英语完形填空题主要考查学生阅读理解能力、逻辑思维能力和对具体语境的把握能 力， 20 处空白， 设 每处空白要求学生从文下所给的四个选项中选择一个最佳选项作为答案。 考生必须尽可能地利用短文中上下文中出现过的信息词、 信息句去猜测推断意思， 理解线索， 弄清句与句之间、 段落与段落之间的联系， 从而达到全面理解整篇文章、 进而
1）选材原汁原味，体现“跨文化意识” 一般说来， 完形填空的选材多具有一定故事情景和教育意义的短文， 其文体主要是记叙 文，叙中有议。文章多选自原汁原味的英文报刊。由于英美报刊文章不同于中国人所写的英 文文章，在遺词造句、行文布局、逻辑思维方面均与中国人有较大差异，因此考生往往会觉 得短文“跳跃多”、“起伏大”。这种用原汁原味英文考查学生的选材方式意在保证该项测 试的难度，并且对强化英语教学的“跨文化意识”发挥较好的作用。 2）设空及选项注重情景，考查综合运用语言能力 一般说来，文章长度大约 300 词，20 处空白的平均词距约 15 词，7－20 词左右设一空， 首句一般不设空。选项多为单词，短语比较少见，侧重考查动词、名词、代词、形容词、副 词等实词在具体语境中的得体使用，不少涉及词语辨析、情感、情理和逻辑思维，很少考点 是单纯考短语搭配或语法规则，对考生的综合能力要求甚高。设空常注重以下几个方面： ① 语境用词 这类考点要求考生依据上下文情景、语境，甚至段落或文章，从四个选项中选出最佳答 案。其涉及面非常广，如时间、地点、方向、情感、动作等等。解这类题的关键是选项要合 情入理。 ②词语辨析 完形填空中有些考点涉及词义辨析。 这类考点可以一箭双雕， 既考查考生对词语的掌握 和词汇量的大小，对考查考生结合语境情景用词能力。与单项填空题的词语辨析题相比，完 形填空题的词语辨析更具综合性。 ③常识应用 从语言为实际生活服务这一基本原则出发， 完形填空必然有考查常识的考点， 借此也可 以测试出学生的知识面和视野的开阔程度以及灵活运用常识理顺语句、 语篇的能力。 因此考 生要注意在某些相关点利用生活常识进行合理思维，以选择正确答案。 ④ 归纳概括 这类考点多见于议论文、 说明文和科普文中， 旨在检测考生的综合归纳、 全面概括能力。 要求考生高层建瓴，由段落或篇章中心去捕捉若干点的答案。 ⑤ 逻辑推理
完形填空的逻辑推理题网涉及行文走势，句段的起承转合，事情发展的先后过程，开始 与结果之间的关系，是与非的鉴别判断，时间、地点、人物、背景的相互牵连等。在议论文、 科普文、夹叙夹议文体中，经常会出现这类考题。 处理这类问题，要抓住结构、语义及逻辑三条主线，在此基础上进行合理的推断和预测。 答题时，首先要注意所选的答案填入空白处后整个句子语法结构是否合理；其次，看语义是 否通顺，上下文是否连贯、呼应；第三，如果几个选项填入空白处，结构和语义没有问题， 那就要从逻辑角度推理判断哪个选项填入最为合理。全文填空结束以后，应复读全文，核查 意思是否合理，前后有无矛盾等。
阅读理解是高考英语试卷中的语言运用题， 旨在检查高中生在阅读中的语感： 特别是在 阅读过程中获取和处理信息的能力。 《考试说明》 对阅读理解的要求做了明确的规定， 阅读理解部分主要测试考生以下能力： 1，掌握所读材料的主旨和大意： 2．了解用以阐述主旨的事实和有关细节： 3．根据上下文判断大纲附表以外的某些词汇和短语的意义： 4．既理解个别句子的意义，也理解上下文之间的逻辑关系： 5．根据所读材料进行一定的判断，推理和引申： 6．正确领会作者的观点和态度。
阅读理解常考的题材： 发展报告，农业报告，经济报告．环境报告，科学报告，教育 报告，健康报告，新闻科学，自然灾害，医学(如瘟疫等疾病)，战争，旅游、交通，人物传 记、人物特写，故事，探索，语言、语言掌故，音乐、体育与娱乐，文学、艺术，历史、考 古、文物出土，英语国家的文化习俗、人口、地理、建设、历史、社会、科技等概况。
1. 基本题型及题形特征 主旨大意 题 细节理解 题 推理判断 题 判断词义 题 主要考察学生对所读材料中心思想的概括。其考察形式有很多，如概括 标题、主题、中心思想或目的大意等； 主要考察考生对阅读材料中的某一具体事实和细节的理解。这一题型常 见的命题方式有：事实认定题、排序题、图形辨认题、数字运算题；； 主要考查学生根据文章的字面意思，通过语篇逻辑关系，研究细节的暗 示，推敲作者的态度，理解文章的寓意等。推理判断题属于主观性较强 的高层次阅读理解题； 主要考察考生根据一定的上下文猜测生词的词义能力。要求从句子结 构、段落、文章中推断或根据构词法推断词义。
基 本 题 型 及 题 形 特 征
2. 四大题形的解题技巧 1）细节理解题解题技能 常见的命题方式有： （1）特殊疑问句形式。以 when，where。what．which．who，how much, many 等疑问
词开头引出的问题： （2）以是非题的形式。true / false. not true/ false 或 EXCEPT： （3）以 According to?开头提问方式： （4）以填空题的形式，如： To avoid attracting mountain lions, people are advised___________. （5）就文中数字、排序、识图等提问。 做细节理解题时，不必通篇细看原文，而可采取"带着问题找答案”的方法，先从问题 中抓住关键性词语，然后以此为线索快速在文章中寻找与此问题相关的段落、语句，对照比 较，确定答案。除了运用扫读法(scanning)外，还可以兼用排除法，将“无此细节”和“与 此细节相反”的选项排除： 2) 细节题干扰项有如下几个特点： (1)与原文有相关信息，但不是题目要求的内容； (2)符合常识，但不是文章内容： (3)与原文的内容极其相似，但在程度上有些变动： (4)在意思上与原文大相径庭甚至完全相反： (5)一半正确，一半错误： 细节理解题的答案与原文中的语句并非一模一样， 而是用不同的词语或句型结构表达相 同的意思：有的细节理解题就需要通过有关词语和句子的转换。值得一提的是，有时原文中 的信息可能只是一个短语， 甚至一个单词， 因此需要我们在阅读中特别仔细才能捕捉到真正 有用的信息。总之，做细节题时要将自己精力放在寻找你所需要的细节上，快速通篇跳读， 眼睛自左至右， 自上而下呈 Z 形扫视，直到找到细节出处，待找到含细节内容时，就要 放慢速度，仔细核对比较内容，直至确定答案。 2．推理判断题解题技能 这类题主要考查学生根据文章的字面意思，通过语篇逻辑关系，研究细节的暗示，推敲 作者的态度，理解文章的寓意等。推理判断题属于主观性较强的高层次阅读理解题。做这类 题时，考生应在理解全文的基础上，从文章本身所提供的信息出发，运用逻辑思维．同时借 助一定的常识进行分析、推理、判断。 1) 这种问题的提问方式通常有： (1) From paragraph 4 we can infer that_______. (2) We can infer from the text that.../What can we learn from...? (3) The last sentence of the first paragraph most probably implies that _______. (4) The author implies that by the year 2050, _______. (5) To solve the present social problems the author suggests that we should _______. (6) The author mentions the fact that...to show _______ (7) This passage would most likely be found in _______? 这些提问方式的答案一般在短文中不可能直接找到， 必须根据提问中的某些关键字眼与 短文中相应的有关内容加以逻辑推理或演算， 从而得出某些作者并未说明却已在字里行间所 暗含的意思及观点。 2) 考生应当注意以下几点： (1) 深入理解作者在字里行间渗透出来的深层含义, 不能以自己的观点代替作者的观 点： (2) 推理的源泉来自于上下文的语境、语气等： (3) 紧紧抓住所给文章，决不能脱离文章凭空想像； (4) 把握上下文之间的逻辑关系，通过分析、综合、判断等进行深层处理，合乎逻辑地
推理，决不能以偏概全、见树不见林。 3．主旨大意题解题技能 高考阅读理解对文章的主旨大意进行命题， 旨在考查考生通过对原文快速浏览正确获取 语篇的大意，并对文章的主题、标题、段落、中心思想加以归纳理解以及辨别主要信息和次 要信息的能力。要求考生在阅读短文时，能够提炼文章的中心情节，体会作者的主要意图， 充分运用逻辑概括能力， 透过字里行间获取文章最具代表性的观点、 中心论点及作者的情感 倾向。 1) 主旨大意常见的题干形式如下： (1) What would be the best title for the text?/what is the topic of the text? (2) The main topic / subject of the passage is _______. (3) The main idea/The general idea is/The main theme of this passage is... (4) The last paragraph ends the passage with an emphasis on _______. (5) What is mainly discussed in the text? (6) What is the main idea of the passage? (7) What's the main point the writer is trying to make in the last paragraph? 2) 从命题形式上看，此类阅读测试题主要可概括为两大类， (1) 怎样理解段落及文章整体的主旨大意 (2) 怎样拟定或选择恰当的标题。 3) 主旨大意的解题技巧 (1)主题句定位法 文章是由段落组成的。段落是发展一个主题的一群句子，段落围绕着中心思想展开，而 段落的中心思想又是为文章整体的中心思想服务的。 寻找具体段落的中心思想的方法是： 通 过分析篇章结构，找出每小段的主题句，通过主题句找出文章的主题。找准文章的主题句是 确定文章主旨大意的关键。 主题是文章要表达的中心思想， 文章的主题句通常都有一个话题， 它是文章的核心。“主题句定位法”是一种行之有效的方法。 但是由于文章的不同， 主题句出现的位置也不是一成不变的。 主题句在文章中的位置通 常有三种情况：开头、中间、结尾。因此，仔细阅读这类文章或段落的首尾句是关键。做主 旨大意类试题多采用浏览法(skimming)，浏览时，一般不需逐句细读，只选读文章的首段、 尾段，或每段的首句和尾句，重点搜索主题线索和主题信息。 文章主题常常可以通过文章的写作方法来体现，有以下五种情况： 方法 正方形 写作法 特征 中心主题隐含在全文之中，没有明确的主题句。阅读这样的文章，就要求考生 根据文章的细节来分析，概括出段落的主题，从而推导出文章的主旨。分析的 方法：先弄清该段落主要讲了哪几个方面的内容，这些内容在逻辑上有什么联 系，然后加以归纳形成主题。 中心主题句出现在文首。开门见山，提出主题，随之用细节来解释、支撑或发 展主题句所表达的主题思想。即由一般到特殊，先提出观点，后举例论证，主 题句则出现在段首的写作方法。主题句一般可在第一句话找到。新闻报道通常 就采用这种写法。 主题句出现在文尾。在细节后，归纳要点、印象、结论、建议或结果，以概括 主题。这是英语中最常见的归纳法写作方式，即细节表述的句子在前，概括性 的句子居后，主题句则常位于末段。 首尾呼应的写作方法。为突出主题，作者先提出主题，结尾时再次点出主题， 这种首尾呼应的写作方式也较为多见。通常，前后表述主题的句子不是简单的
正三角 形写作 法 倒三角 形写作 法 圆形 写作法
重复，后面的往往有进一步的引申或发展的意味。 菱形 写作法 主题句出现在文章的中间。通常前面只提出问题，文中的主题由随之陈述的细 节或合乎逻辑的引申在文中导出，而后又作进一步的解释、支撑或发展。
(2)文章标题的选择或拟定的解题技巧 标题位于文章之首，用来高度概括文章内容，点明文章主题。它是段落中心思想的最精 炼的表达形式。 它的特点是：浓缩性强，短小精悍，多为一个短语；涵盖性强，一般要求能覆盖全文， 其确定的范围要恰当，既不能太大，也不能太小；精确性强，不能随意改变语言表意的程度 及色彩，用词准确、不偏不离。那么如何选择文章的标题呢? ① 要在阅读原文的基础上，仔细考虑这句话或短语与文章主题是否有密切的联系： ② 依据文章关键词，再看它对文章的概括性或覆盖面如何： ③ 对比四个选项，先排除两个，再比较余下的，要考虑标题是过大还是过小； 要避免下列三种错误： (a)概括不够(多表现为部分代替整体，从而导致范围太小)； (b)过度概括(多表现为人为扩大范围)； (c)以事实、细节替代替抽象具体的大意。
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相同的、类似的 / 不同的
same similar different / various / separate / alone / apart / not……but…… / change(able) difference / similarity（between……and……）/ a variety of / a range of ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------〖2013 江苏卷〗 wanted it and worked toward it like everyone else, all of us I the same thing. One year, through a series of unhappy events, it all fell and alone. I had my truck and $56. 36. A. separately 37. A. off B. equally B. apart C. violently C. over D. naturally D. out 37 . I found myself homeless 36 chasing
〖2013 浙江卷〗I love how peole 37 seem so different, but end up being so 38 . The most valuabe lesson I gain from studying in France wasn?t just to respect the French people to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. 38. A. generous B. independent C. similar D. distant 39
〖2012 上海卷〗The degree of _60
between the potential helper and the person in need is
also important.For example, people are more likely to help a stranger who is from the same country rather than a foreigner. 60. A. similarity B. friendship C. cooperation D. contact 45 around to
〖2013 江苏卷〗 They dropped off blankets, candles, and tools, and began chat. They started to teach me a belief in a achievement but of 46. A. wild 47 . B. real C. different 33 D. remote 46
American Dream—not the one of individual
【2013 新课标 II 卷】 It runs in the
.Michael's father always helped the poor as he
believed it made everyone happier. Michael Greenberg feels the a 35 thing, but it can make a big difference in winter. B. pain 23 C. same
.A pair of gloves may be
〖2013 四川卷〗But she is so shouldn?t 24
that she never lets anyone put her down. “You
what people say about what you look like because we?re not different from 25 me. “And you don?t need to wear a scarf because you look great
anyone else, Holly,” she 26
it!” For the first time in my life I could speak to someone who?d been through something 28 29 C. hard by her bravery, I gave up my scarf and away behind my scarf. D. important
27 . So weeks later, at my 13th birthday party, showed off my scars. It felt amazing not having to 27. A. similar B. strange
〖2005 重庆卷〗Hidden passengers traveling in ships, trams, or even cars can be a terrible trouble— especially when they are insects. As for this, there is a great ___36___ between human beings and insects. 36. A. connection B. difference C. communication D. similarity
〖2000 北京春季卷〗I can read and write as well as anyone else my age, and I can think better. That?s probably a real big ___24___ between the free school and regular school ?the amount of ___25___. 24. A. problem B. chance C. difference D. change
名师吴军暗示点 2（答案解析详见购买的自学教案，此处省略） ◆结论性动词: show / suggest / find / prove / decide / see ◆结论性情态动词: can /could ◆结论性时态及从句连接词： 完成时, 过去时, how， why 及转折关系 but, though, however。 ◆结论性形容词或副词: (1).so / therefore / accordingly / as a result / finally（eventually 最后) / satisfied / proud 看到 can 和 want to 一般要填 because, so 或 if。另 so…that (can)搭配！
I?m washing a dog?s hurt leg. I work carefully, because I want to make sure I don?t do anything to
hurt him. I wish they could understand that we?re just trying to help them. They asked if he wanted to go home. But Bozo said no. so the fishermen wished Bozo well and left him alone again-just as his father had eighty-four years before. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. so how do we deal with our problems ? There are many ways and here is one of them.
