Unit 2 Working the Land 知识点复习及单元测试
Part One 知识要点探究 一、语言要点 I 单元要点预览 词语 ①expand / extend / spread / stretch 辨析 ②occupation / job / work / employment / career / profession ① hunger n.[u] 饥饿
；欲望 ②hungry adj. 饥饿的 ①expand v.使变大；伸展 ②expansion n.[u, c]扩大；扩展 ① satisfy vt. 使某人满意; 达到要求; 满足需要 ②satisfied adj. 对??表示满意 词性 ③satisfactory/satisfying adj. 令人满意的 ④satisfaction n. 满意 变化 ①free adj.& adv.自由的(地) 免费的(地) vt. 解放 ②freedom n.自由 词 汇 部 分 ①equip vt. & vi. 配备；装备 ②equipment n.[u] 装备；设备 ①discover vt.发现，找到 ②discovery n.被发现的事物，发现 ③discoverer n. 发现者 ①struggle vi.& n.斗争；拼搏；努力 ②equip vt. & vi. 配备；装备 ③regret (regretted) vt. (对??)遗憾；惋惜 n.[c, u] 遗憾；惋惜 ④reduce vt. & vi. 减少；减缩 ⑤focus vt. & vi. 集中(注意力)；聚焦 n.[c, u] 焦点；中心点 ⑥comment vi. & vt. 表达意见；作出评论 n.[c, u] 评论；议论 ①thanks to 幸亏；由于；因为 (有时作反语) ②rid sb./sth. of 使某人某物摆脱 ③be satisfied with 对??表示满足或满意 ④would rather 宁愿?? ⑤build up 逐渐建立；逐渐增强体质；积累；开发 ⑥lead to 导致；造成（后果） ；通往 ⑦keep...free from/of 使??免受(影响/伤害)；使??不含(有害物) ①In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output. ②This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. V-ing as the Subject & Object
重点语法 II 词语辨析 1. expand / extend / spread / stretch 【解释】expand 指向四面八方的扩大扩张；extend 强调向某一方向的延长；spread 指消息，疾病，瘟 疫等的传播、蔓延，也指把某物铺开，把胳膊张开；stretch 指手掌，手臂，腰，腿，颈由曲变直，由 短变长的伸展或伸出，多与 out 连用 【练习】用 expand，extend，spread，stretch 的适当形式填空。 1). The man _______ the information around. 2). The empire _______ its country in the 16th century. 3). The road builders worked hard to _______ the high way. 4). She _______ out her hands to meet me. 5). The project will _______ the city‘ s telephone network to cover 1000000 users. Keys: 1). spread 2). expanded 3). extend 4). stretch 5). expand 2. occupation / job / work / employment / career / profession 【解释】occupation 指一个人经常担任的工作，不论是否领取工资；job 非正式用语，指一份固定的赚 钱工作，不论是否需要技术和特殊训练；work 多用来指工作本身，平常我们每做一件事无论大小，都 可以称为 work；employment 指受雇于他人，领取工资谋生计，并且比较固定的工作；career 指职业、 事业；指某种经过特殊训练而又为之献身的终身事业，带有崇高色彩； profession 指那些必须受到特 殊教育及训练才可胜任，带有专业性质的工作，多为创造性的脑力劳动。 【练习】用 occupation，job，work，employment，career，profession 的适当形式填空。 1). She has a good ________ in the bank. 2). She is an architect by ________. 3). She abandoned her stage ________.
