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2014-2015 学年高三英语一模汇编----完形填空
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fi

ll in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The most exciting kind of education is also the most personal. Nothing is beyond the joy of discovering for yourself something that is a big ___51___ to you! It may be an idea or a bit of information you come across accidentally or a sudden understanding, fitting together pieces of information or working through a problem. Such personal ___52___ are the "payoff" in education. A teacher may direct you to learning and even ___53___ you in it-but no teacher can make the excitement or the joy happen. That is ___54___ you. A research paper, assigned in a course and perhaps checked at ___55___ stages by an instructor, leads you beyond classrooms, beyond the texts for classes and into a ___56___ where the joy of discovery and learning can come to you many times. Preparing the research paper is an active and individual process, and ___57___ learning process. It provides a structure within which you can make exciting discoveries, of knowledge and of self, which are basic to education. The research paper also gives you a chance to individualize a school assignment, to ___58___ a piece of work to your own interests and abilities, to show others what you can do. Writing a research paper is ___59___ just a classroom exercise. It is an experience in searching out, understanding and synthesizing (综合), which forms the ___60___ of many skills applicable to both academic and nonacademic tasks. It is, in the fullest sense, a discovery, an education. So, to produce a good research paper is both a useful and a ___61___ satisfying experience! To some, the thought of having to write an ___62___ number of pages, often more than ever produced before, is disturbing. To others, the very idea of having to work independently is ___63___. But there is no need to approach paper assignment with ___64___, and nobody should view the research paper as an obstacle to overcome. ___65___, consider it a goal to accomplish, a goal within reach if you find great pleasure in it. 51. A. mistake 52. A. behaviours 53. A. encourage 54. A. familiar to 55. A. similar 56. A. outcome 57. A. ideal 58. A. devote 59. A. no more than 60. A. evidence 61. A. hardly B. deal B. opportunities B. assess B. suitable for B. unbelievable B. process B. complicated B. lead B. less than B. basis B. skillfully C. plan C. encounters C. emphasize C. considerate of C. flexible C. achievement C. competitive C. suit C. none other than C. impression C. thoroughly

D. challenge D. entertainments D. affect D. dependent on D. various D. position D. causal D. adopt D. more than D. experience D. vividly

62. A. assigned B. limited 63. A. inspiring B. rewarding 64. A. anxiety B. interest 65. A. Furthermore B. Instead 51-65. DCADD BACDB CADAB

C. established C. frightening C. excitement C. However

D. fixed D. threatening D. embarrassment D. Therefore

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Digital fingerprinting, fluctuations (波动) in the dollar exchange rate, and a mass of online information are some of the ways making travel to the United Nations in 2010 a different ___51___ for international visitors than it was earlier in the 21st century. These ___52___ are evident before the visitor leaves his or her country. In 2004, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security(DHS)——a department of the federal government established by laws and regulations in late 2002, after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks——established a new series of security ___53___ for the international visitors holding non-U.S. passports or visas. ___54___ when these visitors apply for a visa, the officer ___55___ them reviews their application and supporting papers and collects both digital fingerprints and a digital photograph. Recently, the waiting time for these interviews has been significantly ___56___. According to Geoff Freeman, a senior vice president of public affairs of U.S. Travel, the trade organization for the U.S. travel industry, many prospective visa applicants now wait fewer than 30 days for an interview, ___57___ more than 100 days in the past. The Visa Waiter Program(VWP)—which ___58___ citizens from countries that meet various security and other requirements from obtaining a visa for visits to the United States of 90 days or fewer for business or pleasure— ___59___ 36 countries such as Australia, Austria, Belgium and so on. A traveler from a country ___60___ in the VWP must obtain an Electronic System for Travel Authorization(ESTA), an online travel authorization, established by DHS. ESTA determines, before the traveler boards a flight, whether the traveler is ___61___ to travel to the United States under the VWP and whether such travel poses any law implementation or security risks. When an international traveler arrives in the United States, he or she must subject one of the two ___62___ to the U.S. Customs and Boarder Protection(CBP)officer: either a white Form I-94, if the traveler has a visa, or a green Form I-94W, if the traveler is a VWP participant. The CBP officer asks the traveler questions about his or her stay, scans the traveler‘s fingerprints, and takes a digital photograph. ___63___, VWP travelers, who are not required to obtain a visa, will soon need to pay a fee. The travelers keeps a portion of the I-94 or I-94W form after the CBP ___64___ and returns it to CBP upon departure from the United States. In 2007 Congress authorized the consumption of $40 million on a ―Model Ports of Entry‖ program, designed to improve the ___65___ procedures of foreign travelers at the 20 U.S. airports with the highest

number of international visitors. The program aims to improve staffing, queue management, signage, and infrastructure at the top 20 U.S. international airports and to hire at least 200 new CBP officers. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. A. experiment A. changes A. explanations A. Surprisingly A. inspecting A. reduced A. owing to A. protects A. leads to A. persevering A. accessible A. participants A. For instance A. check A. queue B. examination B. fluctuations B. registrations B. Specifically B. instructing B. resolved B. compared to B. stimulates B. applies to B. previewing B. acceptable B. decisions B. As a result B. project B. program BCCAC C. experience C. fingerprints C. applications C. Hopefully C. interviewing C. reviewed C. according to C. promises C. depends on C. participating C. available C. documents C. In addition C. design C. arrival D. excursion D. communications D. procedures D. Occasionally D. investigating D. released D. added up to D. relieves D. makes up D. promoting D. adaptable D. photographs D. On the contrary D. proposal D. departure

