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高中英语知识点与语法总结


必修 1 核心单词 1. add vt.& vi. 增加;加;加起来;补充说; 又说 常用结构: add to 增添;增加;增进 add ...to ...把??增添到?? add up 合计,相加 add up to 总数为;总计为 He added some wood to increase the fire. 他添了一些木柴,使火更旺些。 If you add 4

to 3 you get 7.四加三得七。 Unit 1 Friendship Page No.11 Page No.12 ①解析:选 C。考查动词辨析。句意为:我 要说的就是这些, 约翰你还有什么要补充的吗? ②解析:选 D。add to 的意思是“添加到” 。 2. upset

adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt. ( upset, upset) 使不安;使心烦;打翻; 打乱 联想拓展 be upset by...被?? 打乱 upset oneself about sth.为某事烦恼 Our arrangements for the weekend were upset by her visit. 她一来把我们周末的安排给打乱了。 Don’t upset yourself — no harm has been done. 不要难过——并没有造成任何伤害。 He was horribly upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。 The students really upset her. 学生们着实让 她烦恼。 高手过招 用 upset 的适当形式填空(原创) ①The food my stomach. ②She felt rather on hearing the news. ③Is it an message?

④Don’t be . It will be OK. ①upset ②upset ③upsetting ④upset 3. ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视 I said hello to her, but she ignored me completely. 我向她打招呼,可是她根本不理我。 He ignored the speed limit and drove very fast. 他不顾时速限制,把车开得飞快。 联想拓展 ignorant adj. (对某事物)不了解的;无知的; 无学识的 be ignorant of/about sth.不知道;没有意识到 ignorance n.无知;愚昧;不知道 be in ignorance of/about sth. 不知道某事 易混辨析 ignore/neglect/overlook ignore 通常指有意不顾,或不理会显而易 见的事物。 neglect 侧重指有意的忽略或忽视,也可指 粗心与疏忽。 overlook 指因匆忙而疏忽或视而不见。

高手过招 (1)用 ignore/neglect/overlook 的适当形式 填空 (原创) ①We could not afford to such a serious offence. ②He utterly my warnings and met with an accident. ③Don’t to pay him a visit now and then. (1)①overlook ②ignored ③neglect (2)单项填空 —So you didn’t say hello to him last night? —Well, I stopped and smiled when I saw him, but he me and walked on. (2010· 杭 州一模) A. Ignored B. refused C. denied D. missed Page No.15 (2)解析:选 A。答句句意为:我看到他就停 下来冲他微笑,但是 他没理我就走了。 ignore 不理睬, 忽视; refuse 拒绝;deny 否认,

拒绝给予;miss 怀念,错过。 4. concern n. [U]关心,担心,担忧; [C]有利害关 系的事 vt. 涉及,关系到,参与;使担心 联想拓展 concerning prep. 关于 concerned adj.有关的;担心的 concern sb.与某人有关 be concerned with sth.牵涉,与??有关;参 与 concern oneself with 关心 be concerned about/for/over sth.担心;关心某 事 as/so far as ... be concerned 关于;至于; 就??而言 As far as I am concerned, you can go wherever you want. 就我而言,你什么时候走都行。 We read stories concerning visitors from outer space. 我们读了关于天外来客的故事。

I was very concerned about my mother’s illness. 我很担心母亲的病情。 高手过招 (1)单项填空 The meeting was concerned reforms and everyone present was concerned their own interests. (2010·福建厦门双十中学检测) A. with; for B. for; which C. for; about D. about; with (2)用 concern 的适当形式填空(原创) ①There is an article that the rise of the prices. ②The children are rather about their mother’s health. ③Officials should themselves public affairs. (1)解析:选 A。句意为:这次会议牵涉到 改革,在场的每个人都很担心自己的利益。 be concerned with 牵涉到,和??有关;be concerned for/about 担心;关心。

(2)①concerns ②concerned ③concern;with 5. settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居;安排;解决 Both wanted to settle their scores.双方都愿意 尽弃前嫌。 常用结构: settle down 镇定下来 settle in 在??定居 He settled his child in a corner of the compartment. 他把孩子安顿在车厢的一个角落里。 The family has settled in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。 Page No.18 高手过招 单项填空 ①—Do you know anyone in Paris? —No. I’ll make friends once .(2010·福建 厦门六中检测) A. I’m settled B. I have settled

C. I’ll be settled D. I’m settling ②The brake of your bicycle has come loose. You’d better it .(2010·陕西西安交大附 中) A. settle B. fix C. pick D. correct ①解析:选 A。settle 作“安家”讲时,既可 用 settle, 也可用 be settled。 本题是由 once(一 旦)引起的时间状语从句, 故用一般现在时表 将来。 ②解析:选 B。由句意可知,因为自行车的 车闸坏了,因此要“修理” 。 Page No.19 6. suffer vt. 遭受;忍受;蒙受 vi.后接 from/for 意为 “受??之苦” 患?? “ , 疾病” 常用结构: suffer an attack/a defeat/losses/pains

遭受打击/失败/损失/痛苦 He suffered hard pains from the accident. 他忍受着事故带来的痛苦。 Do you suffer from headaches? 你经常头痛 吗? She’ suffering from loss of memory. 她患有 s 遗忘症。 联想拓展 sufferer n. 受苦者,受难者 suffering n.痛苦,苦难 Page No.20 高手过招 (1)单项填空 In the countryside there are many dropouts (辍 学 者 ). I think the difficulty the poor economic conditions.(2010·浙江嘉 兴一轮检测) A. lies in B. result in C. leads to D. suffers from (2)翻译句子

我们在金融危机中损失惨重。 (1)解析:选 A。考查短语辨析。lie in 在这 里相当于 because of。 (2)We suffered huge losses in the financial crisis. Page No.21 重点短语 7. go through 经历;经受;检查;浏览;用完;做完 The country has gone through too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争。 She’s gone through a bad patch recently. 她最近经历了一段困难时期。 Have you gone through all your money already? 你把所有的钱都花完了吗? I went through the students’ papers last night. 昨晚我仔细阅读了学生的试卷。 联想拓展 go after 追求;追赶 go ahead 前进;请说(做)吧 go by 走过; (时间)过去

go along with 向前; (与......)一起去 go in for 爱好;从事 Page No.22 go out 外出; (灯,火)熄灭 go over 越过;复习 go through with 做完;完成 go up 爬上; (价格等)上升 高手过招 单项填空 ①We’d better try to with the experiment, I think. Now let ’ s with it.(2010·河南许昌一模) A. go through; go on B. go on; go over C. go over; go through D. go on; go through ②If a person has taken too much medicine by mistake, you should make the person .(2010·平顶山一中月考) A. go up B. rise up C. throw up

D. set up Page No.23 ①解析: A。 through with sth.意思是 选 go “做 完,完成” ;go on with 意思是“继续” 。 ②解析:选 C。throw up 的意思是“呕吐; 吐出” 。 8. get sth.done 让别人做某事/使得某事被做 done 是过去分词作宾语补足语,与 have sth. done 句型的用法一样。 get sb./sth. doing 使某人/某事物??起来 get sb. to do sth.使/让某人做某事 get done (状态的改变)get 作系动词, 相当于 be get away 逃脱;离开 get back 回来;取回 get by 维持生活;通过 get down to sth./doing sth.开始认真做某事 get in 进站;到达;收集 get off 下来;下车 get on 上车;进展;进步 Page No.24

get cross(对??)生气,发脾气 get in one’s way 挡路,妨碍 get used to doing sth.习惯做某事 get involved in 涉及 get in touch with 和??取得联系 get it 了解,懂得,明白 高手过招 (1)单项填空 The final examination is coming up soon. It’s time for us to our studies. (2010·河南焦作一中月考) A. get down to B. get out C. get back for D. get over (2)完成句子(原创) ①讲解后,老师让我们思考起问题来。 Shortly after the explanation the teacher got us . Page No.25 ②我们将很快为你订制一套新衣服。 We will get a new suit for you.

③她试图使他说话。 She tried to get him . (1)解析:选 A。该题根据交际情景考查短语 动词的用法。根据题意,此处指开始认真学 习,故选 A。get down to 开始认真考虑,符 合题意。get out 出去,离开,逃脱,泄露; get back for 回来,恢复;get over 爬过;克 服,熬过;恢复,原谅。故 B、C、D 三项 均不符合题意。 (2)①thinking ②made ③to talk 9. set down 放下;记下;登记 Passengers may be set down and picked up only at the official stops.乘客只有在正式车 站方可上下车。 Page No.26 联想拓展 set about (doing sth.) 着手(做某事) set out (to do sth.)开始,着手(做某事) set aside 留出;不顾 set back(把钟等)往回拨;推迟

set free 释放;解放 set off 动身,出发(去某地) ;使爆炸 set out 动身,出发;安排,组织 set up 开办;建立;设立 set an example to 树立榜样 set fire to ...= set ... on fire 纵火烧 be set in 以??为背景 The bad weather set back the building programme by several weeks. 由于天气恶劣,建筑计划延误了好几个星 期。 We need to set about finding a solution. 我们得着手寻找一个解决办法。 Page No.27 温馨提示 set about 和 set out 都可作“开始/着手做某 事”讲,但 set about 后加 doing sth., 而 set out 后加 to do sth.。 高手过招 单项填空 As soon as he got to the office, he the students’ papers.

(2010·山东济南一中月考) A. got down to correct B. got down to correcting C. set down to correcting D. sit down to correcting 解析:选 B。get down to 意思是“着手做某 事” ,其中 to 是介词, 后跟名词或动名词。 Page No.28 10. on purpose 故意 The boy broke Jack’s window on purpose. He wanted to frighten Jack. 那男孩是故意打破杰克的窗玻璃的,他想吓 一下杰克。 联想拓展 purpose n. 目的,用途;目标;重要意义 for the purpose of 为了?? to little/no purpose 作用不大/徒劳 The purpose of the book is to provide a complete guide to the university. 这本书的目的是全面介绍这所大学。

高手过招 用 purpose 的适当形式或短语填空 (原创) ①He didn’t do it . ②What was your ? ①on purpose ②purpose Page No.29 11. join in 参加;加入 They didn’t have enough time to join in the activity. 他们没有足够的时间来参加这个活动。 联想拓展 join sb. in sth.与某人一起做某事 join up 入伍;参军 join up with sb.与某人联合;会合 join hands with sb.与某人拉起手来;合伙; 联合 Will you join me in a walk? 你愿意和我一起 散步吗? Let us join hands in friendship. 让我们携手共建友谊吧。 Page No.30

易混辨析 join in/join/take part in/attend join in 参加正在进行着的活动。如游戏、讨 论、辩论、谈话等。 join ①参加某组织或团体, 并成为其中一员; ②来和某人待在一起。 take part in 参加会议或有组织的群众性活 动,并在其中发挥一定的作用。 attend 正式用语,指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、 葬礼、上课、上学、听报告等,句子的主语 是去听去看,自己不一定起积极作用,相当 于 be present。 高手过招 用 join/join in/take part in/attend 的适当形式 填空(原创) ①I decided to the club to have dance training. ②Would you like me to the game? ③I a meeting last month. ④I will have to his funeral

next week. ①join ②join in ③took part in/attended ④ attend Page No.31 重点句型 12. ...but your friend can’t go until he/she finishes cleaning his/her bicycle. ??但是你的朋友不把自行车弄干净不能 走。 not ... until 意为 “直到??才” 表示主句谓 , 语的动作直到 until 状语的时间才发生, 主句 的谓语动词表示的是动作的开始。until 引导 从句时,如果主句中的谓语动词是延续性动 作,则主句用肯定式;如果主句中的谓语动 词是短暂性动词,则用否定形式。 “It is/was not until+被强调的部分+that ...” 相当于“Not until ... did (does, do, is ...)+主 语 ...”意为“直到??才” ,是强调形式。 You must stay in bed until your temperature is normal. 体温正常后,你才能起床。 He didn’t leave until the meeting was over.

直到会议结束他才离开。 Page No.32 It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a film star. =Not until she took off her dark glasses did I realize she was a film star. =I didn’t realize she was a famous film star until she took off her dark glasses. 直到她摘下墨镜我才认出她是一位电影明 星。 高手过招 单项填空 ① Not until , settle the problem. (2010·潍坊一轮验收) A. he returns; can we B. he returns; we can C. does he returns; we can D. does he return; we can ②It was back home after the experiment. A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go

C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go Page No.33 ①解析:选 A。当 not until 位于句首时句子 需倒装。句意为:直到他回来我们才能解决 这个问题。 ②解析:选 C。强调句型 It is/was ...that 对 not until ...进行强调时,需把 not until ...放到 强调结构中,故选 C。 13. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛狗的时候,你太大意了,一松手,狗就被 车撞了。 while walking the dog 是连词 while 加现在分 词短语结构,强调分词的动作正在发生,相 当于 while you were walking the dog。 在时间、条件、让步、方式等状语从句中, 如果从句的主语与主句的主语一致,谓语含 有系动词 be, 可以省略从句的主语和系动词 be。 When crossing the street, you should be careful.

过马路时,你应当小心。 If heated, water can be turned into vapour. 如果受热,水会变成蒸气。 Page No.34 温馨提示 在状语从句中,如果从句的主语为 it 时,也 可以将 it 和助动词 be 省略。 Whenever possible they would stop him and ask the three questions.可能的话, 他们就让他 停下问他这三个问题。 高手过招 单项填空 ① with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. (2010·山东莱州检测) A. Compares B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared ② the two systems, little man found the latter advantageous.(原创) A. Compare B.

When compared C. Compared D. When comparing Page No.35 ①解析:选 D。考查状语从句的省略用法。 在状语从句中,如果从句的主语与主句的主 语相同或者主语为 it 时,可以将从句中的主 语或者 it 和助动词 be 省略。本句是将状语 从句 “When it is compared with the size of the whole earth”中的 it is 省略,因此正确答案 为 D。 ②解析:选 D。考点省略。在状语从句中, 当从句中的主语与主句的主语一致,且从句 中含有 be 动词时,通常采用省略形式。句 中的 little man 与 compare 之间存在逻辑上的 主谓关系,故选 D。 14. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ grown ve so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的 缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都 无比狂热。

此句中的 it’s ...that 是强调句型。关于强调 句型,我们需要掌握以下几点: Page No.36 (1)强调句型的基本结构: “It is/was+被强调的成分+that/who+其他成 分” 用来强调主语、 宾语和状语等成分。that 只起连接作用,不作成分,但不能省略。当 被强调部分为 sb.作宾语时,可用 who,也可 用 that,其他情况一律用 that。强调主语时, that 后的谓语动词必须与被强调的主语在人 称与数上保持一致。 (2)特殊句式中的强调句型: ①如果强调的是特殊疑问句中的疑问词,表 示“到底”“究竟”等语气时,就用如下结 、 构: “特殊疑问词+is/was+it+that/who+该句的其 余部分” ,that/who 后只能使用陈述语序。 ②在“not ...until”结构中,由 until 所引导 的短语(或从句)作时间状语时,要用固定 的强调句型: “It+is/was+not until ...+that+该 句的其余部分” that 所引导的从句中的谓语 , 动词用肯定式。

Page No.37 (3)强调句型要注意和 it 代表时间、距离、 温度、自然现象、具体事物或人物等时所构 成的各种句型的区别。判断是否是强调句, 可采用“还原法” 。如果还原为一般句式后, 句子各种成分完整, 则是强调句, 否则不是。 It was three o’clock when I got home. 我到家的时候三点。 It was at three o’clock that I got home. 三点钟我到的家。 It was in his town that he was brought up. 他是在镇上被养大的。 (强调句) It was this town where/in which he was brought up. 这是他被抚养长大的城镇。 (定语从句) (4) 英语中常用助动词 do, does 或 did 强调 谓语。 He did go to the airport yesterday, but he didn’t find you. 他昨天确实去了机场,但他没有找到你。 Page No.38 It is I that/who am going for a holiday with

Mary. 是我跟玛丽一块儿去度假。 When is it that we will have a meeting? 我们什么时候开会? 高手过招 单项填空 It is in that poor village, Mary lived and worked 15 years ago, she will build her first school, which inspires everyone to help her.(原创) A. where; when B. that; that C. that; when D. where; that 解析:选 D。句意为:就是在那个她生活和 工作了 15 年的贫穷的村庄,玛丽将要建起 她的第一座学校,这一点鼓舞了人们来帮 她。第一空为 where 引导的非限制性定语从 句,第二空填 that,构成强调句型,强调地点 状语。 Page No.39 15. I don't want to set down a series of facts in

a diary as most people do ... 我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水 账?? as 引导的从句为比较状语从句,意为“像大 多数人那么做” 。 as 用作连词,可引导下列状语从句: ①引导时间状语从句,强调主句谓语与从句 谓语的同时性; ②引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管,虽然, 即使” (从句需倒装) ; ③引导方式状语从句,表示“以??方式” ; ④引导原因状语从句 (=since; because),意 为“由于,因为” ; ⑤引导比较状语从句。 As he grew older he lost interest in everything except gardening. 随着他年纪越来越大,他失去了对所有事物 的兴趣,除了园艺。 Cold as it is, my brother wears only a shirt. 尽管天气冷,我哥哥只穿了一件衬衫。 Page No.40 Why didn't you take the medicine as I told you

to? 为什么你没有按我说的来服这种药? As you were not there, I left a message. 因为当时你不在那,所以我给你留了便条。 She is as tall as you. 她和你一样高。 高手过招 单项填空 ① as he is, he speaks English well. (2010·山西太原一中月考) A. Little child B. A little child C. The little child D. Child little ②In some countries, are called “public schools” are not owned by the public.(2010·11·江西新余一中质量检测) A. which B. as C. what D. that Page No.41 ①解析:选 B。 在让步状语从句中,作表 语的名词如果提前,该名词常省去冠词,但 若名词前有修饰语时,就不省略冠词。

②解析:选 C。考查 what 引导的主语从句。 what 在主语从句中作主语。句意为:在许多 国家,所谓的公立学校并非公众拥有。 16. ...it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face ... ??这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜 晚?? 如果前面是“it (will be)is/this (will be)is/that (will be)is+the first/second time that ...”句式, 表示“某人第几次做某事” 。其中,that 引导 的是定语从句,后面句子的时态用现在完成 时;如果前面是 it (would be)was ..., 后面则 用过去完成时。 It is the first time that I have come to Zhuhai. 这是我第一次来珠海。 It was the second time that she had visited London. 那是她第二次游览伦敦。 Page No.42 温馨提示 如果 time 前有 last 修饰, 此时我们一般不用 完成时态。

注意: first time 可起从属连词的作用, the 引 导时间状语从句;for the first time 意为“第 一次”单独用作状语。 This is the last time that I shall give you a lesson. 这是我最后一次给你们上课了。 高手过招 (1)单项填空 ①It's the third time late this week. (原创) A. that you are B. you are C. when you arrived D. that you have been ② It was for the first time that he to the party. A. Invited B. had been invited C. has been invited D. was invited (2)翻译句子(原创) This will be the second time that I have been to the Great Wall. Page No.43

(1) ①解析: D。 is the +序数词+time+ 选 “It that 从句”为固定句型,从句谓语动词必须 用现在完成时。 ②解析:选 D。it was ...that 是强调结构,句 中强调状语“for the first time”故选 D。 (2)这将会是我第二次去长城。 Page No.44 Unit 2 English around the world 核心单词 1. command n. & vt. 命令;指令;掌握 The officer commanded his soldiers to fire. 那名军官命令士兵们开火。 A general is a man who commands a large number of soldiers. 将军是统率众多士兵的人。 常用结构: at/ by sb’s command 听某人支配 take command of 控制 in command of 指挥着 Page No.45 under one’s command 由某人的指挥

under the command of sb. 在某人的指挥下 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 command (=order) that ... 命令?? (从 句用虚拟语气, should+ do 形式, 即 should 可省略) 联想拓展 commander n. 指挥官 高手过招 用适当的介词填空(原创) ①For the first time in years, she felt she was command of her life. ②The army is the king’s direct command. ③ The police arrived and took command the situation. ①in ②under/at/by ③of Page No.46 2. request vt.&n. 请求;恳求;要求 常用结构: request sb. to do sth.请求某人做某事

request sth. from/of sb. 向某人要求某物 request that sb. (should) do sth.要求某人做 某事 make a request/requests 发出请求 at the request of sb.=at sb.’s request 依照某 人的请求 易混辨析 request/demand/require request 表示“有礼貌的请求;正式的请求” 。 demand 表示“有正当权利的要求” ,因此含 有“坚决或强烈要求”的意思。 require 表示“要求所必须的东西;法律、协 定、规章以及其他客观情况的要求” 。 但它们也有不同之处: Page No.47 ①require 和 request 都可以接宾语+to do sth. 结构,而 demand 没有此种用法。但可以说 demand of sb. to do sth. ②require+动名词时,主动形式的动名词具 有被动意义,而 demand,request 无此种用 法。 They are demanding higher wages. 他们要

求提高工资。 Do you require anything else? 你还要求(需 要)别的吗? Many people have requested this next song. 许多人要求听下面这首歌。 They required me to keep silent. 他们要求 我保持沉默。 The letter requested us to leave the house within six weeks. 这封信要求我们六周内搬出这所房子。 温馨提示 以上三个词的共同点是:从语法上看, request 和 demand,require 都可以接 that 引 导的宾语从句,并且在从句中要使用虚拟语 气。 Page No.48 高手过招 单项填空 ①One of the requirements for a fire is that the material to its burning temperature.(2010·陕西师大附中月考) A. be heated

B. is heated C. would be heated D. do heat ②—Why were you late for such an important concert? — The plane arrived at the airport after a of three hours. (2010·陕西商洛 一轮检测) A. delay B. rest C. tour D. request ①解析:选 A。如同 require, demand, order, suggest, advise, insist, request 等动词要求其 后面的宾语从句使用虚拟语气一样,它们所 对应的名词的同位语从句和表语从句也要 求使用虚拟语气,即:should+动词原形。故 选 A。 ②解析:选 A。上句询问“迟到的原因” , 因此下句中的名词应是与“迟到”意义有关 的名词,所以只能选择“延误” 。 Page No.49 3. recognize vt. 辨认出;承认;公认

常用结构: recognize sb. 认出某人 recognize one’s voice 听出某人的声音 recognize ... as ... 认定;承认??为?? recognize sb./sth. ... to be ...认为某人/某事物 是?? recognize that ...承认?? When he walked out of the station, I recognized him immediately. 当他从车站里走出来时,我立刻认出了他。 Everyone recognized him to be the lawful heir/as the lawful heir. 大家都承认他为合法 继承人。 Page No.50 高手过招 单项填空 —Oh, it’s you! I you. —I have just had my hair cut, and I’m wearing new glasses. (2010·山东淄博六中检测) A. hadn’t recognized B. haven’t recognized

C. didn’t recognize D. don’t recognize 解析:选 C。前句的句意为:哦,是你呀! 我刚才没有认出你来。 所以要用一般过去时。 4. direction n. [C] 方向;方面;[U]指导;指挥 常用结构: in the direction of 朝??的方向(=towards) in sb’s direction 朝某人的方向(=towards sb.) under one’s direction 在??指导下(=under the direction of sb.) Page No.51 Tom went off in one direction and Jack in another. 汤姆往一个方向走,杰克往另外一个方向 走。 Reforms are needed in many directions. 许 多方面都需要改革。 He is walking in the direction of the police station.