4). Graduates are finding it more and more difficult to find ________. 5). Please write down your name, ________ and address here in the form. Keys: 1). job 2). profession/occupation 3). career 4). employment III 词性变化 1. hunger n.[u] 饥饿；欲望 hungry adj. 饥饿的 2. expand v.使变大；伸展 expansion n.[u, c]扩大；扩展
satisfied adj. 对??表示满意 satisfaction n. 满意 3. satisfy vt. 使某人满意 达到要求；满足需要 satisfactory/satisfying adj. 令人满意的 4. free adj. & adv.自由的(地) freedom n.自由 免费的(地) vt. 解放 5. equip vt. & vi. 配备；装备 equipment n.[u] 装备；设备 6. discover vt.发现，找到 discovery n.被发现的事物，发现 discoverer n. 发现者 【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). In some poor African areas, many children died of ________ (hungry) every year. 2). The basic needs of the world population should ________ (satisfy) first. 3). The survey found that men got greater ________ (satisfy) from caring for their families than they did from work. 4). The rapid ________ (expand) of cities can cause social and economic problems. 5). We were told to keep all our sports ________ (equip) in the lockers downstairs. 6). The people there enjoy complete ________ (free) of speech. 7). The ________ (discover) of electricity was Franklin. 8). Like many ________ (discover), atomic power can be used for good or evil. Keys: 1). hunger 2). be satisfied 3). satisfaction 4). expansion 5).equipment 6).freedom 7).discoverer 8). Discoveries IV 重点词汇 1. struggle vi. & n.斗争；拼搏；努力 [典例] 1). They were struggling to get out the burning car. 他们挣扎着从烧着的车里往外爬。 2). The book is about their struggle for liberation. 这本书写的是他们为解放而作的斗争。 [重点用法] ?struggle for 为??而斗争 ?struggle with / against 与??作斗争 ?struggle to do sth.努力做某事 ?straggle to one‘ s feet 挣扎着站起来 ?a life-and-death struggle 生死搏斗 [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). They are ________ (为??而斗争) the position 2). They struggled all through the years ______ us _______ the Japanese.(介词) 3). The fox struggled ________ (escape). 4). He _______ _______ _______ _______ (挣扎着站起来) and dragged slowly ahead. Keys: 1). struggling for 2). with; against 3). to escape 4). struggled to his feet 2. equip vt. & vi. 配备；装备 equipment n.[u] 装备；设备 [典例] 1). They equipped themselves for the expedition. 他们为远征治装。 2). A good education should equip you for life. 有良好的教育能受用终生。 [重点用法] ?equip sb./sth. with 用??武装某人；用??装备某物 ?equip sb./sth. for 为??而武装某人；为??而装备某物 ?a piece of office equipment 一件办公设备 [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). The soldiers were well _______ _______ (装备好了) weapons. 2). We must equip young teachers _______ _______ _______ (对付) difficult children. 3). This library is equipped _______ (介词) atomic research. 4). Our classroom _______ _______ _______ (装备有) a computer and a tape recorder.
Keys: 1). equipped with 2). to deal with 3). for 4). is equipped with 3. regret (regretted) vt. (对??)遗憾；惋惜 n.[c, u] 遗憾；惋惜 [典例] 1). If you go now, you’ ll regret it. 假若你现在就走, 一定得後悔。 2). I regret to say the job has been filled. 十分抱歉, 那个工作已经有人做了。 [重点用法] ?regret to say/tell/announce/inform 遗憾地说/告诉/宣布/通知 ?regret doing / having done sth. 后悔已做了某事 ?regret that 遗憾/后悔? [练习] 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). I now regret _______ (leave) school so young. 2). _______ _______ _______ _______(非常抱歉), I am unable to accept your invitation. 