51-65 CADBC


III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Leadership is a word getting a lot of attention these days. It appears in the title of new advice, how-to, and business books with amazing ___51___. Definitions vary, but most of the ones I‘ve seen don‘t help much. It‘s a totally ___52___ subject: You think A is a great leader; I like B‘s ___53___ better. That is, you may not be able to ___54___ it, but you know it when you see it. So this is my take on the elusive (难以捉摸的) concept: Years ago, leadership had ___55__ to do with a specific ability. ―Leader‖ was the ___56___ given to the emperor of the organization. The person was the commander, the ___57___ with complete control. But ___58___ there is another way to establish yourself as a leader. Here is my definition: Leadership is the ability to get others to do what you want, need, or expect them to do, and feel good about doing it. It is the ___59___ part (feeling good about doing it) that is so elusive. If I am in charge, I can certainly demand you do what I expect you to do and insist you get it done. I can give orders. ___60___, I am the boss, and everyone knows what that means. It is a sure way to destroy the atmosphere of the ___61___. Today, I believe that approach is on the way ___62___, although it will always be with us. When

people hate the boss, sure, the boss is called ―leader‖—but not a good one, because the followers are an unhappy bunch. If they had another, ___63___ job to go to, they would be gone in a minute. Here is a list of the qualities I believe it ___64___ to be a good leader: 1. Likable; 2. Trustworthy; 3. Competent and experienced; 4. Part of the team; 5. Able and willing to participate; 6. Ready to ___65___; 7. Adaptable to change; 8. Eager to share credit. 51. A. activity B. regularity 52. A. wrong B. unnecessary 53. A. system B. style 54. A. define B. understand 55. A. a lot B. something 56. A. rank B. type 57. A. authority B. candidate 58. A. reasonably B. hopefully 59. A. first B. second 60. A. Above all B. After all 61. A. friendship B. school 62. A. over B. in 63. A. money-saving B. highly-demanding 64. A. endures B. takes 65. A. please B. change 51-65 BDBAC CADBB DDCBC C. reality C. objective C. sample C. analyze C. nothing C. title C. specialist C. sadly C. former C. For instance C. company C. along C. decent-paying C. minds C. listen D. sensitivity D. subjective D. speech D. summarize D. everything D. honor D. assistant D. fortunately D. whole D. On the contrary D. workplace D. out D. far-reaching D. describes D. follow

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Radio began as a point-to-point communication device. In 1919, Radio Corporation of American would charge a fee if you sent a message from one radio to another. Either the senders or the recipients pay the fee. The purpose was basically to undercut the telegraph, and they made their money ___51___, not by providing radio as a ___52___ but by selling hardware. In about 1922, radio ___53___ into a broadcast mechanism. For broadcasting, in the simple sense, there was a ___54___ and it broadcast, and lots of people could hear it. But broadcasting was seen as a way to drive business to the radio hardware makers. The stations were ___55___ by people who made radios or ___56___, by churches and universities that wanted to get their ___57___ out but weren‘t going to make money. And there was a lot of stuff which sounds very ___58___ today about how this medium was going to ___59___. And in the 20s, Radio Broadcast Magazine ___60___ a $500 prize for the best essay that answered the question: ―Who is going to pay for broadcasting, and how?‖ The winner suggested a ___61___ on radio listeners. Now, it sounds a little strange to us, but that‘s actually the British model. The

BBC supports itself by a tax on TV and radio sets. There was some discussion about___62___, and Herbert Hoover, the Secretary of Commerce then, was strongly against this idea. He said it was ___63___ that we should allow so great a possibility for service ___64___ by advertising chatter. The Commerce Department was ___65___ radio at the time. After the creation of national radio networks then the pressure – advertisers wanted to go on with it, people who owned the radio network wanted to sell ads, and that‘s how radio developed as an advertising medium. 51. A. briefly B. naturally 52. A. listener B. service 53. A. developed B. extended 54. A. magazine B. platform 55. A. wanted B. made 56. A. in some cases B. in return 57. A. way B. message 58. A. critical B. persuasive 59. A. communicate B. broadcast 60. A. offered B. won 61. A. reward B. tax 62. A. broadcasting B. advertising 63. A. essential B. inconvenient 64. A. sent B. created 65. A. regulating B. producing 51-65 CBADC ABCDA BBDCA C. basically C. broadcaster C. made C. stop C. sponsored C. on the contrary C. profit C. familiar C. emerge C. missed C. fine C. chattering C. difficult C. drowned C. providing D. eventually D. applicant D. drove D. station D. sold D. on the whole D. opinion D. great D. survive D. abandoned D. rent D. modeling D. unbelievable D. suggested D. developing

