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中考英语典型完形填空精讲精练


典型完形填空精讲精练
完形填空是以阅读为形式, 以上下文为基础, 以词法和语法为手段测试考生解决语言信息空 缺的能力。从历年考题看,完形填空所选文章难度不大,加上正确选项后,对大多数考生来 说阅读起来几乎没有困难。 一.精讲对策 1) 、用 1 至 2 分钟的时间快读全文,快读全文是为了把握文章的大意和中心,把握文章 发展的基本线索。快读中,可以不管空格,对要填的内容做

一大概的猜测即可。 2) 、要有整体观,要瞻前顾后,先易后难。做题时,文章首句和尾句要特别注意,前者 往往是文章全貌的窗口, 后者往往是起画龙点睛作用和总结性句子; 先易后难指的是没有把 握的选项就空着,不可主观判断,草草选上一个充数,事实上,文章最前面的空格碰到的问 题很有可能要到文章的末尾才能找到答案。 3) 、核对全文,核对的意义不是第二次重做,而是要检查前后是否贯通,内容是否含糊 矛盾,再从语法角度仔细检查,以便弥补疏漏。 4) 、对于个别难度较大的选项,这种选项往往是同义词语,不容易辨别出它们之间的细 微差别,则要凭自己的第一感觉,这和胡猜是两码事,这里是用语感在做选择。 二.精讲例题 What is the best way to study? This is a very important question. Some Chinese students often 1 very hard 2 long hours. This is a 3 habit ( 习惯), but it is not a better way to study . A good student must 4 enough sleep, enough food and enough rest. Every 5 you 6 to take a walk or play basketball or ping-pong or sing a song. When you 7 to your studies, you’ll find yourself 8 than before and you’ll lean more. Perhaps we can 9 that learning English is like taking Chinese medicine, we mean that like Chinese medicine, the effects(效果) of your study 10 and effects will come just like Chinese medicine. 1. A. play B. study C. sleep D. think 2. A. at B. in C. for D. with 3. A. best B. better C. good D. bad 4. A. have B. do C. want D. make 5. A. month B. week C. hour D. day 6. A. want B. hope C. need D. wish 7. A. begin B. return C. go D. are 8. A. stronger B. weaker C. strong D. week 9. A. say B. guess C. talk D. know 10. A. return B. come C. give D. get slowly but surely. Learn every day

[答案简析] 文章讲述了认真学习的同时,必须要注意劳逸结合。这样才有好的学习效率。 1. B。下文指出这是一个好的学习习惯但不是一个好的学习方法,故选 study。 2. C。介词 for 常与一段时间连用, 在句中作状语。 3. C。与下半句形成转折关系,这里应选 good,说明努力学习是一种好的习惯。 4. A。一个会学习的学生必须有足够的睡眠。have 意为“拥有” ,为正确选项。 5. D。下文 take a walk, play basketball 都是些日常活动,故 day 为正确选项。 6. C。take a walk, play basketball 这些活动很有必要在学习之余进行,故选 need。

