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课时作业 8 语篇阅读提能 (建议用时:30 分钟)

Ⅰ.完形填空 Once,long ago,there was a man who traveled from Persia to India on foot.He had __1__ been to India before.When he arrived at a village,he happened

upon a fruit stand.In that village, fruit was quite __2__ because of the lack of water.The man was looking around at the fruits when he __3__ a big basket of some very red,very long fruit.It was the cheapest fruit in the shop,not expensive at all. __4__ the man walked up to the counter(柜台)and asked: “How __5__ per kilo?”And the shopkeeper said:“Two rupees.”Two rupees in India is __6__.The man thought to himself: “What a __7__!”So he bought a whole kilogram of the fruit and began to __8__ it.But after he tried a few pieces,he screamed:“Oh,my God!”His eyes watered,his mouth burned,and his face turned __9__.He coughed and choked and gasped for breath. But despite his __10__,he continued to stuff the fruits into his mouth!Onlookers __11__ their heads and laughed.One man yelled:“You’re __12__,man!Those are chilies!People use them as a condiment(佐料).You don’t just eat them by the handful like that;they’re not fruit!”But the man replied:“No,I can’t __13__!I paid money for them,and now I’ll eat them.It’s my money!” You probably think this man was pretty __14__,right?Nevertheless,I bet you or someone you know makes the same __15__on a daily basis.People invest money,time and effort into a relationship, business or job.Even when experience tells them that it’s not __16__, and they know there’s little hope of improvement,they still __17__ because they don’t want to waste the previous investment.But this is __18__. It is no different than being the man who continued eating chilies because he didn’t want to waste the money he’d paid for them. Losing something is difficult,but it is important to __19__ the loss and move on.__20__ you’ll just keep burning your mouth on hot chilies. 1.A.often B.never C.sometimes D.seldom 2.A.common B.small C.expensive D.tasteless 3.A.noticed B.watched C.recognized D.selected 4.A.Yet B.So C.Still D.Besides 5.A.large B.long C.many D.much 6.A.something B.nothing C.anything D.everything 7.A.bargain B.trade C.business D.regret 8.A.throw B.cut C.eat D.cook

9.A.pale C.purple 10.A.fear C.confusion 11.A.shook C.lowered 12.A.amazing C.crazy 13.A.believe C.agree 14.A.impolite C.awkward 15.A.mistake C.impression 16.A.changing C.leaving 17.A.refuse C.ignore 18.A.illogical C.unnatural 19.A.remember C.recognize 20.A.Also C.Thus Ⅱ.阅读理解

B.red D.yellow B.warning D.pain B.raised D.nodded B.hungry D.different B.stop D.confuse B.humorous D.stupid B.agreement D.explanation B.working D.helping B.worry D.continue B.unusual D.incredible B.improve D.protect B.However D.Otherwise

A (2014· 福建四地六校高一月考)A ship was damaged during a storm at sea and only two of the men aboard were able to swim to a small island.Not knowing what else to do,the two survivors decided that they should pray to God. However,to find out whose prayers were more powerful,they agreed to divide(分割开)the land between them and stay on opposite sides of the island. The first thing they prayed for was food.The next morning,the first man saw a tree on his side of the island,and he was able to eat its fruit.But the other man’s side of land remained barren. After a week,the first man became lonely and decided to pray for a wife.The next day, another ship was damaged and the only survivor was a woman who swam to his side of the island.But on the other side of the island,there was nothing. Soon the first man prayed for a house,clothes and more food.The next day,like magic,all of these things were given to him.However,the second man still had nothing. Finally,the first man prayed for a ship so that he and his wife could leave the island,and in the morning he found a ship stopped at his side of the island. The first man boarded the ship with his wife and decided to leave the second man on the island.As the ship was about to leave,the first man heard a voice from Heaven, “Why are you leaving your partner on the island?”