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The next great land area that man hopes to control is the moon. In size it is nearly ___51___ to the area of North and South America. However, it presents a hostile (不友好的) environment. Temperatures ___52___ +120 to -150 degrees Centigrade (摄氏). There is no air, and no water. Today there are ___53___ scientific speculation (思索) about living on the moon. When man will begin life on the moon surface is still not ___54___. But experts believe that settlement will take place in three steps. First, there will be increasing periods of exploration with temporary ___55___. These periods will be followed by longer stays with housing under the surface of the moon and systems necessary to ___56___ life brought by the colonizers themselves. Finally, colonies that are ecologically and ___57___ self-supporting will be established. The principal job of the early settlers will be to stay ___58___. They will have to bulid shelters to ___59___ an atmosphere like that of earth. They will have to plant crops under huge domes to produce

food and ___60___ and find water sources. After this is done, the settlers will have time to explore the possibilities of commercial development and to make discoveries important to science. The characteristics of the moon that make it bad for human staying alive may make it ___61___ for certain kinds of manufacturing. Operations that require a vacuum or extreme cold, are an ___62___. Precision ball bearing, industrial diamonds, or certain medicines might be produced on the moon. The most immediate interest in the moon, however, is a scientific one. Geologists can explore the history and composition of the ___63___. Meteorologists will have opportunities to forecast weather on earth. Cosmologists can study the origin of the solar system. Astronomers(天文学家) can use their optical telescopes and radio telescopes ___64___ of atmospheric and man-made distortions. And perhaps at some distant date the moon can serve as a base from which space explorers can travel to other planets in the earth‘s solar system and to worlds ___65___. 51. A. superior B. essential 52. A. range B. restore 53. A. sociable B. inevitable 54. A. determined B. occupied 55. A. monuments B. shelters 56. A. sacrifice B. support 57. A. economically B. sociably 58. A. active B. attractive 59. A. mention B. motivate 60. A. mineral B. oxygen 61. A. ideal B. complicated 62. A. explanation B. excursion 63. A. earth B. star 64. A. full B. conscious 65. A. beyond B. highly 51-65 CADAB BACCB ADCDA C. equal C. sort C. mysterious C. initiated C. rockets C. spare C. imaginarily C. alive C. maintain C. protein C. difficult C. executive C. satellite C. lack C. else D. fertile D. rise D. considerable D. resembled D. houses D. risk D. enthusiastically D. ambitious D. monitor D. medicine D. expensive D. example D. planet D. free D. ahead

Six【闵行区】 Seven【奉贤区】
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Music produces profound and lasting changes in the brain. Schools should add music classes, not cut them. Nearly 20 years ago, a small study advanced the ___51___ that listening to Mozart‘s Sonata(奏鸣曲) could boost mental functioning. It was not long ___52___ trademarked ―Mozart effect‖ products began to appeal to anxious parents aiming to put toddlers ( 刚学步的孩子 ) on the fast track to prestigious

universities like Harvard and Yale. Georgia‘s governor even __53___ giving every newborn there a classical CD or cassette. The ___54___ for Mozart therapy turned out to be weak, perhaps nonexistent, although the ___55___ study never claimed anything more than a temporary and limited effect. In recent years, ___56___, scientists have examined the benefits of a continuous effort to study and practice music, in contrast to playing a Mozart CD or a computer-based―brain fitness‖ game ___57___ in a while. Advanced monitoring ___58___ have enabled scientists to see what happens inside your head when you listen to your mother and actually practice the violin for an hour every afternoon. And they have found that music ___59___ can produce profound and lasting changes that ___60___ the general ability to learn. These results should ___61___ public officials that music classes are not a mere decoration, ready for being given up in the budget crises that constantly troubles public schools. Studies have shown that __62__ instrument training from an early age can help the brain to ___63___ sounds better, making it ___64___ to stay focused when absorbing other subjects, from literature to mathematics. The musically experienced are better able to ___65___ a biology lesson despite the noise in the classroom or, a few years later, to finish a call with a client when a colleague in the next office starts screaming a subordinate(下属). They can be engaged in several things at once, which is an essential skill in this era of multitasking. 51. A. notice B. note 52. A. that B. until 53. A. proposed B. pushed 54. A. witness B. evidence 55. A. recent B. advanced 56. A. however B. moreover 57. A. quite B. once 58. A. management B. techniques 59. A. subjects B. models 60. A. enhance B. introduce 61. A. convey B. convince 62. A. urgent B. casual 63. A. proceed B. process 64. A. easier B. harder 65. A. count on B. concentrate on 51-65CDABC ABBDA BCBAB C. idea C. since C. submitted C. symptom C. original C. then C. often C. information C. causes C. ensure C. communication C. diligent C. prefer C. tougher C. insist on D. impression D. before D. subjected D. context D. latest D. therefore D. much D. mechanics D. lessons D. instruct D. conclude D. occasional D. predict D. faster D. depend on

