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【三维设计】2014高考英语二轮复习3题组专练:动词和动词短语(一模+二模+押题,含详解)


动词和动词短语 (共 3 组,每组限时 8 分钟) [一模题组] 1.(2013· 厦门第一次适应性考试)How everything ________ in your life all depends on how hard you work; there is no such thing as a free meal. A.breaks out C.turns out B.g

oes out D.throws out

解析:选 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:在你生命中,事情结果如何完全取决于你的 努力程度, 天下没有免费的午餐。 break out“(战争、 火灾、 疾病等)突然爆发”;go out“外 出;熄灭”;turn out“最终结果是;最终成为”;throw out“扔掉,丢弃”。根据句意应 选 C。 2.(2013· 皖北协作区高三一模)—Do you know his daughter will ________ the project? —Really? I don't know it yet. A.look up to C.live up to B.get across to D.get down to

解析: 选 D 考查动词短语辨析。 句意: “你知道他的女儿将开始做这个计划吗?”“真 的吗?我还不知道。”get down to“开始做”,符合句意。 3. (2013· 大连市一模)As its name ________, the Volunteer Farm relies on volunteers to weed, plant and harvest. A.suggests C.predicts B.insists D.possesses

解析:选 A 考查动词辨析。句意:正如它的名字所表明的那样,志愿者农场依靠志 愿者来除草、 栽种和收获。 这里用 suggest“表明”, 符合句意。 insist“坚持”; predict“预 言,预告”;possess“拥有”。 4.(2013· 石家庄高三一模)Overuse of computers will ________ to the failure of our eyesight, which is a warning to us all. A.contribute C.devote B.turn D.adjust

解析:选 A 考查动词辨析。句意:过度使用计算机会使我们的视力下降,这是对我 们大家的一个警告。contribute to“促成,造成” ,是固定搭配,符合句意。 5.(2013· 昆明一模)The landlord wants to ________ the rent by $ 30 a month, which I think is unacceptable. A.make up C.cut up
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B.take up D.put up

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:那个房东想把房租每个月提高 30 美元,我认

为这是不能接受的。 make up“编造; 化妆”; take up“开始从事; 拿起”; cut up“切碎”; put up“提高,增加”。根据句意可知,D 项正确。 6.(2013· 山西四校联考)No matter how much money you possess, it can't ________ a healthy body. A.compare C.defeat B.suit D.match

解析:选 D 考查动词辨析。句意:无论你有多少钱,它都比不上一个健康的身体。 match“与??相匹敌,和??不相上下”,符合句意。compare“比较,对比”;suit“适 合”;defeat“打败 ,战胜”。 7.(2013· 江西六所重点中学一模)—Tom has played a lot of computer games recently. —Yes, that might ________ his failure in the midterm examinations. A.account for C.ask for B.answer for D.stand for

解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:“汤姆最近玩太多电脑游戏了。”“是的, 这也许是他期中考试失利的原因。”account for“是??的说明(或原因)”,符合句意。 answer for“对??负责,因??受到谴责”;ask for“要求,请求”;stand for“代表”。 8.(2013· 皖南八校第一次联考)—Do you believe that opportunities always ________ the prepared minds? —I couldn't agree more. A.make C.keep B.change D.favor

解析:选 D 考查动词辨析。句意:“你认为机会总是青睐有准备的人吗?”“我非 常同意这个说法。”favor“较喜欢,偏袒”,符合语境。 9.(2013· 南平一模)Adopting the doctor's advice, he ________ coffee and cigarettes and ate a balanced diet. A.cut down C.turned down B.broke down D.put down
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解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:他采纳了医生的建议,少喝咖啡,少抽烟并 均衡饮食。cut down“削减”,符合句意。break down“出故障;垮掉”;turn down“拒 绝;把??调低”;put down“写下,记下”。 10.(2013· 银川部分中学高三一模)Schools in China are required to ________ at least one “Sports Day” per academic year. A.set aside C.set out B.set down D.set off

解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:中国的学校被要求每学年留出至少一个“运

动日”。 set aside“留出, 拨出”; set down“写下, 记下”; set out“动身, 出发”; set off“出 发,爆炸”。根据句意,应选 A。 11.(2013· 泰安一模)Don't be so discouraged.If you ________ such feelings, you do better next time. A.carry on C.break down B.get back
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will

D.put away

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:不要如此气馁,如果你拋开这些情绪,下次 你会做得更好。carry on“继续”;get back“回来”;break down“出故障”;put away“把??收起来”。根据句意应选 D。 12.(2013· 哈尔滨四校高三一模)In fact fuels we burn and plant food we eat ________ their chemical energy in the form of heat. A.give in C.give away B.give off D.give up

