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高中英语常用词组分类汇总之经典版


高中英语常用词组归纳(珍藏版)
All(a.,pron.&n.)
all by oneself 独立,单独 above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是 after all 到底,毕竟 first of all 首先 in all 总共 most of all 最最 all at once 突然,同时,马上 all of a sudden 突然 all

right 好吧,行,情况不错 all sorts of 各种各样的 all kinds of 各种各样的 all the best 万事如意 all the more 更加 all the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样) all the year round 一年到头

AS(conj.,adv.& pron. )
as…as…与……一样 as a matter of fact 事实上 as a rule 通常 as a result 结果 as a whole 总的来说 as if(as though) 好象 as follows 如下 as for 就……而言 as(so) long as 只要 as soon as 一……就 as soon as possible 尽快 as usual 象往常一样 as well 也,还 as well as 同……一样 might(may) as well 不妨 so as to 以便

At(prep.)
at a time 一次,每次 at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭 at first 最初 at home 在家 at last 最后,终于 at least 至少 at (the) most 至多,不超过
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at one time 以前,曾经 at once 立刻,马上 at night 在夜里,在晚上 at midnight 在半夜 at present 目前,现在 at times 有时候 at sea 在大海上,在航行 at one’s own expense 自费 at the bottom 在底端 at the end (of) 最后,尽头 at the latest 最迟 at the mercy of 在……的支配下 at the head of 在……的前头 at the moment 此刻 at the same time 同时 at work 在工作 laugh at 嘲笑 throw at 向……扔去 work hard at 努力工作(学习)

By(prep.)
by accident 偶然地 by air(sea,bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘公共汽车……) by chance 碰巧,偶然地 by day(night) 在白天(夜晚) day by day 一天天地 by and by 不久 by far 得多,最最 learn (know)by heart 记熟,背诵 by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致 by oneself 独自地 one by one 一个一个地 by the way 顺便说(问) by turns 轮流 side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起 by the side of 在……附近

Break(v.)
break away from 摆(逃)脱,脱离,改掉,破除 break down (机器、车辆等)坏了, (身体)垮了,中断,压倒,分解 break forth 迸发,突然 break in 强行进入,插嘴,打岔,使驯服,使习惯 break into 破门而入,打断,占用 break off 突然停止(中断) ,打断,折断 break out 爆发,突然发生 break through 突破,打破
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break up 散会,驱散,停课,腐蚀

Bring(v.)
bring about 引起,实现,使发生 bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻 bring forth 引起,使产生 bring in 收(庄稼) ,提出, (使)得到(收入) ,引入,增加,把……扯起来 bring on 使发生,引起 bring out 说明,阐明,出版 bring to an end 结束 bring up 提出,抚养,培养,呕吐

Call(v.)
call at (a place) 访问(某地) call back 回电话 call for 来找(某人) ,喜欢来取(某物) ,想要,要求,需要有 call in 来访,顺路到。。。 。。,召来,召集,请来,收回 call on(upon) 拜访,看望,号召,要求 call up 给……打电话,征召(入伍) ,叫……起床,使想起(往事)

Come(v.)
come about 发生,造成 come across (无意中)碰到,找到,想到,越过 come along 跟去,一道去,赶快,进行,进展 come down 下降,下落,传下来 come into power(office) 执政,就职 come out 出来,出版,发行 come into being 产生,建立 come to 来到(某地) ,共计,来参加(活动) ,谈到,恢复知觉 come to a conclusion 得出结论 come to an end 结束 come to nothing(no good) 没有结果(没有好处)

Do(v.)
do a good deed 干得好,搞好工作 do away with 消灭,清除,取消,破除 do good 有好处,有用处,做好事 do harm 有害处,不利 do one a favour 帮个忙 do one good 对某人有好处 do one’s best 尽力,竭力 do the deed 付诸行动,生效 do one’s duty 履行职责 do up 收拾,整理,修理,打扮,包,捆,系 do with 处理,需要,想,将就用 do wonders 创造奇迹
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do wrong(right) 做错(对) have sth (nothing)to do with 和……有(无)关

Down(adv.)
bring down 使倒下,击落 break down 分解 burn down 把……烧成平地,烧光 get down tp 开始认真(做某事) hand down 把……传下来 put down 记下,镇压 tear down 拆毁,拆除 turn down 关小,调低

For(prep.)
for a while 暂时,一时 for ever 永远 for free 免费 for the moment 暂时 be famous for 因……而著名 have a gift for 对……有天赋 make a plan for 为……作计划 stand for 代表,象征 in (one’s) search for 寻找(求) as for 至于,说到 care for 喜欢,想要 change… for 用……换 fix a date for 约定……的日期

Give(v.)
give a talk 作报告,作演讲 give birth to 生,产生 give in 让步,屈服,妥协,投降,交上来 give off (散)发出 give one’s life 献出自己的生命 give sb a hand 帮某人忙 give one’s regards(greetings) to 向……问好 give out 散发,分发 give up 放弃,献出,交出,投降,认输,泄气