他正朝警察局的方向走去。 He glanced in her direction and their eyes met. 他朝她这个方向一看,俩人的眼睛相遇了。 The singing group is under the direction of Mr Lee. 合唱团由李先生指挥。 温馨提示 direction 意为“指示;指引;用法说明”等, 通常要用复数形式。 注意:表示邮件上的“姓名地址”时,也用 复数形式。 Follow the directions on the medicine bottle. 请按药瓶上的说明服药。 Page No.52 高手过招 (1)单项填空 Those who learn theory must develop the direction of practice. (2010·山东枣庄一 轮验收) A. to B. on C. in D. for (2)完成句子 (原创) ①I gave Mary full (地址)to

enable her to find the post office. ② He did the work (在我的指导下). (1)解析:选 C。in the direction of 为固定 搭配,意为“朝??方向” 。注意不要用介 词 to。 (2)①directions ②under my direction 重点短语 5. more than one 意为“不止一个” ,虽然在意义上表示复数, 但作主语或修饰主语时,谓语动词用单数, 与 many a(许多)用法一样;如果 more 修饰 复数可数名词再跟 than one 作主语时,其谓 语动词则要用复数。 Page No.53 More than one member has protested against the proposal. 不止一个成员反对这个建议。 More than one person has been concerned in this. 这里面涉及的不仅是一个人。 More persons than one have been involved.

涉及的不仅仅是一个人。 联想拓展 “more than+ adj.”意为“很;非常” 。 在“more ... than ...”中,肯定“more”后面 的,而否定“than”后面的,意为“是?? 而不是??”或者“与其??不如??” 。 “more than ... can/could” 是英语里的一个常 见结构,可把 more than 理解为 not,表示否 定,该结构意为“非??所能??;是?? 所不能??;不是??所能??” 。 more often than not 经常;往往 In doing scientific experiments, one must be more than careful with the instruments. 做科学实验时,对待仪器必须非常小心才 行。 Page No.54 If you tell your father what you have done, he will be more than a little angry. 如果你把所做的事情告诉你父亲,他会非常 生气的。 Catherine is more diligent than intelligent. 与其说凯瑟琳聪明,不如说她勤奋。

高手过招 完成句子(原创) ①当我的老朋友布莱恩怂恿我抽一支烟时, 我可再也熬不住了。 When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was . ②可能的解释不止一个。 There is . ①more than I could bear ②more than one possible explanation Page No.55 6. because of 因为;由于是介词短语,后跟名词、代词或 动名词及 what 从句。 She got hurt because of what you’d said. 她因为你的话而受到伤害。

due to 意为“由于”常作表语,也作后置定 语和状语。 thanks to 意为“多亏;由于”只作状语。 owing to 意为“由于”常作状语。 as a result of 意为“由于”作状语。 易混辨析 because/as/since/for because 表示直接原因, 语气最强。 回答 why 提出的问题只能用 because。在强调句型中, 也只能用 because。 as 用于解释做某事的原因,语气较弱,通常 位于主句前。 since 表示的原因是指人们已知的事实, 常意 为“既然” 。语气比 because 弱,但比 as 强。 通常位于主句前,并常与 as 换用。 for 并列连词,连接并列分句,表示一种补 充说明,是推测或判断的理由,语气较弱, 不可位于主句前。有时可表示直接原因,相 当于 because。 Page No.56 高手过招

单项填空 ①People crowded on the road and could not go forward the traffic accident some cars had made.(2010·山西太原五中检测) A. with B. since C. because of D. because ②People may have different opinions about Karen, but I admire her. ,she is a great musician. 2010· ( 陕西西安二中检测) A. After all B. As a result C. In other words D. As usual ①解析:选 C。考查表示“原因”的几个词 的用法。since 与 because 都是连词,连接句 子,with 表示原因时,前面多是形容词。如 His face was red with cold.他的脸冻得通红。 because of 为介词短语,后跟名词或动名词 短语,故选 C。 ②解析:选 A。after all 毕竟;as a result 结

果;in other words 换句话说;as usual 照例。 根据题意选择 A。 Page No.57 7. come up 走近;上来;提出 The little boy came up to the stranger and showed him how to get to the police station. 小男孩向陌生人走去,并告诉他去警察局的 路。 We won’t forget the day when we watched the sun come up on top of the Tai Mountain. 我们不会忘记一同在泰山顶看日出的那天。 It is certain that the question will come up at the meeting. 这个问题在会议上一定会被提出来的。 The snowdrops are just beginning to come up. 雪莲花刚刚开始长出地面。 I am afraid something urgent has come up. 恐怕发生了什么急事。 Page No.58 联想拓展 come true

变成现实,成为现实 come across 邂逅 come about 发 生 come at 向??扑来,攻击 come from 来 自 come out 出 版;开花;结果是 come up with 想出 come round 绕道 而来;苏醒 come down 落下, 塌下 come over (从远 处)来到;横过 come into use 开始使 用 how come ...?(表示理解)??怎么回事? when it comes to sth.当涉及某事时 How come her French is so bad if she spent 5

years in pairs? 她在巴黎待了 5 年,但她的法语怎么这么糟 糕。 When it comes to getting things done, he is useless. 一涉及到做事,他便不中用了。 Page No.59 高手过招 (1)单项填空 They aren ’ t afraid when they the difficulties in their study. (2010·河南镇 平质量检测) A. come up B. come to C. come about D. come out (2)用 come 构成的短语填空(原创) ①The hunter walked across the forest when suddenly a bear him. ②The magazine once a month.

③I wish you can to England on your holiday. ④The engineers have new ways of saving energy. ⑤They an old school friend in the street this morning. Page No.60 (1)解析:选 B。考查短语辨析。come to 此处意为“涉及,提到” ;come about 意为 “产生” ,如:How did the difference between American English and British English come about? come up 意为 “到来, 来到” come out ; 意为“出来,长出,发芽” 。 (2) ①came at ②comes out ③come over ④ come up with ⑤came across 8. such as 例如??;像这样的 易混辨析 such as/for example/that is/and so on such as 用来列举事物。 通常插在被举例的带

有解释性质的事物与前面的需要进行解释 的名词之间, “比如; 意为 诸如??之类的” , 可与 like 互换,as 后不能有逗号。 for example 同 for instance 一样起到补充说明 的作用,表明在众多的内容中仅取一两个例 子,可放在举例之前或之后,意为“例如, 举个例子” 。 Page No.61 that is 是后面列举的事物的总量等于它前 面所提到的总和,相当于 namely。也用 that is to say。 and so on 对几个事物进行列举时, 在说了其 中的几个以后, and so on 进行概括, 用 说明 还有例子,但不一一列出。 Boys like to play balls, such as football and basketball. 男孩子喜欢打球,比如足球和篮球。 Some students, Li Jun, for example, live in the country. 有些学生,如李军,住在农村。 I have three good friends, that is, John, Jack and Tom.

我有三个好朋友,即约翰、杰克和汤姆。 There are some books, pens, erasers and so on in my bag. 我的书包里有书、笔、橡皮等。 Page No.62 高手过招 单项填空 A lot of countries have gained excellent achievements in space technology, China, . (2010·安徽合肥八 中检测) A. such as B. for example C. namely D. and so on 解析:选 B。四个词中只有 for example 位 置灵活,可放在句首、句中或句末。 9. play a part (in) 扮演一个角色;参与 She plays an active part in local politics. 她积极参与地方政治活动。 She played a major part in the success of the

scheme. 她对该计划的成功起了重要作用。 Page No.63 联想拓展 take part (in sth.)参加, 参与(某事) the best part of sth. 某事物的) ( 绝大部分 (尤 指一段时间) for the most part 整体上; 通常; 多半 for my part 就我来说 高手过招 翻译句子(原创) ①有多少国家要参加(世界杯赛)? ②对我来说, 到哪儿吃饭都无所谓。 ①How many countries will be taking part (in the World Cup)? ②For my part, I don’t mind where we eat. Page No.64 重点句型 10. Which country do you think has the most English learners? 你觉得学英语最多的是哪个国家? do you

think/believe/expect/find/know/suppose 作 为 插入语,放在特殊疑问词后,其他内容紧跟 其后并用陈述语序。 What time do you expect we will come and pick you up? 你希望我们几点来接你? What do you suppose he will do after he hears about the good news? 你认为他听到那个好消息后会做什么呢? Why do you think their team could win the football match? 你认为他们队为什么能赢得那场足球赛 呢? Page No.65 高手过招 单项填空 ─ is the best football player in your city? ─Jerry. (2010·江苏盐城质量检测) A. Do you think who B. Do you think whom C. Who do you think

D. Whom do you think 解析:选 C。句中主要部分为 who is the best football player in your city。插入语为 do you think。 11. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你, (世界上)没有什么标准英语。 (1)believe it or not 在句中用作插入语,意为 “信不信由你;我说的是真的” 。 Page No.66 联想拓展 常用作插入语的还有: generally speaking 一般来说 frankly speaking 坦白地说 judging from ...从??来判断 to tell you the truth 说真的;老实说 to be honest 说实在的 to make matters worse 更糟糕的是 高手过招 单项填空 ① , boys are stronger than girls.

(2010·江苏徐州质量检测) A. To speak generally B. Generally to speak C. Generally speaking D. Generally spoken ② the hat he , the man is a soldier. (2010·浙江温州一模) A. Judging from; is wearing C. To judge by; putting B. Judging by; is having on D. Judged by; is putting Page No.67 (1) ①解析: C。 选 插入语 generally speaking 意为“一般来说”是固定搭配,指常规。 ②解析:选 A。judging from 为固定搭配, 在这里 judging 不与 the man 形成逻辑上的主 动或被动关系。 wear, have on, dress 都有 “穿, 戴”的意思,但搭配和意义不同。wear 和 have on 都可以表示“穿着”的状态,然而 have on 没有进行时态;dress 可以作及物和

不及物动词,作不及物动词的意思是“穿 衣” ,作及物动词时宾语是人。 (2)such 上述一类的;诸如此类的 联想拓展 no such...as 没有这样的?? such as 例如 such...as...像??这样的?? such...that...这样??以至于?? 易混辨析 such ... that ... /such ... as ... 在 such ... that ...结构中,that 是从属连词, 引导结果状语从句,在从句中不作成分。 Page No.68 在 such ... as ...结构中,as 是关系代词,引导 定语从句,在从句中常作宾语。 He is reading such a book as you borrowed from the library last week. 他在读的书和你 上周从图书馆借来的一样。 as 是关系代 ( 词,引导定语从句) He is reading such an interesting book that I want to borrow it. 他在读的书这么有趣,我

想借来读读。 (that 引导结果状语从句) 高手过招 单项填空 ①Exercise is as any other to lose unwanted weight. (2010·四川成都六 中检测) A. so useful a way B. as a useful way C. as useful a way D. such a useful way ②I suggest that we should take part in more such activities in future we did yesterday. (2010·江西南昌一中二模) A. which B. as C. that D. than Page No.69 (2)①解析:选 C。 as...as 结构中出现单 数可数名词时,不定冠词和名词应放在形容 词之后。so...as 只用于否定句,故不能选 A。 ②解析:选 B。当先行词被 such 修饰时,关 系代词用 as。 Page No.70

Unit 3 Travel journal 核心单词 1. persuade vt.说服;劝服;使相信(同 convince) 常用结构: persuade sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 persuade sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不要 做某事 persuade sb. that-clause 使某人相信?? Page No.71 联想拓展 talk sb. into/out of doing sth. =reason sb. into/out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事 trick sb. into/out of doing sth. 诱使某人做/不 做某事 urge sb. into/out of doing sth. 怂恿某人做/不 做某事 易混辨析

advise/persuade advise 强调“劝告,建议”的动作,不注重 结果;而 persuade 强调“已经说服” ,重在 结果。用法上:advise 可跟 v.-ing 形式作宾 语, 也可以接 that-clause(that sb. should do) , 而 persuade 则不能。 I persuaded him of its truth. 我使他相信这 是真的。 We will persuade him to take the medicine. 我们将说服他把药吃下去。 We persuaded her into taking the job. 我们说服她接受了这份工作。 Page No.72 I persuaded my father out of smoking. 我劝服父亲戒了烟。 She persuaded me that death does not end all. 她说服我相信了死并不能结束一切。 He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to. 即使她不想去上学,他 还是说服她去了。 He advised that we (should) leave early. 他建议我们早点出发。

高手过招 单项填空 ① Alice trusts you; only you can her to give up the foolish idea. (2010·安徽 合肥八中检测) A. suggest B. attract C. tempt D. persuade ②Mr Li no longer smokes now because his wife him to give up smoking last year. (2010·江苏常州检测题) A. suggested B. advised C. persuaded D. told Page No.73 ①解析:选 D。句意为:爱丽丝信任你,唯 有你能说服她放弃这种愚蠢的想法。 persuade sb. to do sth. 说 服 某 人 做 某 事;suggest 劝说、建议,后不接动词不定 式;attract 吸引;tempt 诱惑, 引诱, 均不符题 意。故选 D 项。 ②解析:选 C。考查 advise sb. to do sth.和

persuade sb. to do sth.的区别。 advise sb. to do sth. 意思是“劝某人做某事” ,强调动作, 尤其是表达“劝而不服”时多用此结构; persuade sb. to do sth.意思是“劝服某人做某 事” ,强调结果。 2. determine vt. (使)决定,决心要;确定 常用结构: determine + n. / pron.决(确)定 determine to do sth.决定做某事 (表示动作, 是非延续性动词短语) determine on/upon ...决定?? determine that/what ...决定?? Page No.74 determine sb.to do sth.使某人决定做某事 determine sb. against sth.使某人决定不做某 事 be determined to do sth.决心做某事 (表示状 态,可与表示时间段的状语连用) We determine to go to the railway station at once. 我们决定立刻去火车站。

The court determined that the man was guilty of assault. 法庭裁定那个人犯了侵犯人身罪。 That determined her against leaving home. 那件事使她决定不离开家了。 联想拓展 determined adj. 坚决的,有决心的 determination n. 决心 I was determined to make it as a jazz musician. 我决定要成为一名爵士乐音乐家。 Page No.75 温馨提示 be determined to do 与 determine to do 意思 基本一致,但前者表示状态,可与某段时间 状语连用;后者表示动作,是非延续性的动 词短语。类似的短语还有:prepare for/be prepared for,worry about/be worried about。 这类结构常考查分词作状语的用法。 高手过招 单项填空 He left school early and as an adolescent,

to make his fortune in America. (2010·江 苏城头中学一轮检测) A. is determined B. had be determined C. determined D. determining 解析:选 C。考查 determine 的用法。根据 句意应使用 be determined to 结构,此处 determined 为形容词作伴随状语。 Page No.76 3. insist v. 坚持;坚决要求 You can come back later, if you insist. 如果你一定要坚持,就稍后再来吧。 常用结构: insist on/upon sth./(sb’s) doing sth. 坚持某事/要求(某人)做某事 insist that ....(should)坚持?? I still insist on my viewpoint. 我仍然坚持我 的观点。 He insisted on paying for the meal. 他坚持 要付饭钱。

Mother insisted on our washing the clothes by ourselves. 妈妈坚决要求我们自己洗衣服。 温馨提示 insist 当“坚决要求”解时,后面的从句应用 虚拟语气, 即谓语部分用 “should+动词原形” 或直接用动词原形; 如果 insist 当 “坚持 (认 为;说) ”解时,后面的从句不用虚拟语气。 Page No.77 高手过招 单项填空 ①The man insisted a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. (原创) A. find B. to find C. on finding D. in finding ②I advised that he to the hospital at once, but he insisted that he quite well then.(2010·山东寿光一中一轮检 测)

A. be sent; was feeling B. was sent; felt C. be sent; feel D. should be sent; should feel ①解析:选 C。insist on doing sth.是习惯搭 配,意为“坚持做某事” 。 ②解析:选 A。advise 引导宾语从句,从句 中的谓语动词不管什么人称都应用 should do; should 也可以省去,只用动词原形表述 事实。insist 在此处意为“坚持认为” 。故选 A。 Page No.78 4. once 用法较多,意思也比较丰富,既可以用作连 词,也可以用作副词。 once 用作连词时,意为“一旦??就??” , 连接时间状语从句,相当于 as soon as。 once 用作副词时, “曾经; 意为 一度; 从前” 。 它是一个不确定的时间副词,其位置一般是 在行为动词之前,系动词之后。 once 用作副词,也可意为“一次” 。 Once you start, you will never give up.

