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b1u4&5g-attribute clauses定语从句


定语从句 Attribute Clauses
By Amanda

You're on the phone with your girlfriend, she’s upset. She’s going off about something that you said 'Cuz she doesn't, get your h

umor like I do... I'm in the room, it's a typical Tuesday night I'm listening to the kind of music she doesn't like and she'll never know your story like I do But she wears short skirts I wear T-shirts She's cheer captain And I'm on the bleachers Dreaming about the day when you wake up And find what you're looking for has been here the whole time If you could see that I'm the one who understands you been here all along so why can't you see, you You belong with me You belong with me

You belong with me

You belong with me
She’s going off about something that you said. I'm listening to the kind of music she doesn't like. Dreaming about the day when you wake up. If you could see that I'm the one who understands you.

Lessons for today
? 限制性定于从句 (that, which, who, whom, whose)
? 关系副词和 “介词+ which/whom”

定义

? 限制性定于从句 (that, which, who, whom, whose)

一、关系代词的用法
关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时可以省。
指人 指物 Who Whom Which that whose √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 主语 主语 定语 在定语从句中的作用 主语 宾语

宾语 宾语 宾语

who/whom/that
? Gary has a lovely daughter. who/that ? She looks like a famous Korean boy.

which/that

? The university teaches how to make fried chickens.
? I’d like to visit the university. that

whose

? My hero is Steven Jobs. ? His pursuit of innovation has changed whose the world.

Attention :一般用that而不用which。
(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不定代词时。

I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow.
(2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等 修饰时。 I’ve read all the books that are not mine. (3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 This is the first book (that) he has read. (4)先行词被the only, the very, the right等修饰时。 This is the very book that belongs to him.

who/that

Exercises

(who/that) (which /that) that

that

(that)
(that) (which /that) which/that whose

which/that happened yesterday

who/that won the first prize
which/that runs through

who/that attended the meeting

(who/whom) you interviewed

Games
Use attribute clauses to express the words given.

Lessons for today
? 关系副词和 “介词+ which/whom”

Lessons for today
? 关系副词

关系副词引导的定语从句

二 关系副词的用法
关系副词 when (=at/in/on /during/ …which) where (=in/at/… which) why (=for which) 指代 在从句中的作用

时间
地点 原因

时间状语 地点状语
原因状语

?关系副词引导定语从句时,既引导定语从句,又在

定语从句中充当状语。

关系副词引导的定语从句

? April, 3rd will never be forgotten. ? Many innocent people died from when the terrible earthquake on April, 3rd.

? April, 3rd will never be forgotten.
1) Many innocent people died from the terrible earthquake on April, 3rd. 2) April,3rd is a heartbreaking day.

= on which ? 1) April, 3rd when many innocent people died from the

terrible earthquake will never be forgotten. ? 2) April, 3rd which is a heartbreaking day will never be forgotten.

关系副词引导的定语从句

The Geography Garden is a beautiful site in our school. I take a rest in thewhere Geography Garden after lunch.

? The Geography Garden is a beautiful site in our school. 1) I take a rest in the Geography Garden after lunch. 2) The Geography Garden is helpful for our geography.

= in which ? ? 1) The Geography Garden where I take a rest after lunch
is a beautiful site in our school. 2) The Geography Garden which is helpful for our geography is a beautiful site in our school.

关系副词引导的定语从句

? That is the reason. ? Korea claims Journey West to be theirs for the reason. why

? That is the reason. 1) Korea claims Journey West to be theirs for the reason. 2) Chinese won’t accept the reason.

= for which ? 1) That is the reason why Korea claims Journey West to
be theirs for the reason. ? 2) That is the reason which Chinese won’t accept.

Games
? Making sentences begin with WHEN,WHERE,WHY or THAT,WHICH,WHO,WHOM

Lessons for today
? “介词+ which/whom”

“介词+ which/whom”
? ? I will always remember the day. My father took me to go fishing on that day.

when ? 1) I will always remember the day _________ my father took me to go fishing. on which ? 2) I will always remember the day _________ my father took me to go fishing.

“名词/代词/数词+介词+关系代词”
? ? Today I bought 7 books. Two of the books are about sports.

two of which ? Today I bought 7 books, ____________ are about sports.

介词与关系代词的搭配
? ? Nowhere could he find his glasses. He could see nothing without his glasses.

without which ? Nowhere could he find his glasses,____________ he could see nothing.

“介词+ which/whom”
1) “介词+which/whom” 在所引导的定语从句中 作时间/地点/原因状语。 2) “名词/代词/数词+介词+关系代词”结构 常用来表示与先行词之间的从属关系。 3) 看介词与关系代词的搭配。

in which/where

Exercises

for which/why (that/which) at which/where in which/where when (that/which) at which/where in which/where

of which

in which/when we worked together

(that/which) we have spent

for which/why he was so angry

(that/which) I want to know
in which/where we can swim

(that/which) his father built which are written

where nobody can cure her

the first one of which I enjoyed very much

to whom they can talk/ who(whom) they can talk to

Games
1) I have several friends, most______________.
2) Thanksgiving Day ______________ is a popular festival America. 3) I often go to the park __________________.

Homework
? Translation:
1.这是我们一起成长的城市。 2. 我认识一位同学,她母亲经常陪她一起逛街。 3.我有个弟弟,我总是照顾他。 4.教室里有60多位同学,大部分来自同一座城市。 5.我非常喜欢我的同学们,没有他们我不会那么快乐。


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