Get(v.)
get about (消息)传开,到处走动 get along 进行,过活,相处,走开 get away 逃掉,逃跑 get away from 避免,摆脱,离开 get back 回来,收回 get close to 接近
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get down 记下来,打下来,落下 get down on one’s knees 屈膝下跪 get down to 开始认真(做某事) get into the habit of 染上……的习惯 get hold of 拿到,找到,抓住 get in 进站,进去,回来,收进去,请来 get off 起飞, (动身)离开,脱下(衣服等) get on (某方面)进行情况,相处,上车,继续进行,顺利发展 get on well with 与……相处融洽 get over 克服,忍受,摆脱(疾病等) get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉 get round 传开,绕过,回避 get through 做完,结束,通过(电话)接通 get together 聚会,联欢 get up 起床,站起来,举办

Go(v.)
go after 追求,设法得到 go away 走开,离开 go against 违反 go ahead 进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走 go all out 全力以赴 go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉 go by 走过,经过 go in for 从事(某种事业或活动) go on 发生,进行,进展,继续下去 go off 走开 go out 熄灭,过时 go over 审阅,检查,研究 go through 审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过 go up 上涨,上升

In(prep.,adv.)
in a flash 一刹那间 in a word 总之,简言之 in a hurry 匆忙地,很快地 in (actual) fact 事实上 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a short while 不久,一会而后 in all 总共,总的来说 in any case 不管怎样 in battle 在战斗中 in case 如果,以防(有某种情况) in chains 上着镣铐,在囚禁中 in charge of 主管,负责 in common 共同,共用
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in danger 在危险中 in debt 负债,欠帐 in front 前方,正面对 in front of 在……前面 in full 全文地,全部地 in general 一般地说 in honour of 为了纪念……,为向……表示敬意 in modern time 现代,近代 in one’s opinion 据(某人的)看法 in order to(that) 为了 in other words 换句话说 in peace 平静地,安宁地 in public 在公众面前,公开地 in search of 寻找 in (one’s) search for 寻找,寻求 in return 作为报答 in silence 沉默地,无声地 in short(=in a word ) 总之 in space 在宇宙空间 in spite of 尽管 in that 因为,原因是 in that case 假如那样的话 in the air 在空中 in the charge 有……掌管 in the course of 在……过程中 in the day 在白天 in the day time 在白天 in the future 将来,以后 in the end 最后 in the meantime 与此同时 in the middle (of) 在……中间 in time 及时地 in turn 轮流 believe in 相信,信任 bring in 引进,引来,吸收 call in 召来,召集 hand in 上交,递交 hand in hand 并进,联合,手牵手 drop in 顺便走访 join in 参加,加入 once in a while 偶尔,间或 play a part in 在……起作用 stand in line 站在队里 succeed in (干……)成功 take part in 参加
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Keep(v.)
keep a promise 遵守诺言 keep a secret 守秘密 keep watch 注意,警惕,提防 keep back 扣下,隐瞒,忍住(眼泪) keep body and soul together 维持生活 keep in mind 记住,想着 keep off 避开,挡住,不接近 keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep on 继续(干) keep out 遮挡,使不入内 keep silence 保持沉默(安静) keep sb﹍ from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 keep up 保持,维持,继续(某活动) keep up with 不落在后面,跟上,及时了解(情况)

Look(v.)
look after 照顾 ,照管 look as if 看起来似乎 look back(upon)回想,回顾 look down on(upon)看不起 look for 寻找 look forward to 盼望 look into 研究, 调查 ,了解 look like 看起来像 look on(upon)…as 把……看作 look out 查出 找出 look out (for)注意, 当心, 提防 look the same 看起来很像 look through 翻阅, 看一遍 look over (仔细)检查 look up 查找,上涨, 好转, 向上看

Make(v.)
make clear 说明,弄(讲)清楚 make a decision 作出决定 make a promise 答应,允诺 make a plan for 为……作计划 make a record 录制唱片 make friends (with) (和…)交朋友 make faces 做鬼脸 make fun of 和 开玩笑 make a noise 吵闹 make it a rule 总是…… make one’s way to(out of)向… 走去(从…走出)
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make ends meet 应付开支,量入为出 make room 让地方 make sense 讲得通,很有意义 make sure(certain)一定要,确保,核实,弄清楚 make …to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做…… make up 构成,占,编造,弥补 make up one’s mind 决心,利用 make use of 利用

Of(prep.)
a bit of 少量的,一点 a bottle of 一瓶 a glass of 一(玻璃)杯 a great deal of 很多 a handful of 少量的 a (large)number of 许多 a lot of 许多,大量的 lots of 许许多多的 a piece of 一片(张,块) a place of interest 名胜 a pair of 一双,一对 a waste of 浪费 all kinds of 各种各样的 all sorts of 各种各样的 at the head of 在……的前头 at the mercy of 在……的支配下 because of 因为 be made up of 由……组成 be proud of 为……而自豪 be fond of 爱好,喜欢 be tired of 厌烦 die of 死于 dream of 向往,渴望,梦想 get rid of 处理,去掉 in charge of 主管,负责 in the charge of 由……掌管 in honour of 为了纪念,为向……表示敬意 instead of 代替 in the hope of 怀着……的期望 in spite of 尽管 knock out of 从……中敲出来 make fun of 取笑某人 make sure of 确定,弄清楚 make use of 利用 masses of 大多数 packs of 大量的,大部分
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play the role of 扮演……角色 out of 从……向(往)外 on the point of 正要……的时候 plenty of 充足的,相当多的 remind sb of 使某人想起 run out of 用完 scores of 许多,大量 take the place ot 代替,取代 talk of 谈论,议论 think of 认为,想到,想起 take possession of 占有,拥有

