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2012年2012年山西省中考英语试卷及答案


山西省 2012 年初中毕业升学考试 英 语

第Ⅰ卷 (共 75 分)
1.听力试题(每小题 1 分。共 15 分) 第一题情景反应这一大题共有 5 个小题,每小题你将听到一组对话。请你从每小题所给 的 A、B、C 三幅图片中。选出与你所听到的信息相关联的一项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

第二题对话理解这一大题共有 5 个小题,

每小题你将听到一组对话和一个问题。 请你从 每小题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中.选出一个最佳选项.并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ( C ) 6. A. A doctor. B. An engineer. C. A policewoman. ( A ) 7. A. Classmates. B. Neighbors. C. Relatives. (.B ) 8. A. On foot. B. By car. C. By bike. ( C ) 9. A. A brave mother. B. Some students. C. An excellent teacher. ( B ) 10. A. He likes the music player. B. The music player is too expensive. C. The music player is at a good'price. . 第三题 语篇理解 这一大题你将昕到一篇短文。 请你根据短文内容和所提出的 5 个问 题。从每小题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中。选出一个最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ( B ) 11. In the story, which grade was Frank in? A. In Grade Six. B. In Grade Seven. C. In Grade Eight. ( A ) 12. Why did the teacher change Frank's part in the school play? A. Because he was too nervous. B. Because he loved to read aloud. C. Because his mother didn't help him. ( C ) 13. How did he feel when the teacher asked him to be the narrator(解说员)? A. Excited. B. Surprised. C. Unhappy.

( A ) 14. What did his mother take him to the garden for? A. Making him confident. B. Digging all the flowers out. C. Practicing for the school play. ( C )15. What happened at the end of the story? A. Frank planted many roses. B. Frank refused his new part. C. Frank did very well in the plav. Ⅱ.单项选择(每小题 1 分。共 l5 分) 请你从每小题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中。选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 (C ) 16. We live in Shanxi Province. She's our beautiful home. We all love A. him B. them C. her (A ) 17. Recently people care more about the safety of . Everyone wants to eat healthily. A. foods B. clothes C. buildings (C ) 18. It's to travel from Taiyuan to Taiwan now because the planes can get there directly. You can visit the island if you like. A. difficult B. slow C..easy ( B ) 19. In order to balance the study and entertainments, every student is supposed to plan the time A. simply B. carefully C. pleasantly (C ) 20. Miss Taylor never wastes money on anything too expensive, even though she can .to. She has donated much of the money she saved to charities. A. allow B. remind C. afford ( B ) 21. Last night, I computer games when my mother came into my bedroom. You can't imagine how embarrassed I was then! A. played B. was playing C. have played ( C ) 22. Nobody believes a 92-year-old could run a marathon she passed the finishing line. People of all ages can challenge themselves. A. if B. since C. until ( C ) 23. The Zhang family are looking forward to owning a house. Last week they went to see several houses, but of them was suitable. A. either B. neither C. none ( B ) 24. O~tr school had to the soccer games because of the bad weather, which made students frustrated. A. put on B. put off C. put up ( C ) 25. Dear, you need to by next week, to go to university at home or to go abroad.。You are going on eighteen. OK, Mum. I am considering it. A. make an appointment B. make a suggestion C. make a decision ( A ) 26. --Every time the exam is over, I will the results. --Take it easy! Grades are not our whole life. A. be worried about B. be pleased with C. be good at ( B ) 27. , volunteering is both a chance to help others and a good way to develop ourselves.So you'd better make time to volunteer. A. To my surprise B. To be honest C. To start with

