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上海高考英语整理知识点讲义


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对于某人来说很熟悉 be familiar to sb. 因为…而著名 be famous for 作为…而著名 be famous as 为全世界的人所知名 be famous to people all over the world 据我所知 as far as I know 被…吸引住 be fascinated with/by sth. 举行告别会 hold a farewell party 过时了不时髦了 be out of fashion 失宠失利; lose favour 支持;赞成 be in favour of 帮某人忙 ask a favour of sb. 用…来喂养… feed…on/with… 吃,以…为食物 feed on 把…喂给…吃 feed sth. to sb. 与困难作斗争 fight against difficulities 算出;弄清楚 figure out 装满 be filled with 决赛 the finals 因做某事而罚某人款 fine sb. for doing sth. 着火 catch fire 把火扑灭 put out a fire 被解雇了 be fired/dismissed 试穿 fit on 适合(做)… be fit for/to do sth. 保持健康 keep fit 注视… fix one’s eyes on/upon 长距离飞行 a long distance flight 流利的英语 fluent English 集中注意力 focus attention /mind on 民间音乐 focus attention/mind on 如下 as follows 听从忠告 follow one’s advice 食物链 food train 某人做某事是愚蠢的 It’s foolish of sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 forbid sb. to do sth 禁止做某事 forbid doing sth. 地心引力的力量 the force of gravity 强迫某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 天气预报 the weather forecast 填写表格 fill in a form 以…的形式 in the form of 前任总统 former president/student/wife 发财 make a fortune 提出 put forward 期盼;等待 look forward to sth. 释放某人 set sb. free 没有…的;免除的 be free of/from 冰点 freezing point 冷冻食物 frozen food 淡水 fresh water 与---交朋友 make friends with 把某人吓死 frighten sb. to death 从那时起 from then on
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74. 充满的;有很多的 be full of 75. 为了消遣 for fun 76. 开玩笑 make fun of 77. 在最近,久远的将来 in the near /distant future 78. 增重 gain weight 79. 一般说来 generally speaking 80. 代沟 generation gap 81. 克服,战胜困难;从(疾病,震惊等)中恢复 get over 82.在某方面有天赋 have a gift for 83. 投降;屈服;上交 give in 84. 发出(蒸汽、光等) give off 85. 发出(热、气味等]; 分发;(供给等)用完;筋疲力尽 give out 86. 放弃 give up 87. 看一眼 glance at/towards/up 88. 复习; 走到另一边去;检查 go over 89. 出去;(灯火)熄灭 go out 90. 走上前去 go up to 91. 完成目标 achieve a goal 92. 进球 score a goal 93. 黄金时代 golden age 94. 对某人/某物有好处 be good for sb. 95. 好多 a good many 96. 认为理所当然 take it for granted that 97. 因…感激某人 be grateful to sb. for sth./doing sth. 98. 感激地 with gratitude 99. 用微笑/吻来迎接/招呼某人 greet sb. with a smile/kiss 100. 人口的增长 the growth of population 1. 养成做某事的习惯 form a habit of doing sth/ get in to a habit of doing 2. 切成两半 cut sth by half/ into halves 3. 手拉手 hand by hand 4. 上交 hand in 5. 碰巧做 sb. happens to do= It so happens that 6. 刻苦工作 be hard at work 7. 对…有害 do harm to= be harmful to 8. 和睦相处 live in harmony 9. 在某方面有问题/困难 have problems/ trouble/ difficulty with sth. 10. 前往 head for 11. 身体健康良好 in good health 12. 听说,得悉, hear about 13. 心脏病 heart trouble 14. 全心全意地 heart and soul 15. 用心记忆,暗记 learn sth. by heart 16. 激烈的讨论 heated discussion 17. 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with/ (to) do sth. 18. 在…的帮助下 with the help of 19. 毫不犹豫 without (any) hesitation 20. 隐藏 hide sth. from = conceal sth. from 21. 以高速度 at high speed 22. 高度评价;重视;赞扬 speak/ think highly of 23. 历史性会见 historic meeting 24. 历史研究 historical research 25. 打在某人的鼻子 hit sb. on the nose 26. 阻挡;抑制 hold back