3). I regret _______ (inform) you that your contract will not be renewed. Keys: 1). leaving / having done 2). Much to my regret/To my great regret 3). to inform 4. reduce vt. & vi. 减少；减缩 reduction n.缩减，减少，降低 [典例] 1). He reduced his weight from 98 to 92 kilos/by 6 kilos. 他把体重从 98 公斤减少到 92 公斤。 2). The reform has reduced us to servants of the State. 这一改革把我们都降为公务员了。 [重点用法] ?reduce sth (from...) to... 把某物从??减少到?? ?reduce sth. by... 减少多少 [练习] 根据句子意思填入正确的介词。 1). We must reduce our expenses ______ 300 yuan a month. 2). Their output has been reduced ______ 10 percent. 3). He reduced his weight ______ 6 kilos. Keys: 1). to 2). by 3). by 5. focus vt. & vi. 集中(注意力)；聚焦 n. [c, u] 焦点；中心点 [典例] 1). Focus your camera. 把照相机的焦距调准。 2). Her beauty makes her the focus of attention. 她长得漂亮, 很惹人注目。 [重点用法] ?focus on 集中于 ?focus (one‘s attention/mind/efforts) on 集中(注意力/心思/精力)于 [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). The focus of recent research has been _______ (介词) environmental issues. 2). All eyes _______ _______ (集中于) her. 3). They focused their mind on ______ (do) the experiment. Keys: 1). on 2). focussed on 3). doing 6.comment vi. & vt. 表达意见；作出评论 n. [c, u] 评论；议论 [典例] 1). The scandal caused a lot of comment. 这件丑闻遭到很多议论。 2). ―Will you resign, Minister?‖ ―No comment!‖“部长，你是要辞职吗?” “无可奉告。 ” [重点用法] ?comment on/about sth./sb. 对某事/某人评论 ?make comments/no comment on sth./sb. 对某事/某人评论/不进行评论 [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). Have you any comment(s) _______ (make) on the recent developments? 2). Asked about the date of the election, the Prime Minister _______ _______ (发表意见) no decision had yet been made. 3). She was asked about the pay increase but _______ _______ _______ (不进行评论) on it. Keys: 1). to make 2). commented that 3). made no comment V 重点词组 1. thanks to 幸亏；由于；因为 (有时作反语) [典例] 1). Thanks to your help, much trouble was saved. 多亏你的帮助, 减少了许多麻烦。 2). Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled. 多亏这个倒霉天气, 比赛取消了。 [重点用法] thanks to 相当于 because of /owing to /due to /thanks to /on account of /as a result of 如： 1). He was injured due to /owing to a car accident. 2). His failure is due to the fact that he lacks experience. 3). The train arrived late on account of /as a result of a heavy snow. 4). Thanks to him, I‘ m getting better and better . 5). It was thanks to your stupidity that we lost the game . [练习] 翻译句子。 1). 多亏了新的政策，我们现在过着幸福的生活。_________________________________________
2). 多亏了他的忠告我才得以成功。(用强调句) _____________________________________ 3). 由于交通堵塞我迟到了。_______________________________ Keys: 1). Thanks to the new policy, we are now having a happy life. 2). It was thanks to his advice that I succeeded. 3). I was late thanks to the traffic jam. 2. rid sb./sth. of... 使某人/某物摆脱?? [典例] 1). Many people are working hard to rid the world of famine. 很多人在努力使世界不再有饥荒。 2). The dentist rid him of the pain by taking out his bad tooth. 牙科医生把他的坏牙拔掉，使他免除痛苦。 [重点用法] rid 短语： ?be rid of 摆脱 ?get rid of 摆脱；除掉；去掉 ?rid a house of mice 清除室内老鼠 ?rid oneself of debt 还清债务 [类似用法动词] inform/ warn/ cure sb. of… 通知/警告/治愈某人?? [练习] 翻译填空。 1). He struggled to _______ _______ _______ (使自己摆脱) his guilt. 2). The proposals are an attempt to _______ _______ _______ (使国家清除) political corruption. 