XX 中学高二英语必修 4 第 1 单元检测题 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） ▲第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. —How do you find that Beatles’CD? —Wonderful. It’s well worth ______. A. to
listen to B. listening to C. to be listened to D. being listened to 22. Although the teacher didn’t mention any names, everybody knew who he was ______. A. speaking to B. turning to C. referring to D. talking to 23. The singer and composer _____ asked to sing a song in public, and she agreed happily. A. is B. was C. are D. were 24. Tom, ______ yourself. Have you already forgotten the rules I told you? A. behave B. respect C. consider D. entertain 25. His neighbor observed the stranger ______ the street and enter his house. A. to cross B. cross C. crossing D. crossed 26. The beautiful scenery around the lake ______ him to write this famous poem. A. encouraged B. inspired C. urged D. admired 27. The company ______ founded in 2005 and most of the employees ______ women. A. are; are B. was; were C. are; is D. were; was 28. Obviously, the book is _______ for children aged between three and six. A. specialized B. supported C. determined D. intended 29. We will be at 10 Baker Street at six o’clock, and we _______ seeing you there. A. look out for B. look up to C. look forward to D. look down upon 30. Mike often argues ______ his friend ______ small things, which makes all of us very unhappy. A. with; for B. to; for C. to; about D. with; about 31. She had no idea how it ______ that her husband met with trouble again. A. came about B. came across C. came out D. came up 32. _______ you study hard, you cannot achieve your goal. A. Unless B. Otherwise C. Only D. If 33. Since I knew how hard the life they lead is, I have understood _____ they need so much money. A. how B. why C. whether D. when 34. To be honest, I don’t like ________ you speak to your mother. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which 35. —________? —He’s tall and thin. He has brown hair, blue eyes and wears a pair of glasses.
A. What is he like B. What do you think of him C. How is he D. What does he look like ▲第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选 出最佳选项。 While we were riding the old German bus in Albania, a gypsy (吉普赛人) girl got on. She was about seven years old. Most gypsy children had a 36 look in their eyes. They were hardened by the world and by 37 they had experienced. The gypsies 38 in slums (贫民窟). The children begged on the streets or did other work so that their parents could 39 to buy wine. Every time we saw these 40 , we could always see the dead look in their eyes. But not this 41 . She was cheerful and had a beautiful smile on her face. As soon as she 42 , she started talking to us. Her name was Angela and she was on her 43 to visit her grandfather in a nearby slum village. I 44 my purse for something nice to give her. 45 , all I had with me was gum. She eagerly put a 46 in her mouth, and then squinted (眯着眼睛看) her eyes because the 47 was mint-flavored (薄荷味). It seemed like she had 48 tasted it before. She 49 in a funny way and the other people on the bus were all amused by what she did. When the bus 50 , she picked up the big bag she was carrying, 51 and jumped out of the bus. She is out of my life, but not out of my 52 . This girl deserved so much more than her 53 surroundings, yet she didn’t let any of them get herself 54 . I pray I will 55 her again someday, so that I can give her that hug which I should have given her that day on the bus! 36. A. worried B. happy C. dead D. curious 37. A. which B. this C. that D. what 38. A. lived B. played C. worked D. studied 39. A. manage B. try C. have D. afford 40. A. children B. adults C. beggars D. passers-by 41. A. day B. girl C. place D. story 42. A. sat down B. crowded in C. moved off D. lied down 43. A. bus B. car C. way D. taxi 44. A. searched B. examined C. touched D. found 45. A. Fortunately B. Sadly C. Surprisingly D. Clearly 46. A. little B. block C. piece D. set 47. A. smell B. sweet C. sugar D. gum 48. A. ever B. never C. always D. often 49. A. laughed B. shouted C. cried D. complained 50. A. pulled through B. pulled in C. pulled down D. pulled back 51. A. sighed B. bent C. nodded D. waved 52. A. feeling B. dream C. mind D. eyesight 53. A. poor B. warm C. comfortable D. rich 54. A. off B. up C. away D. down 55. A. help B. meet C. invite D. thank
