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术语词汇表(GM)


术语词汇表
先期产品质量策划——APQP 目标工装能力——Ppk DFMEA、PFMEA——过程潜在失效模式 ——过程潜在失效模式 、 —— DFMEA 是一份动态的文件,它是在概念设计阶段或之前发布的,并且在产品开发的 是一份动态的文件,它是在概念设计阶段或之前发布的, 过程中随着变化的发生获得更多的信息得到不断的更新。 过程中随着变化的发生获得更多的信息得到不断的更

新。它通过以下方式减少设计的失效 风险: )帮助评估设计要求, 风险:1)帮助评估设计要求,DFM 和 DFA;2)增加发现潜在失效模式的概率;3)明确 ; )增加发现潜在失效模式的概率; ) 设计的优先等级。 设计的优先等级。 PFMEA 的目的是确保已考虑并记录了过程可能产生的失效模式以降低 RPN 及缺陷的 发生风险。这是一个不断降低每个新零件风险的必须不断更新的动态文件。 发生风险。这是一个不断降低每个新零件风险的必须不断更新的动态文件。 生产件批准—— ——PPAP 生产件批准—— 生产件批准的目的是确定供应商是否完全理解所有的客户工程设计记录和规范要求, 通过按照报价生产速率进行的正式生产,以验证其过程有能力生产出符合以上要求的产品。

AAR:Appearance Approval Report 外观批准报告 ADV: Analysis/Development/Validation 分析/开发/验证 ADV-DV:ADV Design Validation ADV 设计验证 A/D/V P&R: Analysis/Development/Validation Plan and Report. This form is used to summarize the plan and results for validation testing. Additional information can be found in the GP-11 procedure. 分析 / 开发 / 验证计划和报告 AIAG: Automotive Industries Action Group, an organization formed by General Motors, Ford and Daimler-Chrysler to develop common standards and expectations for automotive suppliers. 汽车工业行动集团 AP:Advanced Purchasing 先期采购 APQP:Advanced Product Quality Planning 产品质量先期策划 : APO:(General Motors)Asian Pacific Operations (通用)亚太分部 APQP Project Plan: A one-page summary of the GM APQP process that describes the tasks and the timeframe in which they occur. APQP 项目策划 ASQE:Advanced Supplier Quality Engineer 先期供应商质量工程师 BOM:Bill of Materials 材料清单 BOP:Bill of Process 过程清单 : Brownfield Site: An expansion of an existing facility. 扩建场地 CMM:Coordinate Measuring Machine 三坐标测试仪 M Complex System / Subassembly: An assembly of sub-components delivered to the GM main M production line for installation to the vehicle as a single unit. 复杂系统/分总成 Cpk:Capability Index for a stabile process 过程能力指数 : CTS:Component Technical Specifications 零件技术规范 Defect outflow detection: A phrase used in the Supplier Quality Statement of Requirements that refers to in-process or subsequent inspection used to detect defects in parts. 缺陷检测 DFM/DFA: Design for Manufacturability / Design for Assembly 可制造性 / 可装配性设 计

DFMEA:Design Failure Modes and Effects Analysis. It is used to identify the potential : failure modes of a part, associated with the design, and establish a priority system for design improvements. 设计失效模式分析 MPC:Material Production Control 物料生产控制 MPCE: Material Production Control Europe 欧洲物料生产控制 MRD:Material Required Date; date material must be delivered in order to allow a build event to begin (Pilot, SOR, etc.) 物料需求日期 MSA:Measurement Systems Analysis : 测量系统分析 MVBns: Manufacturing Validation Build non-saleable 非销售车制造验证 MVBs: Manufacturing Validation Build saleable 销售车制造验证 NAO:(General Motors)North American Operations (通用)北美分部 NBH:New Business Hold 停止新业务 N.O.D.: Notice of Decision 决议通知 OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer 主机客户 PAD: Production Assembly Documents 生产装配文件 PC&L: Production Control & Logistics 生产控制&物流 PDT:Product Development Team 产品开发小组 PFMEA:Process Failure Modes and Effects Analysis. It is used to identify potential failure : modes associated with the manufacturing and assembly process. 潜在失效模 式分析 PPAP: Production Part Approval Process 生产件批准程序 PPM:1)Program Purchasing Manager 项目采购经理 2)Parts per Million(rejects and returns to suppliers) 每百万件的产品缺陷数 Ppk: Perfomance index for a stable process 过程能力指数 PQC:Product Quality Characteristic 产品质量特性 PR/R:Problem Reporting & Resolution 问题报告及解决 PSA: Potential Supplier Assessment, a subset of the Quality System Assessment(QSA) 潜在供 应商评审 QSA:Quality System Assessment 质量系统评审 QTC:Quoted Tool Capacity 工装报价能力 RASIC:Responsible, Approve, Support, Inform, Consult 负责,批准,支持,通知,讨论 RFQ:Request For Quotation 报价要求 RPN: Risk Priority Number relater to FMEA development 风险顺序数 RPN Reduction Plan: An action plan that describes what is being done to reduce the risk priority number for items listed in the DFMEA or PFMEA. 降低 RPN 值计划 DPV:Defects per vehicle 每辆车缺陷数 DRE:Design Release Engineer 设计发放工程师 Error Occurrence Prevention: A phrase used in the Supplier Quality Statement of Requirement that refers to poke yoke or error-proofing devices used to prevent errors in the manufacturing process from occurring. 防错 EWO:Engineering Work Order : 工程更改指令 FE 1,2,3: Functional Evaluations 1,2, and 3 功能评估 GD&T: Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing 几何尺寸&公差 GM: General Motors 通用汽车公司

