________done __________________(完成所有的作
业) before Friday.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.The Australian boy has a good ________ of Chinese and can express himself freely in it. A.command C.power B.concern D.usage

解析:选A。根据can express
himself freely可知have a good

command of “掌握(某种语言)得好
”符合语境。

2.If you’d like to gain more
contents from that website,you

have to answer some messages
________ personal information. A.searching C.requesting B.asking

D.questioning

解析:选C.表达“要求,需要”可以使 用request或ask for;question表示“ 对??提出疑问,审问,提问某人”.

3.With our knowledge______
practice, we can make great

contributions to our society.
A.to base on B.basing

on
C.based on D.base on

解析:选C。base...on... 把??建立
在??基础上。base为及物动词,这

里指base our knowledge on
practice,base与knowledge之间为 被动关系,故用其过去分词形式。

4.It’s many years since we
parted.She has become beautiful

almost _______ recognition.
A.above B.over

C.beyond
D.Against

解析:选C。beyond recognition
“认不出来”。

短语精释 1. more than 不仅是 (教材P9)Do you know that there is more than one kind of English? 是否知道不仅仅只有一种英语? 你 超过;非常;不只是,

归纳拓展

?more than+数词或从句 超过 ? (1)?more than+形容词 非常 ?more than+名词 不只是,不仅是 ?
(2)more...than... 不是??而是??; 与其说??倒不如说??

★归类记忆卡片 短 语 符号 < ≥ = 意 义

less than not less than = at (the)least no less than

少于 不少于,至少 和??一样, 不少(强调多)

★归类记忆卡片 短 语 符号 > ≤ = 意 义

more than not more than/ at (the) most no more than

多于 不多于, 不超过,至多 仅仅(强调少)

①In 2011, the quantity of the gold demanded by the world has been more than seven tons.

2011年世界黄金的需求量超过了七吨.

②Parents are more than providers for

their kids,they are also their first
teachers.

父母不仅要给孩子提供吃穿,还是孩
子的启蒙老师。

③She was more sad than angry when her son lied. 当她的儿子撒谎时,与其说她生气倒 不如说她伤心。 ④It is you rather than he are to

blame for the accident.
是你而不是他对该事故负责任。

2. come up
生;被提出;

走近;上来;发芽;发

(太阳、月亮等)升起
(教材P10)I’d like to come up to your

apartment.
我愿意来你的公寓。

归纳拓展
come about 发生 come across (偶然)遇见 come out (照片上)显露;结果是;出版 come to 恢复知觉;共计;达到(某种状 态) come up with 提出

①(朗文P286)I’ll let you know if
anything comes up.

如果发生什么事,我会告诉你的。
②I came up with a proposal and it

soon came up at the meeting.
我想出一条建议,很快这条建议在会上

被提出来了。

③I’ll never understand how it came about that you were late three times a week. 我就不明白你为何一周迟到三次.

3. make use of

利用;使用

(教材P10)So by the 1600’s
Shakespeare was able to make

use of a wider vocabulary than
ever before. 所以到17世纪,莎士

比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都
大。

归纳拓展 make full use of 充分利用 make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用 make the most of 最好地利用 make the best of 充分利用 take full advantage of 充分利用

①Much profit can be made from

making use of the wastes to get the
illegal cooking oil or dirty oil. 利用废弃特制成的地沟油、潲水油利润 相当可观。 ②We should consider what use can be made of such a material.我们应该 考虑这样的材料被用来做什么。

③In my opinion,the old shopping bag

can still be made use of.
依我来看,这个旧的购物包仍能使用. ④Scientists are developing new ways to make the most of the solar energy more effectively. 科学家们正在开发更加有效地充分利用 太阳能的新方法.

跟踪训练
Ⅰ.完成句子
1.Today,with the development of China more foreigners learn

than ____________________ Chinese ever before (比以往任何时候).

2.It is recognized that women are playing more and more important part ______ ______________________________ ____ should make use of (正扮演着越来越重要的角色) in society. 3.You __________________(应该利 用) every possible chance to

4. __________________(信不信由 Believe it or not
你), Jim is getting married next

month.
5.As a matter of fact,he got angry because of what you said

______________________(因为你说
的话) just now.

6.Facing the emergency,we were at a
come up loss and none of us could __________

________________ (想出方法) to the with a solution
problem.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.(2011· 高考浙江卷)The school isn’t the one I really wanted to go to,but I suppose I’ll just have to ________

it.
A.make the best of B.get away from C.keep an eye on D.catch up with

解析:选A。句意为:该校并不是我真
正想去的学校,但我还是想充分利用

它。本题考查动词词组辨析。make
the best of 充分利用;get away from 离开,逃脱;keep an eye on 密 切注意;catch up with 赶上。根据句 意,答案为A项。

2.—He failed the exam again! What should I do,Miss.Wang? —In my opinion,your son is________ than stupid.