(2).Sure(ly) / certain(ly) / of course / indeed / actual(ly)[ =in fact, really, truly] (3).obvious = clear =apparent 明显的 / obviously =clearly =apparently (4).surprised/amazed/surprising(ly) [=amazing(ly), shocked ,astonished 震惊的]
Most people on this island are recreational fishers， obviously， and fishing forms an actual part of their leisure time. I?m not surprised that he became a writer. Even as a child he had a clear imagination. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------〖2013 重庆卷〗Since then, Joe started 45 . Though he never made it to the top, his math
teacher was always 46 and curious about the change: Why had that stormy day changed Joe? 46.A. worried B. amazed C. friendly D. cautious
〖2013 安徽卷〗 Learning a new language is never __53__. But with some work and devotion, you?ll make progress. And you?ll be __54__ by the positive reaction of some people when you say just a few words in __55__ own language. Good luck! 54. A. blamed B. amazed C. interrupted D. informed
【2013 广东 A 卷】Number sense is not the ability to count. It is the ability to recognize a 1 in number. Human beings are born with this ability. 2 ，experiments show that many
animals are, too.For example, many birds have good number sense. If a nest has four eggs and you remove one,the bird will not that the bird knows the 5 3 .However,if you remove two, the bird between two and three. 6 number sense. A man was trying to 4 leaves. This means
Another interesting experiment showed a bird's
take a photo of a crow(乌鸦)that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not 7 until the man left the tower. The man had an 8 .He took 9 the
another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not
bird.The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was
10 with three 11 .It
men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were 12 crow. 2.A. Importantly 6. A.amazing 12.A. gradually B.Surprisingly B.annoying B. luckily C. Disappointedly C.satisfying C. strangely D. Fortunately D.disturbing D. finally
able to fool the
〖2013 浙江卷〗I left France with many 34 , so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always 35 to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the
scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends 36 France we enjoyed together. 35. A. surprised B. disturbed C. embarrassed D. concerned
〖2013 山东卷〗Every time I came into her room, she was so was her daughter. Her real daughter never 49
because she thought I 50
her, so I took her place. She let me
that making others feel good make me feel good, too, when she died, I was very grateful to her. 50. A. explain B. guess C. declare
51 , but I was
〖2013 湖南卷〗I ran to __43__ behind a big tree in our yard at once. After a while, I was __44__ the girls had passed by. I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. 44. A. sure B. proud C. eager D. curious
〖2012 湖北卷〗Happy as a child, I got on the bicycle and headed out onto the streets. After some time, I 37 at the other end of the town. I was 38 that this simple vehicle could let me
39 long distances in a fairly short time. But how 40 did I really go? 38.A. amazed B. amused C. confused D. concerned
〖2012 北京卷〗I believe I stayed in a state of pleasant disbelief __43__ I was halfway through rehearsals (排练) on my first day. I never actually __44__ to get the job. After being
offered the position, I was completely __45__. I remember shaking with excitement. 45.A. motivated B. relaxed C. convinced D. astonished
〖2012 广东卷〗However, some people argue that rules may be ___14___, having observed that rules change all the time, and that some schools have some regulations and others have different ones —so who is to ___15___ what is right ? 15. A. predict B. explain C. decide D. consider that
〖2011 湖北卷〗Jasmina never got the chance to do it,” says Maja, now 32, “so I 34 someday I?d do it for her. 34. A. pretended B. decided C. perfected D. agreed
〖2001 全国卷〗Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was __14__ and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But, __15__, no evidence has ever__16__been produced. 16. A. rightly B. actually C. normally D. particularly
〖2003 安徽春季卷〗He went to the clerk to ___14___ his ticket. The clerk looked at the ticket with___15___. “Why, sir, but your flight was at nine o?clock in the morning, and ___16___ it is eight in the evening.” 15. A. astonishment B. patience C. respect D. delight
〖2003 全国卷〗I played a racquetball game against my cousin Ed last week. It was one of the most ___1___ and tiring games I?ve ever had. When Ed first phoned and ___2___ we play, I laughed quietly, figuring on an ___3___ victory. 1. A. encouraging B. hopeless C. surprising D. regular
〖2004 上海卷〗The law of over learning explains why cramming for an examination, __62__ it may result in a passing grade, is not a ___63___way to learn a school course. 63. A. convenient B. demanding C. satisfactory D. swift
〖2002 全国卷〗He burst out laughing and said, “Why, you fool, he used his ___17___ and asked for them. I?ve been ___18___ that on all my customers today, but I knew ___19___ I?d catch you.” ”Why is that?” I asked.
19. A. for sure
B. at once
C. in fact
D. right now
〖1998 全国卷〗 seemed that there was ___13___ suitable work for him. So he ___14___ to It join the army. Mrs. Fant was so ___15___ about this that she told the ___16___ to all her neighbours. 14. A. began B. promised C. managed D. decided
〖1997 全国卷〗Just ___18___, Todd saw the headlights coming at him and a car pulled in for ___19___. There it was, a white Ford. He saw the ___20___, LJR 1939. “What should I do?” Todd had to make a quick ___21___. “Yes, sir?” Todd ___22___ while making up his mind for sure. 21. A. decision B. call C. movement D. remark
〖1994 全国卷〗Now he was ___8___ he could do ___9__ only a balancing pole. Philippe walked his way across, a ___10___ of 131 feet. 8. A. sure B. uncertain C. glad D. nervous
〖1992 全国卷〗In 1964, a Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was ___14___ and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But, ___15___, no evidence has ever ___16___ been produced. 16. A. rightly B. actually C. normally D. particularly
1.方向: fall in love with （下）；hit hit the roof （上）；The wind had picked up . （起= 上）。 In order to make the work easier,I climbed over the window and stood __47_ the window . 47. A.inside B.by C.outside D.beside
方向暗示关键词 over：结束；正上方；越过（eg：overcome 克服 =get over）；翻转（eg： Joe kicked 踢 the chair over。Joe 把椅子踢翻）。我越过（over）窗户，所以应该是站在窗户 外面，故用 outside。
2.正负: 正:积极的，肯定的（excited, improve, progress 等）; 负：祁使句，否定句， 否定词， 绝对词 （be careful! He didn?t go. never, seldom, no, nothing, little, few; always, only, all,
any, every, the whole, must, completely 等.） 〖2013 江西卷〗Diane Ray was completely self-centered and very spoilt. Her parents gave her 36 she wanted, knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum(耍小孩脾气)if they did not. She would scream and kick and 37 on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always 38. A. set out B. set in C. gave in D. gave out 38 .
38．C。她一耍小孩脾气，她的父母总是屈服、让步（gave in）。set out 开始，出发； set in 以…为背景；gave out 分发，用完。 〖2011· 浙江卷〗He led me 35 the crowded shop and to a bench with a large 36 on his treasure and said. “I have
professional karaoke box on it.He placed his large hand 800 karaoke songs in here. You can take your get you started.” 36. A. Unhappily B. lovingly 37
and I?ll record them for you .That should
36.感情色彩法，此法多用于解决形容词或副词。下文出现 treasure 财宝，是正面词汇， B 和 D 是正面积极的， 但店主对自己的宝物应该是爱不释手， 心爱地触摸， 故选 B. lovingly。 〖2010· 全国Ⅰ卷〗He replied that she 46 knew who he was ,that she had not been able to 47 him for five years now. I was 48 and asked him,” And you she doesn?t know who you are?” 46. A. so far B . neither C . no longer D . already 49 go every morning, even though
46.结合后文，49 空那句话给出了很好的对应。neither 表示否定 2 者。C. no longer。 〖2010·江西卷〗But then, something __51_ happened. The car began changing. First, its color__52__from black to silvery-grey. Then,the wheels began disappearing, but the car continued to move forward, __53__ just above the ground. 52.A developed B appeared C spread D faded
52.A 发展,B 出现,C 传播,D 褪色。从 black 变成了 silvery-grey,就是由黑变灰,选 D。 3.逻辑（关系） 上面我们提到了方向的正负及中性，每个词汇也可分作+、-、0（中性，用 0 表示）。 在完形填空里面，最终的内容都是正面的，积极的（因为我们是祖国的花朵, 在中国的应试 教育里面是不允许有负向消极的词汇，想必这个您懂）。 关于逻辑，举一个例子（...of course ...but...）。一个女孩要和她男朋友分手了，于是按 照中国含蓄的习惯来说都是说.其实呢，你很好啦，对我也挺好的。（这是男孩倍夸得心花 怒放，嘿嘿），这时女孩说了，但是你太丑了（这是男孩的心沉入了谷底，心情糟糕透了）， 女孩见状，忙说，其实你还是可以找到更好的啦，没事的啦。套用上面的词组(+)of course(-)
but (+)。 You are friendly ,of course you are ugly ,but I believe you can find a better one . 于是我们可以了解到正负向的用处， 而在完形填空中， 描述主人公的一切都应该是正向 的。区别了正负向，我们可以在每个句子里面标出正负向，便于答题。 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------〖2013 北京卷〗 Lola never thinks about is level 10 in gymnastics. Her 52 51 . She is presently at level 7 while the highest
is to reach level 9. She says she wants to be a gymnastics 53 she grew up. D. bargaining
coach to pass down what she?s learned to other kids 51. A. defending B. quitting
〖2013 天津卷〗 26 , the disastrous effects of the drought（旱灾）were felt all over our country. It was a challenging time for everyone, 26. A. Thankfully B. Hopefully 27 Dad remained optimistic. C. Unfortunately D. Strangely
〖2005· 湖北卷〗In the first two year of the __40__ in former Yugoslavia(前南斯拉夫)，28 reporters and photographers were killed. Hundreds more were __41__. What kind of people put themselves in danger to __42__ pictures to our TV screens and __43__ to our newspapers? Why do they do it? 41. A. injured B. buried C. defeated D. saved
〖2005· 江西卷〗Whatever their bills came to, he
53 gave them back the few odd pence
(零钱), and I am sure they thought he was very generous (慷慨). 53．A．never B．ever C．seldom D．always
51．B。通过本段下文可知，Lola 还会继续努力，从目前的体操 7 级达到九级，因此她没有想过放弃。 defend 防卫；辩护； quit 停止；放弃； bargain 讨价还价。 26．C。本句的意思是：这次干旱的灾难性影响在全国都能感受得到。这是坏事，所以应该用 unfortunately. 其他三个选项的意思分别是：谢天谢地；满怀希望地；很奇怪，均与句意不符。 28 reporters and photographers were killed。更多的人应该是受伤。A。 53.下文they thought he was very generous (慷慨).可知他“总是”多找一些零钱。故选D.always。
〖2013 安徽卷〗 Learning a new language is never __53__. But with some work and devotion, you?ll make progress. And you?ll be __54__ by the positive reaction of some people when you say
just a few words in __55__ own language. Good luck! 53. A. tiresome B. hard C. interesting D. easy 31 our family. He
〖2013 天津卷〗From dawn to dusk, he works countless hours to always puts our happiness 33 32
his own, and never fails to cheer me on at my sports games
his exhaustion after long days. His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become 34 , putting others first. B. before C. beside D. under
more sympathetic and 32. A. after
〖2013 上海卷〗 study carried out by the U.N.-sponsored World Commission on the Social A Dimension of Globalization shows that only a few developing countries have actually 58
from integration into the world economy and that the poor, the uneducated, unskilled workers, and native peoples have been left behind. threaten emerging businesses. 58. A. suffered B. profited C. learned D. withdrawn 59 , they maintain that globalization may eventually
〖2013 江西卷〗 “What are you doing ?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there 44 he spoke .
“I?m going diving, ” she answered. “You shouldn?t swim that day, ” the man “You should mind your own “If you go out there you?ll be 45 . “There is a storm coming up.”
46 !” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves. 47 ,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply. 48 until white caps began rolling in and it 50
Diane slipped into the water and dived became harder to
49 against the current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it
to breathe. Oh, why had she not listened to advice. 48. A. nervously B. sadly C. shyly D. happily like other New Yorkers, who 22 .He stops when he 23
〖2013 新课标 II 卷〗In winter, Mr.Greenberg does not 20 look at the sidewalk and 21 the street. He looks around at
someone with no gloves. He gives them a pair and then he cold 25 . On winter days, Mr.Greenberg People who have heard about him 27. A. borrows B. sells 28
24 , looking for more people with
26 gloves. During the rest of the year, he 27 gloves. him gloves, and he has many in his apartment. C. returns D. buys
53． D。 根据下文暗示解题。根据下文“But with some work and devotion, you?ll make progress”可知， 学习一门新的语言从来都不容易（easy）。其余三项分别意为：令人厌烦的；困难的，努力的，坚硬的；
有趣的，均不符合题意。 32．B。句意为：他总是把我们的幸福放在他自己的“前面”，而且……。 58. 答案：B。本句是说只有一部分发展中国家实际上受益于融合进世界经济，根据后面的 the poor, unskilled…可知这是对比。解题关键是抓住 only 一词。 48．D。根据词语的感情色彩和语境解题。首先，D 项的感情色彩明显不同于其他三项；其次，她达 成所愿，因此会潜得很开心（happily）。 27.他冬天发手套，过了冬天就买手套，以备冬天发放。故选 D。
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您孩子或许接受过一对一的大型品牌英语家教服务，甚至一线在职教师的辅导， 但绝大多数的情况是，您孩子的英语分数纹丝不动甚至下降了！为什么？ 花言巧语的广告轰炸和信誓旦旦的保分承诺是让很多家长经不起的诱惑！ 其实很多品牌 家教派给您孩子的家教不过是以前在马路上举牌仅值 30-50 元/小时的应往届毕业生而已！ 最终，拿回承诺的退费比登山还难，即使退了，也换不来孩子的分数和本应美好的未来！ 在职教师有着令人信服的耀眼光环，但该好的当然是好，但该坏的照样是坏的！重点高 中的孩子并不是你在职教师教出来的，因为学苗好，都 125-130 分了，谁教都会一样的好！ 把普通学校的学生拿给在职教师教， 再用在职教师滚瓜烂熟的知识点串讲辅导和拿个五三套 题让学生去做，其结果，很难短期内事半功倍！
什么北京 XX 高分突破，60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀，2012 高分核按纽，选择 题高分模板等层出不穷，到底哪个才有效啊？与吴军高分密码有什么区别？
有的用名头砸人（比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人，参加过高考出题，享受国务院特 殊津贴等作为卖点）；有的用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人；有的干脆模仿或照抄相 关广告文案去骗人，甄别起来，还真是有点困难！
真想区别开来，其实是可以找到答案的： 骗子是很好鉴别的，一是可以让您的孩子问一些高考英语中阅读和完型很具体的问题， 看他或她回答的如何？另外，骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码，只留邮箱，QQ 号码和银行卡号，让你被骗之后无从寻找。另外，他们还会承诺，不满意，可以退回资料， 马上退款，还负责汇款手续费，让你觉得深信不已！其实，仔细想一想，资料都暴漏了， 谁拿到后都可以马上复印，若可以退的话，岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗？
比如，2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局！他在网上贴吧和博客 上出卖的教案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的, 是武汉某某在沈阳吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共 享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心授课 教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军 无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!
