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高中英语 句子翻译 练习

2000 上海春考 1. 进入大学以后, 他对计算机很感兴趣。(become interested in) He became very interested in computers after he entered college. 2. 集邮几乎占据了他所有业余时间。(occupy) Collecting stamps occupies almost all his spa

re time. 3. 只要专心学习, 你一定能顺利通过考试。(concentrate) As long as you concentrate on your study, you are sure to pass the exam. 4. 越来越多的人意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。(be aware) More and more people are aware of the importance of observing traffic regulations. 5. 尽管有很多困难, 我们仍将努力执行我们的计划。(in spite of) In spite of many difficulties/hardships, we will still carry out our plan. 6. 诺贝尔奖金授予那些在某一个领域作出巨大贡献的科学家。(be awarded) The Nobel Prizes are awarded to those scientists who have made great contributions in a certain fi eld. 2000 上海高考 1. 这张照片是我想起了我们在夏令营度过的日子。(remind) This picture reminds me of the days that we spent in the summer camp. 2. 假如你想从事这项工作,你必须先接受三个月的训练。(take up) If you want to take up this job, you must first receive three months’ training. 3. 你一旦养成了坏习惯,改掉它是很难的。(once) Once you develop a bad habit, it is difficult to get rid of it. 4. 同其他同学相比,那个女孩有更强的英语听,说能力。 Compared with other students, the girl has better listening and speaking skills. 5. 众所周知,成功来自于勤奋,不努力则一事无成。(without) As is known to all, success comes from hard work/diligence, and nothing can be achieved without efforts/hard work. 2001 上海春考 1.早睡早起有益于健康。 (do good to) Early to bed and early to rise will do good to one’s health. 2.乘车时你有主动给老人让座的习惯吗?(offer) Do you have the habit of offering your seat to old people on bus? 3.就我所知,在那座小城市里购物很方便。 (as far as) As far as I know, it is convenient to do shopping in that small city. 4.他很后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。 (regret) He regretted losing/having lost the chance to win a scholarship. 5.到目前为止,我们学过的英语单词总计大约有三千五百个。 (add up to) Up to now, the English words we’ve learnt add up to about 3500. 6.学生们逐渐认识到友谊胜过金钱,患难朋友才是真朋友。 (realize) Students came to realize that friendship is more important than money, and a friend in need is a fri end indeed. 2001 上海高考

1. 我们的祖国从来没有像今天这样那个强大。(Never) Never before has our country been as powerful as it is today. 2. 我们将作进一步的讨论,然后再作出最终的结论。(before) We will have a further discussion before we draw the final conclusion. 3. 据说在那个湖底发现了一个古城遗址。(discover) It is said that the site of an ancient city was discovered at the bottom of the river. 4. 这个地区的经济发展得很快,可使某些市民的素质还不尽如人意。(quality) The economy of this area develops very fast but some citizens’ qualities are far from satisfactory. 5. 他们应该从这件事中得出教训,玩火者必自焚。(burn) They should learn a lesson from this accident that those who play with fire will surely get burnt. 2002 上海春考 1. 我第一次写英语作文时,犯了很多拼写错误。(make) The first time I wrote an English composition, I made a lot of spelling mistakes. 2. 保护环境是每个公民的职责。(It…) It is every citizen’s duty to protect the environment. 3. 这个事故使我们意识到安全问题不容忽视。(realize) This accident made us realize that safety problems should not be ignored. 4. 不管天有多晚,他从不把今天的事拖到明天。(put off) No matter how late it is, he never puts off what should be done today till tomorrow. 5. 许多外国游客都想去长城一游,他们知道“不到长城非好汉”(visit) Many overseas visitors want to visit the Great Wall. They know that those who don’t visit the Grea t Wall are not true men. 2002 上海高考 1. 但是那位出租车司机别无选择,只能求助于游客。(choice) At that time, the taxi driver had no choice but to turn to the tourist/ traveler (for help). 2.我没想到汤姆会被选作学生会主席。(occur) It never occurred/ didn’t occur to me that Tom would/ should be elected/ made chairman of the Students’ Union. 3.如果方便的话, 请帮助我从邮局取回包裹。(convenient) If (it is) convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office / please go to the post office and fetch me the parcel. 4.应该鼓励学生将课堂所学的知识运用到实践中去。(apply) Students should be encouraged/ We should encourage students to apply what they have learnt in class to practice. 5.如果队员之间不加强配合,我校的篮球队就不可能在决赛中战胜对手。(unless) Our school basketball team will not beat the opponents in the final match/ final (s) unless the team members strengthen their cooperation/ cooperate well with each other. 2003 上海春考 1. 我觉得很难解出这道数学题。(work out) I find it difficult to work out this math problem. 2. 你可以在英特网上找到这种信息。(available)

