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高一英语必修一unit1


Section Ⅱ

Grammar

-1-

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一、阅读课文My First Day at Senior Hi

gh,观察画线部分的动词形式, 判断下列几个句子所运用的时态 1.Today is my first day at Senior High school and I’m writing down my thoughts about it.( 现在进行时 ) 2.Every room has a computer with a special screen,almost as big as a cinema screen.( 一般现在时 ) 3.We’re using a new textbook and Ms Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school.(现在进行时) 4.They say that girls are usually more hard-working than boys,but in this class,everyone is hard-working.( 一般现在时 ) 5.I’m looking forward to doing it!( 现在进行时 )

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二、尽可能多地找出本模块中以-ing和-ed结尾的形容词 1.Adjectives ending in -ing:

答案:amazing;interesting;boring;embarrassing;exciting;surprising; pleasing;disappointing;tiring... 2.Adjectives ending in -ed:
答案: amazed;interested;bored;embarrassed;excited;surprised;pleased; disappointed;tired...

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三、语法填空 1.They were surprised (surprise)at his absurd(可笑的) behavior. excited 2.He poured out his thanks in an (excite)voice. give 3.My parents (give)ten yuan to my sister every week. 4.One of the longest mountain ranges of the world (rise) rises from the floor of the Atlantic. 5.He will continue the work no matter what happens (happen).

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is doing 6.She’s studying law while her brother (do) modern languages. forgetting 7.He’s always borrowing money and (forget) to pay me back. is coming 8.Mr Ma (come) soon. arrives 9.Do inform me when Tom (arrive) tomorrow. are singing 10.Listen! The girls (sing)in the next door.

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Grammar Ⅰ.Revision of the present tenses 一、一般现在时 1.现阶段经常性、习惯性的动作。常与频度副词 often,always,usually,sometimes,seldom,never,occasionally等连用。 完成句子 ①The young man seldom goes to work by car. 这个年轻人很少开车去上班。 goes shopping ②The old lady usually on Sunday. 这位老太太通常星期天去购物。

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2.表示目前的状态、能力、性格、特征等。谓语动词常用系动 词be、表状态及感觉的实义动词 like,love,hate,think,remember,find,hope,want,understand,appear,seem, belong to等。 翻译句子 ①The house belongs to his uncle. 答案:这所房子属于他的叔叔。 ②Peter seems unhappy these days. 答案:这段时间彼得似乎不高兴。

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3.客观真理、科学事实以及名言佳句等。 语法填空 ①【高考典句】(2015· 湖南高考)It’s important to remember that is success (be) a sum of small efforts made each takes day and often (take)years to achieve. speak ②The teacher told us actions (speak) louder than words.

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4.按照时间表、节目单、日程表等预定将要发生的事情。这类 动词通常是表示开始、结束和位移变化的词 start,begin,finish,leave,move,arrive,open,close,go,come及take等。 语法填空 ①The train (arrive at) Beijing South Railway arrives at Station at 9:25. leaves ②The flight (leave) at night and arrives (arrive) in Shanghai the following morning.

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5.在时间、条件和让步等状语从句中用一般现在时表将来。 单句改错 ①When I graduated,I will go back to the countryside. 答案:graduated→graduate ②If you run after two hares,you would catch neither. 答案:would→will ③Although he will work hard,his parents will not be pleased with him. 答案:③will work→works

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6.以here,there开头,通常用go,come的一般现在时表示即将发生的 动作。 完成句子 comes the bus ①Here ! 汽车来了! ②There goes the bell ! 铃响了!

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二、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作。时间状语 有:now,at present,at the present time,It is five o’clock in the morning,listen,hurry up,look或what are you doing等提示语。 语法填空 ①It’s three o’clock in the afternoon;children are playing (play) on the playground. is waiting ②Hurry up!The guide (wait) for us there.

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2.现在进行时表示将来,少数动词如 go,come,stay,leave,take,arrive,start,finish等表示起止、位移的动词 的现在进行时,可以表示按计划或安排将要发生的动作,多与表示 未来的时间状语连用。 完成句子 ①今天下午这架飞机将要飞往伦敦。 is leaving for The plane London this afternoon. ②我们开始看到一些改进的迹象。 are starting We to see some signs of improvement.

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3.现在进行时与always,often,constantly,continually,all the time等 连用,表示反复发生的动作,常表示不满,抱怨或赞赏等情感。 翻译句子 ①You’re always complaining. 答案:你老是抱怨。 ②The man is getting up early all the time. 答案:这个人一直起床很早。

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答案:1)do 2)are coming

3)wears

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答案:4)remains

5)isleaving ;takes

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答案:6)are 7)are working

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Ⅱ.Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed 一、常见的-ing形容词和-ed形容词如下,填空 1. amazing 令人惊讶的 amazed 吃惊的,惊讶的 2. amused 愉快的 ,顽皮 amusing 有趣的,好玩的;引人发笑的 的;被逗乐的 astonishing 3. 惊人的;令人 astonished 吃惊的 惊讶的 boring 令人厌烦的 4. 厌烦的 bored 5. confusing 混乱的;令人困 confused 困惑的;混乱的;糊 惑的 涂的 6. disappointing 令人失望的 disappointed 失望的 7. embarrassed 尴尬 embarrassing 令人尴尬的 的,难为情的

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8.

exciting

令人兴奋的

frightening 令人害怕的

excited 兴奋的 frightened 9. 怕的 interested 感兴趣的 11. moved pleased 高兴的 13. surprised 的 tired 感到劳累 感动的



interesting 10. 令人感 兴趣的 moving 令人感动的 12. pleasing 令人高兴的
surprising 令人惊奇的 14.

惊奇

tiring

令人劳累的

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二、阅读并翻译下列句子,判断黑体词在句子中作的成分 ①She will be amazed when she wakes up for dinner. 翻译: 成分: 答案:①她要是在吃晚餐的时候醒来,必定会大吃一惊。表语 ②This was really such a confusing question that she looked at me at a loss. 翻译: 成分: 答案:②这真是一个很难回答的问题,她不知所措地望着我。定语

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③Frightened and guilty,Maggie put the book on the shelf she had secretly placed in her schoolbag. 翻译: 成分: 答案:③玛吉非常恐惧地,内疚地,把偷偷放在书包里的书,放回到 书架上。状语 ④If the text is too difficult to understand,the student will find it boring. 翻译: 成分: 答案:④如果这篇课文太难懂,学生将会感到厌倦。宾语补足语

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三、-ing形容词和-ed形容词的区别 (1)-ing结尾的形容词表示中心词或主语的性质和特征,通常译为: 令人……的。 (2)-ed结尾的形容词表示中心词或主语的感受,通常译为:感 到……的。

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答案:1)disappointing;disappointed 2)surprised

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答案: 3)encouraged;encouraging

4)amazed


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