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Edmund Spenser ( 1552 –1599)


Edmund Spenser (1552 – 1599)
He is an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of Modern English verse in its infancy, and one of the greatest poets in the English language.

His Major Works
? The Shepheard Calendar 《牧羊日历》 ? The Fairy Queen 《仙后》

The Faire Queen
? It is an allegorical work, written in praise of Queen Elizabeth I, notable for its form, it was the first work written in Spenserian stanza and is one of the longest poems in the English language

24 books
12 on a different knight who exemplified one of 12 "private virtues” 12 more centred on King Arthur displaying twelve "public virtues

The Following Virtues
? ? ? ? ? ? Book I: Holiness Book II: Temperance Book III: Chastity Book IV: Friendship Book V: Justice Book VI: Courtesy

Allegory 寓言
? A tale in verse or prose in which characters, actions, or settings represent abstract ideas or moral qualities. Thus, an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning.

Spenserian Stanza
? a form of poetry written in a 9-line

stanza,
? rhyming scheme is

abab bcbc c; the first eight are iambic pentametre
lines, and the last an iambic hexameter line

Main Qualities of Edmund Spenser’s Poetry

? ? ? ?

a perfect melody a rare sense of beauty a splendid imagination a lofty moral purity and seriousness ? a dedicated idealism



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