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专业英语词汇


电气专业常用英语 FMECA(Failure Mode Effect and Criticality Analysis)基于故障模式、影响和致命度分 析 电力系统 power system 发电机 generator 励磁 excitation 励磁器 excitor 电压 voltage 电流 current 升压变压器 step-up transformer 母线 bus 变

压器 transformer 空载损耗:no-load loss 铁损:iron loss 铜损:copper loss 空载电流:no-load current 有功损耗:reactive loss 无功损耗:active loss 输电系统 power transmission system 高压侧 high side 输电线 transmission line 高压: high voltage 低压:low voltage 中压:middle voltage 功角稳定 angle stability 稳定 stability 电压稳定 voltage stability 暂态稳定 transient stability 电厂 power plant 能量输送 power transfer 电网 power system 落点 drop point 开关站 switch station 调节 regulation 高抗 high voltage shunt reactor 并列的:apposable 裕度 margin 故障 fault 三相故障 three phase fault 分接头:tap 切机 generator triping 高顶值 high limited value 静态 static (state) 动态 dynamic (state) 电抗 reactance 电阻 resistance 功角 power angle 有功(功率) active power 电容器:Capacitor 电抗器:Reactor 断路器:Breaker 电动机: motor 功率因数: power-factor 定子: stator 阻抗: impedance 功角: power-angle 电压等级:voltage grade 有功负载: active load PLoad 无功负载:reactive load 档位:tap position 电阻:resistor 电抗:reactance 电导:conductance 电纳:susceptance 上限:upper limit 下限:lower limit 额定 rating 正序阻抗:positive sequence impedance 负序阻抗:negative sequence impedance 零序阻抗: zero sequence impedance 无功 (功率) reactive power 功率因数 power factor

无功电流 reactive current 斜率 slope 变比 ratio 参考值 reference value 电压互感器 PT 分接头 tap 仿真分析 simulation analysis 下降率 droop rate 传递函数 transfer function 框图 block diagram 受端 receive-side 同步 synchronization 保护断路器 circuit breaker 摇摆 swing 阻尼 damping 无刷直流电机:Brusless DC motor 刀闸(隔离开关):Isolator 机端 generator terminal 变电站 transformer substation 永磁同步电机:Permanent-magnet Synchronism Motor 异步电机:Asynchronous Motor 三绕组变压器:three-column transformer ThrClnTrans 双绕组变压器:double-column transformer DblClmnTrans 固定串联电容补偿 fixed series capacitor compensation 双回同杆并架 double-circuit lines on the same tower 单机无穷大系统 one machine - infinity bus system 励磁电流:magnetizing current 补偿度 degree of compensation Electromagnetic fields 电磁场 失去同步 loss of synchronization 装机容量 installed capacity 无功补偿 reactive power compensation 故障切除时间 fault clearing time 极限切除时间 critical clearing time 强行励磁 reinforced excitation 并联电容器:shunt capacitor 下降特性 droop characteristics 线路补偿器 LDC(line drop compensation) 电机学 Electrical Machinery 自动控制理论 Automatic Control Theory 电磁场 Electromagnetic Field 微机原理 Principle of Microcomputer 电工学 Electrotechnics Principle of circuits 电路原理 Electrical Machinery 电机学 电力系统稳态分析 Steady-State Analysis of Power System 电力系统暂态分析 Transient-State Analysis of Power System 电力系统继电保护原理 Principle of Electrical System's Relay Protection

电力系统元件保护原理 Protection Principle of Power System 's Element 电力系统内部过电压 Past Voltage within Power system 模拟电子技术基础 Basis of Analogue Electronic Technique 数字电子技术 Digital Electrical Technique 电路原理实验 Lab. of principle of circuits 电气工程讲座 Lectures on electrical power production 电力电子基础 Basic fundamentals of power electronics 高电压工程 High voltage engineering 电子专题实践 Topics on experimental project of electronics 电气工程概论 Introduction to electrical engineering 电子电机集成系统 electronic machine system 电力传动与控制 Electrical Drive and Control 电力系统继电保护 Power System Relaying Protection 电气专业英语英汉对照表 agc automatic generation control 自动发电控制 amr automatic message recording 自动抄表 ass automatic synchronized system 自动准同期装置 ats automatic transform system 厂用电源快速切换装置 avr automatic voltage regulator 自动电压调节器 bcs burner control system 燃烧器控制系统 bms burner management system 燃烧器管理系统 ccs coordinated control system 协调控制系统 crms control room management system 控制室管理系统 crt cathode ray tube 阴极射线管 das data acquisition system 数据采集与处理系统

dcs distributed control system 分散控制系统 ddc direct digital control 直接数字控制(系统) deh digital electronic hydraulic control 数字电液(调节系统) dpu distributed processing unit 分布式处理单元 ems energy management system 能量管理系统 ets emergency trip system 汽轮机紧急跳闸系统 ews engineering working station 工程师工作站 fa feeder automation 馈线自动化 fcs fieldbus control system 现场总线控制系统 fss fuel safety system 燃料安全系统 fsss furnace safeguard supervisory system 炉膛安全监控系统 gis gas insulated switchgear 气体绝缘开关设备 gps global position system 全球定位系统 hcs hierarchical control system 分级控制系统 lcd liquid crystal display 液晶显示屏 lcp local control panel 就地控制柜 MCC Motor Control Center (电动机)马达控制中心 MCS Modulating Control System 模拟量控制系统 MEH Micro Electro Hydraulic Control System 给水泵汽轮机电波控制系统 MIS Management Information System 管理信息系统 NCS Net Control System 网络监控系统 OIS Operator Interface Station 操作员接口站 OMS Outage Management System 停电管理系统 PAS Power Application Software 电力应用软件 PID Proportion Integration Differentiation 比例积分微分

PIO Process Input Output 过程输入输出(通道) PLC Programmable Logical Controller 可编程逻辑控制器 PSS Power System Stabilizator 电力系统稳定器 RTU Remote Terminal Unit 站内远方终端 SA Substation Automation 变电站自动化 SCADA Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition 数据采集与监控系统 SCC Supervisory Computer Control 监督控制系统 SCS Sequence Control System 顺序(程序)控制系统 SIS Supervisory Information System 监控信息系统 TDCS(TDC) Total Direct Digital Control 集散控制系统 TSI Turbine Supervisory Instrumentation 汽轮机监测仪表 UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply 不间断供电 WMS Work Management System 工作管理系统 ABS (American Bureau of Standard)美国船级社 ANG (Angle Bar)角钢 BFE (Builder Furnish Equipment)建造商提供设备 BG (Bulk Carrier)散货船 BHD (Bulkhead)舱壁 BHP (Break Horsepower)制动马力 BL (Base Line)基线 BM (Breadth Molded)型宽 BV (Bureau Veritas)法国船级社 CAD (Computer Aided Design)计算机辅助设计 CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing)计算机辅助制造 CB (Center of Buoyancy)浮心 CCS (China Classification Society)中国船级社 CF (Center of Floatation)漂心 CFE (Contractor Furnish Equipment)承包商提供设备 CG (Center of Gravity)重心 CH (Channel)槽钢 CM (Metacenter)稳心 CPP (The Controllable Pitch Propeller)可调螺距桨 CS (Carbon Steel)碳素钢 DB (Double Bottom)双层底 DK (Deck)甲板 DM (Depth Molded)型深

