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最新(2013 秋)人教版八年级上册英语知识点 Unit1 Where did you go on vacation? 单词 anyone ['eniw?n] pron.任何人 anywhere ['eniwe?(r)] adv.任何地方 n.任何(一个)地方 wonderful ['w?nd?fl] adj.精彩的;极好的 few [fju?] adj.很少的;n.少量 most [m??st] adj.最多的;大多数的; something ['s?mθ??] pron.某事物; nothing(=not…anything) ['n?θ??] myself [ma?'self] pron.我自己 everyone ['evriw?n] pron.每人;人人 yourself [j??'self] pron.你自己;你亲自 hen [hen] n.母鸡;雌禽 bored [b??d] adj.无聊的;厌烦的;郁闷的 pig n.猪 diary ['da??ri] n.日记;日记簿(keep a diary) seem [si?m] vi.似乎;好像 someone ['s?mw?n] pron.某人;有人 quite a few 相当多;不少(后接可数名词) of course [?vk??s] 当然 activity [?k't?v?ti] n.活动;活跃 decide [d?'sa?d] v.决定;选定(decide to do sth.) try [tra?] v.尝试;设法;努力 bird [b??d] n.鸟;禽 paragliding ['p?r?ɡla?d??] n.空中滑翔跳伞 bicycle ['ba?s?kl] n.自行车 building ['b?ld??] n.建筑物 trader ['tre?d?(r)] n.商人;商船 wonder ['w?nd?(r)] v.惊奇;想知道;怀疑 difference ['d?fr?ns] n.差异;不同 top [t?p] n.顶部;顶 wait [we?t] v.等;等待(wait for) umbrella [?m'brel?] n.伞;雨伞 (try to do sth. /try doing sth.) pron.没有什么 n.没有

wet [wet] adj.湿的;雨天的 below [b?'l??] prep.低于;在...下面 adv.在下面 as [?z] conj.如同;像...一样 enough [?'n?f] adj.足够的 adv.足够地;充分地 duck [d?k] n.鸭肉;鸭 hungry(反 full) ['h??ɡri] adj.饥饿的;渴望的 feel like(doing sth.)想要 dislike [d?s'la?k] v.不喜欢;厌恶 重点短语 1. go on vacation 去度假 2.stay at home 待在家里 3.go to the mountains 去爬山 4. go to the beach 5. visit museums 7.quite a few 8.study for 9.go out 出去 大部分时间 尝起来很好吃 玩得高兴 当然 给??的感觉;感受到 去购物 6. go to summer camp 去海滩 参观博物馆 去参加夏令营 相当多 为??而学习 n.不喜爱;厌恶;反感

10.most of the time 11. taste good 13. of course 14.feel like 15.go shopping 12.have a good time

16.in the past 在过去 17. walk around 四处走走 18. because of 因为 19. one bowl of? 一碗?? 20. the next day 第二天 查明 21. drink tea 喝茶 22. find out 找出; 23. go on 继续 24.take photos 照相 重要的事 25. something important

26. up and down 上上下下 27. come up 出来 为某人买某物 28. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 29. taste + adj. 尝起来?? 30. look+adj. 看起来?? 31.nothing?but+动词原形 32.seem+(to be)+ adj. 除了??之外什么都没有 看起来?? 到达某地

33. arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 34.decide to do sth. 决定去做某事 35. try doing sth. 36. try to do sth. 38. forget to do sth. 尝试做某事 / 尽力去做某事 忘记做过某事/ 忘记做某事

37. forget doing sth.

39. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 40. want to do sth. 想去做某事 41. start doing sth. 开始做某事 42. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 43. dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事 44. keep doing sth. 45. Why not do. sth.? 46. so+adj.+that+从句 继续做某事 为什么不做??呢? 如此??以至于??

47. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 48 .have a good time=enjoy oneself=have fun(doing sth.)玩得痛快 三、重点句子: 1. Where did you go on vacation? 2. Long time no see. 3. Did you go anywhere interesting? 大多数时间我只呆在家里看书和放松。 5. Everything was excellent. 7. How did you like it? 一切都很棒。 我给我爸爸买了些东西。 你觉得它怎么样? 6. I bought something for my father. 你去哪儿度假的? 好久不见。 你去有趣的地方了吗?

4. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.

8. I arrived at Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早晨我和家人到达马来西亚槟城。

9. For lunch, we had something very special. ??但是许多旧的建筑物还在那里。


10. ?but many of the old buildings are still there. 11. My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today. 今天我和爸爸决定去槟城山。 12. And because of the bad weather , we couldn’t see anything below. 并且因为糟糕的天气,我们看不见下面的任何东西。 语法: 复合不定代词或副的构成及用法 构成:由 some, any, no, every 分别加上-body, -thing, -one 构成的不定代词叫做合成不 定代词;加上-where 构成副词。 用法: (1)合成不定代词在句中可以作主语,宾语或表语等。 Nobody will listen to him. He wants something to eat. (2)不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。 There is nothing wrong with the TV. Everybody likes reading. (3)some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中; any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句中。 但 some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。 Someone is calling me. There isn’t anyone else there. Is anybody over there? Could you give me something to eat? (4)形容词修饰不定代词时,通常要放在不定代词之后。 There is something delicious on the table. (5)somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere 用作副词。 Flowers come out everywhere. 注:① 形容词修饰不定代词要后置:anything special ② 不定代词做主语时谓语用单数. 巩固练习: 用不定代词或不定副词填空: 1. I can’t hear anything = I can hear _________. 2. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up. 3. Did ________ go to play basketball with you ?

4. I phoned you last night, but ________ answered it. 5. Maybe __________ put my pencil _________. I can’t find it ___________. 单选 1. No one ________ how to do it. A.know 2. Everything_____OK, isn’t it? A. important something C. boring something A. was B. knows C. knowing D. knew B. are C. and D. is

3. There’s________in the newspaper. You should read it. B. something boring D. something important.

1. arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. (翻译)___________________________________ arrive 为不及物动词,意为____, arrive in 到达+大地方(国家 省 市) arrive at 到达+小地方(机场 商店等) get to 到达+地方 reach 到达+地方 The Smiths_____ New York at 8:00 last night. A.arrived at B. got to C.reach D.arrived 2. so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. (翻译)_____________ 3. decide 为及物动词,意为决定,决心。决定做某事:____________. 4. My sister and I tried paragliding. (翻译)____________________ try to do sth.意为______________; try doing sth. 意为________________ We shouldn’t try _______(study) English, we should try ________(study) English. 5.I felt like I was a bird.(翻译)_______ _________________________. feel like 意为_____后常接_____.另外 feel like 还意为_____ Do you feel like a cup of tea? 6.I wonder what life was like here in the past.(翻译)_____________ wonder 为及物动词,意为“想知道” ,后常接疑问词(who, what, why)引导的从句。 I wonder _____ you are doing.(我想知道你正在做什么。) 6.What a difference a day makes! 感叹句,结构为 What +名词+主语+谓语! 补充:________________________________________________ 7. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people.