辨别有没有效，好不好使，其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告 中提分的学员是否留有学校,班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名 就很容易核实了,不符则可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某 某(或从别处粘贴了外地高考状元的照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想而知! 吴军英语的广告中声称的提分效果,都写明了学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也 是敢于让公众监督的! 比如，吴军英语关于提分在其官网上是这么写的：
通过近 9 年来的快速提分业绩及教学研发，吴军高分英语已成为全国高端英语家教行业关注的焦点。 全国近 300 名在职教师，教研员及 19 名专职家教或培训机构整体加盟或引进了吴军迅捷提分教学系统，比 如：沈阳、吉林、杭州、银川、上海、西安等地权威教研员及重庆外国语学校赖婴老师，浙江高考状元学 校宁波镇海中学王老师，河北邢台一中任月革老师和原新东方哈尔滨分校高中部骨干，哈尔滨宏博翻译学 院院长张勇强教授等百名高三一线名师倾情加盟，形成了强大的“吴军高分英语”品牌效应。2013 年将是 吴军老师最后一年进行成绩公告了， 因其主要精力将转移到教案研发和在职或专职英语教师授课领域， 2014 年吴军老师本人亲授高考生学员也将控制在 60 人以内！
2013 年高考已经结束，吴老师今年高考英语又创佳绩，提分率高达 100%，吴老师亲授学员共 80 人参 加了今年高考，有 2 人没有进行成绩回馈，其他人平均提分 37.2 分。为了更加透明，今年也将提分最差的 3 位同学公布了。这也是您孩子来我处学习后可能的最差效果，来前让家长也有一个最不理想状况下的预 期。一般词汇量能达到初三水平，心里没有障碍，内心提分欲望强烈并能及时做好配套模考试题（总有问 题）者，哪怕最后一个月来，连学 3-5 天，提 20-30 分也是没有问题的。尽管金无足赤，但来吴老师处学 习，提分将是大概率（99%）的事情。
短期 （4-10 课） 快速提分的学员集中在来时 80 分数段或 110 分数段的同学， 本次高考提分幅度在 22-49 分。比如：本届丹东二中考生刘伯伦经人介绍，找到吴军老师，通过一个上午 3 次翻盘逆转押题课(每次 2 小时， 至下午 2 点)的辅导， 成绩由原来的 117 分提升到 139 分， 使总分达到了 678 分(辽宁省排名第 67 名） ， 顺利通过北京对外经贸大学提前录取分数线，英语提分功不可没；又如本届沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班考生于 点同学（考生号：13210102130130，准考证号：010211105304，考场在 126 中），二模考试后找到吴老师， 来时二模成绩仅 80 分，通过 10 课的学习，成绩提升到本次高考的 104 分。
提分迅猛的同学一般都具有如下特点：提分欲望十分强烈，词汇量能达到初三或高一的水平，问题多， 学的过程中总能问模拟题中（完形和阅读）错了又搞不懂的地方。这样的同学成绩低一点也没关系！比如， 本届沈阳四中高三 16 班高考生董哲铭同学（考生号：13210106152495，考场在沈阳培英中学），高二前还 能达到 80 多分，高三后成绩急剧下降，一次联合体模拟考试竟然下降到 58 分，后经过去年考取中国民航 大学刘赫珅同学（去年吴老师的学员，成绩由 70 分提升到高考 101 分）的母亲马欣女士介绍，来到吴老师 处学习，3 个月内通过每周 1-2 课的学习，本次高考成绩达到了 104 分，使总分超过理科二本线 21 分。
2014 年，在 50-200%加费及签约和家长特殊要求的基础上，可能会开始尝试保分服务，因为 5 年来， 词汇量达到初三以上， 高考生学习超过 12 课的同学， 没提分的比例为 0%， 而提分在 15-90 分的学员占 97.5%。 2013 年高考英语效果最不好，提分最低的为 15-20 分上下，78 人中只有 3 人，其他人提分都在 22 分以上。 这 3 人分别是：
王松豪，沈阳四中高三 9 班，考生号：13210106152724，准考证号：010651109114，来时最近的模考 成绩是 82 分，高考成绩为 101 分。
庞博，天一教育补习，复读生，考生号：13210102150073，准考证号：010251107303，平时考试成绩 在 70-81 分之间，2013 年高考成绩为 94 分。
关婷月，沈阳 35 中 8 班，考生号：13210104130106，来时成绩为 70-80 分（参考分数为高二期间， 高三在家自学没有模考成绩），2013 年高考英语成绩为 91 分。8 月 1 日获悉，其已被一批本科沈阳音乐学 院电视编导专业录取！
以上 3 人中，后面 2 人是艺考生。
上网 www.sypeterwu.com 了解吴军高分英语试看教案并参考了上述最差提分程度的预期后，您可以冒 险来吴老师处尝试，不过费用高一些，年底前，1000 元/1.5 小时，过了 2014 年 1 月 1 日，1200 元/1.5 小时 或 1500 元/2 小时。第一课和第二课费用可以一次一次交，不用一来就交 10-20 课的，我们有信心，不怕您 对比，也欢迎您对比（一定要对比育才、实验和 2 中的在职一线高三教师或参加过高考英语出题者）。最 终，若不是费用承受的问题，您一定会选择在这里学习的。
（链接 2012 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告）
2012 年高考已经结束，吴军老师今年承接了一对一或一对二，共计 87 位考生。其中刨出一个最高分 136 分（本身来时就 130 分左右）及考前半个月左右才来学的 2 位考生，平均提分 36.7，再创辉煌！其中 值得一提的是，吴老师所授的一名学员英语单科成绩竟然提了 90 多分，再次刷新了吴老师 2009 年创造的 提 73 分的最高记录！令人兴奋！
最高提 90 分，刷新 2009 年最高提 73 分记录！
方美乔，鲁美附中高三 3 班(考前 2 个月内在翰林补课班上学)，考生号：12210104130592，考场在 50 中学,高二下学期来吴军老师处学习时,成绩最高时仅 36 分，通过 1 年多每周一次课的学习，2012 年高考成 绩为 126 分，提分 90 多分，刷新了 2009 年吴老师创造的最高提 73 分的记录。作为沈阳隆方房地产公司老 板的女儿，家庭条件相当优越，但其从不缺乏刻苦专研精神，2012 年 7 月 13 日获悉其已被一批本鲁迅美 术学院艺术设计专业录取!
刘赫绅,22 中高三 9 班,考生号：12210106150716,考场在 53 中学,通过某位重点高中参加过高考英语出 题的在职教师近 1 年的一对一补课,成绩始终徘徊在 70 分左右,但考中国民航大学飞行员的英语小分必须达 到 90 分.后来其母亲沈阳雏鹰小学马老师通过 2011 年考取一本 B 段涉外高护专业的沈阳 4 中胡兢元的母亲 鼎立推荐,找到了吴军老师,此时距离 2012 年高考还有不到 2 个半月的时间,通过每周一、三、五下午 17:30-19:00 近 30 课的学习,最终将以 2012 年高考英语 101 分的成绩如愿以偿!
高考前 3 个月,词汇量能达到初三下学期水平,本身有强烈的提分欲望,能刻苦专研，没有心理障碍的学 员，基本上，或者说 2005-2012 历年 99%提分。
徐可，沈阳 4 中高三 0 班，考生号：12210106110515，考场在 15 中学, 总分 605（过理科一本线）。 2012 年高考英语为 125 分。来时 100 多分，通过短期 10 课的学习，分数提了近 20 分.2012 年 7 月 13 日获 悉其已被一批本哈尔滨工业大学会计学专业录取!
王天池，沈阳 120 中，考生号：12210105150840，考场在省实验中学，总分 478（过理科二本线）。 2012 年高考英语为 89 分。来时接近 40 分，通过短期集中 20 多课的学习，分数提了近 50 分；
袁小力，鲁美附中高三 1 班艺考生，考生号：12210104130667，考场在 50 中学, 总分 436。按其成绩 排名基本上可以考取鲁美。通过短期集中 20 课的学习，其由来时的 30 多分，上升到本次高考 66 分，分数 翻倍，险过小分！
蒋同学，沈阳 31 中高三艺考生，考生号:12210102170004，考场在 38 中学,通过 8 次课的集中学习， 成绩由原来的 80 分左右提到 2012 年高考英语 109 分！2012 年 7 月 13 日获悉其已被一批本大连工业大学 服装设计录取!
更多提分详细资料，请亲临咨询！对于携带记者证或预交 1 课学费者，可以全部查询相关提分信息， 并任意抽查 3-5 位同学父母的联络方式核实！也可根据其所在学校班级，二次核实！
（链接 2011 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告）
吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一个艺考最低分 (临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,2011 年高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分!
2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军一对一亲授中考生学员共计 39 人，140 分以上占 97.17%；130-140 之 间为 0%；120-130 之间占 2.73%，没有 120 分以下的。其中 21 人达到了 145 分或以上，有“两匹黑马”值 得一提，他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇，另一位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班的童俊豪，他们 来吴军老师这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下，本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到了 146 分。
许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班,考生号:11210104130303； 宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考 生,考生号:11210702130017； 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班,考生号:11210105130331,2011 年高考英语分 别提高了 30-55 分不等，已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院和中央美术学院录取！
沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901, 李奕宣
学高三 3 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422, 2011 年高考英语成绩分别提高了 30-35 分不等， 已被中国传媒大学文编专业和天津师范大学播音专业录取！
李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,一本线重点大学,来吴 军高分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 127 分;
杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线, 来吴军高分英语前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分;
鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,一本线,来吴军 高分英语前 110 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 119 分。
姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班
考号：061020116，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分；
杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号：051008906，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分；
王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班
考号：061020406，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分；
袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班
考号：061021102，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分；
童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号：031009521，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分；
张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班
考号：061019414，2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分。
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!
2014 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术! 版权所有,侵权必究! 同行抄袭可耻,转载注明出处!
艺考生的救命稻草！ 突破 130 分，快速提高 30 分的锦囊妙计！ 6 步搞定任何高考英语阅读真题，一般人不告诉他（她）！
2013 吴军高考英语阅读理解 3 天提分秘术
众说周知，得阅读、完形者得天下！ 文章看没看懂不重要，关键是要选对！ 高考英语阅读的核心暗示点：词和短语！ 题目（或题干）有暗示，秘笈为你精准导航！ 选项与出题点之间存在逻辑关系，3 天帮您梳理！ 速度比完美更重要，思路比题海要有效！
2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术， 既不是神人的牛 B 押题，也不是最牛高 考班的密卷！而是沈阳高分英语家教吴军老师从 2000-2012 年 2700 多篇高考英 语阅读真题答案内幕规律衍生出的迅捷提分秘诀！ 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术是纸质的解析讲解类自学教案，而不是如 同上大课般的名师讲座光盘（如高分突破，提分宝典，四步兵法，高频考点等）， 你可以站着，躺着，甚至在卫生间里也可以阅读自学！ 立竿见影！ 以一顶百！ 年来我们在自我独门秘笈的基础上， 9 20%参阅了 132 种全国知名高考英语教案或资料（如：新东方，张清波，北京四中李俊和，管卫 东，提分宝典，高频考点等）。但发现很多名师教案与高考提分关联度小，因为 相当一部分名师只是把自己在考研和雅思领域的研究成果生搬硬套到高考英语 教学中（讲述的高频词汇严重超纲，甚至是大学 6 级的），而不是深入到 2700 篇历届阅读真题中潜心研究，效果可想而知。还有些重点高中一线老师，将自己 上课用的教案制作成光盘用以贩卖，其实质不过是高频考点和词汇的串讲，有的 甚至用 35%的篇章讲述如何记忆单词，而广告却说是提分秘笈，真是让人遗憾！ 好消息！吴军老师 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀仅释放了其 30%的功力，就 达到了 90%以上的客户满意度，为了配合文科其他科目的上市，2013 年吴军高 考英语将释放其 70%的功力，2013 年高考英语提分速度和幅度将再升一倍，看 完下列示例后，还不赶紧抢购呀！
目录： 一、2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征 二、2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词 三、擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码
四、阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则 五、阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀 六、阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律
2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征（10 条秘诀）
【2010 辽宁卷 B 篇】I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, “I?m having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking ' a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don?t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes.(转折对比,说明前面 New Yorkers 评价是
Self-centred.) Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the
guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York? A There is a strange mix of people. C. The bill is not fairly shared. B. The restaurants are expensive. D. People have to pay cash
63. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience？ A. Easy-going. B. Self-centred. C. Generous. D. Conservative.
【2012 四川卷 E 篇】So far, efforts to cut emissions（排放）of planet-warming greenhouse gases are not seen as enough to prevent the Earth heating up beyond 2℃ this century — a point scientists say will bring the danger of a changeable climate in which weather extremes are common, leading to drought, floods, crop failures and rising sea levels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs about the world’s temperature?
A. It has risen nearly 0.2℃ since 1979. B. Its change will lead to weather extremes. C. It is 0.8℃ higher in 1979 than that of 1990. D. It needs to be controlled within 2℃ in this century.
【2012 四川卷 A 篇】The seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars?（杨树）putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local steam as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean? A. The change of seasons is easily felt. B. The seasons make the scenes change. C. The weather often changes in the forest. D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.
【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for The healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55. What can we learn from the text? A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart. B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality. C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking, D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.
【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today For has turned the countries into a series of villages．Distances between them appear no greater to a modern traveler than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago. Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid,
they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. Then there is the time spent being “processed” at a modern airport. People are conveyed like robots along walkways; baggage is weighed, tickets produced, examined and produced yet again before the passenger move again to another waiting area. Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being “processed” at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines. Man, however, is now a world traveler and can not turn his back on the airplane. The working lives of too many people depend upon it; whole new industries have been built around its design and operation. The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. speed controls people?s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73.According to Paragraph3, passengers are turning back to modern high-speed trains because_____． A.they pay less for the tickets B.they feel safer during the travel C.they can enjoy higher speed of travel D.they don?t have to waste time being “processed” 75.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Air travel benefits people and industries． B.Train Travel has some advantages over air travel． C.Great changes have taken place in modern travel. D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.
2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词 17 项不到 90 个单词） （
秘诀 9：lead to
(result in, bring about, cause)是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ . A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 具体! 具体!
【2011 湖北卷 D 篇】 own generation has access to more nutritious food .more convenient our transport .bigger houses, better ears .and of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived before us .This will continue as long as we there things to make other things, This more we specialize and exchange, the better off we?ll be. 2) Brilliant advances One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ener before is that the four most basie human needs -food, clothing, fuel and shelter- have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour?s light cost six hours? work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes? work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it?s half second. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65. The candle and lamp example is used to show that A. oil lamps give off more light than candles B. shortening working time brings about a happier life. C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles. D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods. .
Control (handle, deal with )是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2012 天津卷 D 篇】 Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don?t let this get in the way. They know
they have their weaknesses, yet they don?t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________. A. seem willing to experience failures in life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely B. possess the ability to predict future life D. have potential to create something new
【2012 山东卷 D 篇】 Last year, it was a refrigerator that tweeted. This year, it?s Wi-Fi-enabled laundry machines and fridges that can tell you when your groceries are going bad. The washers and dryers, available starting in the spring, connect to any smartphone through a downloadable application. The phone can then be used as a remote control, so the machines can be turned on and off while their owners is at work or on the bus. Samsung says it?s not just something new — the app connection actually has some practical uses. “If you started to dry clothes in the morning and forgot to take them out, you can go to your phone and restart your dryer for the time when come home, so your clothes are refreshed and ready to go,” said spokesperson Amy Schmidt. The company also says that with electricity rate(电价)varying depending on the time of day, more control over when the machines are used can help save money. Perhaps, but what they will probably really accomplish is what all good technologies do —enable laziness. Rather than getting up to check on whether the laundry is done, users will instead monitor it on their phones while watching TV. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73. What can we learn about the new laundry machines? A. They can tell you when your clothes need washing B. They can be controlled with a smartphone C. They are difficult to operate D. They are sold at a low price
(missing) ; lose (lost)是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2011 全国新课标卷 A 篇】 There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of
cheaper milk thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete (竞争). Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practiced to have a delivery service. Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. 1 took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son's friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. C. He needed it for his milk bottles. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. D. He planted flowers in it.