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. It is one of the most terrifying moments for any urban cyclists: the first time a huge, high-sided

construction truck lumbers alongside, the driver ___51___ within their high cab (驾驶室) . Now a leading cycling group hopes it has ___52___ with a solution -- the cyclist-friendly lorry. The draft design, to be unveiled (揭幕) on Wednesday by the London Cycling Campaign, reduces the overall height of the lorry, ___53___ the driving position, and greatly ___54___ the side windows of the cab, stretching them as close to road level as possible. ___55___ drivers of the traditional lorry have to rely on ___56___ and sensors to spot cyclists or pedestrians close to the front offside of the vehicle, if they can detect them at all, the new design all but ___57___ this blind spot. It is undoubtedly a big ___58___, especially in London, where lorries form about 5% of vehicle traffic ___59___ are responsible for about half of all cyclist deaths, with a large ___60___ of these involving construction lorries, often turning left into a cyclist. In 2011, of the 16 cyclist deaths in London, nine involved lorries, of which seven were construction vehicles. If elements of the London Cycling Campaign's design look familiar that is ___61___ they are already in use – many ___62___ rubbish lorries already feature low-silled glass doors, allowing the drivers to look out for both staff ___63___ bins and other pedestrians. This demonstrated how construction companies could change if they wanted to. A study___64___last month by Transport for London said construction trucks were disproportionately (不成比率地) involved in cyclist accidents and recommended ___65___ such as giving drivers delivering goods to building sites more realistic time slots to avoid them being tempted into recklessness. 51. A. inaccessible B. inconvenient 52. A. break away B. put down 53. A. totally B. especially 54. A. strengthens B. extends 55. A. While B. Since 56. A. windows B. drawers 57. A. calculates B. disapproves 58. A. solution B. method 59. A. so B. or 60. A. deal B. number 61. A. because B. until 62. A. realistic B. domestic 63. A. participating B. associating 64. A. released B. reflected 65. A. differences B. problems 51-65. CCBBA DDCCB ABDAD C. invisible C. come up C. generally C. increase C. However C. carriages C. implements C. issue C. but C. amount C. unless C. academic C. assembling C. motivated C. factors D. inexact D. get along D. probably D. improves D. Before D. mirrors D. eliminates D. highlight D. and D. burden D. whether D. traffic D. collecting D. hunted D. measures

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Surprising new research suggests it can actually be good to feel bad at work, and that feeling good in the workplace can lead to negative outcomes. The study of emotions in the workplace, edited by University of Liverpool researchers Drs. Dirk Lindebaum and Peter Jordan, is the ___51___ of a Special Issue of the journal Human Relations. They found that the ___52___ held assumption that positivity in the workplace produces positive outcomes, while negative emotions lead to negative outcomes, may be in need for ___53___. This is partly due to this assumption ___54___ to take into account the differences in work contexts which affect outcomes. For instance, anger does not always lead to negative outcomes and can be used as a force for good through acting upon injustices. In some ___55___, anger can be considered a force for good if motivated by perceived violations( 违背 ) of moral standards. An employee, for example, could express anger constructively after a manager has treated a fellow worker ___56___. In such cases, anger can be useful to ___57___ these acts of injustice repeating themselves in the future. Likewise, being too positive in the workplace, ___58___ resulting in greater well-being and greater productivity, can lead to self-satisfaction and superficiality(肤浅). One article within the issue also finds that, within team situations, negativity can have a good effect, leading to less ___59___ and therefore greater discussion among workers which ___60___ team effectiveness. An interesting contradiction(矛盾) is identified in another study of the special issue. Here, people gain ___61___ from doing ―good‖ in the context of helplines by providing support to people in times of emotional distress. ___62___, they are negatively affected by their line of work due to people trying to avoid them in social situations. Lindebaum said, ―The findings of the studies published in this Special Issue ___63___ the widely held assumption that in the workplace positive emotions ___64___ a positive outcome, and vice verse. This Special Issue adds to our knowledge and understanding of how the positive and negative emotions affect the ___65___ environment and has practical application and relevance in the workplace.‖ 51. A. application 52. A. basically 53. A. reconsideration 54. A. stopping 55. A. aspects 56. A. gently 57. A. prevent 58. A. in spite of 59. A. agreement 60. A. determines 61. A. independence 62. A. Moreover 63. A. support 64. A. contribute to 65. A. social B. topic B. logically B. recommendation B. failing B. companies B. strangely B. keep B. apart from B. thinking B. enhances B. knowledge B. Therefore B. challenge B. result from B. surviving C. cause C. commonly C. recognition C. tending C. cultures C. irregularly C. find C. instead of C. production C. reduces C. satisfaction C. Otherwise C. include C. fit in with C. natural

D. objective D. blindly D. reassurance D. managing D. cases D. unfairly D. have D. owing to D. initiative D. influences D. strength D. However D. confirm D. get over D. working


III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. When you say that someone has a good memory, what exactly do you mean? Are you saying that the person has fast recall or that he or she ___51___ information quickly? Or maybe you just mean that the person remembers a lot about her or his childhood. The truth is that it is ___52___ to say exactly what memory is. Even scientists who have been studying memory for decades say they are still trying to ___53___ exactly what it is. We do know that a particular memory is not just one thing stored somewhere in the brain. ___54___, a memory is made up of bits and pieces of information stored all over the brain. Perhaps the best way to ___55___ memory is to say that it is a process—a process of recording, storing, and getting back information. Practice and repetition can help to ___56___ the pieces that make up our memory of that information. Memory can be ___57___ affected by a number of things. ___58___ nutrition can affect a person‘s ability to store information. Excessive alcohol use can also weaken memory and cause permanent ___59___ to the brain over the long term. A vision or hearing problem may affect a person‘s ability to notice certain things, thus making it ___60___ to register information in the brain. When people talk about memory, they often ___61___ short-term memory and long-term memory. If you want to call a store or an office that you don‘t call often, you look in the telephone book for the number. You dial the number, and then you forget it! You use your short-term memory to remember the number. Your short-term memory lasts about 30 seconds, or half a minute. ___62___, you don‘t need to look in the telephone book for your best friend‘s number, because you already know it. This number is in your long-term memory, which ___63___ information about things you have learned and experienced through the years. Why do you forget things sometimes? The major reason for forgetting something is that you did not learn it well enough ___64___. For example, if you meet some new people and right away forget their names, it is because you did not ___65___ the names at the first few seconds when you heard them. 51. A. collects 52. A. necessary 53. A. figure out 54. A. After all 55. A. recall 56. A. lose 57. A. positively 58. A. Poor 59. A. benefit 60. A. easier B. processes B. important B. take out B. Instead B. refresh B. organize B. negatively B. Adequate B. offence B. more impressive C. publishes C. difficult C. put out C. By contrast C. describe C. identify C. actively C. Special C. effect C. harder