________ 为等候 ,后接人或物。 ________为太多,后接可数名词复数; ________+不可数名词(money); ________为太?后接形容词或副词(big) 8 .My father didn’t bring enough money. Enough 后可接________________,其形式分别为_________;_____________。 (1) want to do sth. 想要做某事 (2) want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 (3) would like to do sth. 想要做某事 (4) (2) decide to do sth. 决定做某事 (5) decide on 决定某事 课后练习 一、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. I didn’t find ______ ( someone ) there. 2. Is there _______( something ) important in today’s newspaper? 3. Look! There is _______ ( anybody ) at home. The light is on. 4. Amy _______ ( meet ) a famous actor yesterday. 5. There _______ ( be ) forty-five students in our class last term. 6. Miss Green ________ ( come ) to China in 2008. 7. Little Tom _______ ( be ) here a moment ago. 8. She _________ ( buy ) a new bag yesterday. 二、单项选择 ( A. Did ( A. have A. was on A. told A. go go A. Are aren’t )1. ----_____ you ______ to the movies? ---- Yes, I did. went B. Did go B. has B. were on B. did B. go went B. Were wasn’t C. Are went ------ Great! We _______ a picnic in the park. C. had ( C. was at ( C. has told ( C. went go ( ) ) ---- No, there ______. ) ) ) )2. ----- How was your weekend?

3. Mrs Green with her little daughter _______ at home ______ that rainy night. 4. --- Who told you to clean the windows? 5. ---- Do you always _______ to the zoo? 6. ---- ______ there any koalas in the zoo last year? C. Were weren’t ( ---Miss Wang ______ ----- Yes, I ______ yesterday.

7.----- Did you go with ______? A. someone A. something 三、句型转换 B. anyone B. some things 8. ----- Did you buy ______ special?

------ Yes, I did. C. somebody ( C. anything ) ----- No, I didn’t.

1.Lucy played computer games yesterday. ( 改为一般疑问句 ) ______ Lucy _____ computer games yesterday? 2.We went to the Palace Museum. ( 对划线部分提问 ) _______ ______ you ______? 3.There was someone here just now. ( 改为否定句 ) ___________________________________________ . 4.She played volleyball just now. ( 改为否定句 ) She _______ ________ 5.volleyball just now. They ate a lot of ice cream. ( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ ________ they ________? 6.My vacation was pretty good. ( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ _______ your vacation? Monday, July 15th I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. It was sunny and hot, so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. My sister and I tried paragliding. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! For lunch, we had something very special—Malaysian yellow noodles. They were delicious! In the afternoon, we rode bicycles to Georgetown. There are a lot of new buildings now, but many of the old buildings are still there. In Weld Quay, a really old place in Georgetown, we saw the houses of the Chinese traders from 100 years ago. I wonder what life was like here in the past. I really enjoyed walking around the town. Tuesday, July 16th What a different a day makes! My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today. We wanted to walk up to the top, but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train. We waited over and hour for the train because there were too many people. When we got to the top, it was raining really hard. We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet

and cold. It was terrible. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below. My father didn’t bring enough money, so we only had one bowl of rice and some fish. The food tasted great because I was so hungry! 不规则动词过去式: am,is-was give-gave eat-ate make-made drink-drank, sweep-swept bring--brought, begin-began, forget-forgot lose-lost, speak-spoke, are-were, get-got, take-took read-read, fly-flew, buy-bought, can-could, draw-drew hear-heard meet-met, take-took do-did, go-went run-ran, write-wrote ride-rode, swim-swam, cut-cut feel-felt keep-kept leave-left, read-read, teach-taught , see-saw, come-came sing-sang, draw-drew speak-spoke, sit-sat, become-became, find-found know-knew, let-let, sleep-slept, tell-told, wake-woke say-said have-had, put-put,



How often do you exercise?

housework ['ha?sw??k] n.家务劳动 hardly ['hɑ?dli] adv.几乎不;简直不;刚刚 ever ['ev?(r)] adv.曾经;在任何时候 once [w?ns] adv.一次;曾经 twice [twa?s] adv.两倍;两次 Internet ['?nt?net] n.因特网 program ['pr??ɡr?m] n.节目;程序;课程;节目单 full [f?l] adj.满的;充满的;完全的 swing [sw??] n.摇摆;秋千 v.摇摆;旋转 maybe ['me?bi] adv.或许;也许;可能 swing dance 摇摆舞 least [li?st] adj.最小的;最少的 at least 至少 hardly ever 很少;几乎从不;难得 junk n.垃圾;废旧杂物

coffee ['k?fi] n.咖啡;咖啡色 health [helθ] n.健康;人的身体或精神状态 result [r?'z?lt] .结果;后果 percent [p?'sent] adj.百分之...的 online [??n'la?n] adj.在线的 adv.在线地 television ['tel?v??n] n.电视机;电视节目 although [??l'? ??] conj.虽然;尽管;然而;可是 through [θru?] prep.穿过;凭借;一直到 body ['b?di] n.身体 mind [ma?nd] .头脑;想法;意见;心思 such [s?t?] adj.这样的;如此的 together [t?'ɡe? ?(r)] adv.共同;一起 die [da?] v.死;枯竭;消失 writer ['ra?t?(r)] n.作者;作家 dentist ['dent?st] n.牙科医生 magazine ['m?ɡ?zi?n] n.杂志 however [ha?'ev?(r)] adv.然而;无论如何;不管多么 than [? ?n] conj.比 almost ['??lm??st] adv.几乎;差不多 none [n?n] pron.没有人;没有任何东西,毫无 less [les] adj.更少的;较少的 point [p??nt] n.看法;要点;重点;小数点;目标;分数 重点短语 such as 例如;诸如 junk food n.垃圾食品;无营养食品 more than 超过;多于;不仅仅;非常 less than 不到;少于 help with housework 帮助做家务 how often 多久一次 once a week 每周一次 every day 每天 go to the movies 去看电影 swing dance 摇摆舞 on weekends 在周末 hardly ever 几乎从不 twice a month 每月两次 be free 有空 use the Internet play tennis 用互联网 打网球

stay up late


at least 至少 上舞蹈课和钢琴课 be good for 对??有好处 not?at all 一点儿也不?? the most popular 最受欢迎的 old habits die hard 积习难改 morn than 多于;超过 帮助某人做某事 想让某人做某事 help sb. with sth. want sb. to do sth. ??有多少???

have dance and piano lessons go to bed early 早点睡觉 play sports 进行体育活动 go camping 去野营

in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间 such as 比如;诸如 go to the dentist 去看牙医 less than 少于 How about?? ......怎么样? How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? spend time with sb. ask sb. about sth. by doing sth. the best way to do sth. 三.重点语法 (一) 重点句型 1.-----What do you usually do on weekends? (1) on weekends/on the weekend 在周末 (2) go to the movies 去看电影 (3) 第一个 do 助动词 2. hardly ever 几乎从不 再使用其他否定词。 E.g. She hardly eats anything. 辨析: hardly 和 hard hardly 意为“几乎不” (1) The ground is too (2) I can (3) It's raining to dig ,the people can understand them. It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的??的。 向某人询问某事 通过做某事


What’s your favorite??? 你最喜爱的??是什么? 做某事的最好方式

-----I often go to the movies.