( B ) 28. --I've got a ticket to the opening ceremony of the twenty-ninth Olympics. I'm leaving for London in a few days. --What a lucky guy! A. It's kind of you B. Enjoy yourself C. That's all right ( A ) 29. ---We made a good job of our English group work. --!Your topic on Advertisement English is fascinating. A. Congratulations B. The same to you C. Sorry to hear that ( B ) 30. --As for Mr Brown, do you know ? --Sure. Canada. But he has been teaching French for two years in Shanghai. A. where he is working B. where he comes from C. where is his motherland Ⅲ.完形填空(每小题 1 分,共 l5 分) 阅读下面短文。掌握其大意。然后从每小题所给的 A、B、c 三个选项中。选出一个最 佳选项.并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. When I was in primary school, I had a big arguement with a boy in my class. l can't 31 what it was about, but I have never forgotten the 32 I learned that day. I was sure that I was right and he was wrong. 33 , he strongly believed that I was wrong and he was right. The teacher decided to teach us a lesson. She 34 a good idea. She brought both of us to the front of the class and placed him on one side of her grey desk and me on 35 In the middle of the desk was a large, round object. It was 36 for me to see that it was black. She asked the boy what color the object was. " 37," he answered in a loud voice. I couldn't 38 that the object was whites considering that it was certainly black! One more arguement started between the boy and me, this time 39 the color of the object. The teacher told me to go stand where the key was standing and told him to come stand where I had been. We changed 40 , and then she asked me what the color of the object was. I 41 answer, "White. " It was then that I knew what was wrong. It was an object with two 42 colored sides, and from .his side it was white. 43 from my side was it black. My teacher taught 'me a very important 1.esson that day: You must " 44 in other person's position (位置) and look at the 45 through their eyes in order to truly understand their ideas. ( B ) 31. A. understand B. remember C. explain ( C ) 32. A. class B. subject C. lesson ( C ) 33. A. Therefore B. Also C. However ( A ) 34. A. came up with B. went on with C. got along with ( C ) 35. A. another B. other C. the other ( B) 36. A. hard B. clear C. lucky ( B ) 37. A. Black B. White C. Grey ( C ) 38. A. realize B. describe C. believe ( C ) 39. A. like B. against C. about ( A ) 40. A. places B. objects C. opinions ( C ) 41. A. could B. should C. had to ( B ) 42. A. similarly B. differently C. brightly ( C ) 43. A, But B. Still C..Only ( B ) 44. A. appear B. stand C, hide ( A ) 45. A. situation B. discussion C. solution

Ⅳ.阅读理解(一)(每小题 2 分.共 30 分) 阅读下列短文。从每小题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中。选出一个最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 (A) Microblogging(微博) is sweeping across the world. You Can express your ideas on any topic on it. Of course, you might also make comments(评论) on others' microblogs. The following is Tonv's microblog at Enviroboard and its comments. Subject: Eco-Friendly Transportation Saturday 9th June 8:05 am " Hi everyone! My name's Tony. I'm doing a project about greener ways to travel. I want to know if anyone has any good ideas. Thanks for your help! Comments [4]

I think people should do more things online from home. Why pollute the air by driving your car to the supermarket, when you can order your weekly shopping on the Internet~ You can also book holidays as well. Posted by Billy on June 1 lth 7:36 am

I try to use public transportation whenever I can. I take the bus to college and walk home. When my mum wants to give me a lift, I always refuse, as I can get there quickly by bus. Also the buses in my town are electric so they are environmentally friendly! Posted by Carol on. June 12th 10:35 am

Why not use two wheels? Any motorcycle will use less fuel (燃料)an a car. You don't get caught in traffic jams either[ But in my opinion, the best thing is a bicycle. They don't produce any pollution and help you to keep fit at the same time. Posted by Daz on .lune 12th 16:00 nm

I can't get to my university by bus or train. So I found three other girls who live nearby to have a car share with. And now we take it in turns to drive every day. I have cut down the costs -- and most importantly,- I am helping the environment! Posted by Angela on June 15th 9:36pm ( A ) 46. Billy thinks that we can make less air pollution by . A. doing things online at home B. driving cars to shopping centres C. taking buses to the supermarkets ( C ) 47. Buses in Carol's town are environmentally friendly because . A. they use fuel B. they are cheap C. they are electric

( C ) 48. Daz thinks riding bicycles A. will help us save more fuel B. will get caught in traffic jams, too C. can be very clean and help keep fit ( B ) 49. Angela goes to school by car sharing because A. she doesn't like buses B. she wants to help the environment C. she wants to go to school quickly ( 'C ) 50. Tony wrote the message on his microblog to A. get some good ideas on making net pals B. get some tips on travelling to the places with green trees C. ask for some advice on cutting down pollution while travelling (B) Have you ever been sad because you failed in something? If so, please remember, for often, achieving what you expect is not the most important thing. Here is a story to tell you why. One day a little boy decided to dig a hole behind his house after watching a science program. As he was working, a couple of boys stopped by to watch. "What are you doing?" asked one of the visitors. "I want to dig a deep hole all the way through th~ earth!" the boy answered excitedly. The older boys began to laugh, telling him that it was impossible to do it. Then they left. The little boy kept on digging and digging. Suddenly, a few small colorful stones caught his eyes. He collected them and put them into a glass jar patiently. Humming a song, he went on digging. The jar was full soon. Then he talked to himself calmly and proudly, "Maybe I can't finish digging all the way through the earth, but look at what I have found in the process (,j~[~) of digging !" The boy's goal was too difficult, but it did cause him to go on, in other words, to cause us to keep working! Not every goal will be achieved. Not every job will end up with a success. Not every dream will come true. But when you can't achieve your goal, maybe you can say, "Yes, but look what I've found along the way! There are so many wonderful things that have come into my life because I tried to do something!" It is in the digging that life is lived. . is the unexpected joy on the journey that really has a meaning. ( B ) 51. What did the boy do after watching a program? A. He bought a glass jar. B. He started to dig a hole. C. He played with some visitors. ( A ) 52. What did the older boys think of the little boy? A. He was silly. B. He was strict. C. He was strong-minded. ( C ) 53. When did the boy find the stones? A. Before he met the older boys. B. When he wanted to give up digging. C. After the older boys laughed at him. ( C ) 54. What does the underlined sentence "It is in the digging that life is lived. " mean according to the article? A. Life is to make a big success. B. Life is to find the colorful stones. C. Life is on the way to achieve the goal. ( A ) 55. Which is the best title for this article? A. Enjoying the Process B. How to Achieve Goals

