如何写招领启事 说明重要性 分析原因 简单句的高级句式 人物简介 篇章连贯 图表作文 表格类作文 采访类作文 调查类作文
说明异同 假设处境 心得体会
问题解决 节日简介 经历感受 报道灾难事件 观点论证 概括记叙文
的要点 兴趣爱好 列举个例 概括说明文的要点 说明计划 叙述事件或活动 发表看法
今昔对比 段落主题句的模式 利弊对比 主题句展开的模式 观点对比 文章结束语的模式
基本句型 一、简单句的五个基本句型 句型 主语＋系动词＋表语 例句 Celina is good-looking.塞莉娜很漂亮。
The two brothers study hard. 主语＋不及物动词 这兄弟俩学习很努力。 主语＋及物动词＋宾语 I bought a computer.我买了一台电脑。 主语＋及物动词＋间接 He lent me his bike.他把自行车借给了我。 宾语＋直接宾语 主语＋及物动词＋宾语 The boy made us laugh. 这个男孩使我们大笑起来。 ＋宾补
A.用简单句翻译下列句子 1.这是我的爷爷。 _________________________. This is my grandfather 2.我的爷爷是位退休教师。 My grandfather is a retired teacher _________________________________. 3.现在爷爷和我们住在一起。 My grandfather is living with us now _________________________________.
Grandfather plants all kinds of flowers on our balcony _________________________________________________.
5.爷爷很爱他的花儿。 Grandfather loves his flowers very much __________________________________________. 6.花儿使我们的家变得更加漂亮。 The flowers make our house more beautiful _____________________________________________. 7.爷爷给我们带来了更多的欢乐。 Grandfather brings us more happiness _____________________________________________. B.适当添加细节和关联词，将上面的句子合并成 5 句话的 连贯的短文。 范文诵读： My grandfather is a retired teacher.He is living with us now.He plants all kinds of flowers on our balcony which he loves very much.The flowers make our house more beautiful.We are happier since Grandfather came to live with us.
二、There be 句型
此句型是由“there＋be＋主语＋状语”构成，用以表达 “某地有某物”。there be 句型其实是倒装的一种情况，主语位 于谓语动词 be 之后，there 仅为引导词，并无实际意义。be 动
现在有 there is/are... 过去有 there was/were... 将来有 there will be.../there is/are going to be... 现在已经有 there has/have been...
可能有 there might be...
肯定有 there must be.../there must have been...
过去一直有 there used to be... 似乎有 there seems/seem/seemed to be... 碰巧有 there happen/happens/happened to be...
另外，此句型有时可用 live, stand, come, go, lie, remain,
exist, arrive 等词代替 be 动词。如：
There lived an old man at the foot of the mountain. 山脚下住着一位老人。 There came a shout for “help”．有人喊救命。 There goes the bell.铃响了。 There lies a book on the desk.课桌上放着一本书。
翻译下列句子 1.灯亮着，办公室里肯定有人。 _________________________________________________. The light is on.There must be someone in the office 2.战前这儿一直有家电影院。 _________________________________________________. There used to be a cinema here before the war 3.恰好那时房里没人。 There happened to be nobody in the room at that time _________________________________________________. 4.我家门前有一条河。 There lies/is a river in front of my house ____________________________________. 5.广州是一座有着 2200 多年文明历史的古城，而且发展 很快。 __________________________________________________ There lies/is a river in front of my house than 2,200 years, is developing rapidly too ___________________________________________________.
结合在一起，不但可以表达更丰富的内容，而且也使句子变得 更精彩，充分显示考生在英语表达上的实力。如： 1.同位语 I want to have a pen friend, hopefully a girl in her early twenties and with interests similar to mine. 我想有一个笔友， 希望是一个二十出头且兴趣相投的女孩 子。(同位语中又有两个并列的介词短语修饰)
2.形容词短语 Afraid of difficulty, he prefers to do the easy math problem.
他害怕困难，宁愿做容易的数学题。 3.不定式短语 In order to study well, we need to do sports. 为了学习好，我们需要做体育运动。 4.现在分词短语 In this picture, a mother bird stays in her nest in a big tree, watching her babies flying away. 在这幅图中，一只鸟妈妈待在一棵大树的鸟巢里，看着她 的鸟仔飞走了。
5.过去分词短语 Compared with letters and public phones, mobile phones
and the Internet are faster and much more convenient.
与信件和公用电话相比，手机和网络更快也更方便。 6.介词短语 Instead of giving us answers immediately, he encourages us to think by ourselves. 他鼓励我们独立思考，而不是马上告诉我们答案。
一、完成句子 1.我是李华，一名四川学生。(用同位语) a student in Sichuan I'm Li Hua, _________________. 2.与其他老师相比，摩尔先生更注意教学方法。(用过去 分词短语) Compared with other teachers _________________________,Mr. Moore pays more attention to his way of teaching. 3.北京动物园，建于 1906 年，有 100 多年的历史了。(用过 去分词短语) The Beijing Zoo, ____________,has a history of more built in 1906 than 100 years.
4.李华在公交车站等 601 路公交车去上学。(用现在分词 短语) waiting for Bus No.601 to go to Li Hua was at the bus stop, __________________________ school ____________________. 5.我们学生应当通过努力学习而不是考试作弊来获得好 成绩。(用介词短语) We students should try to get good results by studying hard, instead of cheating in examinations __________________________________________.
1.The moon travels round the earth once every month.The moon is a natural satellite of the earth.(用现在分词短语合并句子) The moon, traveling round the earth once every month, is a __________________________________________________ _____________________________________. natural satellite of the earth 2.He was well-known for his expert advice.He was able to help a great number of people with their personal affairs.(用形容词
Wellknown for his expert advice, he was able to help a great __________________________________________________ number of people with their personal affairs ___________________________________________________.
篇章连贯 在英语写作中，要做到篇章结构连贯，除在内容的组织安 排上要注意前后的逻辑性外，有时还需恰当使用能承上启下的 关联词语。最常用的词有：
类别 关联词 举例 for example, take...for example, for instance, such as, like in the first place/to begin with/to start with/first of all/first and foremost/first first(ly), second(ly), third(ly), in addition/besides/what's 列举 more/furthermore/moreover, finally, last but not least for one thing...(and) for another... on the one hand...on the other hand... 转折 but, however, while, on the contrary, in contrast, otherwise, in spite of 因果 because, since, as, for, due to, for this reason, so, therefore, so...that... 比较 similarly, compared with/to, just like, just as at first/to start with/in the beginning, then, next, later, afterwards, (soon) after that, after a while, finally, now, at present, in the past, recently, immediately, 时间 soon, suddenly, at that moment, as soon as, the moment, from now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, not...until, after, before, when, while, during 目的 for this purpose, with/for the purpose of, so that, in order to, in order that, so as to 让步 although, even if, even though, no matter how, whether...or... 条件 as/so long as, on condition that, if, unless, in case of 并列 not only...but also, both...and, either...or, neither...nor, as well as 强调 without any doubt, obviously, above all 概括 in a word, in short, in brief, generally speaking, in conclusion in my opinion, in my view, in my point of view, as far as I'm concerned, as for 观点 me, personally, I think...
1.用 at first, then, after that, finally 填空 I had a bad cold last week.________,I had a running nose, At first After that but I did not take it seriously. _____I began to cough. ________, Then I had afever and felt weak.________,I was sent to hospital and had Finally to liein bed for three days. 2.用 then, later, after that 填空 later I bought a mobile phone on 20th Apr.2011.Ten days _____,it didn't ring or send short messages.______ I took it to the seller, but Then was told that the model had been sold out and I had to wait at least three months for a new one.___________I went to the repairman. After that
图表作文 图表包括表示数量大小或数量之间差异的条形或柱状图 (bar chart)，显示数据变化的曲线图(graph)，以及以圆内扇形的 大小表示各部分所占比例的饼形图(pie chart)。图表作文实际上 是要求考生将图表中的数据、图形转换成文字，并就图表中所
【技巧点拨】 1.读取信息。写作前我们必须仔细读图，掌握图表上提供 的信息及每一栏上面的小标题的标注，由此弄清楚设计者想通 过图表反映出的信息、问题或现象。 2.处理信息。在掌握全部信息的基础上对信息进行分析与 对比，同时考虑文章的布局、段落的划分以及上下文的连贯等。 3.文章结构。文章一般应包括： Part 1：General idea (conclusion/tendency) (图表反映的问 题或总体趋势) Part 2：Facts (to support the idea) (具体数据或事实) Part 3：Reason (原因分析) Part 4 ：Solutions/Suggestions ( 解决问题的办法或建议 ) 在写作时，这四个部分不一定全部被包括在内，应根据写作 要求或具体情况而定。
4.列举数据时要避免过多地重复使用百分比，可以用约数、倍 数等来表达。强调“少”可用 only ( 只有) 等，强调“多”可用 as many/much as (多达)等。 【必备词汇】 1. 上 升 ： rise, go up, climb, rocket ( 迅 速 上 升 ), soar ( 猛 增 ), increase 2.下降：go down, fall, drop, decline, decrease 3.起始：from...to..., to 4.程度：by... 5. 急 缓 ： slow, slowly; slight, slightly; quick, quickly; steady, steadily; sharp ( 急 剧 的 ), sharply ( 急 剧 地 ); dramatically ( 显 著 地 ); remarkably (显著地) 6.趋势：upward trend (上涨趋势), downward trend (下跌趋势) 7.不变：stay, remain (依然是) 8.其他：account for 30% of the total (占总量的 30%), at the same rate (以相同的速率), average (平均的), annual (每年的), figure/number (数字), amount (数量), percentage (百分比)
【实用套语】 1．开头 (1)From the graph/table/chart above, we can see that... 从上表我们可以看出?? (2)As can be seen from the table ( ＝ As we can see clearly from the table)．..正如从图表中所看到的?? (3)As is shown by the graph, there had been a rapid increase in...正如曲线所示，??飞速增长。 (4)From the statistics given in the table, it can be seen that...从 表中所给的统计数字可以看出?? (5)It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in... 从曲线图可以得出结论，??下降了很多。 (6)The graph shows/includes that... 图表显示/表明??
(1)There are two reasons that account for this phenomenon.有 两个原因可以解释这种现象。 (2)A number of factors could account for/contribute to/lead to/result in the change/success/increase. 许多因素可以说明/导致/引起这个变化/成功/增长。
(3)The reason for...is that...……的原因是??
(1)We can draw the conclusion that... 我们可以得出??
(2)From the changes in the charts, we can predict that... 从图 表的变化来看，我们可以预计??
(2012 届梅州中学第二次月考) 假设你于 4 月 23 日的“世界读书日”(World Reading Day) 在你所在的学校进行了一项阅读习惯调查，以下是其中的一项 调查结果。请用英语写一篇短文，说明相关内容及结果等。
A．买书阅读 B．网上下载或在线阅读 馆借阅 D．学校阅览室阅读
2.调查结果； 3.问题：阅览室的使用率(use rate)不高； 4.建议：(1)延长阅览室的开放时间； (2)书店送书到校，方便学生购买。
只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
On World Reading Day, we carried out a survey about the reading habits of high school students.According to the survey, 45.75% of the students read books they buy and 8.5% of them download e-books or read online.35.75% of the students borrow books from friends or the library and 11% of them read in the school reading-room.From the survey we can see that the use rate of the school rea-ding-room is not high enough.We suggest that its opening hours be extended and meanwhile bookstores be invited into the school to make it convenient for students to buy books.