D. absorbs D. convenient D. give out D. Besides D. decrease D. strengthen D. directly D. Various D. damage D. more convenient

61. A. refer to B. apply for 62. A. Furthermore B. However 63. A. leaks B. transmits 64. A. in the middle B. at the end 65. A. restore B. record 51-65 D C A B C DBADC ABDCB

C. come across C. Consequently C. checks C. in the beginning C. replace

D. break down D. Otherwise D. stores D. ahead of time D. respond

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Gallup used to conduct a poll(投票) that asked students to name the school subject that they considered to be the most difficult. Not ___51___, mathematics came out on top of the difficulty chart. So what is it about math that makes it difficult? Dictionary.com defines the word ―difficult‖ as ―not easily or readily done; requiring much ___52___ or planning to be performed successfully.‖ This definition gets to the point of the problem when it comes to math. What makes math difficult is that it takes patience and persistence. For many students, math is not something that comes ___53___. It takes effort. It is a subject that sometimes requires students to devote lots and lots of time and ___54___. This means, for many, the problem has little to do with brain power; it is mostly a matter of staying power. And since students don‘t make their own timelines, they can ___55___ the time as the teacher moves on to the next topic. In fact, there is also an element of brain style in the big picture, according to many scientists. They believe that people are born with ___56___ math understanding skills. Logical, left-brain thinkers tend to understand things in sequential bits, while artistic, intuitive, right-brainers are more ___57___. They take in a lot of information at one time and allow time to let it ―sink in‖. So left-brain students may grasp concepts ___58___ while right-brain students don‘t. To the right brain student, time loss can make them feel confused and behind. Unfortunately in busy classrooms with too many students, students are not always ___59___ enough time. We have to move on, ready or not. Math know-how is also cumulative(积累), which means it works much like a pile of building blocks. You have to gain enough ___60___ in one area before you can effectively go on to ―build upon‖ another area. Our first mathematical building blocks are established in primary school, when we learn ___61___ for addition and multiplication, and those first concepts become our ___62___. These mathematical concepts or knowledge has to sink in and become ___63___ before students can move on to challenge the next stage of new concepts. However, teachers don‘t have time to ensure that every single student understands every single concept. So some students move to the next level with really shaky knowledge system. ___64___, as they climb the ladder, they may meet with more and more difficulties and might ___65___ complete failure at some point. 51. A. surprisingly B. interestingly C. necessarily

D. similarly

52. A. emotion . labor 53. A. regularly B. possibly 54. A. space B. confidence 55. A. make up for B. run out of 56. A. steady B. abstract 57. A. negative B. global 58. A. quickly B. typically 59. A. reminded about B. exposed to 60. A. praises B. scores 61. A. conditions B. rules 62. A. thought B. attitude 63. A. native B. accessible 64. A. In addition B. In contrast 65. A. realize B. acknowledge 51-65 ABCDB CBACD BCCDC

C. curiosity C. automatically C. character C. take advantage of C. different C. simple C. patiently C. blessed with C. material C. aims C. foundation C. firm C. For example C. suffer

D. money D. secretly D. energy D. add up to D. sharp D. specific D. strangely D. accused of D. blocks D. choices D. source D. superior D. In result D. regret

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The continuous presentation of frightening stories about global warming in the popular media makes us unnecessarily frightened. Even worse, it ___51___ our kids. Al Gore famously ___52___ how a sea-level rise of 20 feet would almost completely flood Florida, New York, Holland, and Shanghai, even though the United Nations says that such a thing will not even happen, ___53___ that sea levels will rise 20 times less than that. When ___54___ with these exaggerations(夸大), some of us say that they are for a good cause, and surely there is no harm done if the result is that we focus even more on handling climate change. This ___55___ is astonishingly wrong. Such exaggerations do plenty of harm. Worrying excessively about global warming means that we worry less about other things, where we could do so much more good. We focus, ___56___, on global warming's impact on malaria (疟疾)-which will put slightly more people at ___57___in 100 years - instead of dealing with the half a billion people ___58___ from malaria today with prevention and treatment policies that are much cheaper and dramatically more effective than carbon reduction would be. Exaggeration also wears out the public's ___59___ to cope with global warming. If the planet is certain to be destroyed owing to global warming, people wonder, why do anything? A record 54% of American voters now believe the news media make global warming appear worse than it really is. A ___60___ of people now believe – incorrectly – that global warming is not even caused by humans. But the ___61___ cost of exaggeration, I believe, is the unnecessary alarm that it causes – particularly among children. An article in The Washington Post cited nine-year-old Alyssa, who cries about the possibility of mass animal ___62___ from global warming.