3). He was a boring nuisance! I‘ m glad to _______ _______ _______ (摆脱他的纠缠) him. 4). I still can‘ t _______ _______ _______ (摆脱) my cold. 5). The sales manager asked his men to _____ _____ _____ (通知) everything concerning the sales in time. 6). The passengers ______ _______ _______ (警告) the danger of unsteady landing. Keys: 1). rid himself of 2). rid the country of 3). be rid of 4). get rid of 5). inform him of 6). are warned of 3. be satisfied with = be content with 对??表示满足或满意 [典例] 1). I was not satisfied with the result. 我对那个结果感到不满意。 2). You‘ve done well at school. I‘m very satisfied with you. 你在学校干得不错，我对你很满意。 [重点用法] ?sth. satisfy sb. 某事使某人满意 ?sb. is satisfied sth. 对??表示满足或满意 ?be satisfied to do 对做??感到满意 ?be satisfied that clause 对做??感到满意 ?a satisfied smile 满意的微笑 ?a satisfied customer 感到满意的顾客 ?feel a sense of satisfaction 感到满足感 ?to sb‘ s / sth‘ s satisfaction 使某人满意的是 ?far from satisfactory 远远不能令人满足 ?it is satisfying (to do sth) 做某事是令人满意的 ?a satisfactory explanation / performance 令人满意的解释/演出 ?get/obtain/derive satisfaction from one‘ s work 从自己的工作中得到满足 [练习] 根据句子意思用 satisfy 的适当形式填空。 1). I am not ________ (satisfy) with your work. You must improve it. 2). The result doesn‘ t ________ (satisfy) me. 3). What he has done is far from ________ (satisfy). 4). He hung up the phone, ________ (satisfy) with a smile on his face. 5). It can be very ________ (satisfy) to work in the garden. 6). Finance officials expressed ________ (satisfy) with the recovery of the dollar. Keys: 1). satisfied 2). satisfy 3). satisfactory 4). satisfied 5). satisfying 6). satisfaction 4. would rather 宁愿?? [典例] 1). I‘d rather walk than take a bus. 我愿意走路而不愿意坐公共汽车。 2). ―Some more wine?‖ ―Thank you, I‘ d rather not. I have to drive home.‖ “再来一点酒好吗?” “不要了，我不能再喝了。 我还得开车回家呢。 ” [重点用法] ?would rather do A (than do B) = would (prefer to) do A (rather than do B) 宁愿做甲事(而不做乙事) ?would rather sb. did sth.宁愿某人做某事 [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). I would rather you ________ (know) now, than afterwards. 2). Rather than ________ (ride) on a crowded bus, I prefer ________ (walk). 3). 她宁可死也不愿失去孩子们。__________________________________________ Keys: 1). knew 2). ride; to walk 3). She‘d rather die than lose the children. 5. build up 逐渐建立；逐渐增强体质；积累；开发 [典例] 1). You need more protein to build you up. 你需要增加蛋白质以增强体质。 2). He is now trying to build up a fine reputation. 他正在努力逐步赢得好的声誉。 [练习] 翻译填空。 1). Slowly a thick layer of fat ________ ________ (越聚越多) on the pan‘s surface.
2). Exercise will help ________ ________ (增强) the muscles. 3). They have finally ________ ________ (建立) a big company. Keys: 1). builds up 2). build up 3). built up 6. lead to 导致；造成（后果） ；通往 [典例] 1). This misprint led to great confusion. 这个印刷错误造成很大的混淆。 2). His actions could lead to him losing his job. 他的行为有可能会导致他丢了工作。 [重点用法] lead 短语： ?lead sb. to 把某人带到 ?lead sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事 ?lead sb. in doing sth. 领导/带领某人做某事 ?lead to sb. doing sth. 导致某人做某事 [练习] 根据句子意思填空或按要求填空。 1). The events ________ ________ the start of the First World War. 2). What led him ________ (kill) his wife? 3). He had led everyone ________ (believe) that his family was very wealthy. 4). Our research led us ________ (介词) the conclusion that the present system is unfair. 