On(prep.,adv.)
on average 平均 on board 在船上 on fire 着火 on foot 走路,步行 on holiday 休假,度假 on one’s way to 在……的途中 on one’s own 独立地,独自地 on the air (用无线电,电视)播送 on the radio 通过收音机,通过广播 on the point of 正要……的时候 on watch 值班,守望 bring on 使前进,使发生,引起 carry on 继续下去 come on 来吧,赶快 congratulate …on 祝贺 depend on 依靠,相信 from then(now) on 从那时(现在)起 have…on 穿着,戴着 have an effect on 对……产生作用 live on 以……为主食 look down on(upon) 轻视,看不起 keep on (doing sth) 继续(做某事) move on 继续前进, pass on 传递,转移到 play a joke on 戏弄(某人)

Out(adv.,prep)
break out 爆发,突然发生 carry out 开展,执行,实现 check out 查明,结帐 die out 消失,灭亡 find out 找出,查出 give out 分发,散发,用完
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hand out 分发 help…out 帮某人从困境中解脱 hold out 伸出 look out 留神,当心 pick out 挑出 point out 指出 put out 扑灭,关熄 run out of 用完 send out 发出,派遣 set out 发出,开始 show…out 领……出去 try out 实验 work out 算出,解决,制定出 out of 从……向(往)外 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of work 失业,没工作 out of one’s reach 够不着

Put(v.)
put away 存起来,收拾起来 put back 推迟,放回(原处) ,拨回(时钟) put down 写下来,镇压 put forward 提出,提前 put in order 整理 put into practice 实行 put off 推迟,延期,关上(开关等) put on 穿(戴)上,上演,打开(开关等) put on weight 增加体重 put out 熄灭,生产,出版 put up 举(架)起,修建,张贴,留宿

Set(v.)
set about 开始(着手)做 set an example 作出榜样 set down 放下,写(记)下 set fire to=set…on fire 放火,烧着 set off 使爆炸,引起,起程 set out 出发,动身,开始,着手,列举,详述 set sail 起航 set to work (使)开始做…… set up 立(支)起来,成(建)立

Take(v.)
take a(one’s)seat 就座,坐下 take a look at 看一下 take a photograph (of)照一张(…的)相
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take aim 瞄准 take an action 采取行动 take an interest in 对……感兴趣 take along 随身带着 take away 拿走,拿开,使离开,把……打发走 take back 收回,让退(货) take…by surprise 使…吃惊,出奇兵攻占 take care 注意,当心 take care of 照顾,负责 take charge of 负责 take exercise 做运动 take…for granted 视为当然,想必是 take hold of 抓住,握住 take in 订阅,使上当,收留 take…in one’s arm (拥)抱 take it easy 别紧张,放松些 take note(notice)of 注意,理会 take notes 记录,作笔记 take off 脱掉,起飞,减(去)掉 take (a day)off 休假(一天) take office 就职,上任 take on 雇用,招收,具有(……的意思) ,呈现……面貌,开始从事 take one’s defeat(things)lying down 甘心失败 take (an active) part in(积极)参加 take one’s place 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take place 发生,举行 take possession of 占有,拥有 take pride in 为……感到骄傲 take the place of 代替,取代 take truns 轮流 take up 开始学习,开始(某活动,空间) take up arms 拿起武器

Turn(v.)
turn a deaf ear (blind eye)to 不听(不理睬) turn down 拒不采纳,开小点 turn in 上交,交进去,上床睡觉 turn on(off) 打开(关) turn out 结果,原来(情况是) ,产生,制造 turn over 移交,打翻,翻耕,翻阅,考虑 turn to 求助于,翻到,转到 turn up 出席,出现,开大点,查找

Up(adv.)
break up 分解,腐蚀 bing up 教育,培养,提出,呕吐
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build up 逐步实现 clear up 整理,弄清,晴(开)朗起来 come up 抬头,上来,上升 cut up 切碎,齐根切断 divide up 分配 eat up 吃完,吃光 fix up 安顿,修理好 give up 放弃,投降,献出 go up 上涨,上升 grow up 生长,长大 hold up 抬起,阻挡,使停顿 join up 连接(联合)起来 make up 编出,构成,弥补 open up 开创,开辟 pick up 接收,拾起,捡起 put up 举(架)起,张贴,留宿 round up 赶拢,使集拢 speed up 加快速度 set up 建立,创立 stay up 不睡,挺住,站立 take up 占去,占据 throw up 呕吐,吐出 turn up 到达,出现 wake up 醒来

Way(n.)
all the way 全程,一直地 ask the way 问路 by the way 顺便说(问) by way of 取道,经由 have a long way to go 还有很长的路 in a(one) way 在某种程度上 in a bad way 身体状况不好,情况不妙 in any way 在任何(哪)方面 in every way 在各方面,以各种方式 in many ways 在很多方面 in no way 怎样也不,一点也不 in the (a) family way 怀孕了 in the way of,in one’s way 碍事,妨碍 lead the way 带路 make one’s way to 向……走去 lose one’s way 迷路 make way for 给……让路 on the way (to) 在(去)……路上

With(prep.)
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be angry with 对……发脾气 be busy with 忙于 be fed up with 厌倦 catch up with 赶上 deal with 处理,对付 be in love with 与……相爱 get on well with 与……相处融洽 keep in touch with 与……保持联系