表格类作文 表格类作文是将要表达的主要信息置于表格中，要点明 确，范围具体，使考生对所提供的信息一目了然。 【技巧点拨】 写这类作文时，考生要注意以下几点： 1．注意文体结构，切忌写成“填表题”。 表格类基础写作题虽然以表格作为提示，但一定要用短文 的形式来表达。 2．灵活转换信息，切忌“一对一直译”。 表格中的中文提示有些概括性强、比较简洁，有些较为抽 象、复杂，所以表达时切忌逐字逐句机械地直译、硬译。要灵 活调整信息，适当补充成分、采用意译法等写出符合英语表达 习惯的文章。
基础写作要求只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容，所以考生要 通过适当的逻辑关系整合要点。如表达果因关系，就可以考虑 用 for, because, therefore 等来组合信息。 4．采用多种表达法，避免句式单一。 表格里每一栏或列的内容一般用来表达同类信息，如建 议、方法等。为了避免句式重复、单调、呆板，考生要学会用 不同的表达方式表达同类的信息。 5．形成全局观念，防止遗漏“间接要点”。 在表达完表格里的信息外，也应注意表格前的情景说明， 还应考虑文意及文章结构是否完整。
(2012 届广东六校联合体 11 月联考) 假如你是李华，你的英国朋友 Bob 即将来深圳旅游，应他的要求， 请你写一封 e-mail，介绍深圳湾体育中心(Shen-zhen Bay Sports Center) ——“春茧”(the Spring Cocoon)。 [写作内容] 位置 开工—竣工时间 结构 用途 特点 “春茧”的寓意 深圳市南山中心区东北角，毗邻香港 2008 年 10 月—2010 年底 建筑面积约 32.6 万平方米，包括体育场、体育馆、游 泳馆(natatorium)和星级酒店 第 26 届大运会(the 26th Universiade)开幕式和足球赛、 乒乓球赛、游泳比赛和训练场地。大运会后免费向市 民开放 深圳的新地标(landmark)，代表了深圳市的城市形象 优秀青年运动员冲向世界“破茧而出”
[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2．邮件的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。
I was so glad to hear that you are coming to Shenzhen for a travel. ... Sincerely yours，
范文诵读： Dear Bob， I was so glad to hear that you are coming to Shenzhen for a travel.Shenzhen Bay Sports Center, nicknamed as the “Spring Cocoon” because of its shape of a cocoon, is located at the northeast corner of the center of Nanshan District, Shenzhen and next to Hong Kong.Covering an area of 326,000 square metres, it includes a stadium, a gym, a natatorium and some star hotels.Its construction work started in October 2008 and came to an end at the end of 2010.It was in the Spring Cocoon that the opening ceremony of 26th Universiade was held as well as the training and competitions for football, pingpong ball, swimming and so on and after the Universiade it is open to the public for free.As a new landmark representing the image of Shenzhen City, it means that excellent young athletes rush out of the cocoon and into the world. Sincerely yours， Li Hua
采访类作文 【谋篇布局】 1.交待采访的时间、对象、主题等。
【实用套语】 1.交待采访的时间、对象和主题 Last weekend, I had an interview with Professor Wang, an eye-doctor, concerning about the issue of short-sightedness of school children in China. 上周末，我就全国学生的近视问题采访了眼科医生王教授。 (2009 年广东)
(1)According to Professor Wang, slightly more than half of the school children in our country are shortsighted, ranking the first in the world. 据王教授所说，我国略多于一半的学生都是近视，居世界 首位。(2009 年广东) (2)He also pointed out that the causes for short-sightedness are so complicated that no medicine can cure short-sightedness. 他还指出说，导致近视的原因很复杂，没有药物能治愈近 视。(2009 年广东)
3.陈述专家的个人观点或建议 (1)He suggested that school children avoid overuse of their eyes and do more outdoor activities.
(2)He particularly reminded us that how to hold a pen is also related to short-sightedness.
采访的情况： 1．时间：上周末 2．对象：营养专家王教授
4．基本信息： (1)90%的调查对象吃早餐 (2)早餐营养不均衡
(1)原因：学生睡眠不足导致早上起床匆忙，早餐来不及吃。 (2)建议：让学生认识到早餐的重要性，一定要吃早餐。 (3)特别提示：家长应抽出时间给学生准备营养丰富的早餐。 [写作内容] 请根据以上情况用英语写一篇采访报道，并包括以下内容： 1.采访的时间、对象和主题； 2.中学生吃早餐的现状；
只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
(交待采访时间、对象和主题) Last week I had an interview with Professor Wang, a nutritionist, concerning about the problem of Chinese students' breakfast.(交待问题) The research I did before shows that ninety percent of interviewees eat breakfast but are on an imbalanced diet.(陈述原因) According to Professor Wang, lacking of sleep causes students' hurry getting up and having little time for breakfast.(专家建议) He suggested that students should realize the significance of breakfast and be sure to eat breakfast every single day.He particularly suggested that parents make time preparing nourishing breakfast for their children.
调查类作文 调查的结果往往会用表格或图表的形式来表述，因此高考 中调查类作文常用“少量文字＋表格或图表”的形式来命题。 【谋篇布局】 1.写作时，第一句开门见山地交待调查的基本情况，即阐 述调查的时间、对象、主题等情况。(1 句) 2.阐述调查结果，描述表格中的数据所反映的情况、数据 间的主要差异或趋势，或有的还要求谈谈数据所反映出来的问 题，并分析原因。(3 句) 3.提出个人观点或对解决该问题提出建议。(1 句)
(1)Last week, we did a survey among 2,600 students on “who is your idol”． 上周，我们以“谁是你的偶像”为题，在 2600 名学生中进 行了一次调查。 (2)I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of surfing the Internet. 最近我对我班的 60 名同学进行了调查，看他们上网做什 么。
(3)Last week, we did/conducted/carried out a survey among all the students in our school on the time they spent in sleeping every day.
(4)Recently, a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money. 日前，针对中学生零用钱的消费方向，对某中学学生进行 了问卷调查。
(1)From the table, we can conclude (that) over 20% of the teenagers are addicted to smoking. 根据上表，我们可以得出如下结论：超过 20%的青少年吸 烟上了瘾。 (2)As is shown in the above table, Senior Three students spend the least time in sleeping. 如上表所示，高三学生睡眠时间最少。 (3)As can be seen from the table above, more than 70% of the students have formed a very good habit of study. 从上表可以看出，70%以上的学生已经形成了良好的学习 习惯。
性定语从句或分词短语来表达。如： (1)30% of the students questioned say they think it better not to have physical exercise, which shows/mirrors/reflects/reveals that these students lack the awareness of keeping healthy. 在被调查的学生中，有 30%的人说，他们认为最好不要进 行体育锻炼。这表明，这些学生缺乏保持健康的意识。
(2)Only seven percent of the students are interested in looking
up new words in the dictionary, showing/mirroring/reflecting
that owing to their laziness, these students would rather be given everything by their teachers.
4.阐述个人观点或建议 (1)As far as I am concerned, effective measures should be
instantly taken to help students to spare time for slee-ping.
(2)From my own perspective, we should take action to help
students to make good use of study time. 在我看来，我们应当采取措施帮助学生好好利用学习时间。
人的选择)，用英语写一封信，简要向报社介绍调查的结果。 午睡情况调查表 1．你有午睡的习惯吗？ A.有 B. 没有
A. 约 15 分钟 B. 约 30 分钟 C.约 50 分钟
5．你认为午睡有好处吗？ A.有 B. 没有 C. 不确定
[写作内容] 请根据以上调查的结果写一篇调查总结，并简要谈谈你对 午睡的好处的看法。
[写作要求] 1．只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2．调查的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数； 3．参考词汇：午睡 take a nap after lunch; 宿舍 dormitory Dear Editor， Recently I have conducted a survey on taking a nap after lunch in my school. ... Yours， Li Ming
Dear Editor， Recently I have conducted a survey on taking a nap after lunch in my school.Most of the students have the habit of sleeping for a while at noon.The majority prefers to take a nap around 13：00 and it usually lasts for about 50 minutes.They often choose to sleep in the dormitory instead of at home or in the classroom.When it comes to the benefits of taking a nap, they all agree that it does some good to their health.As we know, with a nap after noon, one can feel refreshed and energetic enough to study more efficiently in the afternoon. Yours， Li Ming
Recently (whether)... 2.主体：陈述不同观点及其理由 表示赞同：agree with, favour the idea, be for the idea, be in we have had a discussion/debate on/about
favour of, approve of
表示反对：don't agree with, be against the idea, disagree 理由：because, for, they say, saying that, for the reason that
3.结尾：表明个人观点 Personally, I think...
As for me... In my opinion... 【实用套语】 1.开头：提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题 (1)We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. 我们就上大学是否是高中生的唯一出路进行了讨论。
(2)Recently our class have held a discussion on how to carry out the Citizens' Basic Moral Standards and become a successful young man. 最近我班就如何实施《公民的基本道德规范》和做一个有 为青年进行了讨论。 (3)Recently, in our class there has been a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. 最近我班就北京动物园是否应迁出市区进行了讨论。
(4)I'm writing to tell you about a recent discussion our class have had on whether or not university students should be financially independent. 我写信是要告诉你我班最近就大学生是否应该经济独立进 行讨论的情况。
注意：有时还会用“Opinions are divided on the question.”之 类的过渡句，然后再引出不同观点。
(1)Some of my classmates are in favour of the move.They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams.They also say... 有的同学赞同迁出。他们认为参观动物园的游客太多会造 成交通拥挤。他们还说?? (2)The minority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps to reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety. 大多数学生持这种观点：惩罚(乘坐酒醉驾车的)乘客有助
3．表示反对及理由 由正及反常用 however, on the other hand 等过渡词。如：
(1)60% of the students are against the idea of entrance
有 60%的人反对公园收费，他们认为?? (2)Nearly 70% of us disagree since it makes us fall into the habit of dependence, so that we won't form the good habit of
我们中将近有 70%的人不同意(父母陪读)，因为这会让我 们养成依赖习惯，结果将不会形成良好的学习习惯。
(1)In my opinion, we can receive a better education at college
so that we can serve our motherland better.
依我看，我们上大学可以接受更好的教育，我们也因此能 更好地服务祖国。 (2)Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my
experiences with them.
北京将每月的 22 日定为“让座日(Seat-giving Day)”，并 规定在公交车上经常让座的乘客将有机会获得奖励。对此，网 民在网上进行了激烈的讨论，大家看法不一。 [写作内容] 请根据下表所提供的信息，写一篇英语短文。
55%的网民 45%的网民 你的观点 座体现了我国的传统美德，需要继承发扬光大。 不合理,是否让座是个人自愿的行为,不应该强迫。 ??
[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容；
2.短文的开头已经给出，不计入总句数。 Beijing named the 22nd of every month as “Seat-giving Day” to encourage passengers on public transport to give their seats to those in greater need, and those commuters who often do
so will get rewarded.This activity arouses different opinions among
netizens (网民)． ...
范文诵读： Beijing amed the 22nd of every month as “Seat-giving Day”
to encourage passengers on public transport to give their seats to those in greater need, and those commuters who often do so will get rewarded.This activity arouses different opinions among netizens.
( 表示赞同及理由 ) 55% of the netizens are for the activity
because they think, for one thing, it is one of China's traditional
virtues to offer seats to the aged, pregnant women, children and
disabled.For another thing, as the capital of China, more
passengers' offering seats can leave a good impression on visitors both at home and abroad.
( 表示反对及理由) 45% of the netizens, however, object to the activity, claiming that giving up seats is a matter of willingness,
and passengers should not be forced to do so. ( 表 明 个 人 观 点 ) As far as I'm concerned, this activity is
surely of great help to set a better image of Beijing.Through such
an activity, Beijing will see an increasing number of people willing to do so and an improvement of people's behavior.
如何写发言稿 【谋篇布局】 发言稿包括开幕词、闭幕词、欢迎词、欢送词、告别词等。
【实用套语】 1. 称呼语：Dear friends/Dear fellow students/Good morning, ladies and gentlemen/Good afternoon everyone 等，其后用逗号 “，”。
(1)有时用一句客套话。如： ①It is a great honor for me to stand here and give my speech.我很荣幸站在这里发表演讲。 ②I'm very happy to stand here and give my speech. 我很高兴站在这里发言。 (2)一般开门见山直奔主题。如： ①Welcome to our school.Now please allow me to introduce you to some of our school rules here. 欢迎你们来到我们学校，请让我向你们介绍一下我校的一
②The topic of my speech today is “Thoughts on becoming
a grown-up”． 我今天发言的主题是“关于如何成为成年人的思考”。 ③Welcome to this year's English speech competition.I'm Li
Hua.I feel greatly honoured to host the contest, which is sponsored by the Students' Union. 欢迎参加今年的英语演讲比赛，我是李华，非常荣幸主持
由学生会发起的这次比赛。 (3)列举讲话要点。常用 first of all, secondly, finally 等。如： ①As high school students, firstly, we are expected to be neatly dressed when at school. 作为高中生，我们首先应做到在校时穿戴整洁。
②Secondly, it must be made clear that we should never be late for class or leave school before it is over. 其次，我们应该牢记不能上课迟到或早退。 ③Lastly, when you are walking on the road, please remember to keep to the right. 最后，当你走在路上，请记得要靠右。
(4)一般用一句话来总结讲话的内容。如： ①I hope that the friendship between you and us will exist forever.我希望你和我们之间的友谊永存。
②In a word, good listening can really enable you to get closer to each other. 总之，好好倾听会让你们能够彼此靠近。 ③Only in this way can we become a good listener. 只有这样，我们才可以成为良好的倾听者。
That's all.Thank you (for listening)！就这样，谢谢！
优点 能帮助学生复习、总结、巩固，并能指导我们如何学习。 好的教辅书犹如老师一样有帮助。 不能依赖教辅书，因为学习主要靠自己，而且也有质量低 劣的教辅书。
[写作要求] 1．只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容；
2．发言稿的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。 Dear friends， ...
That's all.Thank you!
范文诵读： Dear friends， Coaching books are now very popular among middle school
students, and they are playing an important role in our study.
