丰台区 2015 年高三年级第二学期统一练习（二） 第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45分） 21. There are about one million words in English. ________, most people use only about ten thousand of them. A. Moreover B. However C. Otherwise D
. Therefore 22. He promised that he ______ us in the party, but he hasn’t turned up until now. A. will join B. had joined C. would join D. has joined 23. --- Can I help you? --- Yes. I bought an iPhone 6 here last week, but there _______ something wrong with it. A. was B. had been C. will be D. is 24. _______ here if you want to get a better view of the mountain scenery. A. To come B. Coming C. Comes D. Come 25. John brought over my letter _______ to him by mistake. A. delivered B. to be delivered C. delivering D. having delivered 26. Molly is an impressive photographer, _______ pictures have appeared in many magazines. A. who B. which C. whose D. what 27. Our house is on the top of the hill, and in winter the winds ________ be very cold. A. can B. need C. would D. shall 28. ___________ in hard seats for 6 hours, we finally stepped out of the train tiredly. A. Sitting B. Having sat C. To sit D. Sit 29. _______ they said about my program was a real knock to my self-confidence. A. What B. Why C. Where D. When 30. The media today can draw public attention to _______ medical help is actually needed. A. who B. how C. where D. whose 31. The children are dirty from head to foot because they ________ in the mud all morning. A. play B. had played C. will play D. have been playing 32. Mo Yan grew up _________ folk tales that had been told for centuries in his hometown. A. listening to B. listened to C. listen to D. to listen to 33. I was not sure _______ I had the qualification for the job, but I applied for it anyway. A. that B. whether C. what D. how 34. --- Sorry indeed, I ________ to your wedding if I had been in Beijing. --- Forget it. I know you were out on business. A. attended B. had attended C. would attend D. would have attended 35. I will never forget my experience in Africa, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. where B. which C. when D. that 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） I Was Forced to Find My Gifts I was a pretty typical 17-year-old with a strong interest in painting when something happened. One Sunday, I went to an old swimming hole and dove in. I 36 something under the water head-on and broke a couple of vertebrae（椎骨） of my neck. For five months I stayed at the hospital, feeling like a 37 to my family. My self-image was instantly 38 . I was described with terms like “disabled” or “crippled.” I was angry and 39 after I failed so many times at some 40 task---dropping something on the floor and trying to get it back up again. Near the end of my stay in the hospital, my doctor almost forcibly tied a 41 to my hand. He had seen my paintings I’d done before and 42 me to paint. Fortunately, I found that I 43 had this artistic ability left. It was like a big weight had been 44 . At least I could do something worthwhile again, and it became a 45 part of my recovery. After I left the hospital, I stayed at home, feeling desperately 46 . It seemed like I was cut off from 47 . No
one can get along 48 love and acceptance. So that fall, I started at the University of Texas, majoring in graphic design. One day a man happened to see one of my paintings. He had a great 49 for it and asked if I ever did art shows. So I was given a(n) 50 . Much to my surprise, I found that people liked my paintings and would pay for them. That was about 11 years ago. Today, 1,500 51 have carried my work. It was the art that provided the 52 for me to get up every morning and do something, 53 sitting in front of the television. Society has such 54 expectations of the disabled person, so it’s very easy to get sucked into a dependency routine --- you know, the “give me” kind of attitude. And that’s what I take the most 55 in --- the fact that what I’m doing today is well received all over. 36. A. saw 37. A. burden 38. A. improved 39. A. helpless 40. A. difficult 41. A. bandage 42. A. allowed 43. A. already 44. A. gained 45. A. vital 46. A. lonely 47. A. success 48. A. in 49. A. sympathy 50. A. exhibition 51. A. hospitals 52. A. Imagination 53. A. instead of 54. A. high 55. A. power B. hit B. failure B. created B. careless B. special B. towel B. taught B. still B. carried B. strange B. weak B. classmates B. for B. fondness B. challenge B. galleries B. chance B. apart from B. low B. pride C. touched C. joke C. changed C. nervous C. simple C. rope C. ordered C. even C. lifted C. boring C. frightened C. society C. behind C. talent C. permission C. schools C. motivation C. due to C. enough C. comfort D. picked D. patient D. judged D. tired D. important D. paintbrush D. encouraged D. always D. measured D. different D. guilty D. treatment D. without D. responsibility D. message D. families D. curiosity D. but for D. unrealistic D. advantage