DNV (Det Norske Veritas)挪威船级社 DWG (Drawing)图 DWL (Design Waterline)设计水线 DWT (Deadweight)载重量 FAT (Factory Acceptance Test)工厂验收试验 FB (Flat Bar)扁钢 FEM (Finite Element Method)有限元法 FPSO (Floating Production Storage Offloading) 浮(船)式生产储油卸油系统 FSO (Floating Storage Offloading)浮(船)式储油卸油系统 Fwd (Forward)向船艏 GL (Germanischer Lloyd)德国船级社 GM (Metacentric Height)初稳心高 HP (Half Bulb Plate)球扁钢 LBP (Length between Perpendiculars)垂线间长 LCG (Longitudinal Center of Gravity)纵向重心 LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas Vessel) 液化石油气船 LOA (Overall Length)总长 Long. (Longitudinal)纵骨 LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas Vessel) 液化天然气船 LR (Lloyd's Register)英国劳氏船级社 MDK (Main Deck)主甲板 MODU (Mobile Offshore Drilling Units)移动式近海钻井平台 MS (Mild Steel)低碳钢 MTO (Material Takeoff)材料估算 NK (Nippon Kaiji Kyokai)日本海事协会 OFE (Owner Furnished Equipment)船东提供设备 OT (Oil Tight)油密 PL (Plate)板 RI (Register Italian)意大利船级社 SB (Starboard)右舷 Semi- (Semi-submersible Platform)半潜式钻井平台 STLP (Suspended Tension Leg Platform)悬式张力腿平台 TCG (Transverse Center of Gravity)横向重心 TEU (Twenty-foot equivalent Unit)20 英尺国际标准集装箱 TLP (Tension Leg Platform)张力腿平台 UCLL (Ultra Large Crude Carrier)超大型油船 VCG (Vertical Center of Gravity)垂向重心 VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier)特大型油船 WB (Web Bar)腹板

WL (Waterline)水线 WT (Water Tight)水密 [color=Red]MECHANICAL & PIPING(轮机):[/color] AHU (Air Handling Unit)通风装置 BHP (Break Horsepower)制动马力 A/C (Air Compressor)空气压缩机 A/C (Air Conditioning)空调 BB (Ball Bearing)滚珠轴承 BRG (Bearing)轴承 CAS NUT(Castle Nut)蝶型螺帽 CCR (Central Control Room)中心控制室 COW (Crude Oil Washing)原油洗舱 DFO (Diesel Fuel Oil)柴油 DPS (Dynamic Position System)动力定位系统 DT (Double-Thread)双头螺纹 FS (Forged Steel)锻钢 FW (Fresh Water)淡水 FO (Fuel Oil)燃油 GRP (Glass-reinforced Plastic)玻璃钢 HVAV (Heating Ventilation and Air-condition)暖通空调系统 HPU (Hydraulic Power Unit)液压工作站 LSA (Life Saving Apparatus)救生器具 LCC (Local Control Console)机旁控制台 LO (Lube Oil)滑油 MDO (Marine Diesel Oil)船用柴油 OS (Operation System)操作系统 PLC (Programmable Logic Controller)逻辑控制单元 PMS (Power Manage System)动力管理系统 [color=Red]ELECTRICAL(电气):[/color] AC (Alternative Current)交流电 AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulation)自动电压调整计 CCTV (Closed Circuit Television)闭路电视 CMS (Cargo Monitoring System)货物监控系统 DC (Direct Current)直流电 DFT (Dry Film Thickness)干膜 DG (Diesel Generator)柴油发电机 DVD (Digital Video Disc) 数字化视频光盘 EMSP (Emergency Shutter Panel)应急关断板 ESS (Emergence Shutdown System)应急关闭系统 GPS (Global Position System)全球定位系统 HG (Harbor Generator)停泊发电机 HT (High Temperature)高温 JB (Junction Box)接线盒

LED (Light Emitting Diode)发光二极管 LT (Low Temperature)低温 MCU (Main Control Unit)主控器箱 MG (Main Generator)主发电机 MUR (Manual Voltage Regulation)手动调压器 NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association)国际电气制造业协会 PA (Public Address System)公共寻呼系统 PWM (Pulse Width Modulation)脉宽调制 ST (Starter)启动器 SWBD (Switch Board)配电盘,配电板 UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply)不间断电源 VCR (Video Cassette Recorder)录像机 [color=Red]PAINTING(涂装):[/color] ARD (Alkyd Resin Deck)醇酸树脂甲板漆 ARF (Alkyd Resin Finish)醇酸树脂面漆 ARP (Alkyd Resin Primer)醇酸树脂底漆 A/C (Anti-corrosive Paint)防腐漆 CAF (Compressed Asbestos Fiber)压缩石棉填料 EDP (Epoxy Deck Paint)环氧甲板漆 EFP (Epoxy Finish Paint)环氧面漆 EPP (Epoxy Primer Paint)环氧底漆 ETPF (Epoxy Tank Paint Finish)环氧舱室面漆 ETPP (Epoxy Tank Paint Primer)环氧舱室底漆 ETP (Epoxy Topside Paint)环氧干舷漆 ERL (Erosion Resistant Lacquer)防腐漆 ECP (Etching Primer) 磷化底漆 EPR (Ethylene-Propylene Rubber)乙丙橡胶 F/C (Finish Coating)面漆 IZP (Inorganic Zinc Primer)无机锌底漆 IZSP (Inorganic Zinc Shop Primer)无机锌车间底漆 UTP (Polyurethane Topside Primer)聚氨脂干舷漆 TE (Tar Epoxy Paint)环氧焦油漆 VTP (Vinyl Tar Primer)聚乙烯焦油底漆 ZRP (Zinc Rich Primer)富锌底漆 [color=Red]WELDING and Material(焊接与材料):[/color]

ASTM (American Society for Testing Materials)美国材料实验协会 AWS (American Welding Society)美国焊接协会 FCAW (Flux Cored Arc Welding)药芯焊丝电弧焊 FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Polyester)玻璃钢 GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding)气体保护金属极电弧焊 GRP (Glass Reinforced Polyester)玻璃钢 GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding)气体保护钨极电弧焊 GW (Gravity Welding)重力焊 MPI (Magnetic Particle Inspection) 磁粒检验 NDE (Nondestructive Evaluation)无损鉴定 NDT (Nondestructive Testing)非破坏性检验 PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride)聚氯乙烯 S/W (Spot Weld) 点焊 SAW (Submerge Arc Welding)埋弧焊 SMAW (Shielded Metal Arc Welding)手弧焊 UT (Ultrasonic Test)超声波检验 WPS (Welding Procedure Sheet)焊接程序表 WQT (Welding Qualification Test)焊工资格检验 [color=Red]OTHERS(其它):[/color] AE (Assistant Engineer)助理工程师 ANSI (American National Standards Institute)美国国家标准局 API (American Petroleum Institute)美国石油协会 ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)美国机械工程师协会 Bbls (Barrels) 桶(美制容量单位 1 桶 = 159 升),C.E. (Chief Engineer) 总工程师 CEO (Chief Executive Officer)首席执行总裁 CIS (Chinese Industrial Standard)中国工业标准 CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Company)中国海洋石油总公司 Co Ltd.(Company Limited)(股份)有限公司 cu.ft. (Cubic Feet) 立方英尺 cu.in. (Cubic Inch) 立方英寸 GB (Guo Biao)国标 GM (General Manage)总经理

H.Q. (Headquarters) 总部 HSE (Health, Safety & Environment)健康,安全和环保 ID (Inner Dimension)内径 IEC (International Electro technical Commission)国际电工协会 IMO (Intergovernmental Marine Organization)国际海事组织 ISO (International Standardization Organization)国际标准化协会 ITU (International Telecommunication Union)国际电信联盟 Ksi (kilopounds per square inch)千磅/平方英寸 N/A (None Applicable)不适用 NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineer)全国防蚀工程师协会 NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)国家防火协会 OD (outer Dimension)外径 QA (Quality Assurance)质量保证 QC (Quality Control)质量管理(检查) ST (Short Ton)短吨 SOLAS (International Convention of the Safety of Life at Sea)国际海上人命安全公 约 Spec. (specification)说明书,规格书 sq.ft. (Square Feet) 平方英尺 sq.in. (Square Inch) 平方英寸 [color=Red]PROPER NOUN(专有名词):[/color] Basic Design(基础设计): Preparation of specification and plans/drawings outlining the design and in sufficient detail to gain Class approval. 总括性的设计规格书和图纸等,其详细程度仅足可以通过船级社认可其设计思想。 Detail Design(详细设计):Development of Basic design into specifications, plans/drawings which are Class approved enabling production of Vessel. 对基础设计的进一步详细扩展而来的规格书及图纸等,它们经船级社认可后即可用于生产。

