南通市 2012—2013 学年度第一次模拟考试 英 语
第 I 卷 (三部分 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分)
第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 1
5 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Some people think it __________ privilege to study abroad, but it doesn’t make _________ sense if you go when you even cannot look after yourself. A. a; 不填 B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. the; a 22. Technology has quickened the rate _________ we communicate with the world around us. A. for which B. at which C. to which D. with which 23. We have made good preparations for Sarah’s birthday, but if she ________ late to the party, it would ruin the surprise for her. A. comes B. would come C. had come D. were to come 24. It seems impossible for the two neighboring countries to arrive at a ________ on the conflict in the near future. A. comprehension B. compromise C. combination D. competence 25. Seeing the road _________ with snow and cyclists falling down here and there, we decided to walk to our office. A. to block B. blocking C. blocked D. to be blocked 26. — Good morning, Sir. You were looking for me just now? — Yes. I _________ have a talk with you. Will you come to my office now? A. had better B. would rather C. may as well D. would like to 27. Time can never _________ from us Chinese the sadness and heartache caused by World War II. A. turn away B. give away C. wipe away D. put away 28. — Mary works really hard and she does well in her tests. — Well, ________. A. you reap what you sow B. that’s her feet of clay C. she is the apple of our eyes D. that’s her cup of tea 29. I _________ Lucy to be careful with her handwriting all the time, but she hasn’t polished it at all. A. told B. have been telling C. will be telling D. have told 30. — I hear your new head is a little arbitrary in making decisions. — _________, he often listens to our suggestions! A. In addition B. As a result C. In other words D. On the contrary 31. I need complete quietness when I am writing. A little noise from the outside _________ my inspiration will go.
A. otherwise B. but C. and D. while 32. — Hello, Tom. This is Mary speaking. — What a coincidence! I __________ about you. A. was just thinking B. just thought C. have just thought D. would just think 33. In the English language, sentence stress is like word stress and is _________ gives English its rhythm. A. when B. why C. that D. what 34. Generally, senior citizens enjoy their freedom and they prefer to live on their own _________ they can. A. as long as B. as far as C. now that D. even though 35. — I’ve studied your program, Peter. Could I make some suggestions? — _________. I am all ears. A. By no means B. Take it easy C. Go right ahead D. With pleasure 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 “Scotty!” Mr. Brown, my Year 11 English teacher, called me by my nickname (绰 号) across the classroom. His eyes were bright and a secret 36 was half hidden behind the beard. Once he finished joking over my unbearable 37 , I realized he was going to read my story aloud to the class. I turned red, feeling at once both embarrassed and 38 . I had my very 39 reading audience! Though my classmates were a ‘passive audience’, it didn’t weaken my feeling of being 40 . After that, I came to 41 those Year 11 English classes. Throughout school I had always studied hard and achieved well in my school subjects. But creative 42 was a passion, and it was not an assignment, but a way of understanding the world and of 43 my thoughts and feelings about events and attitudes. Mr. Brown was the first to 44 me for my writing so openly. My scores were always 19/20 or 20/20. My stories were often read out to the class. He even 45 one with the respected Head of English teachers, which was the most 46 part that is impressed on my memory. But 47 that, he offered a belief in me that no other teacher had. My school 48 often stated, ‘Candice is a quiet achiever.’ I thought it was meant as a(n) 49 for being hard-working. I was someone that no one really 50 before, but Mr. Brown managed to 51 all that by bringing me to the attention of the world. Though it was the relatively 52 world of school, it put the seed of belief in myself that some day I could be an 53 person rather than the person who faded into the background. I 54 touch with my teacher long ago, as we do when we move away from the school system and enter life. I wish I could tell him now how much he 55 me. 36. A. trick B. fear C. surprise D. smile
37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.