“My blessings are mine alone since I was the one who prayed for them.”The first man answered.“His prayers were all unanswered so he doesn’t deserve anything.” “You are mistaken! ”the voice said.“He had only one prayer, which I answered.He prayed that all your prayers would be answered.” 1.Why didn’t the two men stay together on the island? A.Because they both wanted to live a quiet life. B.Because they couldn’t get along well with each other. C.Because they wanted to test the power of their prayers. D.Because they wanted to keep their own life secret from others. 2.The underlined word“barren”is closest in meaning to ________. A.noisy B.empty C.dangerous D.calm 3.Which of the following words can best describe the first man? A.Hard?working. B.Lucky. C.Selfish. D.Dishonest. 4.What does the author try to express through the story? A.God helps those who help themselves. B.A life without a friend is a life without a sun. C.A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds. D.What we do for others is more important than what we do for ourselves. B (2014· 成都七中高一下学期入学考试)Many of us enjoy doing it: You turn on the camera on your mobile phone and hold it at a high angle(角度),making your eyes look bigger and your cheekbones more marked out.You turn to your best side and click. There it is—your selfie. Over the past year, “selfie”has become a well?known term across the globe.This August the Oxford dictionary added the word to their online dictionary and defined it as: “A photograph that one has taken of oneself,typically with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website.” Today it’s not difficult to find social networking pages full of photos people have taken of themselves and their friends.And selfie culture has become especially related to young people.As many as 91 percent of teen agers have posted photos of themselves online,according to a recent survey by the US Pew Research Center. So what are the reasons for the rise of selfie culture? “The cult(狂热)of the selfie celebrates regular people, ” Pamela Rutledge, a professor at the Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology,told Vogue magazine.“There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.” Posting selfies also allows you to control your image online.“I like having the power to choose how I look, even if I’ m making a funny face, ” Samantha Barks, 19, a high school student in the US,told Vogue. In addition to selfexpression and documentation(记录),selfies“allow for a close friendship for long?distance friends, because you can see each other’ s faces every day” , wrote Casey Miller at The Huffington Post. But US psychologist Jill Weber is concerned that selfies might lead to social

problems.“There’ a danger that your selfesteem(自尊心)may start to be tied to the comments and‘likes’you get when you post a selfie, and they aren’ t based on who you are—they’ re based on what you look like, ”Weber told Vogue.“When you get nothing or a negative response,your confidence can plummet. ” 5.The first paragraph is intended to________. A.explain why selfie is popular B.describe how to make selfie C.show the importance of selfie D.introduce the topic of selfie 6.How many reasons for the rise of selfie culture are mentioned in the passage? A.Two. B.Three. C.Four. D.Five. 7.What is Jill Weber’s opinion about selfies? A.Comments on selfie are based on who you are. B.Selfies have more disadvantages than advantages. C.Others’response to selfies might affect one’s self?esteem. D.Selfies shouldn’t be encouraged for they lead to social problems. 8.The underlined word“plummet”in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to________. A.go down B.calm down C.pick up D.build up Ⅰ.完形填空 【解题导语】 本文叙述了一位男士步行从波斯到印度去,因为他以前没有去过印度, 所以当他到达印度的一个村庄时, 他看见一种水果, 于是就买了一公斤, 大口大口地吃起来, 结果吃了一会儿,就感觉嘴辣,咳嗽,脸辣得很红可是他坚持继续吃,他说他已经花钱了不 能把钱浪费了,这和人们做生意是一样的,因为有前期的投资,不能轻易放弃。 1.解析:选 B。考查副词及语境的理解。A.often 经常,B.never 从不,C.sometimes 有 时,D.seldom 很少,以前他们从来没有(never)来过印度,故选 B。 2. 解析: 选 C。 考查形容词及语境的理解。 A.common 常见的, B.small 小的, C.expensive 贵的,D.tasteless 没有味道的,根据下文:because of the lack of water 可知因为缺少水,所以 水果很贵,选 C。 3.解析:选 A。考查动词及语境的理解。A.noticed 注意,B.watched 观察,C.recognized 认出, D.selected 挑选,这个人在四处看这些水果,这时他 注意到一篮子很红,很长的水果。选 A。 4. 解析: 选 B。 考查副词及语境的理解。 A.Yet 然而, B.So 因此, C.Still 仍然, D.Besides 此外,因此这个人朝柜台走去,表示因果关系,选 B。 5. 解析: 选 D。 考查形容词及语境的理解。 A.large 大, B.long 长, C.many 很长, D.much 很多,修饰不可数名词。多少钱一斤,当指钱的时候用 much,故选 D。 6.解析:选 B。考查代词及语境的理解。A.something 某些东西,B.nothing 没有什么, C.anything 任何东西,D.everything 每件东西,两卢布在印度真没有什么,故选 B。