Shop Drawing(生产设计图纸):Development of Detail Design into drawings which are Owner approved enabling fabrication of Vessel. 由详细设计扩展而来的用于船舶建造的施工图纸。 Piping Lofting(管路放样):Application of program or manual to ensure the proper position of piping in vessel. 应用软件或人工来确定船舶中管路的正确位置。 Electrical Lofting(电气放样):Application of program to ensure the reasonable arrangement of cables in vessel. 应用软件来确定电缆的准确走向。 94 FLAT FACE F/F 面材 95 FLAT PANEL ASSEMBLY FLAT FANEL ASS'Y 平钢板组立 96 FLOOR FLOOR 肋板 97 FLUX CORED ARC WELDING F.C.A.W. 磁通曲线电弧焊 98 FORE PERPENDICULAR F.P. 船艏垂线 99 FORECASTLE DECK F'CLE DK 船艏楼甲板 100 FOREPEAK F.P. 首尖舱 101 FOREWARD FWD(F) 船艏方向 102 FOUNDATION FOUND. 基架 103 FRAME FR. 肋骨 104 FRAME SPACE F.S. 肋骨间距 105 FRESH WATER TANK F.W TK 淡水罐 106 FULL PENETRATION F.P. 焊透 107 FUNNEL FUNNEL 烟囱 108 GALVANIZED GASV. 镀锌 109 GENERAL, ARRANGEMENT G/A 一般布置图 110 GIRDER GIR. 钢桁的支架 111 GIRTH LENGTH GIRTH LENGTH 围长 112 GOLIATH CRANE G/C 龙门吊 船运常用英语缩写 阅读: 1267 时间: 2006-5-30 17:03:00 编辑: 珠三角 ABT about 大约 ABV above 以上 ACCT account 由...承担,租船人,租家 ADV advise 通知 ADD address 地址

AFMT after fix main terms 主要条款定下之后 AGT agent 代理 ARBI arbitration 仲裁 BBB before breaking bulk 开舱卸货前 B/DAYS banking days 银行工作日 BENDS.BE both ends 指装卸两头(港) BGD bagged 袋装的 BLK bulk 散装(货) BS/L bills of lading 提单 BSS 1/1 bases 以一个装港一个卸港为基准 BWAD brackish water arrival draft 船到卸港的吃水 CHOPT charterers’ option 租家选择 CHRTS charterers 租船人,租家 CO charterers option 租家选择 COMM commission 佣金 COUNTER 还盘 C/P charter party 租约 C.Q.D customary quick dispatch 按港口习惯速度尽快装卸 CVS consecutive voyage DFD demurrage/despatch 滞期/速遣

DHD demurrage/free despatch DOP droppint outward pilot DRRK derrick 吊杆 DWAT deadweight all told DWCC deadweight cargo capacity EIU even if used 即使使用 ETA expected time of arrival 预抵时间 ETD expected time of departure 预离时间 FHINC Fridays and holidays included FIO free in & free out 船东不负责装/卸费 FIOST free in,out, stowed(理舱) trimmed(平舱) FILO free in , liner out 船东不负责装,但负责卸 FLT full liner term 全班轮条款,即船东负责装/卸费 FLWS follows 下列 FRT freight 运费 FWAD fresh water arrival draft GENCON,GCN 金康合同 GROSS TERMS liner terms IAC including Address Commission(租家佣金) IACS international association of classification societies 国际船级社

LIFO liner in, free out 船东负责装,但不负责卸 LYCN laycan laytime and cancel time L/D loading/discharging 装/卸 MIN 至少 FLUSIT TWN MOLOO more or less at owners option 增减由船东选择 NAABSA more or less at charterers option 增减由租家选择 NOR notice of readiness 船舶备安通知 NOM nominated 指定的 OAP over age premium 船的超龄保险 OFFER 报盘 OO owners option 船东选择 OPTN option 选择 OWRS owners 船东 PART CGO part cargo 拼装 P & I CLUB protection and indemnity associations 船东互保协会 PPT prompt 即装,马上要装 PMT per Metric Ton 每公吨 PWWD per weather working day 每晴天工作日 RCVRS receivers 收货人

SBA safe berth anchor 安全锚地区性 泊位 SBP safe berth port 安全 泊位 安全港 SDBC,SD single deck 一层舱 统舱(船) S/F stowage Factor 积载因素 SHEX Sunday holiday Except 星期天,节日不包括在内 SHIPPER 发货人 SPOT indicates that a ship or a cargo is immediately available. STEM refers to the readiness of cargo and is often a prerequisite to the fixing of a vessel, eg. Subject stem subject to the cargo availability on the required dates of shipment being confirmed. SURVEYORS 验船师 SWL safe working load. SWAD salt water arrival draft SUB subject 以…为条件 TD,TWN tweendeck 二层舱(船) TIP taking inward pilot TNNG tonnage 指船 TTL total UU unless used 除非使用 WIBON whether in berth or not 不管靠泊与否

WIFPON whether in free pratique or not 不管船舶检验与否 WIJION whether in joint inspection or not 不管船舶联检与否 WIPON whether in port or not 不管抵港与否 W/M weight or neasure WOG without guarantee 不保证 WP weather pernitting WTS working time saved 按节约的工作时间计算 WWDSHINC weather working days Sundays and holidays included 晴天工作日,包括星期天及节假日 W.W.W.W WIPON,WIBON,WIFPON,WIJION YRS years 年 BLT Built 建造年份 CALL SIGN: 呼号 CBM: 立方米 CLASS: 船级 DRAFT 吃水 DWT: Dead Weight 载重吨 FLG: 船旗 G/B: 散/包装舱容 GRT/NRT: 总登记吨/净登记吨

HH: hatch 舱口 hold 舱 APS arrival pilot station 到达引航站 ATDNSHINE actual time of dispatch BOD bunker on delivery BOR bunker on redelivery Ballast Water 压舱水 Beaufort Scale 蒲福风级 3 级 CONS consumption 消耗 耗油 Douglas state of sea 3 道式海浪 3 级 DTLS details DLOSP 到达引航站 DEL delivery 交船 deratting certificate 恶意鼠证书 ENT/VICT 给船长用于招待的费用 FW fresh water GMT 国际标准时 H.cover hatch cover H+M value 船的价值 ILOHC 还船时给船员的扫舱费 NIL nothing 无

IWL institute warranty limits IFO industrial fuel oil 燃料油 KTS knots 节 Laden 载满 MDO 船用柴油 marine diesel oil oil MGO marine gas oil NYPE 纽约土产期租船合同 P/F prefer 宁可,优先 RDEL redelivery 还船 ROB remaining on board SPD speed 航速 —————————————以下可能有重复—————————————— AA Always afloat 经常漂浮 AA Always accessible 经常进入 AA Average adjusters 海损理算师 AAR Against all risks 承保一切险 AB Able bodied seamen 一级水手 AB Average bond 海损分担证书 A/B AKtiebolaget (瑞典)股份公司 A/B Abean 正 横 ABS American Bureau of Shipping 美国船级协会

ABT About 大约 ABB Abbreviation 缩略语 A/C,ACCT Account 帐目 AC Alter couse 改变航向 AC Account current 活期存款,来往帐户 AC Alernating current 交流电 ACC Accepted; acceptance 接受,同意 ACC.L Accommodation ladder 舷梯 A.&C.P. Anchor & chains proved 锚及锚链试验合格 ACV Air cushion vehicle 气垫船 ACDGLY Accordingly 遵照 AD Anno Domini 公元后 AD After draft 后吃水 ADD Address 地址 ADDCOM Address commission 租船佣金 ADF Automatic direction finder 自动测向仪 AD VAL Ad valorm 从价(运费) ADV Advise;advice; advance 告知;忠告;预支 A/E Auxiliary engine 辅机 AF Advanced freight 预付运费 AFAC As fast as can 尽可能快地 AF Agency fee 代理费 AFP Agence France press 法新社 AFS As follows 如下 AFT After 在。。。之后

A/G Aktiengeselskabet (德)股份公司 AG Act of god 天灾 AGRIPROD Agricultural products 农产品 AGN Again 再 AGT Agent 代理 AGW All going well 一切顺利 AH After hatch 后舱 AHL Australian hold ladder 澳洲舱梯 AL 1st class ship at Lloyd's 劳氏一级船 AM Ante meridiem 上午 A/M Above mentioned 上面提及的 AM Amplitude modulation 调幅 AMC Armed merchant cruiser 武装商船队 AMT Amount 金额 AMVER Automated Mutual Vessel Rescue system 商船自动保管系统 AOB As on board 如在船上 A/O and / or 和/或 AOD As on delivery 如同交船 AOR As on redelivery 如同还船 AP Associated press 美联社 AP All purpose 通用 AP Additional perils 附加风险 AP Age premium 船龄保险费 AP Addtional premium 附加保险费 APPROX Approximate; approximately 大概,大概地