A.quite lazier
lazier

B.much D.lazier

C.more lazy
rather

解析:选C。后句句意:依我看来,与
其说你的儿子笨倒不如说他懒。

3.When the teacher told the boy’s father what he had done at school,the father

was________angry.
A.more than B.other than

C.less than

D.rather than

解析:选A。句意为:当老师告诉男孩 的父亲他在学校的所作所为时,他的 父亲非常生气。more than+形容词 表示“非常,十分”。other than除 了;less than少于;rather than而不 是。

4.The money collected should be made good use________the people who suffered a lot in this terrible

earthquake.
A.of helping C.to helping B.to help D.of to help

解析:选D。make good use of sth.好 好利用,后边用不定式表示目的。

5.The manager of the company
told us that very little________was

made of the waste material in the
past.

A.cost
C.use

B.value
D.matter

解析:选C.注意make use of 的被动形
式.

句型精析 1. (教材P10)Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲 的语言不尽相同,也可以相互理解。 【点津】 even if或even though意

为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句.

①(牛津P683)I’ll get there even if I have to walk. 我就是走也要走到那儿。

②(2010· 高考安徽卷)The engineers
are so busy that they have zero

time for outdoor sports activities,
even if they have the interest.工程 师很忙,尽管他们对户外运动感兴趣也 没有时间运动.

③He keeps a habit of taking regular exercise,even though he doesn’t have much spare time every day.尽 管他每天没有多少闲暇时间,他依然保 持着经常锻炼的习惯。

【温馨提示】 even so “虽然如此,即使如此”, 在句中相当于插入语,放于句中时,

even so的前后都要有逗号,将它和
句子隔开。

④Your uncle seems to be a good driver,even so,I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car.你的叔叔看上去好似 一位优秀的司机,即使这样,我也不敢坐 他的车旅行.

2. (教材P13)Believe it or not,there
is no such thing as standard

English.
信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准

英语可言。

【点津】

句中“no such+单数名

词”意为“没有这样的??”,其中 单数名词前不可再加冠词,相当于 “not such a/an+单数名词”。

①He was admitted to a very
famous university.But I have no

such luck.
他被一所非常著名的大学录取了。但

我却没有这样的运气。

【温馨提示】
(1)such与a/an连用时要放在a/an的前

面;与all,no,some,any,few,
little,many,much,several,one

等词连用时,应位于它们的后面。

?a/an+adj.+可数名词单数 ? ? (2)such ? ?adj.+不可数名词/复数名词 ?

如此??以 +that... 至于?? (3)such...as... 像??这样的??,as 在句中引导 定语从句。

②She told us such an interesting story that we were all lost in it.她为 我们讲了那样一个有趣的故事以至于

我们都沉浸其中了.
③Such a book as you showed me is difficult to understand. 像你给我看的这样的书是很难理解的.

跟踪训练
1.(2010· 高考重庆卷)Everything comes with ________ price;there is no such ________ thing as a free

lunch in the world.
A.a;a B.the;/

C.the;a

D.a;/

解析:选D。考查冠词用法。price意 思是“代价”,为可数名词,第二空 前边有no,后面的名词不用冠词,故 选D。

2.________ environmental damage is done,it takes many years for the eco -system(生态系统) to recover. A.Even if C.While B.If only D.Once

解析:选D。句意为:一旦造成了环
境破坏,生态系统恢复就要很多年才

能完成。once 一旦;even if 即使;
if only 要是??就好了,倘若; while 虽然,尽管。故D项为正确选 项。

3.(2012· 河南质量调研)_______

winter is still with you,and will be
for a few more weeks,warm days

may still be in the forecast for your
area.

A.As long as
though

B.Even

C.Now that

D.Ever since

解析:选B。考查连词。前半句句 意:即使现在仍然是冬天,而且冬 天还要再持续几周?? even though 表示“即使”,符合语意。

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