第二个 do 实意动词 hardly ever 相当于 hardly, ever 起强调作用。

hardly 为副词,意为“几乎不没有) ” ,相当于 almost not,本身具有否定含义,不能

hard 作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的” ;

hard 作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地” 。

go outside.

3. ----How often do you watch TV? (2) twice a week 一周两次 拓展: 一次 once 三次或三次以上 两次 twice

----Twice a week.

(1) how often 意为“多久一次,多长时间一次” ,用来提问频率。

基数词+ times three times four times

4. What's your favorite program? = What program do you like best? 你最喜欢的节目是什么? 5. How come?怎么回事?怎么会? 述语序。 How come you didn't tell me about it? = Why you didn't tell me about it? 6. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我也许一个月去看一次电影。 maybe 副词,意为“或许,大概,可能” ,常位于句首。 E.g. Maybe he knows the way to the park. 辨析:maybe 与 may be 于句首。 (2) The woman (1) The baby is crying maybe 副词,作状语,意为“或许,大概,可能” ,常位 she is hungry. a teacher . may be 属于“情态动词+be 动词”结构,意为“可能是” 。 表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用, 也可引导一个问句。 相当于疑问词 why。 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍是陈

7. Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. ask ab. about sth. 询问某人某事 8. We all know that many students often go online, but we were surprised that ninety percent of them use the Internet every day. The other ten percent use it at least three or four times a week. 我们都知道许多学生经常上网,但是让我们感到惊讶的是 90%的学 生每天都上网,而另外 10%的学生一周至少上网达三至四次。 (1) other: adj. 其他的+名词 the other: adj. 其他的+名词(在特定的范围内) one?the other? 一个??另一个 E.g. One of them is blue,the other ones are purple. 它们的其中一个是蓝色的,其他的是紫色的。 others: 其他的东西 the others: 其他的东西(在特定的范围内) E.g. One of the children likes reading,the others like singing. 后句可替换为 the other students like singing. (2) at least 至少 at most 最多,至多 E.g. I have ten yuan in my pocket at most.

9. Most students use it for fun and not for homework. 大多数学生上网是为了娱乐而不是为了写家庭作业。 10. The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting. 关于看电视的调查结果也十分的有趣。 the answers to our questions 问题的答案 dance to the music 和着音乐的节奏跳舞 key to the lock 这把锁的钥匙 11. Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular. 尽管许多学生喜欢看体育节目,但是娱乐节目是最流行的。 12. It is good to relax by using the Internet of watching game shows, but we think the best way to relax is through exercise. 通过使用因特网看娱乐节目来放松很不错,但是 我们认为最好的放松方式是通过锻炼来放松。 (1) It’s +adj.+to do sth 做某事??的 E.g. It’s very easy to learn English well. (2) by doing sth. 通过做某事 (3) the best way to do sth. is 做某事的最好方式 13. It is healthy for the mind and the body. 这有益于身心健康。 stay healthy = keep healthy = keep in good health 保持健康 14. Old habits die hard. 旧习难改。 (二)语法知识: 频度副词 1. 频度副词的含义 (1) 表示次数、频率的副词称为频度副词。 常用的频度副词按高低依次为 always > usually > sometimes > seldom > hadly ever > never 100% 80% 60% 30% 10% 0% (2) 表示具体的频率、次数时,一次用 once,两次用 twice,三次或三次以上用“基数 词+times”表示: three times, four times, six times 2. 频度副词在句中的位置 (1 )频度副词一般在实意动词之前,be 动词、助动词或情态动词之后 E.g. We never eat junk food. Lucy is sometimes very busy. I can hardly say a word. (2)有些频度副词也可位于句首,但表示不同含义 中区别不大。 sometimes 常位于句首,和位于句

E.g. Sometimes Jack plays computer games. often 用于句首时,通常表示强调,且其前一般有 quite,very 修饰 E.g.Very often he goes online. Usually 也可位于句首,其前不用修饰语。 E.g. Usually my father goes up early. Always 一般不用于句首,但可以用在祈使句中。 E.g. Always remember this. 3. 对频度副词提问时,用 how often E.g. ---How often do you go to the movies? Unit3 I'm more outgoing than my sister. 单词 outgoing ['a?tɡ????] adj.外向的 better ['bet?(r)] adj.更好的;较好的 adv.更好地 loudly ['la?dli] adv.大声地;高声地;花俏地 quietly ['kwa??tli] adv.安静地;悄悄地;平静地 hard-working [hɑ?d'w??k??] adj.勤勉的;努力工作的 competition [?k?mp?'t??n] n.竞争;比赛 fantastic [f?n't?st?k] adj.极好的;了不起的 which adj.哪一个;哪一些 pron.哪一个;哪些 clearly ['kl??li] adv.清楚地;显然地 win [w?n] v.赢;赢得;获胜;获得 n.胜利 though conj.虽然;尽管;adv.不过 care about 关心 talented ['t?l?nt?d] adj.有才能的;有天赋的 truly ['tru?li] adv.真实地;真诚地;正确地 care [ke?(r)] v.关心;担忧;照顾;在乎 serious ['s??ri?s] adj.严肃的;严重的;庄重的 mirror ['m?r?(r)] n.镜子;反映 necessary ['nes?s?ri] adj.必要的;必然的 both [b??θ] adj.两者都 pron.两者 should [??d] aux.应该;可能;应当;将要 touch [t?t?] vt.触摸;感动 reach [ri?t?] v.到达;伸出;达成;取得联系;延伸;(伸手)去够 ---Once a month

heart [hɑ?t] n.心脏;内心 fact [f?kt] n.事实;真相;实际 break [bre?k] v.打碎;折断;违背;解决;中断 laugh [lɑ?f] v.发笑;笑;嘲笑 similar ['s?m?l?(r)] adj.类似的 share [?e?(r)] vt.分享,共享;分配;共有 loud [la?d] adj.大声的;adv.大声地;响亮地 primary ['pra?m?ri] adj.最初的,最早的 be different from 和...不同 information [??nf?'me??n] n.信息;情报;资料;通知 as long as 只要 bring out 拿出;推出 the same as 与...同样的 in fact 事实上;实际上;确切地说 be similar to 类似于;与...相似 重点短语 1. . more outgoing 2. as?as? 3. the singing competition 4. be similar to 5. the same as 6. be different from 7. care about 8. be like a mirror 9. the most important 10. as long as 11. bring out 12. get better grades 13. reach for 14. in fact 15. make friends 16. the other 17. touch one’s heart 更外向 与??一样?? 唱歌比赛 与??相像的/类似的 和??相同;与??一致 与??不同 关心;介意 像一面镜子 最重要的 只要;既然 使显现;使表现出 取得更好的成绩 伸手取 事实上;实际上 交朋友 其他的 感动某人 n.笑声;笑;笑料