All these kinds of information are available on the internet. 3. 阅读时,你不必碰到生词就查字典。(There be …) There is no need to refer to the dictionary each time you come across a new word while reading. 4. 听到 2008 年在北京举办奥运会的消息时,人们欣喜若狂。(news that) People became wild with joy at the news that the 2008 Olympic Games would be held in Beijing. 5. 不要担心你上大学的费用,我们会鼎立相助。(expense) Don’t worry about your expense to go to college, we will try our best to help you. 2003 上海高考 1. 请尽早做出决定,不然你会坐失良机。(or) Please make a decision as soon as possible, or you will miss the golden chance. 2. 那些未曾去过那个小村庄的人很难描绘出它的美丽。(It…) It is difficult for those who have never been the small village to describe its beauty. 3. 勤洗手是避免疾病传染的有效办法之一。(infect) Washing hands often is one of the effective ways to avoid being infected by diseases. 4. 这条铁路横贯平原,把那个偏远的山城与海港连接了起来。(remote) The railway runs across the plain, connecting the remote mountainous village with the sea port. 5. 这部有关第一次世界大战的历史小说引人入胜,我简直爱不释手。(so…that) This historical novel on World War One is so amazing/interesting that I cannot bear to stop readin g it. 2004 上海春考 1.我们盼望能参加下星期举行的艺术节开幕式。(look forward to) I am looking forward to take part in the art festival to be held next week. 2. 多参加些体育锻炼,你就不那么容易感冒了。(If…) If you take more physical exercise, you will not catch a cold easily. 3.因为缺少锻炼,他没有通过驾驶考试。(The reason why) The reason why he didn’t pass the driving test was that he lacked practice. 4. 直到被送入手术间时,他才明白遵守交通规则的重要性。(not…until…) It was not until he was sent into the operation room that he realized the importance of observing tr affic regulations. 5. 虽然她孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都相她伸出了援助之手。(offer) Although she lives alone and has no relatives, the neighbors all offer help to her. 2004 上海高考 1. 小组讨论有助于更好地理解课文。(help) Group discussions help to understand the texts better. 2. 上周因为生病我缺了一些课,但是我会努力赶上大家的。(miss) I missed some classes because of my illness last week, but I will try to catch up. 3. 这个游戏的规则太复杂,三言两语解释不清。 (too…to) The rules of the game are too complicated to explain clearly in a few works. 4. 你该就刚才的所作所为向在场的人道歉。(apologize) You should apologize to all the people present for what you have done. 5. 我发现很难与那些一贯固执己见的人合作。(…it…) I find it difficult to cooperate with those who always persist in their own ideas.

2005 上海春考 1.我昨天给你打了好几次电话,你都不在家。(call) I called you several times yesterday, but you were not in. 2.虽然并不富裕,但是他对自己的生活相当满意。(Although) Although he is not rich, he’s quite satisfied with his own life. 3.在叔叔的帮助下,汤姆写成了一首动人的诗。(succeed) Tom succeeded in writing a moving poem with his uncle’s help. 4.由于准备充分,他在面试中一点也不紧张。(not…at all) He didn’t feel a bit nervous at all in the interview, thanks to his full preparation. 5.只要我们齐心协力,就能很快解决这个技术难题。(technical) As long as we work with joint efforts, we will soon work out/solve this technical problem. 2005 上海高考 1. 我希望尽快收到你的照片。(hope) I hope to receive your photo as soon as possible. 2. 多吃蔬菜和水果有益健康。(good) Eating more vegetables and fruit does good to our health. 3. 今天下午我没空,我和牙医有约。(appointment) I am not free/available this afternoon, because I have an appointment with the doctor. 4. 你最好乘出租车去电影节的开幕式,不然就要迟到了。(or) You’d better go to the opening ceremony of the film festival by taxi, or you will be late. 5. 这款手机式样新颖,携带方便,深受年轻人的欢迎。(popular) This kind of mobile phones is new in fashion, easy to carry and popular with young people. 6. 他进公司后不久就独立完成了一项艰巨的任务,同事们对他刮目相看。(so) He accomplished a demanding task independently soon after he entered the company, so the collea gues started to treat him differently. 2006 上海春考 1. 昨天我的电脑坏了。 (wrong) My computer went wrong yesterday. 2. 为了保持健康,我们经常参加体育锻炼。(To…) To stay health, we often take part in physical exercise. 3. 躺在草地上听音乐真是惬意。(It…) It feels good to lie on the grass and listen to some music. 4. 物理课上,他没听懂王教授所讲的内容。(fail) In the physics class, he failed to understand what professor Wang said. 5. 是否在黄浦江上再建一座大桥,委员们意见不一。(agree) The members of the committee cannot agree on whether to build another bridge across the Huang pu River. 6. 我向她请教,她总是有求必应,而且解释得令我十分满意。(satisfaction) Whenever I ask her for help, she’s always ready to help and explains to my great satisfaction. 2006 上海高考 1. 我们相信农民的生活会越来越好。(believe)

