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人教版高一英语必修一笔记[1]


English Notes Book 1 Unit 1 1.do a survey(调查) surveys add up 合计;加起来 add up to 总计达;总共有(多少) add A to B 给 B 加上 A add to 增添;增加 2.ignore ignorant(adj.) ignorance(n.) be ignorant of=be in ignorance

=ignore take no notice of/pay no attention to 3.calm:形容水面平静 calm(them/it/....)down quite:不要吵闹,使环境安静下来 still:一动不动 silent:沉默 4.have got to=have to/must Have you got to...? haven’got to;don’t have to 5.be concerned about/for=be worried about be concerned with 与...有关;涉及 as far as sb is concerned=in one’s opinion 我认为 6.go through=experience 7.set down=write down set up=build 8.a TV series 电视剧 9.be outdoors(≠indoors) in the open air 10.spellbound adj. 入迷的 11.on purpose 故意 do sth on purpose do sth with/for the purpose of 怀着...的目的 by chance/accident 偶然 12.in order to/to/so as to+do (不可位于句首)为了(表目的) in order not to do 13.at dusk ≠at dawn thundering adj. 雷鸣般的 entirely= completely 14.be good to;be bad to;be+adj.+to point 分数;point to 指向;point at 指着 15.not...until 直到...才 until/till 直到 get it repaired get sth done 让...被做=have sth done 16.cheat in the exam 作弊 cheat sb 欺骗某人 cheat sb(out)of sth 骗某人某物 cheat sb into doing sth 骗某人做某事 17.should have done 本来应该做某事(而实际没做) should not have done 本来不该做某事 18.make a list of 列清单 在单上:on the list reason n. 理由,原因 (1) 构成句型 The reason why ...is that ... (2) 构成短语 the reason for sth/to do 和 for the(some)reason 19.feeling 感到 feelings 情感 be afraid to do sth 害怕去做... be afraid of doing 害怕某事发生/sb/sth 20.hide:hide-and-hide 捉迷藏 hide away (1)躲藏 hide away in the forest (2)藏 hide away sth; hide sth away 21.It is...(被强调)that... be/get/grow crazy about 对...狂热 be crazy to do sth 做某事是不理智的 22.do with 与...有联系 处理=deal with 区别:do with→what deal with→how have something to with 与...有些关系=be concerned with have a lot to do with 与...有很大关系 have nothing to do with 与...没有关系 23.there was a time 有一段...的时间 there was a time when 这/那时发生了... 24.take along 随身携带 by oneself 独自;靠自己 25.far+adj./adv./比较级(加深程度) much too+adj. too much+不可数名词 26.happen to 碰巧 sb happen to do sth It happens/happened+that clause 27.dare( 用法跟 need 相似) (1) 情态动词,常用于否定句(dare not)疑问句(dare 提前) (2) 实意动词,后常与不定式连用,但在 dares,dared 后或是在否定句中的 to 可以省略 (3) I dare say. 我想,我以为=as far as I'm concerned 28.It/This is the first/second...time that+主语+have/has done

It/This was the first/second/third...time+主语+had done 29.Look...through...透过...看... look through 浏览 It's no pleasure/use doing 做...没乐趣 30.face to face 面对面地 (在句中作状语)face-to-face 面对面的(作定语) 类似的还有 heart to heart 坦诚地 shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地 back to back 背对背地 step by step side by side one by one arm in arm 31.suffer:vt. Suffer sth ,sth 常是痛苦 pain,损失 loss,疾病,饥饿,寒冷 vi.(1)sb suffer(s) (2)suffer from...加上具体的疾病或不幸事物的名称,意为患有(疾病) ,为...所苦 32.recover vt. Recover sth (strength) 恢复 ... recover oneself 清醒过来,恢复将康 vi. Sb recover(from illnesse/loss) 某人(从...中)恢复过来 33.gossip about get/be tired of sb/sth/doing be tired out 精疲力尽 Unit 2 1. later adj. 晚来的 (late 的比较级) adv. 后来地 latter adj. (位置上后面的) the latter (one) the former (one) 2. even if=even though 是连词词组,用来引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管、即使” ,表转折: though,although,but 3. I’d like sth 4. That child come up to me. Come up to vi.走近 come up 被提出 come up with 想出,发现 come across 偶然遇到 come ture 实现 5. over+时间 over the pass years over class/work 6. actually=in fact=as a matter of fact 7. be based on 以...为根据 base A on B A be based on B 被动 base 还可以用作名词,意为“底部,基础” at the base of 8. present 当前的,现在的(作前置定语) adj. the present situation present 做 adj.还有“出席的”的意思 at present;now;at this time;at this moment 9. make(good/full/no....)use of 使用 Every minute should be made good use of. make up 编写,编造,和解 make-up 化妆 make up of 由...构成 10. the number of/a number of 从意义上判断 the number of “...的数目”,接可数名词复数,谓语动词用单数 a number of 许多,大量(后接复数名词) ,谓语动词用复数 a great/large/small number of 11.be fluent in 12.such as&for example 全部列举 that is/namely for example:一般只举同类人或物中的“一个”为例,与所给例子用逗号隔开 13.The job was done. The job was difficult. The job(which/that was)done was difficult. 14.standard (1)adj. 标准的,第一流的 standard side (2)n. 标准,水准,规范(可数) reach/meet standard 符合标准 on a standard 根据某一标准 15.no such thing as...没有...这一回事 such...as...像...一样,诸如...之类的 such that 如此...以致 16.expect sb to do sth sb be expected to do sth expect+that 从句 认为/预想... expect sb/sth sb expect to do sth 某人希望做某事 I expect so.我想是这样 I expect not. I don’t expect so. 17.play a part(role)in (1)参加某运动=take part in play an active part (2)对某事有影响,对某事起作用 18.recognize 辨认,认出 recognize his voise 承认,公认 recognize sth/sb as sth/sb 19.way to do way of doing (in)the way ...的方,...的方式 (in)the way+that 从句