18. be talented in music 19. be good at 20. be good with 21. have fun doing sth. 22. be good at doing sth 23. make sb. do sth. 24. want to do sth. 25. as+adj./adv.的原级+as 26. It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 三.重点语法 (一) 重点句型

有音乐天赋 擅长?? 善于与??相处 享受做某事的乐趣 擅长做某事 让某人做某事 想要做某事 与??一样?? 对某人来说,做某事??的。

1. Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom. 萨姆和汤姆都会打鼓,但是萨姆比汤姆打得要好一些。 both (1) 表示“两者都” , both 用在含有 be 动词的句中,应放在 be 动词的后面;用 在含有行为动词的句中,应放在行为动词的前面, (2) both?and?表示“两者都” ,both...and 在句中连接并列成分,如主语、谓语、表 语、宾语等,位置比较灵活。 E.g. Both New York and London have traffic problems. (连接主语) The secretary both speaks and writes Spanish.(连接谓语) 【考例】My parents ________ doctors.? A. both are B. all are C. are all D. are both ? 拓展:all 表示“三者或三者以上全都”的意思, every 指三个以上的人或物(含三个), each 指两个以上的人或物(含两个)。 练习:用 all,both,every,each 填空 1) My brothers and I are ________l at school. 2) ________ student may have one book. 3) ________Tom and Jim are my good friends. 4) Three students are flying kites,they are________ in Class 1. 2. Tara works as hard as Tina. 塔拉学习和蒂娜一样努力。

as...as 意为“与??一样??” ,as...as 中间接形容词或副词的原级。 其否定结构 not as/so...as 意为“不如??” 。 E.g. He is as tall as his father. 他和他爸爸一样高。

Tom gets up as early as Jim. 汤姆起得和吉姆一样早。 Lucy isn’t as outgoing as Mary. 露西不如玛丽外向。 注意:(1) 其否定式为 not as/so +adj./adv. +as。 E.g. This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think. (2) 若有修饰成分,如 twice, three times, half, a quarter 等,则须置于第一个 as 之前。 E.g. Your bag is twice as expensive as mine. 你的包比我的贵一倍。 3. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though. 不过,你能看得出来,丽萨确实想赢。 win 此处用作不及物动词,意为“赢;获胜” ; win 还可用作及物动词,意为“赢得;在??中获胜” ,此时其后的宾语为比赛的项 目、奖品或战争等。 E.g. He won the first prize. 辨析:win 与 beat ① win 表示“赢得;获胜” ,用作及物动词时,其宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。 E.g. We won the basketball game. ② beat 表示“打赢;战胜” ,用于比赛时,其宾语为所战胜的对手。 E.g. Li Lei beat all the runners in the 100-metre race. (2) though 此处作副词,意为“不过;可是;然而” ,通常用于句末,前面用逗号与句 子隔开。 E.g. Jim said that he would come; he didn’t, though. 拓展:though 作连词,意为“虽然;尽管” ,相当于 although。 E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily. 注意:although/though 与 but 不能同时出现在一个句子中。 E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily. =He has no money, but he lives very happily. 3. But the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun. 但是最重要的是学到一些新东西并获得乐趣。 (1) the most important 意为“最重要的” ,是 important 的最高级形式。 important 的比较级为 more important ,形容词的最高级形式前必须有定冠词 the 。 E.g. I think English is the most important of all the subjects. The most important thing is to work hard. (2) have fun 意为“获得乐趣;玩得高兴” 。 E.g. It’s a good place to have fun. Who won the race?

拓展:have fun doing sth.意为“做某事很有趣” 。 E.g. Did you have fun visiting that country? 5. ....truly cares about me... care about 关心,在意 take care 当心 take care of 照顾 练习:用适当的词组填空 1) Your mother truly____________you. 2) He has to ____________ his sister. 3) ____________ not to fall into the river. 6. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我发笑。 (1) make sb. do sth.意为“让某人做某事” E.g. His father always makes him get up before five o’clock. 拓展: make 的用法: money 赚钱 ① make 加名词 make food 做饭 make the bed 铺床 make

② make + sb./sth. + adj. 使某人感到??;使??处于某种状态 ③ make sb./sth. + n. 使某人成为?? ④ make sb./sth. + 过去分词 让某人 ⑤ make sb./sth. E.g. Wars make the peace go away. E.g. We were made to work all laugh at...意为“嘲 E.g. He (2) 辨析:laugh 与 smile ① laugh

E.g. The soft music makes Tina sleepy. E.g. The party made her a good teacher. 被?? + do sth. 使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号 to)

E.g. I made myself understood by all the students.

注意: 当 make 用于被动语态时, 必须带不定式符号 to. night. I was made to repeat the story.

一般表示“出声地 (大)笑” ,不但有面部表情,而且还有声音。 笑??;因??而发笑” 。 smiled at me. 表示“无声地微笑” ,指的是面部表情。

E.g. Don’t laugh when you have a meal. ② smile 一般 smile at...意为“向??微笑” 。 talented 为形容 她是一名天才 8. I’m (1)

7. Yes, and a good friend is talented in music, too. E.g. She is a talented musician.

词,意为“有才能的,有才干的” ,其比较级形式为 more talented。be talented in 为固定 搭配,表示“在??方面有天赋” 。 音乐家。 The boy is talented in dancing. 这个男孩很有舞蹈天赋。

quieter and more serious than most kids. 我比大多数的孩子更文静更稳重。 serious 为形容词,意为“严肃的;稳重的” 。 class. 意为 “对??认真” 。 拓展: ① nothing serious 意为 “没有什么严重的” 。

E.g. My math teacher is very serious in ② be serious about...

E.g. Is she serious about giving up her job?9. That’ s why I like

reading books and studying harder in class. 苦的原因。 表语从句。

那就是我在课堂上喜欢读书、学习更刻 I got up late, and

That’s why...意为“那就是??的原因” ,why 引导的句子作表语,是 E.g. That’s why I don’t want to leave here. 10. I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends. “It’s+形容词+for sb. to do sth.”

that’s why I missed the bus.


是固定结构,意为“做某事对某人来说是??的” 。结构中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语 是后面的动词不定式短语。句中的形容词为描述事物特征的词,如 difficult,easy,hard, important,dangerous,necessary,possible 等。 eat a lot of vegetables every day. E.g. It’s very important for us to It’ s dangerous for a child to stay at home alone. as long as

11. But I think friends are like books—you don’t need a lot of them as long as they’re good. 但是我认为朋友就像书一样——你不需要很多。只要它们好就行。 引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。 tell the truth. 面。 Larry often helps to bring out the best in me. bring out 意为 “使显现; 使表现出” 。 of the poem.我想阐明一下这首诗的意义。 in sb. 把某人最好/最坏的一面展现出来 in me. 的不介意我的朋友是与我一样还是不同。 He asks me if I like music. heart. 意为“只要;既然” ,引导条件状语从句,主句为一般将来时或含有情态动词 can 时,所 e.g.You can leave here as long as you 12. However, 然而, 拉里经常帮助我表现出最好的一 E.g. I want to bring out the meaning ② bring out the best/worst 我真 拓展:① bring out 还意为“出版;生产” 。 E.g. Please tell me how to bring out the best if 作连词,意为“是否” ,引导宾语从句, You will get good grades as long as you work hard.