APS Arrive pilot station 抵达引水站 AR All risks; against all risks 一切奉贤;承保一切险 ARR Arrive; Arrival 抵达 ARRG Arrange (for) 安排 ART Article 物品,条目 AS Arrived ship 抵达船舶 AS After sight 见票后(远期) AS Average statement 海损理算书 AS Alongside 船边 AS Annual survey 年检 ASA Always safely afloat 经常安全漂浮 ASAP As soon as possible 尽快 AT American terms(grain) 美国(谷物)条款 ATC All time to count 计入全部时间 ATL Actual total loss 实际全损 ATS All time saved 节省全部时间 ATTN Attention(to) 注意 AUT CP American Union Transportation Charter Party 美国工会运输租约 AUG August 八月 AUX Auxiliary 辅助的 AV Avenue 街道 AV Average 平均的;海损 AVR Automatic voltage regulator 自动电压调节器 AV Average speed 平均航速 AWB Air way bills 航空提单

ABS.STA Abstract statement 摘要 ADDEE,ADD'SEE Addressee 收信人,收报人 A/N Above named 上述的 APP Appendix 附录 APV Approve; Approval 批准,核准 A/S As stated 如上述 BEC Because 因为 B.D.I. Both dates inclusive 包括首尾两日 BE(NDS) Both ends 双边(装卸两港) BHP Brake horse power 制动马力 BE Bill of exchange 汇票 BDS Board(timber) 木板 BIZ Business 业务、商务 B'DLE Bundle 捆 BH Bill of health 健康证书 BD Bar draught 过滩吃水 BGN Begin 开始 B4,BF Before 在。。。之前 BBC British Broadcasting Corp. 英国广播公司 BC British Corporation 英国船级社 BAL Balance 收支平衡;余额 BC Bulk carriers 散装船 BAF Bunker adjustment factor 燃油附加费 BB Below bridge 桥楼下 BD Bank draft 银行汇票

B/C Blue card 兰卡 BB Ballast bonus 空放费 BCREC Bale capacity remaining in each compartment 每小舱剩余的包容积 BC Before the birth of Jesus Christ 公元前 BALTIME 1939 The Baltic& International Maritime Conference Uniform Time Charter 1939 1939 年波罗地海海运会议的统一期租约 BE Bill of entry 进口报告书 BG Bonded goods 保税货物 BC Bareboat charter 光船租赁 B/L Bill of lading 提单 BNK Bank 银行 BP British Petroleum 英国石油公司 BPGC Bearing per gyro compass 电罗径方位 BOD Bunkers on delivery 交船燃油 BOR Bunker on redlivery 还船燃油 B/ Booking note 订舱单 B/O Branch office 分支机构 BM Breadth amidship (船)中宽 BOT Board of Trade (英)商务部 BLDG Building 建筑物,大楼 BLT Built 建造 BOFR best offer 最佳极盘 B/O Branch office 分支机构 BO Buyer's option 买方选择 BPSC Bearing per steering compass *舵罗径方位

BRL Barrel 桷 BR Branch 分支,分公司 BS Bioler survey 锅炉检验 BS Balance sheet 决算表 BS Bill of sale 抵押证券 BS Bill of store 船上用品免税单 B/S Bags; bales 包;袋 B/ST Bill of sight 即期汇票 BST British Summer Time 英国夏季时间 BST Beijing Summer Time 北京夏季时间 B.SEA Black sea 黑海 BT Berth terms(liner terms) 班轮条款 BTN Between 在。。。中间 BV Bureau eritas 法国船级协会(社) BW Bonded warehouse 保税仓库 BWT Ballast water tank 压舱水柜 BC Birth certificate 出生证明 B.D. Brought down 接下页 C Centigrade 度 CABADD Cable Address 电报挂号 CAPT. Captain 船长 CAL Caliber 口径 CAP Containerized at pier 在码头装箱 CBN Container booking note 集装箱订舱单 CC Carbon copy (to) 抄送

CC Convertible currency 兼用货币 CC Current cost 时价 CC Civil commotions 内乱 CC Continuation clause 连续条款 CC Chamber of Commerce 商会 CCPIT China Council for the Promotion of International Trade 中国国际贸易促进委 员会 CCS Convertible Container ship 兼用集装箱船 C&D Collected and delivered 运费收讫和货物交毕 CDI Course deviation indicator 航偏指示器 C/D Commercial dock 商业码头 C/D Cancelling date 销约日 CD Consular declaration 领事声明 CF Cargo fall 吊货索 CUBF,C.F. Cubic feet 立方英尺 CFM Confirm 确认 CFS Container freight station 集装箱货运站 CG Coast guard 海岸警备队 CGA Cargo's proportion of general average 共同海损的货物分摊额 CHENG,C/E Chief engineer 大体 CHOP Charterer's option 租方选择 CHOFF,C/OFF Chief officer 大副 CHQ Cheque 支票 CHRTRS Charterers 租船人 CI Cargo insurance 货物保险

CI Crew Insurance 船员保险 CI Consular invoice 领事签证 C & I Cost and insurance 货价加保险 C/I Certificate of insurance 保险证书 CIA Cash in advance 现金借支 CIF Cost, insurance and freight 到岸价格 CIF & E Cost, insurance, freight and exchange 到岸价格加汇费 CIMT Convention of international Multimodal Transport 国际多式联运公约 CLD Cleared 办清出口手续 CL Clause 条款 C/L Crew list 船员名单 CLC Civil Liability Certificate 油污证书 CMEA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance 经互会 CMT Custom marine towage 海上习惯拖带 CN Contract number 合同号码 CN Cover note 认保单 CN Credit note 货款通知单 CN Consignment note 发货通知单 CN Certificate of nationality 船籍证书 CNEE Consignee 收货人 C/O Care of 由。。。转给 C/O Certificate of origin 原产地证 CO. Company 公司 C/O Cash order 现金汇单 CO2 Carbon dioxide 二氧化碳

COA Contract of affreightment 运输合同 COD Cash on delivery 现金交货(货到付款) CONT Continued 继续 COW Crude oil washing 原油清洗 CO-OP Cooperation 合作 C/P,CP Charter party,Custom of port 租约,港口惯例 CPA Closestpoint of approach 最接近距离 CPD Charterers pay dues 租船人负责租金 CQD Customary quick despatch 港口习惯快速装卸(班轮条款) CR Current rate 现行费率 CR Cost of repair 修理费用 CR Carriers risks 承运人奉贤 CS conventional ship 普通货船 CS Cargo subrogation 货物代位求偿(转让书) CS Chamber of shipping 航运协会 CSC The International Convention for Safe Containers 国际集装箱安全公约 CT Containerized traffic 集装箱运输 CT Container terminal 集装箱码头 CT Combined transport 联运 CTA Communicate ot all address 不保密(分送电) CTC Contact 联系 CTL Constructive total loss 推定金额 CTN Carton 纸箱 CTNR Container 集装箱 CUD Could 能,可以

CUN The Charter of the United Nations 联合国宪章 CW Clock wise 顺时针方向 D/A (Vessels must)discharge afloat 船舶必须在漂浮状态卸货 D/A Disbursement account 使费帐目 DAP,D/P Documents against payment 付款交单(跟单付款) DAP Days all purposes 装卸共用天数 DAP Decontainerized at pier 码头拆箱 DB Double bottom 双层底 DC Deratization certificate 除鼠证书 DC Direct current 直流电 D/C Deviation clause 弯航条款 D/C Demise charter 光船租赁合同 D/C Daily consumption (燃油)日耗量 DC Dangerous cargo 危险品 DD Dry dock 干坞 DD Dated 日期 D/D Despatch/demurrage 速遣/滞期 D/D Days after date 到期后。。。日 D/D Delivered at docks 码头交货 D/D Demand draft 即期付款 DDC Despatch discharging only 速遣费仅在卸货时计付 DEC. December 十二月 DEG Degree 度 DELY Delivery 交船,交货 DEPT. Department 处,部门

