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高考英语之图表作文


图表作文写作步骤 1 对比分析,寻找数据的变化规律 2 筛选数据这些数据是够具有典型代表性是否需要一一列出?一般而言首尾数 字以及增减值是必需的 3 强调数据间的关系,突出变化 4 仍旧的用主题句通常此类作文 第一段主题句表示某些变化 第二段分析引起 变化的因素 (原因) 第三段总结归纳或者提出问题 其他注意点 1)图表的参照时间和所使用的单位 2)从而正确选用时态。一般而 言,

没有参照时间的表格和图表常用一般现在时,有参照时间的一般选用一般 过去式。 实例 1 根据题目要求,简要描述某城市近年每百人手机用户增长情况,并是分 析其增长原因

As is shown in the bar chart, the number of mobile phone subscribers has increased dramatically in recent years. In 1995, only 2 in 100 people had a mobile phone. But in 2001, almost 50 in 100 people carried a mobile phone. This number was more than double that of 1999 and nearly 5 times that of 1997. The root cause leading to such a growth of mobile phone users is the fast development of Chinese economy With the increasing business activities, there is swelling demand of fast and convenient way of communication. Without meeting face to face or writing letters, which prove to be time-consuming and inconvenient, people just need to dial a contact, wherever and whenever they feel the need. It is foreseeable that the number of-mobile phone subscribers will continue to increase with the Chinese economic development. 实例 2 题目要求 下图是 2010 年每月中发生的汽车交通事故。请按照以下要求 完成作文 1)描述曲线 2)分析交通事故下降的可能原因 3)预测今年交通事故 的走势

The number of car accidents in this city fluctuated during the year of 1990. It increased in the first three months and decreased in the following three months. After that, the ?number of car accidents went up again. In August, the number reached the

top., Since then, car accidents had been reduced remarkably. There were only 16 car accidents in December. There were several reasons for the decline of car accidents in the city. First, some new roads were built and some narrow streets were widened, which reduced the flow of traffic. Second, a new traffic law was made and came into force. The new traffic regulations laid down in the law are stricter than the old ones. Third, the city administration strengthened the education of keeping traffic rules. People, especially drivers realized the importance of keeping the rules. From the rise and fall rate of car accidents in the graph, we can predict that the rate of car accidents will go on falling because the new measures afford some guarantee. 实例 3 饼图 首先要明确并图的主题,其次看一下整个图形分成几个小部分,并 对各个部分进行比较,看其在并途中的百分比是多少,最后对各个部分进行分 析比较解释和描写。

As can be seen from the pie diagram, the main expenditure of an average British family is spent on food, which accounts for 25% of its total expenditure. The next two significant expending items are transport and housing, which are 15% and 12% respectively. If we take clothing and footwear into account, which makes up 10%, the above-mentioned four essentials of life amount to 62% of the total expenditure. From these figures one can easily see that the cost of living in England is very high. By the way, both tobacco and alcoholic drink expenditures are 5% respectively,. so it is not surprising to say that the British must be great tobacco and alcoholic consumers. 图画类作文 图画作文要求将画面内容或者图片信息转换成传神达意的文字形 式,术语说明文性质,其目的是考查学生的观察分析能力,想象力和语言表达 能力。看图作文要求 1)主题明确,既能够概括画面所反映的中心议题 2)图文 一直,既要包括图画中所反映的主要内容。通常用叙述 和议论相结合的写作方 式。 在具体写作时,要注意叙述和议论侧重点的问题,这完全取决于题目的要求。 比如图 1 和图 2 图 1 要求简要描述图片,结合生活实际,就图片主题谈自己的 感想;图 2 要求简要描述图片,并谈谈自己对在业余时间参加过多的不惜和培 训的看法 很明显描写占很小比例,而主要笔墨放在看到图画所产生的感情 上,图 3 要求下图是小学新生的课堂一脚,对照你当时的上课情况,作出比较并谈谈你的感受。你的
作文必须包括:

●描述图片里学生上课的场景 ●比较你同时期的上课情况 ●简单谈谈你的感受

详写的部分则应该是图画,和作者当时上课的情形,最后简要谈感受。

图 1 范文 In the picture, we can see that a girl?s parents and her grandmother are helping her, which makes it impossible for her to ride bicycle on her own. What is more ridiculous, her mother even carries a first-aid kit with her. In fact, this is not a picture just for fun. It tells us that parents shouldn?t overprotect their children. They should let their children be more independent. Many parents share the opinion that they must get everything ready for their children so that their children could put more emphasis on their study. They all failed to consider that with the help of this kind, children won?t be able to live their own life without their parents in the future. Nowadays, it is often reported that a college student doesn?t know how to wash her socks. How can she compete with others after graduation? Love and attention is needed ii the growth of a child, but it should never be too much or you?ll spoil the child. and he will accomplish nothing in his life. 图 3 范文 When I first saw the picture, I was deeply moved. In the picture, foreign pupils are having a lesson. They all raise their hands, eager to answer the questions raised by their teacher. The smile on their faces tells us how confident they are. I seem to have seen their enthusiastic attitude towards study, school life and even future. The picture reminds me of my personal experience when I was a primary school student. At that time, I, as well as others of my age, was required to obey the rules of school. We sat quietly in the classroom and listened to the teacher?s words silently. There were not many live discussions among us. We dared not answer the teacher?s questions, let alone raise our hands voluntarily for we were afraid of making mistakes.

After seeing the picture, I realize that there is a huge difference between western education and Chinese education. The former encourages students to air their own opinions, which contributes to the cultivation of students? individuality and creativity. However, the latter lays emphasis on discipline, thus partly preventing students from being imaginative and confident. Therefore, there should be a reform in Chinese education so as to cultivate more future talent.

A survey has been conducted among senior high students on the topic “To whom do you go when in trouble.” The data from the pie chart shows that “classmates and friends” ranks first at 58%, which is followed by “their own” at 33%. However, the least proportion goes to “parents and teachers” at only 9%. As far as I am concerned, I am not among the majority that tends to ask friends for help I am willing to go to parents and teachers and I think my peers should also consider going to them when in trouble. Firstly, parents and teachers may know more about you than yourselves. Since they have a more objective and all-round perspective on you, they are bound to give you useful advice. What?s more, parents and teachers are experienced adults who have suffered many worries and hardships. They must have accumulated much experience which can broaden your horizons when you deal with matters. Last but not least, by having constant communications with your parents and teachers. You are sure to strengthen the relationship with them despite the generation gap. In a word, to go to adults when in trouble may help you more when you are in difficulty. For the reasons above, I want to call on my peers to communicate more often with their parents and teachers.
图表作文常用句型 As is shown in the graph… 如图所示… The graph shows that… 图表显示… As can be seen from the table,… 从表格中可以看出… From the chart, we know that… 从这张表中,我们可知… All these data clearly prove the fact that… 所有这些数据明显证明这一事实,即… The increase of …. In the city has reached to 20%... 在这个城市的增长已达到 20%. In 1985, the number remained the same. 1985 年,这个数字保持不变. There was a gradual decline in 1989. 1989 年,出现了逐渐下降的情况.

The first reason can be seen by every person. 第一个原因其实很明显。 The first and most important reason is that….. 第一个而且最重要的原因是______________。 One of the reasons that are given for….is that…. ______________的原因之一是__________________。 Perhaps this is because of the simple fact that….. 也许,原因很简单,亦即_____________________。 One of the premier causes is that(注意用词) 最重要的原因之一便是______________。 At the risk of sounding too simplistic, it seems to me that the main propositions can be summarized in one saying. 这个原因可能较简单,不过,我认为可以用一句谚语来概括,________。 We may look into every possible reason, however, foremost reason for …. Is …. 其实有很多原因,不过,造成________的最重要的原因是______________。

此文里面可能用到的词汇 the motive of study to pass the CEE to meet the demands of parents and society to fulfil one?s own interest


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