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高一英语导学案


德阳五中 高一英语 ◆必修 1 ◆导学案

编写:杨军

校审:车崇才

Module 4 A Social Survey---- My Neighborhood Period One Useful Words and Expressions Step 1 根据词性及汉语释义写出单词 1. _____ adj.有吸引力的; 吸引人的→______ vt.吸引; 吸引……的兴趣→______ n. 吸引 (力) 2. n.城郊;郊区→ adj.郊区的→ adj.乡下的;乡村的→ adj.城市的 3.______ adj.幸运的;吉祥的→______ adv.幸运地→______ adj.不幸的 4.______ n.旅游者;观光客→______ vt.&n.观光;旅游→______ n.旅游业 5.______ n.建筑;建筑风格→______ n.建筑师 6.______ vi.饿死→______ n.饿死;饥饿 7.______ adj.失业的;没有工作的→______ n.失业 8.______ adj.专业的→______ n.职业→______ n.教授 9.______ vt.交换;互换→______ vt.&vi.变化;改变 10.______ adj.迷人的;吸引人的→______ vt.使着迷 11.__ _vt.&vi.经历…而幸存;死里逃生→____ n.幸存者;生还者→____ n.幸存 Step2.根据括号内的要求,写出单词的正确形式? 1. attract(形容词) 3. pretty(同义副词) 5. unemploy(形容词) 7. profession(形容词) 9. starvation(动词) Step3 重点词汇探究精讲 1.survey v./n. 短语: 2.neighborhood n. It cost in the neighborhood of 5,000 dollars. neighbor n. 3. attractive adj. 有吸引力的,吸引人的;引人注目的 The offer is very attractive to us. 这一出价对我们具有很大吸引力。 I must admit she’s pretty attractive to me, especially her manner of smiling. 我必须承认在我看来她是相当迷人的,特别是她那微笑的样子。 2. fortunate(副词)? 4. organize(名词) 6. fascinate(形容词) 8. occupy(名词) 10.nuisance(反义词)?? 提 示 :查 字 典完成

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2013 年下学期◆高一 ____月____日 班级:_______ 姓名:__________

Module 4

He gave a little cough to attract the waitress’s attention. 他轻咳了一声,以引起女招待的注意。 People are attracted to people who are attracted to them. 人们喜欢那些同样喜欢他们的人。 The TV program—Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf—is always a special attraction for children. 电视节目《喜羊羊与灰太狼》对孩子们总是很有吸引力。 In the darkness, he fired his gun in order to ___ the enemy’s attention. A. bring B. take C. fetch D. attract 4. fortunate 是形容词,意为“幸运的”,作系动词 feel 的表语。 短语总结: We were so fortunate to get the last two tickets for the final match. 我们很幸运能够买到这场决赛的最后两张票。 He was fortunate in having a happy family. 他真幸运有一个幸福的家庭。

Fortunately, the government is starting to pay attention to the problem of house price. 幸运的是,政府已经开始关注房价问题。 ①火势现在已被控制。幸运的是,没有人受伤。 The fire is now under control. Fortunately enough , nobody was hurt. ②你很幸运,有自己的房子。 You’re fortunate to have a house of your own/ in having a house of your own . The workers were fortunate enough to escape being trapped in the big fire. 那些工人们很幸运,没有被困在大火中。 I am fortunate to have a good teacher.我很有幸有一位好老师。 5. pretty adv. 很;相当 adj. (人)漂亮的; (地方,建筑,物体)迷人的,好看的 You look pretty cool with that new haircut. 你新剪的发型真酷。 Carol is very pretty and so is her sister. 卡罗尔很漂亮,她姐姐也很漂亮。

①This pretty vase is pretty expensive. 这个漂亮的花瓶价格相当高。 ②He’s in a pretty bad way.You’d better get an ambulance. 他状态很不好。你最好叫辆救护车。 6. sound vi. 听起来(不用于进行时态和被动语态)