DESTN Destination 目的港 DF Dead freight 空舱费 DFT Drafts 吃水 DHD Demurrange harf despatch 速遣费是滞期费的一半 DHDLTSBE Demurrage harf despatch lay time saved both ends 滞期费,双边节省的装卸 时间的速遣费减半 DISCH Discharge 卸货 DIS.,DISBT Disbursement 使费 DISPORT Discharging port 卸货港 DIV Division 科室 DIY Do it yourself 自助(自己动手做) DLO Despatch loading only 速遣费仅在装货时计付 DLRS Dollars 元 DN Debit note 借项通知单 D/O Disponent owners 二船东 DO Dotto 同上 DO, D.O. Diesel oil 柴油 D/O Delivery order 交货单 DOLPS Dropping off last pilot station 最后引航站引水员下船 DOP Dropping outward pilot 出口引水员下船 D/P Documents against payment 跟单付款 DP Displaced person 被替换人员 DP Direct port 直达港口 DPA Deutsche Presse Agentur 德新社 DR Dock receipt 场站收据

DR Deposit receipt 保证金收据 D/S Days after sight 见票后...日 DST Daylight savings time 夏令时 DT Deep tank 深舱 DWT Dead weight 载重吨 D/W Dock warrant 码头收货单 DWC Dead weight capacity 载重吨 DWN down 向下 DS Draft survey 吃水检验 DZ Dozen 打 DSRK Deutshe Schiffs Rivision 德国船舶登记局 E East 东 E.& O.E. Errors and omissions excepted 错误和遗漏不在此限(有错当查) EC East coast 东岸 EDI/O Empty chassis in/out 空底盘车进/出 EEC European Economic Community 欧洲经济共同体 E.E. Errors excepted 错误免除 E.G. Ejusdem generis(of the same kind) 例如 EIR Equipment intercharge receipt 设备交接单 EIU Even if used 即使使用 ENG Engineer 工程师 ENCL Enclosed,enclosure 附,附件 E/R,ER Engine room 机舱 E.O.H.P. Except otherwise herein provided 除非另有提供 EP Extra premium 附加保费

EP Estimated position 推算船位 ES Echo sounding 回声探测法 EST. Estimated 预计的 ET Equation of time 时差 ET Estimated time 预计时间 ETA Estimated time of arrival 预抵时间 ETB Estimated time of berthing 预离时间 ETC/ETCD Estimated time of completion (of discharge) 预完货时间 ETC et cetera 等等 ETC Estimated time of commencement 预开装/卸期 ETCL Estimated time of commence / complete loading 预开/完装货期 ETR Estimated time of return 预回程期 ETR Estimated time of repair 预修船期 ETS Estimated time of sailing 预开船期 EUREKA European Research Coordination Agency 尤里卡(欧洲研究协调局) EX. Excluding 扣除 EX. Excluted 已执行 EX. Exchange 汇票 EXAM Examination 测验 EDF Estimated date of flight 预定飞行日期 EV Entry visa 入境签证 ETDELY Estimated time of delivery 预交船期 ETREDELY Estimated time of redielivery 预还船期 E.R. En route 在途中 F Fog 雾

F Fahrenheit 华氏温度 F & A Fore and aft 首尾 FAA Free of all average 一切海损均不赔偿 FAC Fast as can 尽快 FAP First aid post 急救站 FAQ Fair average quality 大路货 FAQ Free alongside quay 码头边交货 FA Free alongside ship 船边交货 FAX Facsimile 图文传真 FCC First class charterers 一流承租人 FCL Full container load 整箱货 FC & S Free of capture and seizure 虏获或捕捉不保条款 FCS Full container ships 全集装箱船舶 FD Free discharge 船方不负担卸货费 F & D Freight and demurrange 运费和滞期费 FD Forced discharge 强行卸货 FD Forced draughts 强制通风,压力通风 FD Free delivery 免费交货 FD Free docks 待租泊位 FE Far east 远东 FEB February 二月 FEC Foreign exchange certificate 外汇兑换券 FEFC Far East Freight Conference 远东水脚公会 FFA Free from alongside 船边交货 FH First half 前半部

F/I Freight insurance 运费保险 FI Free in 船方不负担装船费 FIB Free into Bunkers (燃料)船上价格 FIB Free into barge (燃料)油驳价格 FILO Free i & liner(term) out 船方不负担装费,负担卸费 FIO Free in and out 船方不负担装卸费用 FIOS Free in, out and stowed 船方不负担装卸、积载费用 FIOST Free in , out, stowed and trimed 船方不负担装卸、积载和平舱费用 FI. Floor 楼层 FLWG Following 如下 FLWS follows 如下 FL/EM Full/empty 满/空 FM From 从,由 FMC Federal Maritime Commission 美国联邦海事局 FMR From maintenance and repair 坏箱修复回收 FO For orders 等待指示 FO Firm order 实盘 FO,FLO. Fuel oil 燃料油 FOB Free on board 离岸价格 FOC Free of charge 免费 FOC Flag of convenlence 方便旗 FOD Free of discharge 免付卸费 FOQ Free on quay 码头交货价格 FOR Free on rail 铁路交货价格 FOT Free on truck 卡车交货价格

FOW First open water 解冻前首次派船 FP Floating (Open) policy 未定船名保单 FPA Free of particular average 不保单独海损 FPT Fore peak tank 前尖舱 FRC Fire resisting construction 防火建筑 FRI Friday 星期五 FRT Freight 运费 FT Feet 英尺 FWD Forward 向前 FWE Finished with engine 停机 FCC Free of charterers' commission 免付承租人租金 FYG For you guidance 供你参考 FYI For you information 供你参考 G/A General average 共同海损 G/A general average contribution 共同海损分摊 GC general cargo 杂货 GDBC geared bulk carriers 带吊机的散装船 GENCON Uniform General Charter of the Baltic and international Maritime Conference 金康,波罗的海国际海运公会统一杂货合约 GL German Lloyd's 德国船级社 GMBH Company limited (德)有限公司 GM metacentric height 定额高度 GMT Greenwich mean time 格林威治时间 GP Geographical position 地理位置 GR Geographical rotation 地理顺序

GRT Gross registered tonnage 总登记吨位 GT Gross tonnage 总吨 GW Gross Weight 总重量(毛重) GW Gale warning 大风警报 GV Grande Vitesse(express train) 快车 HC Held covered 继续承保 HC Hatch coaming 船舱围板 HDCHRS Head charterers 首席租船人 HDWND Head wind 顶头风 HH House -to - House 门到门 H/H Holds /hatches 船舱/舱口 HK,HKG Hongkong 香港 HOD Holds on delivery 交船时船舱 HOR Holds on redelivery 还船时船舱 HP House power 马力 HP House-to-pier 门到码头 HRS Hours 小时 HT Home trade 国内贸易 HTC Half time to count 时间计半 HV Have 有 HEVER Howevr 然而 HW High water 高潮 HWM High water mark 高潮标记 HZ Hertz 赫兹 IACS International Association of Classification Society 国际船级协会

IAP Intermodal containerized at pier 码头装箱联运 ICC Interstate Commerce Commission 州际商会 ICC International Chamber of Commerce 国际商会 ICS Intergrated Container Service 集装箱服务公司 ICT Intermodal Container Terminal 联运集装箱堆场 IDD International direct dial 国际直拨电话 ID,I/D Identification card 身份证 IDL Idle status 闲置箱 I/E,IMP/EXP Import/Export 进口/出口 I.E. Id est (this is) 即 IFCC Institute freight collision clause 协会运费碰撞条款 IFO Intermediate fuel oil 燃油 IGS Inert gas system 惰性气体系统 IHP Indicated Horse power 指示马力 IMCO Intergovernmental Maritime Consltative Organization 政府间海事协商组织 IMDG International Maritime Dangerous goods code 国际海运危险品规则 IMF International Monetary Fund 国际货币基金会 IMM Immediately 立即地 INCOT Including Over Time 包括加班时间 INC. Incorporated compaby 股份有限公司 INCL Including 包括 INBLK In bulk 散装 INFM INformation 消息 INST Instant 本月 INSTL Installation 装置

