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【2014年备考】2013版高中英语全程复习课件:必修5 Unit 1 Great scientists(人教版)


Unit 1 Great scientists 伟大的科学家

Ⅰ. 单词盘点
根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 defeat 1. _______ (vt. ) (n. ) attend 2. _______ (vt. ) expose 3. _______ (vt. ) 打败;战胜;使受挫 失败 照顾;护理;出席;参加 暴露;揭露;使曝光


cure 4. _____ (n. ) (vt. ) challenge 5. __________ (n. ) (vt. ) absorb 6. ________ (vt. ) suspect 7. ________ (vt. )

治愈;痊愈 治愈;治疗

挑战
向??挑战

吸收;吸引;使专心
认为; 怀疑

(n. )

被怀疑者;嫌疑犯

blame 8. ______ (vt. ) (n. ) handle 9. _______ (n. ) (vt. ) link 10. _____ (vt. & n. ) spin 11. _____ (vi. &vt. )

责备;谴责 过失;责备 柄;把手 处理;操纵 连接;联系 (使)旋转;纺(线或纱)

conclude conclusion 12. _________ (vt. &vi. )结束;推断出→___________ (n. ) 结论;

结束
pollute pollution 13. _______ (vt. ) 污染;弄脏→ _________ (n. )污染 announce announcement 14. __________ (vt. ) 宣布;通告→ ______________ (n. )通知; 宣告 instruct instruction 15. ________ (vt. )命令;指示;教导→__________ (n. )教授; instructions 传授→ ___________ (n. )用法;说明;操作指南

construction construct 16. _________ (vt. ) 建设;修建→ ____________ (n. ) 建设;建 筑物 contribute contribution 17. __________ (vt. &vi. )捐献;贡献;捐助→ ___________(n. )

贡献
rejection reject 18. _______ (vt. ) 拒绝;不接受;抛弃→ _________ (n. ) 拒绝; 抛弃

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 concluded ①It was ___________ that he didn’t tell us the truth. I came to conclusion the __________ that he was lying. (conclude) contributed ②The writer personally ___________£5, 000 to the earthquake contributions fund. All the ____________ will be gratefully received.

(contribute)

Ⅱ. 短语回放 1. 提出 2. 得出结论 3. 使显露;暴露 4. 将??和??联系或连接起来 5. 除??之外;此外 6. 对??严格的 put forward _____________

draw/reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion ____________________________________
expose. . . to ___________ link. . . to. . . ___________ apart from _____________ (be) strict with. . . _________________

7. 讲得通;有意义 8. 应受谴责,应负责任

make sense ____________ be to blame ___________

9. 通向,导致
10. 调查

lead to _________ look into _________
contribute to _____________ cure sb. of illness ________________

11. 有助于;促成
12. 治愈某人的疾病

Ⅲ. 句式扫描 nor Neither 1. ________(既不)its cause _____(也不)its cure was understood.

every time 2. So many thousands of terrified people died ___________(每
次,每当)there was an outbreak. To prevent 3. ____________(为防止) this from happening again,John be Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies ___ examined __________(经过检测).

Only if 4. ________(只有)you put the sun there did the movements make sense of the other planets in the sky ___________(讲得通). with 5. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system _____ the planets going round it ________________________(行星围绕着它转)and only the moon still going round the earth.

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ① “Neither. . . nor. . . ”既不??也不?? 仿写:他和我都不打算去参加这次会议。 Neither he nor I am going to attend the meeting ___________________________________________. ② “every time”作连词引导时间状语从句 仿写:我每次去北京都会去参观长城。 Every time I went to Beijing, I would visit the Great Wall __________________________________________________.


心 要

attend

三年4考 三年1考

make sense



1. conclude vt. &vi. 结束;推断出 (1)conclude (sth. ) with sth. /by doing sth. 以??结束某事 conclude sth. from sth. 根据??推断出/断定??

