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2014八年级下英语Unit2 I'll help to clean up the city parks.


clean-up n.

大扫除

clean up v. 打扫干净

clean up v.“打扫”。 Please clean up your bed and clothes. 请整理一下你的床铺和衣服。 clean –up n.“扫除”。 You must give your classroom a good

clean-up. 你必须对教室进行彻底地打扫。

Section A

Warming up

Would you like to be a person who can

help others?
Would you like to be a person who has to be helped by others?

We have heard of many good
deeds(事迹) done by volunteers

all over the country. They are great.
They give people help without hope

of reward(薪酬).

There are many other ways you could help people.
You could help clean up the city parks.

You could cheer up(使 某人高兴)the sick people in the hospital .

You could help sick people in the hospital.

They are hungry and homeless.

You could help stop hunger.

If I had lots of money, I would…

set up a Hope School
建立、建造
=establish

help poor kids

You could give out(分发,派发) food at the food bank

volunteer in an after-school study
program

Do you often help others?
Tell us something about the last time you helped others. I helped my classmate with math. I helped my parents with the housework. I _________________________. I _________________________. I _________________________.

1a

Look at the ways you could help people in the picture. Then list other ways

I hope to work outside.
You could help to clean up the city parks

What other ways we could help people?

Just think and fill in the blanks.

Other ways you could help people You could help the passengers with their luggage. _________________________________ _________________________________ You could help plant trees and grass to _________________________________ beautify your hometown. You could help the old people cross the street. _________________________________ You could help the police catch the thieves. _________________________________ You could help the old people clean up their houses. _________________________________ _________________________________ You could give the money to the charity and
help the poor people.

1b Listen and number the ways the boy and girl
could help others

_____The girl could visit the sick kids in 3 the hospital to cheer them up. _____The boy could give out food at the 2 food bank. _____The girl could volunteer in an after4 school study program to teach kids. _____The boy could help to clean up the 1 city parks

2a

A group of students are planning a City Park Clean-Up

Day. Listen and check (√) the things they are going to do to tell people about it.







sign n.
标牌,招牌

2b Listen again. Fill in the blanks.
1. We need to come _____ ___ up ____ with a plan to tell people about the city park clean-up.

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. We can’t _______ making a plan. put _______ off 3.We could _______ signs. put _______ up
4.Let’s make some notices, too. Then I’ll ____ hand out them ____after school.

call _______ up 5.We could each _______ ten people and ask them to come.

We need to come up with a plan. 我们必须想出一个计划。 (1)need实义动词, “必要”、“必 需” ,有人称、数和时态的变化, 可接名词、代词、动名词或带 to 的动词不定式作宾语,构成疑 问句和否定句时要借助于助动词。

The man needs an English dictionary
when he works. 这个人在工作时需要一本英语词典。 Do you need to see him yourself? 你必需亲自见他吗?

(2) need情态动词, “必须”、“必 要”,没有人称、数的变化,后接不 带to 的动词不定式。 通常用于疑问 句和否定句中,构成疑问句和否定句 时,不需要使用助动词。 Need you go to the park with your classmate? 你必需和你的同学去公园吗?

【注意】 由need引出的疑问句,答语 表肯定时用must或have to;表示否定 时用needn’t或don’t have to。 A: Need I come to work tomorrow? 明天我需要来上班吗? B: Yes, you must / have to. 是的, 你必须来。

2c Make a conversation using the information in 2a and 2b.
A: We need to come up with a plan for the City Park Clean-up Day. B: Let’s have lunch first. A: No, we need to start now. Clean-up Day is only two weeks from now. B: OK. We can’t put off making a plan. A: We can put up sings. B: Let’s make some notices, too. Then I’ll hand them out after school. A: Also, we could each call up 10 students and ask them to come

1 help sb. out “帮助某人解决难题”。 I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.
(1)help sb. with sth. =help sb. do/to do sth 在某事上帮助某人。 I help him with his English every day.

(2)help oneself to sth.随便吃食物等。 Help yourselves to apples, boys. (3)with the help of =with one’s help 在……的帮助下。 With the help of the teachers, I get good grades in all subjects.

2 They told me stories about the past and how things used to be. 他们给我讲过去的生活经历,讲过去是什 么样子的。 used to be/do 曾经…… She used to live in that city before. used to be /do 过去常做某事,现在不那 样了 Did you use to sing when you do housework?

Exercises

一、首字母填空 1.Nowadays many young people go to big ities to work. c______ 2.I often make faces to c____ heer up my children. 3. Who’d like to v_________ olunteer to sing a beautiful song for us. 4.He made a n______asking for a job in the new otice place. onely 5.He made alone and often feels l_____ 6.We could put up s____. igns 7.Let’s make some notices, too. Then I’ll h____ and them o__ ut after school.

㈡翻译下列词组: 1. 打扫________ 2. 分发________________ 3.使高兴;振奋____________ 4.sick children 5.at the food bank 6.after-school study program (三)语言学习 1. You could help to clean up the city parks. 1)help作动词,“帮助”。help sb.to do sth. 意为:___________________. 如: He often helps me to study English. 2)help作名词,“帮助”。 如:______________________. 谢谢你的帮助。 3) clean 可用作形容词,意为“清洁的,干净 的”,此外clean 可用作动词,用于以下词组:

clean up 打扫清洁或收拾整齐,整理。 clean out 打扫某物内部(如:房间,抽屉,箱子 等)clean-up (名词)打扫,清洁。练一练: It’s time for you to ___________ your bedroom. I will help you _____________ the school. Tomorrow is _____________________day, everyone should try to do some cleaning. 2. sick和ill的用法区别sick是形容词,"生病的", 同义词是ill。区别在于sick在句中可做语和定 语,而ill只能做表语。如:His father was /sick yesterday, so he didn't go to work. 他的父亲昨天病了,因此他没有去上班。 The sick girl is cleaning up the city parks.

Tom has looked after the sick girl for a week. 汤姆照顾那个生病的小女孩已经一星期了。当 ill意为"坏的,恶劣的"时,在句中可做定语。如: He is an ill child.他是一个坏孩子。 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Let’s cheer _________ (they) up, ok? 2. I’d like _____________ (visit) my English teacher tomorrow. 3. I’ll feel good about _______ (help) the old people. 4. He _____(spend) every morning _______ (do) some sports. 5. They plan ___________ (buy) a big house.

Homework Use the new words clean up, cheer up, give out,volunteer, come up with, put off, sign, notice, hand out, call up, used to, lonely, care for to make sentences.(用生单词造句)


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