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） A “Cooking With Kids creates fun and food for the family. Kate Heyhoe gives simple practical tips on how to bring the family together for mealtime magic.” —Linda Gassenheimer, award-winning author of Dinner in Minutes “I have just helped my four year old granddaughter Jessica to make stuffed eggs. What fun it is to cook with a new generation and what a joy now to have a brilliant new book like Cooking With Kids to pass on a passion for life and its healthy pleasures to a child!” —Graham Kerr, International Culinary Consultant “Like millions of moms, I want to prepare delicious, nutritious meals for my family, and after working all day in the restaurant, I also want to spend quality time with my sons. Cooking together is the natural solution. But in the kitchen, you need the proper tools to do the job well; Cooking With Kids is just the tool to get you started.” —Chef Mary Sue Milliken, TV hostess, cookbook author “In Cooking With Kids, Kate Heyhoe brings kids into the kitchen and teaches them not only great tasting recipes but cooking fundamentals such as how to hold a knife, set a table and how to survive in a supermarket. With families’ busy schedules, this book is a wonderful sourcebook for family interaction.” —Emily Luchetti, executive pastry chef “Seize the moment, and a copy of this delightful cooking guide, then call the children to the kitchen to experience the joy of an often neglected pleasure of family life---cooking food together.”
—Marcel Desaulniers, author of Death by Chocolate “In Cooking with Kids, Kate Heyhoe takes your hand and leads you through the kitchen on a most delightful tour. The book is packed with easy-to-understand guidance and simple, tasty recipes that will delight kids of any age, and that includes every inner child who never learned the secrets of the kitchen. ” —Michele Anna Jordan, author of Home Cooking 56. Who is the author of Cooking with Kids? A. Kate Heyhoe. B. Emily Luchetti. C. Graham Kerr. D. Marcel Desaulniers. 57. What do we learn about Cooking with Kids? A. It is an award-winning book. B. It is very popular among chefs. C. It is written for kids with talents for cooking. D. It helps develop cooking skills and family relationship. 58. What’s the main purpose of the passage? A. To share opinions on cooking. B. To teach children how to cook. C. To recommend a cooking book. D. To introduce some famous chefs. B My name is Pablo. I think I’m a lucky guy. I have a good family, and we live in a nice neighborhood in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. People travel here from many countries for their vacations. We have beautiful beaches, hotels, restaurants, shopping and sports. However, in my beautiful hometown, there are also very poor neighborhoods. These areas are crowded and have a lot of crime. Life is terrible for many of the children in these areas. Some don’t really have a childhood because they’re homeless and live on the streets. They don’t have education. They don’t have enough food. Many use drugs or have diseases or mental problems. Last year, I came back to Puerto Vallarta from my university in Mexico City. I spent one year as a volunteer with an organization called Outreach International. They have several programs. I volunteered for one program to help street children. I worked in a home for street children (all boys, at this one). At this home, the boys have a place to sleep and three meals daily. The home keeps the boys off the streets. It shows them another way of life. As a volunteer, I helped to prepare meals. I taught games---such as basketball, football and art. I helped the kids with their homework. These kids can be fun. They have a lot of energy, but they’re also really tough. Their hardships on the streets make them strong and not always “sweet little children.” At this boys’ home, I met two other volunteers---Brian from Canada and Greg from Australia. In many ways, we were very similar. We were the same age, came from good homes and had a good education. They were both college students, like me. We became very good friends. Now, we email each other. It was the best---and most difficult---year of my life. I learned a lot that year. 59. What do we learn about the author? A. He loves travelling. B. He enjoys his work as a volunteer. C. He is now working for Outreach International. D. He has made friends with the homeless children. 60. What is Paragraph 2 mainly about? A. Street Crime. B. The author’s childhood experience. C. The author’s hometown. D. The terrible life of the homeless children. 61. According to the author, what makes the street children really tough? A. Drugs. B. Too much energy. C. Hard life. D. Pressure from school. 62. What is the best title for the passage? A. My Special Year B. A Sweet Home C. Outreach International D. Street Children C It does not matter who wins. We are told that from day one. Usually, that statement is followed by some remark about being a loser. If we do not care who wins, then why do we compete? Fun, experience, the chance to meet new people --these are the reasons we try to outdo each other.
