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(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词课堂达标训练


形容词和副词

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015·高考四川卷改编)Andy is content with the toy.It is ____________ (good) he has ever got. 解析:句意:安迪对这个玩具很满意。这是他得到的最好的玩具。从后面的定语从句 he has ever got 可以推断出这是“他得到的最好的玩具”,故此处

要用最高级。 答案:the best 2 .(2015·高考安徽卷改编)They gave money to the old people’s home either ____________ (personal) or through their companies. 解析:句意:他们给那位老人的家里送钱,有的是以个人名义,有的则是通过他们的公 司。修饰动词 gave 故用副词形式,personally 亲自,当面地,个人而言。 答案:personally 3 . (2015· 高 考 安 徽 卷 改 编 )I’m so ____________(gratefully) to all those volunteers because they helped my terrible day end happily. 解析: 句意: 我非常感激所有的志愿者, 因为他们帮我把糟糕的一天变成了愉快的一天。 形容词作表语,故填 grateful。 答案:grateful 4 . Tell your mother not to make a call while driving and her car ____________(narrow) missed a cyclist when she was on the way to work the other day. 解析:句意:告诉你母亲开车时不要打电话,前几天她在上班途中差点撞到一个骑自行 车的人。修饰动词 miss 应用副词形式,故填 narrowly,意为“差点”。 答案:narrowly 5.We used to see each other ____________(regular),but I haven’t heard from him since last year. 解析:句意:我们原先经常见面,但是从去年开始我就一直没有他的消息了。设空处修 饰动词短语 see each other,应用副词。regularly 意为“有规律地,定期地”。 答案:regularly 6.Be ____________(reason)—you can’t expect me to finish all this work in so little time. 解析:句意:讲点道理吧,你不能指望我在这么短的时间内完成所有的这些工作。设空 处作 be 的表语,应用形容词。reasonable 意为“理智的,合理的”。 答案:reasonable 7.The result is not very important to us,but if we do win,then so much the ____________(well). 解析: 句意: 结果对我们来说并不是非常重要, 但如果我们真的赢了, 那就更好了。 “the +比较级”结构表示“两者中较??的”, 根据题意可知, (在赢与不赢中)赢了比赛的结果 更好。so much the better 意为“那就更好了,再好不过了”。 答案:better 8 . Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ is often thought to be the richest woman in the world.____________,her personal wealth seems rather small.

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解析:句意:英国女王伊丽莎白二世常常被认为是世界上最富有的女人,然而,她的个 人财产似乎非常少。根据句意可知,设空处前后是转折关系,且设空处后有逗号,故填 However。 答案:However 9.When the policeman stopped us,we all looked questioningly at him,nervous and ____________(puzzle). 解析:句意:当这位警察拦住我们时,我们都疑惑地看着他,既紧张又迷茫。此处是形 容词短语作伴随状语,用于说明 we 当时的状态,故填 puzzled。 答案:puzzled 10.(2015·黑龙江四校联考改编)—I have to say that his novel is not a bit interesting.How do you find it? —How come? It’s ____________ (interest)one that I have ever read. 解析:句意:——我不得不说他的小说一点意思也没有。你觉得呢?——怎么会?它是 我看过的最有趣的一部小说。根据句意可知,此处应用形容词的最高级。 答案:the most interesting Ⅱ.语篇填空(根据括号内的词用适当的形容词或副词填空) Recently I failed an exam.However,after I came out of my teacher’s office, I told myself, “Smile! It’s not so 1.____________ (seriously).” I smiled a big smile and it worked a little,2.____________ (real). Everyone gets 3.____________ (frustrate) sometimes.I used to be always influenced by pressure and I was often in low spirits.But one day I came across a sentence in the Bible: “Do not be 4.____________ (anxiously) about tomorrow,for tomorrow will be anxious for itself.Let the day’s own trouble be 5.____________ (sufficiently) for the day.”It 6.____________ (sudden) struck me:Worrying about a problem doesn’t help.Why not just give a big smile and face up to the trouble? Now every time I want to cry,I remind myself that laughter is 7.____________ (good) than tears and anger.I am convinced that there’s something 8.____________ (magic) about a smile.A smile helps me recover 9.____________ (confident) and gives me the courage to move on. Remember,whenever you’re faced with a setback,whenever you’ve been treated 10.____________ (unfair),all it takes is determination and you can feel happy again.Smile at life,and it will shine on you. 答案: 1.serious 2.really 3.frustrated 4.anxious 5.sufficient 6.suddenly 7.better 8.magical 9.confidence 10.unfairly

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