The newspaper also reported that parents are ___63___ effective outlets for their eight-year-olds' concern with dying polar bears. They might be better off educating them and letting them know that, ___64___ to common belief, the global polar bear population has doubled over the past half- century, to about 22,000. ___65___ the possible disappearing of summer Arctic ice, polar bears will not become extinct. 51. A. exhausts B. depresses 52. A. dismissed B. demonstrated 53. A. measuring B. justifying 54. A. faced B. identified 55. A. announcement B. argument 56. A. for example B. in addition 57. A. peace B. leisure 58. A. suffering B. evolving 59. A. ability B. endurance 60. A. mixture B. majority 61. A. smallest B. worst 62. A. separation B. reservation 63. A. turning out B. taking over 64. A. sensitive B. contrary 65. A. Despite B. Besides 51-65 CDCAB ADACB BDCBA C. terrifies C. deposited C. estimating C. equipped C. interaction C. by contrast C. ease C. developing C. willingness C. quantity C. fewest C. isolation C. searching for C. related C. Without D. exploits D. described D. advocating D. entitled D. dialogue D. in short D. risk D. prohibiting D. preference D. crowd D. least D. extinction D. pulling through D. accustomed D. Except

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Brief History of the World’s Fair World‘s Fairs originated in the French tradition of national exhibitions, a tradition that ended with the French Industrial Exposition of 1844 held in Pairs. It was soon followed by other national ___51___, in continental Europe, and finally came to London ___52___ the first real international exhibition was held. Since their start in 1851, the ___53___ of world expositions has developed gradually. Three eras can be distinguished: the era of industrialization, the era of cultural exchange, and the era of nation branding. Industrialization (1851-1938) The first era could be called the era of industrialization and covered the period from 1851to 1938. In these days, world expositions were ___54___ focused on trade and famous for the display of technological inventions and advancements. World expositions were the ___55___, where the state of the art in science and technology from around the world was brought together. Inventions such as the telephone were first presented during this era. An important part of the ___56___ of World‘s Fairs stems from this first era. ___57___exchange (1939-1991)

The 1939 New York World‘s Fair and the 1949 Stockholm World‘s Fair were different from the original focus of the expositions. From then on, World‘s Fairs became more strongly based on a ___58___ theme of cultural significance, and began to address issues of humankind. Technology and inventions remained ___59___, but no longer as the principal subjects of the Fair. Cross-cultural dialogue and the exchange of solutions became ___60___ elements of the expos. It was also during this time, specifically in the 1960s, that BIE organizers started calling World‘s Fair ―Expos‖. Nation branding (1992-present) From Expo‘88 in Brisbane onwards, countries started to use World Expositions more widely and more strongly as a platform to improve their national images through their pavilions. Finland, Japan, Canada, France and Spain are cases in point. A large study by Tjaco Walvis called ―Expo 2000 Hanover in Numbers‖ showed that improving national images was the primary participation goal for 73% of the countries at Expo 2000. In a world where a strong national image is a key asset(财产), pavilions became advertising ___61___, and the Expo a channel for nation branding. ___62___, cultural and symbolic reasons, organizing countries (and the cities and regions hosting them) also use the world exposition to brand themselves. Future expositions 2017will see a recognized exposition Bidding may begin as early as 2012 for this smaller-sized exposition. Already, Edmonton, Alberta and Canada have ___63___ to go on with the second stage of putting together a bid for Edmonton EXPO 2017. 2020 will ___64___ a registered category of exposition. Bidding may begin as early as 2011 for this larger sized exposition. There are citizen ___65___ in American cities with the intention of bringing a World‘s Fair back to the United States. 51. A. organizations B. shows 52. A. which B. when 53. A. character B. name 54. A. honestly B. strangely 55. A. place B. platform 56. A. representation B. image 57. A. Industrial B. Historical 58. A. special B. specific 59. A. important B. equal 60. A. honorable B. communicative 61. A. purposes B. images 62. A. As long as B. As well as 63. A. moved B. begun 64. A. see B. bid 65. A. complaints B. efforts 51-65 CDACB BCBAD CBDAB C. exhibitions C. how C. aim C. especially C. area C. illustration C. Cultural C. strategic C. alternative C. considerable C. campaigns C. As far as C. put C. mark C. energies D. customs D. where D. goal D. hardly D. hall D. outlook D. Original D. simple D. unchangeable D. defining D. designs D. As soon as D. voted D. establish D. achievements

