Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of the stars
Grammar: The subject clause
2.Complete this passage with some of the above words. My fr
iend Li Yanping was really very interested in astronomy ___________.he liked to watch changes in the moon,the only natural satellite of the earth through his telescope. One evening he thought he saw a explode huge comet ________as it hit the moon. The surface ________of the moon produced a lot of dust that became _______like a large ball. It seemed as if it solid planet would multiply and become a new _______.Li Yanping thought he was seeing the development ______________of the universe until he noticed some dirt on his telescope!he was very disappointed.
Ex. 3 P.28 Put these words into the more suitable of the two boxes. energetic patient terrible shocked friendly violent angry calm harmful jealous gentle cruel relaxing kind
fierce words energetic angry terrible harmful Ex.4
peaceful words patient relaxing friendly
violent gentle calm cruel shocked kind jealous
Review the passage “how life began on the earth” and translate the following sentences.
1.谁也不知道地球会有别于其他行星 谁也不知道地球会有别于其他行星. 谁也不知道地球会有别于其他行星
Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets.
2.这就是地球之独有特性的初次显现 这就是地球之独有特性的初次显现. 这就是地球之独有特性的初次显现
This is how the earth began to show it special qualities.
3.许多人认为这对生命的起源特别重要 许多人认为这对生命的起源特别重要. 许多人认为这对生命的起源特别重要
Many people think that this was important for the beginning of life.
4.没有人懂得这些植物就是许多变化的开始 没有人懂得这些植物就是许多变化的开始. 没有人懂得这些植物就是许多变化的开始
Nobody understood that these plants were the starts of many changes.
What part does the underlined part serve as in each sentence? A tree has fallen across the road. You are a student. To find your way can be a problem. Smoking is bad for you.
“How do you do?” is a greeting. What she said is not yet known. That we shall be late is certain. It is certain that we shall be late. We can see from these sentences that a sentence serves as subject, so we call it Subject Clause.
What she did is not yet known. Whoever comes is welcome. Whichever you want is yours. When he will be back depends on the weather. Where we live doesn’t matter. How the pyramids were built was still a mystery. That price will go up is certain. That they are badly in need of help is quite clear. Whether they will sell the house is not yet decided.
引导主语从句的连接词有： 引导主语从句的连接词有： 连词that, whether； 连词 ； 连接代词who, whoever, what, 连接代词 whatever,和which； 和 ； 连接副词when, whenever , where, 连接副词 how和why。 和 。
Please do Ex1 on P27 (Ex book A)
注意: 有时为了使句子结构平衡, 注意 有时为了使句子结构平衡 避免 作形式主语, “头重脚轻”, 常用 it 作形式主语 而 头重脚轻” 把从句放在后面。 例如: 把从句放在后面。 例如
It is a pity that she has made such a mistake.
她犯了这样一个错误, 真是遗憾。 她犯了这样一个错误 真是遗憾。
Can you rewrite the following sentences. 1.That the earth turns around the sun is known to all. It is known to all that the earth turns around the sun. 2. That price will go up is certain. It is certain that price will go up . 3. That they are badly in need of help is quite clear. It is quite clear that they are badly in need of help.
1) It is + adj. / n. +从句 It is a pity/shame that... 遗憾的是 遗憾的是…… It is possible that... 很可能 很可能…… It is unlikely that... 不可能 不可能…… 2) It +不及物动词+从句 It seems/appears that... 似乎 似乎…… It happened that... 碰巧…… 碰巧
3) It + be +过去分词+从句 It is said that... 据说…… 据说 It is known to all that...
It is reported that... 据报道 据报道…… It is believed that...
据信……;人们相信 人们相信…… 据信 人们相信
It is suggested that... 有人建议 有人建议……
It must be pointed out that...
It has been proved that... 已证明……. 已证明 如: It is believed that at least a score of buildings were damaged or destroyed.
据信, 至少有二十座楼房遭到破坏或彻底毁掉。 据信 至少有二十座楼房遭到破坏或彻底毁掉。 It has been decided that the exhibition will not open on Sundays.
改错练习 1.Where shall we spend the holiday isn’t decided. we shall 2.Your have made a mistake is a fact. That you have 3.That is certain that we can win. It is 4.No matter who leaves the room last ought to Whoever Ex. Ⅳ on P29 (ExbooKA) turn off the lights. 5.It is important that a student learns a foreign language. should learn
5) . 用于It is important / natural / necessary / impossible that...句型中 句型中,
主语从句应使用虚拟语气, 主语从句应使用虚拟语气 谓语动词用
\“should + 动词原形\”的形式, should
1. _____ you don’t like him is none of my That business. 2. _____ he said at the meeting astonished What everybody present 3. ________ the 2000 Olympic Games will Whether be held in Beijing is not known yet. 4. ________ we’ll go camping tomorrow Whether depends on the weather. 5. ________ leaves the room last ought to Whoever turn off the lights.
6. ___ is a fact that English is being It accepted as an international language. 7.It worried her a bit ____ her hair was that turning grey. 8. The Foreign Minister said, “__ is our It hope that the two sides will work towards peace.” 9. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, what our astronauts desire to do ____ is walk in space.
Pair work: Please use the Subject Clause to describe your mother with your partner. Suggested structures: What my mother likes is ___________. What my mother doesn’t like is ________. Why my mother would be happy is _____. Who my mother goes to the supermarket with is________. How my mother cooks the dinner is______. …………
1.Finish ExⅡ(2.4.5); ExⅢ on P 27.28 (exercise book A). 2.Finish the exercises on the paper. 3. Preview “ A visit to the moon”P30 4. 听写 “planet” to “disappointed”