【2010 江西卷 A 篇】 Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him. He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him. With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier? A. He was riding to school. B. He was listening to a strange sound. C. He was going fishing with his father. D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.
二段一句、二句(二段对一段进行总结或否定) 尾段首末句, 90%在末句
【2012 全国新课标卷 B 篇】 Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees? nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63. What can be the best title for the text? A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover's Helper
yet, however, instead,today,now,Although,so,
therefore, thus, as a result, because(since,as,for), one of the reasons was……, The results are……
It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog?s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places. This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn?t last long. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers A.worked very hard for centuries C.were poor but somewhat content 【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. What is the main idea of paragraph 1? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D. Stories for children are easy to remember. .
B.dreamed of having a better life D.lived a different life from their forefathers
【2012 重庆卷 E 篇】 In his 1930 essay “Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren “, John Keynes, economist, rewrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are indeed what other have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) this is not true of absolute.
Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending id decided by the superiority He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this derive as the only source of demands Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the den almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an dinner, for example, the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. The goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75.The author of the passage argues that ______. A. absolute needs have no limits B. demands for quality are not insatiable C. human desires influence ideas of quality D. relative needs decide most of our spending 【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe. Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露） environmental pollution to an increased to risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风） within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物）were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of “moderate” (良好）quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The text mainly discusses the relationship between A. heart problems and air quality C. heart problems and smoking .
B. heart problems and exercising D. heart problems and fatty food
写作目的题秘诀 13：广告文体写作目的题一般用 advertise!
【2012 重庆卷 B 篇】Top lists are lecturing people on everything from"100 books to read ". Aren't you just tired of being told what to do with your time? Now you have a list to end all lists!
Take a look at the following two examples from the list of "101 things not to do": …… Go to See the Mona Lisa? There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who the lady in the Louvre every year can?t all be wrong after all. But they can be quite and standing in front of you, holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security read. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds most. So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Tings NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20％ discount. 63. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advertise a book C. To comment on popular lists B. To introduce a website D. To recommend tourist activities.
写作目的题秘诀 17：一般说明文写作目的题常用 inform!
【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54. The writer?s purpose for writing this article is to_______. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence But 后面 violence 是重心！
写作目的题秘诀 18：新闻报道写作目的题常用 report!
【2012 全国 II 卷 D 篇】 ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) - the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton ( 骨骼 ) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 - will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday.
Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice. The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital. Addis Ababa is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom. A team from the Museum of National Service in to U.S. tour. Texas spent four years disscusing with the Ethiopians for the U.S. tour. Which will start in Houston next September. "Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,"said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum. The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York. Denver and Chicago. Officials said six other U.S. cities may be on the tour. But they said plans had not yet been worked out. Traveling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils. Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 3?-foot-ball ape-man (猿人). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The author writes this text mainly to _ A. introduce a few U.S. museums C. discuss the value of an ape-man _. B. describe some research work D. report a coming event
秘诀 9：找到信息点后核对选项，发现照抄原文的不是答案，同义替换的通 常是答案，有时结合答案特征，发现的更快！
Tanni?s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, “The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.” ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58. The underlined word “that” in the 5th paragraph refers to _______. （此题容易错选 A ，但正确答案是 C ，怎样避开陷阱？） A. fifty weeks? training C. training almost every day B. being a good sprinter D. part motivation and part preparation
推论题秘诀 3： 没有中心句（中心词四选项都有），尾段也没有核对点，则找出题点核对！
【2012 福建卷 B 篇】 At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life，and he obviously knew it. "You may wonder, Sir Percival,?? said Laura calmly, “if I am going to ask to be released (免 除）from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.“ 汉语标注处是出题核对点！ His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. "No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出）from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine. “Mine?” he said in great surprise. “What reason could I have for withdrawing?? "A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ” His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. "What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm. “ When the promise was made two years ago, ” she said, my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?” “I wish you to understand, “ Laura continued, “that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret." ?I will do both those things, “ he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more. "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, “ she added quietly. “ No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, “ he said. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. We can learn from the passage that .
A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage
文章取材题秘诀 5：若首段有小括号,里面有新华,搜狐,网易,新浪,路 透,BBC 等提示,如(XINHUA NET),或每段首句有具体时间信息点,则选项一定与 news 有关!
【2012 辽宁卷 C 篇】
If Confucius 孔子） （ were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles.He?d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out. While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It?s nothing personal. Most Americans don?t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes. But this doesn?t mean that Americans don?t care about Confucius. In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China. In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy（哲学）.Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. So the old thinker?s ideas are still alive and well. Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West. As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________. A. a biography C.a newspaper B. a history paper D. a philosophy textbook
文章取材题秘诀 6：文章首尾句看是否有关键信息点,比如 book,可能是书 的前言或简介,若有价格,与钱有关或访问某网站,则可能是广告 (advertisement)!
【2010 湖北卷 C 篇】 This brief book is aimed at high school students , but speaks to anyone
learning at any stage of life. Its formal ,serious style closely matches its content ,a school-masterly book on schooling .The author , W .H . Armstrong ,starts with the basics : reading and writing . In his opinion , reading doesn?t just mean recognizing each word on the page ; it means taking in the information,digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself .The goal is to bring the information back to life , not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees . Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other ; in fact ,the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text .I?ve seen it again and again ：some-one who can?t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn?t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion ,which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages ,math , science and history . He generally handles these topics thoroughly(透彻地) and equally ,except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情) regarding history to his students , that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across .To my disappointment , in this part of the book he ignores the arts .As a matter of fact ,they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do,though the study differs slightly in kind .Although it?s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired ,actually ,learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. These are small points, though, and don?t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------66. This passage can be classified as________. A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. A news report
【2012 北京卷 A 篇】 The Basics of Math—Made Clear Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students
with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond. The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically. Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to “make sense” of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study. By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges. Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as “the best math teacher in America,” is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary. With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers. If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? A. A news report. C. A lesson plan. B. A book review D. An advertisement
文体结构题秘诀 4：指定段落有 a man, one man, such as 等信号词时, 结构为举例(examples).
【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72．How does the writer support the underlined statement in Paragraph2? A．By giving instructions． C．By following the order of time． B．By analyzing cause and effect． D．By giving examples．
【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 One explanation is the law of overlearning , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn. The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------68.The author explains the law of overlearning by_________. A. presenting research findings C. making a comparison B. setting down general rules D. using examples
【2011 重庆卷 A 篇】There was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckers. One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best. 56. What does the underlined word “dilapidated” probably mean? A. Dirty C. Worn-out 被动答案特征！ B. Dark D. Plain-looking.
作者态度题秘诀 11：高频答案词 caring（关心的； 有同情心的）
【2012 天津卷 B 篇】 45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A. Reliable and devoted. C. Proud but patient. 【2012 辽宁卷 B 篇】 61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ? A. The are caring and thoughtful B. The are impatient and annoyed C. The are impatient and annoyed. D. The are excited and curious. B. Tough and generous. D. Strict but caring.
【2010 全国Ⅱ卷 A 篇】 45.Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy B. Polite C. Brave D. Caring
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您孩子或许接受过一对一的大型品牌英语家教服务，甚至一线在职教师的辅导， 但绝大多数的情况是，您孩子的英语分数纹丝不动甚至下降了！为什么？ 花言巧语的广告轰炸和信誓旦旦的保分承诺是让很多家长经不起的诱惑！ 其实很多品牌 家教派给您孩子的家教不过是以前在马路上举牌仅值 30-50 元/小时的应往届毕业生而已！ 最终，拿回承诺的退费比登山还难，即使退了，也换不来孩子的分数和本应美好的未来！ 在职教师有着令人信服的耀眼光环，但该好的当然是好，但该坏的照样是坏的！重点高 中的孩子并不是你在职教师教出来的，因为学苗好，都 125-130 分了，谁教都会一样的好！ 把普通学校的学生拿给在职教师教， 再用在职教师滚瓜烂熟的知识点串讲辅导和拿个五三套 题让学生去做，其结果，很难短期内事半功倍！
什么北京 XX 高分突破，60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀，2012 高分核按纽，选择 题高分模板等层出不穷，到底哪个才有效啊？与吴军高分密码有什么区别？ 有的用名头砸人（比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人，参加过高考出题，享受国务院特 殊津贴等作为卖点）；有的用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人；有的干脆模仿或照抄相 关广告文案去骗人，甄别起来，还真是有点困难！
看他或她回答的如何？另外，骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码，只留邮箱，QQ 号码和银行卡号，让你被骗之后无从寻找。另外，他们还会承诺，不满意，可以退回资料， 马上退款，还负责汇款手续费，让你觉得深信不已！其实，仔细想一想，资料都暴漏了， 谁拿到后都可以马上复印，若可以退的话，岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗？
比如，2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局！他在网上贴吧和博客 上出卖的教案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的, 是武汉某某在沈阳吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共 享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心授课 教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军 无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!
辨别有没有效，好不好使，其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告 中提分的学员是否留有学校,班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名 就很容易核实了,不符则可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某 某(或从别处粘贴了外地高考状元的照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想而知! 吴军英语的广告中声称的提分效果,都写明了学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也 是敢于让公众监督的! 比如，吴军英语关于提分在其官网上是这么写的：
2012 年高考已经结束，吴军老师今年承接了一对一或一对二，共计 87 位考生。其中刨 出一个最高分 136 分（本身来时就 130 分左右）及考前半个月左右才来学的 2 位考生，平均 提分 36.7，再创辉煌！其中值得一提的是，吴老师所授的一名学员英语单科成绩竟然提了 90 多分，再次刷新了吴老师 2009 年创造的提 73 分的最高记录！令人兴奋！
最高提 90 分，刷新 2009 年最高提 73 分记录！
方美乔， 鲁美附中高三 3 班(考前 2 个月内在翰林补课班上学)， 考生号： 12210104130592， 考场在 50 中学,高二下学期来吴军老师处学习时,成绩最高时仅 36 分，通过在 1 年多每周一 次课的学习，2012 年高考成绩为 126 分，提分 90 多分，刷新了 2009 年吴老师创造的最高 提 73 分的记录。作为沈阳隆方房地产公司老板的女儿，家庭条件相当优越，但其从不缺乏 刻苦专研精神，最后即将以艺考 482 分的优异成绩考取鲁迅美术学院!
刘赫绅,22 中高三 9 班,考生号： 12210106150716,考场在 53 中学,通过某位重点高中参加 过高考英语出题的在职教师近 1 年的一对一补课,成绩始终徘徊在 70 分左右,但考中国民航大 学飞行员的英语小分必须达到 90 分.后来其母亲沈阳雏鹰小学马老师通过 2011 年考取一本 B 段涉外高护专业的沈阳 4 中胡兢元的母亲鼎立推荐,找到了吴军老师,此时距离 2012 年高考还 有不到 2 个半月的时间,通过每周一、三、五下午 17:30-19:00 近 30 课的学习,最终将以 2012 年高考英语 101 分的成绩如愿以偿!
高考前 3 个月,词汇量能达到初三下学期水平,本身有强烈的提分欲望,能刻苦专研， 没有 心理障碍的学员，基本上，或者说 2005-2012 历年 99%提分。 徐可，沈阳 4 中高三 0 班，考生号：12210106110515，考场在 15 中学, 总分 605（过理 科一本线）。2012 年高考英语为 125 分。来时 100 多分，通过短期 10 课的学习，分数提了 近 20 分； 王天池，沈阳 120 中，考生号：12210105150840，考场在省实验中学，总分 478（过理 科二本线）。2012 年高考英语为 89 分。来时接近 40 分，通过短期集中 20 多课的学习，分 数提了近 50 分； 袁小力，鲁美附中高三 1 班艺考生，考生号：12210104130667，考场在 50 中学, 总分 436。按其成绩排名基本上可以考取鲁美。通过短期集中 20 课的学习，其由来时的 30 多分， 上升到本次高考 66 分，分数翻倍，险过小分！ 蒋同学，沈阳 31 中高三艺考生，考生号:12210102170004，考场在 38 中学,通过 8 次课 的集中学习，成绩由原来的 80 分左右提到 2012 年高考英语 109 分！
更多提分详细资料，请亲临咨询！对于携带记者证或预交 1 课学费者，可以全部查询相 关提分信息，并任意抽查 3-5 位同学父母的联络方式核实！也可根据其所在学校班级，二次 核实！ （链接 2011 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告） 吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一 个艺考最低分(临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,2011 年高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分! 2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军一对一亲授中考生学员共计 39 人， 分以上占 97.17%； 140 130-140 之间为 0%；120-130 之间占 2.73%，没有 120 分以下的。其中 21 人达到了 145 分 或以上，有“两匹黑马”值得一提，他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇，另一 位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班的童俊豪， 他们来吴军老师这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下， 本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到了 146 分。
许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班,考生号:11210104130303；宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生, 考生号:11210702130017； 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班,考生号:11210105130331,2011 年高考英语分别提高 了 30-55 分不等，已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院和中央美术学院录取！ 卢涵 沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901, 李奕宣 沈阳同泽女中学
高三 3 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422, 2011 年高考英语成绩分别提高了 30-35 分不等，已 被中国传媒大学文编专业和天津师范大学播音专业录取！ 李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,一本线重点大学,来吴军高 分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 127 分; 杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线,来 吴军高分英语前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分; 鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,一本线,来吴军高分 英语前 110 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 119 分。 姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 考号：061020116 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分。
杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号：051008906 王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号：061020406 考号：061021102
童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号：031009521 张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号：061019414
2012 吴军高考英语 3 天提分秘诀辽宁卷效果示例
举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷单选的例子： 吴军老师帮您筛选的 30 多个形容词和副词，大家看一看，是不是都在下列备选项中？ 22. We used to see each other A. especially , but I haven?t head from him since last year. C. particularly D. approximately
有些连知识点都不用，只是通过吴军老师教你的正负 / 过程和结果解题法就所向披靡 了！ 通过正负， 可知 A 和 D 可选！ 再通过过程和结果， 可知 A. with pleasure 强调的是结果， 说明借过后，表示荣幸，所以不符！电话还没借呢，故只有 D 符合。 23. — I?m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It?s rather urgent. — Yes, . B. no burry C. it doesn?t matter D. of course
A. with pleasure
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 25 页，Shall 用于第二、第 三人称，表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。这儿是说根据学校规定学生在校时 都必须要穿校服。 24. One of our rules is that every student A. might B. could wear school uniform while at school. C. shall D. will
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 25 页，有宾语主动,无宾语 被动！follow 后面有宾语，with 的宾语后面可加形容词、副词、分词、不定式、名词等作 宾补，这儿 pet dog 与 follow 构成主谓关系，所以用 following. 25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows them.
2012 吴军高考英语高频答案词一本通第 108 页，Rod 喜欢拆卸钟表，然而，他从来都 不能再重新装好。所以选 B 项。另外 However 两边句子相反，看到 put…… together, 当然 相反的就是 taking apart 啦！ 26. Rod loves A. taking apart clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. B. giving away C. making up D. turning off
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 6 页， 作“一个”， one “一本”， “一件”等解，用来代替上文提到过的 paper。相当于 a copy of paper. 28. If you?re buying today?s paper from the stand, could you get A. one B. such C. this D. that for me?