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德阳五中 高一英语 ◆必修 1 ◆导学案

编写:杨军

校审:车崇才

What you said sounds reasonable. 你所说的听起来很合理。 That sounds as if he’s coming in. 听起来好像是他进来了。 It doesn’t sound as if he knew what had happened. 听起来他好像不知道刚才所发生的事情。

The noise waked us all out of a sound sleep. 这声音把我们都从熟睡中吵醒了。 Wish all of you back home safe and sound. 祝大家平平安安到家。 sound, voice, noise 都有“声音”的意思,你知道它们的具体区别吗? 【思考提示】

7. bother vt. & n. 打扰;烦扰;麻烦 【原句】There are a lot of tourists around. Don’t they bother you? (P32) 这里到处都有游客。他们没有烦扰你们吗?

Hi Jason, sorry to bother you. I have a question for you. 你好,贾森,很抱歉打扰你,我有一个问题要问你。 Don’t bother to dress up ― come as you are. 不必为着装费心——你就穿平常的衣服来吧。 I can’t bother him with my little affairs. 我不能因自己那点小事去打扰他。 ①不必费心答复。 Don’t bother to reply / about replying . ②对不起,把你的包挪一下好吗? Sorry to bother you , but would you mind moving your bag? ③我们费了不少周折才找到一套满意的公寓。 We had much bother finding a satisfactory apartment. 8. approach vt. & vi. 接近;走近;靠近;临近; 处理 National Day is approaching. 国庆节即将来临。 Have you approached the manager about taking a day off next week? 你是否同经理谈过下周请一天假的事?

All approaches to the city were blocked. 通往这座城市的所有道路都被封锁了。 3

2013 年下学期◆高一 ____月____日 班级:_______ 姓名:__________

Module 4

The lion’s approach drove away the small animals. 狮子一走近,小动物们都跑开了。 Which is the right approach to the problem? 哪一个是解决这个问题的正确方法?

9. starve vi. 饿死;极度匮乏 vt. 使……饿死/ 挨饿

You must be starving! Come and have lunch. 你肯定饿坏了!快来吃午饭吧。 They will either die from the cold or starve to death. 他们要么将被冻死,要么将被饿死。 Many homeless children starve for love from society. 许多无家可归的儿童渴望得到社会的关爱。

The naughty boy, who starved ___a CD, said seriously to his father that he would starve __ _death rather than give up his demand. A. after; to B. for; to C. about; until D. for; till 10. committee n. 委员会

①委员会由七人组成。The committee is made up of seven people. ②委员会做出一项决议,决定兴建一座公园。 The committee have made a decision to build a park. 11. exchange vt. 交换;交易;兑换

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德阳五中 高一英语 ◆必修 1 ◆导学案

编写:杨军

校审:车崇才

I’d like to exchange some pounds for dollars. 我想把一些英镑兑换成美金。 China and Russia exchanged views on energy cooperation and reached an agreement on further development in this November. 今年十一月份中俄就能源合作事宜交换了看法并就进一步发展问题达成了一致协议。

He is giving her Japanese lessons in exchange for English lessons. 他教她日语,作为交换她教他英语。 Call you at 2: 00 and tell you where we’ll make the exchange. 我 2 点打电话给你, 告诉你我们将在哪里交换。 It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money_____favors to them. A. in preference to B. in place of C. in agreement with D. in exchange for 12. afford vt. 买得起;有能力支付(常与 can, could, be able to 连用);给予(P39)

The parents could hardly afford a private teacher for their child. 父母很难为他们的孩子请得起一位家教。 We can’t afford to pay such a high price. 我们付不起这么高的价钱。 His son’s success afforded him great pleasure. 他儿子的成功使他非常高兴。 ①我们一分钟也浪费不起。 We can’t afford to waste a single minute. ②明天的会议将给我们提供讨论重要问题的机会。 Tomorrow’s meeting will afford us the chance/ opportunity of discussing some important questions. 13. survive vi. & vt. 死里逃生;大难不死;经历……而幸存 survival n. 生存,存活,幸存 survivor n. 幸存者,生还者 survive on sth 靠某物存活下来

