第Ⅱ卷增分专练(二) 语法填空＋短文改错＋书面表达(提纲作文) (时间：50 分钟 满分：50 分)
Ⅰ.语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) (2015· 绵阳第二次诊断 )Have you ever noticed the chairs you sit __1__ in cafes and restaurants? Most p
eople don’t pay attention to the cafe chairs they use. However, there is one very simple and elegantly designed chair, __2__ (know) as the “French series”. This chair can be seen more often than any other chair. The original chair was the result of years of experiments. The inventor wanted to produce a chair that could be massproduced and was inexpensive, but it was only after many trials that he finally succeeded in __3__ (make) one. The chair he invented was probably the first one to be both attractive and inexpensive enough for anyone to buy. Millions of chairs of this type have been bought since the first one went on sale in __4__ 1930s. All sorts of people, some famous, some ordinary, have sat on the chair since the original was invented. There are several __5__ (reason) for the chair’s enduring popularity. It is great to sit on, and it __6__ (look) good; the basic design is still fresh and contemporary. Also, this type of chair seems to improve as it gets older. The glue, __7__ holds the chair together, loosens over time, making the chair even more comfortable __8__ (sit) on. A further reason is that the chair is cleverly designed with only a few pieces of wood, so the chair parts can __9__ (send) anywhere and put together __10__ (easy)． It is no wonder this type of chair has remained so popular. Even today, furniture designers are still trying to create equally successful designs. 1．___________ 2.___________ 3.___________ 4.___________ 5.___________ 6．___________ 7.___________ 8.___________ 9.___________ 10.___________ Ⅱ.短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) (2015· 哈尔滨市第三中学一模)As I was leaving the grocery store this afternoon, I saw a poor family — a mother and her four kid sitting in the cold, it brought back memories from when I was a child. The little girl, about 13, told me he liked my Under Armour sweater. I said, “thank you”. When I am walking to my car, I started to feel sadly. Put the groceries in my car, I suddenly thought the little girl might need a sweater at the school. So I went back to find the little girl, take my sweater off but gave it to her. I knew she would get much use out of it than me. Ⅲ.书面表达(满分 25 分) (2015· 河北省邢台市摸底考试)假如你是李华， 目前正在一所外国语学校读高中。 最近一 段时间你比较关注美国文化，尤其对美国的节日感兴趣。请你给你的美国网友 Tom 写一封 电子邮件，询问他关于感恩节的一些情况。内容要点如下： 1．介绍自己的近况；
2．询问他关于感恩节的一些情况(起源、庆祝的时间和方式等)； 3．表示感谢。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头和结尾已为你写好，但不计入总词数。 Dear Tom， Thanks for your email last time.
Yours， Li Hua
语篇解读：本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了法式系列座椅的历史和其受欢迎的原因。 1．on/in 考查介词。此处是省略引导词的定语从句，先行词是“the chairs”，在定语从 句中作不及物动词“sit”的宾语，空格处缺少介词。坐在椅子上要用介词 on/in。 2．known 考查非谓语动词。被修饰词“one very simple and elegantly designed chair”与 动词 know 之间为被动关系，所以用过去分词 known 作定语。 3． making 考查非谓语动词。 succeed in doing sth.是固定搭配， 意为“成功地做某事”。 故填 making。 4．the 考查冠词。固定搭配 in the 1930s，意为“在 20 世纪 30 年代”。 5．reasons 考查名词的数。reason 是可数名词，根据“several”可知，此处用名词的复 数形式。 6．looks 考查动词的时态和主谓一致。根据前后句可知，此处应使用一般现在时，且 主语“it”表示单数概念，所以谓语动词用单数形式。 7．which 考查定语从句。先行词“The glue”在非限制性定语从句中作主语，指物，所 以用关系代词 which 引导。
8．to sit 考查非谓语动词。此处应使用动词不定式作状语。 9．be sent 考查动词的语态。动词 send 与主语“the chair parts”之间构成被动关系，所 以谓语动词应使用被动语态。 10．easily 考查词性转换。动词短语“put together”应用副词修饰，故填 easily。 Ⅱ.短文改错 第一句：kid→kids; it→which 第二句：he→she 第四句：am→was; sadly→sad 第五句：Put→Putting; 去掉 school 前的 the 第六句：take→took; but→and 第七句：much→more Ⅲ.书面表达 参考范文： Dear Tom， Thanks for your email last time. I’d like to tell you that I am now focusing my attention on American culture, especially American festivals. When it comes to American festivals, what attracts me most is Thanksgiving Day. Since I have never spent the festival in America in person, I know little about it. I would appreciate it greatly if you can tell me something about it. My questions are as follows: How did it come into being? When and how do people celebrate it? What’s its significance? I hope you can give me assistance in this problem and thank you in advance. Best wishes! Yours， Li Hua