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(电话用语)别挂断;抓牢;坚持 hold on 推迟;拖延;挡住 hold off 度假 on holiday 老实说… honestly speaking 表示敬意;为了招待…;为了纪念 in honor of 为祖国争光 win honor for one’s motherland 想要 hope for 抱乐观的希望,尽量往好处想 hope for the best 东道国,举办国 host nation/ country 按小时计酬 pay/ charge by the hour 伤害某人的感情 hurt one’s feelings (突然)想到一个主意 come up with an idea 不懂,无知的 be ignorant of 对某人来说做某事是非法的 It is illegal for sb. to do 对…产生影响 have an impact on 在脑海中留下深刻印象 impress sth. on one’s mind 被…深深感动;对…留下深刻印象 be impressed by/with 在五十几岁时 at one’s fifties 我不方便做某事 It is inconvenient for me to do 个人体育运动项 individual sports 把某事通知某人 inform sb. of sth. 使某人得到通知 keep sb. informed of 进一步的消息,更多的信息 further information 从…处继承 inherit sth. from 受了重伤 be badly injured 鼓励某人做某事 inspire sb. to do 求生的本能 an instinct for survival 教、指导、指示某人做某事 instruct sb. to do 给房屋保火险 insure one’s house against fire 打算做某事 intend to do 对…感兴趣 take interest in = be interested in 追求利益 look for interests 每隔一段时间,每隔一段距离 at intervals 把…引进;传入;把…列入;插入 introduce --- into 婉拒邀请 decline one’s invitation 需要做---,包含做--involve doing sth. 介入,卷入 be involved in = involve oneself in 新闻条目 news items 把…从…隔离开 isolate --- from 交通阻塞 traffic jam 参军 join the army 连接 be joined to 共同努力 a joint effort/joint efforts 恶作剧 a practical joke 使某人大为高兴的是 to one’s great joy 从外表判断 judge from/ by one’s appearance 比…小,地位低 be junior to 喜爱…;对…着迷 be keen on 敏捷的头脑 a keen mind 记日记 keep a diary 阻止;防止 keep---from--遵守;保持 keep to 消磨时间 kill time
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80. 一位知识渊博的 a man of knowledge= a knowledgeable man 81. 理解;认识 have a good knowledge of 82. 快车道 the fast lane 83. 最后但并非最不重要的(一点) last but not least 84. 过后,后来 later on 85. 嘲笑 laugh at 86. 突然大笑起来 burst into laughter 87. 犯法 be against the law/ break the law 88. 诱使某人做某事 lead sb. to do 89. 通向;导致 lead to 90. 斜靠 lean against 91. 依靠某人做某事 lean on sb. to do 92. 至少;最低限度 at least 93. 讲授…;作关于…的讲座 give a lecture on sth. 94. 给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson 95. 位于/在于 lie in 96. 乘电梯 take a lift 97. 要求搭车 ask for a lift 98. 点着的火柴 a lighted match 99. 很可能… It is likely that= be likely to do 100. (靠)…生活 live by doing 1. 严密保藏某物 keep sth under lock and key 2. 渴望得到某物 long for sth 3. 渴望做某事 long to do sth 4. 很久以前 long before 5. 不久,不久以后 before long 6. 照顾 look after 7. 轻视,看不起 look down on 8. 调查 look into 9. 把…看作… look upon/ on--- as--10. 注意;留神 look out 11. 浏览;核查 look through 12. 依赖 look to = depend on = rely on = lean on 13. 输了一场比赛 lose a game 14. 输了一个球 lose by a goal 15. 灰心 lose heart 16. 沉迷干… lose one’s heart 17. 茫然不知所措 be at a loss= be at sea 18. 停车场 the parking lot 19. 碰运气 try one’s luck/ fortune 20. 使某人发疯 drive / send sb mad 21. 发疯 go mad 22. 寄航空邮件 by air mail 23. 寄信给某人 mail sth to sb 24. 保养公路 maintain a highway 25. 主修(工程学) major in engineering 26. 多数;半数以上 a/ the majority of 27. (有目的且快速地)冲向 make for 28. 偷;带着…逃跑 make off with 29. (1)开出;写出 (2)理解 make out 30. (1)编造 (2)化妆 (3)构成;凑足 make up 31. 补偿;弥补 make up for 32. 成功地做某事 manage to do
