江苏省常州市 2014 高考英语阅读理解、完形填空训练（50）含答案
完形填空 It was the last day of the final examination in a large eastern university. On the steps of one building, a group of engineering seniors gathered,
discussing the exam due to begin in a few last exam — then on to 1 2 . On their faces was confidence (自信). This was their and jobs. 3 get. With the 4 of the
Some talked of jobs they already had; others talked of jobs they
certainty of four years of college, they felt ready and able to take world. The coming exam, they knew, would be a(n) could bring 6 5
task. The professor had said they 7
books or notes they wanted, requesting only that they did not
each other, during the test. 8 9 they entered the classroom. The professor passed out the papers. And smiles
on the students’ faces as they noted there were only five essay-type questions. Three hours had passed 10 the professor began to collect the papers. The
students no longer looked confident. On their faces was a frightened expression. Papers in hand, no one spoke as the professor faced the class. He looked at the all five questions?” 11 12 faces before him, and then asked, “How many completed a hand was raised.
“How many answered four?” Still no hands. “Three? Two?” The students moved restlessly in their seats. “One, then? Certainly somebody finished 13 .”But the class remained silent. 14 ,” he said.
The professor put down the papers. “That is exactly what I “I just want to impress upon you that, 15
you have completed four years of 61 you don’t know. These
engineering, there are still many things about the questions you couldn’t answer are relatively smiling, he added, “You will all 18 17
in everyday practice. ” Then
this course, but remember — even though 19 .”
you are now college graduates, your education has just The years have 20
the name of this professor, but not the lesson he taught.
1. A. seconds 2. A. interview graduation 3. A. would 4. A. hold 5. A. interesting 6. A. no 7. A. listen to 8. A. Nervously 9. A. appeared 10. A. then 11. A. pleased 12. A. Not 13. A. all 14. A. wondered 15. A. right now though 16. A. exam 17. A. valuable 18. A. pass 19. A. begun succeeded 20. A. forgot
B. minutes B. discussion
C. hours C. education
D. days D.
B. must B. control B. necessary B. either B. look at B. Joyfully B. changed B. as B. worried B. Once B. none B. enjoyed B. as though
C. have to C. charge C. easy C. any C. refer to C. Quickly C. froze C. before C. surprised C. Only C. one C. hated C. now that
D. used to D. place D. unusual D. all D. talk to D. Curiously D. stopped D. after D. moved D. Even D. it D. expected D. even
B. subject B. difficult B. fail B. completed
C. question C. common C. take C. failed
D. college D. strange D. start D.
1~5 BDABC 11~15 BACDD
6~10 BDBAC 16~20 BCAAD
Learning to Accept I learned how to accept life as it is from my father. 1 , he did not teach me 2 and ill. 4
acceptance when he was strong and healthy, but rather when he was My father was 3
a strong man who loved being active, but a terrible illness
all that away. Now he can no longer walk, and he must sit quietly in a chair all day. Even talking is 6 5 . One night, I went to visit him with my sisters. We started 7 . I said that we must very often
about life, and I told them about one of my 8
give things up 9
we grow --- our youth, our beauty, our friends --- but it always
that after we give something up, we gain something new in its place. Then suddenly 10 up. He said, “But, Peter, I gave up 11 ! What did I gain?” I 12 , he answered
thought and thought, but I couldn’t think of anything to say. his own question: “I 13
the love of my family,” I looked at my sisters and saw
tears in their eyes, along with hope and thankfulness. I was also 14 by his words. After that, when I began to feel irritated (愤怒 15 remember his words and become 16 . If he could replace 17 to give
的) at someone, I
his great pain with a feeling of love for others, then I should be up my small irritations. In this father. Sometimes I 19
18 , I learned the power of acceptance from my
what other things I could have learned from him if I had listened 20 .
