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计算机专业英语期末考试试卷(A卷)


工学结合创新教程
计算机专业英语

2014 年上半学期计算机专业英语 期末考试试卷(A 卷)
(考试时间 90 分钟,满分 100 分) Ⅰ. Vocabulary(词汇)(30 分) ( 一 ) . Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese( 写 出 下 列 词 组 的 汉 语。)(共 10 分,每题 1 分) 1. operating system 2. requirements analysis 3. network security 4. data structure 5. decision support system 6. relational database 7. software crisis 8. computer virus 9. email attachment 10.central processing unit ( CPU ) (二).Fill in the blanks with the corresponding English abbreviations.(根据汉语写出相应 的英语缩写。) (共 10 分,每题 1 分) 1.数据库管理系统 2.传输控制协议 3.多文档界面 4.面向对象编程 5.只读存储器 6.数字视频光盘 7.计算机辅助设计 8.结构化查询语言 9.通用串行总线 10.企业之间的电子商务交易方式 (三) Match the following words and expressions in the left column with those similar in mea ning in the right column.(将左列的词汇与右列相应的汉语匹配。)(10 分,每空 1 分) 1. multimedia a. 字处理器 2. software life cycle b. 交换机 3. structured programming c. 多媒体 4. functional testing d. 局域网
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5. word processor e. 结构化程序设计 6. code windows f. 软件生命周期 7. firewall g. 功能测试 8. LAN h. 代码窗口 9. hacker i. 黑客 10. switch j. 防火墙 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Ⅱ. Comprehension(阅读理解) (一)Fill in the blanks with suitable words or expressions from the list given below, and change the form where necessary. (从下面方框中选择合适的词或表达,以其适当的形 式填空。 )(10 分, 每空 2 分)