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 13 页， 把你的钥匙留给你的 邻居，以防你把自己锁在外面了。所以选 C 项。 30. Leave your key with your neighbor A. as long as B. even though you lock yourself out one day. C. in case D. as if
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-3 第 4 页，Not until 位于句首时 句子要倒装，consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后，所以用一般过 去时。 32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago A. he had considered C. he considered B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday abroad.
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 26 页， 在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中， 从句中的谓语动词用 did 或 should do.所以选 D 项。 33. Jack is a great talker. It?s high time that he A. will do B. has done C. do something instead of just talking. D. did
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 18 页， 名词性从句 4 个高频 答案词，介词 for 后面加的是宾语从句，且从句中 find 缺少宾语，故用 whatever，选 C。 34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and scarched for about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever he could find
举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷完形填空的例子来回忆一下吴军老师的完形易经，骄傲一 下自己当时精明的选择！ 首尾或上下段落呼应，复现解决问题！ When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He 36 her Inky. 37 38 playmates,”Kruger,The of farm epuipment , so I
“ I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats seventy-year-old man,says. “My hearing was damaged by the learned to connect with 39. A. animals 39 . C. farmers
in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt
47 going into shock（休克）.
He shouted for help , 48 the house. 49
his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their bedroom at the opposite end of
Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs.
“Go get Brenda, ” Krugger said to Inky. Inky 50 her to the 52 to the bedroom door and scratched Brenda found her husband B. basement 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led
the stairs and called 911. D. house
52. A. bedroom
通过同现解决问题！ 看到 rushed 后就知道很匆忙，故 50 空纠结时，通过同现校正答案，就不能误选 C 了， ran 与 rushed 同现；51 空是 C 还是 D 呢？Inky 是猫，madly 更贴切；53 空，叫 911 送医院 了，说明掉楼梯底下了。 Inky 50 her to the 52 to the bedroom door and scratched Brenda found her husband 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led
the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed
to the hospital. 50. A. walked 51. A. rapidly B. ran B. suddenly C. returned C. madly C. at the top of D. withdrew D . urgently D. in the front of
53. A. at the bottom of B. in the middle of
通过正负解决问题！ “My hearing was damaged by the with 39 38 of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect
. They react to what they see and what you do. ” B. alarm C. noise D. voice
38. A. sound
找不到主旨句或四个选项都带中心词时，看出题点，即每段首尾句和有汉语标注的地 方等，然后通过复现和同现就解决了！ Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions 使命） （ often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day?s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation ISS） ISS crewmembers usually （ . live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email, isternet phone and throhgh Private video conferenes. While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activetics that they can still enjoy. Before a mission. The family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for The astromauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their missiom, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters . And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronaouts the chance to do some “web surfing （冲浪）”in their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more commom entertainments, astromauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space.
Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth?s vast land mass and oceans. 63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts A. work for longer missions in space C. observe the Earth from space . （2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇）
B. connect with people on the Earth D. spend their free time in space
词汇 13 大解题思路使您茅塞顿开！本题仅用代入法就解决了问题！ Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions 使命） （ often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day?s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation ISS） ISS crewmembers usually （ . live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. 60. What does the word “minic”in Paragraph 1 probably mean?（2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇） A. Find B. Copy C. Change D. Lose
找到 minic 这个动词的宾语 way， way they do things 做事的方式， Find 发现？； Copy 模 仿？Change 改变？Lose 失去？way they do things 做事的方式，当然是模仿做事的方式喽！ A 大于 B，则选 A。 In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy（哲学）. Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. 65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______。（2012 辽宁卷阅读 C 篇） A. have a great interest in studying Chinese B. take an active part in Chinese competitions C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese 65 题根据题干关键字 American students 文章定位，就近原则参考点为 racing to learn Chinese. 有些同学在 A 和 D 之间纠结。如果确实区分有困难的话，可以根据“A 大于 D，则
选 A。”原则，则选 A。
矩阵法则解题:出题点;与中心词沾边;答案特征;答题步骤;核对规则. 69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? （2012 辽宁卷阅读 D 篇） A.The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers instead. B.More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. C.Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. D.The lunch menu has remained the same since the caféwas started.
69 题出题点在尾句,更有出题信号词 instead ;选项中 A 是前后矛盾的句子,符合答案特征; 选项 A 中含有的 volunteers 是文章反复出现的中心词,所以答案就可以选 A 了.
四、洞穿 7 选 5 秘诀, 吴军高考英语运筹帷幄！
答题步骤:首句定位;排比;逻辑关系;指代+同现或复现;连接词+同现或复现;先易后难,缩 小范围,从而高分突破! How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2.Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72 You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.
4.Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5.Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.
71 空发现复现词 friend,根据吴军高考英语 7 选 5 法则转折关系(形容词或副词相反,转折),选 E; 据吴军 7 选 5 法则同现原则, spoken to 与 conversation 关联,所以选 C; 项中有与原文中的复现词 together,所以选 B; 72 空根
73 空看到每段都是祁使句,而只有 B
74 空就近原则指代一致 you,复现一致 your friend,所以选 G;
75 空后面有 them,说明前面有复数名词,再加上否定句结构排比 Try not to,所以 75 空选 D.
五、改错探秘, 吴军教案看 7 遍,错点全部找到！
Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's had of
friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible Unfortunately accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In as miles
the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park until here,Gina nearly got knocked over as ∧car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They there a We
finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.
请购买 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案(增购 7 选 5 和改错版)的顾客仔细核对:
1. 第 1 句 have→had, 参考吴军改错教案一 23 页,由后面的 was 可知，这儿应该用过去时态。 2. 第 2 句 for→of, 参考吴军改错教案二 3 页押中原题,It?s kind of you 为固定用法。 3. 第 3 句 Unfortunate→Unfortunately, 参考吴军改错教案一 18 页押中原题,用副词作状语。 4. 第 4 句 for→as, 考吴军改错教案二 2 页,as a result 固定搭配。 5. 第 4 句 mile→miles, 参考吴军改错教案一 4-5 页,mile 是可数名词，并且前面是 six. 6. 第 5 句 unless→until, 考吴军改错教案二 4-5 页,这儿后面一句是一个时间状语从句，意思是我们一直等 到路通了。 7. 第 6 句 here→there, 参考吴军改错教案一 16-19 页,叙述的是别的地方发生的事，所以用 there. 8. 第 6 句 car 前加 a, 参考吴军改错教案一 1 页,car 不是特指，并且是可数名词，所以前面要加 a. 9. 第 7 句 they→we, 参考吴军改错教案一 9 页押中原题,叙述的是我们做的事，所以用 we. 10. 第 7 句去掉 to, 参考吴军改错教案二 2 页押中原题,make one?s way home 中 home 为副词，所以前面不 用介词 to。
2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术! 版权所有,侵权必究! 同行抄袭可耻,转载注明出处! 4．词义猜测题解题技能 1)四类生词类型： (1) 旧词新义，考查词汇表中未出现的词义； (2) 合成词、转化词与派生词如 shoplifting，heartbroken，computer-literate，imperfect 等； (3) “灵活”的常用词增多，这些词必须根据具体的上下文语境才能正确理解： (4) 超纲生词。如：《大纲》之外的和熟词新意的生词． 猜测词义不仅是一项阅读技巧， 也是高考阅读能力考查的一个方面， 每年在高考阅读中 都有猜测词义的试题。 掌握正确方法快速而又准确地猜测出生词的含义， 对提高阅读速度和 答题效率相当重要。 2)常见的考查形式： (1) The phrase “…” in the sentence could be replaced by ______ (2) The word “…” in the paragraph refers to ______ (3) What is the meaning of the underlined word in the paragraph? (4) What does the unlined word mean? (5) Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the phrase “…” ? (6) The word “…” most nearly means ______ 3)常见的猜测词义的方法: (1) 利用构词法 掌握构词法对猜测词义很有帮助。如：unforeseeable 这个词，可以根据构词法把它拆成 un，fore，see，able：其中 see 是词根，fore 是“先，前，预”的含义，un 是否定，able 是 “能??的，可??的”，因此 unforeseeable 是“未能预见到的”意思。 (2)利用同义近义词 在生词所出现的上下文中， 有时会出现与之同义或近义的词语或结构， 这时可从熟悉的 词语中推知生词的含义。 统称在词或短语之间有并列连词 and 或 or， 这些词语或短语在句中 作相同的成分，并且 and 或 or 连接的两项内容在含义上是接近的或递进的，由此确定同等
关系中的某个生词所属的义域，甚至推出它的大致词义。 (3)利用反义词 利用反义词来说明生词的意义，如反义词 hot and cold，perfect and imperfect，甚至前、 后句为肯定与否定等， 在句内词与词之间， 在段内句与句之间的关系上起着互为线索的作用。 (4)利用定义、解释和例证 有些文章，特别是科技文章，通常会对一些关键词给予定义，我们可以利用定义来猜测 这些词的意思。 释义法就是根据文章中的字里行间， 对生词以定语(从句)、 表语甚至用逗号、 破折号等标点符号引出并加以解释说明的方式。 为了说明或证实，文章中经常会举例，往往用来列举说明前面较难理解的词，这些例子 可帮助我们猜测生词。举例时，常常会用一些连接性的词，如：such as，like，for example， for instance，that is，namely 等。 (5)利用上下文语境 任何一篇文章中的句子在内容上都不是绝对孤立的， 都跟句子所在的段落及整整篇文章 有关。利用上下文提供的情景和线索，进行合乎逻辑的综合分析进而推测词义，是阅读过程 中的一大关键，这也是近年来高考考查的热点。 (6)根据语义转折 有时文章的作者为了增强表达效果，会用一些含有表示意思转折的连词，副词或短语。 如：though，although，still，but，yet, instead, instead of，however, while，On the contrary, on the other hand，unlike，rather than，for one thing，for another 等，我们可以根据转折意思猜 测词义。
[命题特点] 1．2008 年的阅读理解部分有三篇短文，总阅读量为 1076 个单词(不包括问题及选择项 的词数)，总题量为 15 题，分值为 30 分： 2．阅读理解题有两大变化： (1)选材方面，在保证题材多样性、语言真实性的基础上 增加了文学体裁：(2)在理解问题的设问方面，适当加大了理解的深度，避免考生采用简单 的排除法或直接与原文信息匹配找到答案： 3．阅读理解题内容新颖，体裁多样，题材丰富，时代气息浓厚，渗透现代社会的新观 念，选材融知识性、教育性和趣味性为一体，可读性较强，体现丰富的文化内涵； 4． 基本无生词， 有些词虽然不在高考英语 3500 词汇的范围内， 但属于新教材高频词汇， 学生比较熟悉， A 篇的 involve， 如 democratic 等， 篇的 negative， B objective 等， 篇的 critical， C amid；有些词可以通过构词法知识(合成、前缀、后缀、转化)理解词义，如 A 篇的 hairstyle， adulthood 等．B 篇的 self-image，tricky 等。 C 篇的 undersized．warring presence 等；还有 些生词可以通过上下文来猜测其词义， B 篇的 It very well might be that you are experiencing 如 a negative self-image because you can't move past．one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself．"flaw"对大多数考生而言是生词，但通过对 or weakness 的理解可以知道这个单词 和 weakness 同义，就不难判断它的含义是“缺点”；有些词虽然为考生所熟悉，但特定的 语境赋予了它们新的含义．考生须根据具体语境方能推知，如 A 篇中的 From clothing and hairstyles to activities and expectations，earlier generations of parents and children often appeared to move in separate orbits．“orbit”在平时的学习中表示“轨道”之意，而这里是“范围” 或“圈子”之意。 5．试卷从选材到命题都关注了考生的思维能力。选材时除关注语言的难易、题材、体 裁以外，还关注语言的思维深度，关注现在中学生的认知能力，这一点尤其是在 C 篇中体 现明显，考试后学生普遍感觉有一些题目很难选择答案，与 2008 年高考设题深度加大，迷
惑性较强有关。 6．从命题的情况看，2008 年阅读理解题各题型分配与 2007 年对比如下： 年份 2007 2008 细节题 7 7 推理题 6 6 主旨要义题 1 1 猜测词义题 1 1
[能力要求] 1．考生要有快速阅读与筛选信息、获取信息的能力以及作出判断的能力： 2．考生要有归纳全文信息，理解全篇信息间的逻辑关系并进行推理、判断的能力。 3．考生要有深层理解，挖掘文章没有明确表达的意义的能力。 4． 考生能根据上下文和中学生应有的常识判断生词的意义， 并且能识别各种题型(细节、 推理、主旨、猜词)和掌握各种题型的解题方法： 5．考生在用英语交流的过程中能理解语言隐含的情感、态度和价值观。 第一节 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 [试题分析]
Parents and kids today dress alike, listen to the same music, and are friends. Is this a good thing? Sometimes, when Mr. Ballmer and his 16-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, listen to rock music together and talk about interests both enjoy, such as pop culture, he remembers his more distant relationship with his parents when he was a teenager. “I would never have said to my mom, ?Hey, the new Weezer album is really great. How do you like it??” says Ballmer. “There was just a complete gap in taste.” Music was not the only gulf. From clothing and hairstyles to activities and expectations, earlier generations of parents and children often appeared to move in separate orbits. Today, the generation gap has not disappeared, but it is getting narrow in many families. Conversations on subjects such as sex and drugs would not have taken place a generation ago. Now they are comfortable and common. And parent—child activities, from shopping to sports, involve a feeling of trust and friendship that can continue int0 adulthood. No wonder greeting cards today carry the message, “To my mother, my best friend.” But family experts warn that the new equality can also result in less respect for parents. “There?s still a lot of strictness and authority on the part of parents out there, but there is a change happening,” says Kerrie, a psychology professor at Lebanon Valley College. “In the middle of that change, there is a lot of confusion among parents.” Family researchers offer a variety of reasons for these evolving roles and attitudes. They see the 1960s as a turning point. Great cultural changes led to more open communication and a more democratic process that encourages everyone to have a say. “My parents were on the ?before? side of that change, but today?s parents, the 40-year-olds, were on the ?after? side,” explains Mr. Ballmer. “It?s not something easily accomplished by parents these days, because life is more difficult to understand or deal with, but sharing interests does make it more fun to be a parent now.” 41. The underlined word gulf in Para.3 most probably means _________.