(in)the way+in which 从句 (in)the way+从句 20.command (1)命令(2)vt. command sb (not)to do command that sb (should)do 命令某人(不)做某事 21.request(1)n.请求 (2) vt. request sth (from sb)请求 (从某人) 得到某物 request sb (not) to do sth 请求某人(不做)某事 request that sb (should) do 请求... Unit 3 1.transport 作 n.时,意思还有“ (旅客或货物)运输” 、运送等 vt.意为“运输,运送(货物, 人,物等) ” transport sb/sth to swh 2.prefer (preferred,preferring) prefer sth (to sth) prefer doing sth=prefer to do sth prefer not to do sth prefer doing sth to doing sth prefer to do sth rather than do sth prefer sb (not) to do sth 宁愿某人做某事 perfer that sb (should) do 宁愿,更喜欢 3.dream n. V. Dreamed/dreamt dream a ... dream(vt.) dream of/about sth (vi)梦见,梦想 dream that ... 4.persuade vt. 说服;劝服 persuade sb (not) to do sth =sb out of doing sth persuade sb into doing sth persuade sb(of sth) 使某人相信(某事) persuade sb that+从句 persuade 暗示是成功的,如果“劝说”未成功,则不能用,用 advise 5.get/make+宾语+宾语补足语(-ing/done/to do/adj.) 6.finally,at last,in the end 的区别: 《学案》 Finally 强调活动过程的最后 7.It is /was ...(被强调部分)that/who+剩余部分【be 动词固定,that/who】 8.on schedule=on time 准时,按照计划 ahead of schedule 先于预定时间 behind schedule schedule v 安排,计划,预定 9.insist:坚持认为,坚持主张 insist on/upon doing sth 坚持做 insist that 坚持说 insist that sb (should) do sth 坚持主张,坚持要求 insist on one’s doing 其他感官动词用法跟 see 一样:look at,hear,listen to,watch,notice,feel,observe 10.care about;be concerned about 忧虑,关心 care for sb/sth like look after 喜欢,照顾 care n. take care, take care of with care 小心地 adv. 11.sb find it +adj. to do sth sth be familial to sbbe familialwith 熟悉 12.determined adj. 坚决的,有决心的 be determined to do sth determine v. 决心,下定决心,确定 1)determine to do sth 2)determine+从句 13.change one’s mind make up one’s mind to do keep/bear ...in mind 记住 read one’s mind 直言不讳 give/put one’s mind on 专心于 mind doing mind one’s doing 14.sth +be +adj.+ to +动 15.give in to 向...屈服 give sth on 上交 give up 放弃,戒掉 give up sth /give up doing sth 16.reliable adj. 可靠的 rely vi. rely on 17.encourage encourage sb to do sth encourage sb in sth encouraging(adj.) encouraged(adj.) encouragement discourage vt. discourage sb from doing sth 18.view n.[c]自然美景,风景[u]视野,视域 in view adv.看得见 There is no one in view. [u]观点,见解 in one’s view=in one’s opinion one’s view(s) on/about 其他搭配:get/have a good view of sth 对 sth 一览无余 19.find it +形+to do sth funny 滑稽的 do sth for fun have fun=enjoy oneself=have a good time