Only a little girl survived the fire accident. 只有一个小女孩在火灾中幸存下来。 5

2013 年下学期◆高一 ____月____日 班级:_______ 姓名:__________

Module 4

Their two children had died as babies. Only the third one survived. 他们的前两个孩子都夭折了。只有老三活了下来。 Mrs. Anderson _______the earthquake, but her husband died and she _____him by 10 years. A. survived from; survived B. survived; survived from C. survived; survived D. survived; survived from 14. contact vt. 联络;联系(某人) n. 联系,接触 短语累积 联系某人 和某人取得联系_____________________ 和某人失去联系_____________________ 和某人保持联系_____________________ 和某人有联系 和某人没有联系 touch 和 contact 的 用法 有相 似之 处!

For further information, contact your local agent. 要进一步了解情况,请与本地代理商联系。 The pilot was trying to make contact with his base. 飞行员正试图与基地取得联系。 I have kept in contact with my best friend by telephone for many years. 许多年来我一直与我最好的朋友保持电话联系。 I don’t usually have much personal contact with him. 我平常很少与他有私人的往来。 ①我和大多数大学同学都失去联系好多年了。 I have been out of contact with most of my university friends for many years. ②我打算设法与他们取得联系。我太想念他们了。 I’m going to try to make/ get into contact with them. I missed them very much. Period Two Reading and Vocabulary 课标导航 功能 Showing position and direction(指明位置和方向) 1.Is Guangzhou in the east of China? 2.The city Urumqi is in the northwest of China. 1.It's been six years since we last saw each other ...since 引导的时间状语从句 2.And this is the first time I've visited your hometown.It/This is the first/second time+从句 从句时态用现在完成时 3.Sounds OK to me.系动词用法 Present perfect tense(现在完成时) 写一篇关于你的社区的文章 强调句型(2012 重庆高考,32) ;It's high time that 后跟句子用虚拟语气(2012 辽宁高考,33) ;put 动词短语(2012 全国新课标,27) ;pay off(2012 安徽高 考,28) ;attract(2010 江苏高考,24) ;in exchange for(2010 湖北高考,30)

句型

语法 写作 考点

文本感知 Read the passage on P32 carefully and fill in the blanks. City 6 Xiamen is one of the most 1.______places John has been to.And it's also one of the most interesting cities on the 2.______.

德阳五中 高一英语 ◆必修 1 ◆导学案

编写:杨军

校审:车崇才

People Climate The business district Places of interest The western district Gulangyu Island 导学互动

Everyone in the city seems 3.______. The climate is pretty 4.______in the summer but quite cold in the winter. ▲The huge apartment block has just been 5.______ ▲The 6.______ for an apartment there is very high. ▲Many 7.______buildings have been put up. ▲There are some great 8.______. It is the most interesting part of the city.It has got some really pretty 9.______. ▲It's just across the water. ▲It's a ( n ) 10.______ island with some really interesting architecture.

1.It's been six years since we last saw each other,you know.(P32) 你知道,从我们上次见面到现在有 6 年了。 本句是由 since 引导的时间状语从句,主句用现在完成时,从句用一般过去时,意为“自 从……以来……”,在此结构中,如主句表示一段时间,可用一般现在时代替,此句也可改为 It is six years since we last saw each other,you know.