People will compete over anything. Every Christmas, my neighbors and I have a little Christmas light competition. It is heaven for the electric company, but I think we give Will Rogers Airport a scare. It is bright enough to land a plane in our front yards. I admit that last year my neighbors won, but only because they bought every strand of lights Wal-Mart had before I could get there. Personal competitions are great, but we get a little carried away. I cannot stand to see coaches shout at kids playing sports. Who cares if someone messes up and the other team advances? I’m tired of people competing just to win. It happens not only in sports, but in music competitions, too. People auditioning（试音）for chair placement in certain bands can get really unfriendly. This year I did not audition for a certain band, but I went to auditions anyway. This was the first time I actually had the opportunity to comprehend the whole picture. Other times I’ve been the person who was nervous and anxious. This time, I sat back and observed everyone else. I came to the realization that the people who aren’t so good are terrified of the good people, and the good people are scared stiff that the bad people have taken lessons and can now show them up. Unless a person is on the outside looking in, I don’t think anyone realizes this. Maybe competing is human nature, but we shouldn’t let it influence our judgment. Being disrespectful to opponents （对手） , letting competition become our life, and becoming so involved that we close ourselves off from friends and family is not the meaning of competition. A little competition is healthy, so it shouldn’t hurt anyone. If it does, someone somewhere needs to back off, find the good thing hidden inside, and try it again. Winning isn’t everything, and losing isn’t the end of the world. 63. The author mentions his competition with his neighbors to __________. A. make excuses for his failure B. express his concern about the airport C. imply his neighbor cheated in the competition D. show people really care about the result of competition 64. The underlined word “this” in Paragraph 5 refers to ________. A. the rules of competition B. competitors’ effort to win C. the influence of competition on life D. the negative attitude to competition 65. From the passage, we can learn that _______. A. the author failed the audition B. competitors may be unfriendly to each other C. it is coaches who always mess up the match D. those who observe opponents calmly always win 66. Which of the following opinions does the author probably accept? A. Competition for the job is fierce. B. Winning or losing is none of people’s concern. C. Competition is healthy, but it can get out of hand. D. The disadvantages of competition outweigh the benefits. D The chimp didn’t feel well. She fell over, ignoring the other wild chimps. Finally, the sick chimp crawled over to a bush, picked some leaves and swallowed them. By the next afternoon, the chimp was as good as new! Biologists watching the chimp were surprised. Somehow, the plant had cured the chimp! Did the chimp know the plant would make her feel better? Or was it just a lucky accident? Many scientists don’t think it has anything to do with luck. They’re discovering that some animals seem to use plants to cure themselves. And these animals are leading scientists to new plants that could cure humans! Dr. Richard Wrangham, an anthropologist at Harvard University, agrees that animals may know something we don’t know about forest plants. Wrangham got to know chimps and their diets while studying them for three years in Tanzania. “You must know a lot about an animal’s feeding habits to know what it doesn’t consider food,” Wrangham explains. Every morning, he saw that most chimps ate fruit near their nests. Later on, they ate on leaves. When he noticed chimps eating the leaves of a plant they usually ignored, Wrangham thought something interesting was going on---especially when he saw that they’d sometimes walk for 20 minutes to find the plant. Another strange thing that caught his eye was how they ate the bitter leaves.