A. interest B. distance C. difference D. separation 42. Which of the following shows that the generation gap is disappearing? A. Parents help their children develop interests in more activities. B. Parents put more trust in their children?s abilities. C. Parents and children talk more about sex and drugs. D. Parents share more interests with their children. 43. The change in today?s parent-child relationship is _________. A. more confusion among parents B. new equality between parents and children C.1ess respect for parents from children D. more strictness and authority on the part of parents 44. By saying “today?s parents, the 40-year-olds, were on the ?after? side.” the author means that today?s parents _________. A. follow the trend of the change B. can set a limit to the change C. fail to take the change seriously D. have little difficulty adjusting to the change 45. The purpose of the passage is to _________. A. describe the difficulties today?s parents have met with B. discuss the development of the parent—child relationship C. suggest the ways to handle the parent—child relationship D. compare today?s parent—child relationship with that in the past [文章导读] 代沟是个社会热点话题， 文章比较了现在和过去父母与孩子之间关系的差异， 指出两者 的代沟在逐渐缩小， 不过依然存在， 同时指出现在父母和孩子的平等关系也会产生负面影响， 如子女对父母的不尊重等； [答案解析] 41．C 词义推测题：由上文(特别是 gap)和下句(特别是 separate orbits)可知，上几代的父 母与孩子之间不仅是在音乐爱好方面有“差异”，而且从发型、衣着，到活动、期望等各方 面，差异都很大。最大的干扰项是 distance，文章的确提到 distant relationship，但关系还没 有到不同路的地步： 42． D．归纳判断题，由第 1 段首句 dress alike．1isten to the same music 以及 talk about interests both enjoy 等可知，父母与孩子有更多的共同兴趣，表明代沟在渐渐消失：选项 A、 B、C 都属于 share interests 的范畴，D 项包括后三项，是最全面的概括： 43．B．细节理解题；第 6 段第 l 句中的 the new equality 就是上文所说的父母与孩子关 系的变化：最大干扰项是 A 和 C，如考生缺乏升华概括能力的话，就容易误选，不管是孩 子对父母缺少尊重还是父母间产生更多的迷惑， 都是这种新型的平等关系所产生的 “结果” ， 这里问的是变化是什么，而不是变化的结果是什么： 44．A. 细节理解题：结合上一段可知，today's parents 就是 60 年代后的父母，他们与 孩子有更多的交流，更加民主，他们应当是顺应这种变化趋势的： 45．B．推断写作目的，由全文内容，特别是由 the generation gap has not disappeared， but“it is getting narrow 等关键词句可知，本文主要是讨论父母与孩子之间的关系的发展过 程。 B Sometimes you?ll hear people say that you can?t love others until you love yourself. Sometimes you?ll hear people say that you can?t expect someone else to love you until you love
yourself. Either way, you?ve got to love yourself first and this can be tricky. Sure we all know that we?re the apple of our parents? eyes, and that our Grandmas think we?re great talents and our Uncle Roberts think that we will go to the Olympics. but sometimes it?s a lot harder to think such nice thoughts about ourselves. If you find that believing in yourself is a challenge. it is time you build a positive self-image and learn to love yourself. Self-image is your own mind?s picture of yourself. This image includes the way you look, the way you act, the way you talk and the way you think. Interestingly, our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about US. Unfortunately, most of these images are more negative than they should be. Thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to changing your self-image and your whole world. The best way to defeat a passive self-image is to step back and decide to stress your successes. That is, make a list if you need to, but write down all of the great things you do every day. Don?t allow doubts to occur in it. It very well might be that you are experiencing a negative self-image because you can?t move past one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself. Well, roll up your sleeves and make a change of it as your primary task. If you think you?re silly because you aren?t good at math, find a tutor. If you think you?re weak because you can?t run a mile, get to the track and practice. If you think you?re dull because you don?t wear the latest trends, buy a few new clothes. But remember, just because you think it doesn?t mean it?s true. The best way to get rid of a negative serf-image is to realize that your image is far from objective, and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities. Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image. When you can pat(拍) yourself on the back, you?ll know you?re well on your way. Good luck! 46. You need to build a positive self-image when you _________. A. dare to challenge yourself B. feel it hard to change yourself C. are unconfident about yourself D. have a high opinion of yourself 47. According to the passage, our serf-images _________. A. have positive effects B. are probably untrue C. are often changeable D. have different functions 48. How should you change your serf-image according to the passage? A. To keep a different image of others. B. To make your life successful. C. To understand your own world. D. To change the way you think. 49. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to prepare for your success. B. How to face challenges in your life. C. How to build a positive self-image. D. How to develop your good qualities. 50. Who are the intended readers of the passage? A. Parents. B. Adolescents. C. Educators. D. People in general. [文章导读] 构建积极的自我形象是进一步增强自信、 关爱自己的有效途径之一： 文章叙述了建立积 极的自我形象的内容、途径和消除消极自我形象的意义： [答案解析] 46． 细节理解题。 C. 本题题眼在第 l 段最后一句： 关键是理解 If you find that believing in
yourself is a challenge，“当你觉得自信是一种挑战时”，也就是“当你不够自信时”： 47. B． 细节理解题； 由第 2 段中的 Interestingly，our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about us，第 4 段最后一句 But remember，just because you think it doesn't mean it's true 和第 5 段第 l 句 The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far more objective ，and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities 可知， 很多时候自我形象是不真实的。 48． 细节理解题。 D． 由第 2 段最后一句 Thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to changing your self-image and your whole world 和文章倒数第 2 句 Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image 可知。 49．C．主旨大意题：第 l 段最后一句中有 build a positive self-image，第 3 段首句的 the best way to defeat a passive self-image is to...，最后一段的首句 The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to...都是说明如何构建自我形象的， 50． 推理判断题： B． 由第 l 段第 4 句中 we're the apple of our parents’ eyes...， Grandmas our think we're．．．等可知，本文应当是写给青少年阅读的： C Napoleon, as a character in Tolstoy?s War and Peace, is more than once described as having “fat little hands.?? Nor does he “sit well or firmly on the horse.?? He is said to be “undersized.?? with“short legs?? and a “round stomach”. The issue here is not the accuracy of Tolstoy?s description--it seems not that far off from historical accounts but his choice of facts：other things that could be said of the man are not said. We are meant to understand the difference of a warring commander in the body of a fat little Frenchman. Tolstoy?s Napoleon could be any man wandering in the streets and putting a little of powdered tobacco up his nose—and that is the point. It is a way the novelist uses to show the moral nature of a character. And it turns out that, as Tolstoy has it, Napoleon is a crazy man. In a scene in Book Three of War and Peace, the wars having reached the critical year of 1812,Napoleon receives a representative from the Tsar(沙皇), who has come with peace terms. Napoleon is very angry：doesn?t he have more army? He, not the Tsar, is the one to make the terms. He will destroy all of Europe if his army is stopped. “That is what you will have gained by engaging me in the war!” he shouts. And then, Tolstoy writes, Napoleon “walked silently several times up and down the room, his fat shoulders moving quickly.?? Still later, after reviewing his army amid cheering crowds, Napoleon invites the shaken Russian to dinner. “He raised his hand to the Russian?s?face,” Tolstoy writes, and “taking him by the ear pulled it gently?.” To have one?s ear pulled by the Emperor was considered the greatest honor and mark of favor at the French court. “Well, well, why don?t you say anything??? said he, as if it was ridiculous in his presence to respect any one but himself, Napoleon. Tolstoy did his research, but the composition is his own. 51. Tolstoy?s description of Napoleon in War and Peace is _________. A. far from the historical facts B. based on the Russian history C. based on his selection of facts D. not related to historical details 52. Napoleon was angry when receiving the Russian representative because _________.
A. he thought he should be the one to make the peace terms B. the Tsar's peace terms were hard to accept C. the Russians stopped his military movement D. he didn?t have any more army to fight with 53. What did Napoleon expect the Russian representative to do? A. To walk out of the room in anger. B. To show agreement with him. C. To say something about the Tsar. D. To express his admiration. 54. Tolstoy intended to present Napoleon as a man who is _________. A. ill-mannered in dealing with foreign guests B. fond of showing off his iron will C. determined in destroying all of Europe D. crazy for power and respect 55. What does the last sentence of the passage imply? A. A writer doesn?t have to be faithful to his findings. B. A writer may write about a hero in his own way. C. A writer may not be responsible for what he writes. D. A writer has hardly any freedom to show his feelings. [文章导读] 小说《战争与和平》中对拿破仑的描述与历史上的人物形象有一定的差异，作者托尔斯 泰以历史研究为基础， 用自己的方式对其进行了一定的艺术加工和提炼－51． 细节理解题。 C 由第 1 段第 4 句 The issue here is not the accuracy of Tolstoy's description--it seems not that far off from historical accounts--but his choice of facts...可知： 作者以选择事实为依据，写出了 自己笔下的拿破仑形象：关键句式 not．．．but．．． (不是??而是??)，关键词是该 句中的 choice 与选项中的 selection 同义： [答案解析] 52．A. 细节理解题：由第 2 段中的 He. not the Tsar，is the one to make the terms 可知： 拿破仑很自负，也说明了他的狂妄自大： 53． 推理判断题： D． 由文章第 3 段 To have one's ear pulled by the Emperor was considered the greatest honor and mark of favor at the French court 可推知，他认为他轻轻地拉了拉沙皇代 表的耳朵， 沙皇代表应当感到最大的光荣和受宠； 由后一句 “Well， well， why don't you say anything?'’可推断，他是希望沙皇代表赞美他、仰慕他： 54．D．推理判断题；第 2 段第 l 句“小说家通过精选某些事实来描写某一人物是表现 人物的道德本性的一种手法” 托尔斯泰用会见沙皇这件事来说明拿破仑是一个权利欲很强 ， 的人，特别期望别人对他的尊重。 55．A. 推断隐含意义。历史上的拿破仑和托尔斯泰笔下的拿破仑有很大的出入，整篇 文章也证明了作家可以根据历史事实创作， 但又不必完全忠实于自己对事实的发现， 即作者 可根据需要进行一定的提炼把人物丑化或美化。 [解题思路] 1． 考生做题时， 应在文章中确定几个名词为中心词， A 篇可以找到 interests， 如 generation gap，relationship 等为该篇的中心词，B 篇的中心词为 self-image，challenge 等， C 篇的中 心词为 description，character 等；然后分析题目考什么(推理、主旨、细节、猜词)，在题干 中划出关键词(如 42 题的关键词为 generation gap，disappearing，43 题的关键词为 change， relationship)，带着关键词在原文中快速找原信息句，用排除法确定准确答案： 2．2008 年很多考生反映读懂了文章却不知道选哪一个，其原因之一是不熟悉相关的命 题规律，理不清解题思路。除考查语篇的基本信息外，设置什么样的干扰项也决定着阅读理 解的难度。通常情况下，正确选项与干扰项之间有以下三种不同的关系，考生要学会分析：
1)干扰项与文章内容相矛盾，正确选项与干扰项为正与误的关系。如 43 题，虽然干扰 项的描述都能从文章找到相同的字眼，但 A 项和 D 项出现在同一段和同一个人话中，描述 的是：父母亲对孩子仍然很严格并具有权威性，但有一个变化，在这个变化中间，父母产生 了很多困惑，C 项是指这种新的平等造成孩子不太尊重父母了，而不是说现在父母和孩子关 系变化的内容，故干扰项都是错误的：还有 5l 题和 52 题，各干扰项与正确答案的信息句意 思不符。 2)干扰项与文章内容不矛盾，但在文章中没有相关支持信息，正确选项与干扰项之间为 实与虚的关系。如：44 题、47 题、48 题，每个干扰项虽然都有可能正确，但在文中却找不 到相关的支撑点。考生做此类题时，切忌从文章以外去寻找支持信息，把自己的、某些权威 人士的或常识性的观点作为选择的依据。 3)干扰项不仅与文章内容相符。 而且在文中可以找到相关的信息支持点， 其之所以错误， 是因为在某种程度上偏离了题目要求， 这时干扰项与答案之间为正与偏的关系： 其具体表现 经常是合理与不合理关联、准确概括与不准确概括之间的错位： 不合理关联就是把文章的深层或表层信息错误地联系在一起： 55 题最大干扰项是 B， 如 因为有的考生会受到“??，but the composition is his own”影响而误选 B．在这类题目中， 答案所揭示的合理关系多为隐含的： 不准确概括是指不能准确地按题目要求概括或提取文中的深层或表层信息， 具体表现为 涵盖过宽或过窄以及视觉错位：如 A 篇的 45 题干扰项 A、C、D 涵盖过窄： 阅读理解题的干扰项可分为三种类型：与文字中内容相矛盾称之为“误”；在文中没有 信息支持点称之为“虚”；不能完全符合题目的要求称之为“偏”：通常情况下，“误”类 干扰项错误较明显．也较易辨别；而“偏”类的干扰项比较难鉴别。为了能迅速准确地排除 干扰项并选准答案，考生答题时应按照“误否?虚否?偏否?”的三级思考程序来分析鉴别每 一个选项，即先看与文中内容是否相矛盾。再看在文中有没有信息支持点，最后看能不能完 全符合题目的要求。经过一级思考即可定论的干扰项，勿须再过多考虑；而经过三级思考仍 不能排除的选项，往往就是正确答案。
阅读理解专题练习 第 1 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 词数：365 完成时间：7 分钟 难度：*** You're in a bit of a dilemma standing in front of the produce section of your local supermarket. In one hand, you're holding a conventionally grown Granny Smith apple. In your other hand, you have one that's been organically grown. Both apples are firm, shiny and green. Both provide vitamins and fiber, and both are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. The conventionally grown apple costs less and is a proven family favorite. But the organic apple has a label that says "USDA Organic". Does that mean it's better? Safer? More nutritious? Several differences between organic and non-organic foods exist. Become a better informed consumer for your next trip to the supermarket. 'h'Conventional vs organic farming The word "organic" refers to the way farmers grow' and process agricultural products, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products and meat. Organic fainting practices are designed to encourage soil and water conservation and reduce pollution. Farmers who grow organic produce
and meat don't use conventional methods to fertilize, control weeds or prevent livestock disease. Here are other differences between conventional farming and organic farming: Conventional farmers Apply chemical fertilizers to promote plant growth, Apply insecticides to reduce pests and disease. Give animals antibiotics ( 抗 生 素 ), growth hormones( 激素) and medications to prevent disease and promote growth, housing Organic farmers Apply natural fertilizers to feed soil and plants. Use beneficial insects and birds to reduce pests and disease. Give animals organic feed and allow them access to the outdoors. Use preventive measures -- such as a balanced diet and clean housing － to help minimize disease.
* Organic or not? Check the label The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has established an organic certification program that requires all organic foods to meet strict government standards. These standards regulate how such foods are grown, handled and processed. Any farmer or food manufacturer who labels and sells a product as organic must be USDA certified as meeting these standards. Only producers who sell less than $5,000 a year in organic foods are exempt(免除) from this certification. If a food bears a USDA Organic label, it means it's produced and processed according to the USDA standards. The seal is voluntary, but many organic producers use it. 1. The main purpose of the passage is ________________. A. to promote the sales of organic food B. to inform people organic food is better for their health C. to persuade people to become informed consumers D. to compare conventional and organic foods 2. According to the passage, organic farming is intended to ________________. A. improve the quality of the soil and water B. take the place of the traditional agriculture entirely C. adopt eco-friendly methods to grow plants and feed animals D. prevent livestock from getting disease more effectively 3. According to the passage, the conventionally grown apple ________________. A. costs less but tastes worse than an organic one B. doesn't look the same as an organic one C. has proven itself acceptable by the family D. contains more fat, sodium and cholesterol 4. Which of the following methods belongs to organic farming? A. Using chemicals to kill insects and prevent disease. B. Using rotted plants as fertilizer to promote plant growth. C. Using growth hormones to speed up animals' growth. D. Using pests to reduce insects and disease. 5. From the passage we know the organic certification program ________________. A. is not meant for all producers of produce B. makes it compulsory to attach a USDA Organic label C. sets restrictions on the sales of organic produce D. requires all foods to satisfy the strict government standards
答案： 本文重点介绍了有机食品的相关情况。 1. D。 主旨大意题。 文章首先提到人们在超市面对选择传统食物还是有机食物的困惑， 接 下来写传统耕作方式和有机食物的耕作方式的区别， 由此可判断本文是对有机食物 和非有机食物的对比。 2. C。 推理判断题。根据方框中所给的采用传统种植和养殖方式和有机的种植和养殖方 式， 可以看出有机种植和养殖采用的是无污染、 不用化学药品等不妨碍生态环境的 方法，故 C 正确。 3. C。 细节判断题。根据第一段中的“Both apples are firm, shiny and green. Both provide vitamins and fiber, and both are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol.”可知这两种苹果看起来都很结实，有光泽，也都是绿色的，故 B 错误，这两种苹果都含有维生素和纤维，都不含有脂肪、钠和胆固醇，故判断 D 错误，根据第二段中的“The conventionally grown apple costs less and is a proven family favorite.”可知虽然传统方式种植的苹果比较便宜，但却符合家 人的口味，故可判断 C 正确。 4. B。 细节判断题。 通过方框中对两种种植和养殖的方式进行对比， 可以看出用腐烂的植 物做肥料是有机种植的方式，故 B 正确。 5. A。 推理判断题。倒数第二段提到 USDA 为有机食物制定了严格的标准，而传统食物无 需达到这些标准，也就是这个标准是专门为有机食物制定的，故选 A。
阅读理解专题练习 第 2 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 词数：288 完成时间：6 分钟 难度：** Alia Sabur, from Northport, N. Y., US, went to college at age 10. And four years later, Sabur became a bachelor of science in. Applied Mathematics summa cum laude（以最优等成绩） from Stony Brook University -- the youngest female in US history to do so. Her education continued at Drexel University, where she earned a Master of Science and a Doctor of Philosophy (哲学博士) in Materials Science and Engineering. With an unlimited future ahead of her, Sabur directed her first career choice to teaching. "I really enjoy teaching," she said. She was three days short of her 19th birthday in February, 2008, when she was hired to become a professor at Konkuk University in Seoul, Korea. This distinction made her the youngest college professor in history, according to the Guinness' Book of Worm Records, beating the previous record held by Colin Maclaurin, a student of Isaac Newton, in 1717. Although she doesn't start until next month, Sabur has taken up teaching math and physics courses at Southern University in New Orleans. Sabur is old enough to teach in the city, but not to join her fellow professors in a bar after work. In Korea, where the drinking age is 20, she might have more luck. In traditional Korean culture, children are considered to be 1 year old-when they are born, and add a year to their age every New Year instead of their actual birthday, so in Korea Sabur is considered 20. On top of her unprecedented (空前的) academic achievements, Sabur has a black belt in Tae Kwon Do (跆拳道黑带). She is also a talented clarinet (竖笛) player who has performed with musicians like Lang Lang and Smash Mouth. So is there anything Sabur can't do?
