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新人教英语词汇句型复习课件必修3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note


必修3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note

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要点梳理 ●重点单词

高效梳理·知识备考

1 〃 adventure n . 奇 遇 ; 冒 险 → adventurer n . 冒 险 家

→adv

enturous adj.喜欢冒险的
2〃scene n.(戏剧)一场;现场;场面;景色 3〃wander vi.漫游;漫步;漂泊 4〃pavement n.人行道 5〃permit vt. & vi.许可;允许;准许n.通行证;许可证;执 照→permission n.许可;准许
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6〃spot vt.发现;认出n.斑点;污点;地点 7〃passage n.船费(包括食宿);通道;(一)段 8〃account vi. & vt. 认为;说明;总计有 n.说明;理由;

计算;账目
9〃seek vt. & vi.寻找;探索;寻求→sought(过去式/过去分 词) 10〃patience n.耐性;忍耐→patient adj. & n.有耐心的; 病人

11 〃 contrary n . 反 面 ; 对 立 面 adj. 相 反 的 ; 相 违 的
→contrarily adv.相反地
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12〃envelope n.信封 13 〃 believe vt. 相 信 ; 信 任 → believable adj. 可 信 任 的 →unbelievable adj.难以置信的

14〃amount n.数量
15〃manner n.礼貌;举止;方式 16〃indeed adv.真正地;确实;实在

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●重点短语 1〃bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出 2〃go ahead 前进;(用于祈使句)

可以;往下说
3〃by accident/chance 偶然;无意中;不小心 4〃stare at 盯着看;凝视 5〃account for 导致;作出解释

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6〃on the contrary 与此相反;正相反 7〃take a chance 冒险 8〃in rags 衣衫褴褛

9〃as for/to 关于;至于
10〃to be honest 说实话 11〃from the bottom of one’s heart 从心底 12〃take one’s order 点菜

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●重点句型 1〃The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship.

第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。
2〃You can’t open it until two o’clock.到两点钟你才能打 开。 3〃That’s why we’ve given you the letter. 这正是我们给你这封信的原因。

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4〃Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 哎,傍晚时分,我发现自己被一阵大风刮到了大海上。

5〃You must come whenever you want and have whatever
you like.您什么时候想来,您想吃点什么,你就一定要来 呀!

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●高考范文 (2009·浙江卷) 5月1日,高二(3)班的学生志愿者Li Yue 和 Zhang Hua 去阳

光敬老院(Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动(送水
果、打扫、聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者,请按下 列要点用英语写一则100~120个词的新闻报道。 1〃时间、地点、任务、活动; 2〃老人们的反应;

3〃简短评论。

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注意:报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不计词数)。 Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________
By Chen Jie, School Newspaper

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[范文] Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, students from Class

Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and
did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then, they started working at once, cleaning the windows and

sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard
chatting with the elderly people.
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When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever. Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives. By Chen Jie, School Newspaper

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考点探究

互动探究· 能力备考

Ⅰ.词汇短语过关 1.scene n. (戏剧)一场;现场;场面;景色 the scene of the crime 犯罪现场 behind the scenes 暗中,秘密地,在幕后 (come) on the scene 出现,到场,在场

set the scene (为……)作好准备,(为……)设置舞台

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[即学即练1](1)Our reporter was the first person on the scene _________________________(到现场). (2)The rocking boats along the river bank make a beautiful scene ___________________________(构成一道美丽的风景). (3)The boy led his mother to the scene of the accident _________________________________________(事故 现场).

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2〃permit vt. 允许,许可 n〃[C]许可证,执照 permission n. [U]许可,准许,允许

permit doing sth. 允许做某事
permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 with/without one's permission=with/without the permission of sb. (不)在某人的允许下

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give her permission [即学即练2](1)She refused to ______________________. 她拒不同意。

permit (2)Do you have a driver's ______?你有驾驶执照吗?
Time permitting (3)_______________, we'll go out for a picnic. 时间允许,我们就去野餐。 permitted his parking (4)The policeman ________________________ there. permitted him to park =The policeman _______________________________ there. 警察允许他在那里停车。
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3.spot vt. 发现,认出;点缀n. 斑点;污点;地点 on the spot 当场,当下 put sb. on the spot 使某人尴尬,使某人为难

hit the spot 满足要求,合口味
a scenic/historic spot 风景名胜/古迹 be spotted with sth. 满是……斑点

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where [即学即练3](1)This is the spot ______ the two trucks
collided.这儿就是那两辆卡车相撞的地点。

get that spot (2)How did you _______________________ on your face?
你脸上怎么弄脏了一块?