make fun of sb=laugh at sb get changed 换好衣服 get dressed 穿上衣服 change 可做名词,做“零钱”讲 change A for B 20.be put put up①举起,拾起=raise②挂起,张贴③建造,搭起=build④提供住宿 put sb up 21.in company with 陪伴某人 lay 下蛋 lie-lied 说谎 22.give in (sth to sb) give up 放弃,认输 give out 精疲力尽,分配 give away 捐赠,泄漏 give off 发出光、气味 23put up our tent put away 把...收起来,存放 put back 放回原处 put one’s heart to 全神贯注于 put down 放下,写下,镇压 put out 扑灭,伸出 put an end to 使...结束 24.At first...,and then... The former...,the latter... The one...,the other(one)... Unit 4 1.trip:指带有目的的旅行 例如:business trip voyage:指航空,航海 2.attitude towards sth/doing sth 关于...态度 3.burst n. a burst of laughter/applause burst into+n.≠burst out+doing... 突然...起来 burst into tears/laughter 4.as if=as though 1)as if 似乎,好像 2)as if 在表语从句中=that 5.be at an end=come to an end 结束 by the end of 直到...的最后(完成时) put an end to(介词)+n./doing 结束 sth 6.believe sb 相信某人所说的话 believe in sb =trust 7.shock n. 打击,震惊,震动 a shock to sb Vt.使震惊,使惊愕 shocking adj. shocked be shocked to sb 8.trap vt. trapped trapped 困住,陷入绝境 u.陷阱 set a trap (for) 设...陷阱 fall into a trap 掉入陷阱,be caught in a trap 中了圈套 trapped adj. 被困住的 a trapped person trap sb into doing last for 持续... 9.all...not...=not all...部分否定 当 all,both 及 every 的合成词与 not 连用时,表部分否定 完全否定要用 no,never,nowhere,nore(单数,复数都行),neither,nothing,nobody 等 10.bury (vt.) A.埋藏,埋葬 B.蒙住 陷入...;专心于...be buried in/bury oneself in The+adj. 表一类人或物(复数意义) 11.to:在境外,表方向 in:在境内,表范围内 on:与境界相壤 12.ruin 借喻 destroy 彻底毁坏,很难完全修复 damage 价值、用途降低或外表损坏 13.give one’s congratulations to sb (for sth) congratulate sb on sth 14.judging from/by (句首) 从...判断 judge the case 15.be proud of proudly(adv.) prise(n.) be proud to do sth be proud that... take prise in sth /doing sth 16.honour 1)v. honour sb (with sth) 2)n. show honour to sb 向...表示敬意 an honour to ... 对...是光荣的人或事 It’s one’s honour to do sth my thanks to sb for sth Unit 5 1.generously ①慷慨的,大方的 +doing sth/with sth be generous to sb with sth ② 宽宏大量的,宽厚的+to sb 2.devote vt.致力于,专心从事 devote oneself / one’s energy(time,effort,money)to(介词)sth/doing sth 把...专于 devote adj.①深爱的②投入的 或 be devoted to sb/sth 专心致力于... to 是介词

3.found(组织)建筑 build founder foundation 基础 found (founded,founded) the foundation of mankind 前无冠词,不可数名词 guidance (n.) guide(v.) 4.legal adj. legally agv. 反义词 illegal ①与法律有关的 a legal adviser ② 合法的 be legal to do sth fee (vs) fare be hopeful about sth 5.youth ①v. 青年时期 ②c. 年轻人 ③ the youth 复数含义 violence violent blow up the balloon/bridge 6.be willing to do sth 反:unwilling a strong will 很强的意志力 be willing to do sth 愿意做某事 Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者事竟成 (地点状语从句) at will 任意地,随意地 receive 收到 accept 接受 fairly 相当地=very 7.turn to 介词短语 ① 求助于,转向 turn to sb for help turn down 把(音量)调低 turn up 出现 8.fight ① n. 打架,战斗 ② v. fight for 为...而战 fight against 与...作斗争 fight with 同...并肩作战 9.prison 表示蹲监狱时, 其前面不用冠词 be in prison 在狱中, 被监禁 (状态) 反: be out of prison 出狱 put ...in prison=send...to prison(动作)=throw...to prison 类似:bed,church,class,college,hospital,school,university,market be ...away 有...远(指距离,时间) 10.as...as+主语+can /could=as...as+possible 某些动词(see,find,witness)等“见证,目睹”主语有时不是人而是物、时间、地点 拟人 用法,使句子生动 11.stage ①阶段,时期(at,in) ② 舞台(on) stage 阶段,时期 situation:形容情况(强调周围环境)in the ___ position:位置,形势(强调人的立场)in the ___ case: in the ___ 11. reward for (doing) sth (做)某事的报酬/奖励 a reward for ... a reward of +具体的钱数 reward sb for (doing) sth v. reward sb with sth 13.trouble Don’t trouble trouble until trouble troubles you. out of trouble have trouble (in) doing sth/with sth 14.lose one’s heart to sb 爱上,喜欢上 lose one’s weight lose one’s way 15.imagine+( one’s)doing should do 应该做 should have done 本应该... 16.asleep 是表语形容词,意为“睡着的” fall asleep be asleep sleep 是动词或名词,意为“睡觉” sleeepy 是形容词,意为“困乏的,欲睡的” stop(prevent/keep) sb (from) doing sth =sb be stopped(prevented/kept) from doing sth 17.degree:n ①学位:get a degree ② 度,度数 10 degrees ③ 程度,等级 18.强调 : do,does,did 后面的动词要原形 be in power 当权,执政(状态) the first time 引导时间状语从句, “第一次 ... ” (类似用法: the last time,the moment,the minttue,every time...) for the first time 第一次 19.reward n. 报酬,奖金 award n. 奖品,奖项 award sb sth in reward 作为报酬/答 get nothing in reward vt.酬谢,给人报答 reward sb with sth /for (doing) sth


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