Coaching books can help us review, summarize and consolidate what we have learned, and they can also guide us how to learn in future.Good coaching books are just like good teachers, which are a great help to us learning. However, we cannot depend too much on coaching books, because the best way of learning is to learn by ourselves.What's more, some coaching books are of poor quality, so we need to choose and judge by ourselves.
That's all.Thank you!
【实用套语】 1.口头通知要有称呼语，如：Ladies and gentlemen; Boys and girls。
(1)May I have your attention, please？请大家注意了。 (2)I have something important to tell you. 我有一些重要的事情要告诉你们。
3.口头通知常用结束语：That's all.Thank you.
4.其他套语： (1)Everyone is asked to be there on time. 要求大家按时到那里。 (2)Be sure not to be late.一定不要迟到。
(3)Please take your notebooks with you and be sure on time.
请带上笔记本，按时到达。 (4)Those who are interested in it are warmly welcome.
你用英语写一篇广播通知。 [写作内容] 1.宗旨：欢迎来访的美国朋友 2.组织者：学生会 3.时间：7 月 13 日(星期六)晚 7：30 4．地点：主楼的屋顶花园(roof garden)
5．活动内容：音乐，跳舞，唱歌，游戏，交换小礼品(请 包装好，签名并在包装外面写上几个祝愿词) [写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2.短文开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。 Boys and girls， May I have your attention, please? ... Everybody is welcome.That's all.Thank you!
Boys and girls， May I have your attention， please？ The Students' Union is
going to hold a party on Saturday evening， July 13， to welcome
our friends from the United States.The party will be held in the roof garden of the Main Building and begin at 7：30 p.m.There will be
music， dancing， singing， games and exchange of gifts.You may
bring along a small gift for this purpose.Remember to wrap it up， sign your name and write a few words of good wishes. Everybody is welcome.That's all.Thank you！
如何写招领启事 招领启事属于公告性应用文，是拾到物品的个人或集体用 书面形式请失主前来认领而使用的一种应用文样式。
【谋篇布局】 招领启事通常以 Found 作为标题放在启事的正上方，其
On the afternoon of January 3rd, 2012, I found a... at/in...
2.描述拾到物品的特征及数量： (1)More specially, it is a pair of white sports shoes, whose band is Nike. 确切地说，它是一双白色的耐克牌运动鞋。 (2)Inside the basket made of plastic, there is a bag of rice and ten apples. 在塑料篮子里有一袋大米和十个苹果。 (3)To be specific, the box is made of paper, inside which you can find a notebook, two English books, an English-Chinese dictionary and a pencil-box. 具体来说，盒子是纸制的，在里面找到一个笔记本、两本 英语书、一本英汉字典和一个文具盒。
(1)I/We hope to find the owner as soon as possible, so if you
are the very one I/we are looking for, please call me/us at... 我/我们希望尽快找到失主，所以如果你就是我/我们要找的 人，请拨打我的电话号码?? (2)I/We will be available at 9 a．m. or after 8 p．m. every day, or you can also contact me/us by emailing me/us at...
[写作内容] 发现时间 发现地点
2012 年 1 月 8 号晚上
物品 特征 联系电话
020-62043340, 13801106414 请提前预约
[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
范文诵读： Found On the evening of January 8th, 2012, I found an electronic dictionary in the English reading-room on the 3rd floor of the new library in our school. The electronic dictionary is new and metallic gray in color.What's more, it is as big as a piece of cake and as thin as a regular magazine. I hope to find the owner as soon as possible, so if you are the very one I am looking for, you can call me at 020-62043340 or 13801106414.Please make appointment in advance. Class 4, Senior 3 Li Ming
人物简介一般为记叙文体裁，其正文主要包括： 1.人物概况(age, sex, birth place and family background)
3.教育背景(education) 4.经历、生平(big events in his or her life) 5.对人物的评价(evaluation)
1.职位头衔：用同位语，年龄、性别与家境也可用同位语。 如： (1)Bruce, our English teacher, is from England and is about
40 years old.
布鲁斯是我们的英语老师，他来自英国，大约四十岁。 (2)She is Li Na, a girl of twenty. 她是李娜，一个 20 岁的女孩。
2.介绍出生：用分词结构，使文章简洁。如： Born in a poor clerk's family, Charles Dickens had little schooling. 出生在一个贫困的小职员家庭中，查尔斯· 狄更斯接受的
3.描写外貌：巧用 with 短语。如： He is tall and thin with a pair of glasses on his nose. 他又高又瘦，鼻子上总是架着一副眼镜。
(1)He wrote a famous book “Ben Cao Gang Mu”， which is
a collection of Chinese herbs and includes 2,000 Chinese herbs with millions of characters.(定语从句)
他写了一本著名的书《本草纲目》，它是一本中草药总集， 收录了近 2,000 种中草药，字数多达百万。 (2)He died in 1875, leaving the world more than 160 stories.(非谓语动词短语) 他于 1875 年去世，为世人留下了 160 个故事。
5.对人物的评价：尽量运用短语。如： (1)The people had come to love him as an inspiring leader. 人们爱戴他，把他作为一位精神领袖。 (2)Lei Feng has been praised for his communist spirit. 雷锋因他的共产主义精神而受到赞扬。 此外，还有一些常用的短语需要熟记： with the help of... 在??的帮助下 be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求 spend his childhood in... 在??度过他的童年 live a happy/hard life 过着幸福/艰苦的生活
graduate from 毕业于??
major in 主修 receive a doctor's degree 获得博士学位 go abroad for further studies 出国深造 devote his lifetime to... 把他毕生的时间都奉献给?? do sth. with great determination and perseverance 以极大的决心和毅力做某事 win a prize in... competition 在??比赛中获奖
make rapid progress in...在??取得快速进步
set sb. a good example 为某人树立一个好榜样 speak (think) highly of... 高度赞扬??
1.简况：孙淑伟(Sun Shuwei)，男，广东人； 2.训练项目：跳水(diving); 3．取得成绩：第十一届亚运会冠军，第六届世界游泳锦标 赛冠军(Swimming Championships)；
校里认真学习，在跳水队时认真训练，13 岁进入国家队，14 岁 夺得十一届亚运会金牌，15 岁成为第六届世界游泳锦标赛冠军，
[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
参考范文： Sun Shuwei ， a former world champion in diving ， is from Guangdong.He loved swimming when he was a small boy and at the age of eight he became a member of the di-ving team in Guangdong Province， where he studied hard at school and trained hard for five years before he came to the national team.A year later， he won a gold medal at the 11th Asia Games and became a world champion at the 6th world Swimming Championships when he was only 15.He became the national team's coach at the age of 26.He set a good example to us and we were all proud of him.
地点简介 介绍一个国家、地区或城市，一般应包括其地理位置、首 都或政府所在地、人口、气候、环境、物产及历史等。
1．地理位置 lie in/be located in/be situated in 位于，坐落于 in the center of/in the east of 在中心/在东部 2．人口 It has a population of.../With the population of... 人口是?? The population has reached... 人口达到??
3．历史 It has a history of.../With the history of...
4．占地面积 It covers/has an area of...square meters.占地??平方米 5．环境 with green hills and beautiful rivers 有着青山绿水
6．气候 neither too cold nor too hot 既不太冷也不太热 the climate varies from place to place 气候因地而异 7．物产 be rich in/be high in 盛产?? a city with much industry 一个工业城市
8．风景名胜 place of interest 风景名胜区 sth. attract/appeal to sb.某物吸引某人 sth. be so attractive/wonderful/appealing that... 某物是如此的吸引人，以至于??
It is famous for/as...??因为/作为??而著名 a place with many tourist attractions
Located in the middle of Shandong Peninsula, Weifang
covers an area of 15.9 square kilometers with a population of 8.63 million. 潍坊位于山东半岛中部，总面积达 1.59 万平方公里，人
口为 836 万。
As an outstanding tourist city with a long history in China,
the city is rich in both mineral resources and seafood products.
[写作内容] 概况 中国第三大城市；别称：五羊城、花城等；广东省省会； 全市面积 7434 平方公里；人口 1000 多万
历史 2200 多年历史的文化名城，历史上海上丝绸之路的始发港 地理 珠江从市中心穿过 气候 温暖湿润 旅游 风光旖旎，旅游资源丰富
[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2.短文的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。 Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. ... I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou.Thank you.
范文背诵： Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as Five-lamb City, Flower City and so on, serves as the capital city of Guangdong Province.This city covers a total area of 7,434 square kilometers with a population of more than ten million.Guangzhou, a famous city with a history of more than 2,200 years, is a starting port of the Silk Road on the sea in history.Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate.The beautiful city, well-known for its beautiful scenery, is also abundant in traveling resources. I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou.Thank you.
1．Tomb Sweeping Day usually falls on April 4－6 every year. 清明节通常是每年的 4 月 4 号到 6 号之间。 2.The Chinese Spring Festival comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year, which is usually in February. 中国的春节是农历年的第 1 天，通常在 2 月份。 3 ． It's in this special day that people mourn over their ancestors and remember their great contribution to the development of our society. 就是在这个特别的日子，人们悼念他们的祖先并纪念他们 为社会的发展所做的贡献。
Mike 请你在他们的校报上介绍一下中秋节的情况，请你根据下 表写一篇短文。
中秋节简介 时间 每年阴历八月十五，是中国最重要的传统节日之一。 范围 中国及亚洲其他一些国家都会庆祝。 人们认为满月是团圆、运气、财富的象征，在那天会 象征 互相表达祝福。 在那一天，人们通常回家与家人团聚，共聚晚餐。人 方式 们还会吃月饼，那是一种圆形的饼，里面有肉、果仁、 鸡蛋等。 [写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 2.参考词汇：阴历 the lunar calendar, 果仁 nut
范文诵读： The Mid-autumn Festival，which is one of the most important traditional festivals in China ， falls on August 15th of the Lunar
calendar every year.Not only is it popular in China but it is also
celebrated in many other Asian countries.People believe that full moon is a symbol of reunion，luck and fortune，and it is a custom to express best wishes to the beloved ones at this particular time.On
that day people usually go back home to have family reunion ，
enjoying a large meal with their family.They will also eat moon cakes，which are round cakes with meat，eggs，nuts and other things inside.
报道灾难事件 我们所说的灾难性事件，主要指 fire (火灾), flood (洪灾), drought ( 干旱), landslide ( 山崩), earthquake ( 地震), tsunami ( 海 啸), typhoon (台风), hurricane (飓风), tornado (龙卷风), volcanic
eruption (火山爆发), snowstorm (暴风雪)等。
过去时。 【必备词汇】 1．何事何地
an earthquake happened in/hit/struck...
(3)死亡：be killed/lose one's life/cause sb.'s death (4)电力中断：the electricity was cut off
(5)房屋倒塌：house collapse/fall down
(6)冲走房屋：wash away buildings (7)成为废墟：be in ruins; fall into ruins (8)造成经济损失：cause economic losses
3．救援捐赠 (1)受灾地区：stricken district/area (2)救灾工作：rescue work (3)恢复正常：return to normal (4)地震灾民：the victims of the earthquake (5)被困人员：trapped people (6)拯救：rescue... from (7)呼吁人们捐赠：call on people to make donations
2011 年 3 月 11 日，日本发生了大地震并引发了海啸，引
起了全世界人民的关注。以下是这一灾难事件的基本情况。 时间 震中 影响 2011 年 3 月 11 日 13 时 日本本州岛(Honshu Island)东北 130 公里处 1.截止至 3 月 16 日，死亡人数已超过 4000 人， 有 8000 人失踪； 2．强海啸和核电站反应堆(reactor)爆炸。
1.国际社会积极提供援助； 各界反应 2．世界卫生组织(WHO)表示到目前为止未发现核 辐射对其他国家的影响。
[写作内容] 请你根据以上内容给学校广播站写一篇英语简讯，内容包 括： 1.地震发生的时间、震中地点； 2.地震的影响和各界对此次地震的反应； 3.你的态度。 [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
A big earthquake hit Japan 130 kilometers off the northeast coast of Honshu Island at 1 p ． m.on March 11, 2011.The strong tsunami along with it had caused more than 4,000 deaths and 8,000 people missing by March 16.After the quake, a lot of
countries have promised to provide with relief support.Though
the reactors in the nuclear power station continued to explode, there have been no other countries influenced by nuclear radiation by
now, according to the WHO. I think we all should put down the prejudice between China and Japan and be united to reduce the damage.
兴趣爱好 本话题主要指对音乐、舞蹈、表演、体育运动、游戏(包括 网络游戏)、集邮、阅读、烹饪、看电影、看电视、听收音机、
surf the Internet 上网 chat online 在线聊天 enjoy popular music 喜欢流行音乐 be fond of/be keen on/go in for 喜欢/爱好?? have some hobbies 有一些爱好
be interested in/show interest in/take an interest in 对??感兴趣
be crazy about 对??着迷
develop a great liking for 渐渐爱上?? prefer...to...宁愿??而不愿??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短
文。 Good hobbies can bring a lot of pleasure to kids and their parents.Hobbies are things that a person likes to do in his spare
time.Some kids like swimming or playing sports, while others may
like quieter hobbies such as reading, music, cooking, computer games or board games (棋类游戏)．Older kids who can read might enjoy the guitar or the piano, while younger ones might enjoy playing the toy drums and singing along.
