2015-2016 学年普通高中高三教学质量监测 英语（A 卷）
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并
标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小 题。每段对话仅渎一遍。 1. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Teacher and student. B.Workmates. C.Classmates. 2. How willthey go to the theatre? A. By subway. B.On foot. C.By taxi. 3. What does the manthink of the soup? A. Terrible. B.Good. C.Just so-so. 4. How many factors contribute to putting on weight? A. Two B.Three. C.Four. 5. Why is the man exciled? A. His aunt is coming to visit him. B. He is going to visit his aunt C. His uncle will come for a visit. 笫二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小 题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材 料．回答第 6、7 题。 6. How does the man want his beef to be? A．Well-done． B.Madium C．Rare. 7. What does the man want to drink? A.Coffee. B. Tea. C.Water. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What did the man receive from his school friend? A.A gift. B.A card. C.A letter. 9. What does the woman think of the man? A. Brave. B.Fortunate. C.Excited. 听笫 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How does the man feel when hearing exercising while working? A. Doubting. B.Curious. C.Strange. 11. Why are mlany companies using exercising while working? A. To attract employees' interests.
B. To make employees healthy. C. To reduce the fees of everyday work. 12. What does the woman advise people working in the office to do at lunch-time? A. Wait in line. B.Email colleagues. C.Take walks. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where was the thirty-nation meeling held? A. In Berlin. B.In Norway. C.In Denmark. 14. What might be one aim of the Green Climate Fund? A. To clevelop clean energy and green technology. B. To raise money to help the poor in developing countries. C. To prevenl the happening of rising seas and floods. 15. How much have the UK, Germany and France promised in total? A.$13 billion, B.$33 billion. C.$39 billion. 16. What are they talking about? A. The members of the Green Climate Fund. B. Something about a thirty-nation meeling. C. How to unite to protect the environment. 听第 10 段材料．回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What problem did the children have? A. They didn't clare to take the challenge of life. B. They are tired of reading texts at school. C. They fail to get a better understanding of texts. 18. Why are parents advised to let kids be the tour guides'? A. To expect them to read more local stories. B. To encourage them to visit places of interest. C. To make them realize what they learn is of use. 19. When is the best time to learn something new? A. Spring. B.Summer. C.Winter. 20. What do some states call for stuclents to do? A. To read more non-fiction. B. To aitend a health education class. C. To develop life-long interests. 笫二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A.B.C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项馀黑。 A Now is a great time to start thinking about how the 2015 Summer course offerings might help you complete your academic program at a faster rate and with less money! Whether you register for Summer not, we have some great activities and other special events planned for Rowan students, faculty and staff.We hope you will join us! Registration Information Register online at Gwinnett Online Campus between March 16, 2015 and June l, 2015. .
Class Dates Online Summer School June 8, 2015 to July 6, 2015 GCPS offers free Academic Summer School for qualifying elementary and middle school students in Grades 3～8. Details ★ 15-day session with no classes on Fridays, (NO classes on June 12, June 19, and June 26) First day of class is Monday, June 8, and last day is Wednesday, July l. (June 8-11: June 15-18,June22-25, June 29-July l) ' ★The dates for. elementary and middle school summer school are June 8 through July l with no Summer school on Fridays (15 days). ★Parents of suitable stuclents will be notified that their children may participate in the free session and given specifics about location and hours. ★The free academic summer school is for students who did not meet promotion criteria at their grade level. ★Summer school will not be provided at every school, due to maintenance and construction at some schools and plans for combined "cluster" summer school sites, Participating students will be told of location for summer school. ★Most summer school sites will not offer transportation. Those schools with additional federal funding to offer transportation will tell parenls regarding availability. 21. If you take interest in the Summer course, . A. you can visit its website B. you can go to the campus C. you can register on July l, 2015 D. you can complete a form 22. What day is June 20, 2015? A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Saturday. D. Sunday. 