一旦开始了,你就不要放弃。 Physics is easy to learn once you understand the rules. 一旦你理解了规则,物理就不难学了。 Once he lived in America, but now he lives in England. 他曾经居住在美国,但现在他生活在英国。 His song was once very popular among the young people. 他的歌曾经在年轻人中很流行。 Page No.79 The old professor comes to see us once a week. 那个老教授一周来看我们一次。 Tell us the story once more.把那个故事再给 我们讲一遍。 联想拓展 at once 立刻;马上 once again 再一次;又一次(相当于 once more) all at once 突然(相当于 suddenly) once upon a time 很早以前;从前

once in a while 偶尔;间或 once/as soon as once 偏重于条件, as soon as 偏重于时间。 而 Once you see the film, you’d never forget it(不宜用 as soon as). 你一旦看了这部电影,你就永远不会忘记 它。 As soon as he got off the plane, we wanted to say hello to him(不宜用 once). 他一下飞机,我们就想向他打招呼。 Page No.80 高手过招 单项填空 ① environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem (生态系统) to recover. (原创) A. Even if B. If only C. While D. Once ② you understand this rule, you’ll have no further difficulty. (2010·山 东烟台质量检测) A. Once B. Unless C. As D. Until

①解析: D。 选 句子为 once 引导的时间状语 从句,意为“一旦;一??就??” 。句意 为:一旦环境遭到损害,就需要许多年才能 使生态系统恢复。 even if 引导让步状语从句, 意为“尽管” 。if only 意为“要是??就好 了” ,引导从句的谓语动词常用虚拟语气。 while 意为“当??的时候” ,引导从句的谓 语动词必须是延续性动词。故选 D。 ②解析: A。 选 考查由 once 引导的时间状语 从句,意为“一旦” 。句意为:一旦明白了 这条规则,就再也没有困难了。 Page No.81 5. view n. 风景;视野;观点;见解 vt. 观看;注视;考虑 The house has a view over the sea. 这座房子面向大海,视野开阔。 What is your view on school punishments? 你对学校的处罚有什么看法? The plan was viewed favorably.这项计划是受 到称赞的。 联想拓展

in one’s view 在某人看来 come into view 进入视野,看得见 in full view (of sb./sth.) 完全看得见 in view of sth. 鉴于,考虑到,由于 with a view to sth./to doing sth.为了,指望 Several possible buyers have come to view the house. 几个可能是买主的人来看过房子。 Page No.82 高手过招 单项填空 On the top of this mountain, you can get a wonderful of the nearby hills. (2010·山西太原五中检测) sight B. view C. distance D. look 解析:选 B。get a view of 为固定搭配,意为 “看到??的景象” 。 重点短语 6. care about 关心;担心;在乎;喜欢 I really care about my work. 我真的关心我的

工作。 联想拓展 care for 喜爱;照顾;重视 take care 当心 take care of 照料; 关怀; 处理 under the care of 由??管理, 在??的照料下, 在??的保 护下 Page No.83 with care 小心, 慎重 She doesn’t care for that colour.她不喜欢那 种颜色。 He spent years caring for his sick mother. 他数年里一直在照顾生病的母亲。 I do care for what my teacher says. 我的确尊重老师说的话。 高手过招 (1)单项填空 That old man is so greedy(贪婪的) that he nothing but money, not even his relatives. (原创) A. look about B. search

for C. cares about D. takes care of (2)完成句子 (原创) ①他一点也不关心别人,只想着自己。 He doesn’t care other people at all; he is always thinking of himself. ②爱因斯坦对金钱不感兴趣,对薪水也不计 较。 Einstein who cared little money never cared his salary. Page No.84 (1)解析:选 C。考查短语辨析。look about 到处看;search for 寻找,相当于 look for; care about 关心;在乎;take care of 照料。 (2)①about②for; about 7. change one’s mind 改变主意 Maybe you’ll change your mind after thinking it over. 也许你仔细考虑之后会改变主意。 联想拓展

make up one’s mind (to do) 下定决心(做某 事) have a/no mind to do 有/无意做?? lose one’s mind 失去理智 read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 be of the same mind 意见一致 be in/of two minds 拿不定主意 give one’s mind to 注意?? keep one’s mind on 专心于?? Page No.85 take one’s mind off sth. 转移某人的注意 bear/keep sth. in mind 记住某事 bring/call sth. to mind 回忆某事 put one’s mind to sth. 全神贯注于某事 I have made up my mind to leave, and nothing you say will change it. 我已经下定决心要离开,不管你说什么我都 不会改变主意了。 ①I’ve made up my mind to be a doctor. ②Nothing will make me change my mind. Page No.86

8. give in 屈服,让步,投降;上交 联想拓展 give in (to sb./sth.) 向??让步 give up sth./doing 放弃(做)某事 give away 赠送;泄露 give back 归还;恢复 give off 放出,散发(光、热、烟、气味 等) give out 分配;分发;发布; (食物,燃料, 电力等)被用光;筋疲力尽 Seeing that he could not persuade me, he had to give in (to my view). 由于无法说服我,他 不得不让步。 Our food supply at last gives out. 我们的食物终于用完了。 His strength gave out. 他已筋疲力尽。 Page No.87 高手过招 单项填空 It is always the husband who

first when a quarrel breaks out between the young couple. (2010·山东聊城检测) A. give away B. gives out C. gives in D. gives off 解析:选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意为: 当年轻夫妻之间发生争吵时,最先让步的总 是丈夫。give away 赠送,泄露,出卖;give out 分发,用完,消耗尽;give in 投降,屈 服,让步;give off 放出,散发出。 重点句型 9. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train? 汽车和火车,你更喜欢使用哪种交通方式? prefer to do (rather than do) 意为“宁可;宁 愿(表选择) ”或者“更喜欢做某事” 其 。 本身带有 like better 的含义,所以不能再与 表示程度的 better 或 more 连用。 Page No.88 联想拓展 prefer sth. 喜欢某事/物 prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事 prefer+to do sth. (表示特定场合下)更喜欢

做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 prefer A to B/prefer doing A to doing B 宁愿??而不愿?? prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做 A 而不愿做 B prefer + that-clause ( 虚 拟 语 气 )+(should) +do 喜欢做某事 Do you prefer cooking for yourself or eating in a restaurant? 你是喜欢自己做饭还是下馆子? Their father prefers them to be home early. 他们的父亲宁愿他们早点回家。 I prefer writing a term paper to taking an examination. 我宁愿写一篇学术论文也不愿参加考试。 Page No.89 He preferred to die rather than become a traitor. 他宁死也不做叛徒。 Would you prefer that I(should)come on

Monday instead of on Tuesday? 你宁愿让我 星期一来而不是星期二来吗? 高手过招 单项填空 My sister singing dancing while I dance sing. (原创) A. prefers; to; would rather; than B. would rather; than; prefer; to C. prefers; rather than; would rather; to D. would rather; to; prefer; to 解析:选 A。考查固定搭配。prefer 的搭配 是 prefer to do rather than do 或 prefer doing to doing; would rather 的搭配是 would rather do than do 或 would do rather than do, 因此 A 项 正确。 Page No.90 10. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且 天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经 历。

“...the air would be hard to breathe ...” “主 是 语+系动词+形容词+不定式”结构,其中不 定式的谓语与主语在意义上是动宾关系,但 要用主动形式表示被动意义,不定式后面如 果是不及物动词要在其后加适当的介词与 主语构成动宾关系。这一类的形容词通常可 以描绘主语的情绪、态度、品质属性或者难 易 程 度 , 如 hard, difficult, easy, nice, interesting, important, pleasant 和 comfortable 等。 Your writing is impossible to read. 你写的字 太难辨认了。 Do you think the water is safe to drink? 你认为这水喝起来安全吗? The chair looks rather hard, but it is very comfortable to sit on. 这把椅子看上去很硬, 但坐起来很舒服。 Page No.91 高手过招 完成句子 (原创) ①有时候她很不容易理解。 She was difficult

at times. ②他是唯一一个被授予这种荣誉的外国人。 He was the only foreigner such an honour. ①to understand ②to be given 11. A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is. 有决心的人总是努力完成工作,不管它有多 么难。 no matter how ...引导让步状语从句, “无 意为 论多么??” ,how 后跟形容词或副词,相 当于“however + adj./adv.”句式。 联想拓展 no matter 意为“无论;不管”时,引导让步 状语从句,常用于下列句型中:no matter what (who/when etc. )... 分别表示“无论何 事”“无论何人”“无论何时”等,这个从 、 、 句可以置于主句之前,也可以置于主句之 后。no matter 后接关系代词或关系副词引导 的状语从句在句中作让步状语。 Page No.92 注意: whatever, however, whoever etc.可引导

状语从句,也可引导名词性从句。 No matter what happened, he would not mind. =Whatever happened, he would not mind. 不管发生什么,他都不在意。 (错)Prisoners have to eat no matter what they’re given. (对)Prisoners have to eat whatever they’re given. 囚犯们只能给什么吃什么。 No matter how hard he works, he can not get a promotion. 不管他工作多努力, 他就是得不到提升。 No matter what you do, you must be very careful. 不管做什么事,你都必须非常细心。 No matter who you are (=Whoever you are), I’ll never let you in.无论你是谁,我绝不让 你进去。 No matter which you choose(=Whichever you choose), you will be satisfied. 不论你选择哪 一个,你都会满意的。 No matter where I go (=Wherever I go), I will

be thinking of you. 无论我去哪里,我都会 想着你。 Page No.93 高手过招 单项填空 ① the problem may be, we must solve it ourselves.(2010·山东威海一 轮验收) A. Whatever difficult B. How difficult C. However difficult D. No matter what difficult ②It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. (2010· 山 东枣庄检测) A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever ①解析:选 C。句意为:不管问题有多难, 我们都要独立解决。 difficult 为形容词,因 此用 how 修饰,表示程度。however 在这里

没有转折的意思,相当于 no matter how,因 此答案为 C。 ②解析:选 B。考查从属关联词的用法。 whatever 等于 anything that 或 everything that,引导宾语从句。whatever 一方面起引 导词的作用,同时作从句中 wants 的宾语。 Page No.94 Unit 4 Earthquakes 核心单词 1. burst vt. & vi. (burst, bursting)爆炸;胀裂;突然而 起;闯入; 充满;满盈;n. 突然破裂;爆发 联想拓展 burst out 迸发;突然发作;突然??起来 burst open 推开;忽然打开; 裂开 burst through 冲开;冲破;拨开 burst in upon 打断(谈话等);突然出现; 突 然到达 burst in/ into 闯入; 突然出现; 突然??起 来; 突然发作 Page No.95

另外,burst into 后接名词时可表示不同的意 义: burst into laughter 突然大笑起来 burst into tears 突然大哭起来 burst into cheers 突然欢呼起来 burst out 后接动名词也表示同样的意思 burst out laughing/crying 突然大笑/哭起来 高手过招 单项填空 Every time he thought of his past, he couldn’t help bursting . (2010·济南一模) A. when; out tears B. that; into crying C. which; into tears D. /; out crying 解析: D。 选 burst out 后接 v.-ing 形式, every time 相当于连词, 引导状语从句。故选 D。 Page No.96 2. event n. 事件;大事;比赛项目

The new book was the cultural event of the year. 这本新书的出版是今年文化界的大事。 Coming events cast their shadows before. 未来之事先有征兆。 The next event will be the 100-metre race. 下一个比赛项目是 100 米赛跑。 常用结构: at all events 无论怎样 in any event 无论如何 in the event of 万一;倘若 In the event of rain, the game will be postponed. 要是下雨,球赛就延期。 Page No.97 易混辨析 occurrence/event/incident/accident occurrence 系常用词, 指 “任何发生的事件” 。 event 指“有重要意义的历史事件、重大事 件” 。 incident 指“事件”, 尤指“比较不重要的小 事件” 。

accident 指“意外事故” 。 高手过招 单项填空 ① The National Day and the International Labour Day are great in our country.(2010·河南 镇平二轮) A. things B. incidents C. accidents D. events ②How many are going to be held in this Summer Olympic Games?(2010·江苏启东一轮) A. accidents B. incidents C. events D. sports Page No.98 ①解析:选 D。考查词义辨析。things 是普 通用词, “情况; 指 状况” incident 意为 ; “事 情;发生的事(常指小事);accident 意为 ” “事故” ,强调未预料到的事情;event 的意 为“事件” ,多指大事件。 ②解析:选 C。考查词义辨析。accident 意

为 “事故” 指没有料到的恶性事件。 , incident 指“事件” ,多指不是很重要的事情。event 多指“政治性的事件” ,尤指大事。event 也 可以指(体育运动中的)比赛项目。 3. rescue n.&vt. 援救,营救 常用结构: rescue sb./ sth. from sb./ sp. 把??从?? 营救出来 come to/ go to sb’ rescue = rescue sb. 援救 s 某人 a rescue team 救援队 a rescue mission 救援任务 rescue workers 救援人员 Page No.99 The police came to his rescue and pulled him out of the river. 警察来救他,把他从河里拉了出来。 The rescue team made countless rescues during the earthquake. 营救队在这次地震期间进行了无数次救援。 Michael rescued a boy from drowning.

迈克尔把溺水的男孩救了起来。 高手过招 用 rescue 的适当形式填空(原创) ①The mother, along with her two children, from the sinking boat by a passing ship. ②The firemen five children from the burning house yesterday. ①has been rescued ②rescued Page No.100 4. judge n. 法官;鉴赏家;裁判 vt.判断;估计 His father used to be a judge. 他的父亲过去 是一名法官。 She’s a good judge of wine. 她是鉴别酒的 专家。 The blind can’t judge colours. 盲人无法判 断颜色。 Don’t judge a man by his looks. 不要以貌 取人。 联想拓展 judgment n.判断,辨别力

judge sb./ sth. by/from 通过??判断?? as far as I judge 我认为 judging from...从??来看, 根据??判断 Judging from what he said, he must be an honest man. 从他所说的话来看,他是个诚实的人。 Page No.101 高手过招 (1)单项填空 the hat he , the old man is a farmer.(2010·山东日照检测) A. Judging from; is wearing B. Judging by; is having on C. To judge by; putting D. Judged by; is putting (2)用 judge 的适当形式填空(原创) ① from his appearance, he must be a rich man. ②In her , he must be from the south. (1)解析:选 A。judging from 为固定搭配, 此处 judging 不与 the old man 形成逻辑主动

或被动关系。wear, have on, dress 都有“穿, 戴”的意思,但搭配和意义不同。wear 和 have on 都可以表示“穿着”的状态,然而 have on 没有进行时态;dress 可以作及物和 不及物动词,作不及物动词时意为“穿衣” , 作及物动词时宾语是人。 (2)①Judging ②judgment Page No.102 5. ruin vt. 毁坏;毁灭。既可指实际的东西,也可 指抽象的东西。 n.[U]毁坏;毁灭 [C] (常用作复数)废 墟 联想拓展 in ruins 严重损坏;破败不堪;落空 bring come to ruin 使某人失败;使倾家荡产 bring ruin upon oneself 自取灭亡 fall/go to ruin 毁灭, 灭亡; 崩溃; 破坏掉 ruin oneself 毁掉自己 易混辨析 destroy/ruin/damage/harm

destroy 表示在肉体上、精神上或道义上的 彻底摧毁,使之无法恢复,也可以表示对某 物体进行完全的毁坏。 ruin 一般指对物体或生命彻底的破坏,但往 往是非暴力的,也往往不是一次性打击的结 果,常指对美好的或希望中的事物的破坏。 Page No.103 damage 一般指对物体或生命的局部损伤, 使整体的价值或作用降低或变得无价值、无 作用。这种损伤可以是暴力的或一次性破坏 的结果,也可以指非暴力的长期损害的结 果。 harm 一般指伤害有生命的东西,常指伤及 人的健康、权利、事业等。 What he faced ruined his hope. 他所面对的使他的希望破灭了。 The whole city was destroyed in the earthquake. 整个城市在地震中被毁掉了。 Laziness will ruin one’s prospects. 懒惰会使 人自毁前程。 We wanted to have a look at the ruins of

Pompeii. 我们想看一下庞贝城的废墟。 They managed to repair the houses that had been damaged. 他们设法修复了受到破坏的房子。 Page No.104 高手过招 单项填空 ①I was by that law case. I’m a man. (2010·11·西安月考) A. ruined; ruined B. ruined; destroying C. damaged; destroyed D. destroyed; damaging ②Many old temples ruins are now being rebuilt. (原创) A. on B. by C. with D. in ①解析:选 A。句意为:我被那场官司搞得 倾家荡产,不名一文。ruin 常用于借喻中, 指损坏到了不能再使用的程度; damage 不能 指人,只指物;destroy 指完全彻底地破坏,

含有无法修复之意,也可用于借喻。第二个 空应用过去分词作定语,表被动和完成之 意。 ②解析: D。 ruins 为固定搭配, “处 选 in 意为 于颓废状态” 。 Page No.105 6. bury vt.埋葬;掩埋;使沉浸于 联想拓展 be buried alive 被活埋 be buried under 为??所压倒;沉浸于,忙于 bury (oneself) in 埋头于; 专心于; 退居于(乡 间等) =be buried in bury one’s head in the sand 自欺欺人,逃避现实(来自鸵鸟的习性) The house was half buried under snow. 房子一半被埋在雪中。 If you continue to bury your head in the sand and refuse to recognize the fact that some of your classmates are catching up with you, it won’t be long before you find yourself left

behind. 如果你再拒绝承认你的一些同班同学已经 赶上来了这一事实,那么不用多久,你就会 发现自己落后了。 Page No.106 高手过招 选词填空(burying/buried) (原创) I have a sigh, my head in my hands. buried 重点短语 7. right away 立刻,马上 I’ll return the book to you right away. 我会 马上还书给你。 If war breaks out, we shall be called up right away. 如果战争爆发,我们将立即被征召服役。 联想拓展 right now=at once=immediately=in no time 立 刻,马上 Page No.107

(1)解析:选 D。考查短语辨析。in no time 意为“片刻之后” ,而 in a flash 意为“片刻之间” 。 (2)I want it typed right away, please. Page No.108 8. think of 认为;考虑 联想拓展 think poorly of 不放在眼里;轻视 think twice 再三考虑 think little/nothing of 轻视;忽略 think much/highly of 重视;看重,评价高 What do you think of ...?认为??怎么样? think about 考虑;回想;想起 think of 考虑;记忆,记起 think sth. over 仔细想;谨慎思考;作进一步 考虑 think sth. out 认真考虑;仔细盘算 think sth. up 想出,发明 Page No.109 The government thinks highly of his invention because it will benefit the whole country.

政府非常重视他的发明,因为它将有益于全 国人民。 The foolish boss thought little of my suggestions on that project. 那个愚蠢的老板根本就不重视我对那项工 程的建议。 He is thinking about travelling in the summer holidays. 他正在考虑暑假旅游的事。 I can’t think of his name at the moment. 我一时想不起他的名字。 Please think over what I said. 请仔细考虑我 说的话。 He thought out a new idea. 他盘算出了一个 新主意。 高手过招 单项填空 ①How did you think such a clever way out of difficulty? (原创) A. over B. about C. up D. on ②Can you a way of solving

the problem? (原创) A. discover B. invent up C. think up D. invent Page No.110 ①解析:选 C。句意为:你怎样想出如此明 智的办法摆脱困境?其他选项与 think 搭配 无“想出”之意。 ②解析:选 C。think up 在这里相当于 think of,意为“考虑,思考” 。 9. at an end 结束,终结(= finish) 联想拓展 end n.&v. 结事,终结 与 end 搭配的常用短语 at the end of 在??末尾 by the end of 到??末为止 in the end 最后,终于 at a loose end 无所事事;处于杂乱状态 make ends meet 收支相抵 The war was finally at an end.战争终于结束 了。 Page No.111

①by the end of ②in the end ③at the end of 10. instead of 代替,而不是 The Chinese use chopsticks instead of knives and forks. 中国人不用刀叉,用筷子。 Instead of working, Jack was idling away his time. 杰克不去工作,虚度着光阴。 She decided to leave here on Sunday instead of Monday. 她决定星期日而不是星期一离开这里。 Page No.112 易混辨析 instead/instead of/in place of/take the place of instead 是副词, 单独使用, 用于句首或句末 作状语,意为“而是,相反” 。 instead of 是复合介词,后接名词、代词、 或动名词,意为“代替、而不??” 。 in place of 为介词短语,也是“代替、而不” 的意思,表示“以甲代乙” ,而 instead of 则

是“用甲不用乙” ,除“代替”外,还有对 乙否定的意思,有时意为“不” 。 take the place of (replace)作谓语,用在名词、 代词前。 高手过招 单项填空 ①—I think we should buy a new curtain this one. — Yes. It looks a bit ugly .(2010· 江西赣州一轮) A. to replace; as it is B. to in place of; now C. to take the place of; as it was D. instead of; than that one Page No.113 ②We will go there on foot by bus. What about you? (2010·11·福建福州 月考) A. instead B. instead of C. without D. but ①解析:选 A。to replace 为不定式作目的状 语。as it is 意为“现在的样子” 。

②解析:选 B。 instead of 意为“用一种形 式代替另一种形式” 。C 项有一定干扰性, without 意为“在没有??的情况下” ,因此 不合题意。 11. the number of 意为“??的数量、数目” ,作主语时谓语 动词用单数; number of 意为 a “一些, 很多” , 相当于 many, 后接可数名词复数,当它作 主语时,谓语动词用复数。 The number of competitors is limit. 参赛者的数量是有限的。 A number of problems have arisen. 已经出现 了一些问题。 Page No.114 a large /great/good number of;a great/good many;a good few/quite a few+可数名词复数, 意为“大量的” ; a great/good deal; a great/ large amount of; quite a little+ 不可数名词,意为“大量的” ; a lot of/lots of; a great /large quantity of; large quantities of/ plenty of +可数名词复数/不可 数名词均可,意为“大量的” 但是 a 。

great/large quantity of ..., large quantities of ... 作主语时谓语动词与 quantity 形式一致。 高手过招 单项填空 During the past two years, the number of automobile accidents in New York City decreased.(2010·11·山东烟台月考) A. have B. has C. was D. were 解析:选 B。the number of+复数名词,其 主语是 number,故谓语动词用单数,意为 “??的数量” 。 Page No.115 重点句型 12. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 农家大院里的鸡,甚至猪都紧张得不吃食。 “too + adj./adv.+动词不定式”结构简称为 “too ... to” 结构, 在大多数情况下表示否定 意义,通常可意为“太??而不能?? ;

太??无法??” 。 “too ...to”结构表示否定的常见句型有: too +adj./adv. + to do, 有时 too 后也可跟一个 起形容词作用的过去分词。 too ... to/to be done 形式。这是“too ...to”结 构中不定式为被动式时的变体,如果主语是 不定式动作的承受者,不定式既可以用主动 式,也可以用被动式,此时用主动式虽然在 形式上是主动的,但在意义上却是被动的。 too + adj. + a (an) + n.+ to + v./to be done 形 式。这个句型在 too+ adj.后再接一个带不定 冠词的名词,不定冠词一定要放置于形容词 后。与此同时,只有当 too 后形容词修饰一 个可数名词时,才可以在形容词与名词间加 不定冠词“a/an” 。当句子主语能发出该不定 式的动作时,可以用 to + v.的主动式,当主 语是该不定式动作的承受者时,则用 to be + v.-ed 的被动式。 Page No.116 温馨提示 并不是所有“too ...to”结构的句子都表示否 定意义,在下列情况下, “too ...to”结构可

以表示肯定意义: “too ...to” 结构之前带有 but, only, all, never, not 时,是强调肯定的表示法,意为“非 常??, 十分??, 实在??, 真是太??” 等。 “too ...to”结构中带有表示某种心情或描绘 性的形容词或副词, ready, 如 eager, satisfied, kind, willing, easy, anxious 等加动词不定式 结合成一个不可分割的状态、态度、倾向或 心情等,并且其后的不定式不是说明 too 的 具体内容,而是修饰形容词,故不定式不再 表示结果。 在“too ...to”结构中,不定式为否定式时, 是构成的双重否定,其意为“非常/很/太/那 么??不会不/必定能/所以能??” ,也不表 示否定意义。 Page No.117 I,m too tired to think of anything now. 我太累了,什么也不能想了。 The tea is too hot to drink/to be drunk. 茶太 热,不能喝。 The shoes are too badly broken to be mended.