Good hobbies for kids can be any type of activity that is
beneficial for their over-all growth and has been proven to help
them later in life, including self-confidence and any skills that they might learn.When choosing hobbies, pa-rents should remember not to push kids too hard, otherwise they might give up before they really try the hobbies.Also you should give your kids the right to choose hobbies by themselves. Good hobbies are something that will grow with your kids, stretching (使发挥全部本领) and challenging them enough to keep
them interested, but do not take them away from their school
work.Instead, good hobbies can help to improve their homework.
假设你要给某周报的英语写作栏投稿，请你就“My hobby” 这一话题准备你的稿件。请认真阅读上面的材料，然后完成以 下任务。 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容；
2.以约 120 词就“My hobby”这个主题发表你的看法，内容
1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅 读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
范文诵读： My Hobby
Good hobbies, which are activities a person likes to do in his
spare time can benefit his growth and amuse him.Meanwhile good hobbies will be accompanied with the growth of kids. As for me, what I like most is singing.I began to sing songs when I was very young.I showed great interest in music then, because my uncle often taught me some songs, which were good to listen to and easy to sing.
As I grew up, my music teacher found that I had a good voice,
so she advised me to study vocal music in the Children's
Palace.From then on, I began my vocal music training.I practiced how to produce sounds and how to make our expressions more
natural and more pleasing.I won one award after another in several
As time went by, I still take singing as my hobby since I
find music is the interest that is missing in the exams.When I am stressful and bored, it is music that helps me live through these tough hours.Enjoying music, I live a happy life.
说明计划 【技巧点拨】 1.当计划或打算要做的有几件事情时，为使前后衔接得更
加紧密，可用 first, then, next, finally 等表示时间先后的词；若不
体现动作先后，只是说明计划要做些什么事，也可用first of all, to begin with, what's more, in addition, lastly 等表示列举的关联词。 2.因为是计划或打算，故要用一般将来时。
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短
文。 China news, Shanghai, October 8—According to a random survey covering 3,800 elementary and secondary school students in
Shanghai, the two groups of students have very different career outlooks.Most pupils dream of starting their own business after
graduation, while high school students long for freelancing (自由 职业)．
“It's so cool to be your own boss, and you can decide when
to start a day's work ，” said Jay (not his real name), a fifth grade
pupil.The hottest topic between him and his classmates is usually about their future careers, and many of them have already had a
thorough plan for the future.Jay says that he will start his business with his friends in a few years after graduating from college, when he will have already accumulated some money. High school students' choices tend to be more reasonable.Some of them say they will take an ordinary full-time job, while many of them also appreciate the freedom of free-lancing; however, most of them will think twice before starting their own businesses, as it is
extremely difficult to start a career from scratch (忙乱)．
[写作内容] 上面这篇文章来自中国新闻网，请你读后以一名学生的身 份在中国新闻网发表意见栏上写一篇文章，要包含以下要点： 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2.以约 120 词谈谈你将来的就业意向，内容包括： (1)你打算以后干什么？说出你选择的理由； (2)为了将来的事业，你现在应该怎么做。
[写作要求] 1.作文中可使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读 材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子；
According to a survey，some elementary and secondary school students in Shanghai hope to start their own bu-siness in the future while others ， especially high school students ， prefer to take an ordinary job. I dream of being an excellent doctor after I graduate from university.First， I am told that to be a doctor， I can have a very good income.We have to admit that money is important.With it， I
can live more comfortably and provide my child with a better
environment.If I have enough money ， I can also help the
poor.More importantly， doctors are angels to the patients， who can help the sick get rid of pain and suffering or even give a second life to the dying.I can't imagine how great I will feel when seeing a patient recover from the illness and live happily again because of my help. Now what I should do is to study hard to make sure I can enter
a famous medicine university ， where I can learn the required
knowledge and skills to be a good doctor.
叙述事件或活动 【技巧点拨】 叙述活动或事件的过程属于记叙文，包括日记和游记。写 作时应注意以下几点： 1.一般应包括记叙文的六要素。如游记，一般包括旅游的 时间(when)、地点(where)、参加的人员(who)、交通工具(how)、 所见所闻(what)以及感受和体会(feeling)。 2.一般用过去时，但也要灵活使用其他时态。如描写景色 和议论时，可用一般现在时；表示个人感想、打算或决心时， 可用一般将来时。 3.以时间或地点为线索，描述事件或活动过程。
【实用套语】 1．Today I paid a visit to...with my...
2．Time passed before we knew it, so we had to...
3．How happy/glad/excited I feel today! 今天我是多么高兴啊！
[写作内容] 请根据以下内容提示，写一篇英文日记(题头已写好)。 活动项目 与同学去东水山野餐。
时间安排 9 月 20 日星期三早上在校门口集合，7 点出发。 活动过程 骑车到达山脚，一小时后爬上山顶，领略美景。
照相、唱歌、做游戏、下棋等，玩得很开心。3 活动内容 点午餐后觉得很累，就下山回家了。
[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 Cloudy September 20th, Wednesday 范文诵读： September 20th， Wednesday Cloudy Today my classmates and I went to East Water Mountain and had a picnic. All of us set off at seven from our school gate and rode to the foot of the mountain.After an hour's climbing，we reached the top of the mountain and enjoyed the beautiful scenery.Running，jumping ， singing，playing chess and taking photos，we had a wonderful time there. After the picnic lunch at three，we felt very tired，so we went down the mountain and came home.
发表看法 读写任务常常在概括上文内容要点后，要求考生对作者的 某一观点发表看法。考生对此观点既可以表示赞成，也可以表 示反对，但不论赞成或反对都应简单说明理由，最后还可重申
(1)I firmly support the view that... There are two factors
contributing to this point.In the first place, ...In the second place, ...Therefore, there's no doubt that... 我坚决支持这个观点??有两个因素让我支持这个观点。 第一??第二??因此，毫无疑问?? (2)As far as I am concerned, I can't agree more with...I hold my view for the reason...So it goes without saying that... 就我而言，我完全同意??其理由是??因此，不用说??
(3)I fully agree with his statement that... mainly because... 我 完全赞同他??的说法，主要是因为?? (4)From my point of view, I am in favor of the idea that...依我 之见，我赞成?? (5)What the writer said sounds reasonable. 作者所说的听起来很合理。 (6)I'm for the writer's idea that... 我支持作者的观点??
(1)Personally speaking, I strongly argue against the idea that...
It is not only because...but also because... 就本人而言，我强烈反对??不但因为??而且因为??
(2)To be frank, I can not support the opinion.My argument for this view goes as follows.For one thing... For another...
(3)From my point of view, I oppose the idea/statement that...
For one thing...For another... 依我看，我反对??一是??二是??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短
文。 Teenagers' secrets should be kept to themselves and no one else, their parents included, has the right to stick their nose into their private life. As we know, teenagers are going through a special period of development both physically and psychologically.They are curious about and puzzled by the unexpected changes in their body and mind.What's more, exposed to a world of adults, it is only too natural for them to begin imitating adults' behaviors in secret.Boys begin to smoke and girls begin to spend time doing their hair and
care more about what to wear.Some even begin to date with a girlfriend or boyfriend without letting their parents know.They are doing all this in secret because they are still unsure whether it is right to do so and afraid that, if found out by their parent, they will get misunderstood and even pu-nished.In fact, in many cases, parents can not deal with such matters well but hurt their children's feelings badly, making children unwilling to communicate with them any more.When this happens, it hurts terribly feelings of the family as well.Therefore, it sounds reasonable and acceptable that teenagers should keep their secrets to themselves instead of sharing them with their parents, who should give them the freedom in dealing with secrets.
1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2.以约 120 词就“青少年的秘密该不该与父母分享”这一 话题发表你的看法，内容包括： (1)你是支持还是反对与父母分享秘密？ (2)你支持或反对的理由是什么？ (3)结合你的实际， 谈谈你是具体怎么做的。 [写作要求] 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅 读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
Teenagers' Secrets Should be Shared with Their Parents Many teenagers have their own secrets but their pa-rents
always want to know them, which will probably hurt children's
feelings.As a result, they won't like to share their secrets with their parents.
Oppositely, I insist that teenagers' secrets should be shared by their parents.For one thing, parents are the closest relatives in the world, who trying every possible means to do good to their
children, should be respected and trusted.For another, lack of
experience, teenagers need some help and support in making decisions or solving problems.If many of the secrets are kept to
children themselves, they may do unimaginable harm in the long run.
Speaking from my experience, I always let my pa-rents know my secrets, like a close friend.In return they appreciate my attitude
so much that they are always ready to offer me valuable advice,
which benefits me a lot in this special time of development.
赞成反对型 【谋篇布局】 提出问题→赞成及理由→反对及理由→你的看法 【实用套语】 1．The topic of... (主题) is becoming more and more popular recently.There are two sides of opinions about it.Some people say A
is their favorite.They hold their view for the reason of...(支持 A 的
理由一) What is more, ...(理由二) Moreover, ...(理由三) 近来??话题变得越来越流行。关于这个话题有两方观 点。一些人倾向于 A，他们认为??其次??然后??
2．While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly, ... (支持 B 的理由一) Secondly/Besides, ...
(理由二) Thirdly/Finally, ... (理由三)
而另一些人认为 B 更好。理由有三：首先??其次?? 最后?? 3．From my point of view, I think... (我的观点) The reason is that... ( 原因) As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. 依我看来，我认为??原因是??事实上，还有其他一些 原因让我支持这个观点。
于学生网上交友的短文，介绍人们的不同观点，并表达自己的 看法。 [写作内容] 赞成的理由 1 ．广交朋友 反对的理由 1 ．浪费时间 你的看法
[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 2. 参考词汇：网络朋友 online friend(s); 上当受骗 be/get cheated
范文诵读： There are different opinions about/Different people have different opinions on whether the students should make friends
online.Some people hold the opinion that the Internet helps to
make friends and by chatting online, students can more freely express their feelings and opi-nions.What's more/Besides/In
addition, they can help them with their foreign language
studies.However, other people hold the opposite opinion that it will take students a lot of time to make friends online, so it will
have a negative influence on their study and what's worse, they
may get cheated by online friends.
As for me, I think that students should be allowed to make
friends online but should also continue to concentrate on their studies./As far as I am concerned, students can make friends
online by making a good balance between study and relaxation./It
is my opinion that students should place their studies, health and safety before other things and if they desire to find good friends,
they can make friends with those people around them.
1.I do think handwriting is still important today. 我的确认为书法在今天依然重要。 2.Modesty is of great significance in our life. 谦虚在我们的生活中很重要。 3.Hobbies and interests play an important role in one's growing. 兴趣和爱好在一个人的成长过程中起着重要的作用。
4.I think it is very important for parents to cultivate their
children's independence. Firstly, ... (理由一) Secondly, ...(理由二)
我认为，对家长来说培养孩子的独立性非常重要。首先?? 其次??最后?? 5.Protecting water is of great importance to the life in the future. First and foremost, ... (理由一) Secondly, ... (理由二) Only by protecting our valuable water resource, can we... (总结) 保护水资源对未来生活非常重要。首先??其次??只有 保护我们珍贵的水资源，我们才能??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短 文。 I have a friend Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch ( 牧马 场) in San Yoshiro.When he was a senior, he was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up.The next day he handed it in to the teacher.On the front was a large red
F．The boy with the dream asked, “Why did I receive an F？”
The teacher said, “This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like you.You have no money.You come from an itinerant (四处
奔 波 的 ) family.You have no resources.Owning a horse ranch
requires a lot of money.You have to buy the land.You have to pay for the original breeding stock and later you'll have to pay large stud fees.There's no way you could ever do it.”
He stated, “You can keep the F and I'll keep my dream.” The best part of the story is that two summers ago that same schoolteacher brought 30 kids to camp out on his ranch for a
week.When the teacher was leaving, he said, “Look, Monty, I can tell you this now.When I was your teacher, I was something of a dream stealer.During those years I stole a lot of kids' dreams.Fortunately you had enough belief not to give up on yours.”
学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动，你参加其中的 “坚守信念”的讨论。读完 Monty Roberts 的故事之后，你准
备写一份发言稿，题目是 “Belief can change one's fate”，内容要 点包括：
1.以约 30 词概括 Monty Roberts 的成长故事；
2.以约 120 词谈谈你对信念的看法，内容包括： (1)坚守信念对一个人成长的重要性； (2)举一两个例子去论证“坚守信念能改变人的命运”； (3)你的感想。
范文诵读： This passage tells us that Monty Roberts, who had such strong belief that he didn't give up his dream all the time, eventually succeeded in owning a horse ranch.