(2)draw/reach/arrive at/come to a conclusion

获得/得出结论
make a conclusion下结论

come to the conclusion that. . .
所得结论是??

in conclusion最后,总之
bring. . . to a conclusion使??结束

①The doctor concluded that the patient’s disease was cancer. 医 生断定病人患的是癌症。 ②We concluded the meeting with an English song. 我们以一首英语歌结束了这次会议。 ③We will have a further discussion before we draw a final conclusion.

我们将作进一步的讨论,然后再得出最终结论。

come to the conclusion ____ ④I’ve ____ __ ___ __________ that he’s not the right person for the job. 我断定他不适合做这项工作。 In _________ ⑤ ___ conclusion (总之), more and more people prefer to live in the countryside.

2. attend vt. 照顾; 护理; 出席; 参加 attend a meeting/wedding/lecture/movie 参加会议/出席婚礼/听演讲/看电影 attend school/class/church attend to attend (on/upon) sb. 上学/上课/去教堂 处理;对付;照料 照顾(侍候)某人

①He is famous in this field, and tens of thousands of fans will attend his lecture this evening.

他在这个领域很出名,今晚会有成千上万的粉丝听他的讲座。
②He has to attend (on) his sick son.

他不得不照顾生病的儿子。
attend to ③ We’ll ______ __ the problem later.

稍后我们将处理这个问题。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

attend

表示出席或参加会议、仪式、典礼;也可表 示上课、上学、听报告等。
表示加入某一组织,并成为其中的一员,如 加入党派、组织、社团、俱乐部等。其宾语 也可以是人。 表示参加正在进行的小型活动,也可用于join sb. in (doing) sth. 表示加入某人一起做某事。

join

join in

表示参加活动,侧重说明主语参加并在其中 take part in 发挥一定的作用,part前若有修饰语,前面 要用不定冠词。

taking part in ④Thank you all for coming and _____________ our camp. join ⑤I tried to persuade her to _____ the club. attend ⑥I shall _______ the meeting. join in ⑦Everyone in the class is expected to _______ the discussion.

【助记】

3. expose vt. 暴露;揭露;使曝光
expose. . . to be exposed to expose sth. to sb. expose sb. to sth. 使显露;暴露 暴露于??,处于??危险中 向某人揭发某事 使某人接触到某物,使面临,使遭受 or you’ll get

① Don’t expose your skin to direct sunlight, sunburnt.

不要让你的皮肤直接暴晒于阳光下,否则你会被晒伤。

②We want to expose the kids to art and culture as much as
possible. 我们想让孩子们尽可能多地受到艺术和文化的熏陶。

have ③There were reports that about 160 local residents may _____
been exposed __ ____ _______ to radiation in Japan. 有报道称,日本大约160名当地居民可能已经遭受核辐射。

exposed to ④The journalist ________ that official’s scandal __ the public.
这位记者向公众揭发了那位官员的丑闻。

【助记】

4. cure n. 治愈;痊愈

vt. 治愈;治疗
(1)cure sb. /a disease 治疗好某人/治疗(治愈)某种疾病

cure sb. of. . .
(2)a cure for. . .

治愈某人的疾病/改掉某人的恶习等
针对??的治疗(法)

①Nine out of ten doctors advised their patients to take Yucky
Pills to cure toothache. 十有八九的医生建议病人吃Yucky Pills 来治疗牙疼。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空
意为“治愈”,常指治疗疾病、痛苦或革除

cure

恶习、弊害等,侧重结果;可构成cure sb. of sth. 结构。 意为“治疗”,强调治疗的过程;常用treat

treat

sb. for sth. 结构。
意为“(使)愈合, 治愈”, 指治愈伤口尤其是灼 伤,使愈合或恢复正常。

heal

treat ②Which doctor is going to _____ him for his illness?
cure ③She tried every means to _____ her child of the bad habit.

healed ④His wound _______ after the treatment.
【助记】 The doctor is treating him and he will be cured in three days. 医生正在为他治疗,三日后他将痊愈。

5. absorb vt. 吸收;吸引;使专心 absorb sth. 吸收??

absorb one’s attention
be absorbed in. . .