III. Reading Comprehension Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Many people think that listening is a passive business. It is just the ___51___ one. Listening well is an active exercise of our attention and hard work. It is because they do not realize this, or because they are not ___52___ to do the work, that most people do not listen well. Listening well also requires total ___53___ upon someone else. An essential part of listening well is the rule known as ?bracketing‘. Bracketing includes the temporary giving up or ___54___ of your own prejudices and desires, to experience as far as possible someone else‘s world from the inside, stepping into his or her shoes. ___55___, since listening well involves bracketing, it also involves a temporary ___56___ of the other person. Sensing this acceptance, the speaker will seem quite willing to ___57___ up the inner part of his or her mind to the listener. True communication is under way and the energy required for listening well is so great that it can be ___58___ only by the will to extend oneself for mutual growth. Most of the time we ___59___ this energy. Even though we may feel in our business dealings or social relationships that we are listening well, what we are usually doing is listening ___60___. Often we have a prepared list in mind and wonder, as we listen, how we can achieve certain ___61___ results to get the conversation over as quickly as possible or redirected in ways more satisfactory to us. Many of us are far more interested in talking than in listening, or we simply ___62___ to listen to what we don‘t want to hear. It wasn‘t until toward the end of my doctor career that I have found the knowledge that one is being truly listened to is frequently therapeutic(有疗效的) In about a quarter of the patients I saw, ___63___ improvement was shown during the first few months of psychotherapy, before any of the ___64___ of problems had been uncovered or explained. There are several reasons for this phenomenon, but chief among them, I believe, was the patient‘s ___65___ that he or she was being truly listened to, often for the first time in years, and for some, perhaps for the first time ever. 51. A. positive B. opposite 52. A. reluctant B. generous 53. A. dependence B. influence 54. A. setting aside B. getting over 55. A. Therefore B. Moreover 56. A. abandonment B. acceptance 57. A. turn B. take 58. A. performed B. accomplished 59. A. require B. produce 60. A. hopefully B. selectively 61. A. desired B. unexpected 62. A. hesitate B. decide 63. A. imposing B. surprising 64. A. roots B. reasons 65. A. purpose B. sense 51-65 BCDAB BDBCB ACBAB C. same C. willing C. decision C. noting down C. However C. forgetfulness C. make C. accompanied C. lack C. thoroughly C. required C. refuse C. fortunate C. varieties C. conclusion D. wrong D. considerate D. concentration D. sticking to D. For instance D. absorption D. open D. experienced D. motivate D. accurately D. approved D. agree D. instinct D. features D. responsibility


III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. You may have been told before not to be afraid of anything. Fear is often associated with weakness. Fear is something to be ___51___. But that‘s not true, according to Time For Kids magazine. Fear can be good for us. Fear tells us about ___52___. Without fear, we wouldn‘t know to run away from a tiger or step back from a cliff. In a study published in the Justice Quarterly journal in August, researchers from Michigan State University said that a healthy fear or crime keeps teenagers away from ___53___ dangerous people, places, and activities. Fear makes us jump, scream and sweat. But ___54___, sometimes we make ourselves feel fear ___55___. Think about scary books and movies, and also the long lines for a scary roller coaster ride. Margee Kerr, a US sociologist, explained why to Time For Kids. Fear ___56___ our brain with ___57___ chemical substances, especially endorphins and dopamine (内啡肽和多巴胺), and these things create feelings of happiness and ___58___ us, according to Kerr. ___59___, when you‘re scared, your body produces a chemical which helps people ___60___ with each other. ―Watch people walking out of a haunted house (鬼屋), and you‘ll see lots of smiles and high fives,‖ Kerr told Time For Kids. That also explains why schools and companies organize ___61___ trips and physical activities to ___62___ team spirit. People ___63___ and deal with fear in different ways. If you happen to be a ―coward‖ (胆小的) who gets scared easily, don‘t worry. There is some evidence that being scared can help a person manage stressful situations. Kerr said that things like giving a presentation in front of your class or performing in a school play help build a sort of ___64___ to fear that makes us more confident. ―You become more comfortable with the physical experience of fear, and so you are better able to work through it during ___65___ situations,‖ said Kerr. So learn to love your fear. It only grows when we forget how helpful our fear is trying to be. 51. A. intended 52. A. disadvantage 53. A. potentially 54. A. undoubtedly 55. A. in advance 56. A. connects 57. A. healthy 58. A. worry 59. A. On the contrary 60. A. argue 61. A. relaxing B. avoided B. courage B. beneficially B. personally B. in public B. combines B. harmful B. excite B. In other words B. unite B. inviting C. suspected C. danger C. unfortunately C. interestingly C. at random C. spoils C. poisonous C. depress C. For example C. fight C. challenging

D. investigated D. adventure D. unconsciously D. positively D. on purpose D. fills D. sensitive D. disappoint D. In addition D. compete D. imposing