6. We can learn from the passage that Sabur is ________. A. America's youngest bachelor of science B. Drexel University's youngest student C. the world'syoungest college professor D. the world's youngest female teacher 7. When Sabur was hired as a professor, her actual age is ________. A. fourteen B. eighteen C. nineteen D. twenty 8. What does the author mean by saying "she might have more luck" (in Paragraph 3)? A. Sabur might be permitted to drink in a Korean bar. B. Sabur would be allowed to attend parties in Korea. C. Sabur is old enough to teach at Konkuk University. D. Sabur is lucky to be hired by Konkuk University. 9. What does the author mainly want to show in the last paragraph? A. Sabur spends little time in study. B. Sabur likes music more thain sports. C. Sabur has her own way to relax. D. Sabur is talented in many ways. 10. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. Alia Sabur is the youngest female doctor from Stony Brook University. B. Colin Maclaurin has once been the youngest college professor in the world. C. In Korea, Alia Sabur is not allowed to drink for she is still underage. D. Alia Sabur knows anything but Tae Kwon Do. 答案： 美国女孩 Sabur 今年被吉尼斯世界纪录评为世界上最年轻的教授。 6. C。 细节判断题。根据第二段最后一句 This distinction made her the youngest college professor in history ．．．可知，Sabur 是世界上最年轻的大学教授。distinction 在 此处的意思是“卓越，殊荣”，指上一句提到的“Sabur 在差三天 19 岁生日时， 被韩国建国大学聘为教授”这一殊荣。 7. B。 细节理解题。 根据第二段第三句 She was three days short of her 19th birthday ． ． in ． Seoul, Korea 可知，Sabur 被聘为教授那天，距她的 19 岁生日还差三天，因此，当 时她还是 18 岁。 8. A。 句意理解题。根据第三段的 In Korea, where the drinking age is 20 和 in Korea Sabur is considered 20 可知，在韩国 Sabur 可能被允许进入酒吧。第三段最后一句的大意为： 根据传统韩国文化，孩子一出生算一岁，每年过新年的时候就长一岁，不需要等到 过生日那天，所以，在韩国 Sabur 被认为是 20 岁。 9. D。 段意理解题。 最后一段介绍了 Sabur 在其他领域取得的骄人成绩。 最后一句 So is there anything Sabur can’t do?表达了作者对 Sabur 多才多艺的赞叹。 10. B。 根据第 2 段 beating the previous record by Colin Maclaurin, a student of Isaac Newton, in 1717 可以推断 Colin Maclaurin 曾经是美国吉尼斯世界记录上最年轻的教授。
阅读理解专题练习 第 3 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。
Why should I teach my children history? That sounds like a stupid question to even ask. But, as I hear different home schooling teachers discuss history, I get the idea that there may be different reasons for teaching history. Let me briefly explain the three good reasons for studying history and two bad reasons for studying history. The major reason I see for studying history is that we can learn from the past. I am convinced that the world would be a much better place if more people understood the successes and failures of the past and the thifigs that made these successes and failures. However, as the unfortunately true statement goes "the one thing we seem to learn from history is that we don't seem to learn from history." Perhaps at least in teaching history, to my children I can do a small part in changing this. A second major reason for studying history is that it is hard to understand the current political climate in the absence of an understanding of its historical context. We can- not even understand why we are and where we are without history, much less (更不必说) try to figure out where we are going or how we should get where we want to be. I teach my children history, for one more reason. I purchased a set of historical audio (录音机) tapes for our children. My seven-year-old son listened to them over and over. It was my hope that he would become inspired by the accomplishments of people like the Wright brothers to accomplish things by himself. I think that it is good that we celebrate the accomplishments of people like Martin Luther King Jr. if, in doing so, young people are called on to stand for the principles that he stood for and accomplish what he accomplished. I also think that by studying people like Adolph Hitler, people can learn to stand against the things that he stood for. 11. What message can we get from the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 ? A. Many people aren't clever enough to learn well from the past. B. Many people fail to make good use of history and make the same mistakes. C. Many people feel it hard to understand history. D. Many people have no interest in studying history. 12. In Paragraph 3, the author shows that history is useful because _______________. A. it makes the current political situation go smoothly B. it helps us realize the importance of historical events C. it helps us understand why things are the way they are D. it helps people accept the present situation where they live 13. Some historical figures are mentioned in the last paragraph to show ______________. A. people can be inspired to do good, while also learning to fight against evil B. people may also learn from bad historical figures C. more celebrations should be held to honor their achievements D. today?s people can also achieve what they achieved 14. What would be talked about in the following paragraph? A. How to teach history effectively. B. Some negative reasons for studying history. C. How to get more people to study history. D. Some bad historical figures. 15. The main purpose of this passage is to ____________. A. ins[me the parents to teach their children history
B. show the importance of history in politics C. explain the reasons why children study history D. introduce the writer' s own way of teaching history, 答案： 本文主要讲了学习历史的三个主要的正面的原因。 一是， 以史为鉴， 可以从历史中吸取教训。 二是，在了解历史的基础上，更好得了解目前的状况。三是，鼓励人们向伟大的历史人物学 习，为社会多做贡献。 11. B。 细节推断题。 根据第二段首句可知作者认为学习历史的一个重要的原因是从过去的 历史学到东西， 但是不幸的是“我们好像从历史中学到的东西是我们好像并没有从 历史中学到东西”这句话的含义表明， 实际上很多人并没有从充分利用好历史的价 值，因此作者希望在教授自己的孩子历史时可以尽一点力量改变这一现状。 12. C。 推理判断题。根据第三段第一句“A second major reason for studying history is that it is hard to understand the current political climate in the absence of an understanding of its historical context.”可知，如果不了解历史我们 就可能不知道当前的政治气候， 就不可能知道我们为什么会成为我们现在的样子等 等， 因此可以推断学习历史可以让我们知道很多事情的形成的原因， 直到很多事情 为什么会是现在的样子。 13. A。 细节推断题。根据“It was my hope that he would become inspired by the accomplishments of people like the Wright brothers to accomplish things by himself.”这句话可知， 作者希望孩子能向历史人物学习， 做出伟大的贡 献。 14. B。 推理判断题。 根据文章的第一段“Let me briefly explain the three good reasons for studying history and two bad reasons for studying history.”可知作者 在谈完了学习历史的积极的原因之后， 就要在后面的段落中谈论学习历史的一些消 极的原因。 15. C。 主旨大意题。 根据文章第一段的内容可知作者旨在对孩子们学习历史的有益和有害 的原因进行说明。
阅读理解专题练习 第 4 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 词数：341 完成时间：6 分钟 难度：** One year, my school report made my parents angry. On Christmas Eve, all the presents were stolen, along with our TV. My parents told me that there were no presents because Santa was very angry with my behavior over the past year. The next year on Christmas Eve I slept downstairs with a plastic sword waiting for Santa to make sure that he didn't steal the new TV. The next morning, when I woke up, I saw Santa standing there. As soon as I saw that there were no presents, I grabbed my plastic sword and ran at him, shouting angrily: "THIEF! THIEF!" Jack When I was young, we always had a specific room for the Christmas tree. My mom never really liked the location, so one year she moved the tree into another room. I was convinced that Santa would not know where the tree was and would get lost in our house. I was worried that he would be mad and put me on the "bad" list and would not give me any gifts because he couldn't
find the tree. I came up with the idea to make signs leading from the fireplace to the tree. They said things like: "Tree this way" or "Santa, put the gifts over here." When my big brother saw them he began to laugh his head off. Lucy Does everyone remember going to the mall and sitting on Santa?s lap to have his picture taken at Christmas time? Well, I used to think that if I did that, Santa would get mad because he would have to go all around the world and give every kid the chance to have his picture taken with him. Of course his lap would hurt and he would be very fired. I thought he might keep a copy of the picture and that would be how he decided who would be on his naughty list. My mom couldn't get me onto Santa's lap until she made him promise I wouldn't end up on his naughty list. Lydia 16. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Belief in Santa B. The Excitement on Christmas C. Christmas Gifts D. Christmas Celebration 17. The real reason why Jack's TV was taken away is that ______________. A. his parents were too careless B. his parents thought he had watched too much TV C. Santa Claus was not satisfied with Jack?s behavior D. Santa gave the TV to another child as a present 18. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons why Lucy didn't want the tree to be moved? A. Santa would not know where the tree was. B. Santa would be angry and would not give her any gifts. C. Her big brother might laugh at her. D. Santa might think she was a "bad" child. 19. We can learn from the third story that _______________. A. Lydia?s mother was very Strict with her B. Lydia believed in Santa when she was young C. Lydia was naughty when she was young D. Lydia liked taking pictures with Santa 20. Why didn't Lydia want to take pictures with Santa? A. She was afraid that Santa would get mad with her. B. She was afraid that Santa would get too tired and hurt himself. C. She disliked the idea that Santa would keep a copy of her picture. D. She feared that she would appear in the Santa's naughty list. 答案： 曾经童真的我们， 都相信过圣诞老人的存在， 儿时的天真现在想来可能会让大家忍俊不 禁，下面就让我们听听这三个人讲述自己童年时代与圣诞老人的故事?? 16. A。 主旨大意题。 三个故事都是关于儿时与圣诞老人的故事， 而且三个故事的讲述者在 儿时都相信圣诞老人的存在，所以 A 项正确。 17. B。 细节理解题。第二个故事一开始就告诉我们 Jack 在学校的成绩通知书使他父母很
生气，所以父母认为是看电视太多导致成绩下降，在圣诞前夕就把电视藏起来了， 却告知 Jack 电视是圣诞老人对 Jack 上一年的表现不满而被偷走了。 18. C。 细节理解题。 哥哥笑是因为他知道世界上根本就没有圣诞老人， 看到妹妹天真的行 为感到好笑。所以这个不是让 Lucy 不想让圣诞树移位的原因。 19. B。 细节判断题。由最后一段“My mom couldn’t get me onto Santa’s lap until she made him promise I wouldn’t end up on his naughty list.”可知 Lydia 相信 这个世界上有 naughty list 的存在， 也相信圣诞老人有把她放到“淘气孩子名单” 的权力，那么，很自然，这一切都表明 Lydia 相信这个世界存在圣诞老人。 20. D。 细节理解题。根据 Lydia 的描述可知，Lydia 害怕圣诞老人与她合影后，又不得不 走遍全世界和每一个孩子合影，这样圣诞老人会很累，有可能因此会迁怒于她，把 她放到“淘气孩子名单”中， 所以她才不愿意和圣诞老人合影， 项是最后的结果， D 也因此是使 Lydia 不愿意和圣诞老人合影的最根本原因，所以 D 项正确。
阅读理解专题练习 第 5 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 词数：241 完成时间：6 分钟 难度：** Some time ago, I discovered that one of my chairs had a broken leg. I didn't think there would be any difficulty in getting it mended, as there are a lot of antique (古董) shops near my home. So I left home one morning carrying the chair with me. I went into the first shop expecting a friendly reception. I was quite wrong. The man wouldn't even look at my chair. The second shop, though slightly more polite, was just the same, and the third and the fourth, so I decided that my approach must be wrong. I went into the fifth shop with a plan in my mind. I placed the chair on the floor and said to the shopkeeper, "Would you like to buy a chair?" He looked it over carefully and said, "Yes, not a bad chair. How much do you want for it, sir?" "Twenty pounds," I said. "OK," he said, "I'll give you twenty pounds." "It's got a slightly broken leg," I said. "Yes, I saw that, it's nothing." Everything was going according to my plan and I was getting excited. "What will you do with it?" I asked. “ Oh, it will be easy to sell once the repair is done." "I'll buy it," I said. "What do you mean? You've just sold it to me." he said. "Yes, I know but I've changed my mind. I'm sorry, but I'll give you twenty-seven pounds for it." "You must be crazy," he said. Then, suddenly the penny dropped. "I know what you want. You want me to repair your chair." "You're right," I said, "And what would you have done if I had walked in and said, “Would you mend this chair for me… ?” "I wouldn't have agreed to do it," he said, "We don't do repairs, not enough money in it and too much trouble. But I'll mend this for you, shall we say for a fiver?" He was a very nice man and was greatly amused (感到有趣) by the whole thing. 21. We can learn from the text that in the first shop the writer ____________. A. was rather impolite. B. was warmly received. C. asked the shopkeeper to buy his chair. D. asked the shopkeeper to repair his chair.