23. What cloes the underlined part mean in the passage? A. Warned. B. Informed. C. Convinced D. Worried. B The World Health Organization warns that millions of people are dying every year from indoor air pollution. The WHO finds that poor cooking, heating and lighting technologies are killing millions of people each year. Indoor air pollution results from the use of dangerous fuels and cook-stoves in the home. To help fighr the problem, the WHO announced new guidelines aimed at reducing household pollutants. WHO officials say nearly three billion people are unable to use clean fuels and technologies for cooking?heating and lighting. And they say more than seven million people die from exposure to indoor or outdoor air pollution each year. Of that number, the WHO says about 4. 3 million people die from household air pollution given off by simple coal cook-stoves. Most of the deaths are in developing countries. Carlos Dora is Coordinator in the WHO's Department of Public Healthe, Environmental
and Social Deierminants of Health. He says people should not use unllrocessed coal and kerosene fuel indoors. He says opening a window or door to let out the harmful air will not improve the situation. It will only pollute the outdoors. WHO officials say indoor pollution leads to early cleaths from stroke, heart and lung disease, childhood pneumonia（肺炎） and lung cancer. Women and girls are the main victims. The United Nations found that more than 95 percent of households in sub-Saharan Africa depend on solid fuels for cooking. Ir says huge populations in India, China and Latin American countries, such as Guatemala and Peru, are also at risk. Nigel Bruce is a professor of Public Health at the University of Liverpool. He says researchers are developing good cook-stoves and other equipment to burn fuels in a more efficient way. WHO experts note some new, safe and low-cost technologies that could help are already available. In India, you can buy an induction(电或磁) stove for about $ 8.00. And in Afric a you can buy a solar lamp for less than $ 1. 00. 24. What has been done to reduce indoor air pollution? A. The WHO provided selfless assistance for the poor. B. People are forbidden to use coal-stoves inside. C. The WHO issues official advice to cut down pollution, D. People are taught how to correctly use their stoves. 25. According to WHO officials, we can know that A. many people refuse to use clean fuels and technologies B. seven million people die from indoor air pollution C. simple coal cook-stoves cause loo many deaths D. the processed coal is dangerous to people’s healih 26.It can be concluded from the fifth paragraph that . A. most chilclren are suffering a lot from lung cancer B. solid fuels are easily producing pollutants C. sub-Saharan Africa is the poorest ijlace D. some countries are at the risk of using up fuels 27. What can we infer from the passage? A. More and more will die in the future. B. It is not hard to solve indoor air pollutants. C. Most people cannot afford a new stove. D. The WHO will take strong measures. C You may think, salt is just a simple cooking element we shake on our food for a little extra taste. But salt is much more than that. Without salt Our muscles would not move. Our nervous systems woud not operate. Our hearts would not beat. But do not think rubbing salt in a wound will help. Doing that would be painful and not heal the wound.To rub salt in a wound is an idiom thai means to purposefully make a bad situation worse. Early hLirnans got the salt they needed to stay alive from the animals they killed. But advances in agriculture led to a diet low in salt. So, humans needed io find other sources. Those who lived near the ocean or other natural sources for salt were lucky. Those who did not had to trade for salt. In fact, people used salt as a method of payment in many parls
of the ancient world. The word "salary" comes from the word "salt". Salt also played an important part in population movement and world exploration. Explorcrs understood that if they could keep food fresh. they could tiravel lunger distances. So they used salt to preserve food and explored the world. Salt was so important that, according io food hisiorians. it was rraded pound-for-pound for gold. Today,people still use the expressions "to be worth one's salt" or "worth one's weight in salt". The expressions describe a person of value. A person might also be called salt of the earth. That description means he or she is dependable and trustworthy. However, when you say "I think we should take what he said with a grain of salt" you mean you accept it but maintain a degree of doubt about its truth. 28. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. Salt play's an important part in our life. B. Salt makes food tasty. C. Salt is considered to be part of our muscles. D. Salt is sure to damage nervous systems. 