62. A. build up 63. A. adapt 64. A. endurance 65. A. regular 51-65 BCACD

B. put down B. manage B. devotion B. embarrassing DABDB CADAD

C. take over C. skip C. objection C. ridiculous

D. make out D. experience D. tendency D. tense

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Seven-year-old Jordan Lisle, in Mill Valley, California, joined his family at a packed after-hours school event last month aimed at inspiring a new interest: computer programming. The event was part of a national educational ___51___ in computer coding instruction that is growing at Internet speeds. Since December, 20,000 teachers from kindergarten through 12th grade have ___52___ coding lessons, according to Code.org, a group backed by the tech industry that offers free curriculums. ___53___, some 30 school districts have agreed to add coding classes in the fall. And policy makers in nine states have begun awarding the same___54___ for computer science classes that they do for basic math and science courses, rather than treating them as optional courses. It is a remarkable change for computer science. Smart phones and apps are commonplace now, and engineering careers are ___55___. To many parents, coding looks more like a basic life skill, one that might someday ___56___ a great job or even instant riches. The spread of coding instruction, ___57___just new, is ―never known— there‘s never been a move this fast in education,‖ said Elliot Soloway, a professor of education and computer science at the University of Michigan. He sees it as very positive, ___58___inspiring students to develop a new passion, perhaps the way that teaching frog dissection (解剖) may inspire future surgeons and biologists. But the exposure to early coding comes with ___59___, too. It is not clear that teaching basic computer science in grade school will beget future jobs or encourage ___60___ creativity and logical thinking. And particularly for younger children, Dr. Soloway said, the activity is more like a video game, but not likely to impart actual programming skills. A coding curriculum, ___61___ by Code. Org., combines basic instruction with videogames involving Angry Birds and hungry zombies. The lessons do not ___62___ traditional computer language. Rather, they use simple word commands — like ―move forward‖ or ―turn right‖ — that children can click on and move around, to ___63___ an Angry Bird to capture a pig. The movement comes with no shortage of ―we‘re changing the world‖ marketing passion from Silicon Valley. ―This is strategically ___64___for the economy of the United States,‖ said John Pearce, a technology businessman who has started a nonprofit, MV Gate, with Jeff Leane, to bring youth and family coding courses developed by Code.org to Mill Valley. Parents love the idea of giving children something to do with computers that they see as___65___, Mr. Pearce said. ―I can‘t take my kid playing one more hour of video games, but if the children are exploring coding, I tell him I can live with that all night long.‖

51. A. temptation 52. A. introduced 53. A. In addition 54. A. rewards 55. A. costly 56. A. result from 57. A. before 58. A. virtually 59. A. warnings 60. A. superior 61. A. collected 62. A. declare 63. A. forbid 64. A. sensible 65. A. efficient 51-65 BAACD

B. movement B. appealed B. However B. prizes B. critical B. work out B. while B. extensively B. responsibility B. inferior B. developed B. cover B. resist B. reliable B. measurable DBCAD BBDCC

C. motion C. recognized C. Therefore C. credits C. insecure C. pick up C. when C. potentially C. admission C. fiercer C. mentioned C. call C. urge C. significant C. productive

D. proposition D. calculated D. Thus D. funds D. hot D. lead to D. after D. annoyingly D. compliments D. broader D. sacrificed D. deepen D. direct D. common D. stable

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Residents of urban areas often make use of public transportation on their way to school or the office. But when their final ___51___ isn‘t near a bus stop or subway station, those folks have a problem. Transportation experts often ___52___ to this as the ―last mile‖ problem — finding a way to close the gap between public transportation stops and one‘s destination. With the last mile problem in mind, the makers of the URB-E ___53___ a compact electric vehicle that weighs around 13 kilograms. Unlike bikes, which often don‘t fit on crowded buses or trains, the URB-E collapses into a form ___54___ to carry-on luggage. And since the URB-E can be carried ___55___ anywhere, it‘s not as vulnerable(易受攻击的) to thieves as bikes are. Depending on usage, the URB-E can travel for 32 kilometers on a single ___56___, reaching a top speed of 24 kilometers per hour. Although there are other vehicles attempting to ___57___ the last mile issue, the URB-E ___58___ for its ease of use, portability and affordable price. For the price of a nice laptop, you could have an URB-E to drive to the office. The URB-E is made from aircraft-grade aluminum and comes in two basic models: the URB-E Commuter and the URB-E GP. The main ___59___ between the two is that the Commuter model has two rear wheels while the GP has only one. That means the Commuter offers greater stability, as ___60___ to the GP‘s ability to make sharper turns like a bicycle. Both models come with accessories( 配 件 ) ___61___ LED front and rear lights and a
[来源:学#科#网 Z#X#X#K]


shock-absorbing seat. They also ___62___ a smartphone holder and USB charging port right on the steering column. In fact, smartphones play a big role in the URB-E app to do things like monitor battery charge or control the lights. ___63___ accessories include a cup holder and a folding luggage shelf. At this year ‘s international Consumer Electronic Show (CES) in Las Vegas, tech website The Verge awarded the URB-E with its ―Best Personal Transportation‖ award. Singing the URB-E‘s ___64___, Verge editor Ben Popper said, ―The URB-E felt like the kind of vehicle an enlightened citizen of 2030 would own.‖ So why wait that long, when the URB-E is ___65___ for order now? 51. A. purpose B. destination 52. A. refer B. accustom 53. A. discovered B. introduced 54. A. convenient B. efficient 55. A. constantly B. eventually 56. A. charge B. tourism 57. A. cover B. develop 58. A. breaks away B. stands out 59. A. difference B. characteristic 60. A. familiar B. strange 61. A.as a result of B. such as 62. A. install B. explore 63. A. Optional B. Critical 64. A. influences B. contributions 65. A. accessible B. flexible 51-65 BACDD ACBAD BCACD C. transportation C. attach C. designed C. objective C. mainly C. competition C. address C. invests in C. shortcoming C. important C. in all C. feature C. Essential C. praises C. fascinating D. vehicle D. stick D. manufactured D. similar D. practically D. distance D. conquer D. perseveres in D. advantage D. opposed D. in addition to D. equip D. Unique D. achievements D. available


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