It is/has been three years since he became a doctor.他当医生三年了。 It is three years since he smoked.他戒烟已经三年了。 (1)“It is/has been+一段时间+since 从句(从句中谓语动作 不能延续)”意为“自从……已经多 久了”。 ①It is two years since I came here. 我来这儿已经两年了。 (2)“It is/has been+一段时间+since 从句(从句中谓语动作延续)”意为“自从不做??已 经多久了”。 ②It has been two years since I here. 我不在这儿住已经两年了。 [点津] 特别注意该句型中 since 从句的时态用一般过去时。 联想拓展 It will be+时间段+before 从句(常用一般现在时)要过多久才…… It won't be long before we meet again.过不了多久我们就会再见面的。 It was+时间点+when 从句 ……的时候…… It was eleven when I came home last night.昨天晚上我十一点回的家。 It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+句子(强调句型) It was at eight o'clock that the plane landed at the airport.飞机是在八点钟降落到机场的。 (1)根据中文提示完成句子,每空一词 ①It ____ ____(已经)half a year since his departure from Shanghai. ②It has been a long time since she ______(居住)here. 7

2013 年下学期◆高一 ____月____日 班级:_______ 姓名:__________

Module 4

③It ______(有)five years since he joined the army. (2)单项选择 How time flies!It has been ten years ______ I moved to Chongqing. A.when B.that C.before D.since 2.And this is the first time I've visited your hometown.(P32) 这是我第一次参观你的家乡。 It/This is+the+序数词+time+(that)主语+has/have done.某人第几次做某事 that 引导定语从句,that 在口语中常省略。

图示:

It is the first time I have seen such a wonderful thing. 这是我第一次看见这么好的东西。 This is the third time I have told you not to bring your cellphone into the class. 这是我第三次告诉你不要把手机带到课堂上来。 联想拓展 the first time 作为连词,引导状语从句,强调第一次做某事的时候。 The first time I flew in a plane I was really frightened. 我第一次乘飞机时确实很害怕。 It is (high) time+that 从句(从句中须用虚拟语气,即从句中用一般过去时或 should +动词原形) It's (high) time that we started.我们该出发了。 It is time that you should get up.是你起床的时间了。 单项选择 (1)This is the first time that I ______ face to face with the president. A.had come B.have come C.came D.come (2)______ I toured the West Lake,I was deeply impressed by its beautiful scenery. A.For the first time B.It was the first time C.Firstly D.The first time 3.They've put up a lot of high- buildings recentl y.(P32) rise 他们最近建了很多摩天大楼。 put up 建造;举起;架起;张贴;为……提供膳宿;提高价钱 They're putting up a new office block. 他们正在建造一幢新办公楼。 Put up your hand if you have questions.如果你有问题请举手。 She put up the exam results.她贴出了这次考试的结果。 I'm afraid I can't put you up.You'll have to go to a hotel. 恐怕我不能给你们提供膳宿。你们得到旅馆去住。 They have put the price up.他们提高了价格。 写出下列句子中 put up 的含义。 8

德阳五中 高一英语 ◆必修 1 ◆导学案

编写:杨军

校审:车崇才

①Put up your hand if you have questions. ②They're putting up a new office block. ③She put up the exam results. ④I'm afraid I can't put you up.You'll have to go to a hotel. ⑤They have put the price up. 联想拓展 put away 收拾;整理 put on 穿;戴;上演 put aside 放下;储存 put out 扑灭;伸出(手) put back 放回;向后拨 put through 接通电话 put down 写下;记下 put up with 忍受;容忍 put forward 提出;推荐 put off 推迟 用适当的介词或副词填空 (1)The manager had to put his work ______ for a time for an urgent accident. (2)The boy put the food ______ in the cupboard after he finished his dinner. (3)She has decided to put herself ______ as a candidate. (4)Don't put ______ until tomorrow what can be done today. (5)Would you mind putting your cigarette ______,please? (6)Your call has been put ______. (7)That woman,as a housewife,has a lot to put ______. (8)Put your coat ______.It is very cold outside. (9)A new play was put ______ last night. (10)He put ______ a good sum of money for her daughter to go to university. 4.What's the climate_like? 气候怎么样? (1)“What+be+sb./sth.+like?”意为“??怎么样?”这 一句型可用于询问对人或事物的评价和感想,也可用于询问人的外貌、性格、品质或事物的 外观、特征等。 ①— What is the film like? 这部电影怎么样? — Wonderful. 非常精彩。 ②— What is your brother like? 你弟弟怎么样? — He is tall and handsome.He is very kind to me. 他高大、英俊,而且对我非常好。 (2)“What do/does+主语+look like?”意为“某人长相如何”,着重指外貌特征。 ③ his brother look like? 他哥哥长得如何? (3)“How do you like/find ...?”相当于“What do you think of ...?”|意为 “你觉 得??怎么样”,询问意见、看法等。 ④How do you find/like the film? 你认为这部电影怎么样? 跟踪训练 1. It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money __favors to them. A.in preference to B.in place of C.in agreement with D.in exchange for 2. —Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? — . Ours is much stronger than theirs. A.Of course B.It depends C.Don't mention it D.By no means 3.—John and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding anniversary next month. 9