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:事实上我们烧的燃料和食用的植物性食物都 是以热量的形式释放出它们所含有的化学能。根据句意可知应选 give off,表示“放出,发 出”。 13.(2013· 福州市高三一模)Our government's plan to fight against air pollution will focus on ________ information and handling PM2.5. A.expressing C.gathering B.representing D.acknowledging

解析:选 C 考查动词辨析。句意:我们政府同空气污染作斗争的计划将以收集信息 和控制 PM2.5 为重点。express“表达”;represent“代表”;gather“收集”; acknowledge“承认;感谢”。根据句意选 C。 14.(2013· 长春市第一次调研)According to the arrangement, the athletes of our school ________ at the gym for two hours every day. A.work out C.take in B.carry out D.set aside
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解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:根据安排,我们学校的运动员每天在体育馆 锻炼两个小时。work out“锻炼”,符合句意。carry out“执行,实施”;take in“理解, 领会”;set aside“留出,拨出”。 15.(2013· 安徽省芜湖三校一模)If you don't take time to review each interview you go on, you're bound to ________ the same mistakes. A.correct C.commit B.repeat D.improve

解析:选 B 考查动词辨析。句意:然而,如果不花时间去回顾你所经历的每次面试,

你一定会再犯同样的错误。repeat“重复”,符合句意。correct“改正”;commit“致力 于”;improve“改进”。 [二模题组] 1.(2013· 四川省宜宾五校二调)A recent study has ________ an unexpected conclusion that the African elephant should be divided into two different species. A.kept up with C.caught up with B.made up with D.come up with

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:最近的一项研究得出一个意外结论,非洲象 应被分成两个不同种类。 keep up with“跟上”; make up with“和好”; catch up with“追 上”;come up with “提出”。D 项符合句意。 2.(2013· 南昌二模)Thanks to the great efforts by netizens and the journalists' determination to ________ the truth, anticorruption has been accelerating. A.take out C.pick out B.check out D.dig out

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:由于网民的极大努力和记者挖掘真相的决心, 反腐工作加快了。dig out“找出,发掘”,符合句意。take out“获得”;check out“核实, 检查(是否一切正常)”;pick out“精心挑选”。 3.(2013· 辽宁六校高三二模)Those who want to say anything more ________ your hand and then ________ to speak. A.arise; raise C.raise; arise B.raise; rise D.rise; raise

解析:选 B 考查动词辨析。raise 是及物动词,此处表示“举起”;rise 是不及物动 词,此处表示“站起来,起立”。ari se 表示“出现”,是不及物动词。故 B 项正确。 4.(2013· 江西重点中学二模)This picture was taken twenty years ago. I wonder if you can ________ my younger brother. A.find out C.look out B.pick out
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D.speak out

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:这张照片是 20 年前拍的。我不知道你能否认 出我弟弟。find out“查明,弄清(情况)”;pick out“辨别出,认出来”;look out“当心, 留神”;speak out“公开地说出来(尤指冒险,表示抗议)”。故 B 项符合句意。 5.(2013· 江西十所重点中学高三二模)Many people headed for the water to ________, including rivers, bays in the seaside of the country. A.put off C.pull off B.cut off D.cool off

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。根据空格前面的 water 可知,人们去有水的地方凉

快,因此 cool off“变凉,冷却下来”,符合句意。put off“推迟”;cut off“中断”;pull off“脱下”。 6. (2013· 江西抚州五校二模)It's a headache trying to ________ in a strange, new town. I will just take a taxi and avoid all the trouble. A.settle down C.get around B.work out D.hold out
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解析:选 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:想要在一个陌生的小镇各处走动是件令人头 痛的事。为了避免麻烦,我会乘坐出租车。get around“各处走动”,符合句意。settle down“定居下来;开始专心于”;work out“解决;算出”;hold out“维持;坚守”。 7.(2013· 安徽合肥二模)—The cars give off a great deal of waste gas in the streets. —Yes. But I'm sure something will be done to ________ air pollution. A.reduce C.collect B.remove D.warn