on the spot (3)The teacher graded our test papers _________________.
老师当场就给我们的试卷打了分。

spotted (4)The ink has ________________ my clean shirt.
墨水把我的干净衬衫弄脏了。

spotted (5)My father ____________ several spelling mistakes in my
composition.我父亲在我的作文里发现了好几处拼写错误。
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4.account n. 说明;理由;计算;账目;报道 vi. & vt. 认为;说明;总计有 account for 说明(原因等);作出解释

on account of 由于,因为
on no account 决不(置于句首时,句子用部分倒装) on any account 无论如何 take account of=take...into consideration 考虑…… keep an account of 记录,记载

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account for [即学即练4](1)He could not _______________ his foolish mistake. 他无法解释他所犯的愚蠢错误。 an account for (2)Give us ________________________ what happened. 跟我们说一下到底发生了什么。 on account of (3)She retired early ______________________ ill health. 她体弱多病,所以提前退休。 (4)The company takes account of _____________________ environmental issues wherever possible.只要有可能, 这家公司会考虑到环境问题。
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提示:表示否定意义的 on no account 放在句首时,句子 应用部分倒装。如:On no account should you go there. 你绝对不可以到那里去。

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5.seek (sought, sought) vt. & vi. 寻找;探索;追求 seek one’s fortune追求财富;碰运气 seek (after/for) sth. 寻找某物;追求某物

seek sth. from sb.向某人寻求某事
seek to do sth.(=try/attempt to do sth.)试图/企图做某事

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[即学即练5](1)He is seeking(=asking for) a job.他正在找 ______ 工作。 sought advice from (2)The boy ___________________________ his teacher.

这个男孩向他的老师请教。
seeking after truth (3)He is the man who is always ____________________. 他是个始终追求真理的人。 seeking to mislead (4)They are ___________________ us. 他们试图误导我们。

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6.bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出 brought up [即学即练6](1)She has _______________ five children. 她养育了五个孩子。 bring up (2)These are matters that you can ________________ in committee.这些问题你可在委员会中提出。

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拓展:bring about 引起;致使;造成;达成 bring along/on 带来 bring back 使记起;归还;恢复

bring down 使减低;降低;挫伤(傲气)
bring forth 产生;产出;生产 bring forward 提出;出示;展示 bring out 揭露;显示,解释;出版 bring to (oneself) 使复苏 bring in 引进;引来;赚得
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7.go ahead 前进;(用于祈使句)可以;往下说;说吧;干 吧 go ahead with开始做某事

ahead of 在…… 之前;超过
press ahead with加紧进行,推行

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[即学即练7]写出下列句中go ahead的意思。 (1)If you think you can settle the problem, go ahead.

开始干吧 ____________ (2)The police examined the cars and allowed them to 继续前行 go ahead.______________________
(3)—I'm afraid I have to trouble you with a question. 请说吧 —Go ahead. _______________ (4)The government intends to go ahead with its 推行;开始做 privatization plans.____________________
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8.on the contrary 正相反,反之(表示相反意见) on the other hand 另一方面(说明问题的另一方面) contrary to... 与……相反;违反,对抗

quite/just the contrary 恰恰相反
to the contrary 与此相反地

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[即学即练8](1)The boy was swimming in a direction contrary to _______________ the current. 那男孩逆流游去。 On the contrary (2)You didn't bother me. ________________________,

I like your company. 你没有打扰我。相反地,我喜欢有
你做伴。 (3)Although Bill was going to the movies, he told Jack to the contrary _________________________________________. 虽然比尔要去看电影,但是他告诉杰克,说他不去。

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9.take a chance冒险;试图做某事;碰运气 take a chance=take one’s chance=take chances by chance/accident偶然;碰巧

Chances are(that)可能性是……
There is a slim/slight chance that...不大可能……

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take chances [即学即练9](1)You should never ___________________ when driving a car.开车时千万别冒险。 by chance (2)We hadn’t planned to meet. We met ______________.

我们原未打算相见,是偶然遇见的。
Chances are that (3)_________________________ she’s already heard the news. 可能她已经听到那则消息了。

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10.as for 关于;至于 As for [即学即练10](1)_______________ the cause of the fire, I don't know anything.