这些鞋子破烂得不能修补。 He,s too experienced an artist to mind what the critics say. ( = As an artist he , s too experienced to mind what the critics say.) 他是个经验非常丰富的艺术家,不会介意批 评家说些什么。 He is too experienced an artist to be worried by what the critics say. 他是一个经验非常丰富的艺术家,不至于为 批评家们的议论而担忧。 I am but too glad to do so. 我非常喜欢这样 做。 He was too anxious to do this job. 他非常想 做这件工作。 The girl is too careful not to do it well. 这姑娘很细心,完全能做好那件事。 Page No.118 高手过招 单项填空 —He seems tired to do it. —But I am only glad to do it.(2010·江苏常州一轮)

A. very; too B. extremely; too too; too D. very; very 解析:选 C。第一空为 too ...to 太??而不 能??,第二空前有 only 所以 too ...to 强调 肯定,意为“非常、十分” 。 13. It seemed as if the world was at an end! 仿佛到了世界末日! 联想拓展 as if=as though 意为“仿佛,像,似乎” 。通 常用在 be,look,seem,sound,taste,smell 及 feel 等连系动词的后面。如果表示真实情 况应该用陈述语气;如果表示非真实情况则 应该用虚拟语气, 其谓语动词的虚拟式与 wish 后面宾语从句中谓语动词的虚拟式相 同。引导方式状语从句时也要用虚拟语气。 Page No.119 注意:as if (though)后面除了跟句子外,还 可以跟名词、动词不定式、形容词(短语)、 介词短语和分词。 另外,as if (though)还可以表达感叹语气, 来对某项建议、假设和推测表示不赞成、惊 讶、不满和厌恶等。

How wild his white hair looked as if it had been electrified! 他的白发十分凌乱,好像触 了电似的。(虚拟语气) She seems as if she is going to cry. 她似乎要 哭了。 (陈述事实) As if anyone would believe that story! 好像有人竟会相信那样的事! As if we were all stupid and he alone clever! 哼,就仿佛我们都是傻瓜,只有他一个人聪 明似的。 He raised his hand as if to take off his hat. 他举起他的手,好像要取下帽子。 He behaved as if nothing had happened. 他表现的好像什么也没发生。 Page No.120 高手过招 (1)单项填空 —Will you go to the exhibition tomorrow? — Yes, I will go it , s windy.(2010·11·山东滨州月考) A. as if B. even though

C. as soon as D. as though (2)翻译句子(原创) ①你像是见了鬼似的。 ②这个男孩向四周察看,像在寻找什么东 西。 (1)解析:选 B。even though 相当于 even if, 引导让步状语从句,意为“即使” as if ; (though)引导方式状语从句;as soon as 引 导时间状语从句。 (2)①You looked as if you had seen a ghost. ②The boy looked about as if in search of something. Page No.121 14. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 all, both, each, every, everyone, everything, always, whole, wholly, entirely, altogether 等 具有总括意义的词后跟否定词 not 连用时, 一般都表示部分否定,其中 all, both, each, every 无论在 not 之前还是之后, 都表示部分 否定。 但如果句子中出现下列单词或短语则该句

为 全 部 否 定 : none of+n./pron.; neither+n./pron.; no+n.; nothing ;nobody ; neither;never;nowhere;neither ... nor 等。 All that glitters is not gold. 发光的不一定都 是金子。 Not all body languages mean the same thing in different countries. 并非所有的肢体语言在不同的国家里都有 相同的意思。 Each machine here is not produced in our plant. 这里的机器不全是我们厂生产的。 Page No.122 高手过招 单项填空 We couldn’t eat in a restaurant because of us had money on us. (原创) A. all; no B. any; no C. none; any D. no one; any

解析:选 C。考查全部否定。句意为:因 为我们大家身上都没带钱,所以不能在饭店 里吃饭。故选 C 项。 Page No.123 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero 核心单词 1. quality n. [U,C]质,质量,品质;特性(既可用 于描述物品,也用于描述人物) [C]性质;特性;特点 Modesty is one of his good qualities. 谦虚是他的美德之一。 One quality of wood is that it can burn. 木料的一个特点是能燃烧。 Page No.124 常用结构: high quality 优质 poor quality 劣质 average quality 一般的品质 Wine of high quality costs more than that of poor quality. 优质的葡萄酒比劣质的葡萄酒价格要高。

易混辨析 quality/quantity quality 质,质量 quantity 数量;大量 For study, quality often matters more than quantity. 就学习而言,质量往往比数量更重要。 Quantities of food were on the table. 桌上摆 了大量食物。 There is a small quantity of water left in the bottle. 瓶子里还剩下少量的水。 Page No.125 高手过招 完成句子(原创) ①他仔细检查家具的品质。 He examined carefully. ②他具备了一个成功商人应具有的所有品 质。 He has of a successful businessman.

①the quality of the furniture ②all the qualities Page No.126 2. devote vt.献身;专心于 常用结构: devote oneself/one’s energy/one’s time to (doing) sth. 奉献/精力/时间于某事 sb. be devoted to (doing) sth. 某人献身做某 事 He devoted all his life to China’s aviation. 他的一生都奉献给了中国的航空事业。 He’s devoted his whole life to the protection of the rare animals. 他终生献身于保护珍稀 动物。 He is devoted to helping the poor. 他致力于 帮助穷困的 Page No.127 联想拓展 类似于 devote ... to ... 的结构中 to 为介词的 词组还有:

object to 反对 attend to 办理;照顾;注意 听 look forward to 期待;盼望 be opposed to 反 对 devote ... to 贡献给??stick to 坚持 lead to 导致 pay attention to 注意到 be related to 与??有关 see to 务必做到; 负责?? refer to 提到; 指的是 turn to 翻到; 求助于 高手过招 单项填空 The idea for the new machine came to Mr Baker to his invention. (2010·陕 西师大附中月考) A. while he was devoted B. while devoting C. while devoting himself D. while devoted 解析:选 A。考查 be devoted to 这一结构。 注意不要误选 D 项, 因为主句的主语 the idea 与从句的主语 Mr Baker/he 不一致,因此从 句中的主语和谓语动词 he was 不能省略。

Page No.128 3. equal adj.相同的;平等的 vt.等于,比得上 n.同等/相等的人或物 He asked us to cut the apple into three equal pieces. 他让我们把苹果切成三等份。 None of us can equal her in intelligence. 我们中没人能在智力方面比得上她。 常用结构: be equal to sth./doing sth.胜任某事/ 做某事 A equals BA 等于 B without equal/have no equal 无与伦比/无比 Are you equal to (doing) the task?你能胜任这 项工作吗? Yao Ming is a basketball player without equal in China. 在中国,姚明是个无与伦比的篮球运动员。 Page No.129 高手过招 单项填空

He doubted whether she would be to the task. (原创) equal B. similar C. familiar D. content 解析:选 A。be equal to sth. 胜任,符合句 意。content 意为“满意的,满足的”不符句 意,其他选项也均与句意不符。 4. reward n.报答;酬金(为某些特殊服务提供或给予 的金钱) vt.酬谢,奖赏;报应;惩罚(坏人或坏事) 常用结构: as a reward (for) 作为(对某事的)报酬(或 奖赏) give/ offer a reward to sb. for sth. 为某事而 给某人报酬 in reward for 为酬答??;作为奖励?? reward sb.(with ...)for sth. 为 某 事 ( 而 以??)报答?? Page No.130 易混辨析

reward/award/prize reward 表示“奖赏,酬谢” ,动词只能以人 或人的行为作宾语,名词表示某人因做了某 事而应得到某东西。 award 作名词指正式或官方 “给予,颁发, 授予” (奖章, 奖金等) 也可以指法庭裁决; , 作动词时可以跟两个宾语,award sb. sth.把 某物授予/判给某人。 prize 只能作名词, “奖赏、 表示 奖金、 奖品” , 尤指在比赛中获得的荣誉。 It’s a reward for virtue.那是对美德的回报。 It is unfair that he gets very little in reward for his hard work. 他工作很辛苦,报酬却很少, 这不公平。 How can I reward your kindness? 我如何酬谢你的好意呢? Jim rewarded the boy a pound for bringing back the lost dog. 男孩把吉姆丢失的狗带了回来,为此吉姆奖 赏给他一英镑。 Page No.131 高手过招

单项填空 ①Martin Luther King, a great Black leader in the movement against racial discrimination, was the Nobel Prize for peace for his outstanding contribution to world peace. (2010·11·河南洛阳月考) A. rewarded B. given C. awarded D. offered ②They the winners with gifts of fruit and flowers. (原创) A. rewarded B. awarded C. charged D. paid ③The girl got nothing in for her kindness, which made her very sad. A. prize B. award C. medals D. reward Page No.132 ①解析:选 C。句意为:反对种族歧视运动 的杰出黑人领袖马丁·路德·金,因其对世 界和平的突出贡献而被授予诺贝尔和平奖。 award 指正式或官方的“授予,颁发” 。 ②解析:选 A。考查固定搭配。句意为:他

们送给获胜者水果和鲜花作为奖赏。reward sb. with ...用??酬劳某人。 ③解析:选 D。由句意可知,应该是对做好 事的报答。in reward for 为??而报答。 重点短语 5. out of work 失业 Jim has been out of work for several months. 吉姆已经失业几个月了。 Mary’s cell phone has been out of work for several days, which brought her a lot of inconvenience. 玛丽的手机坏了好几天了,这给她带来了很 多不便。 Page No.133 联想拓展 in work 有工作 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of patience 不耐烦 out of use 没用了 out of date 过时 out of order 次序颠倒;出故障

out of control 失控 out of danger 脱离危险 out of shape 变形 Out of sight, out of mind.眼不见, 心不烦。 高手过招 用适当的介词(短语)填空 (原创) ①Although my computer is date now, it's still use. ②After the fourth operation, the patient has been danger. ①out of; in ②out of Page No.134 6. as a matter of fact 事实上 It was cold. As a matter of fact, it was freezing. 天很冷。事实上,冷得要命。 联想拓展 as a matter of fact=in fact/in actual fact/actually/in reality/to tell the truth 实际上;事实 to make matters worse 让事情更糟糕的是

it doesn’t matter 没有关系 高手过招 单项填空 It rained that day. , our car broke down on the way. (2010· 江苏泰州一轮 检测) A. In fact B. Actually C. To make matters worse D. To tell the truth 解析:选 C。to make matters worse 让事情更 糟糕的是。根据句 意可知,C 项符合。 Page No.135 7. blow up vi.爆炸;突然严峻;大发雷霆 vt. 炸毁;给??充气;放大(照片) My father blew up when I didn't come home last night. 我昨晚没回家,父亲大发雷霆。 Stop at the gas station and we'll blow up the tyres.

在加油站停一下,我们要给轮胎打气。 联想拓展 blow away 刮走,吹走 blow down(风) 刮倒 blow off 吹掉;将(热水、蒸汽等)放出 blow out 吹熄; (电线)烧断 blow over (暴风雨等)吹散,刮倒; (坏天气) 大风平息 Page No.136 高手过招 单项填空 A short circuit will the fuse(保 险丝). (原创) A. blow up B. blow off C. blow out D. blow over 解析:选 C。句意为:短路会烧断保险丝。 根据句意可知,答案选 C。 8. in trouble 在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑等的处境中 Please telephone us when you are in trouble. 遇到困难时就给我们打电话。 联想拓展

have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难。 其 中的介词 in 在口语中通常可省略。 take (the) trouble to do sth. 在这一结构中, 其 中的冠词用不用均可,但含义稍有不同:用 冠词,表示不怕费事或不怕麻烦而去做某 事;不用冠词,表示尽心尽力或费尽心血而 去做某事。 Page No.137 go to (the) trouble to do (of doing) sth. 不辞辛劳做某事/费心做某事 give sb. trouble/put sb. to trouble 麻烦某 人;打扰某人 have trouble with ... 有??病痛;同??闹 纠纷 We had no trouble (in) finding his office. 我们没费吹灰之力就找到了他的办公室。 He took the trouble to show me the way to the station. 他不嫌麻烦地为我去火车站而指路。 He went to the trouble of finding out when our train was leaving. 他费心为我们打听到了我们乘坐的火车的

开车时间。 I don’t like giving trouble to people I don’t know. 我不愿意给我不认识的人添麻烦。 The man often has trouble with his wife. 这个男人经常与他的妻子闹矛盾。 Page No.138 高手过招 单项填空 Even an experienced climber can to reach the summit. (2010·河南郑州一轮检测) A. get into trouble B. make trouble ask for trouble D. take trouble over 解析:选 A。句意为:即使是一个很有经验 的登山者,想要到达顶峰也有可能遇到困 难。 句中的 can 表示 “有可能”get into trouble 。 陷入困境,因做某事而招致惩罚,危险等; ask for trouble 自找麻烦,自讨苦吃;make trouble 引起麻烦; take trouble over sth. 在某

事上费心思。根据句意选 A。 9. turn to 求助于;依赖;翻到;询问 We have to turn to some bigger companies for technical help. 我们不得不向一些更大的公司寻求技术援 助。 Page No.139 联想拓展 turn against 背叛 turn down(音量)关小;拒绝 turn in 上交 turn ...into ...(使??)成为?? turn off 关掉(水源、 煤气、 电灯等);避开 (问题等) turn on 打开(水、 煤气、 电灯、无线电等) turn over(使)打翻/翻身/翻动/翻耕(土地)/转 危为安 turn up 开大;出现;找到 by turns 轮流;交替 in turn 依次;轮流 turn out 证明是;结果是

Nobody will turn against his country. 没有人会背叛自己的国家。 Page No.140 Please turn down the television. 请把电视机的音量调小点儿。 He turned down my suggestion without hesitation. 他毫不犹豫地拒绝了我的建议。 The child picked up a purse and turned it in to the policeman. 那个孩子捡到了一个钱包,然后把它交给了 警察。 The farmers are turning waste land into rice fields. 农民们正把荒地变成肥沃的田地。 Don't forget to turn all the lights off before you go to bed. 在你上床之前,不要忘记把所有的灯都关 上。 The man turned over and went to sleep again when the telephone rang. 当电话铃响的时候,那个人翻了个身,又睡

着了。 Page No.141 高手过招 (1)单项填空 ①In the new city there wasn’t a single person the poor boy could turn for help.(2010· 辽宁本 溪月考) A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom ②We had a good many anxious moments, but everything all right in the end.(2010· 江 苏南京一轮) A. turned down B. turned on C. turned out D. turned to (1)①解析:选 D。turn to sb. for help 为固定 搭配,意思是“求助于”某人。 ②解析: C。 选 turn out 在句中的意思是 “变 得; 证明是; 结果是” 为连系动词; down , turn 调低;拒绝;turn on 打开;turn to 参考;转 向;求助于。 Page No.142 (2)用与 turn 搭配的适当介词填空 (原创)

①The key you lost has turned . ②Nothing could make the brave man turn his motherland. ③Don't rush. Please wait in line and get on the bus turn. ④He asked his teacher to give him the chance one more time but his teacher turned him . ⑤Be sure to turn the lights when you leave the classroom. (2)①up ②against ③in ④down ⑤off 10. lose heart 丧失勇气或信心 He failed many times, but he didn’t lose heart. 他失败了许多次,但他并没有失去信心。 No matter what you do, never lose heart. 不管你做什么,千万不要失去信心。 Page No.143 lose one’s job 失业 lose one’s balance 失去平衡 lose one’s breath 上气不接下气 lose one’s heart (to sb./sth.)爱上

lose one’s life 丧生; 遇害 lose face 丢脸; 受屈辱 lose hope 失去希望 高手过招 翻译句子 ①不要失去信心,一切都会好起来的。 ②她喜欢上了一位年轻士兵。 ①Don’t lose heart, all will turn out well. ②She lost her heart to a young soldier. Page No.144 重点句型 11. ...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.??只有到这个时候, 我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 only 修饰的时间、条件、 方式状语等放在句 首时,主句要用部分倒装。 Only then did she realize she had made mistakes. 直到那时她才意识到她所犯的错误。 Only when he came back did I go to bed. 当他回来的时候,我才上床睡觉。

温馨提示 only 放在句首修饰状语时,主句部分要倒 装,修饰主语、宾语时,则不倒装。 Only you understand me.只有你了解我。 Page No.145 高手过招 单项填空 I failed in the final examination last term and only then the importance of studies.(2010·山东青岛二中月考) A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize 解析:选 D。only then 位于句首时句子用倒 装结构,realize 的动作在 fail 之后发生,故 选过去时。 12. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. 他在午餐后的休息时间以及晚上本来该睡 觉的时间教我们学习。

should have done 本应该做某事(但实际上 并没有做)/对过去已发生的事情的推测。 ought to= should 但在语气上比 should 要强。 Page No.146 温馨提示 情态动词+have done 的用法小结: must+have done 表示对过去情况的推测, 只 用于肯定句中,意为“一定??” ,其否定 的意义用 can’t+have done 表示。 can/could have done 对过去已发生的情况的 推测,用于疑问句或否定句中。 could+have done 本来有能力做而实际上没 有做 needn’t+have done 本来不必做的事,实际 上却做了 might have done 本来可以做而实际上未做。 may (might)+have done 表示对过去的推测, 多用在陈述句,意为“也许;可能??” 。 用 might 比用 may 语气更加委婉。 would+have done 用于虚拟条件句中,表示 与过去事实相反。 He ought not to have taken the old clothes

away. 他不该把旧衣服带走。 (事实上已带走。 ) The street is wet. It must have rained last night. 路面是湿的,昨天晚上肯定下雨了。 Page No.147 If I could have stopped, there wouldn’t have been an accident. 如果我能够停下来,事故就不会发生了。 I needn’t have gone to the office yesterday. 昨天我没必要去办公室。 Please don’t do that. You might both have been caught and killed! 请不要那样做。你们俩很有可能被抓住然后 被杀掉! 易混辨析 should/ought to ①两者均有“应该”之意,should 多表示说 话人主观建议,ought to 多表示道义和责任。 Doctors and nurses should take good care of patients.

医生和护士应该仔细照顾病人。 You shouldn’t drink and drive. 你不该喝了酒还开车。 Page No.148 You ought to be blushed at your conduct. 你应该为你自己的行为感到羞愧。 ②两者均可表示预测, “应该会, 意为 可能” 。 We should/ought to arrive there before dark. 我们应该会在天黑前到达那里。 It’s twelve o’clock now. She should/ought to have already got there. 现在已经 12 点了。她应该已经到那里了。 联想拓展 should 的其他用法: ①虚拟从句中,表示“假如;万一” ; If you should change your mind, do let we know. 如果你想要改变主意,让我们知道。 In case you should need any help, here is my number. 假如你需要任何帮助,给我打电话,这是我 的电话号码。

Page No.149 ②应该,必须 She recommended that/she (should) take some time off. 她建设应该休假。 ③表示惊讶,遗憾。 It’s strange that she should have done such a thing. 她能做好这样的事情,真让人觉得奇怪。 高手过招 单项填空 ①—I missed the first part of the film. It was really a pity. — You home half an hour earlier.(2010·福建厦门一轮检测) A. should have left B. must have left C. should leave D. must leave ②—Do you think he is lazy? —I so once, but I don ’t now.(2010·浙江杭州一轮检测)

A. may have thought B. can have thought C. may think D. might think Page No.150 ①解析:选 A。第一句句意为:我错过了这 部电影的第一部分,真遗憾。根据第一句, 答句的句意应为:你本应该提前半小时出家 门。故选 A。 ②解析:选 A。从答语可知,空格处的意思 是“曾经这样想过” ,即对过去情况作推测, 故应用“情态动词+动词完成时” ;又因为 can 表推测时不用于肯定句中,故选 A。 Page No.151 必修 2 Page No.152 Unit 1 Cultural relics Page No.153 核心单词 1. survive vi.生还,幸存;流传下来;幸免 vt. 经历??而幸存;比??活的时间长

常用结构: survive on sth. 靠??生存(意思等 同于 live on sth.) survive sb. (by ...) 比某人多活?? Page No.154 Of the six people injured in the crash, only two survived. 在这次撞车事故受伤的 6 个人中,只有 2 个 人活了下来。 I can’t survive on $20 a week. 每周 20 美元无法维持我的生活。 Few buildings in Beichuan County survived the big earthquake on May 12, 2008. 在 2008 年 5 月 12 日的大地震中,北川县残 留的建筑物寥寥无几。 She survived her husband by ten years. 她丈夫去世后她又活了 10 年。 联想拓展 survival n. 存活,幸存;残存;遗留;旧风 俗 survivor n.生还者,幸存者 Page No.155

高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ① The old couple 从战争中幸存下来). ②His only chance of (生存) was a heart transplant. ③ In the terrible accident, there were no (幸存者). 答案:①survived the war ②survival ③ survivors Page No.156 2. select vt. 挑选;选择 易混辨析 select/choose/elect/pick out 四个词均含有“选译”之意。 select 强调在广泛的范围内进行“精选或淘 汰” ,侧重以客观为标准进行选择。 choose 为普通用词,侧重根据个人意愿和判 断从众多的对象中进行选择,着重指被选者 的优点。

elect 指按照一定的规章和法律, 用投票方式 进行的慎重的选择。 pick out 为口语用词,强调“从个人角度在 众多事物之中进行挑选” ,有时含有“任意 选择”的意思。 Page No.157 高手过招 选词填空(select/choose/elect/pick) ①Please a good book for me. ②She a diamond ring from the collection. ③We our monitor by a show of hands. ④She the red sweater rather than the pink one. 答案:①pick ②selected ③elected ④ chose Page No.158 3. design n. 设计;图案;构思 vt. 设计;计划;构思 常用结构:

by design=on purpose 有意地,故意地 be designed to do ... 目的是 做??;被打算做?? be designed for ... 为??而打算 /设计 I like the design of that rug. 我喜欢那块地毯的图案。 A new highway between the two cities is being designed. 这两个城市之间的一条新高速公路正在设 计中。 The experiment is designed to test the new drug. 实验的目的是测试新的药品。 The house are specially designed for the old people. 这些房子是专门为老年人设计的。 Page No.159 高手过招 单项填空 I like the television programme educate not merely entertain.