A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.
sadness ashamed unfriendly special love thinking organizing train compared interesting more than days praise believed forget developed important sought owed
B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B.
shyness calm devoted intelligent hate reading collecting recommend shared shocking other than efforts urge noticed compensate limited educated regained influenced
C. weakness C. thrilled C. small C. famous C. attend C. writing C. expressing C. criticize C. composed C. challenging C. instead of C. books C. reason C. supported C. change C. preserved C. honest C. lost C. satisfied
D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
kindness depressed first diligent miss speaking hiding acknowledge exchanged exciting in spite of reports competition respected prove disturbed optimistic ignored attracted
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The argument over a Philadelphia school district accused of secretly spying on pupils through laptop cameras became fiercer today after it acknowledged obtaining more than 56,000 images of its students, many of them in their homes. When the scandal (丑闻) first broke, it was believed that only a few pictures had been taken of one pupil, Blake Robbins. But court papers released this week showed that thousands of images were taken of Robbins and other students. Robbins and his parents have filed an action against the school district. Court papers from the Robbins’s lawyers said that at first it was thought that the laptops’ technology had produced a few images but they found more than 400 of Robbins, including images “showing him partially undressed and sleeping”. Robbins said he did not know why the spying device was activated (激活) as his laptop had not been reported stolen or missing. Other students whose pictures were taken said their laptops had not been reported stolen or missing either. An administrator at the school, one of the few with authority to track the laptops, remained silent, refusing to answer questions. The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that 38,500 of the images came from six laptops that had been reported missing from the Harriton gym in September 2008. These apparently helped the police catch a suspect. Another set of images were from cameras in laptops which employees responsible for tracking failed or forgot to turn off. The court papers, filed by Robbins’ lawyers, said that the technology was
activated between 20 October and 4 November last year, with most of the 400 shots of him while he was in his home, and included his family. “There were additional webcam pictures and screen shots taken of Blake Robbins which, up to now, have not been recovered because the evidence was deleted by the IT department,” the court papers say. One of Robbins’ lawyers is trying to obtain access to the administrator’s home computer to confirm whether she downloaded any of the pictures. The court papers indicate she may be a voyeur (窥隐私者) though it has not been proved. 56. We can learn from the passage that _________. A. Robbins’ parents remained calm over the scandal B. Robbins had his laptop stolen before the scandal C. the laptops’ technology produced some images D. the private rights of the students were offended 57. What did The Philadelphia Inquirer say about the case? A. The police had found some evidence. B. Most of the laptops in Harriton gym were missing. C. Employees in charge of tracking deliberately left the laptops on. D. There was obviously more than one suspect related to the case. 58. According to the court papers, the administrator _________. A. may have spied her students on purpose B. may have broken into Robbin’s house C. has downloaded many students’ pictures D. has removed evidence from computers 59. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Modern technology has negative effects on our lives. B. Students in Philadelphia are accustomed to being spied on secretly. C. A Philadelphia school is charged with spying students through laptop cameras. D. The American government should take measures to improve teachers’ qualities. B Why 2012 was the best year ever It may not feel like it, but 2012 has been the greatest year in the history of the world. Never has there been less hunger, less disease or more prosperity (繁 荣). The West remains in the economic depression, but most developing countries are charging ahead, and people are being lifted out of poverty at the fastest rate ever recorded. The number of deaths caused by war and natural disasters is also mercifully low. We are living in a golden age. Take global poverty as an example. In 1990, the UN announced Millennium Development Goals, the first of which was to halve the number of people in extreme poverty by 2015. It turned out this year that the target was met in 2008. The doom-mongers (末世论者) will tell you that we cannot maintain worldwide economic growth without ruining our environment. But while the rich world’s economies grew by 6 per cent over the last seven years, fossil fuel (矿物燃料) consumption in those countries fell by 4 per cent. This remarkable achievement has
