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Vulnerability assessment of water resources to climate change in Chinese cities


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o   ee p s r  n  e stvt i ifr n  ie   e f h  x o u ea ds n i i n dfe e t t sa   t i y  ci r m e acte ssg i c nl   g e h   a  foh r g  i si in f a t hih rt a t to  t e   i   i y n h

g o n   fci t  h n e r u d o  lmae c a g 。wa e e o re  n t e trr s u c si  h  
s uhe  n   o t en cte   a et es mev n r o t r a d n rh r   i sh v  h  a   ule - n i  

o   in f a t Ho v r t ea a tv   a a i of i y a ii ,a dtl  a   e r eo  t n in s o l  e n tsg i c n . we e , h   d p ie c p ct     b l y n  l s med g e   fat t  h ud b   t e e o

gv n   e iin ma n . ie i d cso — kig  n
eo o y c n m ,we c n s et a h   e ta  iiso  x     a   e  h tt e c n r lcte  fe .

Co p rn  o a s s m e tr s l   r u   y t e m a ig t   s e s n  e ut g o p b  h   cte , n  h   ifr n eb t e   i  ie   do - s i s a d t ed fe e c   ewe n bg ct sa   r  i i n
d n r  i e n a a t ec p ct sr ltv l ma1 i ay ct si d p i   a a iyi eai ey s l  i v .

c m rh nsv  e ut b u  u n r bl y a s s—   i p u e t  l aec a g   r h   g e t n  h t A o p e e ier s l a o tv l ea it   se s  os r o ci t  h n e a et ehih s,a d t a  m

h  o l n  st e e se ct sa dt e we t r t e f l wi g i h   a tr   i e  n  h   se   m e t h w sta  ev l ea ii  fti h e   id   o n i n n  o  h tt   u n rb l o hst rek n s s h y t cte . n t epato   e d g e   fs n i v  te i s I  h   r  ft   e r e o  e st i i h i h  c n rlcte   r  lo t e h g e t a d t e f l w . e ta  iisae as  h   i h s. n  h  o l   o o  ie   a  o ed fe e c   n   o be s tsia  fct sh sm r   i r n e a d n t l t itc l i i a a sg i c n e Th   e re o   ev n r b ly ofo - in f a c . e d g e   ft   ulea it    r  i h i ct s a d t ev n rbit   fm e a cte  sv r ii . e n  h   ule a l y o   g   i si  ey  i i lw. ta h   a e t e o p r g tesa d d o Bu  tt e s m  i .c m ai  h  tn a   m n r

i g i t ewe tr   i   n   e e sen ct. h r  dn r   i e st e hg e t t ef l wi g i h   i   n  s h   s n ct a d t   a t r   i T ee   e y h y iay ct si h   ih s, h  o l n  st eb g i o
ae m o e dfee c s i h   d p i e c p ct . e r   r  i r n e  n t e a a tv   a a i Th   y e se   iisa esg i c n l  i h rt a  h   e . a tr c t   l i nf a t h g e h n t ec n   n e i y

ta  iis n  h   e ta  i e   r  i h rt n r lcte .a d t e c n r lct sa e h g e  ha   d v min a n  a h g o p wec nas  e   a  e i e i o  mo ge c  r u ,  a   l set t   o h t h
t e we tr   iissi h l. c m p e e sv  e ut h   sen cte   l t A  o r h n i er s l g y  

a a t e c p ct m o g m e act sh    il  i   d p i   a a i a n   g  i e  a alt df v y i s te - tedfee c saefr ih rh no e cte . h i rn e r a hg e ta t r i s h i   Th   u n rb lt c r sa o tte t p l   i e   ev l ea ii s o e  b u h  o    c t s y 0 i

a ou   ul e a lt   s e s e   h w s t tt   frn e b tnted ge f x ouea dsn ivt, b tv n r biiv a s s m nts o   ha he ee c , u     e reo ep sr n   s ii   ih e t y e se   i e   a e te lwe td g e   ft evul r at r ct sh v  h  o s  e r eo     le - n i h l   a i t,h t ec n rl ie   a eteh g e t e re b ly ta   e ta  t sh v    i h s  g e   i h t ci h d o   ev l ea i  a d t a h   se   iisae ft   u n r b l h i n  h tt ewe tm ct   r  e p a e  n t em i d e Th   n l ssa o tv ra c   lc d i h   d l . ea ay i  b u  a in e
l   e3

a dtels 1  ie r a k di  e1 be3( e n    at 0ct saern e   t  1 l t   h   i nh a   h assme teut a o t te ie r mie) we ses n  sl b u  h r t saeo t d,   r s o ci t