至于火灾的原因,我一点也不知道。
(2)We had a wonderful time in the country. As for _________ the traffic, we had no difficulty. 我们在乡下度过了一个愉快的周末。至于交通,我们没遇到 任何困难。

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拓展:as for与as to都是介词短语,意思相近,都是“至于, 关于;就……而言,就……来说”之意。as with“与…… 一样”。 As to the journey, we must decide about that later. 至于旅行,我们必须以后再作决定。

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Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1〃Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried_out to sea by a strong wind.哎,傍晚时分,我发现自己被一阵大风

刮到了大海上。
(1)“find oneself + 宾 语 补 足 语 ” , 意 为 “ ( 突 然 ) 发 现 自 己??”。 ①When he came to, he found himself in a deserted island. 他 醒来后,发现自己在一个荒凉的岛上。

② On hearing this, I found myself in an embarrassing
position. 听到这后,我突然发现自己处在很尴尬的境地。
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(2)find oneself doing sth. 突然发现或惊奇地发现自己在做某事, 表示吃惊或不相信等情感。 ①Dick found himself walking in the direction of Mike's place. 迪克突然发现自己在朝迈克家的方向走去。 ②When he came to, he found himself lying in the hospital. 他醒来后,发现自己躺在了医院里。

(3)find oneself done (突然)发现自己被……;不知不觉中发现自
己被…… Then I found myself surrounded by half a dozen boys. 然后我就发现自己已被六个男孩围住了。

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[ 即 境 活 用 1]

Toward ______ sunset, he found himself

______ to a deserted island. A〃the; taken B./; taken

C〃the; taking

D./; taking

解析:第一空 toward 后接时间名词时,名词前通常不加冠 词;第二空 “find oneself+过去分词”,过去分词做宾补, 表被动。 答案:B

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2〃The next morning _I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。

had just done...when...刚做完某事,这时??
be doing...when...正在做??这时?? be about to do...when...正要做??这时?? be on the point of doing...when...正要做??这时??

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①I had just gone to bed when the telephone rang. 我刚上床睡觉,这时电话响了。 ②He was reading newspapers when he heard his name

called.他正在读报,这时听到有人叫他的名字。
③I was about to go out when an unexpected visitor came.我正要出门,一位不速之客来访了。

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[即境活用2]

I had finished my homework and ______

watch the Olympics when the power was cut off. A.was going to B.was about to

C.was to

D.would

解析:be about to do...when...表示“正要做……这 时……”,符合语境和语意。 答案:B

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3〃You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 您什么时候想来,您想吃点什么,你就一定要来 呀! (1)whenever, wherever, however 引导让步状语从句,相当于 no matter when/where/how。 (2)whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever 既可引导名词性 从句,也可引导让步状语从句,在引导让步状语从句时相 当于 no matter what/who/which/whom。

(3)“no matter+疑问词”只能引导让步状语从句,可放在
主句前或主句后。
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(4)however 的用法主要有以下三点需要注意: ①用做连接副词,相当于 no matter how,引导让步状语从句, 意思是“不管怎样……;无论如何……”,具体结构为: however+形容词/副词+主语+谓语。例如: However rich people are, they always seem anxious to make more money.

无论人们有多富裕,他们似乎总是渴望挣到更多的钱。
②用做连词,表示“不管用什么方法”。 ③however 还可作“然而”讲,是副词,不能引导从句,常用逗 号隔开。
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(5)whichever, whatever 在句中还可做定语。 Eat whichever cake you like. 你可以吃任何一块你想吃的蛋糕。

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[即境活用3]

(1)(2008· 辽宁)______ hungry I am, I never

seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. A.Whatever B.Whenever

C.Wherever

D.However

解析:“however+adj.+主+谓”表示“无论多么……”。 答案:D

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(2)______team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A.No matter what B.No matter which

C.Whatever

D.Whichever

解析:根据句子结构可知,本题考查名词性从句,排除A、 B项。whatever和 whichever 的不同在于前者没有范围 而后者有范围,本句中指“周六参加比赛的获胜队”,是 有范围的,故选 whichever。

答案:D

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易错点拨

自我完善· 误区备考

1. scene/scenery/view/sight (1)scene 指展现在眼前的情景,也可以指 scenery 的一部分,

指某处小范围的景色,大多包括景物中的人及活动,可译为
“情景”“景色”“场面”“(戏剧)一场”。 (2)scenery是总称,指大范围的自然风光,是由多个 scene 构成