We believe that peasants'/farmers’ life will be/be getting better and better. 2. 一本书是否畅销取决于诸多因素。(Whether. . . ) Whether a book sells well depends on many/various factors. 3. 我不需要买新车, 我的那辆旧车还很好。(condition) I don't need to/needn’t buy a new car as my old one is still in good condition. 4. 这里的菜烧得很好,还有免费蛋糕供应。(provide) The dishes are well cooked here and free cakes are provided. 5. 外出旅游时务必注意保护环境,为他人着想。(sure) Be sure to pay attention to protecting the environment and be considerate/think of others if/when/ while traveling/doing traveling. 6. 这小孩太调皮,使得他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱。(So …) So naughty is the child that he often upsets his parents who are busy with their work. 2007 上海高考 1. 他们的新房子离学校很远。(far) Their new house is far from the school. 2. 不在房间的时候别让灯开着。(when) Don’t leave the light on when you are not in the room. 3. 我忘了提醒他面试的时间。(remind) I forgot to remind him of the time for the interview. 4. 各式阳伞给夏日街头平添了活跃的气氛。(add to) Colorful umbrellas add to a lively atmosphere in the summer streets. 5. 无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。(no matter …) No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police keep to their posts. 6. 医生挨家挨户上门巡访,省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦.(save) Doctors’ door-to-door visits save many old people’s trouble of going to hospital.

2007 上海春考 1. 前天我们订购了 20 台洗衣机。 (order) We ordered / placed an order for 20 washing machines the day before yesterday. 2. 因为大雨,校运动会将不得不推迟。 (put off) Because of / Due to the heavy rain, the sports meet / meeting will have to be put off. 3. 为了您的家庭幸福,务必遵守交通规则。 (Do) Do obey / observe / keep / follow traffic rules for the happiness of your family. 4. 据报道这种野生植物含有丰富的维生素。 (It) It is reported that the wild plant is rich in / contains / has a lot of vitamins. 5. 和园丁们一起工作让我们学到许多关于花卉的知识。enable) Working with the gardeners enabled us to learn / gain / obtain a lot of knowledge about flowers. 6. 遇到困难的时候,我们需要的不是彼此埋怨,而是相互帮助。 (not…but) When (we are) in difficulty / When we meet with difficulties, what we need is not to blame each other but to help each other. 2008 上海高考

