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太阳能灯具和LED灯具专业英语翻译


太阳能灯具和 LED 灯具专业英语翻译

工作环境温度:Working temperature 工作电压:Supply voltage 额定电源频率 Rated power frequency 额定功率 Rated power 驱动电源效率 Power supply efficiency 功率因数 Power-factor(PF) LED 发光效率 LED l

uminoue efficiency 灯具初始光通量 Luminous flux 灯具出光效率 Lamp Flux 色温 Color temperature 显色指数 CRI: Ra>75 防护等级 IP rating:IP65 使用寿命 Working life 外壳材质 Shell material character 产品尺寸 Size(A*B*C mm) 重量 Net weight (kg) 包装尺寸 Packing dimensions(mm)

太阳能的相对多一点:

交流电 两种电的形态之一: 交变电流, 常用于住家中.

非晶 具有无周期型的原子结构.

非晶硅 有时简称为'a-硅'作为一种无序半导体材料用于增强等离子体化学蒸汽沉积(PECVD)工艺中. 此 工艺可用来在不锈钢的基片上产生薄膜太阳能发电层. 安培 (Amps) 电流单位. 可视为电力流动的数量单位 光伏矩阵或发电板阵 (Array - photovoltaic) 太阳能发电板串联或并联连接在一起形成矩阵. 阻流二极管 (Blocking Diode) 用来防止反向电流, 在发电板阵中, 阻流二极管用来防止电流流向一个或数个失效或有遮影的 发电板 (或一连串的太阳能发电板) 上. 在夜间或低电流出的期间, 防止电流从蓄电池流向光伏 发电板矩阵." 光伏发电系统平衡 (BOS or Balance of System - photovoltaic)

光伏发电系统除发电板矩阵以外的部分. 例如开关, 控制仪表, 电力温控设备, 矩阵的支撑结构, 储电组件等等. 旁路二极管 (Bypass Diode) 是与光伏发电板并联的二极管. 用来在光电板被遮影或出故障时提供另外的电流通路. 光伏发电板 (电池) (Cell-photovoltaic) 太阳能发电板中最小的组件. 充电显示器 (表) (Charge Monitor/Meter) 用以测量电流安培量的装置, 安培表. 充电调节器 (Charge Regulator) "用来控制蓄电池充电速度和/或充电状态的装置, 连接于光伏发电板矩阵和蓄电池组之间. 它的 主要作用是防止蓄电池被光伏发电板过度充电, 同时监控光伏发电矩阵和/或蓄电池的电压." 组件 (Components) 指用于建立太阳能电源系统所需的其他装置. 交直流转换器 (Converter) 将交流电转换成直流电的装置. 晶体状 (Crystalline) 具有三维的重复的原子结构. 直流电 (DC) "两种电流的形态之一, 常见于使用电池的物件中, 如收音机, 汽车, 手提电脑, 手机等等." 无序结构 (Disordered) 减小并消除晶格的局限性. 提供新的自由度, 从而可在多维空间中放置其他元素. 使它们以前所 未有的方式互相作用. 这种技术应用多种元素以及复合材料. 它们在位置, 移动及成分上的不规 则可消除结构的局限性, 因而产生新的局部规则环境. 而这些新的局部环境决定了这些材料的 物理性质, 电子性质以及化学性质. 因此使得合成具有新颍机理的新型材料成为可能. 电网连接 - 光伏发电 (Grid-Connected - photovoltaic) 是一种由光伏发电板阵向电网提供电力的光伏发电系统. 这些系统可由供电公司或个别楼宇来 运作. 直流交流转换器 (Inverter) 用来将直流电转换成交流电的装置. 千瓦 (Kilowatt) 1000 瓦特, 一个灯泡通常使用 40 至 100 瓦特的电力.

百万瓦特 (Megawatt) 1,000,000 瓦特 光伏发电板 (Module - photovoltaic) 光伏电池以串联方式连在一起组成发电板. 奥佛电子 (Ovonic) [以 S. R. 奥佛辛斯基(联合太阳能公司创始人)及电子的组合命名] - 用来描述我们独有的材料, 产品和技术的术语. 奥佛辛斯基效应 (Ovshinsky effect) 一种特别的玻璃状薄膜在极小电压的作用下从一种非导体转变成一种半导体的效应.. 并联连接 (Parallel Connection) 一种发电板连接方法. 这种连接法使电压保持相同, 但电流成倍数增加 峰值输出功能 (Peak Power) 持续一段时间(通常是 10 到 30 秒)的最大能量输出. 光伏 (Photovoltaic - PV) 光能到电能的直接转换. 光伏发电板 (电池) (Photovoltaic Cell) 经过特殊处理可将太阳能辐射转换成电力的半导体材料. 卷到卷工序 (Roll-to-Roll Process) 将整卷的基件连续地转变成整卷的产品的工序. 串联连接 (Series Connection) 电流不变电压倍增的连接方式. 太阳能 (Solar) 来自太阳的能量. 太阳能收集器 (Solar Collectors) 用以捕获来自太阳的光能或热能的装置. 太阳收集器用于太阳能热水器系统中 (常见于住家), 而光伏能收集器则是用于太阳能电力系统. 太阳能加热 (Solar Heating) 利用来自太阳的热能发电的技术或系统. 太阳能收集器用于太阳能热水器系统中(常见于住家), 而光伏能收集器则是用于太阳能电力系统中 太阳能发电模块或太阳能发电板 (Solar Module or Solar Panel) 一些由太阳能发电板单元所组成的太阳能发电板板块.