的景色,常译为“景色”“风景”。
(3)view 是指人从一定的角度(或从远处或从高处等)所看到的景象, 还有“观点”“看法”等意思。 (4)sight是眼睛所看到的景象,可以指美丽的风景,也可以指悲惨 的景象,其复数形式 sights 表示“名胜古迹,人文景观”等。
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[应用1]

用 scene, scenery, view, sight的适当形式填空。

view (1)As we climbed higher, a wonderful ______ opened out
before us.

scene (2)The next day we returned to the ______ of the accident.
(3)The scene of the play is a kitchen. ______

sights (4)The Great Wall is one of the most breathtaking ______ in
the world.

scenery (5)The autumn __________ of Beijing is charming.
(6)Do you remember the scene in the play where Susan ______ meets Alan for the first time?
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2. manner/method/way/means 这四个词均有“方法;方式”的意思。 (1)manner指个人的、独特的或有特色的“方法;方式”,常与

in连用。
(2)method指合理的或系统的“方法”,包括抽象的观念和具体 的步骤,如为完成教学、调查、医疗等各项工作而采取的一系

列步骤或方法,常与with连用。
(3)means指为达到某种目的而采取的“手段”或“方法”,常与 by连用。 (4)way为普通用语,可以代替method, manner或means,但 why更富有表达力,常与in连用。
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[应用2]

method (1)He invented a new __________ of teaching

English. manner (2)I don’t like his ___________ of walking. means (3)There is/are no ____________ of getting there. means (4)You can finish it by this _______________. ways (5)There are a lot of ________________ to make friends.

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3. ~ever与no matter wh~的用法 [应用3] (1)In peace,too,the Red Cross is expected

to send help______there is human suffering.

A.whoever
C.whatever

B.however
D.wherever

解析:(1)句意为“在和平时期,红十字会也应把帮助送 到人们受苦难的地方”。 答案:D

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(2)(2009· 福建泉州高三质检)All the books I have are here. You may borrow ______ you like. A.whatever B.whichever

C.whenever

D.however

解析:(2)whichever强调“在某一范围内任何一个人/

物”。whatever指“任何(某事)”,不强调范围。
答案:B

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(3)He tried his best to solve the problem, ______difficult it was. A. however B. no matter

C. whatever

D. although

解析:(3)however 引导让步状语从句,等于 no matter

how, 若用 although,应改为 although it was difficult。
答案:A

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(4)______,I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A. However the story is amusing

B. No matter amusing the story is
C. However amusing the story is D. No matter how the story is amusing 解析:(4)however=no matter how,引导让步状语 从句,后接“adj./adv.+主+谓”结构。 答案:C
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高效作业

自我测评· 技能备考

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Ⅰ.单词拼写

bet 1〃I can make a b______ that our team will win.
patience 2〃I warn you; I'm beginning to lose my p_______ with you. bowing 3〃The Japanese are used to b_________ to each other when they meet. screamed 4〃The little girl s_____________ when she saw a mouse

running by her feet.
unbelievable 5〃It was really u__________________ that he fell off the truck without being hurt.

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scene 6〃The first ______(场景) of the play was almost over when they got to the theatre. manners 7〃It is good ___________ (礼貌) to give your seat to an old

man on the bus. account 8〃In order to keep his money safe, he opened an ________
(账户) with the bank. adventures 9〃They had a lot of __________ (冒险) in the journey. wanders 10〃With nothing to do, he just ________ (漫步) about every

day.

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Ⅱ .单项选择 1.(2010· 安徽皖南八校二联)As soon as ______ concert film This Is It was released on October 28th, it became

______ great success in all big cinemas across the
planet. A.a; the B.the; a C.the; / D.a; a

答案:B
解析:考查冠词。根据句意可知,第一空特指This Is It这部影 片,因此用定冠词the; success当“成功的人或事物”讲时, 是可数名词,因此前面加不定冠词。
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2.It is bad ______ to talk with your finger ______ at the other person. A.manners; points B.manner; to point

C.manners; pointing
答案:C

D.manner; pointed

解析:It's bad manners to do sth. 意为“做……是不礼貌 的”;第二空考查 “with+宾语+宾补(现在分词)”的用 法。

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3.When the murderer______to run away, the police came. A.sought B.risked

C.dared
答案:A

D.thought

解析:seek to do...意思为“试图做……”,相当于 try/attempt to do... ;risk 后必须接 doing 结构,think 后应该接 of doing 结构,dare to do 意思为“敢做……”,

均不合题意。

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4.—Do you think that housing price will keep ______ in the years to come? —Sorry, I have no idea.