1. 我们打篮球的时间到了。 (time) It’s time for us to play basketball. 2. 他设法把游客及时送到了机场。 (manage) He managed to send the tourists to the airport in time. 3. 你今晚能来参加我的生日聚会? (possible) Is it possible for you to attend my birthday party this evening? 4. 应该鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。(encourage) Young people should be encouraged to choose their careers according to their own strong points. 5. 我对学生所谈的电子产品一无所知, 我发现自己落伍了。(ignorant) Being ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about, I find myself left behind. 6. 尽管遭受如此严重的自然灾害, 但只要不灰心,我们终会克服暂时的困难。(Although...) Although we are suffering such a severe natural disaster, we will eventually overcome the temporary difficult as long as we don’t lose heart. 2008 上海春考 1.你擦一下窗好吗? (mind) Do you mind /Would you mind cleaning the window? 2. 有困难请向警察求助。(turn to) (Please) Turn to the police for help when (you are )in trouble. 3. 他一到上海就和我们取得了联系。(contact) He contacted us as soon as he arrived in Shanghai. 4. 演出还没有结束, 孩子们就睡着了。(before ) The children had fallen asleep/gone to sleep before the performance ended/was over. 5. 导演得知自己的影片获奖, 感到无比自豪。(award) Learning that he was awarded /won an award for his film, the director felt very proud of himself/was full of pride. 6. 这些十八世纪的油画保存得这样好, 使参观者大为惊叹。(so …that) These eighteenth-century oil paintings have been/are preserved so well that the visitors are greatly amazed/ impressed. 2009 上海高考 1. 网球运动在上海越来越流行了。 (popular) Tennis is getting more and more popular in Shanghai. 2. 我认为你们的建议和他们的一样有价值。 (as…as) I think your suggestion is as valuable as theirs. 3. 只喝一杯咖啡就会使我整晚睡不着。 (keep) Drinking only a cup of coffee will keep me awake all night. 4. 为了纪念那些勇敢的消防战士,一部电影即将开拍。 (memory) A film will be made/shot in memory of these brave fire fighters. 5. 过了三天她才想起把雨衣忘在语言实验室了。 (remember) It was three days later that she remembered leaving /having left her raincoat in the language lad. 6. 尽管山高林密,医护人员还是迅速地赶到出事地点,实施援救。 (despite) Despite the high mountains and thick forests, the doctors and nurses rushed to the scene of the accident for the rescue/to carry out the rescue.

2009 上海春考 1.我已经去过动物园三次了。(be) I have been to the zoo three times. 2. 每天朗读半小时英语很有必要,(necessary) It is necessary to read English aloud half an hour every day. 3. 他的儿子喜欢上学,因为学校生活丰富多彩。(because) His son is happy at / loves/likes to go to /school because the school life is colorful. 4. 他打算买一套学校或医院附近的公寓。(locate) He is going to buy a flat (which is ) located near a school or hospital. 5. 你最好多带一些保暖的衣服,以防感冒。(had better) You’d better bring more warm clothes with you to prevent you from getting cold. 6. 毫无疑问,旅行使人开阔眼界,增长知识。(doubt) There is no doubt that travelling broadens one’s mind and enlarge/improve/increase one’s knowledge.

2010 上海高考 1、这本杂志花了我 20 多元。 (cost) This magazine cost/costs me more than 20 yuan. 2、雨天我总是比平时起得晚。 (than) I always get up later than usual on rainy day. 3、看到奶奶有些睡意,他拉上窗帘并把电视的音量调低了。(turn) Seeing Grandma a little sleepy, he drew the curtains and turned the TV down 4、乍一看,这块手表没有什么特别之处,但实际上它是一部手机。 (there be) At first sight, there is nothing special about the watch, but in fact it is a mobile phone. 5、我们一致同意一旦得出调查结论,就尽早让公众知晓。 (once) We all agree that once the conclusion of the investigation is drawn, it will be made known to the public as soon possible. 2010 上海春考 1 .她找到了一份作护士的工作。 (as) She has found a job as a nurse. 2. 我们应该竭尽所能是城市变得更美丽.(try) We should try our best to make the city more beautiful. 3.宝宝的出生使这个大家庭充满了欢乐。 (fill) The birth of the baby filled the bi family with joy. 4.我们对他的不辞而别感到很惊讶。 (without) We were greatly surprised that he has left without saying goodbye. 5.当你难以和父母交流时会感到痛苦吗?(when) Will you feel upset when you find it hard to communicate with your parents? 6.为追求时尚而付出高昂代价的人应该尽早改变这种生活方式。 (those) Those who follow the fashion at great cost should change their lifestyle as soon as possible.

2011 年上海春考 1.昨天晚上我们欣赏了一台精彩的演出。(enjoy) We enjoyed a wonderful performance last night. 2.因为大雾,通往南京的高速公路关闭了。(due to) The (super) highway to Nanjing is/was/has been closed due to the heavy fog. 3.虽然他并不富裕,但还是尽力帮助贫困地区的学生。(do one’s best) Though he is/was not rich, he does/did his best to help the students in poor areas. 4.据说,中国人比西方人更早使用纸币。(It) It is said that Chinese started to use notes/paper money earlier than westerners. 5.经历了多次严重自然灾害后,人们才逐渐意识到植树造林的重要性。(until) People didn’t come to realize the importance of planting trees until they (had) experienced a number of serious natural disasters.

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