29. A beggar's bread was stolen last night. which means . A. salt of thc earth B. rubbing salt in a wound C. a dicl low in Sall D. worth his salt 30. If you describe a p erson as agreat help, you mean . A. he is called salt of the earth B. he is often taken as a grain of salt C. he often uses salt io preservc meat D. he is worth his weight in salt 31. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Salt Is More Than a Four-letter Word. B.Salt Is a Basic Element in Cooking. C. Salt Is a Word with a Long History. D. Salt Is Popular with Different Persons. D Controlling traffic is a complex and high cost problem in many devdoped countries. It becomes more difficult and costly with the ever-incretising number of cars on the roads. But scientists and students at the CATT, at the University of Maryland are working to solve this problem. They are using simulation(模拟) technologies to help government and private business control and react to changing traffic conclitions. The onlinc economics magazine Forbes.com says traffic congestion( 拥挤 ) cost Americans $ 124 billion in 2014 and that number could rise to $ 186 billion by 2030. Bui scientists at the CATT lab are trying to reduce those cosrs. They are cleveloping a system that helps traffic managers. planners, emergency workers and businesses plan and react better. Michael Pack is CATT director. He says the system is important to help emergency workers, or first responders. reach an accident area faster. The CATT Lab collects information from many sources, including roadside devices, GPS (global positioning system) equipment and wireless phones. About 60 students aud 30 software developers observe traffic flow and manage the computer servers at all times. They also work to develop softwave and applications that can help traffic run smoother and safer, Some of them turn the information gathered into
so-called "visualizations". These visual representations help emergency workers better understand what is happening. The center shares its findings with firefighters, police. Transportation departments and the military. They also share information with universities and transportation compition.The technology company Google uses the data for its traffic-related websites. Michael Pack says, the information is then shared with anyone who wants io help traffic run more smoothly. Mr. Pack says the goal is to help develop an intelligent system of road signals that will communicate with each other and with vehicles on the road. 32. The second paragraph is written to A. attract more people to look through Forbes.com. B.tell readers what Forbes.com says on its website C. show how much money controlling costs America D. prove it is very expensive for some developed countries to countrol traffic 33. What benefit can emergcncy workers get from the system developed by the CATT lab? A. They can be safer. B. They can reach an accident area faster. C. They can get more advice from people. D. They can share their information with others. 34. Which of the following is NOT true about the developers and the students at the CATT? A. They observe traffic flow continuously. B. They develop software and applications. C. They control the computer servers occasionally. D. They change the information gathered into visual image. 35.1n which column of the newspaper can you read this text? A. Daily life. B.Science. C.Educarion. D.Exploraiiori. 笫二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分．满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Many people admit that they aren't prepared financially for life's unexpected challenges and emergencies.If your New Year's decision is to become more financially prepared for a“rainy day” the following tips are helpful for you to save, Start saving now. Set specific savings goals and break them down to a set dollar amount to save each paycheck. 36 Save at least a small portion of each paycheck ancl remain cornmitied to saving, and then look for ways each month to increase the amount. 37 One of the simplest ways to find money to put toward your rainy day fund is to keep a close eye on where your money is being spent. For two or three months, try keeping track of every expense, including small ones. Once you have a better idea of where your money is going, make a budget that includes a spending and savings plan. 38 Make saving automatic. 39 If your goal is to save $5,000 this year, calculate the amount you'll need to save from each paycheck, then arrange to have it automatically saved into your