INTERCO International code of signals 国际码语信号 I/O Instead of 代替 I/O In/out 进/出 IOPP Internatinal Oil Pollution Prevention 国际防油污公约 IPPC International Oil Prevention Certificate 国际防油污证书 I/P Input 输入 IRC International Red Cross 国际红十字会 IRS Indian Register of Shipping 印度船级社 1SB One safe Berth 一个安全泊位 1BP One safe port 一个安全港口 ITF International Transport Workers Federation 国际运输工联 ITO International Trade Organization 国际贸易组织 ITT International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. 国际电话电报公司 ITU International Telecommuni cation Union 国际电信联盟(联合国) IWL Institute warranty limits 协会保证权限 IV Invioce value 发票价值(金额) ICC Interim certificate of class 临时船级证书 I/C In charge(of) 负责 IFUN If unable 如果不可能 JAN January 一月 J.&W.O. Jettison and washing overboard 投弃货物和甲板货物被冲 JR Japanese Rule 日本船级社 JR Yugoslav Register 南斯拉夫船级社 JUL July 七月 JUN June 六月

JR/ENGR Junior engineer 帮车 KG Kilogram 公斤 KL Kilo liter 公斤 KYODO Kyodo News Agency 共同社 KD Knocked down 船在大风中横倾状态 KID Key industry duty 主要工业税收 KM Kilo meter 公里 KTS,KN knots 浬/小时,节 LA Lioyd's agents 劳氏代理行 LAD laden arrival draft 满载抵达吃水 LASH Lighter aboard ship 载驳船舶 LAT Latitude 纬 度 LAYCAN Laydays date/cancelling date 受载日/消约日 LB Pound 磅 LB Life boat 救生艇 LC Loadline certificate 载重线证书 L/C Letter of credit 信用证 LCL Less than container load 拼箱货 LDG LOading 装 载 LG Letter of guarantee 保 函 LGM Lawful general merchandise 合法杂货 LH Light house 灯 塔 LH Lower hold 底 舱 LI Letter of indemnity 赔偿保证书,保函 LKG Leakage 漏 损

LMC Lloyd's Machinery Certificate 劳氏船机证书 LO/LO Lift on/lift off 吊上/吊下 LO,LUBOIL Lubricating oil 润滑油 LOA Length over all 全 长 LOADIS Load & discharge 装 卸 LOF Lloyd's open form 劳氏保单 LONG Longitude 经 度 LPRT loading port 装 港 LR Lloyd's Register of shipping 劳氏船级社 LRMC Lloyd's Refrigerating Machinery Certificate 劳氏冷冻机械证书 LS Life saving service 救生服务 LS Lump sum 包干费 LS Lloyd'surveyor 劳氏验船师 LSS Life saving station 救生站 LT Local time 当地时间 LT Long ton 长 吨 LTS Laytime saved 节省的装卸时间 LW Lower water 低 潮 LWL Load water line 载重线 L.D.TEL Long-distance telephone 长途电话 MAR March 三 月 MAX Maximum 最 大 MB Motor boat 机动船 MCA Master cash advance 船长借支 MDO marine diesel oil 柴 油

MD Months after date 见票后----月 ME; M/E Main engine 主 机 MESSRS Messieurs 尊号(写在公司名称前) MFN Most favoured nations 最惠国 MH Main hatch 重点舱口 MH Man hole 人孔 MHWS Mean high water springs 大潮平均高潮面 MISC Miscellanous 杂 项 MIP marine insurance policy 海险保险单 MIN Minimum 最 小 MLB Mini land bridge service 大陆桥运输 MIWS Mean low water springs 大潮平均低潮面 MLLW Mean lower low water 平均低低潮面 MLLWS Mean lowered low water springs 大潮平均低低潮面 M/M Maximum/minimum 最大/最小 MOA Memorandum of agreement 议定书 MOL More or less 增 减 MOLCO More or less charterer's option 增减由租船人选择 MOLOO More or less owner's option 增减由船东选择 MOLSO More or less shipper's option 增减由发货人选择 MPP Most probable position 最或然船位 MPH miles per hour(konts) 浬/小时 MPS Miles per second 浬/秒 M/R Mate's receipt 大副数据 M/R Maintenance and repair 维修保养

M/S;M/V Motor ship; motor vessel 机动船 MSG Message 信息,消息 MSL Mean sea level 平均海平面 MSR Mean spring rise 平均潮升 M/T Metric ton 公吨 MT Measurement ton 尺码吨 MT Mail transfer 信汇 MTO Multimodal transport operator 多式联运经营人 MNTIME Meantime 同时 MCT Moment to change trim 吃水差力矩 MF Medium frequency 中频 MB memorandum book 备忘录 MO Mail order 邮政汇票 N and 和;同 NA Notice of Abandenment 委付通知 NAA Not always afloat 不经常漂浮 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization 北大西洋公约组织 NAABSA Not always afloat but safely aground 不经常漂浮但安全搁浅 N.C.V. No commercial value 无商业价值 NHP Nominal horse-power 额定马力 NM Notice to mariners 航海通告 NOS./NO. Number(s) 号数 NOV November 十一月 NOP Not otherwise provided 未另提供 NR;NOR Notice of readiness 准备就绪通知书

N/R (To be) not responsible for 不承担。。。责任 NR no risks 无风险 NRAD No risks after discharge 卸后无风险 NRT Net registered tonnage 登记净吨 NSPT Not specially provided for 无特别提供 NT Nett tonnage 净吨 NV Norske Veritas 挪威船级社 NY New York 纽约 NZ New Zealand 新西兰 NOVC Non-vessel operation carriers 无船承运人 N/MS No marks 无标记 NK Japan register of shipping 日本船级协会 NGI Norwegian Guarantee Institute 挪威保赔协会 N.B. Nota bene (take notice) 注意 NC Non-committal 不承担义务 NLT No later than 不迟于 OA Over aged 超龄的 OA Over all 全部的,总的 O/A Owner's account 船东帐目 O/A On/about 于/大约 OAP Over aged premium 船舶超龄保险 OC Open Charter 货港未定的租船合同 OCP Over land common point 公共指定的内陆点 OCT October 十月 OK All correct 对

OO Owner's option 船东选择 OPP Opposite 对面 OSD Open shelter deck ship 无遮蔽甲板船 OT Over time 加班 OWRS Owners 船东 O/O Order of 指示指定 OP Open policy 预约保单 OR Owner's risks 船东风险 PT Overland transit empty 外地回空 OF Overland transit full 外地满箱回送 OTT Overland transportation 内陆运输 OC Open cover 预约保险 PA Particular 单独海损 P/A Port authority 港务当局 PA Per annual 每年的 PANAMAX Panama maximum 巴拿马极限 PANFLAG Panamanian flag 巴拿马旗 P.A.Y.E Pay as you earn 工资照付 PB Permanent bunkers 永久燃料舱 PC Port charges 港务费 P/C Pric catalogue 价目表 PCS Pieces 件 PCT Per cent 百分之。。。 PD Port dues 港务费 P.DK Poop deck 尾楼甲板

P.D/T Port deep tank 左深舱 PETCOKE Petroleum coke 焦油 PG Persian Gulf 波斯湾 PH Pier-to-house 码头到门 PHPD Per hatch per day 每天每舱口 P&I CLUB Protection and indemnity club 船东保赔协会 P'KGS Packages 件 P/L Passenger's list 旅客名单 PL Partial loss 部分损失 PL Protective location 保护性装载定位 P/L Packing list 装箱单 P&L Profit and lose 收益与损失 PM Premium 保险费 PMT Per metric ton 每公吨 P/N Promissory note 期票 P.O.BOX Post Office box 邮政信箱 POB Pilot on board 引水员登轮 POD Paid on delivery 交货付款 POSN Position 位置 PP Pier-to-pier 码头到码头 PP Picked Port 选定港 PP,PER PRO Per Procuration 授权,代理 PPI Pllicy proof of insterest 保险利益由保单证明 PPM Parts per million 百万分之。。。 PPT Prompt 立即