GME:General Motors Europe 通用汽车欧洲分部 GM 9000:A document provided through Boise Cascade that houses GM specific requirements (General Procedures-GPs) that are referenced in QS 9000. GP: General Procedure 总体步骤 GPDS:Global Purchasing System 全球采购系统 GQTS:Global Quality Tracking System 全球质量跟踪系统 GR&R: Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility 量具的重复性与再现性 Greenfield Site: A new supplier facility that is built to support a program. 新建工厂 GVDP:Global Vehicle Development Process 全球车辆开发过程 IPTV:Incidents per Thousand Vehicles : 每千辆车缺陷数 KCC: Control Characteristics. It is a process characteristic where variation can affect the final Key part and/or the performance of the part. 关键控制特性 KCDS: Key Characteristic Designation System 关键特性指示系统 Kick-Off Meeting: The first APQP supplier program review. 启动会议 KPC: Key Product Characteristic. It is a product characteristic for which reasonably anticipated variation could significantly affect safety, compliance to governmental regulations, or customer satisfaction. 关键产品特性 LAO:(General Motors)Latin American Operations (通用)拉丁美洲分部 LCR:Lean Capacity Rate. It is the GM daily capacity requirement. 最低生产能力 MCR: Maximum Capacity Rate. It is the GM maximum capacity requirement. 最大生产能力 MOP:Make or Purchase 制造/采购 SDE:Supplier Development Engineer : 供应商开发工程师 SCC: Standard Control Characteristics 关键控制特性 SFMEA: System Failure Mode and Effects Analysis 系统失效模式分析 SMT:System Management Team 系统管理小组 SOA:Start of Acceleration 加速开始 SOP:Start of Production 正式生产 SOR:Statement of Requirements 要求声明 SPC:Statistical Process Control : 统计过程控制 SPC: Standard Product Characteristic 标准产品特性 SPO: (General Motors)Service and Parts Operations (通用汽车)零件与服务分部 SQ:Supplier Quality : 供应商质量 SQE:Supplier Quality Engineer : 供应商质量工程师 SQIP:Supplier Quality Improvement Process 供应商质量改进过程 SSF:Start of System Fill 系统填充开始 SSTS:Sub-system Technical Specifications 分系统技术规范 S.T.E.P: Sourcing Team Evaluation Process, a supplier assessment focused on a specific technology or process at a supplier’s facility. 采购定点小组评估过程 M Subcontractor: The supplier of a sub-component to a Complex System/ Subassembly supplier(Tier 2,3,etc). M 分供方 Team Feasibility Commitment: An AIAG APQP form that is provided with the Request for Quotation. It is the supplier’s concerns with the feasibility of manufacturing the part as specified. 小组可行性承诺 UG:Unigraphics UG 工程绘图造型系统

VDP:Vehicle Development Process 车辆开发过程 VLE:Vehicle Line Executive 车辆平台负责人 WWP:Worldwide Purchasing 全球采购 Supplier DUNS No.: 供应商邓氏编码 Commodity: 产品 Engineering Change Level: 工程更改级别 年型----应用于哪年的车型 Model Year: MPC:Main product characteristic 主要产品特性 MCC:Main control characteristic 主要过程特性 ME:Manufacturing engineer 制造工程师 PE:Project engineer 项目工程师 PQE:Project quality engineer 项目质量工程师 TM:Technical manager 技术经理 DRE: Design release engineer 设计发放工程师 GP-12 Early Production Containment GP-12 早期生产遏制 Error proofing: 防错 Pre-Launch Control Plan: 试生产控制计划 PRR:Problem Report and Resolution 问题报告与解决 CS:Controlled Shipping 受控发运 Appearance Approval Report 外观件批准报告 Design engineering approval: 工程设计批准 N/A: NOT Applicable 不适用的 Conforming: 合格数 Non-conforming: 不合格数 Product Specification : 产品规格书 PCR: Problem Communication Report 问题交流报告 Trial mould 软模(试验模) , Formal mould 硬模(正式模) IMDS : International Material Data System