“They swallowed the leaves whole,” explains Wrangham, noting that chimps usually chew their food well. “They seemed to rub（摩擦）the leaves around the roofs of their mouths. They closed their eyes, wrinkled their noses and swallowed slowly. ” Wrangham wondered what could be so good about something tasting so bad. He had a chemist analyze the leaves. He discovered that the leaves contain a red oil that kills different viruses（病毒）. Later tests showed that the oil might even fight cancer and the AIDS virus! Why don’t the chimps chew the leaves? “Rubbing the leaves between the tongue and the inside of the mouth might allow the chemicals to enter the bloodstream directly,” he suggests, “instead of going to the stomach, where they might get destroyed by acids. The chimps seem to know what they’re doing.” 67. We can learn from the passage that _________. A. chemicals in plants help cure animals B. chimps cure themselves by chewing plants C. scientists live with chimps to study their diets D. Dr. Wrangham knows a lot about forest plants 68. How can Dr. Wrangham tell which plants are medicine for chimps? A. By talking with the biologists. B. By analyzing the chimps’ favorite food. C. By studying the chimps’ feeding habits. D. By comparing other scientists’ discoveries. 69. The author wrote the passage to ___________. A. present a finding B. test a theory C. provide a solution D. describe an experiment 70. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Forest plants. B. Animal doctors. C. Chimp’s diets. D. A cure for cancer. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） Online courses are a terrific way for busy people. 71 You might have a full time job with a packed schedule and need to study at irregular times. You might want to benefit from the quality of education in another country. In this article you will learn about what it takes to succeed in online courses. 72 Time management is an important skill to develop. First, calculate how much time you will need to study every day. Then, allot（分配）a specific time in your schedule for studying. If you are busy during the day, then separate a few hours at night for studies. If you do not schedule study time, chances are you will not get any. Then, the good place to study can be different from student to student. Some prefer to study in complete silence. Others need some kind of soft music around them to concentrate. 73 It can be easy to get distracted（分散）when it is time to study. One of the most common mistakes students of online courses make is leaving their chat and email accounts open while studying. This may seem like a small distraction, but it can end up wasting a lot of your time. 74 In conclusion, it takes hard work and concentration to succeed in online courses. 75 The more effort you put into learning the course material, the better equipped you will be to succeed in your professional career. A. Online courses may not be a good choice for you. B. There are many reasons you might want to take online courses. C. In order to succeed in online learning, you have to have some specific skills. D. Remember online courses are designed to give you the knowledge to succeed. E. The secret to succeeding in online courses is learning how to manage your time. F. If you leave the door open for distraction it will come in and make itself at home. G. For the most part, a quiet room away from your busy and noisy home or office is recommended. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节 （15 分） 请你给外教 Jeff 写一封电子邮件，内容包括： 1. 告诉他你在学校演讲比赛中获得了第一名；
2. 感谢他在口语及演讲技巧上给予的帮助。 注意：1. 词数不少于 50。 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Jeff, _____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________ Yours, Li Hua
(请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内) 第二节 （20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三（1）班学生李华，请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，为校刊“英语园地”写一篇短文，记 述上周六你和父母去地坛公园认养树木的过程。 注意：词数不少于 60。
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分）[来源:学科网 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21.B 22.C 23.D24.D25.A26.C 27.A 28.B 29.A30.C 31.D32.A33.B 34.D 35.B 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 36.B 37.A38.C 39.A40.C 41.D42.D43.B 44.C 45.A 46.A47.C 48.D49.B 50.A51.B 52.C 53.A54.B 55.B 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56.A57.D 58.C 59.B 60. D 61.C 62.A 66.C 67.A68.C 69.A70.B
第二节（共 5 小题 ；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71.B 72.E 73.G 74.F 75.D 三、One possible version: Dear Jeff, I can’t wait to tell you that I took first place in the Speech Contest. I know that without your help, I could have gone nowhere. Thank you so much for helping me with my pronunciation and offering me the advice on how to make the speech impressive. With your great help, I faced the challenge confidently. I really appreciate what you’ve done for me. Thank you very much! Yours, Li Hua 四、One possible version: On Friday evening, I was watching TV with my parents when a piece of news caught our attention. The park called on people to adopt trees. That was exactly what we had been thinking about. So the next morning, we went to the park. A worker there gave us a detailed introduction and showed us to the pine woods. We chose a beautiful pine tree and the worker tied an adoption card on it. Seeing my name on the card, I was so proud and felt responsibility at the same time. To memorize this exciting moment, we took photos with our new family member---the pine tree. In the photo, we all smiled from bottom of our heart.