第三部分 阅读理解 （共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Florence Nightingale was born on May 12th, 1820 in Florence, Italy. She was born to a wealthy and well-educated English family. When she was young she became interested in caring for the sick and wanted to work in nursing, but her parents would not allow her to be a nurse. They expected her to get married and live a traditional woman’s life. However, Nightingale had made up her mind, so her parents had to give in. She traveled throughout Europe during her early years and learned many languages including Greek, Latin, French and Italian. She also visited many of the hospitals in these cities and took many notes of the sanitary (卫生的) conditions in these hospitals. In 1849, she traveled to Europe to study the European hospital system. In 1854, she worked as a manager at the Hospital for In-valid Gentlewomen in London. The following year, the Crimean War (克里米亚战争) broke out. Florence led 38 nurses and traveled to Scutari to help the wounded soldiers. When they arrived there they found the hospital conditions were very poor. Many of the wounded did not have beds and were lying on the ground. Florence and her nurses managed to improve the conditions. Florence also cared about the social welfare of the soldiers and would visit them during the night after every-one else had gone to sleep. She was referred to as "The Lady with the Lamp". In 1860 she founded the Nightingale School for nurses at St Thomas’Hospital in London. Once the nurses were trained, they were sent to hospitals all over Britain where they introduced what they had learnt. Nightingale’s concerns for sanitation, military (军队的)health and hospital planning practices are still in existence today. She died on the 13th August 1910. 56. What are we told in the passage? A. Nightingale had the same name as the city of her birth. B. Nightingale’s parents supported her decisions all the time. C. Nightingale didn’t want to marry. D. Nightingale only visited the wounded at night. 57. At least how many languages did Nightingale know? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 58. What was the purpose of Nightingale’s trip to Europe in 1849? A. To learn many languages. B. To study the hospital system there. C. To examine the hospitals there. D. To manage the hospitals there. 59. What can we infer from the passage? A. Nightingale was the only woman who founded the school for nurses in history. B. It was the war that helped Nightingale achieve her goals.
C. Nightingale’s ideas affected Britain greatly. D. Nightingale was 80 when she died.
B Shift Happens by Robert Holden Price: $ 6.49 It’s an excellent book that will greatly improve your life. It has insightful (富有洞 察力的) wisdom that is easy to apply in everyday life. It’s written in a very thoughtful and humorous way. Read it when you are stressed and it will help you remember what is important in your life. Balancing Work & Life by Robert Holden Price: $ 10.50 The book deals with the key challenges of our life. It is a must-read for anyone who is trying to balance work success, family joy and daily life. ★Practical techniques show you how to set your goals and make proper choices. ★Clear text and illustrations (图表) cover every aspect of defining success and achieving balance. ★Accessible (易懂的) charts and diagrams explore different choices for taking actions and provide examples. Happiness Now by Robert Holden Price:$8.00 This book explains what holds us back from being happy in our lives. Holden analyzes these similar questions and in the process you will become more informed about what’s really going on in your mind. This is a must-have book for anyone wanting to understand how your thoughts keep you from your happiness. The Secrets of Relationships by Renshaw Price: $9.50 Are you looking for a satisfying relationship? If so, you should read this book and discover: ★The secret of findingthe right partner ★The secret of communicating successfully ★The secret of getting along well with others ★The secret of getting what you want This book is your passport to a whole new relation-ship experience. Order online now and you can get a 20% discount. For more information, please click here. 60. If you find it hard to get along with others, which book can offer you help? A. Happiness Now B. Balancing Work & Life C. Shift Happens D. The Secrets of Relationships 61. All of these books mainly help people _____. A. to make friends easily