稳定能量转换效率 (Stabilized Energy Conversion Efficiency) 长期的电力输出与光能输入比例. 系统, 平衡系统 (Systems; Balance of Systems) "太阳能电力系统包括了光伏发电板矩阵和其它的部件. 这些部件可使这些太阳能发电板得以应 用在需要可控直流电或交流电的住家和商业设施中. 用于太阳能电力系统的其它部件包括:接线 和短路装置, 充电调压器,逆变器, 仪表和接地部件." 薄膜 (Thin-Film) 在基片上形成的很薄的材料层. 伏特 (Volts) 电动势能单位. 能促使一安培的电流通过一欧姆的电阻. 电压 (Voltage) 电势的量. 电压表 (Voltage Meter) 用以测量电压的装置. 瓦特 (Watts) 用电压乘以电流的值来衡量的电力度.

英文 AC One of two types of electricity: Alternating Current; found in homes. Amorphous having an atomic structure that is not periodic. Amorphous Silicon "Sometimes abbreviated as ""a-Si"", amorphous silicon is used as a disordered semi-conductor material in the plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process used to create thin-film solar cells on a stainless-steel substrate" Amps "The unit of electrical current. Can be thought of as the ""flow rate"" of electricity." Array (photovoltaic) modules wired together in series or parallel form an array. Blocking Diode

"Used to prevent undesired current flow. In a PV array, the diode is used to prevent current flow towards a failed or shaded module (or string of modules) or from the battery to the PV array during periods of darkness or low current production." BOS or Balance of System (photovoltaic) the parts of a photovoltaic system other than the array. For instance: switches, controls, meters, power conditioning equipment, supporting structure for the array, storage components, etc. Bypass Diode A diode connected in parallel with a PV cell to provide an alternative current path in case of cell shading or failure. Cell (photovoltaic) the smallest unit of a solar module. Charge Monitor/Meter A device that measures amperage; amp meter. Charge Regulator " A device that controls the changing rate and/or state of charge for batteries. Wired between a photovoltaic array and a battery bank., its main job is to prevent the battery from being overcharged from the PV array, while monitoring the array and/or battery voltage." Components Refers to other devices used and needed when building a solar system Converter An Electroic Device that changes alternating current (ac) to direct current (dc). Crystalline having a repeating atomic structure in all three dimensions. DC "One of two types of Electricity Direct Current; found in anything that uses batteries. Radios, cars laptops, cell phones, etc." Disordered minimizing and lifting of lattice constraints, which provides new degrees of freedom, permitting the placement of elements in multi-dimensional spaces where they interact in ways not previously available. This allows the use of multi-elements and complex materials where positional, translational, and compositional disorder remove restrictions so new local order environments can be generated controlling the physical, electronic, and chemical properties of the material, thereby permitting the synthesis of new materials with new mechanisms.

Grid-Connected (photovoltaic) a photovoltaic (PV) system in which the PV array supplies power to the grid. Systems can be operated by the utility or by individual buildings. Inverter An Electronic Device that changes direct current (dc) to alternating current (ac). Kilowatt 1000 watts; a light bulb uses 40-100 watts. Megawatt "1,000,000 watts" Module (photovoltaic) cells wired together in series form a module. Ovonic [after S.R. Ov(shinsky) + (electr)onic] - the term used to describe our proprietary materials, products, and technologies. Ovshinsky effect The effect by which a specific glassy thin film switches from a nonconductor to a semiconductor upon application of a minimum voltage. Parallel Connection "Connection in which the voltage stays the same, but the amperage multiplies." Peak Power the maximum amount of energy available for a sustained period of time, typically 10 to 30 seconds. Photovoltaic (PV) direct conversion of light into electrical energy. Photovoltaic Cell The treated semi-conductor material that converts solar irradiance to electricity. Roll-to-Roll Process a process where a roll of substrate is continuously converted into a roll of product. Series Connection Connection in which the current (amps) stays the same but the voltage multiplies. Solar

Energy from the sun. Solar Collectors A device designed to capture light or heat energy from the sun. Solar thermal collectors are used in solar hot water systems (often found in homes) and photovoltaic collectors are used in solar electric systems Solar Heating Technologies or systems that take advantage of the heat energy coming from the sun. Solar thermal collectors are used in solar hot water systems (often found in homes) and photovoltaic collectors are used in solar electric systems. Solar Module or Solar Panel A collection of solar cells interconnected to form a solar panel or module. Stabilized Energy Conversion Efficiency the long-term ratio of electrical output to light input. Systems; Balance of Systems "Solar electric systems include the photovoltaic array and the other components that allow these solar panels to be used in homes and commercial facilities where a regulated DC power supply or an AC power supply is required. Components used in solar electric systems include; wire and disconnect devices, charge regulators, inverters, metering, and grounding components." Thin-Film a very thin layer of material formed on a substrate. Volts The unit of electromotive force that will force a current of one amp through a resistor or one ohm. Voltage The measurement of the force of electricity. Voltage Meter A device that measures voltage. Watts A measure of electrical power that is determined by multiplying the voltage by the amperage.


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