5). Too much work and too little rest often _______ _______ illness. 6). He will lead the party of scientists ________ (do) the research. 7). Failure often lies in laziness while hard work _ ________ success. 8). The driver‘s carelessness ________ ________ the serious traffic accident. Keys: 1). led to 2). to kill 3). to believe 4). to 5). leads to 6). in doing 7). leads to 8). led to / resulted in 7. keep...free from/of = protect sb./sth. from... 使??免受(影响/伤害)；使??不含(有害物) [典例] 1). We should keep ourselves free from drugs. 我们应该远离毒品。 2). I hope you will keep yourself free from tobacco and alcohol. 我希望你不抽烟不喝酒。 [练习] 根据句子意思填空。 1). We‘ve managed to ________ the garden ________ ________weeds this year. 2). Relaxation exercises can ________ your body ________ ________ tension. Keys: 1). keep; free of 2). keep; free of VI 重点句子 1. In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output. 1974 年， 他成了世界上第一位种植高产水稻的农业先锋。 [解释] 不定式放在表示次序的词 the first, the last, the best 以及 the only, the very, the right 等词后面, 且 这些词与动词不定式有逻辑上的主谓关系，结构为：the first/last/best/right/only/very/... + n. + to do sth. 第一个/最后一个/最好的一个/合适的/唯一的/恰好的??做某事的人/物，如： 1). He is always the first (student) to come and the last to leave. 他总是第一个来和最后一个离开的（学 生） 。 2). The last man to leave the sinking ship was the captain. 最后一个离开正在下沉的船的是船长。 [练习] 根据句子意思填空。 1). I think he is the right person ________ (tell) her about this. 2). I‘ d be the first ________ (admit) I might be wrong. Keys: 1). to tell 2). to admit 2. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. 这种 特殊的稻种使得同样的田地多收获三分之一的产量。 [解释] make it + 宾语补足语 + 动词不定式, it 做形式宾语,动词不定式是真正的宾语，有时 真正的宾语是从句。常和动词 consider/think/make/find/believe/declare/feel/guess/imagine/prove 等连用。如：He felt it his duty to take good care of them. 他感觉到好好照顾他们是他的责任。 再如： 1). The bad weather makes it impossible for us to go for a picnic. 2). We make it a rule to do some English practice before class. 3). Tom found it very embarrassing to be reminded of the long-standing debt. 4). Do you find it funny to see someone sliding on a banana skin? [练习] 翻译句子。 1). 我们觉得支持好的领导是我们的职责。___________________________________________ 2). 我记得我想你讲清楚我不会来的。________________________________________________ Keys: 1). We consider it our duty to support good leaders. 2). I remember I made it clear to you that I was not coming. VII 重点语法
（一）动名词作主语的用法 动名词作主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作，在口语中也可以表示具体的动作。如： ? Painting is his hobby.绘画是他的爱好。 ? Talking mends no holes.空谈无济于事。 动名词作主语和不定式作主语一样，也可以用 it 作形式主语。如： ? It is no use talking without doing.光说不做没有用。 不定式作主语往往表示具体的特别是将来的动作。如： ? It‘s so hot. What I want to do now is to have a swim in a river. 天这么热，现在我想做的事就是在河里游泳。 （二）动名词作宾语的用法 （1）有些动词或短语动词后常用动名词作宾语。如 admit， appreciate， avoid， can‘t stand（不能忍受）， consider，delay，devote...to，dislike，enjoy，escape，excuse，feel like，finish，forgive，get down to， give up，imagine，insist on，keep（on），look forward to，mention，mind，miss（错过），pay attention to，practise，put off，stick to，suggest 等。 （2）在 allow，advise，forbid，permit 后直接跟动名词作宾语，如果有名词或代词作宾语，则 构成 ―allow/advise/forbid/permit +名词/代词+不定式（宾语补足语）‖形式。如： ? We don‘t allow smoking here.我们这儿不许吸烟。 ? We don‘t allow anybody to smoke here.我们这儿不允许任何人吸烟。 （3）动词 need，require，want 意为―需要‖时，后跟动名词的主动式或不定式的被动式作宾语，意义 没有区别。如： ? The window needs/requires/wants cleaning.