2013 年下学期◆高一 ____月____日 班级:_______ 姓名:__________

Module 4

—Oh, ! A.cheer up B.well done C.go ahead D.congratulations 4.This is the first time we __________ a film in the cinema together as a family. A.see B.had seen C.saw D.have seen 5.So far this year we a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent. A.saw B.see C.had seen D. have seen 6.—Did you go to see the play last night? —Unluckily, I couldn't it. But I am going to see it soon. A.do B.Get C.make D.take 7.He didn't want to bother her his financial problems on their honeymoon. A.with B.to C.On D.through 8.—Do you still smoke? — . It is years since I smoked. A.No,I don't B.Yes,I do C.Not too much D.A lot 9.I like her to solving the problem. A.way B.means C.approach D.method 10.—How about seeing the new movie at the theatre tonight? — ,but I've got to go over my notes for tomorrow's exam. A.All right B.Sounds great C.I can't D.No,I am terribly sorry

1. 【解析】 D 考查介词短语辨析。根据句意“对公务员来说,向人们索要礼物或金钱作为 好处是违法的。”in exchange for 在这里表示“交换”。in preference to “而不是”;in place of“代 替”;in agreement with“符合,一致”。 2. 【解析】 D 本题考查情景对话。 根据 Ours is much stronger than theirs 可知 By no means(绝 不可能、 决不会)符合语境。 Of course 表示“当然可以”; depends 表示“看情况而定”; 而 It Don't mention it 表示“不用谢”,均不符合语境,故排除。 3. 【解析】 D 考查交际用语。根据题意可知:这儿应用一个表示祝贺的词(短语)。故选 D。 4. 【解析】 D 考查特定句型公式中时态的运用。句型公式:It/That/This is the first (second, third…) time+that 从句(现在完成时)。5. 【解析】 D 本题考查动词的现在完成时态。so far 作为时间状语,句子使用现在完成时。 6. 【解析】 C 本题考查固定用法。make it 意思是“成功做到”,此处指“没能看成”。 7. 【解析】 A 句意为: 在他们度蜜月期间,他不想因为他的财务问题使她烦心。bother sb with/about sth “为某事打扰或烦扰某人”,是固定搭配。 8. 【解析】 A 本题考查 It is…since 句型的正确理解。要表示“自从我抽烟已经很久了”应该 用:It is years since I began to smoke. 而本题中是指“自从我不抽烟到现在已经很久了。” 9. 【解析】 C 本题考查 approach 的意义和用法。approach 表示“方法”的时候,后面的 to 为介词。其他表示方法的名词搭配为:the way to do/the means of doing/the method of doing。 10. 【解析】 B 从题意来看,对于别人的提议和邀请要作出明确的回答同意还是不同意。 如果拒绝一般用:I'm sorry/afraid that…; all right 可以表示同意某人的建议或做某事,但根 据后面的语境判断说话者并不打算去。此处说“这主意听起来很好,但是……”,故用 Sounds great.

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