E.g. The company is bringing out a new sports car.

13. I don’ t really care if my friends are the same as me or different.

常用于 ask, know, wonder, find out 等动词(短语)之后。 E.g. I don’ t know if he is at home. 14. A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your (1) reach for sth. E.g. He reaches for the E.g. When ① reach 为及物动词,后 ② get to 后接地点名词, E.g. How did you get to the 真正的朋友是一个可以援手帮助并感动你心扉的人。

意为 “伸手取某物” , reach 此处作不及物动词, 意为 “伸手” 。 box, but he is too short. will you reach Beijing? 面直接接宾语。 station? 辨析:reach, get to 与 arrive

拓展: reach 作及物动词, 意为 “到达; 抵达” 。

E.g. They reached Hangzhou yesterday.

如果接 there,here 或 home 等地点副词,to 必须省略。

③ arrive 为不及物动词, 后接地点名词时必须加介词 at 或 in。 到达国家、 E.g. I arrived at the company three hours ago. (2) touch 及物动词,意为“感动;触摸” 。 He touched his son’ s head lightly. 练习 1)

城市等大的地方用 in,到迭学校、商店等小的地方用 at。接 there,here 或 home 等地点 副词时不用介词 in 或 at 。 E.g. The sad story touched us. They arrived in Hangzhou yesterday.

Our hometown is more beautiful than before, ________?(济南中考) B. is it C. doesn’ t it D. does it A.cheap Hui’s. (湖南常德中考) B.cheaper

A.isn’t it 3) She B.well

2) Li Hua’ s shoes are as ________ as Zhang C.the cheaper A.good

sang a song I believe I can fly in Yangzhou English c1assics Reading Contest. I have never heard a ________ voice than that before. (江苏扬州中考) C.better D.best

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化: 原 级 good/well bad/badly many/much little far furthest(最深远) as?(原级)as 与??一样?? Liming is as tall as Jim. is shorter than Lucy. 1.on weekends 6.the same as the moment 一.重点短语: 8.junk food 9.get good grades 10.see a dentist not as/so?as 不如 Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily 比较级 better worse more less farther(更远) 最高级 best worst most least further(更深远) farthest(最远 )

2.on weekdays 3.as for 4.my eating habits 5.have a healthy lifestyle 7.the result of 12.be stressed out 3.a balanced diet 14.for example 15.at 17.go bike riding 18.take walks=go for walk 22.take sth with sb 21.western country

11.have a healthy habit 19.take a vacation

16.be sorry to do sth

20.plan to do sth

23.depend on 24.host family 25.hardly ever 6.ask sb about sth 27.get back to school 8.a balance of 29.kind of 二.考点归纳:

考点 1.want sb to do sth 想要某人干某事
His father wants him_____(become )an actor.

考点 2.try 的用法:
1).try to do sth 尽力干某事 He tries ______(eat) lots of vegetables and fruit every day . 2).try not to do sth 尽力不干某事 We try______(not let) my teacher down. 3).try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力干某事 We should try our best ______ (study) all subjects. 4)词组: try on 试穿 have a try 试一试

考点 3.although 的用法:
although /though 引导让步状语从句, “即使,虽然” ,不能与 but 连用,但可与 yet, still 连用。

考点 4.finish doing sth 结束干某事
I will finish______ (work )out the problem in another two minutes .

考点 5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地干某事
I can’t wait _____(open)the TV when I get home .

考点 6.decide 的用法:
1).decide to do sth 决定干某事 2).decide not do sth 决定不干某事 3).decide on doing sth 决定干某事 4).同义词组: make a decision to do sth = make up one’s mind to do sth = decide to do sth He has decided to leave for Wuhan .= He has ______ a _____ to leave for Wuhan.= He has ____up his_____ to leave for Wuhan.

考点 7.plan to do sth 计划干某事
She is planning ______(take )a vacation in Shanghai next month .

考点 8.think about doing sth 考虑干某事
He thought about ______(go ) to Beijing on vacation .

考点 9.go + v-ing 的用法:
go fishing 同义句: 1).It’s +adj +for sb +to do sth = To do sth + be +adj 2).It’s +adj +of sb +to do sth = Sb +be +adj + to do sth It is very friendly of you to help me .=_____ _____ friendly to help me . It’s very hard for you to work out the math problem .= ______ _____ out the math problem is very hard for you Unit4 What's the best movie theater? 单词 theater ['θ??t?] n.剧场;电影院;戏院 comfortable ['k?mft?bl] adj.舒适的;充裕的 seat [si?t] n.座位; screen [skri?n] n.屏幕;银幕 close [kl??s] v.关;合拢;不开放;停业 worst [w??st] adj.最坏的;最差的 cheaply ['t?i?pli] adv.廉价地;粗俗地 go boating go skating go shopping go hiking go skateboarding

考点 10.句型: It’s + adj +for /of sb to do sth

song [s??] n.歌曲;歌唱 choose [t?u?z] v.选择;决定 carefully ['ke?f?li] adv.小心地,认真地 reporter [r?'p??t?(r)] n.记者 fresh [fre?] adj.新鲜的;清新的 comfortably ['k?mft?bli] adv.舒服地;容易地;充裕地 worse [w??s] adj.更坏的;更差的 service ['s??v?s] n.服务 pretty ['pr?ti] adv.相当地 adj.漂亮的 menu ['menju?] n.菜单 act [?kt] v.行动;表演 meal [mi?l] n.一餐;膳食 so far 到目前为止;迄今为止 no problem 没什么;不客气 creative [kri'e?t?v] adj.创造的,创造性的; performer [p?'f??m?(r)] n.表演者;执行者 talent ['t?l?nt] n.天赋;才能,才艺; common ['k?m?n] adj.常见的;共同的;普通的 magician [m?'d???n] n.魔术师;术士 beautifully ['bju?t?fli] adv.美丽地;完美地; role [r??l] n.作用;角色 winner ['w?n?(r)] n.获胜者 prize [pra?z] n.奖品;奖金 everybody ['evrib?di] pron.每人;人人 example [?ɡ'zɑ?mpl] n.例子;榜样 poor [p??(r)] adj.可怜的;贫穷的 seriously ['s??ri?sli] 严重地,严肃地 give [ɡ?v] v.给;赠予;送 crowded ['kra?d?d] adj.拥挤的 have…in common 有相同特征 all kinds of 各种各样;各种类型 be up to 是…….的职责;由…….决定 play a role 发挥作用;有影响 makeup 编造