Word(s)(n.)
break one’s word 不信守诺言,失信 eat one’s words 承认说错了,收回自己的话 have a word(a few words)with 和……说句(几句)话 have a word in one’s ear 给某人说悄悄话 have word 得到信息

接不定式或动名词做宾语意思相同的 12 个动词
like to do sth/like doing sth 喜欢做某事 love to do sth/love doing sth 喜欢做某事 hate to do sth/hate doing sth 憎恨做某事 prefer to do sth/ prefer doing sth 宁可做某事 begin to do sth/ begin doing sth 开始做某事 start to do sth/ start doing sth 开始做某事 continue to do sth/ continue doing sth 继续做某事 can’t bear to do sth/can’t bear doing sth 不能忍受做某事 bother to do sth/ bother doing sth 麻烦做某事 intend to do sth/ intend doing sth 想要做某事 attempt to do sth/ attempt doing sth 试图做某事 cause to do sth/ cause doing sth 停止做某事

接不定式或动名词做宾语意思不同的 7 个动词
(1) rember to do sth 记住要做某事 rember doing sth 记得曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth 后悔(遗憾)做过某事 (4) try to do sth 设法要做某事 try doing sth 做某事试试看看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing sth 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth 不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth 做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth 继续做一直在做的事

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可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的 8 个常见动词
accuse sb of sth 控告某人犯某事(罪) ,指责某人做某事 cheat sb of sth 骗取某人某物 cure sb of sth 治好某人的病,改掉某人的习惯 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 remind sb of sth 使某人想起某情况 rid sb of sth 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb of sth 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb of sth 警告某人有某情况

18 个常用“be+形容词+for”结构
be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对……有害,对……不行 be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……出名 be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近 be eager for 渴望 be famous for 因……闻名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good at 对……有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好 be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitable for 对……合适(适合) be thandful for 因……而感激 be well-known for 以……出名

动名词前省略介词 in 的 18 个常用结构
be careful (in) doing sth 做某事时很小心 be busy (in) doing sth 忙于做某事 be fortunate (in) doing sth 很幸运做某事 be late(in) doing sth 做某事做晚了或做迟了 have luck(in) doing sth 做某事时有运气(走运) have difficulty(in) doing sth 做某事有困难 habe trouble (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 have bother(in) doing sth 做某事费劲 have a problem(in) doing sth 做某事有困难 have a good time(in) doing sth 做某事很开心 have a hard time(in) doing sth 做某事很辛苦 find diffuculty(in) doing sth 做某事发现有困难 lose no time(in) doing sth 马上做某事 spend money(time) (in) doing sth 花钱(时间)做某事
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waste money(time) (in) doing sth 浪费钱(时间)做某事 There is no difficulty(in) doing sth 做某事没有困难 There is no use(in) doing sth 做某事没有用 There is no point(in) doing sth 做某事没有意义

24 个常用“in+名词+of”结构
in advance of 在……前面 in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in celebration of 庆祝 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in explanation of 解释 in favour of 赞成,主张 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in need of 需要 in possession of 拥有 in respect of 关于,就……而言 in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方 in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in aid of 帮助 in case of 如果,万一,以防 in charge of 负责,管理 in defence of 保卫 in face of 面对 in front of 在……前面 in memory of 纪念 in place of 代替 in praise of 称赞 in search of 寻找,搜寻 in spite of 尽管,虽然 in view of 鉴于,考虑到

注 ○:同时注意以下相似结构:
in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in return for 作为……的报答 in addition to 加之,除……之外 in contrast to(with) 与……形成对比 in reply to 作为对……的回报(答复) in(with)reference to 关于 in preparation for 为……作准备 in reward for 作为……的报酬 in answer to 回答,响应 in opposition to 与……相反,反对 in(with) regard to 关于 in response to 回答,响应 face to face 面对面(的)地;对立地
15

fail in 在…不足,疏忽 fail to 不能,记忆 fair play 公平的竞赛;公平对待 fall back 后退,退却 fall back on 求助于,转而依靠 fall behind 落在…后面,跟不上 fall for 爱上,迷恋;受骗 fall in love 爱上某人 fall in love with 相爱,爱上… fall in with 偶尔遇到;同意,赞许 fall into 落入;陷于;河流注入 fall off 下降,跌落,减少 fall on one's knees 跪下(请求等) fall out 争吵;闹翻;结果 fall out of 放弃(习惯等) fall through 失败,成为泡影 fall to 着手;开始攻击 fall to doing 着手(做)…;开始… all under 受到(影响等);被列为 far from 远离,决不,完全不 feed on 以…为食物(能源) feed up 供给…营养 feed with 加上(油、煤等) feel envy at 对…感到妒忌(或羡慕) feel like 感到想要做 feel one's way 摸索着走(干),试探 feel out 试探出,摸清 feel up to 觉得能担当 figure for 谋取,企图获取 figure on 把…估计在内;指望 figure out 计算出;估计;理解 figure up 计算…,把…总加起来 fill in 填充,填写,临时代替 fill out 填好,填写;使长大 fill up 填补;装满 find expression in 在…中表现出来 find oneself 发觉自己的处境 find out 查明;找到;发现 finish up with 以…结束;最后有… first of all 首先,第一 fix one's eyes on 注意,注视 fix up 修补,修理好;解决 focus...on 使眼睛注视,集中 for ages 长期 for certain 肯定地;确凿地 for ever 永远
16

for example for fear of for fear that for instance for lack of for life for sale for short for sure for the moment for the sake of forget about forgive sb. for sth. free from free of from now on from time to time generation gap get about get above oneself get across get after get ahead get ahead of get along get along with get along with get around get around to get at get away get away with get back at get by get down get down to get down to work get hold of get in get in with get into get into debt get off get on get on to get on with