吸引某人的注意
全神贯注于??

①Things in colour can often absorb children’s attention easily.
彩色的物体通常会很容易吸引孩子们的注意力。

②In the natural carbon cycle, plants absorb CO2 as they grow.
在自然界碳循环中,植物在生长的过程中吸收二氧化碳。

was absorbed in _______ ③The little girl ___ ________ __ reading a tale.
小姑娘正在全神贯注地阅读一篇故事。

6. blame vt. 责备;谴责;归咎于
n. 过失;责备

(1)blame sb. for (doing) sth.
blame sth. on sb.

因(做)??而责备某人
把某事归咎于某人

be to blame (for. . . )

应承担责任;该受责备(用主动
形式表被动意义)

(2)accept/bear/take the blame for. . .

对某事负责;承担责任
put/lay the blame for sth. on sb.

把责任推到??身上
①I don’t blame you for doing that.

我不责备你做了那件事。

②You must bear the blame for the accident. 你必须承担这次事故的责任。 blamed on ③The police ________ the traffic accident ___ Jack’s careless driving. 警察把那起交通事故归咎于杰克的粗心驾驶。 ④The driver was ___ __ _____ ___ the traffic accident. ___ not to blame for 这位司机不应承担交通事故责任。

7. contribute vt. &vi. 捐献;贡献;捐助 (1)contribute. . . to. . . contribute to (2)contribution n. 为??捐献;投稿 有助于;促进;导致 贡献,捐献

make a contribution/contributions to/towards. . . 为??做贡献

①Everyone is willing to contribute food and clothes to the

homeless people.
每个人都愿意为无家可归的人捐献食物和衣服。

②She contributed an article to our magazine.
她给我们的杂志投了一篇稿子。

have contributed to ③Medical negligence was said to _____ __________ ___ her death. 据说医务人员的玩忽职守是她死亡的原因。 make a contribution to protecting ④ Everyone should ______ __ ___________ __ _________ the environment. 每个人都应当为保护环境做贡献。

【助记】

Many people contributed money to the poor boy, which contributed to his returning to school. A writer wrote a story about it and contributed it to a newspaper.

许多人给这个可怜的小男孩捐钱,这使他重新回到了校园。一
位作家写了一篇关于此事的报道并把它投到了报社。

8. put forward 提出;提前;拨快(时钟); 推荐

①The plan put forward by the old professor was well worth
considering.

那位老教授提出的计划很值得考虑。
② May I put you forward as a possible chairman of the

committee?
我可否提名你为该委员会主席的人选?

have put forward ③They ____ ___ ________ the date of their wedding by one
week. 他们将婚礼日期提前了一周。

【拓展】补全下列put短语
aside put ____ away put _____ off put ___ put on __ out put ___ up put __ 储蓄;储存 放好;积蓄 延期;推迟 穿上;演出 熄灭;生产 提升;张贴;提出;建造

9. apart from 除??之外;此外 ①Apart from working and sleeping, the thing Americans do the

most is watching TV—5 hours a day on average. (=besides)
除了工作和睡觉,美国人做的最多的就是看电视——平均每天 5个小时。 ②Apart from you,I had no one to talk to. (=but/except) 除了你,我没有可交谈的人了。

③ Apart from a few faults , he is a respectable teacher.
(=except for) 除几个缺点外,他是一位值得尊敬的老师。

【归纳】apart from具有下列三层含义 (1)相当于 besides _______。指“除??外,另外还有”, 强调“另 外还有”(指包括在内的“除了”)。 except (2)相当于 ______。指“除了??之外”,表示从整体中除 去(指不包括在内的“除了”)。 except for (3)相当于 _________。 指“只是;除??外”,是在对某

人或某物整体上肯定的同时,特别指出其不足。

10. make sense 讲得通; 有意义

(1) make sense of. . .
make no sense

理解,明白??
没道理,没意义

there is no/much sense in doing sth.
做??没道理(意义)/很有意义

(2)common sense

常识

have a sense of. . .
in a sense

有??感
在某一方面;就某种意义来说

in no sense

决不

①It makes no sense to buy that expensive coat when these

cheaper ones are just as good.
这些便宜的大衣也很好,何必非买那件贵的不可呢?