解析:选 A 考查动词辨析。空处所在句子的句意:但是我确信一些举措会被实施用 以减少大气污染。reduce“缩小,减少”;remove“清除”;collect“收集”;warn“警 告,提醒”。根据句意应选 A。 8.(2013· 石家庄市高三二模)A smile walked onto A.lit up C.put up ________ the mother's face when the son

the platform to receive the prize. B.brought up D.took up

解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:当儿子走上台领奖时,妈妈脸上露出了喜色。 light up“喜形于色,喜气洋洋”;bring up“提出;呕吐”;put up“提高;张贴”;take up“占用;开始从事”。故 A 项正确。 9.(2013· 福建南平二检)—Does he work hard at his lessons? —Yes, he ________ no effort, as far as I know. A.wastes C.spares B.shares D.makes
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解析:选 C 考查动词辨析。句意:“他学习努力吗?”“是的,据我所知,他不遗 余力地学习。”spare no effort (to do sth.)“不遗余力(做某事)”,是固定短语。 10.(2013· 齐鲁名校二模)Though the suspect refused to admit that he had stolen the precious diamond at first, he ________ and admitted the videotape. A.broke off C.broke down B.broke away D.broke into everything when he was shown

解析:选 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:尽管犯罪嫌疑人一开始拒绝承认偷了这颗贵

重的钻石,但当他看到监控录像时他精神崩溃并承认了一切。根据句意可知,应选 break down“(健康、精神) 垮掉”。break off“中止,中断”;break away“强行逃脱”;break into“闯入”。 11.(2013· 成都第二次诊断)As the road to the airport is under reconstruction, we'd better ________ early to avoid the traffic jam. A.pay off C.put off B.set off D.take off

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。pay off“还清”;set off“动身,出发”;put off“推 迟”;take off“脱下,起飞”。此处表示早点动身以避免堵车,因此选 B。 12.(2013· 浙江宁波二模)The twin sisters were shopping for hours on Women's Day and managed to ________ bags of bargains. A.come across C.deal with B.pick up D.take in

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:在妇女节这天,那对双胞胎姐妹外出购物了 几个小时,设法买到了几袋子减价品。come across“偶遇”;pick up“买到”;deal with“处理”;take in“收留,收容”。根据句意可知应选 B。 13.(2013· 山东淄博二模)Maria ________ the interviewers with her knowledge and experience, and as a result she was offered the job. A.provided C.persuaded B.inspired D.impressed

解析:选 D 考查动词辨析。句意:玛丽亚用知识和经验给面试官们留下了深刻的印 象,因此她得到了这份工作。impress sb. with sth.“用某物给某人留下深刻的印象”,符合 题意。provide“提供”;inspire“鼓励,激励”;persuade“说服”。
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14.(2013· 郑州二模)A college is going to ________ a student's ability based on grades and then make the decision to admit or refuse an applicant. A.experiment C.assess B.parallel D.observe

解析:选 C 考查动词辨析。句意:大学将根据分数对学生的能力进行评估,然后决 定是否录取。 assess“评定, 评估, 估算”, 符合题意。 experiment“试验”; parallel“与?? 相似”;observe“观察;遵守”。 15.(2013· 山东济宁二模)The fight would have been avoided if either of you had been able to ________ your anger. A.put down C.keep up B.hold back D.cut off

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:这场争斗本来可以避免的,如果任何一方能

控制住怒火的话。hold back one's anger“抑制住怒火”,符合题意。put down“放下;镇 压”;keep up“保持,继续,使不低落”;cut off“中断”。 [押题题组] 1.Yesterday, I came across my former classmate, but his name ________ me, which made me embarrassed. A.forgot C.escaped B.missed D.reminded

解析:选 C 考查动词辨析。句意:我昨天偶然碰到我以前的同学,但是我记不起来 他的名字了,这让我非常尴尬。escape 表示“被忘掉”,符合句意。 2.WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was in court today, and when asked for his address he said he didn't want to ________ that information. A.give out C.hold out B.keep out D.bring out

解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:维基解密创始人 Julian Assange 今天出庭,当 法官问他住址时,他回答说,他不想公布这一信息。 give out“公布,宣布”符合句意。keep out“阻止进入”;hold out“坚持”;bring out“出版”。 3.The famous actor keeps fit by ________ for an hour every morning. A.sticking out C.making out B.standing out D.working out
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解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:这个著名的演员通过每天早上锻炼一个小时 来保持健康。stick out“突出”;stand out“显眼”;make out“理解”;work out“锻炼 身体”。故 D 项符合句意。 4.Many people are beginning to reflect on why we pay so much to study abroad and what kind of consequences it will ________. A.bring out C.bring about B.bring down D.bring up