Coaxial tolerance: 同轴度, Round corner :圆角

环保要求:Environment requirement Retention/contact force:固定力 未注尺寸:unspecified dimension/non specified dimension DR:Dimension requirement 尺寸要求

APQP 和 PPAP 过程专业术语
AAR
ADV ADV-DV Appearance Approval Report 外观批准报告 Analysis/Development/Validation 分析/开发/验证 ADV Design Validation A D V 设计验证 Analysis/Development/Validation Plan and Report, This from is used to summarize A/D/V P&Rthe plan and results for validation testing. Additional information Can be found in the GP-11procedure. 分析/开发/验证计划和报告

AEC ADV-PV AIAG AP APO
APQP AQE ASQE ANOVA ASDE BOM BOP CCAR

Additional Engineering Changes 附加工程更改 ADV product Validation A D V 产品验证 Automotive Industries Action Group, an organization formed by General Motors, Ford and Daimler Chrysler to develop common standards and expectations for automotive suppliers.汽车工业行动集团 Advanced Purchasing 先期采购 (General Motors) Asian Pacific Operations (通用)亚太分部 Advanced Product Quality Planning 产品质量先期策划 Advanced Quality Engineer 先期质量工程师 Advanced Supplier Quality Engineer 先期供应商质量工程师 Analysis of Variance 方差分析法 Advanced Supplier Development Engineer 高级供应商开发工程师 Bill of Materials 材料清单 Bill of Process 过程清单 Concerned and Corrective Action Report 相关整改报告 Corrective Action Request 整改需求 Cross function Team 多方论证小组 Coordinate Measuring Machine 三坐标测试仪 Weekly Production Volume 周产能 Capability Index for a Stabile process 过程能力指数 Customer Requirements Commodity Manager 客户要求 产品经理

CAR CFT
CMM CPV CPK CR CM CCM CS CS 1/2 CTS DCP DOE DPV DVP&R DV DRE DFMEA EWO

Corporate Commodity Manager 公司产品经理 Customer Satisfaction 客户满意度 Level 1/2 Controlled Shipping 1/2 级受控发运 Component Technical Specifications 零件技术规范 Dimension Control Plan (Dynamic Control Plan) 尺寸控制计划(动态控制计划) Design of Experiment 试验设计 Daily Production Volume 日产量 Design Validation Plan and Report 设计验证计划和报告 Design Validation 设计验证 Design Release Engineer 设计发放工程师 Design Failure Mode and Effects Analysis 设计失效模式及后果分析 Engineering Work Order 工程更改指令

DFM/DFA Design for Manufacturability/Design for Assembly 可制造性/可装配性设计

EDI FE1,2,3 ES EPC FAI FCR FE FTA FTC FTQ

Electronic Data Interchange 电子数据交换 Functional Evaluations1,2,and 3 功能评估 Engineering Specification 工程规范 Early Production Containment First Article Inspection 首件检验 Field Call of Rate Function Evaluation 功能评估 Failure Tree Analysis 故障树状分析 First Time Capability 试生产能力 First Time Quality 直通率(一次合格率) Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility 量具的重复性与再现性 Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing 几何尺寸&公差 General Motors 通用汽车公司 General Motors Europe 通用汽车欧洲部分 General Procedure 总体步骤 Global Product Description System 全球产品描述系统 Global Purchasing System 全球采购系统 Global Quality Tracking System 全球质量跟踪系统 Global Vehicle Development Process 全球车辆开发过程 initial Sample Inspection Report 首次样品检验报告 Incidents per Thousand Vehicles 每千辆车缺陷数 Interim Approval Authorization 临时批准授权 Integral Corrective Action List 整体整改列表 Lower Control Limit 下控制限控制下限 Lower Specification Limit 工程规范下限 Key Control Characteristic 关键控制特性 Key Characteristics Designation System 关键特性指示系统 (GM)Key Product Characteristic 关键产品特性 (General Motors) Latin American Operations (通用)拉丁美洲分部 Lean Capacity Rate, It is the GM daily capacity requirement 最低生产能力 Maximum Capacity Rate, It is the GM maximum capacity requirement 最大生产能力 Modified Production Part (Nissan Form) 改良生产零件 Make or Purchase 制造/采购 Manufacturing / Materials Resource Planning 加工/物料资源计划 Material Reject Report 物料拒收报告 Material Production Control 物料生产控制 Material Production Control Europe 欧洲物料生产控制 Material Review Board 物料评审 Material Required Date 物料需求日期 Measurement Systems Analysis 测量系统分析 (General Motors) North American Operations (通用)北美分部 Non Conformity Cost 不良品成本 New Business Hold 停止新业务 Non Disclosure Agreement/Obligation 保密协议/和约 早期生产遏制