②Only after I read the poem a second time did I make sense of

it.
我把这首诗又读了一遍之后才理解了它的含义。

③There’s no sense in getting angry about it.
为此生气是没有意义的。

make sense ④This sentence just doesn’t _____ _____ , no matter how you

read it.
无论你怎样读这个句子,它还是讲不通。 in a sense ⑤You are right __ _ ____ , but you don’t know all the facts. 在某种意义上你是对的,但你不了解全部事实。

11. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there

was an outbreak.
每次暴发霍乱时,都有成千上万的惊恐的老百姓病死。

此句中的every time为名词短语作连词使用,引导时间状语从
句,意思是“每当??”,相当于whenever。

可充当连词的名词词组

the+瞬间名词(minute, moment, second, instant)
the+序数词+time

each/every+time
the + day(week, month, year)

①Every time I catch a cold, I have pains in my back.

我每次感冒背就痛。
②She let out a cry the moment she saw the snake.

她一看到蛇就叫了起来。 The first ____ ③ ____ ____ time I climbed onto the wall, I felt very nervous. 我第一次爬到墙上去时,感到很紧张。

【点津】

在以上名词短语充当连词引导的时间状语从句中,如果主句用
一般将来时,则从句多用一般现在时表将来。

To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined.

为防止这种情况再度发生,约翰· 斯诺建议所有水源都要经过检
测。 (1)逗号前面的不定式短语作目的状语。可作目的状语的不定式 短语还有in order to do. . . 和so as to do. . . ,但so as to do. . . 一 般不可置于句首。

(2)suggest在此意为“建议”,后接从句作宾语时,谓语动词要
用should+动词原形,should可以省略。

Sb. suggest(s) that sb. (should) do sth. It is suggested that sb. (should) do sth. One’s suggestion is that sb. (should) do sth. ①I suggested to him that we should handle the problem another way. 我向他建议我们用另一种方式处理这个问题。

②I suggested that he sit down to work out a practical solution.
我建议他坐下来想一个切实可行的解决方法。

【点津】 suggest意为“暗示, 表明”时,后面所跟的从句不用虚拟语气。 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空 has won ③Her smile on the face suggests that he _______ (win) the game already.

【真题链接】 [2010全国卷Ⅰ, 34]With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank ________ presents for

my dad.
A. buy B. to buy

C. buying

D. to have bought

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。根据句意“父亲节就要到了, 我已经从银行取了些钱为爸爸买礼物。”判断,此处用不定式 作状语用来表示目的,因此选择B项。

(1)if only和only if的辨析 (2)suspect的意义和用法 (3)reject与其他词汇的意义辨析

1. It made the young writer disappointed that several publishers _______ his manuscript(原稿). A. took B. rejected

C. appreciated

D. hated

【解析】选B。考查动词词义辨析。句意:几家出版商都退回

了他的原稿,这使得这位年轻的作家非常失望。take“带走;
花(时间)”; reject“拒绝;排斥”;appreciate“欣赏;感 谢”;hate“痛恨”。

2. —I didn’t invite him to the party but he came anyway and got completely drunk.

— ______ he hadn’t come!The party could have been a
success. A. How come B. Only if C. What if D. If only

【解析】选D。由上下文语境可看出,空格处表示对过去动作 的虚拟,if only要是??就好了。答语意为:要是他没来就好 了!聚会本来会很成功。A项,怎么会;B项,只有;C项,倘 若??将会怎样,这三项均不符合句意。

3. 根据语境猜测suspect的词义

①He resigned after being suspected of theft. (
②I suspect that they are very disappointed. ( )

)

③The police are questioning the two suspects. (
答案:①怀疑 ②猜想 ③嫌疑犯

)


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