nothing to do with green taxes or wind-farms. It is down to consumer demand for more efficient cars. Advances in medicine and technology mean that people across the world are living longer. The average life span in Africa reached 55 this year. Ten years ago, it was 50. The number of people dying from Aids has been in decline for the last eight years. Deaths from malaria have fallen by a fifth in half a decade. War has historically been human’s biggest killer. But in most of the world today, a generation is growing up that knows little of it. The Peace Research Institute in Oslo says there have been fewer war deaths in the last decade than any time in the last century. Fifty years ago, the world was breathing a sigh of relief after the Cuban missile crisis. Young couples would discuss whether it was responsible to have children when the future seemed so dark. But now, it’s worth remembering that, in spite of all our problems, the forces of peace, progress and prosperity are prevailing (占优 势). 60. What has caused the decrease in the fossil fuel consumption? A. People have to pay heavier taxes on fossil fuel. B. There are more and more renewable resources now. C. There is a sharp decline in the number of cars. D. People are purchasing more energy-saving cars. 61. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. People don’t suffer from malaria any more. B. There were many more war deaths in the last century. C. The young generation shows little interest in war. D. The number of Aids-affected people is declining. 62. Which one does NOT help prove that 2012 was the best year ever? A. Fewer natural disasters occurred. B. Global poverty relieved. C. Cuban missile crisis ended. D. Technology and medicine advanced. 63. The author tries to inform people that _______. A. 2012 witnessed more advances in developed countries B. 2012 brought us less starvation and more prosperity C. 2012 saw economic growth as well as environmental destruction D. 2012 provided us with a peaceful world free from conflicts C SAS Institute 2012 rank: 1 (2011 rank: 2) Headquarters: Cary, N.C., USA Software company SAS climbed to the top of the global list this year, edging up from the No. 2 spot it held last year. So what makes this company so great to work for? Well, for one thing, its leaders are certainly accessible. CEO Jim Goodnight hosts monthly “Conversations Over Coffee,” unscripted breakfast meetings that are open to all employees. These conversations are so popular that other division heads have begun to hold similar events for their employees.
Google 2012 rank: 2 (2011 rank: 4)
Headquarters: Mountain View, Calif., USA Google moved up by two spots in this year’s ranking of global workplaces. The highly desirable tech receives 61 times as many applicants as they have existing jobs, and for good reason. Google seems to be all about coaching. The company’s “CareerGuru” program makes 43 of its senior leaders available for one-on-one, confidential career coaching sessions with other Googlers. Engineering employees at all levels can also get advice from “EngAdvisors”, senior engineers at Google who can discuss any number of issues, like work-life balance, conflict resolution, and performance reviews. NetApp 2012 rank: 3 (2011 rank: 3) Headquarters: Sunnyvale, Calif., USA All new employees at data storage provider NetApp participate in the TOAST (“Training On All Special Things”) orientation program, which introduces new arrivals to NetApp’s senior management. The meetings are held every month and are always led by the executive team. Microsoft 2012 rank: 4 (2011 rank: 1) Headquarters: Redmond, Wash., USA As part of Microsoft’s commitment to promoting women in technology, the company established its DigiGirlz program in 2000. Microsoft hosts a series of DigiGirlz Day events where female high school students meet Microsoft employees and learn about careers in technology. In 2011, some 36 Microsoft locations across the world hosted more than 2,000 girls. Microsoft also holds DigiGirlz High Tech Camps, multi-day programs where participants get hands-on experience with technology during workshops and meet with tech executives. 64. What helped make SAS climb to the top of the list in 2012? A. Accessible leaders. B. Popular divisions. C. Qualified employees. D. Quality software. 65. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage? A. Microsoft employed over 2,000 girl workers in 2011. B. New engineering Googlers could get advice from senior Googlers. C. All NetApp employees had to attend a special training. D. All leaders in SAS had the same conversations with their employees. 66. These American companies are ranked according to _________. A. the training program each company establishes B. the wealth each company possesses now C. the level of technology each of the company reaches D. the number of people willing to work for the company D Now came great news! It came from a neighboring state, where the family’s only surviving relative lived. It was Sally’s relative — a distant relative by the name of Tilbury Foster, seventy and single. Tilbury now wrote to Sally, saying he should shortly die, and should leave him thirty thousand dollars, cash; not for love, but