例如 由于害怕;生怕,以免 以免;生怕,唯恐 例如,比如,举例说 因缺乏;因没有 终身 待售,出售的 简称,缩写 确实,毫无疑问地 暂时;目前 为了,为了…的利益 忘记 原谅某人(做了)某事 不受…影响的 无…的;摆脱了…的 今后,从现在起 时常,有时,不时 代沟 走动;旅行 变得自高自大 使通过,使被理解 督促,训诫;责备 进步;胜过,超过 超过,胜过 过活;相处融洽;进展 与…友好相处;有进展 走开 规避(法律等);走动 找时间做,开始考虑 到达;了解;查明 逃脱;离开;出发 侥幸做成;侥幸得手 报复 通过;走过,侥幸躲过 从…下来;下车;写下 开始认真考虑或对待 认真开始工作 一把抓住;掌握;得到 收获;收(税等);抵达 参加,加入;与…交往 对…发生兴趣;卷入 借债,负债 下车;离开;开始 骑上(马等);过活 知道;意识到 与…友好相处;继续干
17

get out 离去;(消息等)泄漏 get out of 逃避;摆脱;改掉 get over 克服(困难等) get ready (使)准备好 get rid of 摆脱,除去 get through 到达;完成;接通电话 get to 到达;接触;开始 get together 聚集;会面;装配 get up 起床;爬上;达到 get up to 赶上;胜过;读到 give an opinion on 对…发表意见 give away 泄露(秘密等);增送 give back 归还;恢复;后退 give birth 使诞生;生(孩子) give expression to 表达出,反映 give in 投降;交上去;听任 give off 发出或放出(蒸气等) give oneself away 泄露,露马脚 give oneself up 自首,投降,投案 give out 发表;精疲力竭;分发;发出(气味等) give over (使)停止;放弃;交托 give rise to 产生;引起; 使发生;造成 give up 放弃;投降;抛弃 give way 让路,让步;撤退 give way to 让位于;给…让路 glance at 浏览,(粗略地)看一下 glance over 浏览,粗略地阅读 go about 从事,着手做;闲逛 go after 追逐,追求;设法得到 go against 违反;反对;不利于 go ahead 前进,领先;取得进展 go all out 全力以赶;鼓足干劲 go along with 赞同;附合,支持 go around (消息)流传;足够分配 go back on 丢弃(朋友等);食言 go back to 追溯到… go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败 go by 走过,放过;依照 go down 为…所接受,得到赞同; 下去;(船等)下沉 go for 为…去;努力获取 go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求 go into 进入;投入;调查 go into action 开始行动 go off 离去;去世;被发射 go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走 go on 继续下去,进行;接近
18

go on for go on the stage go out go out of one's way go over go through go to sleep go to the expense of go under go up go with go without go wrong good for grasp at grow out of grow up had better do sth. had rather... hand down hand in hand in hand hand on hand out hand over hang about hang back hang up happen to hardly...when... have a good time have done with have mercy on have need to do sth. have notice of have on have sth. to do with have to have to do with head first head for head off head on head up hear from hear of

接近(时刻、年龄等) 上舞台,当演员 走出(房间等);罢工 特别费心(做事) 检查;从头至尾温习 经历;完成;检查 入睡,睡着 为…的目的花钱 沉没;失败,破产 上升;(物价等)上涨 与…持同一看法;伴随 不享受 出错;发生故障 有效的;值…;胜任 向…抓去,想抓住 产生自…停止 成熟;成年;逐渐形成 还是…好,最好还是… 宁愿… 把…传下来;传给 交上;递上,交进 手拉手;联合 传下来,依次传递 分派;把…拿出来 交出,移交;让与 闲荡;聚在…临近 犹豫,踌躇,畏缩不前 把…挂起来;挂断 碰巧 刚…就… 过得快乐,玩得高兴 做完;和己…无关 对…表示怜悯 必须做某事 接到通知 穿着;有事;进行 和…有关;和…打交道 不得不;必须 与…有关;和…打交道 头向前地;冒冒失失地 朝…方向走去 绕到前面去;拦住 迎面地,正面地 在…上加盖子 接到…的信 听到,听说
19

hear sb. out heart and soul help oneself help sb. out help sb. with sth. here and now here and there hold back hold down hold in hold off hold office hold on hold on to hold one's breath hold out hold over hold up hold with How about? hunt for hurry up if any if necessary if only in a hurry in a moment in a way in a word in accordance with in addition in addition to in advance in advance of in all in all directions in and out in any case in brief in case in case of in charge in charge of in common in comparison with in consequence