(2009·12·山东青州模块检测) A. designed to B. designed for C. is designed to D. is designed for 解析:选 A。be designed to do ...为固定搭 配,意为“目的是” ,为过去分词短语在句 中作后置定语,修饰名词 programme。B、D 两项 be designed for 中 for 为介词,后面需接 v.-ing 形式或名词,故排除。 Page No.160 4. fancy adj. 奇特的;异样的 vt. 想象;设想;爱好 n. 想象力;幻想;爱好 常用结构: fancy that ... 以为 是?? fancy oneself 自负, 自命 不凡 fancy (doing) sth. 喜欢,想要 (做)某事 fancy 用于感叹句中时表示 “没想到, 竟然” 。 My sister likes to collect fancy clothes.

我姐姐喜欢搜集奇装异服。 I used to fancy what I would like wearing a long snow-like dress.过去我常常想象自己穿 着雪白长裙的模样。 Children usually have a lively fancy. Page No.161 孩子们往往拥有丰富的想象力。 Many students fancy playing football. 很多学生喜欢踢足球。 Fancy meeting you here!真没想到会在这儿 遇到你! I fancy (that) it’s going to rain today. 我看今天要下雨。 答案: ①to say→saying ②to go→going Page No.162 5. consider vt. 考虑;认为 常用结构: consider doing sth./sth.考虑做某事 consider sb./sth. as/to be ...认为;以为;觉得 consider it+adj.+to do sth ... 认 为 做 某 事 是??

We are considering going to Canada. 我们正考虑到加拿大去。 We consider this (to be) very important. 我们认为这非常重要。 联想拓展 consideration n. 考 虑;关心 considering prep. 考 虑到;就??而言 take sth. into consideration 考虑(某事) Considering her age, she has done very well. 考虑到她的年纪,她已经做得非常好了。 Page No.163 高手过招 (1)单项填空 Charlie Chaplin is to be one of the greatest actors in the world. (2009·02·湖北武汉一中质量检测) A. Regarded B. believed C. thought D. considered (2) 翻 译 句 子 (原创)

①你是否考虑过如何到达那里? ②他会被认为是个软弱无能的领导人。 解析: 选 D。 (1) 考查词义辨析。 think, regard, consider 都有“看作”的意思,然而搭配不 同。think 一般与 of 搭配,形成 think of ...; regard 与 as 搭配,形成 regard ...as; consider 可以与 as 搭配,形成 consider ...as,也可以 跟不定式,形成 consider sb. to do sth.的搭配。 (2)①Have you considered how to get there? ②He will be considered a weak leader. Page No.164 6. worth adj.值得(做某事); 有(做某事)的价值 n.价值; 用处 be worth doing sth.值得(做某事) ;有(做某 事)的价值 be worth sth.用于“数量、持续时间等”的名 词之后,表示某物价值多少金额。 The new car cost a lot of money, but it’s certainly worth it. 买这辆新汽车花了很多钱, 但确实物有所 值。

The thieves stole one million pounds? worth of jewellery. 窃贼偷走了价值 100 万英镑的珠宝。 Page No.165 易混辨析 worth/worthy/worthwhile “be worth+n.”结构中,当名词为金钱时, 表示“??值??钱” 。 be worth doing sth. ??某事值得被做 “be worthy of+n./doing”当名词为抽象名词 时,表示 “??值得??” 。 be worthy to be done/be worthy of being done 某事值得被做 It is worthwhile to do sth. 值得做某事 It is worthwhile doing sth. 值得去做某事 It is worthwhile for sb. to do/doing sth. 值得某人去做某事 The article is worthy of careful study. =The article is worth studying carefully. =The article is worthy of being studied carefully. =The article is worthy to be studied carefully.

这篇文章值得仔细学习。 Page No.166 高手过招 单项填空 ①This book is worthy of

twice .

(2009·12·江苏南京月考) A. Reading B. read C. having read D. being read ②He is well skilled playing the piano, so his music is worth . (2009·12·山东烟台模块检测) A. with; listening B. with; listening to C. in; listening D. in; listening to Page No.167 解析: ①选 D。 be worthy 后可以用不定 式的被动语态或 of being done 结构, worth 而 后用动名词的主动语态表达被动概念。 ②选 D。be skilled in 也可以用 be skilled at

后跟名词或动名词表示,意思是“在??方 面熟练的;在??方面有能力的” 。worth 意 思是“值得”,后跟动名词的主动语态表达被 动概念。 在句中, music 作 listen to 的逻辑宾 语,而 listen 为不及物动词,因此 to 不可以 去掉。 Page No.168 7. wonder n.\[C\] 奇迹;奇观;\[U\]惊奇,惊叹 vt. 想知道;对??感到好奇 常用结构: in wonder 惊 奇地 do/work wonders 创造奇迹 be wonder at 对??感到惊讶 be wonder about 想弄明白; 琢磨 It is a wonder (that) ... 奇怪的是?? (It is)no/little/small wonder (that ...) 难怪??;??并不奇怪

It’s no wonder you can’t sleep when you eat so much. 你吃得那么多,难怪你睡不着。 I wonder who he was, where he were from and why he came. 我很想知道他是谁,来自哪里,为什么来。 Page No.169 高手过招 单项填空 —He is always the first to come and the last to leave. — is no wonder he always takes the first place in class. (2009·12·安徽合肥一中检测) A. It B. There C. That D. This 解析:选 A。根据句意可知,此处有“怪 不得??”的意思,故选 A。 Page No.170 8. doubt n. 怀疑;疑惑 vt.怀疑;疑虑;不信

常用结构: in doubt 怀疑,拿不定主意 no/without/beyond doubt 无疑地;必定;当 然 There is no doubt that ... 毫无疑问??(that 从句为同位语从句,表示与之同位的 no doubt 的实际内容。 ) No doubt he didn’t mean to hurt you. 他肯定不是有意要伤害你的。 Page No.171 When in doubt about the question, you’d better ask the teacher. 当你对这个问题没有 把握时,问一下老师。 I don’ doubt that he is honest. 我毫不怀疑他 t 是诚实的。 We doubt if he is honest.我们怀疑他是否诚 实。 温馨提示 在否定句和疑问句中,接 that 引导的从句; 在肯定句中,接 whether/if 引导的从句。 I don’t doubt that ...我肯定??(=I’m sure/certain that ...)

I doubt if/whether ...我不确定?? (=I’m not sure/certain if/whether ...) 高手过招 (1)单项填空 There is no doubt he will be asked to speak again next year. (2009·12·江西赣州质量检测) A. That B. whether C. what D. how Page No.172 (2) 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①我们毫不怀疑他能够做好这件事。 ②毫无疑问我们会成功的。 解析:(1) 选 A。 动词 doubt 后的同位语从 句的引导词有这样的规律:如果 doubt 前有 否定词,从句用 that 引导;如果 doubt 前没 有否定词,则用疑问代词、副词或 whether 引导。 (2)①We don’t doubt that he can do it well. ②There is no doubt that we will be successful. Page No.173 9. apart

adv.分离地;分别地 常用结构: apart from ... 除了??外, 除了??还有 take ...apart 拆开 tell apart 分辨出 易混辨析 besides/except/except for/except that/ except when/but/apart from besides 指“除??之外,另外还有” ,着重 于“另外还有” 。 except 指 “从整体里减去一部分”着重于 , “排 除在外” 。 except for 与 except 同义, except for 所 但 “排 除在外”的通常是整体中的一个细节, Page No.174 或是句中所述的整体内容中的一个部分。 except that 意为“除了” ,与 except for 同义, 后面接从句。 except when 意为“除非”“除了在??时 , 候” 。 but 作介词与 except 同义, “排除在外” 表示 。 常与 no, every, any 构成的复合词连用, 构成

none but, nothing but, anybody but, everyone but, everywhere but 以及 no one but, all but 等 结构。 apart from 兼有 besides 和 except for 两种含 义,后接名词、代词或动名词。 Page No.175 注意:用于否定句时,but, except 和 besides 可以换用。 Apart from their house in London, they also have a villa in Spain.他们在伦敦有房子,此 外在西班牙还有一座别墅。 Take the bike apart and try to repair it this morning. 请拆开这自行车并设法于今天上午修好。 There aren’t any other people to be considered but/except/besides Mr Brown. 除了布朗先生外,其他人将不予考虑。 I have five other story books besides this one. 除了这本外,我还有五本别的故事书。 He answered all the questions except the last one. 除了最后一个问题外,他回答了所有的问

题。 I know nothing about him except that he lives next door. 我不了解他的情况,只知道他住在隔壁。 He goes to work on time every day except when he is ill. 他每天都按时上班,除非他生病了。 Page No.176 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①除了很少的几个词以外,我对法语一无所 知。 a few words, I do not know any French at all. ②我分不出这一对双胞胎谁是谁。 I can’t the twins . 答案: ①Apart from ②tell; apart Page No.177 重点短语 10. in search of 寻找,寻求

联想拓展 in one’s/a/the search for=in search of 寻找; 寻求 make a search of 搜查?? search for sb./sth. 寻找某人/某物 search sb./sth. out 找出某人/某物 search sb./sth.(for sb./sth.) 搜查某人/某物(以搜寻到某人/某物) Page No.178 易混辨析 search/search for/search ...for/in search of search vt. search sb.意为“搜身” ,search sp. 意为“在??中搜查” 。 search for 意为“寻找” ,指搜寻某个特定的 目标,相当于 look for。 search ...for 意为 “搜查某人或某地以寻找某 物” 。 in search of 意为“寻找” ,作目的状语,后 接寻找的对象或目标。 The police searched the house for the stolen jewellry. 警察搜查那栋房屋,寻找被偷的宝石。

I looked everywhere in search of my lost pen. 我四处寻找我丢失的钢笔。 They searched the guard at the gate. 他们在门口搜查了那个士兵。 I searched everywhere for the lost pen. 我到处找丢失的钢笔。 Page No.179 高手过招 (1)单项填空 They were walking around the town a place for the party. (2009·12·江苏扬州中学检测) A. in search of B. search C. searching of D. searched for (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①警察到处搜捕他。最终他被抓住了,现在 警察正在对他进行搜身。 The police him everywhere. He was caught at last and now the police are him. ②显然,已经有人搜过他的房子——那本书

不见了。 His house had clearly been and the book was missing. 解析:(1) 选 A。in search of 为介词短语, 意为“寻找” ,符合句意。B、D 两项动词形 式不正确; C 项 search of 这种搭配。 无 故选 A 项。 (2)①searched for;searching ②searched Page No.180 11. belong to 属于;是??的成员;是??的一部分 联想拓展 belong vi. 应被放置在,应处在(某处) ,适 合在某处。此时,不与 to 连用,后面通常跟 副词和其他介词短语。 belongings n.财产;所有物;行李 温馨提示 belong to 不用于进行时态和被动语态中。to 为介词,其后接代词、名词类短语及从句, 表示所归属的对象。 Who does this watch belong to? 这块表是谁的?

She lost all her belongings in the earthquake. 她在地震中失去了所有的财产。 I don’t really feel I belong here. 我感觉我并不适合待在这个地方。 Page No.181 高手过招 单项填空 As is known to us all, China is a developing country the third world. (2009·12·山东青岛二中模块检测) A. belonging B. belonged C. belonging to D. belonged to 解析:选 C。belong to 在句中作定语,无 被动语态和进行时态,必须和 to 连用。 Page No.182 12. in return 回报;作为报酬;作为报答 in return for sth. 作为??的交换/回报

in turn 轮流地,依次;相应地,转而 by turns 轮流地,时而??时而??What can we do for them in return for all the help they have given us? 我们能做些什么来报答他们所给予我们的 种种帮助呢? 答案:①I bought him a drink in return for his help. ②I wish I could do something for you in return. Page No.183 重点句型 13. Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 普鲁士国王威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给 俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶 的历史。 “couldn’t have done”意为“不可能做了某 事” ,表示对过去已发生的事情的比较有把 握的否定猜测。

could/can have done 结构的用法: ①用于疑问句中,表示一种猜测,意为“可 能做过??吗?” ②用于肯定句中,表示与过去事实相反的假 设,意为“本来能够去做却没有做” 。 Page No.184 Mr Smith can’t have gone to Beijing, for I saw him just now. 史密斯先生不可能去北京了,我刚才还见过 他。 There is no light in the room, can they have gone out? 屋里没亮灯,他们有可能出去了吗? —I stayed at a hotel while in New York. 在纽约时我住在一家旅馆里。 —Oh, did you? You could have stayed with Babara. 是吗?你本来能够和巴巴拉住在一起的。 Page No.185 高手过招 单项填空 ①His brother met him at the Grand Theatre

yesterday afternoon, so he have attended your lecture. (2009·12·山西太原五中模拟测试) A. couldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t ②—Your mother was really anxious about you. —I know. I home without a word. (2009·11·陕西西安检测) A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave Page No.186 解析: ①选 A。 “His brother met him at the 由 Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon”可知,当 时他不在课堂上,不可能听了你的课。 couldn’ have done 意为 (过去) t “ 肯定没做” , 符合句意。 ②选 B。由“Your mother was really anxious about you”和“I know”可知, “我”是在为 自己未打招呼离家而自责。shouldn’t have

done 意为“本不应该做某事” ,符合句意。 Page No.187 14. He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. 他/她关心的只是目击者是否提供了真实的 信息,这些信息必须是事实而不是个人的观 点或看法。 rather than 意为“而不是” ,连接两个并列成 分, 这两个并列成分的形式应该一致。 rather than 连接两个主语时,其后面谓语动词的单 复数形式取决于 rather than 前面主语的单复 数形式。同类词汇、短语还有:as well as, together with, except, like, but, with, besides, including 等。 Page No.188 联想拓展 or rather 更确切地说 other than 除了??之外 would rather do sth. than do sth. =prefer doing ...to doing/prefer to do rather than do

宁愿做??,而不愿做?? would do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿做??而不愿做?? would rather (not) do sth. 宁愿(不)?? I think Tom, rather than you, is to blame. 我认为该受责备的是汤姆,而不是你。 Professor Smith, together with his assistants, is doing the research day and night. 史密斯教授和他的助手们正在夜以继日地 进行研究。 Page No.189 高手过招 选词填空(rather than/other than/or rather) (原创) ① I met him very late on Friday night, , early on Saturday morning. ②Does anybody yourself know this? ③ I decided to send an e-mail telephone. 答案:①or rather ②other than

③rather than Page No.190 Unit 2 The Olympic Games Page No.191 核心单词 1. compete vi.比赛;竞争 联想拓展 compete with 与??竞争 compete for 竞争以获得?? compete with/against sb. for sth. 为得到某物与某人竞争 compete in (a game, a match) 参加; 在??方 面竞争 be in competition with sb.和某人竞争 competition n.比赛;竞争 competitor n.比赛者;竞争者 competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争力的 Page No.192 易混辨析 compete/contest compete 表示 “为了争得名次、 奖金,

合同等” ,并不含有将对手征服的意思。 contest 所表示的竞赛可以是友谊赛, 也可以是有敌意的竞赛,旨在比试技能、能 力、力气、耐力等,此外还可以表示赢得选 举。 He believed that nobody could compete with/against him. 他认为没有人能和他竞争。 More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to compete for the first prize. 1 000 多名选手参加了争夺一等奖的比赛。 He has now competed in two Olympics. 他已经参加过两届奥运会了。 Page No.193 高手过招 (1)单项填空 Our athletes will some games, such as running and wrestling. They have the hope to get some gold medals. (2009·12·江西南昌一中检测) A. compete B. compete in C. Join D. attend

(2) 用 方 框 内 所 给 短 语 的 适 当 形 式 填 空 (原创) compete with/compete against/compete for/compete in ① It ’ s difficult for small markets to big ones. ②Will you the 100-metre race? ③The two athletes will the gold medal. 解析: (1) 选 B。compete 的意思是“竞技; 比赛” ,后面跟宾语时,用 compete in 表示 “参加” ;attend 仅有“参加某项活动”的意 思;表示参加活动也可以用 join in。 (2)①compete with/against ②compete in ③compete for Page No.194 2. admit vt.&vi.准许进入; 容许; 接纳(常用被动结构); 承认 联想拓展 be admitted as ... 被接受为?? be admitted (to/into) 被准许进入??

admit (to) sth./doing 承认某事/做过某事 admit that 承认?? admit sb./sth. to be 承认??是 It is/was admitted that 普遍认为?? He was admitted as a member of the basketball team. 他被接受成为篮球队的一名队员。 Only 200 children were admitted to/into the school every year. 那时每年只有 200 名儿童获准入学。 Will you admit having broken the window? 你承不承认你打破了窗户? They freely admit that they still have a lot to learn. 他们坦率承认,他们要学的东西还很多。 He admitted his words to be mistaken. 他承认自己的话错了。 Page No.195 高手过招 (1)单项填空 Little Tom admitted in the examination, that he wouldn’t do

that in future. (2009·12·山东东营模块 检测) A. to cheat; to promises B. cheating; promised C. having cheated; promising D. to have cheated; promised (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①他供认驾驶了这辆没有保险的车。 He the car without insurance. ②幸运的是,去年他被一所名牌大学录取 了。 Luckily, he a key university last year. Page No.196 解析: 选 C。 (1) 考查非谓语动词。 动词 admit 后常接动名词作宾语,即:admit doing 或 admit having done,意为“承认做过某事” , 据此排除 A、D 两项。句意为:小汤姆承认 在考试中作弊了,并保证今后不再这样做。 由于第二个空白处前面没有连词 and,因此

admit 与 promise 不是两个并列的谓语动词, 用 promised 形 式 是 错 误 的 , 而 要 用 promising 作伴随状语,故答案为 C 项。 (2) ① admitted driving ② was admitted to/into Page No.197 3. replace vt. 代替;取代;替换 常用结构: replace sth. 代替;取代?? replace sb. as 取 代某人而成为 replace sb./sth. with/by 用??替 换,以??接替 Teachers will never be replaced by computers in the classroom. 课堂上电脑永远不会取代老师。 She replaced her husband as the local teacher. 她取代丈夫成了当地的老师。 I replaced the worn-out tools with/by new ones.

我用新工具来替换那些磨损不堪的旧工具。 Page No.198 联想拓展 in place 在适当的位置 out of place 在不适当的位置 in one’s place=in the place of 代替 take the place of=replace 代替;替代 take place 发生;举行 take one’s place 就位,就座 instead of 代替;而不是(介词短语) With everything in place, she started lessons. 一切就绪,她开始讲课 Page No.199 高手过招 单项填空 Bob is ill today. Who can him in our football match? (2009·12·福建厦门检测) A. Replace B. take place C. instead of D. in the place of

解析:选 A。根据句意此处有代替之意并 且需要动词作谓语,replace=take the place of。instead of 是介词短语,不能作谓语。 Page No.200 4. marry v. (和某人)结婚;嫁;娶;把??嫁给?? 常用结构: marry sb. 娶某人, 嫁给某人 (marry 后不加介词) marry sb. to sb. 把某人嫁给某人 marry well 嫁个有钱人 She married a rich man. 她嫁给了一个有钱人。 He married both his daughters to rich businessmen. 他把两个女儿都嫁给了富商。 联想拓展 marriage n. 结婚; 婚姻 married adj. 已婚的 get/be married (to sb.) (与某人)结婚 Page No.201

易混辨析 marry/get married/be married marry 与 get married 强调动作,不能与 表示时间段的状语连用; be married 强调状 态,可以与表示时间段的状语连用。 可以说 She married/got married two years ago. 或 She has been married for two years. 或 It ’ s two years since she married/got married. 但不可以说 She has married/has got married for two years. 答案:①去掉 to ②got→have been 或 for ten years→ten years ago Page No.202 5. promise vt. 允诺,答应 vi.有希望;承诺;答应 n. 诺言,承诺;迹象,征兆 常用结构: promise sth. 答应某事

promise sb. sth./promise sth. to sb. 答应给 某人某物 promise (sb.)to do sth. 答应(某人)做什么事 promise (sb.) that ... 答应(某人)?? keep/carry out one ’ s promise 信守诺言 break/go back on one’s promise 违 背诺言 make/give a promise 许诺/答应 Page No.203 Promise (me) never to be late again. 答应(我)决不再迟到。 She promised her mother that she would come back. 她答应妈妈会回来。 He made a promise to come back. 他答应回来了。 This year promises to be another good one for harvest.