7. B。根据文意,休息之后, 应重新返回到学习上, 而不是才开始学习, 故选 return。 8. A 。由句中的 than 可知应选比较级;根据文意,锻炼身体后 , 身体应更加强壮 , 故选 stronger。 9. A。say 强调说的内容;guess 表猜测;talk 指交谈;know 指知道。这里强调说的内容,故 选 say。 10. B。根据最后一句“effects will come just like Chinese medicine”以及文意可知 come 为正 确选项。 Mr. Green was ill and went to the hospital. A doctor __1__ and said, “Well, Mr. Green, you are going to __2__ some injections, and you’ll feel much better. A nurse will come __3__ give you the first one this evening, and then you’ll __4__ get another one tomorrow evening.” __5__ a young nurse came to Mr. Green’s bed and said to him, “I am going to give you your __6__ injection now, Mr. Green. Where do you want it?” The old man was __7__. He looked at the nurse for a __8__, then he said, “__9__ has ever let me choose that before. Are you really going to let me choose now?” “Yes, Mr. Green,” the nurse answered. She was in a hurry. “Where do you want it?” “Well, then,” the old man answered __10__ “I want it in your left arm, please.” 1. A. looked for him B. looked him over C. looked after him D. looked him up 2. A. get B. give C. make D. hold 3. A. so B. but C. or D. and 4. A. must B. can C. had better D. have to 5. A. In the morning B. In the afternoon C. In the end D. In the evening 6. A. first B. one C. two D. second 7. A. confident B. surprised C. full D. hungry 8. A. hour B. minutes C. year D. moment 9. A. Somebody B. Anybody C. Nobody D. people 10. A. with a smile B. in time C. in surprise D. with tears in his eyes [答案简析] 这是一篇笑话,格林先生在医院看病时需要打点滴,当护士让他选择身体的一 个部位时,他却借题发挥,选了护士的左臂。 1. B。look for sb/sth 意为“寻找??” ;look after sb. 意为“照料??” ;look up sb.意为“看 望??” ;而 look over sb.意为“检查某人” ,最贴近文意,为正确选项。 2. A。医生要对格林先生进行注射,格林先生是动作的接受者,故应选 get。 3. D。空白部分前面 I come 和后面的 give 形成承接关系,所以应用 and 连接。 4. D。must 不可以用于将来时,根据文章意思,应选 have to。 5. D。与上文 this evening 相对应,In the evening 应为正确选项。 6. A。one 填入空白部分显得画蛇添足,根据上下文这是第一次注射,应用 first。 7. B。老人对护士的提问应感到 surprised, 因为下文提到从来没人问过他这样的问题。 8. D。对护士的提问, 老人思考了一会儿, 故应选 moment。 9. C。老人感到奇怪, 是因为没有人问过这样的问题, 故应选 nobody。 10. A。老人想捉弄一下这个小护士。按常理, 应是带着微笑取笑她, 故应选 with a smile。

三.精讲练习 (A) Today was a very important day. France played __1__ Senegal (塞内加尔) in the opening match of the World Cup. Soccer fans were very __2__ watching the match on TV. To our great surprise, France was __3__. Today football has become very __4__ in China after a __5__ wait. “China is in the World Cup for the first time, __6__ we should support them!” Said some people. In our school many students enjoy __7__ it. My __8__ and I often go to the football field after class. This afternoon there was a __9__ football match in our school. __10__ team played against No.1 Middle School. __11__ they were all very big and strong, it was a __12__ game between the two teams with the result 0-0 last time. Today our school played much __13__. In the first half of the match __14__ team kicked a goal, but in the second, Li Ming from our school kicked a goal. We won 1-0, at last. I’m so __15__. I can’t get to sleep tonight. 1. A. with B. against C. to D. at 2. A. good at B. pleased to C. interested in D. boring in 3. A. beaten B. knocked C. fought D. hit 4. A. welcome B. popular C. useful D. usual 5. A. 44-day B. 44-week C. 44-month D. 44-year 6. A. or B. but C. so D. yet 7. A. buying B. playing C. drinking D. looking 8. A. students B. teachers C. classmates D parents 9. A. happy B. wonderful C. funny D. famous 10. A. Their B. Her C. Your D. Our 11. A. Because B. And C. As D. Though 12. A. mistake B. luck C. draw D. game 13. A. better B. well C. vest D. worse 14. A. neither B. either C. both D. none 15. A. lucky B. pleased C. unhappy D. worried [答案简析] 本人介绍了世界杯首场比赛的结果,表达了中国队进入世界杯引起的兴奋之情, 讲述了足球在中国的发展情况。 1. B。固定结构 play against sb. 意为“与??进行比赛” 。 2. C。be good at 意为“擅长于??” ;be pleased to 后面应接动词原形;D 项说法和意思都 不对;be interested in 意为“对??感兴趣” ,符合文意,为正确选项。 3. A。beat sb. 意为“击败某人” ,符合文意,为正确选项。 4. B。事实说明,足球在中国越来越流行,故选 popular。 5. D。大家都知道,这次等待的时间应为 44 年,故选 D。 6. C。两句的意思形成因果关系,所以应用 so 来引导结果状语从句。 7. B。play football 意为“踢足球” 。 8. C。按常理,放学后,和我一起踢足球的应是同学,故选 classmates。 9. B。 通读下文, 这是一场紧张但以我方胜利而告终的足球赛, 比赛刺激精彩, 应选 wonderful。 10. D。根据文章,比赛是在我们城队和另一支城队之间进行,故选 our。 11. D。分析句子,前一句是后一句的让步状语从句,故应选 Though。 12. C。根据上半场 0:0 的比分可知上半场以平局告终,故选 draw。 13. A。从文中可知,我对我队的表现非常满意,且 much 常用来修饰比较级,故选择 better。