听某人把话讲完 全心全意地,完全地 自取所需(食物等) 帮助,帮忙 在…帮助某人 此时此地 到处,各处;偶然 踌躇,退缩不前,阻止 压制;抑制(热情等) 约束,抑制 不接近;拖延;迟疑 担任公职 握住不放;坚持下去 紧紧抓住;控制,克制 (由于激动等原因)屏息 伸出;坚持;支持 将…延迟;期满后继任 举起;耽搁;抢劫 同意,赞成;原谅 …如何?…怎么样? 搜寻;寻找;追猎 (使)赶快;迅速完成 若有的话 如果必要的话 只要;要是…就好 匆忙;立即,很快地 立即,立刻 在某种程度上 总而言之,总之 与…一致;按照,根据 另外 除…之外(还有) 在前面;预先 在…的前面;超过 总共,共计 向四面八方 进进出出 不管怎样; 无论如何,总之 简言之;以简洁的形式 假如;免得 假如,万一… 主管;在…掌管之下 主管,掌管,照管 共用,公有,共同 与…比较 结果是,因此
20

in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in

consequence of course of danger debt to sb. detail difficulties effect error every way exchange for face of fact favour of focus force front of full future general good health half hand light of line line with memory of nature no case no time no way order order that order to other words part particular person place place of point of practice proportion to public quantity question regard to

由于…的缘故 正在…中 在危险中,垂危 欠债,欠情 详细地 处境困难 实际上;正实行中 弄错了的;错误地 在各方面,以各种方式 交换 面对;纵然,即使 其实,实际上 赞成,支持;有利于 焦点对准;清晰 (法律)有效的;大批地 在…前面,面对 充足,十足 今后,以后 通常,一般地说 身体好 成两半 现有在手头;在进行中 按照,根据;鉴于 成一直线;整齐;一致 跟…一致;符合 纪念… 性质上;实际上 决不,无论如何不 立即,立刻;马上 决不,一点也不 整齐;状况良好 以便,为了… 以便,以…为目的 换句话说,也就是说 在某种程度上;部份地 特别,尤其;详细地 亲自;身体上;外貌上 在适当的位置;适当的 代替 实际上,就事实而论 在实践中 与…成比例;与…相称 公开地,当众 大量 正在谈论的 关于
21

in relation to in respect that in return in return for in school in search of in season in secret in shape in short in sight in some ways in spite of in tears in terms of in the air in the case of in the course of in the dark in the distance in the end in the first place in the future in the name of in the open in the past in the way in the way of in the world in this case in time in turn in use in vain inquire for instead of interfere in interfere with join hands with join in join up judging by jump off jump sb. out jump the queue just about

关于,有关;与…相比 因为,考虑到 作为回报,作为报答 作为…的交换 在求学 寻找;寻求 (水果等)应时的 秘密地,私下地 处于良好(或固有)状态 总之,总而言之 被见到,看得见;在望 在某种程度上 尽管;不顾;虽然 流着泪;含泪哭 根据;以…的措词 在空中;未定 就…来说;至于 在…期间,在…过程中 在黑暗中;秘密地 在远处,远方的 最后,终于 起初,本来;首先 将来 以…的名义;代表 在户外;在露天 在过去 挡道的,妨碍人的 妨碍;在…方面,关于 究竟,到底;天下 既然是这样 及时,适时;还早 依次,轮流 在使用着 徒劳,白辛苦;轻慢 询问(商店、地点等) 代替;而不是… 干涉,干预 打扰(某人),妨碍 互相合作,携起手来 参加(活动) 参军,入伍;联合起来 从…判断 开始,开始进攻 叱责某人 不按次序排队;加塞 差不多,几乎
22

just as just now just the same just yet keep an eye on keep at keep away keep back keep down keep friends with keep from keep house keep in mind keep in touch keep in touch with keep off keep on keep one's eyes open keep one's temper keep one's word keep out of keep silence keep sth. secret keep to keep to oneself keep up keep up with kill off knock down knock off knock out know about know better than laugh at laugh over lay aside lay down lay in lay off lay out lay over lay to lay up lead off lead the way lead to

正象;正当…的时候 现在,眼下;刚才 完全一样 恰好现在 照看;留意 坚持(做);使不停地做 站开;使离开 留在后面;阻止;隐瞒 控制;压服;缩减开支 与…保持友好 阻止;使免于;隐瞒 管理家务;做家务 记住 保持联系 和…保持联系 避开;不让…接近 继续进行,反复地做 留心看着;保持警惕 忍住性子 守信用,遵守诺言 躲开,(使)置身…之外 保持沉默,不讲话 把某事保守秘密 坚持;固守(习惯等) 保守秘密,不与人来往 继续;坚持,维持 跟上,不落后 消灭,杀光 撞倒;击落;拆除 把…敲掉;击倒;停工 敲空;(拳击中)击倒 了解,知道…的情况 很懂得(而不至于) 因…而发笑;嘲笑 笑着谈论 把…放在一边;储存 放下;铺设(铁路) 贮存,贮藏 停止;(临时)解雇 花费;布置;摆开 使延期;涂,覆盖;压倒 把(功、过)归于 贮存,储蓄;暂停使用 开始,开头,率先 引路,带路;示范 通向,导致;引起
23

lead up to learn by heart learn from learn of learn off leave alone leave behind leave in the air leave off leave out let alone let down let go let in let loose let off let oneself go let out let sb. into let up lie down lie in lie on lie over lie up light up line up link up listen into listen to little by little live off live on live out live through live up to live with lock oneself in lock out long before long for look after look at look back look down on look for

