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动词ing作主语宾语详解


动词-ing 形式作主语和宾语 1. 动词-ing 形式是在动词末尾加 -ing,属于非谓语动词。如:do-doing, write- writing , sit-sitting , etc.否定形式:not+ v--ing 构成 2. 动词-ing 形式作主语或宾语时,也可称为动名词。 一 动名词作主语 1)动词-ing 形式作主语 2)it 作形式主语 3)There be

+no+动名词. 动词-ing 形式作主语 1. 动词-ing 形式作主语表示抽象的或泛指的动作, 谓语动词用单数。如: Reading aloud is very important for us to learn a foreign language. Going to bed early and getting up early is considered to be a good habit. 2)it 作形式主语代替动名词 动名词短语作主语常用 it 作形式主语,把动名词短语放在句末。 Going to bed early and getting up early is considered to be a good habit. It is considered to be a good habit going to bed early and getting up early 练习:辨别主语(形式主语和真正主语) It was a waste of time reading that book. It is dangerous standing in the middle of the street. it 作形式主语的几个习惯句型: It is no use doing…做。 。是没用处的 It is useless doing…做。 。是没用处的 It is no good doing…做。 。是没用处的 It is fun doing… It is worthwhile doing…做。 。是值得的 It is a waste of time doing…做。 。是浪费时间的 It is a pleasure doing… 区别: ①It is no use/no good 等名词+ doing… 作主语 ②It is adj. + (for sb.)+ to do sth. 做某事(对于某人来说)是… 的。 e.g. It is important for us to learn English well. 3)There be +no+动名词. “There is + no”后可以用动词-ing 形式作 主语,表示“没法……”。 There was no telling when this might appen again. 没法预料这样的事什么时候会再发生。 There was no knowing what he could do. 他能做什么很难说。 There is no sense in doing 。 。 。做。 。没有道理 There is/was no use doing。 。 。干。 。 。无意义 There is/was nothing worse than doing 没有比。 。 。更糟的 There is/was no point doing 干。 。 。无意义 3 动名词作宾语 1)及物动词宾语 2)介词宾语 3)it 作形式宾语,代替动名词

4)接 doing 的动词 5)接 to do 的动词 6)接 doing 又可接 to do 的动词 动词-ing 形式作宾语 1. 有些动词如 admit, avoid, consider, escape, deny, risk, suggest 等后能接动词-ing 形式作宾 语,而不能接动词不定式。如: We’re considering paying a visit to the Science Museum. 常这样用的动词有: admit 承认 excuse 原谅 postpone 拖延 fancy 想象 practise 练习 appreciate 欣赏 finish 完成 prevent 防止 avoid 避免 forbid 禁止 propose 建议 consider 考虑 forgive 宽恕 delay 耽搁 imagine 想象 resent 厌恶 deny 否认 resist 抵制 keep 保留 risk 冒险 dislike 讨厌 mind 在意 dread 害怕 miss 错过 suggest 建议 enjoy 喜欢 pardon 原谅 understand 理解 escape 逃避 permit 允许 2. 有些短语如 can’t help, be used to, end up, feel like, lead to, be busy, be tired of, be fond of, be afraid of, be proud of, think of / about, put off, keep on, insist on, be good at, give up 等后 常接名词、代词或动词-ing 形式作宾语。如: I have been used to living here. I’m fond of collecting stamps and coins. 常跟动词 ing 作宾语的动词歌诀: 考虑建议盼原谅,consider, suggest / advise ,look forward to ,excuse ,pardon 承认推迟没得想,admit, delay / put off , fancy 避免错过继续练,avoid , miss ,keep /keep on , practise 否认完成停能赏,deny , finish , stop ,enjoy / appreciate 不禁介意准逃亡,can’t help , mind , allow/ permit ,escape 不准冒险凭想象。forbid , risk , imagine 三、V-ing 形式作介词宾语 动名词常跟在介词或介词短语后作宾语。 常这样用的介词短语有: instead of, look forward to,object to,keep on,see about,take to 等。 He went to London in the hope of becoming a famous painter.他去了伦敦,希望能成为一名 著名的画家。 后接-ing 形式或名词,常见的带介词 to 的短语有:contribute to(贡献),get down to (着手 做), lead to(导致), look forward to(期待), take to(从事), turn to (求助于), see to(注意, 处 理),be used to (习惯于),devote oneself to (献身于),be equal to(胜任)等。 ●在下列结构中, 动名词做介词宾语。 spend …in doing 在做某事方面花费 be busy (in)+ doing sth.忙于做…… waste time (in)+ doing sth.浪费时间做… prevent/stop/keep …from doing 阻止…做…… How/What about doing sth.…怎么样 have some difficulty/trouble (in) doing 做…有困难 have a hard time (in) doing sth.做……很艰难 There is no sense in doing 做……是没有道理的 There is no point (in) + doing 做……是没有意义的 be worth doing 值得做某事 3. 有些动词既能接不定式, 又能接-ing 形式, 但含义不同。[熟读深思] Do you remember seeing me before? 你记得以前见过我吗? Remember to lock the door when you leave. 离开时要记得锁门。 I try not to think about that. 我尽量不去想那件事。 I try not to think about that. 我尽量不去想那件事。 Would you please try doing that again? 请你再试一次好吗?