7.解析:选 A。考查名词及语境的理解。A.bargain 便宜货,B.trade 交易,C.business 生意,D.regret 遗憾,他心想,多么便宜,故选 A。 8.解析:选 C。考查动词及语境的理解。A.throw 扔,B.cut 切,C.eat 吃,D.cook 烹饪, 从下文:But after he tried a few pieces.可知他开始吃水果,选 C。 9.解析:选 B。考查形容词及语境的理解。A.pale 苍白的;B.red 红的,C.purple,紫 色,D.yellow 黄色,他的脸变红了,选 B。 10.解析:选 D。考查名词及语境的理解。A.fear 害怕,B.warning 警告,C.confusion 困惑,D.pain 痛苦,从上文的:He coughed and choked and gasped for breath.可知他很痛苦, 选 D。 11.解析:选 A。考查动词及语境的理解。A.shake 摇晃,B.raise 提高,饲养,C.lower 降低,D.nod 点头,旁观者都摇摇头大笑,选 A。 12.解析:选 C。考查形容词及语境的理解。A.amazing 令人惊讶的,B.hungry 饥饿的, C.crazy 疯狂的,D.different 不同的,从下文的:Those are chilies!People use them as a condiment(佐料).可知人们说他疯了,选 C。 13.解析:选 B。考查动词及语境的理解。A.believe 相信,B.stop 停止,C.agree 同意, D.confuse 拒绝,这个人说:不,我不能停,因为我花了钱买了它们,故选 B。 14.解析:选 D。考查形容词及语境的理解。A.impolite 不礼貌,B.humorous 幽默的, C.awkward 难对付的,棘手的,笨拙的,D.stupid 愚蠢的,你可能会认为这个人很愚蠢,选 D。 15. 解析: 选 A。 考查名词及语境的理解。 A.mistake 错误, B.agreement 同意, C.impression 印象,D.explanation 解释,你和你认识的人都可能在日常生活中犯同样的错误,选 A。 16. 解析: 选 B。 考查动词及语境的理解。 A.change 改变, B.work 工作, 起作用, C.leave 离开, D.help 帮助, 当经验告诉他们那不起作用时, 他们仍然抱有一点改善的希望, 故选 B。 17.解析:选 D。考查动词及语境的理解。A.refuse 拒绝,B.worry 担心,C.ignore 忽视, D.continue 继续,他们仍然继续做,因为他们不想浪费最初的投资,故选 D。 18. 解析: 选 A。 考查形容词及语境的理解。 A.illogical 不合逻辑的, 无意义的, B.unusual 不寻常的,C.unnatural 不自然的,D.incredible 不可思议的,惊人的,难以置信的,未必可 能的,从下文的:It is no different than being the man who continued eating chilies because he didn’t want to waste the money he’d paid for them.可知这样做是没有意义的,选 A。 19. 解析: 选 C。 考查动词及语境的理解。 A.remember 记得, B.improve 改善, C.recognize 认出,D.protect 保护,认识到自己的损失并且继续向前是很重要的,故选 C。 20.解析:选 D。考查副词及语境的理解。A.Also 也,B.However 然而,C.Thus 因此, D.Otherwise 否则,否则你将继续用辣椒辣你的嘴,故选 D。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 【解题导语】 文章讲述两个人被困在孤岛上,为了检验祈祷的力量,他们各自呆在岛 上的不同地方,第一个人的祈祷都应验了,他准备离开,这时上帝告诉他:第二个人一直在 为他祈祷。 1.解析:选 C。细节理解题。从文章第二段的句子:However,to find out whose prayers were more powerful,they agreed to divide(分割开)the land between them and stay on opposite sides of the island.可知这两个人没有一起呆在岛上,因为他们想检验祈祷的力量,选 C。 2.解析:选 B。词义猜测题。从文章第三段的句子:The next morning,the first man saw

a tree on his side of the island,and he was able to eat its fruit.第一个人可以吃水果,而第二个 人的那边仍然是空的,可知“barren”是“空”的意思,选 B。 3.解析:选 C。细节理解题。从文章倒数第三段的句子:The first man boarded the ship with his wife and decided to leave,the second man on the island.As the ship was about to leave the first man heard a voice from Heaven,可知第一个人是自私的,选 C。 4.解析:选 D。推理判断题。从文章最后一段的句子:“He had only one prayer,which I answered.He prayed that all your prayers would be answered.”第二个人是为对方祈祷的,可 知作者通过故事想表达的是我们为别人做的事情比为自己做的事情更重要,选 D。 【解题导语】 文章主要讲述的是“自拍”,以及自拍的原因。 5.解析:选 D。把相机放到一个较高的角度,使眼睛看起来更大些,第一段描述自拍 的过程,起到引入话题的作用。 6.解析:选 B。根据倒数第二段 In addition to selfexpression and documentation(记录), selfies“allow for a close friendship for long?distance friends”可知,自拍的流行有三个方面的 原因。 7.解析:选 C。根据最后一段可知,Jill Weber 认为,他人对自拍照的回应和喜好会影 响到照片本人的自尊心。 8.解析:选 A。根据“when you get nothing or a negative response”可知,当无人关注或得到 他人消极的评价时,你的信心可能会下降。

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