把…一直带领到;导致 记住,背诵 学习,向…学习 听到;获悉…的事 记熟,背下来 不管,不理会;不打扰 丢弃;留下;忘记携带 搁置,使悬而未决 (使)停止;停下来 忽略,遗漏;省略 不干涉;不碰 放下;降低;使…失望 放开;释放;发射 让…进入;放…出来 放松,放开;放出 放(炮);开(枪);宽恕 尽情;忘乎所以 放掉(水等),发出 让…知道 减小;(雨等)渐渐停止 躺下;(故意)躺下不干 在于;分娩;睡懒觉 依赖;压迫;折磨(人) 等待以后处理 卧床;(船)入坞 照亮;点(烟) 排队,使排成一行 把…连(衔)接起来 收听;监听;偷听 听,倾听 一点一点地,逐渐地 住在…之外;靠…生活 靠…生活;以…为食 活过(某一段时间) 经历过;度过;经受住 无愧于;做到;符合 接受;忍受;承认 把自己关在里面 把…关在外面 在…以前很久 渴望 照顾;目送;负责处理 看着;注视;察看 回顾;回想;停止不前 蔑视,看不起 寻找,寻求;指望
24

look look look look look look look look look look look lose lose lose lose lose lose lose lose lose lose lost lots

forward to in into on out over round through to up up to sb. heart heart no time one's breath one's hair one's head one's heart to one's nerves one's temper sight of one's balance of

盼望,期待;预期 顺便看望,顺便访问 观察;调查;窥视 旁观;观看;面向 留神;朝外看;照料 从…上面看过去;检查 掉头看;观光;察看 (从头至尾)浏览;温习 照管;留心;指望 向上看;查出 尊敬,敬仰 灰心,泄气 丧失勇气(或信心) 立即 喘不过气来,呼吸困难 脱发;发脾气 慌乱;被砍头 心被…俘去,爱上 变得慌张,不知所措 发怒,发脾气 不再看见;忽略;忘记 失去平衡;心慌意乱 大量,许多

series of 一系列,一连串 above all 首先,尤其是 after all 毕竟,究竟 ahead of 在...之前 ahead of time 提前 all at once 突然,同时 all but 几乎;除了...都 all of a sudden 突然 all over 遍及 all over again 再一次,重新 all the time 一直,始终 all the same 仍然,照样的 as regards 关于,至于 anything but 根本不 as a matter of fact 实际上 apart from 除...外(有/无) as a rule 通常,照例 as a result(of) 因此,由于 as far as ...be concerned 就...而言 as far as 远至,到...程度 as for 至于,关于 as follows 如下
25

as if 好像,仿怫 as good as 和...几乎一样 as usual 像平常一样,照例 as to 至于,关于 all right 令人满意的;可以 as well 同样,也,还 as well as 除...外(也),即...又 aside from 除...外(还有) at a loss 茫然,不知所措 at a time 一次,每次 at all 丝毫(不),一点也不 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at all events 不管怎样,无论如何 at all times 随时,总是 at any rate 无论如何,至少 at best 充其量,至多 at first 最初,起先 at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 at hand 在手边,在附近 at heart 内心里,本质上 at home 在家,在国内 at intervals 不时,每隔... at large 大多数,未被捕获的 at least 至少 at last 终于 at length 最终,终于 at most 至多,不超过 at no time 从不,决不 by accident 偶然 at one time 曾经,一度;同时 at present 目前,现在 at sb's disposal 任...处理 at the cost of 以...为代价 at the mercy of 任凭...摆布 at the moment 此刻,目前 at this rate 照此速度 at times 有时,间或 back and forth 来回地,反复地 back of 在...后面 before long 不久以后 beside point 离题的,不相干的 beyond question 毫无疑问 by air 通过航空途径 by all means 尽一切办法,务必 by and by 不久,迟早 by chance 偶然,碰巧
26

by far 最,...得多 by hand 用手,用体力 by itself 自动地,独自地 by means of 用,依靠 by mistake 错误地,无意地 by no means 决不,并没有 by oneself 单独地,独自地 by reason of 由于 by the way 顺便说说 by virtue of 借助,由于 by way of 经由,通过...方法 due to 由于,因为 each other 互相 even if/though 即使,虽然 ever so 非常,极其 every now and then 时而,偶尔 every other 每隔一个的 except for 除了...外 face to face 面对面地 far from 远非,远离 for ever 永远 for good 永久地 for the better 好转 for the moment 暂时,目前 for the present 暂时,目前 for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益 for the time being 暂时,眼下 from time to time 有时,不时 hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联 head on 迎面地,正面的 heart and soul 全心全意地 how about ...怎么样 in a hurry 匆忙,急于 in case of 假如,防备 in a moment 立刻,一会儿 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a way 在某种程度上 in a word 简言之,总之 in accordance with 与...一致,按照 in addition 另外,加之 in addition to 除...之外(还) in advance 预先,事先 in all 总共,合计 in any case 无论如何 in any event 无论如何 in brief 简单地说
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in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in