今年看来又是个丰收年。 联想拓展 promising adj. 有希望的;有前途的 Page No.204 高手过招 单项填空 The girl to be a good dancer if she is well trained in an art school. (2009·11·福建厦门检测) A. expects B. allows C. Wishes D. Promises 解析:选 D。由句意可知,此处为“女孩 有希望成为优秀的舞者” ,只有 promise 有 “有希望”之意。 Page No.205 6. charge n. 费用;指控,指责;主管;掌管 v. 指控;收费;要价;承担责任;掌管;充 电;控诉 All goods are delivered free of charge. 一切物品免费送货。 She rejected the charge that the story was

untrue. 她否认了她编造事实的指控。 He took charge of the farm after his father’s death. 父亲去世后,他掌管农场。 The committee has been charged with the development of sport. 委员会已经承担了体育运动发展的责任。 What did he charge for the repairs? 他们收了多少修理费? Page No.206 Before use, the battery must be charged. 使用前,电池必须充电。 He was charged with murder. 他被指控犯有谋杀罪。 常用结构: at no extra charge 无需 额外付费 be charged with 被 控告犯??罪 in/under the charge of 在某人 照看(掌管)下

in 处于控制或支配

charge

of

(某人/某事物)的地位 free of charge 免费 charge sb. money for (doing) sth. 为做某事 向某人收取费用 take charge 负责;控制局面 Page No.207 高手过招 (1)单项填空 He told me that the factory was his brother. (2009·12·河北石家 庄检测) A. in charge of B. in charge for C. in the charge of D. in the charge for (2) 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①这些病人由威尔逊医生治疗。

②这儿由谁负责? 解析:(1) 选 C。 in the charge of 意思是 “在??掌管之下” ,而 in charge of 意思是 “负责,掌管” 。如: Who is in charge of the factory? (2)①These patients are under the charge of Dr Wilson. ②Who’s in charge here? Page No.208 7. bargain n. 协议;廉价物 v.(与某人)讨价还价; 洽谈成交条件;谈 判;讲条件 If you promote our goods, we will give you a good discount as our part of the bargain. 若你方经销我们的货物, 我方愿给予你相当 大的优惠作为回报。 It’s a bargain.这可是便宜货。 Never pay the advertised price for a car; always try to bargain. 千万不要照牌价购买汽车, 总得讲讲价才 是。

常用结构: make a bargain with sb. about/over/for sth. 就某事与某人达成协议 bargain with sb. about/over/for sth. 就某事与某人讨价还价 a good/bad bargain 一笔划算/不划算的交易 Page No.209 高手过招 (1)单项填空 The coat is really a good at such a low price. (2009·12·江西师大附中检测) A. Matter B. pattern C. seller D. bargain (2) 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①你做了一笔很划算的交易。 ②工会为缩短工作周而(与管理部门)讨价 还价。 解析:(1) 选 D。考查词义辨析。从句中的 “at such a low price”可以判断出前面要说

的是“衣服很便宜” 。英语中表示某东西买 得便宜时可用 a good bargain 这一固定搭 配。 (2)①You’ve got a good bargain. ②The Unions bargained (with management) for a shorter working week. Page No.210 8. deserve vt.&vi.应受(报答或惩罚); 值得 The article deserves careful study. 这篇文章值得仔细研究。 They deserve to be sent to prison.他们应该入 狱。 联想拓展 deserve doing=deserve to be done=be worth doing 值得做 The thief deserves punishing. =The thief deserves punishment. =The thief deserves to be punished. 这个小偷理所当然会受到惩罚。 Page No.211 高手过招

翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①她积极努力, 应该得到奖赏。 ②如果你做错事,就应该受到惩罚。 答案:①She deserves a reward for her efforts. ②If you do something wrong, you deserve punishing/to be punished/punishment. Page No.212 重点短语 9. one after another/the other 一个接一个地;陆续地 Please line up one after another. 请按顺序排队。 We achieved one victory after another. 我们取得了一个又一个的胜利。 联想拓展 one by one 逐个地;逐一地 one another/each other 相互 Page No.213 高手过招 翻译句子 ①他把所有的书都并列摆放起来。

②账单纷至沓来。 答案:①He put all the books beside each other/one another. ②The bills kept coming in one after another. 10. stand for (指缩写或符号)代表;象征;支持;主张 What does EU stand for?EU 代表什么? Which group do you stand for?你支持哪一 组? 联想拓展 stand by 袖手旁观; 无动于衷 stand by sb. 支持;帮助; 站在??一边 stand out(from/as) 显眼;突出 stand up 站起; 站立; 起立 Page No.214 高手过招 (1)单项填空 I don ’ t know what the signal “ X ” on the road. Could you tell me?

(2009·12·江西信丰中学检测) A. Stands B. refers to C. means D. stands for (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①The letters UN (代表) United Nations. ②Don’ just t (袖手旁观) . You can do something to help. ③The letters (突出; 显眼) well against the dark background. Page No.215 (1)解析:选 D。mean, refer to 都有“代表” 的意思,但是 stand for 一般是指“符号、手 势、记号等”所代表的意义,而 refer to 指 某个意思的对象;mean 表达前面的语言的 意义。如 “To give up doing something” means “ to stop doing something”.(放弃做 某事也就是停止做某事。)“It” can be used to refer to a baby. “It” ( 可以用来指一个婴儿。 ) “V” is often used to stand for victory. (“V” 可以用来表示胜利。)

(2)①stand for ②stand by ③stand out Page No.216 11. as well 意为 “也, 又, 而且” 意思等同于 too, , also, 但 as well 只能置于句末。 联想拓展 as well as 意为“不仅??而且??, 既??又??;除了??之外,还有??; 和??一样好” 。 as well as 作介词用时,意思等同于 besides,意为“除??之外” ,后跟动词时通 常用 v.-ing 形式。 as well as 连接主语时,谓语动词的单复 数形式取决于 as well as 前面主语的单复数 形式。 may/might as well do 意为“不妨??; 还是??好” 。 Page No.217 Are you coming as well? =Are you coming, too? =Are you also coming?你也来吗? They sell books as well as newspapers.

他们既卖报纸也卖书。 She cooks as well as her mother. 她做菜跟她妈妈做得一样好。 His wife as well as his children was invited to the party. 不仅他的孩子,连同他妻子也被邀请参加那 次聚会。 We may/might as well ask him for some advice. 我们不妨向他征求一些建议。 Page No.218 高手过招 单项填空 ①Jack plays football , if not better than David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as ②E-mail, as well as telephones, an important part in daily communication. A. is playing B. have played C. are playing D. play 解析: ①选 B。as well as 意为“和??一

样好”“if not+better than”是一个插入语, 。 去掉后,句子是 Jack plays football as well as David。 ②选 A。 as well as 连接主语时, 当 谓语动词 的单复数形式取决于前面的主语的单复数 形式。 Page No.219 12. every four years 每四年;每隔三年 联想拓展 every 与基数词、序数词、other 或 few 连用, 表示时间或空间的间隔,意为“每??;每 隔??” 。 every+基数词+复数名词 every+序数词+单数名词 every+other+单数可数名词 every few+复数名词 every four days 每隔三天 every third day 每三天 He comes to see his parents every three days. 他每三天来看望父母一次。 Page No.220

高手过招 单项填空 “Where are we now?” few minutes one of the children asked Miss Cornwall the same question. (2009·12·山东济南模块检测) A. Every B. Each C. Another D. A 解析:选 A。every few minutes 每几分钟, 符合句意。 Page No.221 13. take part in 参加,参与 The students take part in all kinds of activities after class. 学生们课后参加各种活动。 易混辨析 take part in/join in/join/attend take part in 指参加有组织的重大的活动。 I took part in the game. 我参加了比赛。 join in 指参加正在进行着的活动或游戏等,

有时可与 take part in 换用。 Page No.222 Please come over and join in our game. 请过来参加我们的游戏。 join 指参加团体或组织,成为其中的一员, 也可用于 join sb. in sth./doing sth.结构, 表示 “和某人一起做某事” 。 Many of them joined the army. 他们很多人都参军了。 attend 相当于 be present at,多指出席,参加 会议,讲座等。 He decided to attend the meeting himself. 他决定自己去参加会议。 Page No.223 高手过招 选词填空(join/join in/take part in/attend) ① — How many countries the Olympic Games in Athens? —202. ②The famous professor will come to give us a lecture. Will you go to it? ③His brother the army three

years ago. ④May I your game? 答案: ①took part in ②attend ③joined ④join in Page No.224 重点句型 14. I lived in what you call ―Ancient Greece‖ and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们所说的“古希腊” ,我曾经写 过很久以前的奥林匹克运动会的情况。 what 引导宾语从句,并在从句中作 call 的 宾语, “Ancient Greece”作宾补。what 相当 于 the place that,因此 what 不能改为 that, 也不能改为 where, 因为 where 只能作状语。 used to do 过去常常(做)??;曾经?? Page No.225 易混辨析 used to do/be used to do/be used to doing used to do sth. (would do) 过去经常做某事 be used to do 被用来做??(被动语态) be/get/become used to sth./doing

=be/get/become accustomed to sth./doing 习 惯于 My father used to smoke a lot. 我父亲过去烟抽得很厉害。 (暗含“现在不 抽了或抽得少了”的意思) I used to live in the countryside with my grandmother. 我曾经和祖母在农村生活过。 Wood can be used to make paper. 木头可以用来造纸。 I’m still not used to getting up early. 我仍然不习惯早起。 Page No.226 高手过招 单项填空 ①Water electricity widely all over the world. (2009·12·陕西咸 阳检测) A. is used to produce B. is used to producing C. used to produce D. used to producing

②There many people in the office, but now nobody is allowed. (2009·12·江苏如东检测) A. used to be; smoking B. used to have; smoking C. used to be; smoke D. used to have; smoke 解析: ①选 A。be used to do 意为“被用来 做某事” ,符合句意。 ②选 A。第一空 there used to be 意为“过去 曾 经 有” 第 二空 smoking 作前 面 many ; people 的后置定语。句意为:过去很多人在 办公室里吸烟,但现在谁也不允许这样做 了。 Page No.227 15. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! 其他国家都不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参 加! 句子结构为:nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情 态动词+主语。此句型是一个倒装句,意为 “??也不” ,用于否定陈述句之后,说明

后者的情况与前者相同。 联想拓展 用“so+助动词+主语”结构,表示肯定陈述 句之后说明后者情况与前者相同,so it is with sb./It is the same with sb. 某人也是这 样。so it is with sb./It is the same with sb.结构 陈述两种或两种以上的情况,既可用于肯 定,也可用于否定。 Page No.228 “否定词+助动词+主语”是常用的倒装句 式,常用词:not, never, no, nowhere, neither, nor, hardly, seldom, little, rarely。 If you won’t go, neither/nor will I. 如果你不去,我也不去。 He don’t know about it. Nor do I. 他不了解这件事,我也不了解。 He never went again, and nor did he write to apologize. 他再也没去过,也没有写信道歉。 He disliked the film, and so did I.他不喜欢这 部电影,我也是。 Page No.229

高手过招 单项填空 ①—I don’t think I can walk any farther! — . Let’s stop here for a rest. (2009·12·江苏盐城检测) A. Neither am I B. Neither can I C. I don’t think so D. I think so ②—He has made great progress recently. — and . (2009·12·江苏南通检测) A. So he has; so you have B. So he has; so have you C. So has he; so have you D. So has he; so you have 解析: ①选 B。根据最后一句“我们停下 来休息一下吧” 可知, 回答者也不能再走了, 因此用 Neither can I。 ②选 B。 第一空表示对说话者的同意和赞成, 意为“他的确如此” ,第二空表示“你也一 样” 。 Page No.230

16. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and ... 妇女不仅被允许参加,而且她们还在体操、 竞技和团队等比赛项目中起着非常重要的 作用?? not only ...but (also) ... 意为“不仅??而 且??” 。当此结构连接两个并列主语时, 谓语动词的单复数要和邻近的主语保持一 致。若 not only 置于句首,其所在的分句需 要采用部分倒装。 He not only said it, but also did it. 他不但说到了,而且也做到了。 Not only you but also he is responsible for it. 不仅你而且他也要为此事负责任。 Not only does he work hard, but also he is very clever. 他不但学习刻苦,而且很聪明。 Page No.231 高手过招 单项填空 ①Not only English,but also he

learns it well. (2009·12·陕西 宝鸡检测) A. he likes B. does he like C. likes he D. he does like ②—I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible. — . (2009·12·浙江杭州检测) A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me. D. So do I ①解析:选 B。not only 连接除主语以外的 成分时,如果位于句首,该句用部分倒装。 故选 B。 ②解析:选 B。第二句句意为:我也不来了。 故用 Neither would I。 Page No.232 Unit 3 Computers Page No.233 核心单词 1. common adj. 共同的,普遍的;常见的

常用结构: in common 共有,公用(在句中多作状语) have nothing/little/a lot/something in common (with) sb. 与某人没有/许多/有些共同之处 in common with 和??一样 common sense/knowledge 常识 common welfare 公共福利 Page No.234 易混辨析 common/ordinary/usual/normal common 指“共有的,公共的;共同的;常 见的” 。反义词为 rare。 common 作“普通的”讲时可与 ordinary 换 用。 “普通人” 如 也可以说成 common people。 ordinary 意为“普通的,平淡无奇的” ,指 没有什么特别的地方。 usual 意为“平常的,通常的,一向的” ,含 惯例之意。 normal 意为“正常的” 。 Page No.235 Jane and I have nothing in common.

=I have nothing in common with Jane. 我与简毫无共同之处。 The problems are common to all societies. 这些问题是所有社会的通病。 In common with many young people, he prefers pop songs. 和许多年轻人一样,他喜欢流行歌曲。 He is in ordinary clothes. 他穿着平常的衣 服。 We meet every day at the usual place. 我们每天在往常那个地方见面。 Page No.236 高手过招 单项填空 Harry visited the bookstore every week. He became such a customer that the bookseller gave him some books as presents. (2009·12·浙江桐庐检测) common B. normal C. usual D. average 解析:选 C。由“Harry visited the bookstore every week”可知,他是常客,含有“习惯,

惯例”之意,故选 C。 Page No.237 2. signal n. 信号;手势;声音;暗号 v. 发信号;用信号传达;用信号与??通讯 A red light is usually a signal for/of danger. 红灯通常是危险的信号。 He signaled (to) the waiter to bring the menu. 他示意服务员把菜单拿过来。 常用结构: signal to sb./sth. for sth. 用信号传达(某信息) ;用信号与(某人) 通讯 signal with ...用??发信号 Page No.238 高手过招 翻译句子 ①铁路的红信号灯亮了,所以火车停下了。 ②他用红旗传达信号。 答案:①The railway signal was on red, so the train stopped. ②He was signalling with a red flag.

Page No.239 3. sum n. 金额; 款项; 总数; 算术题 常用结构: in sum 简言之; 总而言之 sum up/sum sth. Up 总结;概括 He was fined the sum of 200$. 他被处以 200 美元的罚金。 The sum of 5 and 3 is 8. 5 加 3 的和是 8。 To sum up, there are three main ways of solving the problem. 概括起来说,这个问题主要有三种解决办 法。 答案:In sum, the plan failed. Page No.240 4. arise vi. (arose, arisen)出现,发生;起床,起身 A new difficulty has arisen.出现了新的困难。 Accident arise from carelessness. 疏忽大意往往会引起事故的发生。 He arose at dawn.他黎明即起。

常用结构: arise from/out of 由??引起;由??产生 Page No.241 高手过招 翻译句子 ①夜间起风暴了。 ②由于缺乏交流而产生了问题。 答案:①A storm arose during the night. ②Problems have arisen out of the lack of communication. Page No.242 5. anyhow adv.(也作 anyway)不管怎样,无论如何; 反正;即使如此 联想拓展 somehow adv. 以某种方式, 用某种方法;不 知怎么地 somewhat adv.有点,稍微 He told me not to buy it, but I bought it anyhow. 他告诉我不要买它,但不管怎样,我还是买 了。

It may snow, but anyhow I will go to the town. 可能要下雪,但无论如何我都要进城。 We must get the work finished somehow by tomorrow morning. 我们必须设法在明天早上以前把工作做完。 Somehow we lost our way. 不知怎么地我们迷路了。 My jacket is somewhat like yours. 我的夹克与你那件有点相似。 Page No.243 高手过招 (1)单项填空 —You don’t seem to be quite yourself today. What’s wrong? —Oh, I’m suffering from a cold. Nothing serious, . (2009·12·安 徽舒城检测) A. yet B. indeed C. anyhow D. though (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①我对这个工作有点厌倦了。

I am tired of this work. ②不知怎么地,他害怕她。 he was afraid of her. ③他无论如何也不能使她信服。 He couldn’t convince her . 解析: (1) 选 D。此处表达“转折” ,意思 是“然而” 。 (2)①somewhat ②Somehow ③anyhow Page No.244 6. personally adv. 就个人而言;亲自 联想拓展 personally 意为“就个人而言”时的同义短 语: in my opinion as far as I’m concerned in my view for my part as far as I can see from my point of view for my perspective The owner of the hotel welcomed us

personally. 这家旅馆的主人亲自接待了我们。 Personally (speaking), I think he is a very good man, but you may not agree. 就个人而言, 我认为他是个很好的人, 但也 许你不这么认为。 Page No.245 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ① She said she didn ’ t like Tom, but (就个人而言), I thought he was an honest boy, though sometimes careless. ② (幸好) the planes appear to be , quite safe. ③ (自然地) ,their ideas are important to everyone in the country. ④ (高兴的是) for him, his stepmother was kind to him. ⑤ (出人意料的) he failed the , exam. 答案: ①personally ②Luckily/Fortunately

③Naturally ④Happily ⑤Surprisingly Page No.246 7. goal n. 球门;(进球)得分;目标;目的 常用结构: score/kick a goal 踢进一 球;得一分 keep goal 守 球门 life goal/one’s goal in life 生活目标 achieve/realize one’s goal 实现目标 He headed the ball into an open goal. 他乘虚 把球顶入球门 We won by three goals to one.我们以三比一 获胜。 You’d better set a goal before you start. 开始前,你最好设定一个目标。 Page No.247 高手过招 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①他已经实现了他的目标。

②我的人生目标是帮助他人。 答案:①He has achieved his goal. ②My goal in life is to help others. 重点短语 8. in a way 在某种程度上(表示对情况的态度) Page No.248 联想拓展 in a way=in one way=in some ways in the way 挡道;造成阻碍 in one way 在某方面 in some ways 在某些方面 in no way 决不,无论如何都不(位于句首 时构成倒装) on one ? s way to 在去??的路上 by the way 顺便说一下 in any way 在任何方面 in every way 在各方面 give way (to sb./sth.)屈服;让步 lose one ? s way 迷路 (there is) no way 不可能;没门 by way of 经过;经由

in the way 和 in one’s way 两个短语含义相 同,都含“挡住去路;碍事”之意。 In a way, it’s kind of nice to be studying alone. 在某种程度上讲,独自一个人学习相当不 错。 Page No.249 高手过招 单项填空 I can’t see the word on the blackboard. Your head is . (原创) A. on the way B. in a way C. by the way D. in the way 解析:选 D。in the way 和 in one’s way 均 表示“挡住去路;碍事”之意。故 D 项符合 句意。 Page No.250 9. go by 经过;(时间)过去;依照,靠??判断 联想拓展 go against 违背;对??不利 go without 勉强维持,凑合;没 有??而将就

go in for 爱好;参加;从事 go over 复习;仔细审查 go ahead 进行;发生; (尤指经 某人允许)开始做 go through 通过; 经历, 经受; 查看, 调查 go out 出去;熄灭 go off 离开,出发;爆发, 突然响起;停止;熄灭 go up 上升 go down 下降 Page No.251 He went by his teacher without even a greeting. 他从老师身边经过时连声招呼也没打。 As time went by/With time going by, he has changed a lot.随着时光流逝,他已经改变了 许多。 Don’t go by that old map—it has been out of date. 别参照那张旧地图,它已经过时了。 You can’t always go by appearances.

你不能总是凭外表来判断。 Page No.252 高手过招 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空 (原创) go in for/go off/go through/go without ①The new law did not . ②I am an entrance examination next year. ③There’s no money for a holiday this year; we’ll just have to . ④ He didn ’ t wake up even though the alarm . 答案:①go through ②going in for ③go without ④went off Page No.253 10. as a result 结果,因此 联想拓展 as a result of 由于??;作为??的结果 as a consequence 结果 in consequence 结果

in consequence of 由于 result from 由??引起;由于(意思等同于 lie in) result in 结果;导致(意思等同于 lead to) He made a big mistake, and, as a result, lost his job. 他犯了个大错,结果丢了工作。 He didn’t pass the exam as a result of his carelessness. 他由于粗心而没有通过考试。 His success results from his hard work. 他的成功源于自身的努力。 Acting before thinking always results in failure. 做事之前不加考虑总会导致失败。 Page No.254 高手过招 (1)单项填空 He fell the bike and broke his leg as . (2009·12·山西大同检测)

A. down; result B. off; a result C. onto; a result of D. to; a result of (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①由于大雪,他迟到了。 He was late the heavy snow. ②因此,我们不得不给菜地浇水。 , we have to water the vegetable garden. ③他考试不及格是由于粗心造成的。 His failure in the exam his carelessness. ④这场意外事故造成两人死亡。 The accident the death of two people. Page No.255 解析:(1) 选 B。fall off 意思是“从??上 掉下来” as a result 的意思是 ; “因而; 结果” 。 (2)①as a result of ②As a result

③resulted from ④resulted in Page No.256 11. make up 化妆;化装;捏造,虚构(故事,诗等) 联想拓展 make up for 补偿 be made up of=consist of 由??组成 make for 有利于做成某事, 有助于做成某事;走向;冲向 make it 及时赶到;成功 make it up 和 解;讲和 make known 使知 晓;传达 make out 理 解;懂得;辨认出 She spent an hour making (herself) up before the party.

她在聚会前用了一个小时化妆。 Stop making things up! 不要胡编了! Page No.257 高手过招 (1)单项填空 In Singapore, a southeastern Asian country, the Chinese people the largest percentage of its population, so you can speak Chinese there. (2009·12·河北保定检测) A. make up B. take up C. hold up D. turn up (2) 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①讲究卫生有助于身体健康。 Cleanliness good health. ②我们需要 50 美元以补足所需要的数目。 We need $50 to the sum required.