C. A Journey through the Earth (c) Do animals have a culture? What do we mean by "culture"? Recently social scientists have begun to ask if culture is found just in humans, or if some animals have a culture too. When we speak of culture, we mean a way of life that a group of people have in common. Culture is the forms of behavior (行为)hat help people to live together. It is also the forms of behavior that make one group of people different from another group. Human beings use tools, cooperate with one another, and communicate with language. But these aspects(方面) of human behavior, or "culture", can also be found in the lives of certain animals, Animals can make tools, for example. We used to think that the ability to use tools was the dividing line between human beings and other animals. Lately, however, we have found that this is not the case. Chimpanzees(黑猩猩) can not only use tools but actually make tools themselves. Animals can also share knowledge with each other and use their own language to communicate. So it may be important for us to know that the line dividing us from animals is not as clear as we used to think. ( C ) 56. According to the article, "culture" means A. the languages we learn B. the good habits we' share with each other C. the forms of behavior we have in common ( A ) 57. From the fact that chimpanzees can use and make tools,we know A. animals may have a culture like our own B. animals can be as clever as human beings C. animals have the ability to help human being~ ( B ) 58. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article? A. Chimpanzees never help each other. B' Animals use their own language to communicate. C. People from different places have the. same culture. ( A ) 59. The traditional idea about dividing animals from human beings is that A. human beings can use tools B. human beings can depend on each other C. human beings have the language to communicate ( C ) 60. The main idea of the article is that A. the animal culture is different from the human culture B. knowledge and communication are no longer signs of only human behavior C. the line dividing human culture from animal culture is not as clear as we might think 第Ⅱ卷 (共 45 分) V.听力填空(每小题 1 分。共 5 分) 这一大题你将听到一封信。请你根据所听内容,完成下面的表格,并将获取的信息填到 相应的位置上。每空一词(精校) 。 Name:John Sex:Male Nationality:American

Who he came to China with: With his 61.parents working in a bank. What he is like: He is healthy,hard—workin9,62.helpful and friendly. · helps kids pronounce English words 63.properly. He · helps the old cross the streets. He · gives his seats to the women with babies. He

What he often does:

· sometimes picks up 64. He

rubbish in the park.

· Can 65.offer more help to others. He Why he wants to join the club: · wants to make more friends. He Ⅵ.补全对话(每小题 1 分,共 5 分) 根据对话内容,从方框内所给的选项中选出最佳选项,将其答案的序号写在方框下面 的横线上,选项中有两项为多余项。 ( Da Wei comes across Li Lei, who is studying, in the school library. ) A: Hi, Li Lei. Are you busy with your homework now? B : Oh, yeah, Da Wei. And you? A: I'm here for a book. Hey, Li Lei. Have a break! We should be outside in the fresh air. It's good for us. B: Sorry, I can't. 66 I must hand it. in tomorrow. A: Oh, I see. But we can't always stay indoors. We must often take exercise. 67 B: Never. I hardly have time now. A sea of homework almost takes up all my free time. It's sad but that's life. 68 A: You mean my life? In fact, I'm also very busy like you. But you know I like sports. 69 When ever I have a little time, I will try them. B: No wonder you are so energetic. A :Yeah, better health, better grades. 70 B :Yes, you are right. It sounds as if should also try to exercise often in the future. Da Wei, shall we play basketball for a while now? A : OK. Let's go ! A. How about your life? B. I like jumping, running, playing basketball and so on. C. Why not walk in the fresh air? D. How often do you exercise? E.. Do you agree with me? F. I have to finish my homework first. G. Sounds like great fun! 66. F 67. D 68. A 69. B 70. E Ⅶ.阅读理解(二)(每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 阅谴下面短文.筒要回答所给问题。 Welcome to Youth Radio, your radio. Here we're proud to introduce three Amazing Kids. Gina, who is thirteen years old, got first prize in the "Young Cook of the Year" competition and she wants to write a recipe book for kids. "I want it to be fun to read and easy enough for children to use," she says. Gina learned by watching her father, who's also good at cooking, in the kitchen. She wants to encourage other children to cook because "everyone needs to eat so it's a skill that will always be useful!" Seventeen-year-old Brian used to love running until he was hurt in a serious accident three years ago. He lost part of one leg and didn't even expect to walk again. Now he's an athlete who has recently taken part in a long race. "After my accident I wanted to give up," he says. "But