more carefully when I was a boy. For now, though, I am grateful for this one
1. A. Afterwards 2. A. tired 3. A. already 4. A. took 5. A. impossible Hopeless 6. A. worrying 7. A. decisions beliefs
B. Therefore B. weak B. still B. threw B. difficult
C. However C. poor C. only C. sent C. stressful
D. Meanwhile D. slow D. once D. put D.
B. caring B. experiences
C. talking C. ambitions
D. asking D.
8. A. as 9. A. suggests 10. A. spoke 11. A. something 12. A. Surprisingly 13. A. had 14. A. touched 15. A. should 16. A. quiet 17. A. ready 18. A. case 19. A. doubt 20. A. award
B. since B. promises B. turned B. anything B. Immediately B. accepted B. astonished B. could B. calm B. likely B. form B. wonder B. gift
C. before C. seems C. summed C. nothing C. Naturally C. gained C. attracted C. would C. Relaxed C. free C. method C. know C. lesson D. way
D. till D. requires D. opened D. everything D. Certainly D. enjoyed D. warned D. might D. happy D. able
D. guess D. word
参考答案 1~5 CBDAB 11~15 DACAC 6~10 CDACA 16~20 BDDBB
************************************************************结束 （2010·湖北卷·E 篇） Have you winterized your horse yet? Even though global warming may have made our climate more mild, many animals are still hibernating(冬眠) . It’s too bad that humans can’t hibernate. In fact, as a species, we almost did. Apparently, at times in the past, peasants in France liked a semi-state of human hibernation . So writes Graham Robb, a British scholar who has studied the sleeping habits of the French peasants. As soon as the weather turned cold people all over France shut themselves away and practiced the forgotten art of doing nothing at all for months on end. In line with this, Jeff Warren, a producer at CBC Radio’s The Current, tells us that the way we sleep has changed fundamentally since the invention of artificial(人造
的) lighting and the electric bulb. When historians began studying texts of the Middle Ages, they noticed something referred to as “first sleep”, which was not clarified, though. Now scientists are telling us our ancestors most likely slept in separate periods. The business of eight hours’ uninterrupted sleep is a modern invention. In the past , without the artificial light of the city to bathe in, humans went to sleep when it became dark and then woke themselves around midnight. The late night period was known as “The Watch”. It was when people actually kept watch against wild animals, although many of them simply moved around or visited family and neighbours . According to some sleep researchers, a short period of insomnia(失眠) at midnight is not a disorder. It is normal. Humans can experience another state of consciousness around their sleeping, which occurs in the brief period before we fall asleep or wake ourselves in the morning. This period can be an extraordinarily creative time for some people. The impressive inventor, Thomas Edison, used this state to hit upon many of his new ideas. Playing with your sleep rhythms can be adventurous, as anxiety may set in. Medical science doesn’t help much in this case. It offers us medicines for a full night’s continuous sleep, which sounds natural ; however, according to Warren’s theory， it is really the opposite of what we need. 67. The example of the French peasants shows the fact that________. A. people might become lazy as a result of too much sleep B. there were signs of hibernation in human sleeping habits C.people tended to sleep more peacefully in cold weather D. winter was a season for people to sleep for months on end 68. The late night was called “The Watch” because it was a time for people______. A. to set traps to catch animals B. to wake up their family and neighbours C. to remind others of the time D. to guard against possible dangers
69. What does the author advise people to do ? A. Sleep in the way animals do. B. Consult a doctor if they can’t sleep. C. Follow their natural sleep rhythm. D. Keep to the eight-hour sleep pattern. 70.What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To give a prescription for insomnia. B. To urge people to sleep less. C. To analyze the sleep pattern of modern people. D. To throw new light on human sleep. 3、 【文章大意】 本文介绍了一些睡眠专家的研究成果这对人们如何对待睡眠习惯有所启示。属于科普类说明 文。 67． 【解析】选 B。细节推断题。根据第二段讲述的内容，联系第一段最后一句分析推定 B 项 符合题意。C 项为干扰项，但原文未做比较而且也不符合中心。 68. 【解析】选 D。细节推断题。由第五段中最后一句?It was when people actually kept watch against wild animals ,although many of them simply ? .直接推断出正确答案为 D。 69. 【解析】 C。细节推断题。综合分析最后一段内容可知作者建议人们遵循自然睡眠规律， 选 因此，C 项符合题意。 70. 【解析】选 D。主旨意图题。根据各段的 main idea 综合分析即可得出结论。 para.1 lead in the topic—human sleep. para.2 an example for human
hibernating. Para.3-5 different types of human sleep. para.6 para.7 as for insomnia and another state of consciousness advice on human sleep.
此题也可用排除法排除 A、B、C 均为片面性。
41. It is the narrowest part of the river. They told the villagers that a bridge built here. A. might B. must C. should D. could .
42. The plan you’ve made is of great interest, but it doesn’t seem A. actual B. special C. normal
D. practical at last.
43. The nurse treat the naughty boy very kindly, but her patience A. went down B. used up C. got away
D. gave out
44. —I’m not sure what time I’ll arrive, maybe half past seven or a quarter to eight. — A. anyhow 45. I think it , I’ll be there as early as possible. B. however C. thus D. therefore
to let farmer have their own land. In that way, they can farm the
land by themselves, and food production will be higher. A. no good usefulness 46. — Kennedy Airport, please. I have to be there by 7. — _____, but I’ll do my best. A. No problem that 47. Anyone who has ridden on a railway train knows how rapidly another train flashes by when it is traveling A. in the same direction C. toward the opposite direction 48. —I saw Jim at the meeting yesterday? —Did you? I think he A. needn’t couldn’t 49. He be in his office now, because he phoned me from his home just now.
B. makes sense
C. talks sense
C. I can’t promise
D. I can’t do
. B. in the opposite direction D. against the same direction
have attended, for he is an expert. B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D.
A. mustn’t shouldn’t
50. —I’d like to go to the cinema with yon, dad. —Sorry, my darling, but the film is A. admitted B. intended for adults only. C. promised D. permitted
参考答案 41—45DDABA 46—50CBACB