B. to improve their quality of life C. to find a better job D. to achieve their goals 62. If you want to buy two copies of Balancing Work & Life and one copy of Happiness Now online, how much would you have to pay? A. $29 B. $23.20 C. $26.50 D. $22.40 C Mother Teresa, whose name was once Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, was born on August 26, 1910 in what is now Skopje, Macedonia. She always wrote her birthday as the 27th of August because that was the day of her baptism (洗礼), which was always more important to her than her birth. She received the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize because of her work for the poor around the world. In 1928 she was accepted into a religious (宗教) order and took the name Teresa. The order then immediately sent her to India. A few years later, she began teaching in Calcutta, and then in 1948 she entered the convent (女修道院) and began to work for poor people. She became an Indian citizen (公民) the following year. In 1950, she set up a religious organization in Calcutta. The organization provided food for the poor and set up hospitals, schools, youth centers, and homes for the sick and the dying poor. It now has branches (分部) in 50 Indian cities and in 30 other countries. Besides the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, Mother Teresa has received other awards for her work with the poor. These awards include the 1971 Pope John XXIII Peace Prize and India’s Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1972. On September 5, 1997, Mother Teresa passed away. However, she will continue to inspire people all over the world through her lasting present of love and faith. World-famous for caring for the poor, Mother Teresa often reminded the world that she was a nun (修女), not a social worker, and that communication with God was at the deepest heart in her every act. 63. Which of the following is the correct order of Teresa’s experiences? a. She received a Nobel Peace Prize. b. She began to work for the poor in India. c. She began teaching in Calcutta. d. She took the name Teresa. e. She set up a religious organization in Calcutta. A. c-b-d-a-e B. b-a-d- c-e C. d-c-b-e-a D. a-c-d-b-e 64. From the passage we are told that Mother Teresa ____. A. devoted herself to the care for the poor all her life B. was given the name Teresa after she passed away C. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in her early sixties D. decided to help the poor before going to India 65. Teresa will continue to inspire people all over the world because __________. A. she was good at prayer and communicating with God B. she was a loyal nun and not a social worker C. she received so many awards such as the Nobel Peace Prize
D. she loved the poor and her faith will be kept in people’s hearts 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 25 分） ▲第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) I am writing because I need to complain you about what happened to my luggage carrying by your airline. On Friday, June 2, 2006, I traveled on your airline from Beijing to Paris. During I went to pick up my luggage in Paris I was told that it was missed. The lost luggage is a black suitcase, 50 cm in long and 30 cm wide, in that there are five volumes of valuable research papers. If you cannot find them for me, I am sure that you will agree to pay me $1,000, the valuable of my luggage on my claim ticket, to compensate (补偿)for my great lost.
66. ______ 67. ______ 68. ______ 69. ______ 70. ______ 71. ______ 72. ______ 73. ______ 74. ______ 75. ______
▲第二节 书面表达(满分 15 分) 最近你校聘请了一名外籍教师,名叫 Laura。校长安排她给你们上了一堂关于 women heroes 的课,课后她给你们布置了一个任务:写一篇题目为 The Woman I Admire Most 的短文。注意: 1. 请同学们自由发挥； 2. 词数 100 左右。 _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _______________
参考答案 21-25 BCBAB 26-30 BBDCD 31-35 AABAD 36-40 CDADA 41-45 BACAB 46-50 CDBAB 51-55 DCADB 56-60 ADBCD 61-65 BBCAD 短文改错 66. complain 后加 to 67. carrying→carried 68. √ 69. During→When 70. missed→missing 71. 去掉第一个 in 72. that→which 73. them→it 74. valuable→value 75. lost→loss 书面表达(One possible version) The Woman I Admire Most The woman whom I admire most is my mother. Not only is she my mother, but she’s my best friend. My mother was born and grew up in the countryside. The conditions there were very terrible when she was young, but she had a strong will and managed to get away from there. She managed to get a high education and now she’s an excellent college teacher. My mother teaches me a lot and she also teaches me how to be a useful person. When I’m in trouble, she always helps me and encourages me to work hard. Being a caring woman, my mother loves both my father and me. She shows great respect towards her parents and loves everybody in the family.