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2013高三英语一轮复习(江苏牛津英语)模块一Unit 1


2013 高三英语一轮复习(江苏牛津英语) M1U1
基础词汇:
1. experience n. [C]经历;[U]经验;vt.经历,体验;experienced adj.有经验的;有阅历的 have experience in (doing) sth.在(做)某事方面有经验 be experienced in 在…….方面有经验 2. earn vt.获得

(荣誉,尊敬);赚,挣得(金额) earn one’s/a living=make a living 谋生 3. respect n.& vt. 尊敬;敬重 respectable adj.值得尊重的;respected adj.受人尊敬的;respectful adj. 尊敬 他人的;恭敬地 have/show respect for sb.对某人表示尊敬 earn/gain/win one’s respect 赢得某人的尊重 respect sb. for sth. 因某事尊敬某人 4. devote vt.致力于;献身 devote … to/devote oneself to/be devoted to(to 介词)致力于(做)某事;专心(做)某事 拓展:专注于做某事 apply oneself to; focus on; engage oneself to; bury oneself in/be buried in; fix one’s attention on; be involved in; be absorbed in; delicate oneself to 5. literature n. 文学 literary adj. 文学的 6. average adj. & n. 一般的,普通的;平均的;平均数 an average of……的平均数 on average 平均说来,一般说来 above/below average 在平均之上/下 7. struggle n. & vt. 难事;斗争;努力;挣扎 (be)a struggle 一件难事 struggle against 与……作斗争 struggle with 与……作斗争;与……共同作斗争 struggle for 为……作斗争 struggle to do 努力做 8. challenging adj. 具有挑战性的 challenge n. & vt. 挑战; 向 ... 挑战 9. encouragement n. 鼓励 encourage vt. encourage sb. to do discourage sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事 10. cooking n. 做饭;烹饪 cook n, 厨师;cooker 炊具;cookie 小甜饼 11. for free 免费的 free of charge be free to do sth.不受约束地做某事 be free of/from 不受、避免……的 12. look back (on)回忆,回顾 look down on/upon 轻视,瞧不起 look forward to 期望,盼望 look into 向……里面看,调查 look out (for)当心(=watch out for) look through 浏览,仔细查看 look up 抬头看,查阅 look up to 尊敬
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13. satisfaction n. 满意 satisfy vt.使……满意;satisfying adj.令人满意的;satisfied adj.满意的 be satisfied with 对……感到满意 14. academic adj. 学业的,学术的。 academy n. 学会;研究院;专科学院 15. exchange n. & vt.交换;交流 in exchange for 交换 exchange sth. with sb. 与某人交换某物 exchange A for B 把 A 换成 B exchange opinions/views 交换观点 16. former adj. 以前的 the former 前者 the latter 后者 17. graduate vi. & n. 毕业;毕业生; graduation n. graduate from 毕业于(某所学校) graduate in 毕业于(某所专业) 18. fluent adj.流利的 fluently adv. fluency n. [U] 19. painting n. 绘画 paint v 油漆;粉刷;n. [U]油漆;[pl.]颜料;painter n. 绘画者,画家 20. donate vt.捐赠 donation n. donate…to… 21. independent adj. 独立的 independence n.独立 be independent of 不受……的支配,不依赖…..的 depend on/upon=be dependent on/upon 依靠,依赖 It/That (all) depends.那还得看情况了。 22. make use of 利用 make full use of/make the best of/make the most of 充分利用 23. somehow adv.不知为什么,不知怎么地 somewhat adv.稍微,有些; anyhow adv. 无论如何,不管怎样;尽管如此 24. recent adj.最近的 recently adv. (=lately) 25. professor n. 教授;profession n. 职业 26. inform v. 通知,告知 inform sb. of/about sth. keep sb. informed of sth. 随时告知某人某事 拓展:warn sb. of sth; rob sb. of sth; rid sb. of sth 使某人摆脱; cure sb. of sth; remind sb. of sth; convince sb. of sth ; accuse sb. of sth ; suspect sb. of sth 怀疑某人某事 27. run vt. 管理,操作 run away 逃跑 run after 追赶,追求 run into=come across 偶遇 run out (of)用完,耗尽 28. host n. & vt. 主人,主持人;主办 hostess n. 比较:host – guest master – slave owner 29. approve v. 同意,赞成;批准 approval n. disapprove vt. approve of sth./doing sth. 赞成(做某事) 30. charge n. & v charge sb. some money for 向某人索取……的费用 in charge of in the charge of take charge of free of charge charge sb. with sth. 31. broadcast v. & n. (p. & p.p. broadcasted; broadcast)
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32. preparation n. prepare v. prepared adj. be in preparation for sth/make preparations for sth / to do sth.为…….做准备 prepare one’s lessons 准备功课 prepare for prepare to do sth. be (well) prepared for / to do sth. 33. generation n. generation gap from generation to generation 34. poet n. poem n[C] poetry n[U] 35. select vt select sth. for 为……挑选 select sb. to do sth. 选拔某人去做 select sb. as 选拔某人作为