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Software Engineering, which means the application of engineering to software, is a method to develop, operate and ________ software. That is, the development of software is on a systematic , _________, quantitive basis. Before starting the development of software, you have to systematica lly approach the problem. You have to understand the _________ (what the software is supposed to 项目 8 do), carry out the design, do the _________, carry out a rigorous testing and if the software is as p er the requirements, release the software to the customer. Subsequently, if the customer wants some changes--refinements or enhancements then the software has to be _________. Passage A 项目 9 The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer systems. Among other things, it s configuration determines whether a computer is fast or slow in relation to other computers. The C PU is the most complex computer system component, responsible for directing most of the comput er system activities based on the instructions provided. As one computer generation has evolved to t 项目 10 he next, the physical size of the CPU has often become smaller and smaller, while its speed and cap
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工学结合创新教程
计算机专业英语 acity have increased tremendously. Indeed, these changes have resulted in microcomputers that are small enough to fit on your desk or your lap. The CPU comprises the control unit and the arithmetic / logic unit (ALU). The control unit is responsible for directing and coordinating most of the computer systems act ivities. It determines the movement of electronic signals between main memory and the arithmetic/l ogic unit, as well as the control signals between the CPU and input/output devices. The ALU performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions — that is, it adds, sub tracts, multiplies, divides, and does comparisons. These comparisons, which are basically “less than ”, “greater than”, and “equal to”, can be combined into several common expressions, such as “great er than or equal to”. The objective of most instructions that use comparisons is to determine which i nstruction should be executed next. (二) Tell whether the following statements are true(T) or false(F) according to the passage A. (根据上文的内容判断下列句子的正误) (10 分,每题 2 分) 1. With the development of computer, the physical size of the CPU has often become bigger an d bigger. ( ) 2. The movement of electronic signals between main memory and the ALU as well as the cont rol signal between the CPU and input /output devices are controlled by the control unit of the CPU. ( ) 3. The CPU comprises the control unit and memory. ( ) 4. The control unit performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions ( ) 5. The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer systems. ( ) Passage B In order to solve a computational problem, its solution must be specified in terms of a sequenc e of computational steps, each of which may be performed by a human or a digital computer . If yo u want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to program. The task of developing programs for the solution of computational problems is referred to as programmi ng. Computer programming is the process of planning and creating a sequence of steps for a compu ter to follow. In general, this process will help us resolve a problem, which is either too tedious or difficult to work out otherwise . So programming is breaking a task down into small steps. Programming is sometimes contrasted with coding. Coding generally refers to the writing of p rograms for given program specification, while programming includes the task of preparing the pro gram specification as well as that of writing the program. The text of a program is sometimes referr ed to as code, and lines of program text are referred to as lines of code, especially in the case of ma chine-language programs. The term coder is used to describe a person engaged exclusively in impl ementing program specifications prepared by others. What's actually involved in programming - the actual process of writing programs? Here's a qu ick overview of the process:
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? Write a program. 项目 1 ? Compile the program. ? Run the program. ? Debug the program. ? Repeat the whole process until the program is finished. 项目 2 (三)、choose the best answer according to the passage B.(根据上文的内容选择正确的答 案。 (10 分,每题 2 分) 1.If you want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to
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A. calculate B. program C. add D. subtract 2. Computer programming is the process of planning and creating a sequence of fo r a computer to follow. A. steps B. process C. lines D. graphics 3. The term coder is used to describe . A. machine B. computer C. keyboard D. person 4. In order to solve a computational problem, you can let a person or a to do it. A. machine B. computer C. keyboard D. mouse 5. Which of the following is not the stages of programming? A. Write a program. B. Debug the program. C. Print the program. D. Compile the program. Passage C A computer virus is a computer program that is created to make and spread copies of itself. The program may however also be designed to have other effects on the systems it infects, ran ging from the annoying to the disastrous. Virus attacks are growing rapidly these days. According to BusinessWeek, the 76,404 attacks r eported in the first half of 2003 nearly match previous year's total number . As new antivirus to ols are more powerful than before, the virus writers are getting a lot smarter with newer and cr eative ways to attack network systems. Let's first examine some common virus types: Basic Virus - a piece of software code that is developed to attack computers and network syste ms via email or Internet connections. It quickly replicates itself and gradually attaches to files, programs or the hard drive. Trojan Horses - This is a program that doesn't replicate when entering a system but can be effe ctively used to open 'back doors.' Trojan Horses allow hackers to take control over a particular system or to steal very important data. Worm - this type of virus is able to spread itself automatically over the network from one com puter to the next. During a worm attack, users' computers get infected without even having to c
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工学结合创新教程
计算机专业英语 lick open email attachment or any program, etc. Since it is very difficult to avoid the virus, your best defense is a powerful antivirus program. I n order to fight with such viruses, the software vendors should focus on making their products more robust. This may ask for a trade-off between user-friendliness and security. In specific ca ses it may require line-by-line inspection, code retooling and even systems automation to defe nd the installed programs. (四)、choose the best answer according to the passage B.(根据上文的内容选择正确的答 案。10 分,每题 2 分) 1.A computer virus is a computer program that is created to make and spread of itself. A.programs B.virus C. copies D.files 2.Worm spread itself except by . A.network B.E-mail C.program D.hardware 3.Antivirus program can scan and virus. A.clean B.produce C.replicate D.make 4.Trojan Horses . A.quickly replicate itself and gradually attache to files, programs or the hard drive. B.infect the computer without even having to click open email attachment or any program. C.allow hackers to take control over a particular system or to steal very important data. D.avoid the virus to attack computer. 5.According to BusinessWeek, the attacks reported in the first half of 2003 nearly match previous year's total number . A. 86,404 B. 76,404 C.56,354 D.34,876 Ⅲ.Translation.翻译(30 分) (一 ) Translate the following sentences into Chinese.(将下列句子翻译成汉语。 ) (共 20 分,每题 5 分) 1. For developing a software product, the development process is divided into 5 stages: Requir ements Analysis & Specification, Design, Coding, Testing, and Maintenance. 2. Functional testing tests whether the output is the expected result with the valid input. 3. EDI refers to the electronic exchange of business information between two companies using a specific and structured format over private networks. 4 . Some applications, such as Word, allow for several windows in a special mode called MDI in which you can open multiple documents within the same application. (二) Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.(将下段文章翻译成汉语。 ) (共 10 分) A high-level language is an artificial language with which we can write various instructions. T his is possible not because computer processors are now so technologically advanced that they can ?understand
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? these languages. You should translate from programming languages into machine language which can be understood by the computer processors. Compilers can accomplish this task. Thi s does mean that a high-level language program is not directly executable: it must be compiled to produce processor program, which is executable.

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