because money had given him most of his troubles, and he wished to place it where there was good hope that it would continue its evil work. The bequest would be found in his will, and would be officially handed over provided that Sally should be able to prove to the executors (遗嘱执行人). As soon as Aleck had partially recovered from the strong emotions created by the letter, she sent someone to the relative’s home and subscribed for the local paper. For the rest of the day Sally made confusion with his books, and Aleck could not keep her mind on her affairs, not even take up a flower-pot or book or a stick of wood without forgetting what she had intended to do with it. For both were dreaming. “Thirty thousand dollars!” All day long Aleck was absorbed in planning how to invest it, Sally in planning how to spend it. There was no romance-reading that night. The children took themselves away early, for their parents were silent, disturbed, and strangely unentertaining. Two pencils had been busy during that hour — note-making; in the way of plans. It was Sally who broke the stillness at last. He said, with excitement, “Ah, it’ll be grand, Aleck! Out of the first thousand we’ll have a horse and a buggy for summer, and a cutter and a skin lap-robe for winter.” Aleck responded with decision and calmness. “You can spend a part of it. But the whole of the capital must be put right to work. “Why, yes. Yes, of course. Have you got it invested yet?” “No, there’s no hurry about that; I must look around first, and think, er?, I’ve turned it over twice; once in oil and once in wheat.” “Why, Aleck, it’s splendid! What does it amount to?” “I think — well, to be on the safe side, about a hundred and eighty thousand clear, though it will probably be more.” “My! Isn’t it wonderful? Good heaven! Luck has come our way at last, Aleck!” Then they went up to bed, but they left the candle burning in the sitting room. They did not remember until they were undressed; then Sally was for letting it burn; he said they could afford it, if it was a thousand. But Aleck went down and put it out. A good job, too; for on her way back she hit on a scheme that would turn the hundred and eighty thousand into half a million before it had had time to get cold. 67. Why would Tilbury like to give all his money to Sally? A. Because Sally was Tilbury’s only relative alive. B. Because Tilbury loved Sally and his family deeply. C. Because Tilbury wanted his money to continue its function. D. Because Sally and his wife are good at investing. 68. The underlined word “bequest” in Paragraph1 probably means _________. A. a gift of personal property B. a proof of a person’s identity
C. a method of getting money D. a reason for giving money 69. What do we know about Sally and his wife after receiving the letter? A. They were in deep sorrow and stayed up all night. B. They cared little about the bequest and lived their life as usual. C. They paid a visit to Tilbury to confirm the truth of the letter. D. They had a big ambition to invest the money and make huge profits. 70. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Thrilling News B. Sally’s Distant Relative C. The $30,000 Bequest D. A Smart Investment 第Ⅱ卷 (两部分 共 35 分) 第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 The basics of infrastructure design It is rightly pointed out various intellectuals that the lifestyle of today is vastly different from that of the earlier times especially in terms of its pace. Lifestyle of today is remarkably fast paced and so in order to catch up with such a pace of life, the adoption of smart and time saving methods is of real significance. Well, the highways have certainly contributed in this direction and have made our lives a lot easier. Thanks to the modern flyovers and expressways, a single route can be accessed by twice the number of vehicles at the same time. These facilities and supplies have made our lives double free but it needs to be realized that designing and constructing it is a very complex and a long process. You have to hold fast to the various rules of designing, government standards and most importantly, their safety and usability for the people. In the end it is a joint effort