V l e a i t  a k t ef s  0c t s n   e ls  0c t s u n rb ly r n : h   rt1   i e   dt   t1  i e   i i   i a h a   i

O 1    1 2

Z o  . 。 o  . c l ia c n m   0 061 614 h uJB Z uJ/E oo c l oo yr 1) .0 —1  g E 2 '

c ns ete fau eof h  xr meyv l r bly a d a  e h e tr  t ee t e l unea it n   i t erlt es bl  ie . et p 1   ie  r  l s  h  eai  t ect s Th  o    ct sa eamo t v a i 0 i i  h   e ta  n   se   r a a d h v     i h r n t e c nr la d we tm ae . n   a e a h g e  d g e   fe p s r , u    a e  d p i ec p ct. e r eo  x o u e b tawe k ra a tv   a a i   y h   t1 ct sa   il h   atr ct s wh s   T els   i e  emany tee se  i e . o e a 0 i r n i m an f au e   r  e y l w  e r e o   ee p s r   i  e t r sa ev r  o d g e   ft   x o u e h

The ci ae c a g   a   i n fc n   fe t  n   lm t  h n e h ssg i a te cs o   i wae  e o r e , i  h   e r ea   r c s  f h   t rr s u c s w t t ed g e  ndp o e so   e h t g o a  r i   c e e ai g a   e pe i g. l b lwa ng a c lr tn   nd d e n n Thi  n s i mpa tw ilb   o e a gr s i e a d sgn fc n . c  l e m r  g e sv   n   i i a t   i   Th   e u toft i  pe s o y p e i i r   n   er s l    h spa r i  nl  r l na y a d m

r ltve e a i ,w h c   nl  x r s e  h   g e   ft e i h o y e p e s s t e de r e o  h  

a dh g e  d p iec p ct, u t edfee c nt e v n r bii  e a ie y a d c u d n tr fe tt e n ih ra a t  a a i b t h i rn ei h   v y ul e a l y r ltv l , n   o l  o  e lc h   t

d g e  f esn i vt  e e   ok n s f ie     a s u e v ne a lt,s     e   t d   nd i — e e t   s ii b t nt  i d     t s s r o h e t y we w o ci i b olt  ul r bi y o we ne d su y a  m   i
nt i  o bg. p o ei f rh r r v t u te .  

4Con l i n     cuso s

A c o e g m e t  kn wl d e ns

Th   a e   o sr t    ul r b lt un to   e p p rc n tucsa v ne a ii f ci n, y i cud n   x o u e e stvi   n   d ptv   a  n l i g e p s r ,s n ii t a d a a i e c — y

Th spa r i    r  fr s a c   e ul o  h   i  pe  sa pa o  e e r h r s t ft e t  

C I  rjc sp ot  yt   uo enU in LMA Poet u p r db  eE rpa   no  , e h
Asa n   r g a m e  iLik P o rm .

p ct,a c r i  o t evun rbii   o c ptp o   ai y c o dng t h   le a l y c n e   r — t
p s d b  PCC.e t b ihe  n a s s m e ti d c . oe yI sa ls sa   se s n  n i a  t r yse o   trr s u c st  lm aec a g  n o ss t m  fwa e e o r e  o ci t h n ei 

Re e e e   f r nc s

cte  a d a a y e   ule a ii  e t r s o   . i s n   n l z sv n r b l y f au e  fChi i t  
n s   i sb s d o   5   ii s d t n 2 0 Th   e e ct   a e   n 6 5 cte ’ aa i  0 6. e e a s s m e tr s lss o t a h r   r   itn tv   s e s n  e u t  h w h tt e e a e d sic i e