I mean to change it for another one. 我想换成另外一个。 Success means working hard. 成功意味着辛勤工作。 He stopped talking when the bell rang. 铃响的时候, 他停止了讲话。 While working, he stopped to talk with Tom at times. 工作的时候, 他不时地停下来和汤 姆谈话。 [用法归纳]牢记接动名词和接不定式意义差别很大的动词或短语 ⑴ remember to do (记住去做) remember doing (记得做过) ⑵ forget to do (忘记去做) forget doing (忘记做过) ⑶ regret to do (遗憾地做) regret doing (后悔做了) ⑷ mean to do (打算做) mean doing (意味着) ⑸ stop to do (停下来去做) stop doing (停止做) ⑹ try to do(设法做) try doing(试做) ⑺ go on to do(接着做另一事) go on doing(继续做同一事) ⑻ can’t help to do(不能帮助做) can’t help doing(情不自禁地做) ⑼ sth. need/want/require doing (=to be done (某物需要被做)等。 4.动词 allow, advise, forbid, permit 等可直接跟 V-ing 形式作宾语, 不可以接动词不定式作宾 语, 但可以接不定式作宾语补足语。 Please permit me to say a few words. 请允许我说几句话。 We don’t permit smoking here. 我们这儿不允许吸烟 5.动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。[熟读深思] The watch needs repairing.(=The watch needs to be repaired.)这块表需要修理。 The problem deserves thinking about.(=The problem deservers to be thought about.)这个问 题值得考虑。 His suggestion is worth considering. 他的提议值得考虑。 [用法归纳] ⑴ 动词 need, require, want, deserve 后,用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。其用 法相当于不定式的被动结构。sth. need/want/require doing(=to be done)某物需要做某事 ⑵ 在(be) worth 后面只能用动名词的主动态来表示被动意义。be worth doing 6.前面有时用形容词性物主代词或名词所有格做逻辑主语。 It’s a waste of time your talking to him. 你和他谈话是白费时间。 7. 动词-ing 形式的否定形式是在其前面加 not, 带有逻辑主语时 not 应在动词-ing 形式之前。 如: Not cleaning her teeth made her smell bad. Your schoolmate’s not coming home in time made her parents worried. 需要注意的问题: 以下的动词后面加动词的不定式作宾语:

decide , hope, expect , seem, agree, afford, arrange, choose, offer, plan, promise, determine, demand, manage, fail, prepare, refuse, pretend, 常跟不定式作宾语的动词歌诀: 三个希望两答应,hope; wish; want ; agree; promise 两个要求莫拒绝, demand; ask; refuse 设法学会做决定, manage; learn; decide 不要假装在选择。pretend ; choose 想要拒绝命令,want ; refuse ; order 需要努力学习, need; try ; learn 期望同意帮助 expect ; agree ; help 希望决定开始。hope ; wish ; decide ; begin ;start 以下的动词后面既可接动词的不定式又可以接动词的 ing 作宾语: hate, love , prefer , remember , forget, regret , like ,try , stop , begin , start 既跟动词 ing 又接不定式作宾语的动词歌诀: 双方一旦开始, 不论喜欢与否, 都得继续下去。 begin, start, like, prefer, hate, dislike, continue. 不管记住与否, 努力打算停止, 后悔三个需要。 remember, forget, try, mean, stop, reget, want, need, require


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动词ing做主语和宾语 | 动名词做主语和宾语 | 主语加及物动词加宾语 | 动名词作主语和宾语 | 主语 及物动词 宾语 | 动词ing作宾语 | 动词ing做宾语 | 动词ing做主语 |