A.lifting up
C.bringing up 答案:B

B.going up
D.growing up

解析:考查动词短语。“价格”上涨应用 go up。

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5.When the thief found the police had already ______ him, he ran away quickly. A.realized B.known

C.spotted
答案:C

D.stared

解析:句意:当小偷发现警察已经发现他时,他飞快地跑了。 spot 有“发现,认出”的意思。realize 意识到;know 认识;stare vi. 后接介词 at。

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6.—Jimmy had a lot of parties recently. —Yes, that might ______ why he didn't do well in the test.

A.sum up
C.account for 答案:C

B.add up to
D.make sense of

解析:考查动词短语。account for“说明……的原因”,合 题意。A.总结 B.加起来总计D.弄懂;理解。

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7.Because of ______ mail we receive, we may not be able to reply to your letter. Please remember to include your full name with your letter. A.a great many of C.the large amount of 答案:C 解析:考查表示数量的短语。句意表示“由于我们收到邮件 数量很多……”,mail为不可数名词,故选C。 B.a large number of D.a great plenty of

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8.(2010· 北京海淀期末)-I regret to you the other day. -Forget it. I was a bit say that I ______ have shouted at out of control myself.

A.shouldn't
C.couldn't 答案:A

B.mustn't
D.mightn't

解析:考查情态动词的用法。shouldn't have done表示 “过去本不该做,却做了……”。语意:——我很抱歉,

我本不该朝你大声嚷的。——忘了吧,我也有点失控。

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9.______me, I don't like this ______ novel. A.As with; latest C.As for; latest B.As with; newest D.As with; newest

答案:C
解析:as for me 就我而言;as with 和……一样;latest最 新的,最近的。

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10.There is much chance ______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A.that B.what

C.when
答案:A

D.which

解析:There is much chance that...“很有可能……”,that 引导同位语从句。

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11.The little boy came riding at full speed down the motorway on his bicycle. ______ it was! A.What a dangerous scene

B.What dangerous a scene
C.How a dangerous scene D.How dangerous the scene 答案:A 解析:scene为可数名词,其感叹句的正确表达应为:What a

dangerous scene it was!或How dangerous the scene
was!或How dangerous a scene it was!
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12.______ if you passed the exam you would receive a reward was telling lies. A.Whoever told you that

B.Those who told you that
C.No matter who told you D.Whoever that told you 答案:A 解析:whoever相当于anyone who,引导主语从句。that 引导宾语从句,宾语从句又含有一个if引导的条件状语从 句。
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13.The bill would ______ workers twelve weeks of unpaid leave for family emergencies. A.permit B.supply

C.admit
答案:A

D.provide

解析:permit sb. sth. “允许某人某事”。句意为:如果家 有急事,法案允许工人有12周无薪假日。

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14.When I came to myself, I found myself ______ and ______ a group of people. A.to be at hospital; surrounded by

B.at hospital; surrounding
C.at hospital; surrounded by D.at hospital; to be surrounded 答案:C 解析:考查 “find+宾语+宾补”结构。第一空用介词短语 做宾补;第二空用过去分词表被动。
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15.—Would you mind my sitting here ______ lunch? —______. A.and have; No, not at all

B.and having; No, thank you
C.to have; Never, go ahead D.and have; Oh, it's my pleasure 答案:C 解析:第一空需填 to have或 and having,与 sitting并列; 对于 mind 的回答应为 No, not at all. 或 Never, go ahead.
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Ⅲ .完形填空 “How did you do it, Dad? How have you __1__ not to take a drink for almost 20 years?” It took me

almost 20 years to have the __2__ to even ask my
father this very __3__ question. When Dad first __4__ drinking, the whole family was on pins and needles __5__ he got into a situation that, in the past, would have started him drinking again. For a few years we were __6__ to bring it up for fear that the drinking would begin again.
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“I had this little __7__ that I would recite to myself __8__ four to five times a day.” was Dad's __9__ to my 18?year?old unasked question. “The __10__ were an instant relief and constant reminder to me that things were never so __11__ that I could not handle them,” Dad said. And then he __12__ the

poem with me. The poem's simple, yet profound (深
奥的) words __13__ became part of my daily routine as well.