【】0f e  fn t nc odn t n c mmi e  n ci t  1 f eo  ai   o r iai   o i o o t eo   l t mae

c a g O C C . e ig T eP o l’ R p bi h n e( NC C ) B i n : h   e p e   e u l  j s c
o  fChia I ii lNa i a  n  n ta  ton lComm u c to   n Clm ae nia in o   i t 

d fee e  nc mp e e sv   ule a l , ns ie ir rnc si  o r h n iev n r bi t i p t  i y
o     fe e c sa ft di r n e   mon  h   x o u e e st t   he g t e e p s r ,s n ii y vi
a d a a tv   a ct   r  ma l ea iey Tha s  n   d p i e c pa i a e s l r lt l. y   v ti, t e v ne a lt  t e n no t en  n   o t e   h   ul r bii bew e   rh r a d s u h r y n cte  sam os  a e u h r  r   o d si c i   i si  l i ts m 。b tt e e a e n   itn t ve

C a g I CC)2 0 . h n e( NC ; 0 4 

[ 2 o n n   E B t r ed R e 1 C i t c a g  】D w ig T , ut f l  , t . l e h n e ei a ma  
v n r b ly:ln n  m p csa   d p ain.Ox o d: ule a ii t ikig i a t  nd a a tto fr   Unvest  fOx o d; 001 i ri o y fr 2 .  

d fe e c s t e ea edsi ci ed fe e c sa o g irr n e ;h r r   itn tv   i r n e  m n  
t e e se , e ta   n   s e   i e ; he c n r l h   a t r c n r la d we t r c t s t   e t a   n n i

[]NikB Vun rbly r ka da a tt n ac n e t l 3 c   . lea it,i  n  dpai :  o c p   i s o ua
fa w o k r me r .W o kig pa r38 y alCe te f rCl  r n   pe  .T nd l   nr  o   i — m aeCh n eRe e rh; 00 . t  a g   s ac 2 3 

cte  a  h   i h s  e r eo   e v l r b l y  iish vet e h g e td g e   ft   unea ii , h t
a d t e f lo n  st e we tr   i e ; hed g e   n  h  o l wi g i h   se n ct s t   e r e i o  n  h   u n rbii   fm e a cte  ssg i — fa d t e v l e a l y o   g   ii si  i n f   t i c nl  o e   a  h t  t rcte ;hed g e     a ty lw rt nt a  ohe  i s t   e r eof h of i t e v l r b l y o   i  iisi  l l w e h nt t h   unea ii   fbg c t  sa l o rt a  ha  t e   o  r i r  iis  f dnay cte . o Ac o d ng t  he f r e   s e s e   e ul, c r i   o t   o m r a s s m ntr s t   w e n e   o i e t e p i rt   h n w e s tu  h     e d n tc  h   ro iy w e     e   p t e a a t d po iy o  lm a e c a e ta e c e — d p e   lc   fc i t   h ng .S r tgi  m   p ssc u d f C So  h   e ta  iisa d o di ha i  o l  o U   n t e c n r lcte   n   r .   n r   ii s o   a t r   n   e a c t s a y cte ;f re sen a d m g   ii ,we c u d e   o l  a e u tl   et er sr n ra a tv   a ct  o d q a ey us h i to ge  d p i ec pa i t   y
a o dt e n g t e i v i  h   e a i   mpa t t e d g e   ft e e p — v c ; h   e re o     x o   h

【】Nik BW, iA, ta_ ed tr n nso  un r 4 c  Nel e ITh   eemia t fv le—      
a i t  n   d p i ec p ct   t h   a in l e e  n   b l y a d a a t   a a i a  e n t a  v l d i v y t o l a
t e i p iai n   ra a t to G lb   vio m e t   h  m lc to sf   d p ai n. o alEn r n o nal
Ch n e 0 ,1 a g ,2 05 5:1 1 1 3. 5 -6  

[]Amy L Da i  5   L, vdBL, t 1A  to   rq a t yn   e  . meh d f  u ni ig a o f
v nea lt,a pl d t  hea iut r ls se o  h   ul r bi y p i  o t   grc lu a  y tm  ft e i e Ya u  q iVal y l ,M e c G lba  vio e xio. o lEn r nme t lCh n e, n a  a g   2 3 3 25 - 67  00 ,1 : 5 2 .