核心知识:
1. attend vt. 出席,参加,照料,伺候,用心 attend 指出席会议,参加婚礼,典礼及上学,上课,听报告等有主持人或主讲人的活动。attend a meeting/ conference/ a lecture/ a wedding/ceremony// a class/ a school attend to/on an old man 照顾老人 join 表示参加一个组织或团体并且成为其中的一员。eg: join the army/league/party/club/ students’ union join in 参加正在进行的活动 join sb in (an activity) 指和他人一起参加活动,比赛等 take part in an activity (a game, a discussion, a research), 参加群体性的活动,并在活动发挥作用。 2. achieve vt. 赢得,取得;实现,达到(P2) achievement n.[C]成就,成绩; [U]达成,完成 made great achievements 取得很大的成就 3. fun n.[U] 乐趣,快乐;趣味的事 funny adj. 有趣的,滑稽可笑的 for fun 非认真的,开玩笑地; have fun 玩的愉快; make fun of 嘲笑,取笑 3. miss vt. 思念;想念;错过;未击中;未看见;未明白;避开 missing adj.失踪的,找不到的(=lost/gone) miss + n./v-ing 4. introduce vt. 介绍;引见 introduction n. introduce sb. /oneself (to sb.) 5. develop vt. 发展,开发;培养;养成; 冲洗照片 development n 发展 developing adj. 发展中的; developed adj. 发达的; develop an interest in 培养/养成对……的兴趣 develop a habit of 养成……的习惯 with the development of 随着……的发展 6. gift n. 赠品;礼物;天赋;天分 gifted adj. 有天赋的(=talented) have a gift/talent for……有……的天赋 7. regret v. 遗憾;抱歉;后悔; n. 痛惜;懊悔;遗憾;悔恨 regret to do sth 为要做某事而感到遗憾; regret doing sth 后悔做过某事 类似的词有:remember forget 8. require vt. 需要;要求 n. requirement require sb to do sth 要求某人做某事 require sth. of sb. 要求某人某事 require that ----(should ) do /be done--- 要求---------→ It is required that ----(should ) do require doing/ to be done 要求被-------(want. need) meet one’s requirement 满足某人的要求

句型解析:
1. Going to a British high school for one year was a very enjoyable and exciting experience for me. (P2)
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动名词短语做主语, 谓语动词通常用单数形式。有时可以用 it 来作形式主语而将真正的主语放在后面。常 见结构: It’s no use /useless doing sth.做某事毫无用处 It is no good doing sth. 做某事没有好处 It’s a waste of time/money doing sth.做某事是浪费时间/金钱的. 2. We also had different students in some classes, so it was a struggle for me to remember all the faces and names. (P2) 这个句型的结构为:It is/was + n. +(for /of sb. ) to do sth. 句中的 it 为形式主语。 It is nice of you to help me .(对人) It is important for us to learn English well. (对事) 3. Though it did not look very beautiful when it was finished, I still liked it very much. (P3)尽管完工后, 它看上去并不算漂亮,但我仍然非常喜欢它。 though/although“虽然”,用于引导一个让步状语从句,不能与 but 连用,但可与 still, yet 连用。though 放在 句末,常用逗号隔开。 4. Upon finishing his studies, he started travelling in China. (P9) 学习一结束,他就开始游历中国。 upon/on (doing) sth. 表示“一……就……”,相当于 as soon as 引导的时间状语从句。 总结: “一??就??”的表达方式: (1)介词类 on/upon... (2)副词类 immediately/instantly/directly (3)名词类 the moment/the min ute/the second/the instant (4)连词类 as soon as/no sooner...than.../hardly/scarcely...when... hardly/scarcely……..when……..= no sooner……than……,当 hardly/scarcely 和 no sooner 置于句首时, hardly 和 no sooner 后面用过去完成时的半倒装,而 when 和 than 后面用一般过去时的正常语序。 eg: Hardly had I got to the airport when the plane took off. = No sooner had I got to the airport than the plane took off. 5. Our club is much more than just music. (P18) 句中 more than 的意思是“不仅仅, 不只是”。 more than + 数词, 表示多于, 超过, 相当于 over。 more…than… 与其说-------还不如说 知识拓展: other than 用于否定句=except 除了 rather than 而不是 no/little more than 仅仅 not more than 不超过 6. The more choices you have, the better your decisions will be. (P14) 结构“the+比较级(+主语+谓语) ,the+比较级(+主语+谓语)”可用于表示一方面随着另一方面的程度而变 化,意思是“越……,就越……”。通常前面的句子相当于状语从句,后面的句子相当于主句。the 用在形容 词或副词的比较级前,more 代表形容词或副词的比较级。 The harder you work, the greater progress you will make. 你越用功,进步就越大。 7. I was a little nervous at first, but everyone was so nice and friendly that I soon stopped worrying. (P18) 本句中含有“so. . . that. . . ”结构,意思是“如此……以至于……”,其中 so 是副词,that 引导一个结果状语从 句。 so…that…结构通常有三种形式:1. so + adj./adv. + that…; 2. so + adj. + a(n) + n. + that…; 3. so + many/much/few/little(少) + n. + that …; 若将 so 引导的部分置于句首, 主句通常用部分倒装。 如: difficult So did I find it to work out the problem that I decided to ask my teacher for help. 8. I’m not a person who is hard to please.(P11) 我不是一个难以取悦的人。 “sb.be hard/easy to please”意为“某人难以/易于取悦” ,这是“主语+be+形容词+不定式”结构,在这 个结构中,不定式和主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系,该不定式用主动形式表示被动意义。在该结构中,动词
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必须是及物的。如果是不及物动词,须加上适当的介词。The chair is comfortable to sit on. 适合于此结构的 常见形容词有 cheap,dangerous,difficult,easy,hard,important,nice,pleasant,fit 等。

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