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About a month after this talk with my father, I __14__ a gift in the mail from a friend of mine. It was a book of affirmations(断言)with one affirmation listed for each __15__ of the year. I __16__ opened the book to the page of my birthday to see what words of wisdom this book had in store for me. __17__ of disbelief and appreciation rolled down my face. There, on my birthday, was the __18__ poem that had helped my __19__ for all these years! It is called The Serenity Prayer.
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God, give me the serenity (平静)to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to __20__ the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.

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1. A. failed C. managed 2. A. courage

B. succeeded D. tried B. ability

C. wisdom
3. A. interesting C. hard 4. A. started C. minded 5. A. every time C. next time

D. confidence
B. personal D. unanswered B. enjoyed D. stopped B. all time D. last time
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6. A. anxious C. afraid 7. A. book

B. glad D. eager B. passage

C. poem
8. A. at least C. at first 9. A. comment C. contribution 10. A. words C. letters

D. list
B. at most D. at last B. praise D. reply B. phrases D. sentences
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11. A. strange C. simple 12. A. shared

B. different D. tough B. talked

C. read
13. A. surprisingly C. increasingly 14. A. brought C. received 15. A. hour C. month

D. impressed
B. immediately D. regularly B. bought D. accepted B. week D. day
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16. A. easily C. sadly 17. A. Tears

B. hurriedly D. peacefully B. Smiles

C. Sweat
18. A. correct C. original 19. A. mother C. friend 20. A. believe C. change

D. Satisfaction
B. impossible D. exact B. father D. classmate B. benefit D. do
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答案及解析: 1. C。句意为:“你是如何设法做到在过去的20年里不喝一杯 酒?”manage to do sth.设法做到某事。 2. A。我过了20年才有勇气去问我的父亲这个非常私人的问题。” 作为子女去问这样的问题肯定是有顾虑的,所以作者说的是 “勇气”。courage 勇气。

3. B。 personal个人的,私人的。分析见上题。
4. D。 句意为:“当父亲刚开始停止渴酒的时候,全家人如坐针 毡,每一次他总会陷入一种情形之中,他会再次渴酒。every time每次/ 5. A。 every time每次。分析见上题。
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6. C。 几年来我们都不敢提出这个话题,因为我们害怕父亲 会再次渴酒。 7. C。 根据后文可知用poem。

8. A。 每天至少背四到五次来强调父亲的决心。
9. D。 与question相对应的词是答案,即:answer或reply。 10. A。 用words来指父亲要背诵的那首诗。 11. D。 首先确定句意,父亲指的是事情并非如此艰难以至 于事情是可以控制的。tough艰难的,不容易的。

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12. A。 句意为:“然后父亲把那首诗拿来和我分 享。”share sth. with sb.和某人分享某事物。 13. B。 父亲的那首诗立刻变成作者日常行为的一部分。这

句话是用来体现这首诗对作者的影响也很大。
14. C。 我收到了一件邮件。客观的收到用receive。 15. D。 这是一本电子书,上面列出了适合每一天的宣言。 言外之意是每天都可以背一个相对应的宣言。 16. B。 句意为:“我快速地翻到与我生日相对应的那一天,

想看看送给我的睿言是什么。”

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81

17. A。句意为:“难以置信的和感激的眼泪顺着我的脸流 了下来。” 18. D。 句意为:“在我生日那一天的书页上正是帮助我父 亲度过这些年的那首诗歌。” 19. B。 见上题分析。 20. C。 与上一句话的change对应。意为:“给我以平静,

让我接受我不能改变的事情,给我勇气来让我改变我能改
变的事情。”

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82

Ⅳ.短文改错

I was recent told that listening to loud music is gradually

1.______

recent→recently making people hard of hearing. I'm sure it has already been

2.______
去掉been happened to my neighbor. For years she has turned a deaf 3.______

ear to my requests to turn her radio down. When she gave a
√ 4.______

party she isn't have to invite the rest of the street. Everyone 5.______
gave→gives

isn't→doesn't

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83

can dance in her music in his own room. Now a scientist has
第一个in→to 6.______

discovered a certain electronic sounds have strange effects on
去掉a 7.______

rats. He declares they break down, almost paralyze( 瘫 ) with
with后加their 8.______

legs trembled. Then it is simply a matter of throwing them 9.______
trembled→trembling out by their tail. I wonder if the same thing will happen to 10.______

my neighbor some day.
tail→tails

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84


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