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上市;出售 on the market 娶;嫁;与…结婚 marry sb = get married to sb 事实上 as a matter of fact = in fact 不要紧 It doesn’t matter. 意味着做--mean doing 本意为;打算做--mean to do 用;依靠 by means of--同时;其间 in the meantime 采取措施做某事 take measures to do 纪念 in memory of 提及做某事 mention doing--更不用说;此外 not to mention 给某人带个口信 give sb a message 给某人留个条 leave a message for sb 牢记某事 keep/ bear sth in mind 拿定主意做某事 make up one’s mind to do 避免做某事 miss doing sth 错误地做某事 do sth by mistake 把…误认为… mistake A for B 把---和---混合 mix --- with --流动图书馆 a mobile library 心情好/坏 in a good/ bright/ bad mood 没有心情做某事 be in no mood for doing sth/ to do sth 一轮新月 a new moon 非常乐意做某事 be more than happy/glad/pleased/ready/willing to do 以---的名义 in the name of 以---的名字命名 be named after 打个盹儿 take/ have a nap 土产的 be native to 如必要的话 if necessary= if it is necessary 非常需要 need sth badly 对…神经紧张的 be nervous about 向某人点头 nod at/ to sb (表示惊奇)不是别的,正是 no(ne) other than 记笔记 take notes 仅仅;只不过 nothing but (有意)注意 take notice of 到现在为止 by now = up to now = up till now = so far 既然;由于 now that 许多(修饰可数名词) a good/ great many= a number of 反对做某事 object to doing sth / be opposed to doing sth 强迫某人做某事 oblige sb to do = force sb to do 因某事而感谢某人 be obliged/ thankful/ grateful to sb for (doing) sth 遵守规则 observe the rules 庆祝某人的生日 observe one’s birthday 我想起一个主意。 An idea occurred to me. 某人突然想起--It occurs to sb that--提供某人某物 offer sb sth = offer sth to sb 主动提议做某事 offer to do 把…对公众开放 open sth to the public 为某人动手术 operate on 依照某人的看法 in one’s opinion 对面的 be opposite to
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86. 有次序;整齐 keep sth in good order 87. 混乱;发生故障 be out of order 88. 命令某人做某事 order sb to do 89. 文明的发源 the origin of civilization 90. 换言之 in other words 91. 除了 other than 92. 前几天 the other day 93. 克服缺点/困难 overcome one’s faults/ difficulties 94. 悦人的景色 a pleasant outlook 95. 开阔视野 broaden/ widen one’s outlook 96. 把…归功干 own --- to 97. 由于 owing to 98. 某人自己的书 a book of one’s own 99. 单独地;独立无援地 on one’s own 100. 跟上时代 keep pace with the times= keep up with the times 1. 一双,一对 a pair of 2. 引起恐慌 cause a panic 3. 平行的;类似的 be parallel to/ with 4. 原谅某人做某事 pardon/ excuse/ forgive sb for doing sth 5. 禁止停车 no parking 6. (在…中)起作用 play a part/ role in 7. 参与;参加 participate in/ take part in/ join in 8. (过于)讲究的;挑剔的;吹毛求疵的 be particular about 9. 去世 pass away 10. 对(某人)有耐心 have patience with sb = be patient with sb 11. 为…铺平道路 pave the way for 12. 偿还(欠款) pay back 13. 还清债务 pay off the debt 14. 与某人和解;同某人言归于好 make (one’s) peace with 15. ---所特有的 be peculiar to 16. 用铅笔 in pen 17. 请求许可 ask for permission 18. 允许做某事 permit doing sth 19. 允许某人做某事 permit sb to do sth 20. 孜孜不倦地学习 persevere in doing sth 21. (固执地)坚持 persist in doing 22. 说服某人做某事 persuade sb to do= persuade sb into doing 23. 说服某人不做某事 persuade sb not to do = persuade sb out of doing 24. 分辨,挑出 pick out 25. 拾起;获得;学会;买到; (用车,船)接人 pick up 26. 去野餐 go on a picnic 27. 清楚地了解 get a clear picture of 28. 一堆;一摞 a pile of 29. 同情/可怜某人 take/ have pity on sb 30. 人民解放军战士 PLA man 31. 用简明的英语 in plain English 32. 首先 in the first place = first of all= to begin with 33. 发生;举行 take place 34. 代替;取代 take the place of 35. 按计划 as planned 36. 高兴做某事 be pleased to do 37. 大量的;充足的 plenty of 38. 跳入,陷入 plunge into