for example 例如 take…seriously 认真对待 重点短语 1. movie theater 在镇上 2. so far 到目前为止 才艺表演 3. in common 共同;共有 around the world 世界各地;全世界 be up to more and more?? 越来越?? 4. and so on 等等 由??决定 5. not everybody 6. play a role in ? seriously 认真对待 7. give sb. sth . 给某人某物 8. Can I ask you some?? 认为??怎么样? 9. Thanks for doing sth. 为??怎么样? 10. much+ adj./adv.的比较级 人做某事 11. play a role in doing sth 数 ??之一 Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show? 单词 sitcom ['s?tk?m] n.情景喜剧 (= situation comedy) news [nju?z] n.新闻;消息 soap [s??p] n.肥皂;肥皂剧 educational [?ed?u'ke???nl] adj.教育的;有教育意义的 plan [pl?n] n.计划;方法 v.打算;计划 hope [h??p] .希望;期望;盼望 n.希望 discussion [d?'sk??n] n.讨论;谈论 stand [st?nd] v.站立;忍受 在做某事方面扮演重要的角色 one of+可数名词的复 ??得多 watch sb. do sth. 观看某 因做某事而感谢。What do you think of?? 你认 come true (梦想、希望)实现;达到 你 我能问你一些??吗? How do you like?? 并不是每个人 make up 编造(故事、谎言等) 例如 take ? 在??方面发挥作用 / 有影响 for example all kinds of?? 各种各样的 是??的职责; 10 minutes by bu 坐公共汽车 10 分钟的路程 talent show 电影院 close to? 离??近 clothes store 服装店 in town

happen ['h?p?n] vi.发生;碰巧;出现;偶遇 may [me?] aux.可以,能够;可能,也许 expect [?k'spekt] v.预期;期待;盼望 joke [d???k] n.笑话;玩笑 v.说笑话;开玩笑 comedy ['k?m?di] n.喜剧;滑稽;幽默事件 find out 查明、弄清 meaningless ['mi?n??l?s] adj.无意义的;不重要的 action ['?k?n] n.行为;活动 cartoon [kɑ?'tu?n] n.卡通;漫画 culture ['k?lt??(r)] n.栽培;文化;教养 famous ['fe?m?s] adj.著名的;有名的 appear [?'p??(r)] vi.出现;出版;显得 become [b?'k?m] v.变成;成为 rich [r?t?] adj.富有的;富饶的;丰富的 successful [s?k'sesfl] adj.成功的;圆满的 might [ma?t] aux.可能;也许;may 的过去式 main [me?n] adj.主要的;最重要的 reason ['ri?zn] n.原因;理由 film [f?lm] n.电影 unlucky [?n'l?ki] adj.倒霉的;不幸的;不吉利的 lose [lu?z] vt.丢失;失败 vi.失败 ready ['redi] adj.准备好的;乐意的 character ['k?r?kt?(r)] n.个性;品质;人物; simple ['s?mpl] adj.简单的;朴素的;单纯的;笨的 army ['ɑ?mi] n.军队;陆军;一大批 action movie 动作片 be ready to 愿意迅速做某事 dress up 装扮;乔装打扮 take sb.’s place 代替;替换 do a good job 工作干得好;做得好 重点短语 1. talk show 2. go on 发生 谈话节目 game show 游戏节目 a pair of soap opera 肥皂剧

watch a movie 看电影

一双;一对 try one’s best 尽

某人最大努力 3. as famous as 与??一样有名 4. one day 有一天 place 代替;替换 5. do a good job 6. one of?? of 干得好 something enjoyable 看起来像 plan to do sth. 令人愉快的东西 interesting information 有趣的资料 之一 look like around the world 全世界 a symbol 计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth. How about ??的象征 have a discussion about 例如 dress up 就??讨论 打扮;梳理 take sb.’s such as

7. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 希望做某事 8. happen to do sth.


expect to do sth.


doing?做??怎么样? 9. be ready to do st 乐于做某事 语 10. think of 认为 learn from 从??获得;向??学习 find out 查明;弄清楚 try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做某事动词不定式做宾

Unit6 I'm going to study computer science. 单词 doctor ['d?kt?(r)] 医生 engineer [end??'n?r] 工程师 violinist [?va??'l?n?st] 小提琴手 pilot ['pa?l?t] 飞行员 pianist ['p??n?st] 钢琴家 scientist ['sa??nt?st] 科学家 college ['kɑ?l?d?] 大学 education [?ed?u'ke??n] 教育 medicine ['medsn] 药,医学 university [?ju?n?'v??rs?ti] 大学,高等学府 article ['ɑ?rt?kl] 文章,论文 send [send] 邮寄,发送 grow up 长大成长 computer programmer 计算机管理员 be sure about 确信 make sure 确保

resolution [?rez?'lu??n] 决心,决定 foreign ['f??r?n] 外国的 able [?eb?l] 能够 discuss [d??sk?s] 讨论,商量 promise [?prɑm?s] 承诺,诺言 beginning [b??ɡ?n??] 开头,开端 improve [?m?pruv] 改进,改善 physical ['f?z?kl] 身体的 self-improvement [self?mp'ru?vm?nt] 自我改进,自我提高 hobby ['hɑ?bi] 业余爱好 own [o?n] 自己的,本人的,拥有 personal ['p??rs?nl] 个人的,私人的 relationship [r?'le??n??p] 关系 重点短语 1. make sure 确信;务必 2. send?to? 3. be able to 能 4. the meaning of 6. write down ??的意思 5. different kinds of 不同种类的 写下;记下 7. have to do with 关于;与??有关系 8. take up 开始做;学着做 9. hardly ever 10. too?to? 12. practice doing 13. keep on doing sth. 几乎不;很少 太??而不能??/太??以至于不能 打算做某事 不断地做某事 练习做某事 把??送到??

11. be going to+动词原形

14. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 15. finish doing sth. 做完某事 16. promise to do sth 许诺去做某事 17. help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 18. remember to do sth. 记住做某事 19. agree to do sth. 同意做某事

20. love to do sth. 21.want to do sth.