③那位经理的字迹很难辨认。 It was difficult to the manager’s handwriting. 解析: (1) 选 A。考查短语辨析。make up 意为“编造,弥补,组成,构成” ;take up 意为“拿起来,占据(时间或空间)” ;hold up 意为“阻止” ;turn up 意为“开大,调高, 出现” 。 (2)①makes for ②make up ③make out Page No.258 12. after all 毕竟,终究 联想拓展 at all 根本,完全; 到底,究竟;既然 not at all 一点也不 in all 总共,共计 above all 首先; 最重要的是 first of all 首先 all in all 总之 Don’t get discouraged by setbacks, we are new to the work after all.

别因挫折而灰心,毕竟我们不熟悉这项工作。 He did come after all. 他终究还是来了。 Page No.259 高手过招 单项填空 ①The hurricane damaged many houses and business buildings; , it caused 20 deaths. (2009·12·山西平遥检测) A. or else B. therefore C. after all D. besides ② I ’ d like to buy a house — modern, comfortable, and in a quiet neighbourhood. (2009·11·宁夏银川检测) A. in all B. above all C. after all D. at all 解析: ①选 D。由语境逻辑可以推出该空

表示“另外,除此之外” ,只有 D 项与句意 相符。 ②选 B。考查“介词+all”的短语辨析。句 意为:我想买一座房子——时尚、舒适,最 重要的是社区要安静。in all 总共;above all 最重要的是;after all 毕竟;at all 根本。 Page No.260 13. deal with 处理;安排;对付 易混辨析 do with/deal with 表示“怎样处理”时,do with 常与连接代词 what 连用,而 deal with 常与连接副词 how 连用。 这两个短语在意思上有细微的差别。一般来 说,do with 意为“处置;忍受;相处;有关” 等。 deal with 意义很广,意为“对付;应付;处 理;安排;论述;涉及;与??打交道/做生 意”等。 How are you going to deal with the problem? 你们打算怎样处理这个问题呢?

Page No.261 Such man is difficult to deal with. 这种人不容易相处。 I’ve dealt with him for ten years. 我和他做生意已经 10 年了。 This book deals with the Middle East. 这本书是关于中东问题的。 He didn’t know what to do with the property his father had left. 他不知道如何处理他父亲 留下的财产。 I can’ do with the loud noise. 我无法忍受那 t 种噪音。 Page No.262 高手过招 单项填空 ①It is said in Australia there is more land than the government knows . (2009·12·贵州贵阳检测) A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it ②He knows to deal with man

but when he meets women, he doesn’t know to do. (原创) A. what; how B. what; what C. how; what D. how; how 解析: ①选 C。what to do (with it)为固定结 构,意为“如何处理??” ,意思等同于 how to deal (with it)。 “疑问词+不定式”作 knows 的宾语。 ②选 C。作“对待,处理”讲时,do with 和 deal with 同义, with 与 how 搭配, with deal do 与 what 搭配。 Page No.263 14. watch over 看守;监视;照看 Could you watch (over) my clothes while I have a swim? 我游泳时你能帮我看着我的衣服吗? He felt that God was watching over him. 他感觉到上帝保佑着他。 watch out (for) 当 心,注意 watch for sb./sth. 观察;等

待 keep a watch on 监视 under the close watch 在严密监视下 Page No.264 高手过招 翻译句子 ①他们等待着进一步的发展。 ②小心!汽车来了。 答 案 : ① They are watching for further developments. ②Watch out! There’s a car coming. Page No.265 重点句型 15. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! 随着时间的推移,我的记忆能力发展得如此 之快,就像一头大象一样,我从来不会忘记 告诉我的任何事情! so ...that ...意为 “如此??以至于??” 。 Page No.266 ②such+ a/an+adj.+单数可数名词

+that-clause adj.+ 复 数 名 词 +that-clause adj.+ 不 可 数 名 词 +that-clause She’s so ill that she can’t get out of bed. 她病得很重,都下不了床了。 These are such interesting books that children like to read them. 这些书很有趣,孩子们喜欢读。 温馨提示 so that 既可以表达结果,又可以表达目的, 表目的时相当于 in order that。 I stopped so that you could catch up. 我停下来以便你能赶得上。 “so ...that ...”结构中的“so+adj./adv.”位于 句首时,主句要倒装。 So hard does he work that he seldom goes home. 他工作那么努力,几乎不回家。 “such ...as ...”中的 as 引导的是一个定语从 句。

Page No.267 高手过招 单项填空 —What a beautiful day! —Yes, it’s that I’d like to take a walk. (2009·12·陕西西安检测) A. such nice weather B. so a nice weather C. too nice weather D. nice weather so 解析:选 A。因为此处 weather 是中心词, 但它为不可数名词,所以不能加冠词。 Page No.268 Unit 4 Wildlife protection Page No.269 核心单词 1. decrease v. 减少; (使)变小;变少 n. 减少;降低;减少的数量,其后常接介词 in/of

Page No.270 联想拓展 decrease (sth.) to/by ... 减少到/了?? increase vi.&vt. 增加;增长;增强 n.增加;增加的数量 increase to/by ...增加到/了?? on the decrease/increase 在减少/增加 易混辨析 reduce/decrease reduce 强调在“数量、大小,程度或强度” 方面下降或减少。 decrease 侧重强调“稳定地,逐渐地,不断 地”减少。 They are making every effort to decrease the production cost. 他们正在尽力降低生产成 本。 The membership decreased to 150. 会员数减少到了 150 人。 The number of students in the class has decreased by 20. 班级里的人数减少了 20 人。 There has been a decrease in our imports.

我们的进口数量减少了。 Page No.271 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①这些措施将有助于降低生产成本。 will help the cost of production. ②人口出生率正在下降。 The birthrate is . 答案:①These measures; decrease ②on the decrease Page No.272 2. suggest vt. 建议;提出(意见、计划、理论等) ;暗 示;表明 常用结构: suggest+doing 建议做?? suggest sb./sb.’s doing sth. 建议某人做某事 (不说 suggest sb. to do sth.) suggest sth. to sb.

向某人提议?? (不能说 suggest sb. sth.) suggest (to sb.)+that 从句(向某人)建议。 (所 接从句用虚拟语气:sb.+should+动词原形, should 可以省略) Page No.273 It is suggested that ... 建议是?? suggest sth. 暗示;表明?? suggest+that 从句 暗示;表明??(从句用 陈述语气) suggest sth. to sb. 使某人想起?? I suggest doing it in another way. 我建议换一种方式做这件事。 They suggested another shop to us. 他们向我们建议了另一家商店。 She suggested that we(should)have lunch at the new restaurant. 她建议我们在那家新开的餐馆吃午餐。 Her expression suggested that she had told a lie. 她的表情表明她撒了谎。 Page No.274 温馨提示

suggestion, advice, proposal 作“建议”讲时, 相关的名词性从句要用虚拟语气。 My suggestion is that we (should) go to the cinema together.我建议我们一块儿去看电 影。(表语从句) It’s suggested that you (should) stay here for another week.建议你在这儿再待一个星期。 (主语从句) He gave me an suggestion that I should go to Shanghai for a holiday.他建议我去上海旅游。 (同位语从句) Page No.275 高手过招 单项填空 His suggestion to see the art exhibition interested everyone of us. (2009·12·山东潍坊检测) A. that we go B. which we should go C. that we would go D. we should go 解析:选 A。不管是 suggest 的何种形式, 在句子中有“建议”之意时,后接的从句必

须用虚拟语气。 Page No.276 3. affect vt. 影响;侵袭;相当于;使感动;激起(悲 伤、愤怒、爱等情绪) 易混辨析 affect/effect/influence affect vt.表示“影响, (病)侵袭” ,多 指不好的影响。当 affect 的宾语是人时,它 表示引起心智或感情上的影响,即“使?? 感动” 。 effect 表示“影响”时,是名词,指由 于某种原因直接产生的结果,常用短语为: have an effect on 对??有影响;in effect 正 在实行;实际上;side effect 副作用;take effect 开始实行;开始生效;without effect 没有效果;come into effect 生效;实施; bring/carry sth. into effect 使??生效;be of no effect 无效果。 Page No.277 influence 多指对人的思想、观念、心理情绪 等内在的东西产生潜移默化的影响,或对人

的决定、行为等造成某种程度的影响。 The disease is beginning to affect her brain. 疾病逐渐侵袭她的大脑。 We are deeply affected by his devotion to work. 他对工作的奉献令我们深受感动。 The book had a great influence on his life. 这本书对他的人生影响很大。 He is, in effect, my rival. 实际上,他是我的 竞争对手。 Page No.278 高手过招 单项填空 Sichuan province by the earthquake,causing difficulties to the post ? festival road transport. (2009·11·陕西西安检测) A. were affected B. was affected C. had effected D. has affected 解析: B。 选 affect 为动词,意思是“影响; 感动” effect 为名词, ; 意思是 “影响; 效果” 。 根据句意选择 B。

Page No.279 4. appreciate vt.欣赏;感激;意识到;体会;理解 appreciate 后可接名词、代词、动名词、名词 性从句等作宾语, 但不能接不定式。 “感 表示 激,感谢”时,其后的宾语只能为“物” , 不能为“人” 其后不直接跟 if 或 when 引导 。 的从句,若语义上需要接这类从句,需借助 it,即:appreciate it if/when ...。 Page No.280 易混辨析 appreciate/thank appreciate 意为“感激,感谢”时的结构为: appreciate (doing) sth. appreciate it if/when ... thank 表示 “感谢” 时的结构为: thank sb. for sth.。 I appreciate your ability very much. 我很欣赏你的能力。 We shall appreciate hearing from you again. 能再次收到你的来信,我们将十分感激。 I appreciate that you have come here so early.

感谢你来得这么早。 I would appreciate it very much if you would help me with it.如果你能帮助我做这件事, 我 将不胜感激。 Page No.281 高手过招 单项填空 I really appreciate to relax with you on this nice island. A. to have had time B. having time C. to have time D. to having time 解析:选 B。考查 appreciate 的搭配。此处 appreciate 意为“欣赏” ,其后不能接动词不 定式作宾语,而只能用名词或动名词形式。 Page No.282 5. mercy n. 仁慈;宽恕;宽容;恩惠;幸运;怜悯 常用结构: at the mercy of sb./sth. 任由某人(某事物) 摆布或控制

have mercy on/upon 对??有怜悯 心 show mercy to sb. 宽恕/怜悯某 人 without mercy 毫不留情 地;残忍地 They showed mercy to their enemies. 他们对敌人很仁慈。 It’s a mercy she wasn’t hurt in the accident. 她在事故中未受伤, 真幸运。 Page No.283 高手过招 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①那只船在暴风雨中失去了控制。 ②可怜可怜我们吧! 答案:①The ship was at the mercy of the storm. ②Have mercy on us! Page No.284 6. hunt vi.&vt.打猎,猎取;搜索

Wolves hunt in packs. 狼是成群猎食的。 Police are hunting an escaped criminal. 警方正在追捕逃犯。 常用结构: hunt for 试图找到(某人/物) hunt after 探求;追求 答案:①I’m hunting for a lost book. ②Many people hunt after fame all their lives but never find it. Page No.285 7. include vt. 包括;包含 include 侧重指范围,其主语和宾语属于同 类,是整体与部分的关系。后面常接名词、 代词、动名词作宾语。 The trip includes a visit to Beijing. 旅行包括到北京参观。 联想拓展 contain vt. 表示“包含,含有;能容纳” ,侧 重指内容或成分,其主语和宾语不属于同 类。

This fruit contains a lot of vitamins. 这个水果含有丰富的维他命。 hold vt. 表示“容纳;盛有??” ;表示“里 面装有??”时可与 contain 互换。 This room can hold 50 people.这间屋子能容 纳 50 人。 Page No.286 高手过招 (1)用 include 的适当形式填空 ① Our group has ten students, Tom . ② We will learn 7 subjects this term, PE. (2)单项填空 Even if they didn’t the cost of food in the tour, it’s still a cheap vacation to the U.S. Hold B. contain C. share D. Include 解析:(1)①included ②including (2) 选 D。 根据句意可知用 “包括”而 contain 。 多用来强调所包含的内容本来就是物体固

有的一部分。 Page No.287 重点短语 8. die out 灭绝;逐渐消失;灭亡 联想拓展 die for 渴望;很想 die to do 渴望;很想 die away(尤指声音、光、风)逐渐消失;停 止 die down (兴奋、 激动等情绪) 渐弱; 渐息; 平息 die off (家族,种族等)相继死亡; (草木) 枯死 die from/of 因??而死; 通常由疾病、 饥寒、 情感原因造成的死亡用 die of,除此之外的原 因用 die from。 Many species will soon die out if we don’t take action. 如果我们不采取行动,许多物种将很快灭 绝。 Many old customs have died out.

许多旧的风俗已不复存在。 Page No.288 高手过招 (1)单项填空 ①This kind of plants are . Some day they will forever. (2009·12·甘肃天水检测) A. dying off;die out B. dying away;die off C. dying down;die out D. dying out;die away ②Unfortunately, the soldier died a wound in the chest. (2009·12·山东德州检测) A. from B. out C. off D. down Page No.289 (2) 用 die 的 相 关 短 语 填 空 (原创) ①The noise of the car in the distance.

②The old traditions are . ③The man a wound. ④I’m something to eat. 解析:(1)①选 A。前面句子用了进行时,表 示正在灭亡,故用 die off。后面表示有一天 会永远消失,故用 die out。 ②选 A。 根据句意此处 soldier 死的原因应该 是胸部受伤。 (2)①died away ②dying out ③died from ④dying for Page No.290 9. protect ...from ... 保护??免受??,后接较小的事情或危 害,如:frost, harm, catching cold。 联想拓展 protect ...against ...后接较大的事情,如:战 争、灾害、重税、威胁等。 keep sb. from doing sth. prevent/stop sb.(from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事 keep sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事 defend ...from/against 保卫??以抵御?? Page No.291

易混辨析 defend/protect/guard/preserve defend 保卫;防护;防守(含有采取措 施抵制进攻的意思) ;protect 常含有提供安 全的方式来驱开不适、伤害或进攻的意思; guard 含有看守的意思;preserve 指采取措 施维护、保护、保存。 You must learn to protect yourself from the danger. 你必须学会保护自己,免遭危险。 She had to defend herself against the guard dog. 她不得不防备看门狗咬她。 A policeman was guarding the entrance to the embassy. 一位警察正守卫在大使馆出口处。 It is one of the duties of the police to preserve public order.警察的职责之一是维持公共秩 序。 Page No.292 高手过招

单项填空 Use the umbrella to yourself from the rain. (原创) A. prevent B. protect C. defend D. protection 解析:选 B。prevent sb. from doing sth.防止 某人干某事,意思类似于 stop/keep sb. from doing sth.;protect sb. from sth.保护某人免遭 伤害;defend 保卫;防护;防守(含有采取 措施抵制进攻的意思) 。 Page No.293 10. pay attention to 注意 联想拓展 bring sth. to one’ attention 使某事引起某人 s 注意 call/draw one’s attention to sth. 使某人注意 某事 draw/catch/attract one’s attention 引起某人 的注意

fix/focus/concentrate one’s attention on sth. 集中注意力于某事物 You should pay attention to your spelling. 你要注意自己的拼写。 Page No.294 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①他的提议没有引起任何注意。 No attention his advice. ②他提醒我注意一些新的证据。 He some new evidence. 答案:①was paid to ②called/drew my attention to Page No.295 11. come into being 形成;产生(不可用于被动语态或进行时) 联想拓展 come into existence 形成;产生;开始存在 come into effect/force/operation 开始生效; 开

始实施 come into use 开始被使用 come into power 上台执政 come into fashion 开始流行 come into office 就职 come into action 开始行动 We do not know when this world came into being. 我们不知道世界是何时形成的。 Page No.296 高手过招 单项填空 Before the computer , people could never imagine it could bring about such great changes to human life. (2009·12·福建龙岩一中检测) A. came into being B. was discovered C. was come into being D. was formed 解析:选 A。句意为:在电脑出现之前,人 们绝不会想到它会给人类的生活带来如此 巨大的变化。 电脑不能说是 “被发现” “被 或 形成”的,排除 B、D 两项。come into being

不能用于被动语态和进行时,排除 C 项,故 选 A。 Page No.297 重点句型 12. Why are they in danger of disappearing? 它们为什么处于灭绝的危险中? 常用结构: in danger (of) 在危险中 be in danger of 有??的危险 be out of danger 脱离危险 The girl’s life was obviously in immediate danger. 很明显,这女孩的生命危在旦夕。 The sick man is in danger of death. 这位病人 有死亡的危险。 The wounded policeman is now out of danger. 受伤的警察已脱离危险。 联想拓展 be a danger to sb./sth. 危险的人/因素 be dangerous for 对??有危险 endanger vt. 危害,危及 endangered adj. 有危险的;濒临灭绝的

Page No.298 高手过招 完成句子 ①他再这样下去会丢掉工作的。 He is losing his job if he goes on like this. ②警察说这个男人对于公众来说是个危险 分子。 The police said the man was the public. 答案: ①in danger of ②a danger to Page No.299 13. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans come into being. 千百万年前,恐龙就在地球上生活,比人类 的出现要早得多。 long before ...在??之前很长一段时间 I knew the news that they were invited to the party, long before you told me. 早在你告诉我之前很久我就知道他们被邀 请来参加晚会的消息了。

答案:They had known each other long before I knew them. Page No.300 Unit 5 Music Page No.301 核心单词 1. attach vt.&vi. 系上;缚上;附加;连接 常用结构: attach ...to ...附上;连接;系上;把??归 于?? attach importance/significance/value to sth. 认为某事物重要/有意义/有重要价值 attach oneself to 依附; 参加(党派等) be attached to 热爱;依恋;附属于 Page No.302 I attached a wire to the radio. 我在收音机上接了一根金属线。 He’ll attach the label to your luggage. 他会把标签系在你的行李上。 How can you attach the blame for this accident to the driver?

你怎么能把这次事故的责任归于司机呢? Although he was seriously ill, he took part in the basketball match because he attached great value to his school sports record. 尽管他病得 很重,他还是参加了学校的篮球比赛,因为 他把学校的体育纪录看得很重。 He is deeply attached to his mother. 他深爱着自己的母亲。 This hospital is attached to the medical college nearby. 这个医院附属于附近的那所医学院。 Page No.303 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①很多人认为成为富人和名人很重要。 Many people attach becoming rich and famous. ②我们要把发展经济的工作放在首位。 (primary) We should attach the development of economy.