PRS Polski Rejextr Statkow 博览船舶登记局 PROP Propeller 螺旋桨 PROX Proximo 下月(的) PS Post s cript 附言 PS;P/S Passenger ship 客轮 PSSC Passenger ship safety certificate 客轮安全证书 PT Private terms 私用条款 PTE Private 私人 PTY Proprietary 企业公司 P.T.O. Please turn over 请阅反面 P.V. Petite vitesse (slow train) 慢车 PZ Permanent zones 永久载重线区 PD per day 每天 PO postal order 邮政汇票 PP Parcel post 包裹邮件 PP Per power of attorney 委托书 Q Quarantine 检疫 QC Quantity at captain's option 数量由船长选择 QDP Quick despatch procedure 速遣程序 QM Quarter master 舵工 QTTY Quantity 数量 Q.V. Quod vide 参见该条 QB Queen's bench 英国高等法院 QEF Quod erat faciendum 这就是要做的 Q&A Question and answers 问与答

Q.S. Quarantine station 检疫站 QEI Quod erat inveniendum 这就是要找的 R/A Refer to Acceptor 交付接受人 RAS Replenishment at sea 海上补给 RC Running cost 营运成本 RC Rider clause 追加条款 RECD Received 收到 RD Running days 连续日 RDC Running down clause 碰撞条款 RE Regarding ; refer 关于;参见 REDLY Redelivery 还船 REF Reference 参考 REMOCON Remote control 遥控 REUTER Reuter's News Agency 路透社 RGDS Regards 致意;此致 RGDG Regarding 关于 RI Registero Italiano 意大利船级社 RI Re insurance 重保 RNR Rumanian Register of shipping 罗马尼亚船舶登记局 ROTN.NO. Rotation number 序号 ROC With reference to our cable 参见我电 ROM With reference to our message 参见我电 ROT With reference to our telefram 参见我电 ROTLX With reference to our telex 参见我电 RPM Revolutions per minute 每分种转数

RPT Repeat 重复 RS Radio station 无线电台 RSVP Repondez s,11 vous plait 请回复 R/T,ROT Radio telephone 无线电话 RYC With reference to your cable 参见你电 RYM With reference to your message 参见你电 RYT With reference to your telegram 参见你电 RYTLX With reference to your telex 参见你电 RX Receiver 接收机 RIP Return insurance premium 退保费 R/V Round voyage 往返航次 RO/RO Roll on /roll off 滚上/滚下 RDF Radio direction finder 无线电测向仪 RFC Return empties from the consignee 收货人送回空箱 RDL Redelivered to lessor 还箱给出租人 RL;R/L Radio location 无线电定位 RV Research vessel 考察船 RAM Reports and memoranda 报告和备忘录 RD Registered 已注册,已登记 S South 南 SA Shipping advice 装船通知 S.A. Societe anonyme [法,意,西班牙]公司 S/A Statement of account 帐单 SAR Search and rescue 搜索救援 SAT NAV Satellite navigator 卫星导航仪

SAT Saturday 星期六 SASHEX Saturday afternoon sunday holiday excluded 不包括星期六下午,星期天,节假 日 S/B Stand by 等待 SB Safe berth 安全泊位 SBE Stand by engine 备机 SBS Surveyed before shipment 装船前已检验 SBT Segregated ballast tank 分隔压舱水柜 SC Salvage charges 救助费用 SCC Safety construction certificate 结构安全证书 SD Sea damage 海上损坏 SD Short delivery 短交(货物) SD Single deck 单层甲板 SDR Special drawing right 特殊提款权 SEC Second 秒 SEC Safety equipment certificate 安全设备证书 SEPT September 九月 SF Stowage factor 积载因数 S.&F.A Shippin and forwarding agents 船舶运输代理人 SHEX Sunday holiday excluded 不包括星期日,节假日 SH.DK Shelter deck 遮蔽甲板 SHINC Sunday holiday included 包括星期天,节假日 SHLD Shippper leased 发货人租用(箱) SHOW Shipper owned 发货人自有(箱) SHP Shaft horse power 轴马力

SI Strike insurance 罢工保险 SG Specific gravity 比重 SK Sack kraft(paper) 牛皮纸 SL Salvage loss 救助损失 S/L.C Sue and labour clause 损害防止条款 SLG Sailing 开航 SMS Synchronous meteorological satellite 同步气象卫星 SO Seller's option 卖方选择 S/O Shipping order 装货单 SOL Ship owner's liability 船东责任 SOLAS International Convention for Safety of Life At Sea 国际海上人命安全公约 SOS Save our souls 求救信号 SP Starting price 起价 SP Safe ports 安全港口 SPD Steamer pays dues 船方负担税金 SS,S/S Steam ship 汽船 SSH Special survey for hull 船壳特殊检验 SSHEX Saturday sunday holiday excluded 不包括星期六,星期天,节假日 ST Short ton 短吨 STB,STBD Starboard 右舷 STP Stop 停止 SUN Sunday 星期日 SV Sailing Vessel 帆船 SVC Service 服务;维修 SW Shipper's weights 发货人提供的重量

SWL Safe wroding load 安全负荷 SWAD Salt water arrival draft 抵达海水吃水 SWD,SWDRF Salt water draft 海水吃水 SIG. Signature 签字 SATCOM Satellite communication 卫星通讯 SRC Safety radio certificate 安全电报证书 ST Shifting time 移泊时间 SCT Suez canal tonnage 苏伊士运河吨 SDWT Summer dead weight tonnage 夏季吃水载重 SNST Soonest 最快 S/PARTS,S/P Spare parts 备件 SHT Short 短 SI International System of units 标准国际单位制 SSB Single side band 单边带 SOF Statement of facts 事实记录 T Tons 吨 TACT The air cargo tariff 航空运费表 TBAGRD To be agreed 待约定 TASS Telegrafnoye Agenstvo Sovyetskovo 塔斯社 TB Time bar 时效 TBN To be nominated 待指定 TCL Time charterer's liability 期租承运人责任 TC Tonnage certificate 吨位证书 TC Time charter 期租 TC True course 真针路

TCT Time charter Trip 航次期租 TD Tween deck 中层甲板 TELECON Telegraphic communication 电讯 TELEREMIT Telegraphically remit 电汇 TEU Twenty equivalent unit (20')标准箱 THRU Through 经,通过 THU,THUR Thursday 星期日 TKS Thanks 谢 TL Total loss 全损 TLP Total loss only 仅保全损 TLX Telex 电传 TPC Tons per centimetre 每公分吨数 TPD Tons per day 每天吨数 TPI Tons per inch 每英寸吨数 TRS Tropical revolving storm 热带风暴 TS Time sheets 时间表 T/T Telegraphic transfer 电汇 TTBE Trun time both ends 装卸两港周转时间 TTHS Three think harmonic selection 树状思考调和选择改善方案(一种以最小的成本大 大最大的机能(效益)的实施方案) TOVALOP Tanker Owners Voluntary Agreement Concerning Liability for Oil Pullution Damage 油轮船东关于油污损害责任的自愿协议 TUE Tuesday 星期二 TV Television 电视 TW Typhoon waring 台风警报

TX Transmitter 发射机 TXT Text 索引,内容 TS Top secret 机密 U You 你 U Ugly and threatening weather 险恶天气 UA Unerwriting account 保险帐目 UD Upper deck 上甲板 UK,U.K. United Kongdom 联合王国 UGT Urgent, urgently 紧急(地) ULCC Ultra large crude oil carriers 超大型油轮 UN United Nation 联合国 UOA Unless other wise agreed 除非另有约定 UPL Unit packing list (集装箱)装箱单 UPN Universal postal union 万国邮联 UPI United Press International 合众社 YR Your 你的 USB Unless sooner berthed 除非较早靠泊 USWC United states west coast 美国西岸 UU Unless used 除非使用 UHF Ultra high frequency 特高频 UTC Co ordinated universal time 世界协调时间 UP Unvalued policy 不定值保单 U/C Unclassified 不保密 V Volt 伏特 VAN BC Vancouver British Columbia 温哥华特区