22. The expression "the penny dropped" in the last paragraph means the shopkeeper __________. A. changed his mind B. accepted the offer C. saw the writer's purpose D. decided to help the writer 23．How much did the writer pay? A．￡5． B．￡7． C．￡20． D．￡27． 24．From the text，we call learn that the writer was ________. A．honest B．careful C．smart D．funny 25．The word“approach”in the second paragraph means ________ in Chinese in this passage． A. 观点 B．接近 C. 走近 D．办法 答案： 21．答案是 D. 在第一家商店，店家连看都不看一眼，可见他想请人修椅子被拒绝了，后来 在第二、三、四家也被拒绝： 22．答案是 C．从对方的回答“我知道你想干啥，你想让我帮你修椅子”可知他的计谋被识 破， 23．答案是 A．“我”主动提出给七英镑作为维修费，而“他”很好(a very nice man )，提 出“fiver'’，可见它的意思是五英镑。 24．答案是 C 从文中不难看出“我”是什么样的人：随机应变，灵活。 25．答案是 D．
阅读理解专题练习 第 6 篇
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 词数：330 完成时间：6 分钟 难度：** With all the wars, fighting and sadness in the world today, it's not only necessary, but also essential to have a good sense of humor just to help us get through each and every day of our lives. Putting a smile on someone's face when you know they are feeling down in the dumps ( 处于沮 丧中), as the saying goes, makes me feel good and warms my heart. How would you feel if you could not joke around with your wife, husband, child, co-worker neighbor, close friend, or even just someone that you are standing in line with at your comer store? I am always saying things that make others smile or laugh, even if I don't know the person I'm joking around with. My Grandma always found humor in everything she did, even if it was the hardest job anyone could imagine. This not only relieves stress in any situation, but also is common courtesy (礼貌) to speak to others that are around you. I know of a few people that don?t have a funny bone in their bodies, as they say. Everyone around them could be rolling on the floor after hearing a great joke and they would sit there without the slightest smile on their face. They don't get the joke that makes others laugh. I am busting a gut while they just sit there, looking at me as if I were from outer space. How can people not get a really funny joke? Laughing is essential to keep your stress levels under control. Without humor we would find ourselves with a lot of psychological problems, or on a lot of medications to keep us from going crazy. There is too much sadness in this present world. It drives people crazy. We all need to find a way to bypass the sadness and bring a little light into our lives. So, I believe our best medicine is to get together and tell some jokes and have some fun laughing together. 26. According to the author, humor is useful in the aspect that ____________.
A. it makes people more confident B. it can pick up people' s spirits C. it can help get rid of the cruelty in the world D. it can help people get on well with others 27. The author answers the question in the second paragraph with ___________. A. facts and descriptions B. evidence and argument C. examples and conclusion D. stories and persuasion 28. The phrase “busting a gut" in the third paragraph can be replaced by __________. A. explaining carefully B. speaking loud C. keeping silent D. laughing hard 29. In writing the passage, the author mainly intends to __________. A. talk about his own understanding of humor B. encourage people to be humorous in daily life C. introduce a practical way to get through daily life D. convince people of the power of being optimistic about life 30. What is the author' s attitude towards the present world? A. Positive. B. Critical. C. Satisfied. D. Indifferent. [答案] 面对世上的战争、斗争和悲伤，如何才能让自己快乐地生活呢？学会幽默，你就可以做 到这一点。作者通过自己的很多亲身经历，说明了幽默的作用，鼓励人们学会幽默，以积极 的态度面对生活。 26. B。 细节推断题。根据第一段中的“Putting a smile on someone?s face when you know they are feeling down in the dumps, as the saying goes, makes me feel good and warms my heart.”可知幽默可以让那些情绪低落的人脸上露出微笑，由此判断幽默的作用在于 提高人们的情绪。 27. C。 推理判断题。 在第二段中作者提到了自己和奶奶在日常生活中非常幽默， 这是在举 例说明；第二段的最后一句话是在总结幽默在日常生活中的作用，因此答案为 C。 28. D。 词义推断题。根据第三段中“Everyone around them could be rolling on the floor after hearing a great joke, but they would sit there without the slightest smile on their face. They don?t get the joke that makes others laugh.”可知并不是所有的人都能理解一个 笑话的可笑之处，有些人会笑得不得了，而有些人却无动于衷；然后作者再根据自 己亲身体会进一步说明：他大笑的时候，而那些人却只是坐在那里，像看着外星人 一样地看着他，由此可判断用 D 项代替 bust a gut。 29. B。 主旨推断题。 根据文章内容尤其是最后一段最后一句“So, I believe our best medicine is to get together and tell some jokes and have some fun laughing together.”可知作者是 在说明幽默的作用后来鼓励人们在日常生活中学会幽默应对这个压力重重的世界。 30. B。 推理判断题。根据第一段的“With all the wars, fighting and sadness in the world today ...”以及末段的“There is too much sadness in this present world. It drives people crazy.”可知作者对当前的世界持批判的态度。
I. 解题步骤 第一步：跳读首尾句，判断文体，预测主题。 一般来讲，高考完形填空的首、尾句是不挖空的，先跳读这两句，便可判断体裁，猜想它 要讲什么。若首句交代了 when, where, who, what,即四个 W，那么就是记叙文，很可能就是 一个故事， 为了测试语篇的理解能力， 出题者特别注意选材的趣味性， 其结尾往往出人意料， 耐人寻味；若首句是提出或解释说明某事物，一般来说是说明文；若首句提出一个论点，那 么就是议论文。 第二步：通读全文，把握大意。 做完形填空时要注意文章开头提示句的点题作用和短文中完整句的启示作用。 首先要快 速浏览全文，弄清各段落之间，各层次之间的内在联系，把握文章的完整性。只有这样才符 合这种题型的解题思路。 第三步： 逐句细读，确定选项。 大致把握了全文的大意和作者的意图之后， 就可以根据上下文， 选取与文意最贴切的选 项。此时，应遵循先易后难的原则，对有把握的选项“一锤定音”。对没有把握的选项不妨 先放一放，接着往下看，往往会出现“柳暗花明”的情况。 第四步：再次阅读，复查答案。 复查时从意义和语法两个角度考虑， 着眼于全篇。 特别注意的是， 我们所选的是 “最佳” 选项而不是“正确”答案。 上述三步可概括为：一步粗读寻思路，二步细读选答案，三步复读纠错误，若能沉着照 此办，胸有成竹少失误。 II. 解题技巧 ①. 根据上下文语境来确定最佳选项 近年来的完形填空试题在选项的设置上越来越
淡化语法结构，重在文意的干扰，即把具体的语言知识溶进具体的语言情景中去，考查考生 通过上下文的前后提示或暗示， 对整体文意进行把握的能力。 这种考查方式所占的比例较大， 且难度也大， 若单纯从句子或个别段落来分析， 或许所给的四个答案在语法和结构上都是正 确的，若放在全局，则不一定正确。因此，快速浏览全文，领悟文章主旨，通过上下文的语 境来选择答案是解决这类题的关键。 [例 1] (2004 浙江卷) Bob had just made a “motherhood contract(合同)”—declaring that for 70 days this summer he would 37 the care of their four children and all the housework. Although
he didn?t even know how to make coffee when he signed, he was very confident…. After 40 of the 70 days, he was ready to give up. “ I was beaten down, “ admits Bob. “Not only is motherhood a 40 task, it is an impossible job for any normal human being.”…. 37. A. stick to B. set about C. think about D. take over
40. A. strange
[解析]37 题从语法角度考虑四个选项都可以接受，但是从上下文考虑，文章中我们可以读 到男主人和女主人之间是自愿签订了一个代替母亲做家务和照看孩子 70 天的合同。所以， 自签订合同之日起，他将接替妻子所有的家务。D（ take over）选项从词义和语法上都符 合上下文。40 题可以从上文 的 beaten down 和下文的 impossible job 可以判断出选择 C （difficult）。 ②. 根据生活常识及文化背景知识进行逻辑推理 完形填空往往以自身的内容提供完
整的语篇信息， 其间交织渗透着各类相关的文化背景知识和生活常识， 考查考生灵活运用该 方面知识的能力。解决这类题目，考生不仅要有广博的知识、丰富的生活经历，还要能够驾 驭全文，不仅理解文章的表层意义，而且要弄清文章的深层意义。当对语言的把握不很准确 时，可充分利用社会文化知识和生活常识来帮助判断。 [例 2] But we ran so much that, afterwards, we had trouble A. speaking B. sleeping C. breathing 45 . D. moving
[解析]第 45 小题 根据常识，一般跑得太多的结果是气喘吁吁，所以选 breathing，表 示跑后“喘不过气来”； speaking 和 sleeping 都不是跑步所带来的特有结果； 而 如果跑后不能 moving（动）了，那就对身体损伤太大了，所以这个词太过分。 ③. 根据词语的习惯用法和固定搭配来选择答案 词的固定搭配，特别是动词的搭配
在完形填空题中出现的比例也是比较大的， 多数题目涉及到动词的用法和各种搭配关系， 这 是由动词在句子中的重要性决定的。 动词在搭配关系上与名词、 介词、 副词的用法紧密相关。 解决这类题目要求考生多读、多记，对所学词语或固定搭配牢固掌握，并能灵活运用。 [例 3] , for example, the neatly-dressed woman I used to see -- or look at -- on my way to
work each morning. A. Make B. Take C. Give D. Have
[解析]本题掌握 take … for example 这一固定搭配可知答案为 B (Take)。 ④. 根据词汇的意义及用法辨析词义从而确定答案 要做好这种题目，必须尽量将词语
辨析与情节推理和逻辑推理结合起来，从词汇意义入手，抓住情节线索解决问题。 [例 4] When the papers were mistakes throughout the test. A. examined B. completed C. marked D. answered , she discovered that twelve boys had made exactly the same
[解析] 本题考查动词辨义。空白处需要一个动词的过去分词与 were 构成谓语。 各个选项 都有可能是正确答案， 迷惑项有较强的干扰性， 因为该词可以构成考生比较熟悉的动宾搭配： examined the papers （审查试卷）、completed the papers（完成试卷）、marked the papers(批 阅试卷)、 answered the papers (回答试卷)。 可下文是 “she discovered that twelve boys had made exactly the same mistakes throughout the test.（他发现 12 个学生在考试中犯了完全一样的错
误） ， 老师只有在 ” “批阅给分” 时才有可能发现这种情况， 所以正确答案应为 C(marked)。 由于许多词汇在上下文中以不同形式反复出现，请注意以下几点： (1) 同一词上下文复现：很多正确选项常是上文或下文中出现的词。 (2) 同义词复现： 连接两同义的词或句子。 and happy and gay； unhappy and disappointed. (3) 反义词复现： but 连接两个含义相对的词： small but neat； expensive but tasty； gave them reason to reflect on their past and plan for their future. (4) 词汇链即不同词类的联想：如：believe 和 belief；think 和 thought；repairman 和 fix one's car. (5) 词义深层内涵的区别：如：“普通的”在英语中有多词可用，但含义不同。common： 强调事情发生的频率，非罕见的，如 common sense； ordinary： 强调事物的等级、一般和 日常、平凡之含义，如：ordinary people ；usual：强调习惯；general：强调大多数，较少例 外；normal：含义为标准的，常态的。 ⑤利用语法分析解题 完形填空题中也有考查语法知识的题目。对于他们，考生不仅要理 解上下文的逻辑关系，更要有针对性地对语法结构、句式特点，对短文中所设空格中需填的 词在句子里作什么成分，哪类词合适，应采取什么形式等等进行必要的分析思考，从而迅速 解决问题。比如，选用动词就要考虑各种时态、语态、语气、谓语形式、非谓语形式、及物、 不及物、持续性质、非持续性质、主谓搭配以及其如何与其它词类配合使用等一系列问题。 熟练地掌握基础语法知识并运用其进行分析解答完形填空题是一种非常有效的解题方法。 [例 5](2003 全国卷) I played a racquetball game against my cousin Ed last week. It was one of the most surprising and tiring games I've ever had. When Ed first phoned and laughed quietly, figuring on an easy victory. …… A. declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested we play, I
[解析] 分析句子结构可看出 we play 应为宾语从句，只有 suggest 后的宾语从句的谓语用 should 加动词原形，should 省略。又如： （2004 天津卷）I was leaving A. while B. when 49 several girls camp up to me. C. as D. since
[解析] “be doing …when…”为常用句子结构， 意思为 “正在这个时候….” 所以选 B. when） 。 （ 。 ⑥．利用语篇标志解题 语篇一般指比单个句子长的语言单位，如句群，段落、篇章等。 语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语，这些词语可称为语篇标志。如：表示结构层 次的语篇标志语有：firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally 等。表示逻辑关系的有：thus， therefore， so 等；表示改变话题的有：by the way 等 ；表示递进关系的有 besides, what is more, further 等; 表示时间关系的有 before, so far, yet, meantime, meanwhile, now, later 等等。在做完形填 空题时， 如果能充分利用这些语篇标志语， 就可以迅速理清文章的脉络， 弄清上下文的关系。 [例 6] （2004 北京卷） What laughing 42 we had about the 43 respectable method for
moving spaghetti from plate to mouth.
44 , I wanted to write about that, but I wanted to
it down simply for my own 46 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition teacher. write something else. 44. A. Especially B. Probably C. Suddenly
47 , I would
[解析]第 44 小题考查依据语篇标志语做出判断的能力。文章一开始作者谈到由于写作文引 发的一段回忆，回忆后提到“I wanted to write about it”。especially 表示程度上的递进, 与 上下文不符。 fortunately 不符合语境， probably 与“I wanted to write about it”前后矛盾， 所以 C（suddenly）为最佳选项。 ⑦．利用排除法解题 有时我们会遇上这样的情况：对某个题目的正确选项的含义、用 法不甚明了、但发现其它选项却有显而易见的谬误，这时候我们可以试试排除法：将干扰项 逐项检查验证，凡发现有错误的选项，立即剔除出选择范围。随着选择范围的缩小，选项的 准确率就会不断提高。经过这样分析推敲弃误留正，便会水落石出，找出正确答案。排除法 如果运用得好，可以收到事半功倍的效果。 [例 7] Waiting above the crowded streets, on top of a building 110 stories high, was Philippe Petit. This daring Frenchman was about to World Trade Center. A. throw B. walk C. climb D. fix 31 a tightrope (绷索) between the two towers of the
[解析]考生如果对 walk 作及物动词的用法不是很熟悉，很难直接选出答案。在这种情况下 运用排除法就会非常方便实用。我们可以先将明显不合题意的三项 A、C、D 排除掉。因为 下文中提到 Philippe Petit 在绷索上走了七个来回（Philippe Petit made seven trips, back and forth）。所以很明显这个大胆的法国人不是在两楼之间扔（throw）绳子，也不是顺着绳子 朝上攀登(climb)，更不是在两座楼间固定(fix)绳子。剩下的 B(walk)当然是正确答案了。 ⑧．摆脱定势逆向思维 考生如果学习方法不当，对某些知识点进行了过度强调，就
会产生思维定势。例如过度强调 make sb. do sth. 这一结构，当看到 make sb. 时就会不假 思索地用不带 to 的不定式 do sth.作宾语补足语。其实 make sb. 后面也有可能接不定式短语 的。 The father made a paper tiger to please his son. 不过 to please his son 不是宾语补足语， 如： 而是目的状语。 思维定势使一些考生形成猜题的心理。 完形填空题中常利用反猜手段设计一 些似是而非的题目，利用学生的思维定势，诱导学生“误入歧途”。 [例 8] I was very thin when I started football, but as a member of this team I wouldn?t eat much, because I was afraid of being too 48 to run. I feared making mistakes, and the added 49 . D. big D. state
pressure caused me to make more than my usual 48. A. full 49. A. size B. tired B. share C. lazy
[解析]第 49 小题前面提到 making mistakes（犯错）及 make more（犯更多错） ，根据意义应
该找一个能代替错误的名词，本句句意并不是在讨论错误大小，size 显然不对，它与 more 也不搭配；space（空间） 、state（状态）都与错误没关系；B. share（份儿） 可以表示在错 误中所占比例，与前面的 more 联系起来，可以说明犯更多的错。可是不少考生由于受定势 思维影响，不敢选 share，似乎永远在分东西时，才用 share，而从没想过“错误”也用它，这 充分证明学生的语言体验不足、 掌握词义比较死板； 其次也说明他们缺少把上下文与空白之 间进行逻辑联系的能力。 总之，完形填空解题时要注意运用适当的技巧，克服急躁心理，试着从上下文角度、文 化背景角度、生活常识角度、惯用法和固定搭配及语法和词义角度等多角度来进行分析，也 就是把多种方法结合起来。