喜爱做某事 想要做某事

22.have to do with 关于;与……有关系 23.take up 学着做;开始做 24.agree with 同意 25.be able to 能够做某事 26.grow up 成长;长大 27.every day 每天 28.be sure about 对??有把握
Unit4---Unit6 一.重点短语: 1.take the subway 2.all over/around the world 3.be different from 4.on the school bus 5.study for a test 6.go to the doctor=see a doctor 7.have a piano lesson 8.the day after tomorrow 9.keep quiet /be quiet 10.come over to 11.be free=have time 12.in some ways 13.look the same 14.in common 15.do the same things as sb. 16.use sth to do sth 17.begin with 18.in one’s free time 19.the bus /train /subway station 20.another time 21.means of transportation 22.all kinds of 23.depend on 24.go to concert 25.keep quiet 26.primary school 二.考点归纳: 考点 1.有关交通工具的同义句: 1).take the train to … =go to …by train take the bus to …= go to …by bus 2).fly to … = go to … by plane /air walk to …. = go to …on foot ride a bike to … = go to …. by bike My uncle went to New York last week . My uncle _____ _____ New York last week . 考点 2.有关花费时间的句型: 1).It +takes +sb.+时间+to do sth 2).sb. +spend +时间+on sth (in doing sth ). It took me half an hour to work it out . I_____ half an hour ______ it out . 考点 3.表示两地相距有多远: A +be +距离 +from +B = It’s +距离+from A+ to B. It is five minutes’ walk from my home to school. = It ______ me five minutes to _____to school . 考点 4.leave ,leave for , leave … for … 1).leave +地点 “离开某地” 2).leave for +地点 “前往某地”=go to +某地 3).leave +某地+for +某地 “离开某地前往某地” Mr wang are going to Beijing tomorrow .= Mr wang are _____ ______ Beijing tomorrow. 考点 5.all …not = not all “并非都” 部分否定 注:not 与 all /both /every ….. 连用构成部分否定。 Not all birds can fly . = _____ birds can fly , some can’t .

考点 6.the number of / a number of
1).a number of 许多 = a lot of /many , number 前可用 large /small 来修饰,a large / small number of ….. 作主语时,谓语用复数。 2).the number of ….的数量, 作主语时,谓语用单数。 A large number of tourists ______(come )to Mountain Tai every year . The number of the students in our class ____(be ) 60. 考点 7.sick / ill 1).ill 用在系动词之后作表语。 2).sick 既可以放在系动词之后作表语也可放在名词之前作定语。 She was _______ because of hard work . The _____ boy coughed terribly . 考点 8.表示客气地请求某人干某事 1). Would you like to do sth ? 2).Could you please do sth ? 3).Will /Would you please do sth ? 4).Can you do sth ? 考点 9.be busy 1). be busy with sth .忙于某事 2).be busy doing sth 忙于干某事 3).be busy 的反义词组 be free / have time I am busy tomorrow .= I _____ _____ = I ______ ______ time . 考点 10.whole / all 1).whole 一般置于冠词,物主代词或其他限定词之后, all 位于限定词之前。 2).一般不修饰不可数名词,all 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。 He stayed at home all the afternoon .= He stayed at home ______ _____ afternoon. 考点 11.however / but however “然而,可是”用于句首或句中,须用逗号隔开。而 but 不用逗号隔开。 He is very busy ,_____, he always helps me . A. and B. / C. but D. however 考点 12.most of / most 1).most of the +复数名词 “…..中的大多数” 2).most +复数名词 “大多数的…….” _____ the students are clever . ______students are clever. 考点 13.beat / win /lose 1).beat:打败 后面接打败的人或对象 beat sb 2).win:赢 后面接比赛的项目(race , game , match , prize …..) 3).lose:输 lose to sb 输给某人 lose sth 输了某物 Their team beat ours = Their team ______ the match . = Our team ______ _____ theirs. 考点 14.do you think 作为插入语 1).位置:放在疑问词之后 2).语序:后面的句子用陈述句语序。 Do you think ? Who is the man over there ?= _____ do you think the man _____ over there ? 考点 15.常见的不可数名词: weather work food news advice information fun music paper

______ weather ! we are going to the park . A. What a good B.What good C. How a good D. How good 考点 16.afford 1).afford 常与情态动词 can , can’t , could , couldn’t 连用 2).afford 后面接名词或代词不定时。 3).同义句:can’t afford to do sth = sb don’t /doesn’t have enough money to do sth . The book is very expensive ,I can’t afford to buy it .= I don’t have _____ _____ to buy it . 考点 17.listen to /hear /sound 1).listen to …仔细倾听 强调听的过程 2).hear … 听到、听见 强调听的结果 3).sound …. 系动词 “听起来…….” 后面接形容词 而 sound like +名词 I _______ her but could ______ nothing . It ______ interesting . 考点 18.句型:not as ….as 1).not as… as 之间要用原级 2).同义句:A + not as/so…as +B= A + 形容词的反义词的比较级 + than + B = B + 形容词的比较级 + than +A Tom is not as tall as I = Tom is _____ ______ I. I am ______ _____ Tom . This book is not as expensive as that one . This book is ______ ______ than that one .

21. That book is ______ ______ than this book . Unit 7 Will people have robots? 单词 paper ['pe?p?r] 纸 pollution [p?'lu??n] 污染;污染物 prediction [pr?'d?k?n] 预测 future ['fju?t??r] 未来 pollute [p?'lu?t] 污染 environment [?n'va?r?nm?nt] 环境 planet ['pl?n?t] 行星 earth [??rθ] n.地球;泥土 plant [pl?nt] 种植,植物 part [pɑ?rt] 参加,部分 peace [pi?s] 和平 sky [ska?] 天空 play apart 参与 astronaut ['?str?n??t] 宇航员

apartment [?'pɑ?rtm?nt] 公寓房间 rocket ['rɑ?k?t] 火箭; space [spe?s] .空间;太空 even ['i?vn] 甚至;愈加 human ['hju?m?n] 人的;n.人;人类 servant ['s??rv?nt] 仆人 dangerous ['de?nd??r?s] 危险的 already [??l'redi] 已经 factory ['f?ktri] 工厂 believe [b?'li?v] 相信 disagree [?d?s?'ɡri?] 不同意 shape [?e?p] 形状 fall [f??l] 倒塌;跌倒 possible ['pɑ?s?bl] 可能的 probably ['prɑ?b?bli] 大概;或许;很可能 holiday ['hɑ?l?de?] 假日 word [w??rd] 单词; 重点短语 1. on computer 在电脑上 2. on paper 在纸上 3. live to do 200 years old 4. free time 空闲时间 5. in danger 处于危险之中 参与某事 6. on the earth 在地球上 7. play a part in sth. 8. space station 太空站 9. look for 寻找 10. computer programmer 11. in the future 在未来 12. hundreds of 13. the same?as? 14. over and over again 15. get bored 16. wake up 醒来 许多;成百上千 与??一样 多次;反复地 电脑编程员 活动 200 岁


17. fall down

倒塌 将要做?? 更少/更多?? 更少/更多??

18. will+动词原形

19. fewer/more+可数名词复数 20. less/more+不可数名词 21. have to do sth.不得不做某事 22. agree with sb.

同意某人的意见 如此?? 将会有??