【】Bo l HG, wnn   , t 1Cl t h n ea ds — 6 he   Do igTE e  . i ec ag  n  o  a ma
ca  u n rb l :o r   o il g  n   e g a h   f il l e a i t t wad as co o y a dg o rp y o   v i y
f od i s c rt .Gl ba  vio o  n e u iy o lEn r nme a  a e   4, ntlCh ng ,1 99  

4 1: 74 . () 3 —8 

[]CutrS Vun rb ly t  n i n na  a ad . 7 te  L. lea it oe vr me tl z r s i o h  
Pr g e si  o r s nHuma   og a y   6 20 52 — 3   n Ge rph ,1 99 , : 9 5 9.

s r o   e we t m   i e  sl we,i  p t  ft e u e ft   se ct si o r n s ie o     h i h
a a tv  a a i  sa s  o r b t o p e e sv   d p i ec p ct i  lol we , u   m r h n i e y c v l e a iiy i  o   r e trg tno u n r b lt  sn tu g n  i h  w;t u h t e ho g  h   m e a cte  lo h v   o ep o e s v ro   e - g  iisas   a e s m   r blm , a iusp r 

【】Rio C. h  a sl t cu eo  un rbl :t a — 8 b tJ T ec ua  r tr  f lea it i p  su v i y s
p iain t   i ae i a ta ayss Ge J u n l   5  lc to  ocl t mp c  n l i. o o r a,1 m 99 ,
3 5,1 9 1 2.   —2   1

[]CakWC,a e , t 1Ases gv lea it   lb l 9 lr  Jgr e  . ssi  un rblyt go a  J a n i o
e vio me t   s . p r  ft   o k h p o   le- n r n nal ks Re oto   i r heW r s o   n Vun r 

f r a c  sp a e  nt em i d e s  h y sil a e o m n ei  lc d i h   d l. ot e  tl h v    
t ea ii  od a  i  t h  b lt t  e l t i. y w h  

a it oGlb l n i n n l a g : aln e   r b l t  o a E vr me t   i y   o a Ch n e Ch l g sf   e o

13 1 

Z o   B , o    c l i l c n m 2 1 ). 0 —1   h u   Z u /E oo c   o o y( O o6 1 6 1 4 J J g aE '

Re e r h, s sm e ta   cso   a i ,W a r n  s ac As e s n  nd De iin M kng re —

[7 1 】Ch nYN,   H, ta. fe t o  l t  h n e e  Li W e  1 E fcs fci ec a g    ma
o   ae  e ou c si  rm  v rBa i ,Norh e t n w t rr s r e  n Ta i Ri e   sn t w s 

tn. A . s a c  n   se s e  yse sf rSu ti — o V Re e rha dA s sm nt S tm  o   san  a ii   r g a Dic s inPa e  0 0—    blt P o r m  s u so   p r2 0 1 y 2.

C i .o ma o   vrn na S i c s2 0 , 94 : hn Ju l f n i me t  c n e, 0 7 l() a   E o l e  
4 84 3(   iee. 8 —9 i Chn s) n   [8 Wa gS , uJ , t 1E oe vrn na v lain 1 】 n   Y Li S e a. c ?n i me tl au t       o e o
i h    o Rie   sn n t eYel w  v rBa i ,Ch n .Pe o ph r ,2 8  l ia d s e e 00 ,

【0 S rj  MieH. ssigterb s es fa at— 1 ] uaeD, k   Asesn    o ut s o   pa    h n   d
t   e iinst  l ae c a g   c ran is   a e i d c so  o ci t  h n e un et ite :a c s   on m
su y o   trr s u c sm a ge n  n t   s  f t d   n wa e  e o r e   na me ti heEa to  

Eng a d.G l a  ln ob IEnv r nm e t l io n a Ch ng .2 7、1   a e 00   7:
5 . 2  97 .

1 f) 1 11 2(   hn s) 82 : 7 — 8 i C iee. n   [9 L  , h  H, t 1A  zya ayi irrh  rc s  1] i S i L Z e  . f z  n lt heac ypo es a u c
a pr a h t  c — n r m e alvune a iiy a s s — p o c  o e o e vion nt   l r b lt  s e s 