VC Voyage charter 程租 VHF Very high frequency 甚高频 V.V. Vice versa 反之亦然 VIZ namely 即是 VLCC Very large crude oil carriers 甚大型油轮 VOY. Voyage 航次 VSL Vessel 船舶 V.O.P. Value as in original policy 价值如原保单所载 VLF Very low frequency 甚低频 VY Very 非常 VIS Visibility 能见度 YB Year book 年签 W West 西 WB Way bill 货运单 WBS Without benefit of salvage 无救助利益 WED Wednesday 星期三 WG Weight guaranteed 保证重量 W/M Weight / measurement 重量/容积 WP Weather permitting 晴天允许 W/P Without prejudice 无偏袒,(权利)不受损害 WPA With particular average 水渍险 WT Wireless telegraphy 无线电 WTSBE Working time saved both ends 双边节省的工作时间 WWD Weather working day 晴天工作日 WWDSHEX EIU Weather working day sunday holiday excepted even if used 晴天工作日

星期假日即使使用也除外 WWDSHEX UU Weather working day sunday holiday excepted unless used 晴天工作日星 期假日除外,除非使用 WWDSSH EX Weather working day daturday sunday and holiday excepted 晴天工作日星 期六星期天假日除外 WWF Waterside workers federation 水边工联 WWR When where ready 无论何时何地就绪 WUD Would 将 WZ With 和 WZ War zone 战区 WRO War risks only 仅保战争险 WFA Water front association 水前联盟 WIBON Whether in berth or not 不管是否靠上泊位 WICCON Whether in customs clearance or not 不管是否清关 WIFPON Whether in free pratique or not 不管是否通过检疫 WIPON Whether in port or not 不管是否在港 WTS Working time saved 节省的工作时间 WWT World wide trading 环球贸易 WOG Without guarantee 不保证 WW Warehouse-to-warehouse 仓库到仓库 XINHUA Xinhua News Agency 新华社 X'MAS Christmas 圣诞节 Y.A.R. York-Antwery Roles 约克-安特卫普规则 YD Yard 场,院,码 YG Year of grace 宽限年限

Y'DAY Yesterday 昨天 YRS Yours 你们的,你港 Z Zone 区 ZC China Classification Soceity 中国船级社(船舶检验局) ZST Zone standard time 区标准时 ZT Zone time 区时

自控系统常用英文缩写,请大家纠正并补充 LAI Points BSP Building Static Pressure 建筑物的静压 CDT Cold Deck Temperature 冷的甲板温度 DSP Duct Static Pressure 管静压 EVP Exhaust Velocity Press 排气速度压力 HDT Hot Deck Temperature 热的甲板温度 MAT Mixed Air Temperature 混合空气温度 HCT Heat Coil Temperature 线圈热温度 OAZ Outdoor Air Temperature 室外空气温度 RAE Return Air Enthalpy 回风焓值 RAH Return Air Humidity 回风湿度 RAT Return Air Temperature 回风温度 RMH Room Humidity 室内湿度 RMT Room Temperature 室内温度 RSP Return Static Pressure 回风静压 RVP Return Velocity Pressure 回风动压 SAH Supply Air Humidity 送风湿度

SAT Supply Air Temperature 送风温度 SSP Supply Static Pressure 送风静压 SVP Supply Velocity Pressure 送风动压 LAO Points CCV Cooling Coil Valve 冷水阀 FBD Face Bypass Damper 双道气邻器 HCV Heating Coil Valve 热水阀 HUV Humidity Valve 加湿阀 MAD Mixing Air Dampers 混合阀 RVD Return VFD and Return Vane SVD Supply VFD and Supply Vane LDI Points HSP High Static Pressure 高静压 HTD High Temp Detector 高温检测 LSP Low Suction Pressure 低的吸入压力 LTD Low Temp Detector 低温检测 RSD Return Smoke Detector 回风烟雾检测 RSP Return Fan High Static Pressure 回风机高静压 SSP Supply Fan High Static Pressure 送风机高静压 SSD Supply Smoke Detector 送风烟雾检测 LDO Points CCP Cooling Coil Pump 冷水泵 DX1 1st Stage DX Cooling DX2 2st Stage DX Cooling HCP Heating Coil Pump 热水泵 RAF Return Fan 回风机 SAF Supply Fan 送风机 Virtual Points MAM Mixed Air Minimum Position 空气最小混合量 MAS Mixed Air Set Point 混合点设置 OAA Outdoor Air Temperature 室外温度 CCO Cooling Coil Valve 冷水阀 CDS Cool-Down Set Point DYM Day Mode Switch Over RAS Return Air Set Point 回风状

态点设置 SAS Supply Air Set Point 送风状态点设置 WUS Warm-Up Set Point 供暖设置 DCS Differential CFM Set Point OAE Outside Enthalpy OAM Outside Air Damper Minimum OCC Occupied 占用 RCF Return CMF 回风量 RCS Return CMF DP Set Point RHS Return Humidity Set Point 回风湿度设置 RTS Return Track Set Point SCF Supply CMF 送风量 SHS Supply Humidity Set Point 送风湿度设置 SPS Static Pressure Set Point 静压设置 WUM Warm-Up Mode 供暖模式 CDM Cool-Down Mode 供冷模式 HOS Humidity Override Set Point HUS Humidity Set Point 湿度设置 SSS Supply Air Static Set Point 送风静压设置 RAH Return Air Humidity 回风湿度 SAH Supply Air Humidity 送风湿度 NHM Night Heating Mode 夜间供热模式 NCM Night Cooling Mode 夜间供冷模式 ECM Economizer Mode 经济模式 MOD Mode 模式 NHS Night Heating Set Point 夜间供热设置 NCS Night Cooling Set Point 夜间供冷设置

电力自动化系统相关

EMS:(Energy Management System)能量管理系统 DMS:(Distribution Management System)配电管理系统 DA:(Distribution Automation)配电自动化 DSM:(Demand Side Management)需求侧管理 AMR:(Automatic Message Recording)自动抄表 TMR:(Tele Meter Reading)电能量计 量系统 CRMS:(Control Room Management System)控制室管理系统 CIS:(Consumer Information System)用户信息系统 AM/FM/GIS: (Automatic Mapping /facility Management/geographic information System) 自动绘图/设备管理/地理信息系统 SCADA: (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) 数据采集和监视控制 OMS:(Outage Management System)停电管理系统。 WMS:(Work Management System)工作管理系统。 GPS:(global position System)全球定位系统。 SA: (Substation Automation )变电站自动化 变电站自动化系统 RTU:(Remote Terminal Unit)站内远方终端 FA(Feeder Automation)馈线自动化 FTU:(Feeder Terminal Unit)馈线远方终端 MIS:(Management Information System)管理信息系统 DMIS:(Dispatch Management Information System)管理信息系统 通讯相关 DLC: Distributiion Line Carrier 配电载波 DDN : Digeital Data Network 数字数据网络 PDH : Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy 准同步数字体系 SDH : Synchronous Digital Hierarchy 同步数字体系 SAS: (Substation Automation System)

ATM : Asynchronous Transfer Modle 异步转移模式 MODEM : Modulator(调制器) and Demodulator(解调器) DTE: Data Terminal Equipment 数据终端设备 DCE: Data Communication Equipment 数据 连接设备 计算机软件相关 CORBA: (Common Object Request Breaker Architecture,公共对象请求中介体系结构) COM: (Component Object Model,组件对象模型) HMI: (Human Machine Interface) 人机 界面 SOAP: (Simple Object Access Protocol) 简单对象访问协议 IIOP: (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol ) ORB: (Object Request Broker) 对象请求代理 XML: (Extensible Markup Language) 扩展标志语言 CIM 相关名词 MMS: (Manufacturing Message Specification) 制造报文规范 SCL: (Substation Configuration Language) 变电站配置语言 DAU: (Data Acquisition Unit) 数据采集单元 IED: (Intelligent Electronic Device) 智能电子设备 PDU: (Protocol Data Unit) 协议数据单元 SCSM: (Specific Communication Service Mapping)具体通讯服务映射 ACSI: (Abstract Communication Service Interface) 抽象通讯服务接口 CIM: Common Information Model 共用数据模型 MB: Messaging Bus 企业数据总线 CSCS 计算机监控系统 Computer Supervisory Control System DPDT 双刀双掷 Double Pole Double Trhrow PLC 可编程序控制器 Programmable Logic Controller SPDT 单刀双掷 Single Pole Double Trhrow (Switch) SFC Static Frequency Converter


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