窗户需要擦了。 ? The window needs/requires/wants to be cleaned.窗户需要擦了。 （4）在 begin，continue，love，like，hate，prefer，intend，start 后用动名词或不定式作宾语均可，意 义没有多大区别。 （5）动词 forget，go on，mean，regret，remember，stop，try，be used to，can‘t help 后跟动名词和跟 不定式区别较大，须注意。 ①forget，regret，remember 后跟动名词表示已经发生的动作；跟不定式表示将要发生的动作。 试比较下面例句： ? I forgot to post the letter.我忘了寄这封信。 （信没有寄出） ? I forgot posting the letter.我忘了这封信已经寄过了。 （信已经寄过，忘记寄信这件事） ②go on 后跟动名词表示―继续做原来做的事‖；跟不定式表示―接着做另一件事‖。如： ? Go on reading Lesson Three.继续读第三课。（刚才读的就是第三课） ? Go on to read Lesson Three.接着读第三课。（刚才也许读的是第二课或者在干别的事） ③mean 后跟动名词表示―意味着要做某事‖；跟不定式表示―想要做某事‖。如： ? Accepting the job means living aboard.接受这个工作就意味着在国外居住。 ? I didn‘t mean to start an argument.我并不想（跟你）争论。 ④stop 后跟动名词表示―停止做某事‖；跟不定式表示―停下来（别的事）开始做某事‖。如： ? We stopped talking.我们停止说话。 ? We stopped to talk.我们停下来开始说话。 ⑤try 后跟动名词表示―试着做某事‖；跟不定式表示―努力做某事‖。如： ? He tried climbing the tall tree.他试着爬上那棵大树。（已经爬了） ? He tried to climb the tall tree.他努力要爬上那棵大树。（还没爬） ⑥be used to 后跟动名词表示―习惯于做某事‖；跟不定式表示―被用来做某事‖。如：
? He has been used to getting up early.他已经习惯早起。 ? Wood is used to make paper.木材被用来造纸。 ⑦can‘t help 后跟动名词表示―禁不住做某事‖；跟不定式表示―不能帮助做某事‖。如： ? After hearing the story，we couldn‘t help laughing.听完这个故事，我们忍不住大笑起来。 ? I‘m sorry that I cannot help you to finish the task.很抱歉，我不能帮你完成这个任务。 （三）动名词的复合结构 （1）动名词的复合结构有四种形式： ①形容词性物主代词+动名词； ②名词‘s+动名词； ③代词宾格+动名词； ④名词+动名词。动名词的复合结构可在句中作主语或宾语。作主语时，不能用③、④两种形式； 无生命名词无论是作主语还是作宾语都不能用第②种形式。动名词的复合结构，实际上是给动名词加 了一个逻辑主语。如： ? His/Jack‘s not getting to the station on time made all of us worried. 他/杰克没准时到火车站使得我们大家都很担心。 ? Do you mind my/me/Jack‘s/Jack leaving now?你介意我/杰克现在离开吗？ （四）动名词的时态? （1）在时态上，动名词有一般式（doing）和完成式（having done）两种形式。当动名词表示的动作 发生的时间不明确，或与谓语动作同时发生，或发生在谓语动作之后时，用动名词的一般式；当动名 词表示的动作发生在谓语动作之前时，常用动名词的完成式。如： ? I enjoy playing football.（playing 表示的时间概念不明确） ? He‘s been used to going to bed late.（going to bed 与 has been used to 同时发生） ? I‘m looking forward to seeing you soon.（seeing 发生在 am looking forward to 之后） ? I‘m sorry for not having kept my promise.（not having kept my promise 发生在 am sorry 之前） （2）需要特别注意的是，有时候通过上下文可以明显地看出动名词动作和谓语动作的先后时间关系， 或者在一些动词（如 remember，forget，regret）和动词短语（如 excuse sb. for，thank sb. for）中，尽 管动名词表示的动作发生在谓语动作之前，我们也常用其一般式来代替完成式，或者两种形式通用。 如： ? Thank you very much for having helped me a lot.= Thank you very much for helping me a lot. 谢谢你帮了我这么多忙。 （五）动名词的语态 （1）在语态上，动名词有主动式（doing，having done）和被动式（being done，having been done）。 主动式表示主动意义，被动式表示被动意义。如： ? He insisted on sending her to hospital.他坚持要把她送到医院去。
? He insisted on being sent to work in the countryside.他坚持要被派到乡下工
[即学即练]： 1）Mark often attempts to escape ____ whenever he breaks traffic regulations. A）having been fined B）to have been fined C）to be fined D）being fined 2）I really appreciate ____ to help me， but I am sure that I can manage by myself. A）you to offer B） that you offer C）your offering D）that you are offering 3）The thief took away the woman‘s wallet without____. A）being seen B）seeing C）him seeing D）seeing him 4）No one can avoid ____ by advertisements. A）to be influenced B）being influenced C）influencing D）having influenced 5）They are considering ____ before the prices go up. A）of buying the house B）with buying the house C）buying the house D）to buy the house 6）If I had remembered ____ the door, the things would not have been stolen.