[】 1]Mi k uMA, l sE e 1Re inlmp cso l  mio   Bat   , t . go a  a t f i a a i   c—
m aec ng     trrs u c sq a t ya dqu ly i— t ha eonwae  e o re   u ni  n   ai  n   t t

me tf rt e Da i n k u Re e v i Ar a n   o   h   n i g o   s r o r e ,Ch n . a   ia  

dctr.o ra o Hy rlg , 0 0 2 4 12 : 5 19  i o sJu l f doo y 2 0 . 3 ( —19 —0 . a n   【2 o   , edK, t 1Ad paino t n o  en a  1]R bDL R i  e  . a tt  pi sfrh  er   a o o t
t r :ci t  ha e a d t e Ca a a   trs co . em lma ec ng   n  h   n din wa e  e t r  

E oo ia  d ln , 0 9 2 0 2 ) 3 3 —4 7(   c lgc l Mo el g 2 0 , 2 (3 : 4 93 4 i i n
Chn s) ie e.  
『0 ue d aNK. go a o t o  o  trrs uc s o 2 ]S rn r  A lb l ul kfr   o wae eo re    t
t   e r2 5.W ae   s r e   a a e e t   8, he y a  02 trRe ou c sM n g m n .1 99  

Gl b l n i n n a Ch n e 2 01 1 ( ) 2 1 2 5  o a  v r me tl a g , 0 , 13 : 3 - 4 . E o  

[3 D ll l J n     e a. mp c   f l t c a g  1】 e a , u g p   A t 1I a t o   i e h n e   s c ma  
o   u f c   trqu l y i  eai n t  ikig wae  n s ra e wae   ai  n rlto  o drn n   tr t

1() 1 71 4 23 : 6 — 8 .  

【  neg v rmetl ae  nCl t  h n eWokn   2 ]ltro en na P n l   i eC a g  rig 1   o ma
Gr p Ii ou  i.Clm aeCh n   001 I p cs i t  a ge2 : m a t,Ad pa in a tto  
a d Vun r blt 2  . n   le a ii y; 001  

po u t n n i n n nen t n l 2 0 , 5 8 : r d ci .E vr me tItr ai a, 0 9 3 () o o o  
1 2 — 23 . 2 5 1 3 

『4 iu i sv  He e r  1]L o bmte aE, nb yGM. l t n   n i n  C i ea de vr — ma o
m e a  h ng  n a i  e ta a i mpa t .v ne — ntlc a e i  rd c n r 1 sa:i cs ul r 

【2 h n    t n lE vrn na  ntrn   n r  2 ]C iaNai a  n io me tl o Mo i ig Ce te o ( CNE C) Su y o   c lgc la d E vr n na  M . td   n E oo ia  n   n i me tl o

a ly n   d pa in . ou a  bit,a d a a tto s J m 1 i ofArd En r n nt, i  vio me s 

Qu lyo   hn . e ig C iaE vrn e t   c   a t f i B in : hn   n i m na S i i  C a j o l —
e c s rs; 0 4(   hn s) n e  es 2 0 i C iee. P n  

2 0 , 3 1)9 39 7 0 9 7 (1: 6 —7 .  

2 】 t a  u e uo  tt t   f n . iaCi o sc Ch y [5 T n   PAs s n m t d f u ea it o  ae 1】 a gG . s s t e o     l rbl  f t   [ 3 Nain lB ra  fSai iso   ia Chn   t    e me   h o v n i y w r r s ur e  de  l a  i t  h ng A d a e i  e o c sun rg ob lclma e c a e. v nc  n Sai i l e ro k B in : h aSai i   rs; tt t a Y ab o . e ig C i   t s c P es sc  j n tt s   E r  ce c s2 0 ,  3 :  — 7(   iee. at S in e, 0 0 l() 3  3  i Chn s) h 5 l l n 3   2 0 i  hn s) 0 7( C iee. n   [6 i  L. n e t n  u niv  ses n  f un r 1]LuL Co c p  dq a tieassme t   le— a t ov  
a lt  fwae  e o r e bi y o   trr s u c .Bul tn ofSo Ia d w ae  i l i    l n   t r e  

[4 2 ]Miit  fCo srcino  R ( ns yo   n t t  fP C. MOC . iaUr r u o ) Chn   -   b nC n t ci   t i i I e ro k B i g C ia a  o s u t n S t t a Y ab o . e i : hn  r o a se   j n
Ar htc u e& Bu li gPr s;2 07  c i tr e id n   e s 0 .

Co srain 2 0 , 22 :  4 i  iee. nev t , 0 2 2 ( )4 一4(nChn s) o l  

14 】 


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