now I'm happy to be alive and able to continue running." Helen has always been good at science, but she thought it was too difficult to become an inventor. Then she heard about an accident that had happened when a car hit a train in her town. "That gave me an idea," says the clever sixteen-year-old. It took her over a year to invent a small special machine that tells car .drivers when a train is coming. One company is already interested in selling it, so it may be in he shops soon! Do you know a child like them? Please e-mail us at amaxingkids@ mail. com and tell us why he or she should be on our radio. Thank you. 71. What was Gina the winner of? The "Young Cook of the Year" competition. / "Young Cook of the Year". / She was the winter of the "Young Cook of the Year" competition. 72. Does Gina want to write a children's recipe book? Why? Yes, she does./Yes. Beacause she wants to encourage other children to cook. / Yes. Because {she thinks } everyone needs to eat and cooking is a skill that will always be useful. / Yes, because she thinks cooking will be a useful skill for children / kids. 73...Why is it surprising that Brian is an athlete? Because she is able to continue running though he lost part of one leg. / Because he didn't give up running although he is disabled. / Because he lost part of one leg ( in a serious accident three years ago). / Because he is a disabled teenager. 74. What is Helen's new invention used for? (For) telling ear drivers when a train is coming. / It's used for telling ear drivers when a train is coming. 75. What do you think the three Amazing Kids are like? (I think )they are creative, brave and talented/bard-working/clever/… Ⅷ.词语运用(每小题 1 分。共 10 分) 根据语篇内容。用方框中所给词的正确形式填空.使短文通顺、连贯。方框中有两个词 为多余顼, 、 "Mommy, what are you doing?" asked Susie. "I 76 a dinner for Mrs Smith next door. " "Why?" asked Susie, who was .only six years old. "Because M.rs Smith is very sad; ,her daughter 77 in an earthquake and she has a broken heart.We need to look afterher. " "Why, Mommy?" "You see, Susie, when someone is sad, they have trouble 78 the little things like cooking dinner or other chores. Because Mrs Smith is our neighbor, we .need to do some thin~ to help her. Mm Smith won't ever be able to talk with her daughter or do all those wonderful things 79 mommies and daughters do together. You area very smart girl, maybe you'll think of some way 80 care of Mrs Smith. " Susie thought seriously about 81 she could care for Mrs Smith. A few minutes later, .Susie knocked on her door. Mrs Smith answered the knock with a "Hi, Susie. " From her sad look, Susie noticed that Mrs Smith must 82 for a long time. "What can I do for you, Susie?" asked Mrs Smith. "My mommy says that you lost your daughter and your heart is broken. " Susie held her hand out shyly. In it was a Band-Aid(创可帖). "This is for your broken heart. "Mrs Smith burst

into tears. 83 her tears she said, "Thank you, darling girl, this will help a lot." Mrs Smith accepted Susie’s 84 and she put Susie's Band-Aid in a small picture frame(相框).She feels a little 85 every time she sees it. She wisely knows that healing takes time and support. 76. am making 77. was killed 78. doing 79. that 80. to take 81. how 82. have cried 83. Through 84. kindness 85. better Ⅸ.书面表达(共 15 分) 现在,社会上补习机构火爆,在各种媒体上,我们经常可以看到“名师名校”、“个性化 教学”、“终级押题”、“秒杀中考”等广告词。你相信这样的宣传吗?为此,你所在的学习小组 针对这一社会现象, 围绕“课余时间我们应该更多地去做什么才能够得到全面的发展”展开了 讨论.最终大家形成了以下的观点: 请你根据同学们的上述观点,并结合自己的亲身体验,就此问题陈述自己的看法,内容 必须包含以下要点: 1. Would you like to take after-school classes? Why or why not? (Please give 3 reasons.) 2. What would you like to do in your spare time? 3. Please tell us one of your stories of this kind of experience. 要求:1.词数 80 词左右;2.文中不得出现真实的人名与校名。 One possible version: It seems that many students go to take after-school classes, but it is just a waste of time and money. I used to go to different kinds of these classes, too. But later I realized I couldn't do that any more. I began to spend more time reading, doing sports and taking some social activities. Meanwhile, I didn't fall behind others in study. I prefer to have time to enjoy the nature. It's a wise way to know about the world. So I often put my spare time to good use by watching animals, plants, rocks .around my city. I still remember that day I went to the Forest Park this spring! And I found a few plants appearing in my biology books. It offered me an opportunity to deepen my understanding of my textbooks. Learning by using is a real practice. I have benefited a lot from it. Now I am becoming more creative and confident than those who are always involved in taking after-school classes.


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