A）to lock B）locking C）to have locked D）having locked 7）My transistor radio isn?t working. It ____. A）need repairing B）needs to repair C）needs repairing D）need to be repaired 8）It is no use ____ me not to worry. A）you tell B）your telling C）for you to have told D）having told 9）He is very busy ____ his papers。 He is far too busy ____ callers. A） to write ； to receive B） writing ； to receive C） writing ； receiving D） to write ； for receiving 10）The suspect at last admitted ____ stolen goods but denied ____ them. A）receiving…selling B ) to receive…to sell C）to receiving…to selling D）to have received…to have sold 11）She apologized for ____ to come. A）her not being able B）her being not able C）not being able D）that she‘s not able to 12）Please stop ____， boys， I have something important to ____ you. A）saying …talk B） telling … say C） talking …speak D） talking … tell 13）Tony， would you go and see if Sam has any difficulty ____ his tape recorder？ A）to fix B）fixing C）for fixing D）fix 14）I remember ____ to help us if we ever got in trouble. A）once offering B）him once offering C）him to offer D）to offer him 15）John regretted ____ to the meeting last week. A）not going B）not to go C）not having been going D）not to be going 16）Do you feel like. ____ out or would you rather ____ dinner at home？ A）going…to have B）to go…to have C）to go…having D）going…have 17）We had some trouble ____ the house and nobody seemed ____where it was. A）in finding…knowing B）finding…to know C）to find…knowing D）to find…to know 19）It is no good ____ remember grammatical rules。 You need to practise what you have learned. A）trying to B）to try to C）try to D）tried to 20) I don‘t like ____ at me. A）them laughing B) their laugh C）them laugh D）them to have laughed 21）We suggested ____ in hotels but the children were anxious ____ out. A）sleeping…to camp B）sleeping…camping C）to sleep…to camp D）to sleep…camping 22）The match was cancelled because most of the members ____ a match without a standard court. A）objected to having B）were objected to have C）objected to have D）were objected to having 23）After ____ him better， I regretted ____ him unfairly. A）getting to know…to judge B）getting to know…to have judged C）getting to have know…judging D）getting to know…having judged 24）He is looking forward to ____ his holiday in Britain. A）spend B）have spent C）spending D) having been spending 25）―Why were you so late for work today？‖―____ to the office was very slow this morning because of the traffic.‖ A）Driving B）I drove C）To drive D）That I drove 26）It was impolite of him ____without ____good－bye. A）to leave， saying B）leaving， to say C）to leave， to say D）leaving， saying 27） He kept ____to his parents. A）putting off to write B） to put off to write C）putting off writing D） to put off writing Keys：1-5 DCABC 6-10 ACBBA 11-15 ADBBA 16-20 DBAAA 21-27 AADCA/AC 二、课文要点 I 课文词汇等填空 Yuan Longping, the Father of 1 _____(超级杂交稻), is a famous scientist. he has _____2 (奋 斗)for the past five 3 (十年) for the Chinese farmers. In 1953 when Dr Yuan graduated from college, 4 (hungry) was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. ____5____, Yuan wanted to help ___6__(摆脱)his motherland of hunger by increasing the rice output without 7 (expand) the area of the fields and he made it. Dr Yuan‘s another dream is to 8 (出口) his rice to the world. Thanks 9 Dr Yuan, the UN has more tools in the battle against hunger ____10____the world. Keys：1.Super Hybrid Rice 2.struggled 3.decade 4.hunger 5.Therefore 6. rid 7.expanding 8.export 9. to 10.throughout