23. such+名词(词组)

24. play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事 25. There will be + 主语+其他 27. make sb. do sth. 28. try to do sth. 26. There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有??正在做某事 help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 尽力做某事

29. It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。 30. over and over again 多次;反复地 31. hundreds of 许多;大量;成百上千 32. fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌 33. look for 寻找;寻求 Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake? 单词 blender ['blend?r] 搅拌器;果汁机 peel [pi?l] vt.剥落;削皮 pour [p??r] pour [p??r] 倒;倾倒 yogurt ['jo?ɡ?rt] 酸奶; honey ['h?ni] 蜂蜜 watermelon ['w??t?rmel?n] 西瓜 spoon [spu?n] 勺,调羹 add [?d] 增加 finally ['fa?n?li] 最后,最终 salt [s??lt] 盐 sugar ['??ɡ?r] 糖 cheese [t?i?z] 干酪,奶酪 popcorn ['pɑ?pk??rn] 爆米花 corn [k??rn] 玉米,谷物

machine [m?'?i?n] 机器 sandwich ['s?nw?t?] 三明治 butter ['b?t?r] 黄油,奶油 turkey ['t??rki] 火鸡 lettuce ['let?s] 莴苣,生菜 piece [pi?s] 件;篇;片;块; traditional [tr?'d???nl] 传统的 traveler ['tr?vl?] 旅行者 England ['??ɡl?nd] 英格兰;英国 celebrate ['sel?bre?t] 庆祝;庆贺 pepper ['pep?r] 胡椒粉;辣椒 oven ['?vn] 烤箱;烤炉 cover ['k?v?r] 遮盖,盖子, gravy ['ɡre?vi] 肉汁;肉汤 serve [s??rv] 接待,服务 temperature ['tempr?t??r] 温度,气候 重点短语 1.milk shake 奶昔 2.turn on 接通(电流、煤气、水等) ;打开 3.pour?into?把??倒入?? 4.a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶 5.a good idea 好主意 6。on Saturday 在星期六 7.cut up 切碎 put?into?把??放入?? 8.one more thing 还有一件事 9.a piece of 一片/张/段/首?? 10.a few 一些;几个 11.fill? with?用??把??装满 12.cover?with?用??覆盖?? 13.one by one 一个接一个;逐个;依次 14.a long time 很长时间 15.how many+可数名词复数 16.how much+不可数名词 17.It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 多少?? 多少?? 到(某人)做某事的时间了

18.First?Next?Then?Finally 19.want + to do sth.想要做某事 20.forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 21.how + to do sth.如何做某事 22.need+to do sth.需要做某事 23.make+宾语+形容词




24.et sb. +do sth.让某人做某事 Unit 9 Can you come to my party? 单词 prepare [pr?'per] v.预备;准备 exam [?ɡ'z?m] 考试 available [?'ve?l?bl] 可得到的;有空的; hang [h??] 悬挂;(使)低垂 until [?n't?l] 直到...的时候;直到…为止 catch [k?t?] 赶上;抓住;捕捉 invite [?n'va?t] 邀请 accept [?k'sept] 接受; refuse [r?'fju?z] 拒绝 invitation [??nv?'te??n] 邀请;邀请函 reply [r?'pla?] 回答,回复 forward ['f??rw?rd] 转交;发送,向前的 delete [d?'li?t] 删除 preparation [?prep?'re??n] 准备,准备工作 opening ['o?pn??] 开幕式,落成典礼 guest [ɡest] 客人 concert ['kɑ?ns?rt] 音乐会 headmaster [?hed'm?st?r] 校长 event [?'vent] 大事,公开活动 calendar ['k?l?nd?r] 日历,日程表 重点短语 1. have the flu 患感冒 2. help my parents 帮助我的父母 3. come to the party 来参加聚会 4. another time 其他时间

5. last fall 去年秋天 6. go to the party 去聚会 7. hang out 常去某处;泡在某处 8. the day after tomorrow 后天 9. the day before yesterday 前天 10. have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 11. look after 照看;照顾 12. accept an invitaton 接受邀请 13. turn down an invitation 拒绝邀请 14. take a trip 去旅行 15. at the end of this month 这个月末 16. look forward to 盼望;期待 17. the opening of? ??的开幕式/落成典礼 18. reply in writing 书面回复 19. go to the concert 去听音乐会 20. not?until 直到??才 21. meet my friend 会见我的朋友 22. visit grandparents 拜访祖父母 23. study for a test 为考试学习 24. have to 不得不 25. too much homework 太多作业 26. do homework 做家庭作业 27. go to the movies 去看电影 28. after school 放学后 29. on the weekend 在周末 30. invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事 31. what 引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语) ! 32. What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语) ! 33. help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事 34. be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤 35. see sb. do sth. 36. see sb.doing sth. 37. the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式 38. have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

39. look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事 40. reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人 What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today? 41.on Saturday afternoon 在周六下午 42.prepare for 为??做准备 43.go to the doctor 去看医生 Unit10 If you go to the party,you 'll have a great time! 单词 video ['v?dio?] 录像,录像带 organize ['??rɡ?na?z] 组织,筹备 chocolate ['t?ɑ?kl?t] 巧克力 upset [?p'set] 难过,失望 advice [?d'va?s?] 劝告,建议 travel ['tr?vl] 旅行 agent ['e?d??nt] 代理人,经纪人 expert ['eksp??rt] 专家,能手 teenager ['ti?n?e?d??] 青少年 normal ['n??rml] 正常的 unless [?n'les] 除非,如果不 certainly ['s??rtnli] 当然,肯定 wallet ['wɑ?l?t] 皮夹,钱包 worried ['w??rid] 担心的,烦恼的 angry ['??ɡri] 生气的,发怒的 careless ['kerl?s] 粗心的,不小心的 understanding [??nd?r'st?nd??] 善解人意的,体谅人的 trust [tr?st] 相信,信任 mistake [m?'ste?k] 错误,失误 careful ['kerfl] 小心的,细致的 advise [?d'va?z] v 劝告,建议 solve [sɑ?lv] 解决;解答 experience [?k'sp?ri?ns] 信任,经历 halfway [?h?f'we?] 中途的 adv.半路地

else [els] 别的,其他的 重点短语 1. stay at home 待在家里 2. take the bus 乘公共汽车 3. tomorrow night 明天晚上 4. have a class party 进行班级聚会 5. half the class 一半的同学 6. make some food 做些食物 7. order food 订购食物 8. have a class meeting 开班会 9. at the party 在聚会上 10. potato chips 11. in the end 炸土豆片,炸薯条 最后 去参加聚会

12. make mistakes 犯错误 13. go to the party 14. have a great/good 玩得开心 15. give sb. some advice 给某人提一些建议 16. go to college 上大学 17. make(a lot of)money 18. travel around the world 19. get an education 21. a soccer player 22. keep?to oneself 23. talk with sb. 24. in life 在生活中 25. be angry at/about sth. 因某事生气 26. be angry with sb. 生某人的气 27. in the future 29. the first step 30. in half 在将来 第一步 28. run away 逃避;逃跑 分成两半 学校大扫除 20. work hard 努力工作 一名足球运动员 保守秘密 与某人交谈 赚(许多)钱 环游世界


31. solve a problem 解决问题 32. school clean-up

33. ask sb. to do sth.


34. give sb. sth. 给某人某物 35. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 36. too?to do sth. 太??而不能做某事 37. be afraid to do sth. 38. advise sb. to do sth. 40. need to do sth. 二、should 的用法 害怕做某事 劝告某人做某事 需要做某事

39. It’s best (not) to do sth. 最好(不)做某事 一、If 引导的条件状语从句

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