For a person, belief always plays an important role in his
life.As a saying goes, “Where there is a will, there is a way.” Anyone who has strong belief can enjoy a colorful life.Otherwise, he will lose himself in his way of life.
Belief is so important that it can change one's fate. As a deaf man, Beethoven went on working with his strong belief in the
last year of his life, though he was not able to hear his own fine
music.Marie Curie, a famous scientist, also had set a good example.In 1898, Marie found a new element in the pitchblende.In order to improve her disco-very, Marie and her husband worked hard.At last they saw the dim blue light of new element-radium.Her dream had come true. From my personal point of view, it can be seen that one with firmly-held belief is likely to get successful and master his own life.
分析原因 分析原因就是解释现象，即在指出一种社会现象后，逐条 分析产生这种现象的原因。另外，在论证观点时，其表述形式 也与此相似，即在提出一种观点后，往往需要一条一条地列出 具体的理由，以证明自己的观点。
1.The reason why...is that...??的原因是?? 2.There are three reasons for... ??有三个原因。
3.There are several reasons that contribute to... 有几个原因促成?? 4.My views are based on the following reasons. First of
all, ...Secondly ...Finally, ...
5.Reasons for this are varied. Some people think...Others think...
产生这种现象的原因是多种多样的。一些人认为??而另 一些人认为?? 6.I firmly support the view that...because...In addition, ...我坚 决支持??观点，因为??另外??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短 文。 Drunk driving has been written into a new draft law to China's
Criminal Law as a crime, as part of the country's efforts to make its
The draft law states that drunk driving is against the Criminal
Law and drunk drivers would be detained (拘留) and fined.
Currently, those suspected of drunk driving, if no serious consequences such as road accidents are caused, are not charged
with criminal offences ( 刑事犯罪) ．According to the road traffic
safety law, drunk drivers will face up to 15 days in detention and their driving licenses will be suspended from one to six months.Meanwhile, drivers will have to pay a fine ranging from
200 yuan (30 U．S.dollars) to 2,000 yuan.On the other hand, when
drunk driving has become vital or has caused “serious
consequences”， drivers are ruled to be committing traffic crimes
or crimes against public security and receive jail terms ranging from no more than three years detention or more than seven years impri-sonment.
The latest law emphasizes that drunk driving, even if it has caused no road accidents or other serious consequences, would be charged with a criminal offence. Drunk driving has been heavily criticized by the public.The law is a response to increase calls for more severe punishment of dangerous driving on Chinese roads.
1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 一篇短文，内容包括： (1)酒后驾驶现象普遍的原因； (2)酒后驾驶产生的后果； (3)你对防治酒后驾驶的建议。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也 可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
2.以约 120 词就“Say Goodbye to Drunk Driving”这一主题写
范文诵读： Say Goodbye to Drunk Driving Drunk driving will be charged as a crime in the new law
though no road accidents or other serious consequences have been
caused.According to the law, drunk drivers will receive much more severe punishment than present. With the rapid development of economic society，private cars
have already been popular and important vehicles.The popularization
of private cars ，however ，has brought about more and more car accidents ， most of which are caused by drunk driving.China's
traditional wine culture contributes to this.Moreover，the lack of the
safety awareness is the direct reason why there exists too much illegal drunk driving. Drunk driving is one of the most terrible things for the pedestrians and other vehicles.Traffic accidents from drunk driving
are the dual tragedies，which lead to the legal penalty to the drivers
and cause great harm to our society，families and individuals. From my point of view ，it is necessary that the government
should schedule some educational programs to strengthen the
awareness of public traffic safety.What's more ， strict regulations
and laws should be made to offer more severe punishment on drunk drivers.
提出建议 【谋篇布局】 引出建议→列举建议和理由(→希望) 【实用套语】
1.引出建议可用： (1)Here are my suggestions on how to... 这是我的关于如何??的建议。 (2)Suggestions on...can be listed as follows. 关于??的建议可列举如下。 (3)The ways for you to...can be suggested as follows. 你 做??的方法可参照下面的建议。
2.列举建议可用： (1)first of all/first/to begin with; second(ly)/then/besides/in addition/what's more; finally/lastly/last but not least 首先/其次/最 后 (2)for one thing...and for another (thing) 一方面??另一方面?? 3.在列举的建议后常常会用起补充说明作用的分词短语、 定语从句等说明提出此建议的理由或原因。
假如你是李明，你跟你的朋友 Paul 聊天，他表示学习压力
很大，请你给他写封信，给他提一些建议。 [写作内容] 1．将自己的问题告诉老师和同学，请求得到他们的帮助； 这样就会给自己自信； 3．多做运动，运动可以帮助自己缓解压力，并且有助于睡 眠； 4．你对他的祝福。
1．只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2．信的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。 Dear Paul，
I quite sympathize with you and understand the great trouble you are suffering from.
... Yours sincerely， Li Ming
范文诵读： Dear Paul， I quite sympathize with you and understand the great tro uble you are suffering from.I suggest you communicate your trouble to your teachers and classmates so as to get help from them.You are not supposed to think about your exams all the time, which only makes you more stressed out.Instead, you should think about the progress you have made in your study, which will surely increase your own confidence.In addition, I advise you to do more exercise in your spare time to relieve your stress, because sports will also help you sleep better at night. I hope you will get out of your trouble sooner and live happily. Yours sincerely， Li Ming
【技巧点拨】 问题解决型写作要点通常是针对某一社会问题，要求考生 提出解决方案或应对措施。这类作文给出的问题通常是当今社 会的热点话题。我们可以采用“综述问题→提出解决办法→结 论”的结构。
1．综述问题 In recent days, we have to face a problem that... 近来，我们面临这样一个问题?? 2．解决办法 With the help of..., we now have many means to solve it.By doing..., we can...What's the most important is that... 在??的帮助下，我们现在有很多办法来解决。通过??
3．结论 In a word, it is clear/obvious that...Only when...can we...总之， 很明显??只有??才能?? 4．解决交通堵塞 To solve the problem of heavy traffic, effective measures should be taken.( 修路拓宽) First of all, more new roads should be constructed, and the old and narrow streets should be widened and expanded.( 改 善 公 交 ) Moreover, our government should increase public vehicles.More bus routes should be opened up because buses can carry more passengers.(鼓励骑车) Lastly, riding bicycles should be encouraged.Only when the traffic problem is solved can we lead an easy life.
Therefore, it is time we took effective measures to solve this problem.( 年 轻 人 方 面 ) On one hand, young people should be fully aware of the danger of indugence of compu-ter games.( 游戏 室方面) On the other hand, illegal compu-ter game houses should be banned.
的短文。 [写作内容] 主题 保护环境，节约资源，人人有责 1.节约用水，尽量重复利用水资源； 2．节约用电，做到人走灯灭； 措施 3．冬季尽量不使用冰箱，减少二氧化碳的排放； 4．保护好手中的教材，留给下一年级的学生使用； 5．植树，垃圾分类以便循环利用。
[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。
We all live on the earth；however，human activities are seriously damaging it， so we must take measures to protect it in no time.Firstly， we can save water by trying to use the water again and save electricity by turning lights off when we don't use them.Secondly，we should try not to use the refrigerator especially in winter in order to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide.Thirdly ， we should try to keep the textbooks we use well and give them to the students next year.Finally， we can also do many other things such as planting trees ，and sorting our rubbish for recycling.
观点论证 【技巧点拨】 观点论证也就是议论文的主要内容，作者提出某个观点， 然后通过摆事实、讲道理等方式阐明理由，证明自己的观点，
1.提出论点 (1)In my opinion, no...is more important than...
在我看来，没有??比??更重要。 (2)It is, of course, not right for...to do... 当然，对??来说，做??是不正确的。 2.得出结论 (1)And only...can we...只有??我们才能??
(2)So if possible, I'll...所以如果可能的话，我会??
(3)All in all...总之??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短 文。 Newspapers and the Internet Since the arrival of newspapers the world has greatly changed in many ways.With a sheet of newspaper in hand, one is
able to keep up with the latest news around the world without even
having to leave his house.Nowadays, how-ever, the newspaper is more and more in the danger of being replaced by the rising IT
industry or World Wide Web, and for many young people,
newspapers have become a thing of the past.
It seems the function of newspaper cannot be compared to those of the Internet in at least three ways. First, the newspaper is no match for the Internet in
speed.Information of any kind can travel through the Internet at a
speed of up to 300,000,000 meters per second.In a world where time means money, the newspaper is sure to lose for this reason
Second, information carried by the Internet can take the form of sound, live show, and even interaction between the program and
the audience.In a newspaper, only few photographs could be seen
in news stories surrounded by black words.As you can see, the Internet gives us a much more colorful description of the world than the newspaper.
Last but not least, the technology used in the Internet makes
it possible for us to get a more objective and matter-of-fact point of view.On the Internet, we can read details of news that are absent in
In a word, though the newspaper is still used by many as a main provider of news, it will give way to the Internet sooner or later.
[写作内容] 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2.以约 120 词就“我喜欢的获取信息的途径”这一主题发 表你的看法，内容包括： (1)表明你的观点，你宁愿选择报纸还是互联网来获取信 息？
范文诵读： I Prefer Newspapers to the Internet The writer thinks newspapers will be replaced by the Internet
as the main provider of information and gives three reasons or facts
to support his/her opinion. Yes, the Internet does have the advantages mentioned, but
that is just one side.Like many students, I still prefer newspapers
to the Internet.Why? First, articles and reports in newspapers are generally better written, more serious, and more reliable than those
on the Internet.Se-cond, we feel it safer to read newspapers.In
reading a newspaper we can keep away from information not intended for children, while it is hardly possible on the Internet, where unhealthy information or pictures simply “jump out” to catch your attention.Finally, love of newspapers makes you a knowledgeable student, while love of the Internet often makes you an addicted and lazy student.So I am sure to choose newspapers.
列举个例 【概括方法】 这里说的“列举个例”是指在一类、一些事物中举出 其中的一个或几个例子，即通常在一个复数名词后用介词
such as (诸如??之类的，例如), like (例如)等列出其中的
具体个例(名词或动名词)。这里的“like/such as＋名词或动 名词”可以理解为在句中作定语。
注意：虽然 for example 有时也引出表示具体个例的名 词，但多用来引出句子、段落或动词不定式等，相当于“举 证”，即举个事例来证明前面所陈述的观点。关于“举例
【实用套语】 1 ． Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. 现在，能源可以从多种资源中获取，如石油、煤、天 然气、太阳能、风能和海洋潮汐。
2 ． After class we enjoy all kinds of activities, such as
doing sport, doing experiments or surfing the Internet.
课后我们有各种各样的活动，如做运动，做实验，或 者上网。 3 ． Besides running, we can do many sports such as mor-ning exercises, playing ping-pong ball and playing basketball, but it shouldn't take up too much time. 除了跑步，我们还可以做许多运动，如早操、打乒乓 球、打篮球，但不要占用太多时间。
4．This program will cover topics like history, education, scenic sports, foods and famous people of Foshan.
5 ． Middle school students from all over Guangzhou performed all kinds of programs, like English songs, English short plays and English stories. 来自整个广州的中学生表演了各种各样的节目，如英 语歌曲、英语短剧和英语故事。
6 ． Students in China should make better use of their
holiday.Apart from reading, they may spare some time to get close to nature and learn through experience, for example, visiting museums. 中国学生应当更好地利用他们的假期。除了阅读，他 们可以花些时间去亲近大自然并且通过实践来学习，如参 观博物馆。
假如你是李华，现在就读于英国一所高中，是一名交 流学生。你要回信告诉你中国同学贾奇有关英国高中生课 余时间打工的情况，并谈谈你对高中生课余时间打工的看 法。
[写作内容] 年龄规定 15 岁以上的高中生 每天不超过 3 个小时，每周 18 小时以 时间限制 内；晚上工作不得迟于 7 点 1.可获得一些基本的工作技能，如填表、 应对面试和与人交往 2.学会如何理财，增强自信心和独立性 3.有利于积累工作经验和提高责任感
1．只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2．信的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。
Dear Jia Qi,
Very glad to have received your letter.Now I'll tell you something about senior high school students' taking the
part-time jobs in Britain.
... Looking forward to your letter.
Best wishes. Yours，
Dear Jia Qi, Very glad to have received your letter.Now I'll tell you Something about senior high school students’ taking the part-time jobs in Britain.In the UK, any high school student over 15 can get a part-time job in his spare time.But they can work no more than three hours a day or 18 hours a week, and
they are not allowed to work after 7 p．m.