答案: ①great importance to ②primary importance to Page No.304 2. form vt. 形成;构成;排列;(使)组成;养成(习 惯) 联想拓展 form 用作名词时的固定搭配: as a matter of form 作为一种形式; 礼貌 上 fill out/in a form 填表格 take the form of ... 采取??的形式 in the form of ... 以??的形式 be in/out of form 处于良好/不良 的竞技状态 易混辨析 form/shape/figure 这三个名词的一般含义为 “形状” “外 或 形” 。 form 是其中最普通、使用范围最广、含 义最多的词。它可以表示哲学上讲的“形 态” ,文艺上的“体裁” ,雕刻艺术中的“形

状” ,以及普通含义的“方式”或“形式” 等。此外,form 也可以表示人或动物的“体 形;外形” 。 Page No.305 shape 可以表示隐约可见的“人影”或“物 影”“几何图形” 、 、人体“外形” 、引人注目 的人物或塑像等。 figure 指物时,侧重指轮廓;指人时, 着重指姿态。 A plan began to form in his mind. 一项计划在他脑海里形成。 One of the most important tasks for parents is to help and promote to form a child’s character. 父母的一个重要任务就是要帮助和促进孩 子个性的形成。 The soldiers formed into a line.士兵们排成一 行。 Flour, eggs, fat and sugar form the main contents of a cake. 面粉、鸡蛋、脂肪和糖是 做蛋糕的主要原料。 This disease takes the form of high fever and

sickness for several days. 这种病呈现持续几 天的发热和呕吐症状。 Page No.306 高手过招 (1)单项填空 This band is of eight boys and girls, including two Japanese. (2009·12·福建泉州检测) A. made B. consist C. attended D. formed (2) 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①老师让学生排成一排。 ②他们正在用陶土做碗。 解析:(1) 选 D。句意为:这支乐队由 8 个 男孩和女孩组成,其中有 2 个是日本人。 “由??组成”可用 be made up of, be formed of 或 consist of 表示。 (2)①The teacher formed the students into a line. ②They are forming bowls from clay. Page No.307

3. brief adj. 简短的;简要的 n. 搞要;大纲 briefly adv. 简要地;短暂地 Mozart’s life was brief.莫扎特的一生是短暂 的。 It’s not part of my brief to train new employees. 培训新雇员不是我工作范围内的事。 常用结构: in brief to be brief 简言之;简单地说;一句话 Page No.308 高手过招 翻译句子 ①请简洁地说。 ②总之,你做得不好。 答案:①Please be brief. ②In brief, your work is bad. Page No.309 4. earn vt. 赚;挣得;获利;赢得;获得

常用结构: earn one’s living=make a living 谋生 earn money= make money 挣钱 earn a good reputation 赢得一个好名声 易混辨析 earn/obtain/acquire/get/gain earn 侧重指依靠自己的劳动或因付出代价, 有功而获得。 obtain 着重指通过巨大努力、要求得到所需 或盼望已久的东西。 Page No.310 acquire 书面用语,强调通过不断地、持续地 努力而获得某物,也指日积月累地获得。 get 一般用语,使用较广。可指以任何方式 得到某物,也不一定要经过努力。 gain 侧重指经过努力或有意识的行动而取得 某种成就,或指获得某种利益或好处。 She earned a living as a part ? time secretary. 她靠做兼职秘书为生。 He failed to obtain a scholarship. 他没有获得奖学金。 (巨大努力、盼望已久

的) His achievement earned him respect. 他的成就赢得人们的尊敬。 (靠自己的劳动) He gained much good. 他得到很多好处。 (利 益或好处) He got the first prize in the listening contest. 他在听力比赛中获得了一等奖。 (使用较广) Page No.311 高手过招 单项填空 The day I discovered that the good name my parents had brought our whole family the respect of our neighbours. (2009·12·福建福州检测) earned B. deserved C. given D. Used 解析:选 A。按照句意,此处应为“赢 得”的意思。earn 的宾语可以是 name, fame, reputation, position 等。 Page No.312 5. hit

n. (演出等)成功;打击;打 vt.&vi. 击中;碰撞;袭击; (精神上)打击; 使突然想起 常用结构: hit it 猜中,说对了 hit on/upon 偶然碰上;偶然找到;偶然想 起 be/make a hit (with sb.) (给某人)留下很好的第一印象;使某人一 见钟情 Page No.313 易混辨析 hit/strike/beat hit 用于表示“命中,击败” 。 strike 指有意识的动作,也可以 指无意识的动作,可能是用力地打一下,也 可能是多下。敲钟必须用 strike。 beat 指有目的地在某物上连续 不断地击打、轻打、重打都可以。如:心脏 的跳动。 Her new series is a smash hit. 她的新系列节目极为成功,引起轰动。

The farmers were hit hard by the drought last winter. 去年冬天久旱不雨,农民受到严重打击。 It hit me all of a sudden that he had already come back. 我突然想到他已经回来了。 Page No.314 高手过招 单项填空 The song was a at once and its recording tape rose to No.1 on the best-seller list. (2009·12·江西玉山检测) shock B. strike C. hit D. beat 解析:选 C。按照句意此处表示“ (演出等 方面)成功” 。 Page No.315 6. performance n. [C]演出;演奏;表演;成绩;成果; 表现

[U]履行;实行;完成 常用结构: put on a performance 上演;表演 give a performance 进行表演 The evening performance begins at 8 o’clock. 晚上的演出 8 点开始。 He failed completely in the performance of his duty. 他完全没有履行他的职责。 Our basketball team’s performance has been excellent. 我们篮球队的表现一向优异。 联想拓展 perform v. 履行,执行,做;表演,演出; 工作运转(好/不好) The engine seems to be performing well. 这台机器看上去运转良好。 perform an experiment 做实验 perform an operation 做手术 perform a ceremony 出席仪式 Page No.316 高手过招

单项填空 It was known to him that they would invite him to in the New Year’s Concert. (2009·12·江西安福中学检测) perform B. reach C. attain D. accomplish 解析:选 A。动词 perform 此处用作不及 物动词,意为“表演;演出;演奏” ,其他 三个词意为“达到;完成” ,不符合句意。 Page No.317 7. familiar adj. 熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 联想拓展 get/be familiar with 主语通常是人, “熟 表示 知某人/某事” 。 be familiar to 主语一般为物,表示“ (对某 人来说)某物是很熟悉的(事物)。 ” Are you familiar with this type of car? 你熟悉这种型号的汽车吗? Are you familiar with the rules of baseball? 你熟悉棒球的规则吗?

These facts are familiar to you all. 这些事实你们大家都很熟悉。 French was as familiar to him as English. 他像熟悉英语那样熟悉法语。 Page No.318 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①我可以当你的导游,因为我对这个地方非 常熟悉。 I can be your guide because I this area. ②他的名字是我所熟悉的,但是我想如果我 再看到他,恐怕认不出来了。 His name me, but I don’t think I can recognize him if I see him again. 答案: ①am familiar with ②is familiar to Page No.319 重点短语 8. dream of 梦想

常用结构: dream of/about (doing) sth. 梦见做?? dream of/about sb./sth 梦见某人/某物 dream one’s life away 虚度光阴 dream a ...dream 做??梦 I dreamt about flying last night. 昨夜我梦见自己在飞翔。 Was it real or did I dream it? 是真的还是我当时在做梦呢? Page No.320 高手过招 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①她虚度一生, 一事无成。 ②我梦见自己能飞翔。 答案: ①She dreamt her life away, never really achieved anything. ②I dreamt (that) I could fly. Page No.321 9. to be honest(with you) 老实(对你)说 联想拓展

honestly speaking 老实说;实话实说 to tell the truth 说实话;老实说 To be honest, I don’t like him very much. 老实说,我并不是很喜欢他。 We don’ have a chance of winning the match, t to be honest. 说实话,我们没有赢得这场比 赛的可能。 Page No.322 高手过招 单 句 改 错 (原创) ①To be honesty, it is the worst film I have ever seen. ② Honest speaking, you are the most hardworking person I have ever seen. 答 案 : ① honesty → honest ② Honest → Honestly Page No.323 10. break up 解散;驱散;分裂;拆散;结束;使精神垮 掉

联想拓展 break away from 摆脱;脱离 break down 机器出故障;崩溃; 瓦解 break in 破门而入;插嘴 break into the house 破门而入 break one’s promise/word 食言 break out 战争、火灾等爆发 break into laughter 突然大笑 break through 突破;穿过 break off the conversation/relations 中断交谈/ 关系 The police tried to break up the crowd. 警察试图驱散人群。 The car is always breaking down.这辆车老是 出毛病。 Children shouldn’t break in on adults’ conversation. 小孩子不要打断大人们的谈话。 Page No.324 高手过招 单项填空 The couple had quarrelled all time before they

their engagement. (2009·12·安徽合肥一中检测) A. broke down B. broke through C. broke off D. broke out 解析: C。 选 句中 quarrel 暗示了 “中断婚约” 。 break off the conversation/relations 中断交谈/ 关系。 Page No.325 11. above all 首先;尤其;最重要的是 联想拓展 above all 是从事物的重要性上说的“首先, 最重要的是” 。 first of all 是从事物的排列顺序上说的“第 一” 。 in all 表示“总共;总而言之” 。 after all 表示“毕竟” 。 all in all 从各方面考虑;总的来说 not at all 不用谢 all long 一直,始终

Never waste anything, and above all, never waste time. 不要浪费东西,尤其是不要浪费时间。 Page No.326 高手过招 单项填空 —Would you like to see a film with me? —I’d love to, but I cannot; , I am busy. For another, I don’t want to go out today. (2009·11·江苏扬州检测) A. for one thing B. for example C. for another thing D. above all 解析: A。 选 从空后的 for another 可知答案。 for one thing, ...for another 为固定搭配, 意思 是“一方面??,另一方面??” 。 Page No.327 12. sort out 分类;整理 常用结构: sort sth./oneself out 解决(某个/自己的问题

等) We must sort out the good apples from the bad ones. 咱们得把好苹果拣出来, 同坏的分开。 Let’s leave them to sort themselves out. 他们的事儿让他们自己解决吧。 联想拓展 look out 当心 pick out 挑选出 sell out 卖光 put out 扑灭 wear out 穿坏 carry out 执行 take out 取出 try out 试试 find out 查明 be/go out 外出,熄灭 Page No.328 高手过招 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①我需要先安顿一下, 然后再去找新的工

作。 ②这个房间需要收拾一下。 答案:①I need to sort my life/myself out a bit before I start looking for a new job. ②This room needs sorting out. Page No.329 重点句型 13. Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends. 一些不认识他们的人也在不断地讨论他们 的私生活,而且就像是他们的密友一样在谈 论他们。 as if/though “好像,似乎” ;可引导状语从 句。 作连词时,后可跟从句、分词、形容词等, 引导从句时常用虚拟语气,表示与事实不符 或相反的情况。 与现在事实不符或相反,谓语动词常用一般 过去时(be 动词用 were); 与过去事实不符或相反,谓语动词常用过去 完成时;

有时不接从句,而接分词、形容词、副词, 不定式、介词短语等,可以看成是省略的句 子。 He spoke in that way as if he were a foreigner. 他讲话的方式就好像是老外。 Page No.330 高手过招 单项填空 He held his pen as if he what to write. (2009·12·山东莱州检测) A. has known B. had known C. knew D. known 解析:选 B。由主句是一般过去时可推出 从句虚拟语气为过去完成时。 Page No.331 14. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own

songs like a real band. 然而,大约一年以后,他们对自己的工作开 始逐渐认真起来。 “门基”组合开始像一支 真正的乐队那样演唱他们自己的歌曲了。 in which 此处引导定语从句修饰 a year or so, 可换成 when,“介词+关系代词 which”大多 可转换成关系副词来引导定语从句。 I shall never forget the day on which (=when) we moved into our new house. 我将永远不会忘记我们搬进新居的那一天。 Page No.332 高手过招 翻译句子 ①那起交通事故就是在这里发生的吗? ②我们不知道她为什么没来参加聚会。 答案: ①Is this the place at which (=where) the traffic accident occurred? ②We don’ know the reason for which (=why) t she didn’t come to the party. Page No.333 必修 3 Page No.334

Unit 1 Festivals around the world Page No.335 核心单词 1. starve vt.&vi. (使)饿死;饥饿;渴望,急需;饿得 要死 She ? s starving herself trying to lose weight. 她为了减肥而忍饥挨饿。 常用结构: starve for 渴望得到?? starve to death 饿死 be starved of 极需,缺乏 starve sb. into sth./ doing sth.使某人挨饿以迫 使其做某事 The plants are starving for water.这些植物极 需要水。 They got lost in the desert and starved to death. 他们在沙漠中迷了路而被饿死了。 The engine was starved of petrol and wouldn’t start. 发动机缺油,发动不起来。

Page No.336 联想拓展 starvation n. 挨饿;饿死 高手过招 (1)单项填空 Many people death in the earthquake as a result of the delay of the supplies.(2009· 陕 12· 西西安检测) A. were starved of B. starved to C. were starved D. starved for (2)用 starve 相关短语的适当形式填空 (原 创) ①Thousands of people in Africa. ②These children are love. ③The people on the island fresh water since it hadn’t rained for nearly half a year. 解析: (1)选 B。starve to death 为固定搭配, 意为 “饿死”符合句意。 starved of 与 starve , be for 均为“渴望”之意。 (2)①starved to death/died of starvation ②starving for③were starved of

Page No.337 It is my belief that ...我相信?? He has great belief in his doctor.他对他的医 生无比信赖。 She has lost her belief in God.她已不相信上 帝。 高手过招 用 brief 相关短语的适当形式填空 ①He came to me I could help him. ② that nuclear weapons are immoral. ③The cruelty of the murders was . 答案: ①in the belief that②It is my belief ③beyond belief 2. belief n. \[C/U\] 信任;信仰,信心 believe vi.&vt. 相信 常用结构: have belief in sth./sb. 对某物/某人的真实性 和正确性所具有的信心 beyond belief 难以置信 in the belief that ... 相信?? Page No.338

3. gain n. 获得;增加;获利,获得物;收益;利润 vt. 得到;获得,赢得,增加,增添,到达; (钟、表等)快 He gained full marks in the examination.他考 试得了满分。 For the first time in her life she gained a clear idea of how vast the world is. 她生平第一次明确地知道世界是多么大。 The company has made notable gains in productivity. 该公司在生产能力方面已经有了明显的提 高。 My watch gains five minutes a day.我的表一 天快 5 分钟。 易混辨析 gain/win/get/earn/acquire gain 指在斗争,竞争中做出很大努力而“获 得??” ,所得到的东西常具有一定价值。 win 含有取胜的一方具有优越的特质或条件 而能克服各种障碍的意思,意为“赢得” 。 get 为普通词,有时指不一定需要努力就能

“得到” 。 earn 意为“赚得” ,表示经过艰苦努力所得 到的报酬。 acquire 意为“获得,取得” ,一般指通过漫 长的过程而逐渐获得。 Page No.339 高手过招 选 词 填 空 ( beat/defeat/conquer/win ) (原创) ①I’m new in the job but I have already experience. ②Please me a glass of water. ③ His perseverance him many friends and a gold medal. ④ He up to $50,000 a year by writing stories. ⑤After six years’ study, he has a good knowledge of English. 答案: ①gained②get③has won④earns⑤ acquired 4. award vt. 授予,奖给(后多接双宾语,在多数场合

下用被动形式 be awarded);判定 n.奖,奖品;奖金 Medals were awarded to the best speakers on the debating team. 奖章授给了辩论队中的最佳演说者。 He got the highest award in the contest. 他得到了比赛的最高奖。 Page No.340 易混辨析 award/prize/reward award 既可作动词也可作名词,指为鼓励在 工作中达到或完成所提出的要求或条件的 人而进行的奖励,往往强调荣誉而不在乎奖 品的大小或奖金的多少。 prize 为名词,多指在各类竞赛、竞争或抽彩 中所赢得的奖。这种奖赏有的凭能力获得, 有的凭运气获得。 reward 既可作动词也可作名词,指对某人的 工作或服务等的报答。也指因帮助警察抓到 罪犯或帮助失主找到东西而得到的赏金、酬 金。 He won the award for the best student of the

year. 他获得本年度最优秀学生奖。 A prize was given to the person who had the winning number.奖品奖给了那个获得中奖号 码的人。 He received a medal as a reward for his courage. 他得到一枚奖章,作为对他勇敢的奖励。 Page No.341 高手过招 单项填空 Three university departments have been $600,000 to develop good practice in teaching and learning.(2009·12·江苏泰兴检测) A.Promoted B.included C.Secured D.awarded 解析:选 D。考查词义辨析。promote 促进, 提升;include 包括;secure 保证,使安全; award 授予,奖给。根据句意“被奖励了 600,000 美元”可知,D 项正确。

5. admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕。其后可接人或物作 宾语,但不可以接宾语从句作宾语。 admiration n. 赞美,钦佩;令人赞美的人或 物 admirer n. 钦佩者;羡慕者 admire sb. for sth. 因某事钦佩或羡慕某人 express admiration for sb. 对某人表示钦佩 have great admiration for sb. 十分钦佩某人 Page No.342 in admiration of 表示钦佩 with/in admiration 心怀钦佩地 They admired our garden.他们羡慕我们的花园。 I admire him for his success in business. 我羡慕他事业有成。 Aren ? t you going to admire my new house? 你难道不想夸夸我的新房子吗? 联想拓展 warn sb. of sth.警告某人某事 rob sb. of sth.抢劫某人某物 rid sb. of sth.使某人摆脱/除去某物 suspect sb. of sth.怀疑某人某事

accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人某事 demand answer of sb.要求某人答复 ask a favour of sb.请某人帮忙 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ① Stop looking in the mirror (自我欣赏). ② Visitors to Beijing usually (钦佩那里的警察). Page No.343 ③Our school is widely (羡 慕) its excellent teaching . 答 案 : ① admiring yourself ② admire the policemen there ③admired for 6. remind vt. 提醒;使想起 常用结构: remind sb. of/about sth. 提醒某人记住/想起 某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

remind sb. that ...提醒某人/使某人想起?? I reminded Gerald of his promise.我提醒吉罗 德他曾许下的诺言。 Please remind me to write to my mother tomorrow. 请提醒我明天给我母亲写信。 高手过招 翻 译 句 子 (原创) ①这些照片使我想起我的童年。 Page No.344 ②请提醒我每天服三次药。 答案: ①These photos remind me of my childhood. ②Please remind me to take my medicine three times a day. /Please remind me that I should take my medicine three times a day. 7. permission n. \[U\]许可,允许 permit vt. 准许,许可,允许 n. 许可(证) ;执照 常用结构:

with/without (one ? s) permission 得到允许/ 未经允许 ask sb. for permission 征求某人的许可 give sb. permission to do sth. 允许某人做某 事 have one ? s permission 得到某人的同意 Page No.345 高手过招 完成句子 ① They entered the area (未经允许). ② You will need to obtain planning (许可证) if you want to extend your house. 答案: ①without permission②permission 8. clothing n. (总称)衣服,服装\[U\] Check your belongings and make sure you don ? t leave your articles of clothing behind. 检查你的行李,不要丢下衣物。 Food, clothing and shelter are everyone ? s priorities. 衣食住行是每一个人优先考虑的事情。

易错辨析 clothing/clothes/cloth clothing 是衣服、被褥的总称,为不可数名 词; clothes 指包括上衣、裤子、内衣、外衣等在 内的具体的衣服,它没有单数形式,只能说 many/some/a few clothes; cloth 则指做衣服所 用的布料,为不可数名词。 Page No.346 高手过招 选词填空(clothing/clothes/cloth) ①The industry in this area has been going from strength to strength. ②It’s cold outside. You’d better put on more . ③How much does it take to make a blouse for a girl? 答案:①clothing②clothes③cloth 重点短语 9. take place 发生;举行 In the meantime, an economic crisis took place

in that country. 在此期间那个国家发生了经济危机。 The Olympic Games take place every four years. 奥林匹克运动会每四年举行一次。 联想拓展 take one ? s place=take the place of ...代 替?? take the first place 获得第一名 in place of 代替 Page No.347 易错辨析 take place/happen/break out/occur take place 通常表示计划、安排之内的“发 生” 。 happen 指事情偶然的发生, 常带有未能预见 的含义;另外,还有“碰巧”之意。 break out 指火灾、战争或瘟疫的突然爆发。 occur 指按计划发生,常指(某想法、某事) 出 现 在 某 人 的 头 脑 中 。 常 见 结 构 : It occurs/occurred to sb. that 表示“某人想起某 事” 。

It occurred to me that I had forgotten my keys. 我想起了我忘了带钥匙。 高手过招 完 成 句 子 (原创) ①It was in the church that their wedding (举行). ② Will you attend the meeting (代替) me? ③ (请 就座), please! We ? re ready to start. ④ It ’ s hard to find a man to (代替) the present manager. ⑤ Liu Xiang (获得第一名) in the 110m hurdle race. Page No.348 答案:①took place②in place of③Take your place/seat ④take the place of⑤took the first place 10. in memory of =to the memory of 纪念;追念 Many ceremonies are in memory of famous

people. 很多典礼是为了纪念名人的。 The statue was built in memory of the famous scientist. 这个雕像是为了纪念那位有名的科学家而 建的。 联想拓展 in honour of 为了纪念??;向??表示敬 意 in praise of 歌颂;称赞 in favour of 赞同, 支持 in charge of 负责 in need of 需要;缺少 in search of 寻找 in possession of 拥有 Page No.349 高手过招 (1)单项填空 This monument was built the little hero. (2009·12·陕西咸阳检测) A. in place of B. in search of

C. in memory of D. in need of (2)用由“in+n.+of”构成的短语填空(原 创) ①A monument was set up (纪 念) the dead soldiers. ②He founded the charity (兴办那项慈善事业) (怀念) his late wife. ③If you are ( 需要) anything, don’t hesitate to let me know. ④ In the discussion, I was (支持) Mr Li. 解析: (1)选 C。考查短语辨析。句意为: 这座纪念碑是为纪念那位小英雄而建的。in place of 代替;in search of 搜寻;in memory of 为纪念??;in need of 需要。 (2)①in memory/honour of②in memory of ③in need of④in favour of Page No.350 11. dress up dress 作“打扮自己或打扮某人”讲,与介词 as/like 连用或用于 dress up as sb./dress up for sth.结构。

We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party, what a novel idea! 我们在晚会上要装扮成电影中的角色,这是 一个多么新奇的主意啊! They dress up for the occasion. 为了参加这个活动,他们都穿上了盛装。 She dress up in Elizabethan costume for the fancy ? dress ball. 她穿上伊丽莎白一世时代的服装去参加化 装舞会。 联想拓展 be dressed in 穿着??衣服 be dressed as 打扮成 be well dressed 衣着讲究 dress oneself 穿衣,打扮 dress sb. 给某人穿衣服高手过招 Page No.351 高手过招 单项填空 in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. (2009·12·江西赣州检测)

A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 解析:选 A。be dressed in ...穿着??的衣服, 表示一种状态。 12. play a trick/tricks on sb. 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 The children played a trick on their teacher on April Fool’s Day. 孩子们在愚人节那天捉弄了他们的老师。 Remember not to play any tricks on the disabled. 记住不要戏弄残疾人。 联想拓展 play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑 make fun of sb. 取笑某人 laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 Page No.352 smile at sb. 向某人微笑 make a fool of 愚弄;嘲笑 高手过招 用 适 当 的 介 词 填 空 (原创)

①Tom liked making fun others in public. ② It ’ s bad manners to laugh the disabled. ③ These boys like playing tricks their teacher. ④He smiled me when he heard my funny answer. 答案:①of②at③on④at 13. look forward to 期待某事/做某事(to 为介词, 后接名词或动 名词) We should look forward to the futurity. 我们应该展望未来。 I am familiar with his work and look forward to hearing his views on literary and artistic creation. 我熟悉他的作品,并期待他能就文艺创作方 面发表自己的见解。 Page No.353 联想拓展 带有介词“to”的短语可用下面这两句话帮

助记忆: 习惯于旧方式的人坚持反对新事物,这样导 致许多献身于科学的人被宣判为大逆不道。 不喜欢这种事实的人谈到此事时,总期待着 增添自己的努力使它开始改变。 习惯于 be (get) used to,坚持 stick to,反对 object to, 导致 lead to, 献身于 be devoted to, 被宣判为 be sentenced to,喜欢 prefer...to, 谈到 come to,

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