14. A。neither 表示两者都不,either 表示两者中的任意一个,both 表示两者都,none 表示 三者或三者以上都不。上半场双方没有进球,故选 neither。 15. B。我队获胜,我当然很高兴,故选 pleased。 The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That’s __1__ people often say when __2__ talk about computers. For over a quarter of a century, scientists have been __3__ better and better computers. Now a computer can __4__ a lot of __5__ jobs wonderfully. It is __6__ used in factories, hospitals, post offices and airports. A computer can report, decide and control in almost __7__ field. Many computer scientists are thinking of __8__ the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can __9__ pictures, write music, talk with people, play chess, recognize voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will __10__ really think and feel. Do you think the people will be afraid __11__ they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people? No, people will __12__ better use of the computers in __13__ future. Man is __14__ the master of the computer. The computer works only __15__ the help of man. It cannot take the place of man. 1. A. that B. what C. how D. why 2. A. we B. they C. you D. people 3. A. loving B. taking C. making D. thinking 4. A. have B. get C. do D. offer 5. A. everyday B. every day C. each day D. some day 6. A. widely B. wide C. great D. deeply 7. A. either B. all C. both D. every 8. A. producing B. ordering C. making D. building 9. A. take B. look at C. draw D. put 10.A. one day B. a day C. any day D. the other day 11.A. when B. that C. how D. while 12.A. chose B. get C. take D. make 13.A. a B. an C. the D. / 14.A. often B. never C. always D. sometimes 15.A. with B. under C. by D. for [答案简析] 本文讲述了电脑在人类工作与生活等方面起着越来越大的作用,并告诉人们不 必担心不断发展的电脑会威胁人类的安全,因为它永远处于人类的操纵之中。 1. B。这里需要一个表语从句的引导词,并在从句中作 say 的宾语,代替上文的内容。 what 从意思和语法上都合乎文意,为正确选项。 2. B。替代前文的 people 应用 they。 3. C。科学家们一直在制造越来越好的电脑,故选择 making。 4. C。do a lot of jobs 意思为“干许多事情” 。其余三个动词皆不合文意。 5. A。词组 every day 意思为“每天” ;some day 指将来的“某一天” ;形容词 everyday 意思 为“日常的” ,合乎文意,为正确选项。 6. A。这里应选择一个副词,表示电脑应用的程度。widely 意思是“广泛地” ,为正确选项。 7. D。下文中的 field 是可数名词单数形式,意思为“领域” ,而 either 指两者中的任意一个, 不合文意,故选择 every。 8. C。 make 作使役动词时, 后面应接不定式的复合结构, 且不定式省去 to, 即 make sb. do sth.,

故选择 make。 9. C。draw 意思为“画图” ,合乎文意。 10. A。the other day 指过去的某一天;one day 既可指过去的某一天,也可指将来的某一天。 这里讲的是将来的设想,故选 one day。 11. A。这是一个时间状语从句。while 引导的从句中的动词必须是延续性动词;when 引导的 从句中,动词既可以是延续性动词,也可以是瞬间动词,故 when 为正确选项。 12. D。固定结构 make use of 意思为“利用” 。 13. C。in the future 意思为“将来” ,为正确选项。而 in future 意思为“今后” ,不合文意。 14. C。 根据上下文, 电脑是不可能取代人类的, 而人类应永远是电脑的操纵者, 故选 always。 15. A。固定结构 with the help of 意思为“在??的帮助下” 。


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