savings account each time you get paid. Visit your bank branch and ask a banker if you can set up automatic transfers into your savings account. Go on a spending diet. Avoid spending any money on non-essentials for 30 days and challenge yourself to save as much as you can to put toward your rainy clay fund. 40 Then make a list and determine nor to spend on these items for one month, A. Track your spencling. B. Put your savings to work. C. Do remember: Actions always speak louder than words. D. The important thing is to start saving now, no matler how little. E. Treat your rainv day account like you'd treat any other financial obligation（债 务 ). F. Review your budget at the end of every month and determine if your spending is in line with your p1an. G. Review your budgct and identify extra or non-essential expenses, such as eating out,shopping. Entertainment, etc. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 笫一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分．满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In my mind. lance Armstrong is a real hero. He has 41 so many things and inspired so many people. He 42 a life-threatening disease, and has lived a verv complete life, 43 giving so much to others． He is a great teammate and leader. He 44 his winnings from races to his 45 . Armstrong knew he could win only with their help. Even though he has retired, he still helps direct the 46 .Many people admire him 47 what he has achieved. Lance Armstrong was 48 with cancer at 25 and didn't just survive but went on to again win the 49 cycling race in the world, the Tour de France. He has raised money for cancer patients. He alsu 50 the lance Armstrong Foundaiion and has helped the Make-A-Wish Foundation. He has won the Tour de France seven times, 5 1 is a great accomplishment for anyone. 52 one who survived calncer.1t is said to be the longest and must 53 race.in a11of cycling. He 54 as a helpful teammate and then became a leader. He has also 55 the Tour of Georgin. The Lance Armstrong Foundation has 56 $14.4 million for cancer research and started a center for cancer survivors. His contributions may help find a 57 I knowwhat's what he is 58 for. As you can see.Lance Armstrong has many 59 that make him a hero. He is a good leader with goals.He is an inspiration to kids and adults. I 60 that he will try his hardest to find a way to beat cancer and help its survivors. 41. A. accomplished B.adopted C.established D.artempted 42. A. suffered B.defeated C.experienced D. recovered
43. A. even 44. A. clevoted 45. A. parents 46.A.race 47. A. as 48.A.diagnosed 49.A.best 50. A. found 51. A. that 52. A. specially 53. A. famous 54. A. started out 55. A. directed 56. A. offered 57.A.means 58. A. luoking 59.A.tricks 60.A.doubt
B.then B.referred B.players B.team B.wiih B.faced B.hardest B.assisted B. which B.especially B.challenging B.made out B.managed B.donated B.cure B.asking B.qualities B.argue
C.thus C.gave C.reammates C.tour C.at C.filled C.coolest C.founded C.what C.generally C.interesting C.put out C.defcated C.collected C.treatment C.hoping C.habits C. guarantee
D. still D. explained D.friends D.sport D.for D. connected D.simplest D.suggested D.why D.normally D.attractive D.held out D.won D. earned D.case D.taking D. customs D.decide
第Ⅱ卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 When policv experts debate climate change solutions. they often talk about “a price on carbon". They are 61 (argue) about whether companies should pay when they put carbon poullution in the air. Carbon pollutiou. like everv other from of pollution, 62 (have) an impact on the environment. 63 (throw) Waste into a river will cause the fish to die and the people 64 drink the water to get sick. And when you produce carbon pollution . you get climate change-sea level rise. stronger storms, severe droughts. damage to agriculture, and more. All of those impacts cost money. Insurance rates go up when storms get more 65 (destruction). Taxes increase when cities have to rebuild bridges and roads. Military budgets go up when droughts and population 66 (change) cause conflict, not to mention impacts on agriculture and health carc costs. In other words, the price on carbon is 67 we all pay when there is no market force 68 (limit) the pollution that causes climate change. So the debate is 69 (real) about who will pay that price-70 companies which are making a profit from the fossil fuels, or the taxpayers who pick up the cost now? 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之问交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I really spent a color and happy holiciay. As senior stuclent，I am not total free in the summer holiday.That is because study is still an important part in your life. In the first rnonth of the holiday.I stayed at home to finishing my homework. There was many tasks I hacl to finish. Besides,I attended English or math training classes because of my weakness in the two subjects. After thai,I,together with my mother, went to another province to see my father, and we have not seen him for a long time. My mother and l missed him so verv much that we spent a month for him. We were happy together. 笫二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是光明中学的李华，今年夏天你去农村朋友家玩，看到大量良田被废弃，你觉得很 可惜。请你根据下列要点，给某英文报社写一封信，以此呼吁政府采取措施，来解决这一问题。 要点：1．看到的现象； 2．分析可能的原因； 3．呼吁政府采取措施。 注意：1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语和结语已为你写好。 Dear Sii or Madam, I'm I.i Hua,a student from Guangming Middle School.
Hoping to receive your early reply.
Yours. Li Hua