In my opinion, taking a part-time job is beneficial, for
teenagers can gain some basic working skills such as how to fill in an application form, how to do well in an interview and
how to get along well with their co-workers and bosses.What's
more, students are provided with a chance to learn to deal
with their money properly, helping them build up their confidence and solve problems more independently when
faced with difficulties.Above all, taking a part-time job can
help them accumulate working experience as well as cultivate a sense of responsibility. Looking forward to your letter. Best wishes. Yours， Li Hua
举例说明 【技巧点拨】 举例说明就是通过举例子来证明某种观点，阐明某种
1．However,there are other ways to make students work hard.For example,teachers can reward us with small gifts if
we do a good job. 然而，有其他方法让学生们努力学习。例如，老师可 以在我们取得成绩的时候给我们一些小礼物作为奖励。
2 ． A good parent should possess some good qualities, especially when facing her children.Take my mother,a model parent, as an example. 一位好的家长应该具备一些好的品质，特别是面对孩 子的时候。以我的母亲——一位典型的家长来做典例。
3．There is no denying that confidence plays an important role in our life. A convincing example that jumps into my mind is about speaking English.
4．Such examples can be seen easily in our daily life.A
good case in point is...
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英 语短文。 When a lion was asleep, a little mouse began running up and down beside him and made some noise. This soon woke the lion.Losing his temper, he caught the mouse in his paws
and was about to kill it.The mouse, terrified, pleaded to the
lion to spare its life.
“Please let me go， ” It cried, “ and one day I will repay you for your kindness.” This idea of so small a creature ever being able to do anything for him amused the lion so much that he laughed aloud.He thought, “How could this little mouse help me ？ ” However, he lifted his paws and let it go. But the mouse's chance came after all.A few days la-ter, when the lion was wandering in the forest, he was caught in a trap. The hunters wanted to take him alive to the king, so they tied him to a tree, and went away to look for a wagon. Just then the little mouse passed by, and saw the sad lion. It went up to him and soon gnawed away ( 啃断) the ropes. “ Was I right ？ ” asked the little mouse. This lion nodded his head and thanked the little mouse.
1．以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容；
2．以约 120 词就“勿以善小而不为”的主题发表看 法，内容包括： (1)该故事给你什么启示？ (2)你认为生活中的小善能带来大作用吗？ (3)请举例说明。
[写作要求] 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参 照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子；
范文诵读： A mouse begged an lion， who was woken up by him， to spare his life.Later， the mouse helped the lion by gnawing the ropes. After reading this story ， I came to realize that people should never ignore the deed of small kindness.Small good deeds sometimes may get big return or make a great diffe-rence！
( 要证明的观点)I fully agree that trivial things play an
important part in our life.( 引出例子)Such examples can be
seen easily in our daily life.A good case in point is， as we
can see ， a word of encouragement from a sincere teacher often changes a downhearted student's idea and behavior.Another example is that a warm smile to someone who loses courage and wants to commit suicide may comfort
him， cheer him up through the darkest night in his life.
In a word ， it is the trivial things in daily life that count.Just as the famous saying goes， do not think any virtue trivial， and so neglect it； do not think any vice trivial， and so practice it.
今昔对比 【谋篇布局】 1．开门见山地交待什么事情在什么时候发生了什么样 的变化。 2．用具体的事例进行对比阐述今昔变化。
【实用套语】 1．总述何时何地发生了变化 多以 changes 作主语，用 take place 的现在完成时态。 (1)Great changes have taken place in my hometown in the last five years.近五年来，我的家乡发生了巨变。 (2)Over the past twenty years or so, great changes have taken place in our life. 在过去约 20 年的时间里，我们的生活发生了巨变。 (3)Things have begun to improve since schools were called on to reduce learning load. 自从号召学校减负以来，情况有了好转。
2．通过今昔对比描述具体变化 (1)...used to..., but now... ??曾经??，但现在??
(2)...in the past, but now...过去??，但现在??
(3)Once..., but now...曾经??，但现在?? (4)Things are different now.现在情况不同了。 (5)But now, everything has changed. 但现在，一切都改变了。
有时在指出变化的同时，还需简单分析变化原因。如： The reasons for these changes are that people's living standard has been improved greatly and they prefer a high-quality and colorful life. 这些改变的原因是人们的生活水平大幅提高，而且人 们追求多彩的高质量的生活。 3．结尾常用句型 最后，总结变化结果，或对不利的变化结果提出解决 建议。如：
(1)In short, changes in our life in the past twenty years
have brought us comfort and convenience.
总之，过去 20 年里我们生活的变化给我们带来了便利 和舒适。 (2)In a word, people now have an easier life today. 总之，人们今天的生活比以前便利了。 (3)I suggest the government take immediate measures to solve the problem of pollution to improve the environment.我 建议政府马上采取措施解决污染问题，改善环境。
请按照以下 6 幅图的提示，写一篇题为“Changes in Our
[写作内容] 1．通讯方式的变化； 2．获取新闻信息方式的变化； 3．住房条件的变化； 4．变化结果所带来的影响。 [写作要求]
1．只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2．短文的开头已经给出，不计入总句数。 Changes in Our Life Over the past twenty years or so, great changes have taken place in our life.Take my family for example. ...
范文诵读： Changes in Our Life ( 总述变化 )Over the past twenty years or so, great changes have taken place in our life.Take my family for example.(事例对比)My parents contacted others mainly by sending them letters in the past, but
now we make long distance calls at home.And once my parents listened to
the radio for news and other information, but now we watch news and other programs on TV or on the Internet. Another big change is in the housing conditions.When they got married about twenty years ago, my
parents lived in a small room crowded with furniture, but now we have
moved into a big new three-room apartment.(结尾：影响)In short, changes in our life in the past twenty years have bought us comfort and convenience.
利弊对比 【实用套语】 1．Evidently, ...have both negative and positive aspects. On one hand, ...On the other hand, ... 显然，??都有正反两面。一方面，??另一方面，??
2．Its advantage can be listed as follows.For one thing, ... For another, ...However, just as a popular saying goes, “every coin has two sides”， ...is no exception, and in other words, it still has its negative aspects.To begin with, ...In addition, ... 它的优点可以列举如下：一方面，??另一方面，??
3．Just as the old saying goes, there is no garden without weeds, and so does ... On the one hand , ...On the other hand, ...Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive
aspects overweigh the negative ones.Therefore, I would like
to... 正如古语说的，没有一个花园没有杂草，??也是这 样。一方面，??另一方面，??通过上面的分析，我相 信积极的方面超过消极的方面，因此，我愿意??
4．Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows.
First...Second...But every coin has two sides.Obviously, it
has some disadvantages, one of which is that...To make things worse, ...For the comparison between these positive
and negative effects of...we know that its advantages far
outweigh its disadvantages.Therefore, we should... 大体来说，它的优点如下：首先，??第二，??但
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英 语短文。
Human life can not continue without science and
technology.For many years, human society has developed with the advance of science and technology while the
development of science and technology has in turn brought
the progress to mankind.So the life we are living now is more civilized than that of our forefathers.
Science is important to most people living in the mo-dern world.Science is important to world peace, to the
understanding of technology, and to our understanding of the natural world.Some areas of science are especially interesting because they deal with questions all men and women ask themselves.Science tries to provide some explanations for what happens to people.
Science is hard to study.One of the reasons is that there are so many questions without answers.Much science involves asking questions, and then studying and doing research to try
to find the answers.Some questions have been studied by research scientists for many years, and the answers are still not known.However, scientists are slowly but surely able to answer more and more questions about life, and these answers change our lives and also explain them. All of the many different kinds of science are important and interesting.Scientists are asking and answering many interesting and important questions about people and their lives.A basic knowledge of science can help you to understand both the questions and the answers.In the modern world, this ability is essential to everyone.
[写作内容] 1．以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 词就“科技给人们生活带来了什么”的主 题发表看法，内容包括： (1)科技给人们带来许多好处； (2)科技也给人们带来诸多麻烦； (3)你的看法。
[写作要求] 1．作文中可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论 点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中
The author puts stress on the importance of science and
technology in this passage.Though they are difficult to study, many scientists devote themselves to the research of science
On one hand, the development of science and techno-logy has brought about many changes in people's life.For example, we now live comfortably and conveniently in houses furnished with air conditioners, washing machines and televisions etc.And we can travel long distances within
hours by plane, train or car.Owing to the invention of
spaceship and rocket, the dream of man's landing on the moon has now come true.
On the other hand, science and technology have also
brought us much trouble.For example, because of the development of industry, lots of the wastes from factories
pour into the air and rivers, causing pollution of all kinds.
In my opinion, its advantages far outweigh its disadvantages.As long as we use science and technology in a
proper way and avoid some problems, they may bring us even
观点对比 【实用套语】 1 ． Different people have different opinions on...Some people think...because...However, others think for reason that... 不同的人对??有不太的看法。有些人认为??因 为??然而，其他人认为??
2．Opinions are various for this.Some believe that while others argue that...Still others maintain that... 对于此事有不同的看法。有些人相信，但另外一些人 对此有争论，认为??还有些人认为?? 3．There are different opinions on how to...Many people take...seriously, while few treat as... 对于??有不同的意见。许多人重视??，然而也有 少数人??
4．Opinions vary from person to person.The majority of the people are in favour of...The rest of them are against...
人反对?? 5 ． When it comes to...some people think that...On the other hand, others argue that... 但谈及??一些人认为??另一方面，其他人对此有 异议，认为??
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英 语短文。
Health or Wealth?
Which is more important, health or wealth? When given this question, different people have varied answers.Some insist that health plays a more important role in our life, while others see more advantages arising from wealth. The first group of people quote the old saying “Health is above wealth” to prove their idea.They argue that, on the one hand, a strong
person can do almost anything as long as he/she tries hard.On the
other hand, however, rich people will not be able to enjoy the wealth if their days are numbered.
In contrast, the supporters of wealth have such arguments as
follows.For one thing, wealthy people will be able to buy more
healthful foods.For another, they can enjoy better facilities to improve
their health.Take my neighbor, Lao Wang, as an example.He had a
heart attack and is in hospital.However, he cannot afford the expensive operation, which costs as much as 100,000 yuan.Therefore, he has to lie in bed hopelessly.If he were a rich man, his life could be saved. As far as I am concerned, both health and wealth are important to our life.We should try to strike a balance between them and gain wealth with a healthy body.
1．以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 词就“健康或财富”的主题发表看法，内 容包括： (1)你身边的人对健康或财富的态度； (2)你的看法。 [写作要求]
【答案解析】 范文诵读： Wealth or Health? Different people have different opinions about which is more important, wealth or health.Some people treasure health because of being strong to do almost anything, while others speak highly of wealth due to its effect on life. People around me have different opinions on it.Some people prefer wealth, holding that money can not bring
everything, but without it, one can do nothing.In order to
accumulate more money they can do anything.However,
other people regard health as more important.Once health is lost, it is no use having a lot of money. As far as I am concerned, I love wealth, but I value health more.Everybody wants to live a happy life.So they try their best to earn money which they can ensure they lead a comfortable life, but if happiness and comfort are achieved at the cost of their health, how can they be happy ？ Without health, money becomes meaningless. In my opinion, no one agrees that a wealthy person without good health can be happy.So, just do our best and keep fit.
【实用套语】 1 ． There are some similarities between A and B．...However, there are also some evident differences... A 与 B 有一些相似点??然而，也有一些明显的区 别??
2．There are some similarities between A and B．Both of them...However, some differences are also obvious. A 与 B 有一些相似点，他们都??然而，一些差异也 很明显。 3 ． There are many differences in...Apart from the differences, there are also some similarities between... A 与 B 有一些相似点，他们都??然而，一些差异也 很明显。
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英 语短文。 Honesty is one of the most treasured traditional values in China.Children are taught to be honest when they are very
young.At schools the students are also instructed to be honest.
However, with the development of society, we often hear complaints about dishonesty.Reports with the theme of dishonesty often appear in the media.For example, some people try to get rich and live a comfortable life by cheating
others.They sell things quite ordinary at a very high
price.Some people's delaying paying back the loan is another example.Some people, including some college students get
loan from the bank, and fail to pay back.
The dishonest people sometimes can get benefit from their behaviors.So some people assert that dishonesty can bring people benefit, while honesty only makes people suffer.Is that so? Definitely not.It is always true that honesty is the best policy.It pays to be honest.The cheater mentioned will surely be disclosed and punished one day.
On the contrary, if he had been honest, neither the buyer
nor he himself would have suffered.The people who do not return money in time will sooner or later become notorious,
and will not get the money from others again.If he had acted
differently, he would have earned respect and trust.Meanwhile, the bank would not have suffered from loss.
[写作内容] 1．以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 词就“honesty and dishonesty”的主题发表
看法，内容包括： (1)你对不诚实现象的看法； (2)不诚实与善意谎言的异同； (3)作为中学生，应该如何做一个诚实的人。
范文诵读： The passage tells us that honest people will get benefit from their behavior while dishonest people will be disclosed and punished one day ， though sometimes dishonesty brings people benefit while honesty makes people suffer. Dishonesty does great harm to our society.It can destroy our good relationship with others ， bringing lots of unstable factors to the society.