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指着 point to/ at 指出 point out 做某事没有意义 There is no point/ sense in doing sth 改革开放政策 the reform and open-door policy 受…的欢迎 be popular with/ among 推迟,延期做某事 delay/ postpone/ put off doing sth 上台;执政 come into/ in power 停电 power cut/ failure 社会实践 social practice 练习做某事 practice doing 为某事赞扬某人 praise sb for doing sth 为了某事而向某人祈祷 pray to sb for sth 祈求做某事 pray to do sth 宁愿做---也不做… prefer to do --- than to do --为某事做准备 prepare for sth 在某人面前 in the presence of sb = in sb’s presence 出席 be present at 赠送;提供 present sth to sb = present sb with sth 现政府 the present government 记者招待会 press/ news conference 保护森林免遭灭绝 preserve forests from extinction 假装做某事/在做某事/已做某事 pretend to do sth/ to be doing sth/ to have done 阻止某人做某事 prevent sb from doing sth 平/特价 regular/ special price 为---感到自豪 be proud of = take pride in 基色 primary colour 原则上 in principle 把某人关进监狱 cast/ throw/ put/ send sb in(to) prison 在进行中 in process 获利 make a profit 在进展中 in progress 取得进步 make progress 违背诺言 break a promise 守约 keep/ stick to one’s promise 许诺某人某事 promise sb. sth. 答应做某事 promise to do sth 保护某人免受…的侵害 protect sb. from/ against sth 为某人提供某物 provide sb with sth 当众,公开地 in public 对公众 to the public 因某事惩罚某人 punish sb. for sth.. / doing sth 购买力 purchasing power 故意地;有意地 on purpose 把---收起,放好 put away 放下;记下;镇压 put down 提出;建议;把(钟表指针)前拨 put forward 关掉,熄灭;脱去,脱掉;推迟 put off 穿上;上演;开(灯、收音机等) put on 熄灭;出版;公布;伸出 put out 举起;搭建;提出(计划等);留宿 put up 容忍 put up with 胜任这份工作 be qualified for the job
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91. 胜任做一名教师 92. (使)具有…资格 93. 质量好 94. 因某事同某人吵架 95. 下倾盆大雨 96. 提出一个问题 97. 养育五个孩子 98. 筹钱 99. 广泛的 100. 在---和---之间变化

be qualified as a teacher = be qualified to teach qualify sb. as--be of good/ high quality quarrel with sb. about sth. rain cats and dogs raise a question raise five children raise money a wide range of range from --- to --range between--- to ---

高考写作常用谚语
观点陈述: 1. 熟能生巧 2. 爱屋及乌 3 一石二鸟 4.有志者事竟成 5.好的开始等于成功的一半 6 结尾好一切都好 7.活到老,学到老 8.入乡随俗 (Rome was not built in a day. 伟业非一日之功。 ) 9.眼见为实 10.患难见真情。 11.英雄所见略同。 12.知识就是力量。 13. As the tree,so the fruit. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。. 14.All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的未必都是金子。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。

总结感召: 15.行动胜过语言。 (Facts speak plainer than words. 事实胜于雄辩。 ) 16.说起来容易做起来难 。 17.欲速则不达 。 18 三思而后行 。 19 万事开头难 。. (A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. 千里之行始于足下。 ) 20 言出必行 。 21. .失败是成功之母 。 (Experience is the mother of wisdom. 实践出真知。 ) 22 Slow and steady wins the race. 稳扎稳打无往而不胜 23 A fall into the pit,a gain in your wit. 吃一堑,长一智。 For you: 24. No pain; no gain. 没有付出就不会有收获
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25. God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。 26.An idle youth,a needy age. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。 27. 36.To live is to learn,to learn is to better live. 活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着。 28. All work and no play makes jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。 29. Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of being defeated. 知己知彼 百战百胜 30. One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬之千里。

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