of a number of skilled engineers, scientists and statisticians. The material that is used in the construction is finalized after it undergoes certain tests for evaluating their qualities like hardness, roughness, thickness and all that is required. Some of the points you have to take care of while laying an infrastructure design are as follows: The basic layout (布局) of the road — At this level of planning, various civil engineers have meetings to figure out the basic requirements of the road like thickness of the asphalt (沥青), the size of lanes, distance to be covered, degree of curves and much more. These fundamental points help them decide the further line of action. The prior steps — Before any work is stated over the basic plan layout, there are various preparations to be made like placing road signs, the removal of trees that may prove to be dangerous in the event of a storm or other natural causes, the positioning of fire hydrants (消防栓) based on special designs to be useful when required, etc. Inclusion of safety barriers — The safety barriers are placed on almost all roads and highways that are made over or near to rivers and cliffs. These barriers
keep the vehicles from moving into the traffic in instances of accidents. These should also be designed in advance of placing them on a road and the design should be such that it makes minimum impact upon the people sitting in the car. These include supplies like side rails and light poles. Asphalt pavement marking — It is the process of using a reflective material to indicate various important points on the road like lanes, turns, passing areas, two way and one way roads. Though the smooth and wide highways constructed in big cities seem to be very attractive for the drivers, the ease of use is also the cause of accidents. Cars rushing at extremely high speeds and insecure change of lanes are a common sight on the highways. With the help of novel infrastructure design engineers, we can make the best possible use of highways. If these are designed properly and sign boards are placed at the required points, a number of road accidents can be avoided. The basics of infrastructure design Reason construction infrastructure for of Infrastructure must (71)_________ the demands of today’s fast-paced lifestyle. Various rules, standards, safety and usability should be taken into careful consideration. Challenges of design and (72)_________ Skilled engineers, scientists and statisticians have to work hard (73)_________. Materials must qualities. be (74)_________ to ensure their
Various engineers meet to make sure about fundamental (75)_________ of the road. Things like (76)__________ trees that are potentially dangerous must be done before construction. Safety barriers should be carefully (77)_________ before being placed to prevent accidents. Material that can (78)_________ light should be used to marks on the pavement. Possible problems and solutions Smooth and wide highways may (79)_________accidents. Highways should be designed properly and sign boards (80)_________ at the required points.
Points to follow
第五部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 81．右面这幅图片反映了一位学生从因特网上下载音乐的情景。 请你根据对这幅图片的理解用英语为某英文报写一篇短文。 你的短文应包含以下内容： 1．描述图片内容，如情景、人物、动作，等等。 2．简要分析产生这种现象的原因。 3．结合自身实际，谈谈你对保护音乐知识产权的看法。
注意： 1．可参照图中文字及下面文章开头所给提示，作必要的发挥想象。 ．．．． ．．．． 2．词数 150 左右。开头已经写好，不计入总词数。 3．作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 To many people, music has always been part of life, and they listen to music on the radio, on TV, on iPad and on the Internet. As is vividly shown in the picture, _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 南通市 2012—2013 学年度第一次调研测试参考答案 英 语
参考答案： 21—25 ABDBC 26—30 DCABD 31—35 CADAC 36—40 DBCDA 41—45 ACCDB 46—50 DADAB 51—55 CBACB 56—60 DAACD 61—65 BCBAB 66—70 DCADC 71. meet / satisfy 72. construction 73. together 74. tested 75. requirements 76. removing 77. designed 78. reflect 79. cause 80. placed One possible version: As is vividly shown in the picture, the music fan is trying to download songs he enjoys, but every time he wants to download something, the website requires payment first, which annoyed him. How he wishes that the music were all free! Many people download free online music regularly without even realizing they have done harm to others’ right. When we can no longer download for free, we will
naturally become dissatisfied. However, as the intellectual property law has come into effect, websites are forbidden to provide free music download, which is certain to benefit the whole society in the long term. From my point of view, we should pay to download music. The artists work very hard to compose music. If they don’t get paid, they will feel there is very little value in their work. In this case, many composers will lose passion to go ahead and gradually we will find beautiful music no where. (150 words)