charge of 负责,总管 common 共用的,共有的 consequence(of) 因此;由于 debt 欠债,欠情 detail 详细地 difficulty 处境困难 effect 实际上,事实上 general 一般来说,大体上 favor of 支持,赞成 front of 面对,在...前 half 成两半 hand 在进行中,待办理 honor of 为庆祝,为纪念 itself 本质上,就其本身而言 line with 与...一致 memory of 纪念 no time 立即,马上 no way 决不 order 按顺序,按次序 other words 换句话说 part 部分地 particular 特别,尤其 person 亲自,本人 place 在合适的位置 place of 代替,取代,交换 practice 在实践中,实际上 proportion to 与...成比例 public 公开地,当众 quantity 大量 question 正在谈论的 regard to 关于,至于 relation to 关于,涉及 return 作为报答/回报/交换 return for 作为对...报答 short 简言之,总之 sight 被见到;在望 spite of 尽管 step 齐步,合拍 step with 与...一致/协调 tears 流着泪,在哭着 the course of 在...期间/过程中 the distance 在远处 the end 最后,终于 the event of 如果...发生,万一 the face of 即使;在...面前 the first place 首先
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in the future 在未来 in the least 丝毫,一点 in (the)light of 鉴于,由于 in the way 挡道 in the world 究竟,到底 in time 及时 in touch 联系,接触 in turn 依次,轮流;转而 in vain 徒劳,白费力 instead of 代替,而不是 just now 眼下;刚才 little by little 逐渐地 lots of 许多 many a 许多 more or less 或多或少,有点 next door 隔壁的,在隔壁 no doubt 无疑地 no less than 不少于...;不亚于... no longer 不再 no more 不再 no more than 至多,同...一样不 none other than 不是别的,正是 on one's guard 警惕,提防 nothing but 只有,只不过 now and then 时而,偶尔 off and on 断断续续,间歇地 off duty 下班 on a large/small scale 大/小规模地 on account of 由于 on(an/the) average 平均,通常 on behalf of 代表 on board 在船(车/飞机)上 on business 因公 on condition that 如果 on duty 上班,值班 on earth 究竟,到底 on fire 起火着火 on foot 步行, on guard 站岗,值班 on hand 在场,在手边 on occasion(s) 有时,间或 on one's own 独立,独自 on purpose 故意地 on sale 出售,廉价出售 on schedule 按时间表,准时 on second thoughts 经重新考虑
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on the contrary 正相反 on the grounds of 根据,以...为由 on (the) one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 on the point of 即将...的时刻 on the road 在旅途中 on the side 作为兼职/副 业 on the spot 在场;马上 on the whole 总的来说,大体上 on time 准时 once again 再一次 once(and)for all 一劳永逸地 once in a while 偶尔 once more 再一次 once upon a time 从前 one another 相互 or else 否则,要不然 or so 大约,左右 other than 非;除了 out of 从...中;由于;缺乏 out of breath 喘不过气来 out of control 失去控制 out of date 过时的 out of doors 在户外 out of order 出故障的 out of place 不适当的 out of practice 久不练习,荒疏 out of sight 看不见,在视野外 out of the question 毫无可能的 out of touch 不联系,不接触 over and over(again) 一再地,再三地 prior at 在...之前 quite a few 相当多,不少 rather than 不是...(而是) regardless of 不顾,不惜 right away 立即,马上 side by side 肩并肩,一起 so far 迄今为止 sooner or later 迟早,早晚 step by step 逐步地 such as 例如,诸如 thanks to 由于,多亏 that is (to say) 就是说,即 to the point 切中要害,切题 under control 处于控制之下 under the circumstances 这种情况下
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up to date 在进行中 up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于 what if 切合目前情况的 what about 怎么样 with respect to 如果...将怎么样 with regard to 关于,至于 without question 关于,至于, with the exception of 除...之外 without question 毫无疑问 word for word 逐字的

作文中常用的词组及短句
1. 表示原因
1)There are three reasons for this. 2)The reasons for this are as follows. 3)The reason for this is obvious. 4)The reason for this is not far to seek. 5)The reason for this is that.. . 6)We have good reason to believe that.. . 例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’ living standard has been s greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。 如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

2.表示好处
1)It has the following advantages. 2)It does us a lot of good. 3)It benefits us quite a lot. 4)It is beneficial to us.
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5)It is of great benefit to us. 例如:Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

3.表示坏处
1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. 2)It does us much harm. 3)It is harmful to us. 例如: However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. can do harm to our health and make It us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能
1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth. 2)We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如: Computers are now being used everywhere, whether in the government, schools or in business. in Soon,computers will be found in every home, We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in too. our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

5.表示措施
1)We should take some effective measures. 2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 3)We should do our utmost in doing sth. 4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例如:The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.

6.表示变化
1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

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2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如: Some changes have taken place in people’ diet in the past five years. s The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

7.表示事实、现状
1)We cannot ignore the fact that.. . 2)No one can deny the fact that.. . 3)There is no denying the fact that.. . 4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in. 5)However,that’s not the case. 例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

8.表示比较
1)Compared with A,B.. . 2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV. 3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如:Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

9.表示数量
1)It has increased(decreased)from..to.. . . 2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000. 3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 例如: With the improvement of the living standard, proportion of people’ income spent on food has decreased while the s
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that spent on education has increased. 再如: From the graph listed above, can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than it two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

10.表示看法
1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 2)People have different opinions on this problem. 3)People take different views of(on)the question. 4)Some people believe that..Others argue that.. . . 例如:People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如:Do “lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

11.表示结论
1)In short,it can be said that .. . 2)It may be briefly summed up as follows. 3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that .. . 例如:From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved. 注:例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3 则多用文章结论段的第一句。

12.套语
1)It’s well known to us that .. . 2)As is known to us,. .. 3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about. 4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that .. .
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5)As a proverb says, “Where there is a will,there is a way.

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