Many people consider that telling white lies is another kind of dishonesty ； both of them cheat others in the same
way.However，some differences are also obvious； dishonesty
may cause bad effect on others and destroy the relationship
with their parents and classmates and even lose the trust from
others.Telling white lies sometimes can do good to people because people do this to hide the factors that may hurt others. As students ， we should act honestly and never cheat others，including cheating in exams.Only in this way can we win respect from others.
1．假如你在河边发现有人溺水，你会怎样做？ If I had been on the spot, I would have jumped into the river to rescue the child on the condition that I could swim.If not, I would have first called the police and then persuaded the people on the boat and the swimmers nearby to help. 如果我在现场，我会跳进河里去救那个小孩，前提是 我会游泳。如果我不会，我首先会报警，然后劝说在船上 的人和附近游泳的人去救人。
2．假如你将来做老师，你会怎样对待教学和你的学生？ Were I to be a teacher, first of all, I would try my best to give students lessons, guiding them into a correct direction and arousing
their interest in the subjects.What's more, I would dive into
teaching with great passion, smiling to the students and being their friends after class.Last but not least, I would treat every student equally, no matter how they are. 如果我是一位老师，首先，我会尽力给学生上好课，把他 们引向正确的方向，激发他们的学习兴趣。而且，我会以极大
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短
I will never forget the lesson which Mr.Li gave us.One day Mr.Li was speaking to us in our school meeting room.He began his speech by holding up a ￥ 100 bill.He asked, “Who would like this ￥100 bill ？” Most of us put up our hands quickly.Then he said, “I am going to give this ￥100 to one of you, but first let me
do this.” He then made the bill into a ball and said, “Who wants
it now ？ ” We raised our hands again.But he said, “Wait a moment.” He then dropped it on the floor and stepped on it.After
that, he picked up the dirty bill and said, “Who still wants it ？” Many hands were still up.“My friends ， ” he said, “you have
learned a valuable lesson today.No matter what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not go down in value.It was still
worth ￥100.” “We sometimes lose confidence in ourselves.” he went on speaking.“We feel as if we are worth nothing.But remember, no
matter what has happened to you, you will never lose your value: you are always valuable to those people who love you.Your value doesn't come from what you do or who you know, but WHO YOU
ARE.You are special and valuable.Don't ever forget it！”
[写作内容] 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2.以约 120 词谈谈你的感想，内容包括： (1)通过阅读这篇短文，你有哪些收获？ (2)如果你是老师，你的一个学生某次考试成绩很差， 你想跟他/她说些什么？ [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参 照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。
Mr.Li gave us a lesson by showing us a ￥ 100 bill ， which still has its value no matter what we do to it.So is everybody， who is always valuable. I learned a lot from the lesson.First ， I have come to
know that everybody is special and valuable， and won't lose
his value no matter what happens.Second， the lesson tells me that confidence is important in doing things， and I shouldn't lose confidence in myself even though I meet with
failure.Failure does not mean I am of no value； I can still do what I want and I will try harder. If I were a teacher and one of my students fails in an exam ， I would say to him ， “you are still yourself and shouldn't be hopeless.” I would also tell him he can take this
exam as a good lesson and try to find out the causes that made
him fail so that he can do well in the future.
【实用套语】 1．After reading...I feel...读完??后，我觉得??
2．After reading the story, I realize that...
3．After reading this story, I was lost in thought.I came to realize that...
4．From the story, I learn/know that... 从这个故事，我学会/懂得了?? 5 ． Having finished reading the story, I was deeply touched.I am aware of... 读完这个故事，我被深深地打动了。我意识到?? 6 ．I am so touched/inspired/encouraged/impressed by... 我被??如此地打动/鼓舞/激励/感动了。 7．The story teaches us that...这个故事告诉我们??
8．I was so astonished when I knew that...
9．From the story I have learned that the trails of life are
of great importance in our growth. As the saying goes, “ No
cross, no crown.” Only by overcoming difficulties in our life can we grow up happily and healthily. 从这个故事我懂得了，生活的经历对我们的成长很重 要。就如俗语所说的： “ 没有苦难就没有成功。 ” 只有克 服我们生命中的困难我们才能健康快乐地长大。
阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.This is Li Hua from Senior Three.I'm here today to share with you a good lesson from an overseas Chinese student living in Germany.It is a
true story. After years of hard work, this Chinese student gradua-ted with amazing academic achievements.Everyone thought he
was going to get a good job easily and have a bright
future.But to his disappointment, he was not even allowed the chance for an interview! The third time he was turned down, he couldn't help telephoning the company to ask why they didn't want him.The answer was simple, “We don't hire dishonest people in Germany.” What was wrong you might wonder? The truth is, shortly after he arrived in Germany, this clever student found that it
was easy to skip buying subway tickets.So, to save money, he
often went without a ticket.As a result, he had been caught without a ticket in the subway three times.
From this story, we learn that we may get short-term
benefits by dishonest means, but the truth will come out
sooner or later and the cost is high.So remember: honesty is
the best policy. That's all for my speech.Thank you!
[写作内容] 1．以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容；
2．以约 120 词写一篇读后感，说明“诚信的重要性”， 内容包括： (1)你读后的感受； (2)以你或他人的经历说明诚信的重要性； (3)谈谈你从中悟出的道理。
[写作要求] 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参 照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子；
范文诵读： Today I read an instructive speech， in which the speaker
argues honesty is the best policy by telling the story of an
overseas Chinese student who couldn't find a job because of his dishonesty. After reading this speech ， I felt really sorry for the student who had ruined his own future due to gaining extra advantages.On the other hand ， I also thought it correct to
My classmate Wang Tao once made a similar mistake.During a math quiz ，he was having trouble working out a problem.When the teacher looked away， he peeked and co-pied the answer from his classmate.He was glad that he had got a high mark in the quiz.But when he came across a similar question in the final exam ， he didn't know how to solve it and eventually failed the test. Remember： honesty is the best policy.
经历感受 【技巧点拨】 经历感受通常只需包含 “ 谁？干了什么事？结果如 何？”等，然后再谈谈本人对此次经历的看法及感受，或 是从这次经历中得出了什么经验教训。 写经历时，可借鉴原文。因为写经历就是写记叙文， 将记叙文的几个要素替换就行了，但一定要注意主题与原 文故事一致。如：原材料是一个女孩因牙齿太大被别人嘲 笑，但她通过努力最终取得了成功。我们就可以说张三因 为身材矮小被人瞧不起，但他通过努力取得了成功。
【实用套语】 1．引出经历 (1)The story reminds me of my experience... 这个故事让我想起了我自己的经历??
(2)This story reminds me of a similar experience of my friend.这个故事让我想起我朋友的一次相似的经历。
(3)I also had an unforgettable experience...
(4)Take my personal experience in learning English for example.Three years ago, I．.. 就以我学英语的亲身经历为例，三年前，我?? (5)After reading Alan's story, I recall the experience of
2．感受启示 (1)From this experience I realize that it's not easy but meaningful to be a journalist. 通过这次经历，我意识到做记者是不容易但又有意义 的。
(2)Only by learning step by step can we achieve something.只有通过循序渐进的学习，我们才能有所成就。
(3)I benefit a lot from this experience and realized
that it is honesty that wins us the respect from others and
brings us real happiness.
赢得他人的尊重，也给我们带来快乐。 (4)Therefore, I learned to cultivate myself to be strong-minded... 因此，我学会了要将自己培养成意志坚强的人??
阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语 短文。 When Sam first got to his boarding school with his pa-rents, he was very happy.He thought he would be able to go home every weekend.When he was told he would not, he started crying because the thought of not seeing his parents was driving him crazy. He was given uniforms and all other things that he would need for the term.He started crying when it was time
for his parents to leave.He was then taken to the dorm, where he saw other children happy.He tried as much as he could to fit in but could not because his mind was at home.He started feeling homesick ( 想 家 ) and wanted to go home as soon as possible. He got sick soon because he could not eat the school food.He could not concentrate in the classroom.All he could think of was being at home with his family.He had no mobile phone or other means to get in touch with his pa-rents.He was angry and felt lonely.He thought his parents hated him and that was why they left him in a boarding school.
[写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2. 以约 120 个词讲述一次你( 或你的朋友) 想家的经
[写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参 照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
The story is about what Sam felt when he was sent to a
boarding school，where he became homesick，often felt lonely
and was even angry with his parents for their sending him there.
Once I had a similar experience.I finished my junior
middle school in a boarding school.At the age of 13，I never dealt with the daily things ，such as washing clothes ，taking care of money etc. especially I felt lonely because I hardly
knew any people.At first ， I could not get on well with my classmates and I always looked forward to being on holiday to meet my parents.I could not concentrate on my subjects.As time went by I gradually adapted myself to the school life.I made several friends，and often took part in the activities，in which I improved my communicating skills.As I had a lot of interesting things to do ， I finally began to enjoy my school life. Now，whenever I think of my first boarding school life，
I think it instructive and unforgettable.
概括记叙文的要点 【概括方法】 我们应首先找出这篇材料中故事的主角，然后找出该 主角(何时何地因何原因或出于何种目的)做了何事，再弄
在写作过程中还要注意以下几点： 1．由于限制为大约 30 词，我们不一定要使用 the story tell us 或者 the author/the passages shows us that 等开头套 语。 2．时态应与原文时态一致。 3 ．一般以第三人称的形式来表述。如 I 要变成 the writer，he/she 等。
4．可选用以下句式开头： The passage/story is about... The author tells us a story about a．.. The passage is a story about... 【实用套语】 1．In order to...sb.did sth./sth.happened.As a result.../ Therefore, ...
2．sb.did sth./sth.happened, which shows...due to/thanks
to/because (of)...which shows...
阅读下面短文，然后分别以约 30 词概括这两篇记叙文 的主要内容。 (1) Some years ago, leaving the farm to work in the city, three brothers were employed by the same company and on the same pay.But three years later, they received different wages.So their father was confused and decided to pay a visit to the boss, who told him that he would let his sons explain for themselves.
The three brothers were asked by the supervisor to go to the airport to get a cargo inventory at different times.Jim, who received 500 dollars a month, got the information on the phone instead of going to the airport himself.Frank, the 1000-dollar-a-month brother returned with a list of more cargoes.George, the 1500-dollar-a-month brother came back with detailed information and also did something extra without being told. （某人做了某事）Three brothers， who worked for the same company， received different wages（原因）due to their different attitudes towards their work，（意义）which shows a fight attitude is of great help to one's life.
(2) Everyone has an experience they would rather
forget.Some are embarrassing, some are moving, and some teach us a lesson.Here is a story of mine. Last Sunday I went fishing.After setting up my fishing rod with bait ( 诱饵), I sat down on the bank of the lake.But two hours later, I didn't catch any fish.I got very angry and
began to pack up my stuff, preparing to go back home.
Just then, I saw an old man sitting near me.To my surprise, his basket was full of fish, so I went over to him,
wanting to know why.“Excuse me, but how long have you sat here ？ ” I asked.“About four hours ， ” he answered.“Four hours ？ ” I couldn't believe my ears.“Yes.It's very important to be patient ， ” the old man said.“Don't consider fishing a tiring sport.Just enjoy it.” Suddenly, I understood what he said.I must learn to be
patient.Then I sat there and waited for fish patiently.I felt a
fish touch the bait, but I didn't move and waited for the right moment to reel it in.At last, I caught it.This made me very
happy.In the following six hours, I caught over 10 fish.
On my way home, I thought what had happened on the bank.I gradually realized that the secret of success was patience.
The story is about an unforgettable lesson of the writer
from an old man while fishing ，（启示）through which the writer realized patience was very important and that it was the secret of success.
【概括方法】 如果所给出的材料是一篇说明一种社会现象的文章， 考生应该先找出文章说明了一种什么现象，分析产生这种 现象的原因，结果如何，或者针对这种现象提出解决措施 或建议。即：现象＋原因＋结果(措施或建议)。
阅读下面短文，然后分别以约 30 词概括这两篇说明文 的主要内容。 (1)
While income worry is a rather common problem of the aged, loneliness is another problem they may face.Of all the
reasons that explain their loneliness, a large geographical
distance between parents and their children is the major one.This phenomenon is commonly known as “Empty Nest
In order to seek better chances outside their countries, many young people have gone abroad, leaving their parents behind with no clear idea of when they will return home.Their parents spend countless lonely days and nights, taking care of themselves, in the hope that some day their children will come back to stay with them.The fact that most of these young
people have gone to Europeanized or Americanized societies
makes it unlikely that they will hold as tightly to the value of duty as they would have if they had not left their countries.Whatever the case, it has been noted that the values
they hold do not necessarily match what they actually do.This geographical and cultural distance also prevents the grown-up children from providing response in time for their aged
parents living by themselves.