解析:选 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:很多人开始反思,我们付出这么多到国外留 学是为了什么?这又会带来什么结果?bring about“导致,引起”,符合句意。bring out“出版;使显现”;brin g down“降低”;bring up“抚养”。 5.With economy developing at great speed, our city has ________ quite a few changes in recent years. A.witnessed C.arisen B.accumulated D.introduced
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解析:选 A 考查动词辨析。句意:随着经济的快速发展,在最近几年我们的城市已

经变化了很多。witness“目击,见证”;accumulate“积聚,积累”;arise“出现,产生”; introduce“介绍”。根据句意应选 A。 6.—Why didn't Mr.Smith arrive on time for the meeting? —He must have been ________ on his way here in the traffic jam. A.held up C.taken up B.put up D.given up

解析:选 A 考查动词短语辨析。答句意为:他一定是在来这儿的路上因为交通堵塞 耽搁了。hold up“延迟;阻碍”,符合句意。put up“建造;张贴”;take up“从事;占 据”;give up“放弃”。 7.Drinking water, having a healthy diet and taking exercise are all positive ways to ________ you when you are working on a tight schedule. A.relieve C.liberate B.refresh D.comfort

解析:选 B 考查动词辨析。句意:当日程安排紧 张的时候,喝水、健康饮食和锻炼 都是恢复精力的好办法。relieve“缓解,减轻”;refresh“使恢复精力,使感觉凉爽”; liberate“使解脱,使解放”;comfort“安慰”。根据句意应选 B。 8.Most of the people present at the meeting think poorly of they think will________ the worsening A.adapt to C.subscribe to of the environment. B.refer to
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the proposal, which

D.contribute to

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:大多数与会者都不看好这一提议,他们认为 它会导致环境的恶化。contribute to“导致,是??的原因之一”,符合句意。 9.John said he wasn't disappointed at the result of the basketball game, but the look on his face ________ him ________. A.turned; down C.made; out B.took; in D.gave; away

解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:John 说他对篮球比赛的结果不失望,但是他 脸上的表情使他露馅了。turn down“拒绝”;take in“留宿;吸入;包含”;make out“应 付;弄懂”;give away“泄漏;暴露”。根据句意应选 D。 10.New computers are soon out of date since newer models are __ ______ constantly. A.turned up C.turned down B.turned out D.turned over

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:由于更加新型的电脑不断地被生产,新电脑 很快就会过时。turn up“出现”;turn down“拒绝”;turn over“翻身,翻转”。turn out

为及物动词短语,意为“生产或制造”。newer models 与 turn out 为被动关系,故需用被 动语态。本题易误选 A 项,但 turn up 作“appear(出现)”讲时为不及物动词短语,没有被 动语态。 11.He will have to find some other work, for he can't ________ this loud noise any more. A.come up with C.make up with B.put up with D.keep up with

解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:他将不得不另外找一份工作,因为他再也忍 受不了这种巨大的噪音了。 come up with“想出”; put up with“忍受”; make up with“(与 某人)言归于好”;keep up with“跟上”。根据句意,选 B。
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12.A good speaker is supposed to manage to ________ the listeners what he means. A.make sense to C.attach to B.appeal to D.get across to

解析:选 D 句意:一个好的演讲者应该设法让听众明白他的意思。make sense 的主 语往往是 something,意思是“有意义,有道理,进得通”;appeal to 相当于 attract“吸 引”;attach to“把??附在/系在??上”;get across to sb.:to be communicated or understood“被传达,被理解”。故选 D。 13. The two countries agreed to ________ their differences and work together for peace, which has a positive effect on the international situation. A.set down C.set aside B.set out
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D.set about

解析:选 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:两国同意搁臵争议,共同为和平努力,这对 国际形势有积极的影响。 set aside“把??放在一边; 留出??”, 符合题意。set down “记 下,写下”;set out“出发,动身”;set about“着手做,开始做”。 14.—What attracted you to our university? —You have a great basketball team and I can ________ for it. A.work out C.try out B.look out D.carry out

解析:选 C 考查动词 短语辨析。句意:“是什么吸引你到我们的大学?”“你们这 里有一支很好的篮球队, 我可以参加这支队伍的选拔赛。”work out“解出,算出”,carry out“执行 ”,以上两项均不能与介词 for 构成固定短语;look out for“小心”;try out for“参加??选拔(或试演)”。故选 C。 15.Getting your students ________ in classroom activities is vitally important. A.trapped B.devoted

C.stuck

D.involved

解析:选 D 考查动词辨析。句意:使你的学生参与课堂活动极其重要。trap“使陷入 困境”;devote“献身”;stick“(在某物中)卡住”;involve“参与”。根据句意,选 D。


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