GR&R GD&T
GM GME GP GPDS GPS GQTS GVDP ISIR IPTV IAA

ICAL LCL LSL KCC
KCDS KPC LAO LCR MCR MPP MOP MRP MRR MPC MPCE MRB MRD

MSA NAO NCC NBH
NDA/O

N.O.D OEE OEM OTS PPAP PAD PC&L PSW PDT PFMEA PPM PSA PPK

Notice of Decision 决议通知 Operating Equipment Effectiveness 操作装置效率 Original Equipment Manufacturer 原始设备制造商(整车厂) Off Tooling Sample 正式工装/模具生产样品 Production Part Approval Process 生产件批准程序 Production Assembly Documents 生产装配文件 Production Control & Logistics 生产控制&物流 Part Submission Warrant 零件提交保证书 项目开发组 Product Development Team Parts per Million 每百万

Process Failure Modes and Effects Analysis 过程失效模式及后果分析 Potential Supplier Assessment 潜在供应商评审 Performance index for a stable process 过程能力指数 Process Flow Chart 过程流程图 Product Quality Characteristic 产品质量特性 Process Flow Diagram 过程流程图 Pass Through Characteristic Production Trial Run 生产试行 Production Validation Plan and Report 产品验证计划与报告 Problem Reporting & Resolution 问题报告及决策 Production Validation 生产产品验证 Problem Resolution Report Quality System Base 问题决策报告 Quality System Assessment 质量系统评审 质量体系基础 Quality System Requirement 质量体系要求 Quotes Tool Capacity 工装报价能力 Quality Function Deployment 质量功能展开 Quality Operating System 质量运行体系 Quality Reject/Report 质量拒收/报告? Run at Rate 产能审核(产能审核指的是按照正常的生产状态进行审核,其中包括人员, 设备,工装,材料和工艺。产能审核里其实也包括质量的审核。 Rate 过程特性?

PFC PQC PFD
PTC PTR PVP&R PR/R PV PRR QSA QSA QSR QTC QFD QOS QR

R@R RASIC RFQ RPN RCM SCIF SC SCR SDE SFMEA SMT SOA

指的是正常进度,正常的生产状态。也叫“两日试生产” ) Responsible, Approve, Support, Inform, Consult 负责,批准,支持,通知,讨论 Request For Quotation 报价要求 Risk Priority Number related to FMEA development 风险顺序数 Regional Commodity Manager 区域产品经理 Special Characteristic Identification Form 特殊特性识别表 Significant (Special) Characteristic 重要(特殊)特性 Supplier Change Request 供应商更改需求 Supplier Development Engineer 供应商开发工程师 System Failure Mode and Effects Analysis 系统失效模式及后果分析 System Management Team 系统管理小组 Start of Acceleration 加速开始

SOP SOR SOW SPR SPC SPO SQ SQE SAR STS SRPC SREA SQIP SSF SSTS TGR TGW UCL USL VDP VLE VE/VA WWP PQC

Start of Production 正式生产 Statement of Requirements 要求声明 Statement of Work 样件申明 重要产品的运行 统计过程控制 Significant Production Run Statistical Process Control Supplier Quality 供应商质量 Supplier Quality Engineer 供应商质量管理工程师 Sample Approval report Ship to Store 直接入仓 Supplier Request for Product Change 供方要求产品更改供方产品更改要求 Supplier Request for Engineering Approval 供方工程批准的要求 Supplier Quality Improvement Process 供应商质量改进过程 Start of System Fill 系统供应开始启动 Sub-system Technical Specifications 分系统技术规范 Things Gone Right 运行情况良好 Things Gone Wrong 运行情况不良 Upper Control Limit 控制上限 Upper Specification Limit 工程规范上限 Vehicle Development Process 车辆开发过程 Vehicle Line Executive 车辆平台负责人 Value Engineering/Value Analysis 价值工程/价值分析 Worldwide Purchasing 全球采购 样品批准报告

(General Motors) Service and Part s Operations(通用汽车)零件与服务分部

Producing Quality Control 过程质量控制(制程质量控制)

PFD

Process Flow Diagram 工艺物料平衡图。


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