The situation in which grown-up children live far away from their aged parents has been described as “distant pa-rent phenomenon”， which is common both in developed countries and in developing countries.Our society has not yet
been well prepared for “Empty Nest Syndrome”．
（现象）Nowadays many aged parents live alone in loneliness（原因）because young people leave home to seek
their future far away in a more developed place ，（结 果）
which causing a new social problem around the world. (2)
Years ago it was very difficult to travel from one place to
another.The journeys were often long, tiring and dangerous.But now people travel frequently and easily.Science has improved
transportation and communication facilities a great deal.Traveling
has become safer, more enjoyable and above all, more economical.
Traveling—whether within one's country or abroad— brings many invaluable benefits.People travel for pleasure, business or for education and knowledge.In the world of yesterday most people were only able to read about strange and fascinating places across the mountains and seas.Later,
with the coming of the cinema and television, man's curiosity
about faraway places with strange sounding names was further stirred up.Today man's curiosity can be satisfied in
luxurious comfort.There are first-class ships and airplanes to
take him where his dreams lie.
We travel to increase our knowledge of the world in which we live.Knowledge obtained from books alone is not enough.New knowledge of different lands and people enriches our mind and soul.Books generally do not give us a very true picture of lands beyond our shores.Some of them are even misleading. (原因) With the development of science, (现象) transportation makes people travel a lot with comfort, (结果) which brings lots of benefits like satisfying man's curiosity and increasing man's knowledge of the world.
点，也就是主题句。而主题句往往在文章的首段或尾段， 且在段落的首句或尾句。主题句有时也可能在文中或段落 中，此时主题句前常常有 however, but 等表示转折的关联 词。
【实用套语】 1．The author holds the view that...作者认为?? 2．The author thinks that...作者认为?? 3．The passage/author highlights the importance of... 文章/作者强调了??的重要性。
4．The passage/author argues...文章/作者认为??
5．The passage/author compares...with... 文章/作者比较了??和??
阅读下面短文，然后分别以约 30 词概括这两篇议论文 的主要内容。 (1) For traditional readers like me, newspapers still hold an important position in our heart.Some people regard newspapers as a medium of the past and predict that they will
be replaced by TV and the Internet in the near future.As far as
I'm concerned, however, newspapers may provide the readers with factual reports as well as certain viewpoint.
Wherever one wants to know what's happening in the world, he no longer needs to bother searching for a bookstore.Instead, he would surf online and find exactly what he wants on a website.However, more people, me included, firmly hold the opinion that newspapers are still indispensable (不可替代)．First of all, newspapers gain us a deeper insights into the events.While TV feasts our eyes with flash pictures, newspapers enrich our minds with sparkling wits.Secondly,
though with great potential, the new media are not as popular
as newspapers.A retired worker would rather buy an evening
paper on his way home, instead of taking pains to learn how
to operate a PC.Finally, people want to see words in black and white, if necessary. Considering the fact, I would draw the conclusion that despite the increasing popularity of new media, newspapers
still play an important role in people's life.
The author holds the view that（论点）newspapers still play an important part in our lives ，and （论据）lists some advantages of newspapers ，although the new media like TV
and the Internet are becoming more and more popular.
(2) Hard-working people live longer than average men and women.Career women are healthier than housewives.Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than job-holders.A study shows that whenever the employment rate increases by
1%, the death rate decreases by 2%.All this comes down to
one point: work is helpful to health. Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness.Researches show that
people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have
nothing to do.Instead, the happiest are those who are busy.Work serves as a bridge between man and reality.By work people come into contact with each other.By collective (集体的) activity they find friendship and warmth.This is helpful to health.The loss of work means the loss of everything.It affects man spiritually and makes him ill.
Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a
sense of achievement.Work makes one feel his value and status in society.When a writer finishes his writing or a
teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words.
（论点）Work is helpful to people's health ，（论据） because it can rid one of loneliness as well as make one feel fruitful and proud of himself ， which always contributes to physical and mental health.
【技巧点拨】 高考读写任务的“发表看法”部分，通常包括三个要 点，此时建议考生将三个要点依次设为三段，每段写一个 主题句，放在段首，然后再围绕主题句进行展开。这样既 可使写作内容一目了然，避免出现走题或偏题，又方便改 卷老师落实要点是否齐全。写主题句的主要方法有：
1．假如你处在那些动物的处境，你会有什么反应？ If I were an animal in the wildlife park, I could feel annoyed when people keep photographing with me. 如果我是野生动物园里的动物，要是人们一直和我拍 照，我会觉得很困扰。
In my eyes, a good teacher should treat his students
fairly as well as make the class lively and interesting. 依我看，好老师应该公平对待他的学生，同时使课堂 生动有趣。
是不应该等，或表明会不会做某事。如： 1．你是否赞成(熄灯一小时活动)这种做法并说明理由。 I'm strong for this activity, which is really meaningful and
I believe that taking photos with animals should be banned.
三、直接翻译 对不含提问性质的要点，一般将其译成英语即可。必 要时，可增加关联词。如： 1．督促学生认真学习的办法。 However, there are other ways to make students work
From my point of view, college life will be different
from the life in high school. 依照我的观点，大学生活和高中生活将会不同。
my opinion/view, personally, as far as, I'm concerned 等开头， 直接表明自己的看法。如： 1．你对留堂制度的看法。 In my opinion, detention has its advantages in educating misbehaved students. 依我看，留堂对于教育品行不良的学生有好处。
2．你对大学扩招的看法。 In my point of view, this tendency should be continued, as we need more capable people to contribute to the fast-growing economy.
In my opinion, no lesson is more important than the
one on personal safety. 在我看来，没有课程比安全教育课更重要。 2．谈谈建设绿色校园的重要性。 It is of great importance to build a green campus. 建设绿色校园非常重要。
六、引出经历 引出你的朋友过去的经历。 This reminds me of my friend Li Hua's experience in primary school.这使想起我朋友李华在小学时的经历。
It is an in-depth relationship combining trust, support ，
communication, loyalty, understanding, sympathy and intimacy.These
are certainly aspects of life that all of us desire.Being able to
trust and relax with your friend is a big part of friendship.Remember
when you were young you went with a friend to her grandma's for the weekend.It was fun but when you got home, home was
wonderful.Your feeling was “I am at home.I can relax now.”
That's what a friendship should be.You go out into the world and do your best.You have your ups and downs, your problems and triumphs, your fun and tribulations.You charm
and perform.Then you come “home” to a friend.You can relax, put up your feet; you are relieved.If you still have to be charming and/or performing, it's not a relief.Friendship is a comfor-table situation like home.You get home, kick off your
shoes, relax and sigh, “Ahh, home.”
But no one can form a friendship until he/she realizes that the basis of being friends is meeting the needs of the other person.One must be a friend to have a friend. Never forget that friends relate.Relating is the basis of friendship.
[写作内容] 写出以下要点的主题句： (1)根据你的亲身经历，你觉得朋友给你的生活带来了 什么？(具体回答) (2)你对友谊的理解是什么？(具体回答) (3)你觉得如何才能建立起真正的友谊？(表明看法)
(1）According to my experience，I think friends bring
me not only trust，understanding but also warmth.
（2 ）I think friendship is a relationship which requires
both honesty with each other and sharing.
（3）To my mind，to build up real friendship，we should make friends with those who we can trust ，then take serious concerns on our friendship and always get ready to help each other.
(2) Let children learn to judge their own work.A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time; if corrected too much, he will stop talking.He notices a thousand times a day the difference between his language and others' language.Bit by bit, he makes the right changes to make his language like other people's.In the same way, children learn to talk, run, climb, ride a bicycle by comparing
their own behaviors with those of more skilled people, and
slowly make the needed changes.But in school teachers never
give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, even fewer chances for him to correct himself.They do it all for him. Teachers act as if the student would never notice a
mistake if they did not point out it to him.They act as if the
student would never correct it unless he was made to.Soon he becomes dependent on the teachers.Let the student do it himself.Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word means and what the answer is to that problem.
[写作内容] 写出以下要点的主题句： (1)你觉得老师是否应该及时纠正学生的学习错误。(表
（１）This opinion sounds right but is hardly practical so I
holds that mistakes should be corrected by teachers in time.
（2）My teacher point out my mistakes immediately with patience.
（ 3 ） Teachers should be encouraged to correct their
students' mistakes as soon as possible.Only in this way can the students study more effectively and make greater progress.
反式的逻辑组织材料：诚信对人生的重要性；没有诚信的 人会怎样。 It's obvious that an honest person will definitely win the respect from others, which is of great importance in our study
and daily life, let alone in the business world.However, a
dishonest person will lose his fame and trust from others sooner or later.No matter how intelligent he is, dishonesty will
ruin his future.
如谈论“儿童肥胖的不良影响”，可以从身体上进而 到精神上谈论肥胖对儿童造成的不良影响。 As far as we know, obese children tend to eat a lot but
they take little exercise, as a result they often fall ill
easily.Besides, because of their appearance, they have less confidence in themselves, which leads to isolation and
三、列举式 如谈论个人对网上购物的看法，一方面可以利用正反 式谈论其优点和缺点，另一方面也可以利用列举式分别谈 其优点和缺点。例如详写其优点： On one hand, online shopping has its advantages.Firstly, it is much cheaper.As far as I'm concerned, online stores offer lower prices to the customers and some don't charge delivery fee if we buy more than one.Secondly, it is more convenient as customers needn't walk store to store for what they like.And it's easier for them to compare pro-ducts online.
What can we do to avoid traffic accidents? 1 ． As to drivers: keep their emotions under control; respect others 2．As to walkers/pedestrians and cyclists: strictly obey the traffic rules; value their own lives.
五、细化主题句 如就“压力对学生的影响”这个话题发表自己的看 法。 It is obvious that too much pressure is harmful to us students.As we know, pressure not only destroys our
motivation for study but also ruins our health.
六、说明结果或后果 如对国家“禁止商场免费提供塑料袋”发表自己的看 法。
It is necessary for the government to forbid shops from offering free plastic bags.With this ban, shopping customers would gradually form a habit of bringing environmentally-friendly bags with them so that the consumption of plastic bags would be gradually reduced.
(概括) Reading is important for Americans.More and more people are joining book clubs which are formed by different people or organizations and for specific groups of readers. (介绍自己喜欢的书) Reading is also my favorite acti-vity.My favorite novel is “Gone with the Wind” ．It tells us a story about a woman, Scarlet, who is very brave and goes through a lot of difficulties but still faces life with courage.I always remember a famous sentence in this book “Tomorrow is another day.” This
book encourages me to be brave.Whenever I am in trouble I will
think of this sentence.
(阅读的意义) Personally, I think reading can really bring us benefits.
Personally， I think reading can really bring us benefits. （细化主题句）It can enlarge our knowledge and make us more intelligent.Besides ， it is helpful for our learning ， especially for writing good compositions.
文章结束语的模式 【技巧点拨】 尽管写作中没有明确要求考生写总结，但一篇带总结 的文章会使结构更显完整，在阅卷时能够争取更好的印象 分。因此，建议考生用简短的语言总结全文。 总 结 时 常 用 to sum up, to conclude, to summarize, in
brief, in conclusion, all in all 等表总结性的词语。此外，总
一、重申主题 In a word, in order to face the hard work, I think students should have suitable relaxation at weekends. 总之，为了面对艰苦的学习，我认为学生在周末应该 适当放松。 二、得出结论
We can draw a conclusion that our society is progressing and people are living a better life than ever before. 我们可以得出一个结论，我们的社会在进步，人民的
三、提出建议 Therefore, it is suggested that you should make friends with people having different genders, characteristics or backgrounds.
四、强调重要 To sum up, environmental protection is of great importance, which can make us live more comfortable and healthier.
五、表明决心 I am confident that I can make every effort to satisfy your demand—being brave and successful. 我相信我一定会竭尽全力达到你的要求：勇敢和成功。
六、进行呼吁 It is high time that we should be aware of the
importance of self-protection.And only with a good sense of self-protection can we live a safe and happy life. 是我们应该意识到自我保护的重要性的时候了。只有 具有自我保护意识，我们才能平安幸福地生活。
七、强调观点 Only when the traffic problem is solved can we lead an easy life. 只有当交通问题得到解决时我们才能过上舒适的生 活。
(概括) The number of cyclists has been decreasing since
its peak around 1986 while cars have been decreasing.Nowadays cyclists find it more difficult to ride a bike and they are often looked upon by car drivers. (自己和家人常用的交通方式) My parents used to ride a motorbike, but after buying a private car, they have used the car as their major means of transport.As for me I usually go to school on my bike.
(骑自行车的好处) Compared with cars, riding bicycles has several advantages.On one hand, it is beneficial to people's health by giving them due physical exercise.On the other hand, bicycles don't need gas, which can not only save money but also cause no pollution. (总结)...
（总结）In view of this， I appeal to the government to take measures to make bicycle riding more convenient， such as building more bicycle lanes and bicycle parking lots.