II 课文佳句背诵与仿写 1.【原句】Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for whom he has struggled for the past five decades. 事实上，他黑黝黝的脸和胳膊和他的苗条，强壮的身体就像那些数以百万计的中国农民的 一样，在过去 50 年来他一直为他们而奋斗。 [模仿要点] 句子结构： 主句，+ 介词+which 引导的定语从句 【模仿 a】在学校里，他学习许多科目，如中文，数学，英语，物理，化学，计算机等，其中他最喜 欢英语。 Keys：At school, he studies many subjects, such as Chinese, Maths, English, Physics, Chemistry, Computer and so on, of which he likes English best. 【模仿 b】他有许多爱好，如打篮球，读小说，唱英语歌曲，集邮，他最喜欢收集邮票。 Keys：He has various of hobbies, such as playing basketball, reading novels, singing English songs, collecting stamps, of which he likes collecting stamps best. 2． 【原句】Dr. Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice. 袁隆平博士种植被称之为高产量的杂交水稻。 [模仿要点] 句子结构：主句+what/whatever 引导的宾语从句 【模仿 a】学生喜欢生活中如何新的东西。 Keys：Students enjoy whatever is new in their life. 【模仿 b】通过考试，学生可以了解他们的弱点从而更加努力学习。 Keys：Through exams, students will learn what their weak points are and then study even harder. 3. 【原句】 Born into a poor farmer‘s family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated from Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. 1930 年出生于一个贫穷的农民家庭， ，袁博士于 1953 年毕业于西南农业大学。 [模仿要点] 句子结构： 过去分词作状语，+ 主句 【模仿 a】配备了电子词典，学生觉得学习英语更容易和更方便了。 Keys ： Equipped with electronic dictionaries, students find learning English much easier and more convenient. 【模仿 b】位于城市的中心地带，这座公园给市民带来很多享受。 Keys：Located in the centre of the city, the park provides much enjoyment to the citizens. Part Two 单元检测 Ⅰ. 基础测试 A. 单词拼写（请根据汉语提示写出单词的正确形式） 1. Our country has become self-sufficient in ______ (粮食). 2. The road signs _________(使糊涂) the driver. 3. The only way to do that is to ______ (减少) expenses. 4. The school _________(提供) books for children. 5. We took the opportunity to _______(交流) experience with them. 6.He has a (晒黑的) face and bright eyes. 7. The ________ (斗争) for independence was long and hard. 8. The factory must increase its ________(产量). 9. They ________(用掉) all their strength in trying to climb out. 10. Our army is well _______ (装备). Keys：1. grain 2. confused 3. increase 4. supplies 5. exchange 6. sunburnt 7. struggle 8. output 9. expanded 10. equipped B. 句型转换（根据 A 句句义，用适当的句型或短语完成 B 句,使其句义相同或相近） 11. A: Compared with maths I like English better. B: I _______ English ______ maths. 12. A: Even if he dies he won‘t give in. B: He ________ ______ die ______ give in. 13. A: We should save the sick free from pain. B: We should ______ the sick _____ pain. 14. A: He doesn‘t like to live a comfortable life. B: He doesn‘t ______ _____ living a comfortable life.
15. A: Dr Yuan has spent all his time on his research. B: Dr Yuan has _____ all his time ______ his research. Keys：11. prefer; to 12. would rather; than 13. rid; of 14. care about 15. devoted; to C. 完成句子 16. Sheep _____ ______(以? 为食)grass. 17. Since he came to this class, he hasn’t played ______ _______ (不再) as he did before. 18. _______ ________ (由于) his hard work, he achieved great success. 19. The policeman ______ (搜查) the thief ______ the lost money. 20. Please _______ _______ (参阅) your dictionaries if you meet new words. Keys：16. feed on 17. any longer 18. Thanks to 19. searched; for 20. refer to II. 单项选择 1. It is advised by health experts that windows should be opened now and then for air to _____, which makes the air in your room fresher. A. go though B. get through C. circulate D. spread around 2. --What do you think of bacteria, _____good or bad? --___ to say, but one thing is certain: without bacteria, the world would be quite different from what it is. A. Are they; hard B. Is it; hardly C. Is it; hard D. Are they; hardly 3. The widespread of super-hybrid rice around the world ______the lives of millions and millions of people suffering from hunger to a great level. A. improved B. is improving C. has improved D. has been improving 4. Look! What has happened. I‘d rather you ______ her about the bad news. A. would not tell B. hadn‘t told C. didn‘t tell D. hasn‘t told 5. Though the professor tried his best to explain the difficult question, the students still looked _____. A. confusing B. being confused C. to confuse D. confused 6. You are given only half an hour to finish your speech on the subject, so you‘d better not _____ it too far. A. expand B. extend C. enlarge D. increase 7. Though famous all over the world, Yuan Longping, sunburnt, ______ with his simple life and ____ in plain clothes, is still busy with his experiment to improve his super-hybrid rice. A. being satisfied; being dressed B. satisfying; dressing C. satisfied; dressed D. to be satisfied; to be dressed 8. Organic food is produced from crops _____ chemicals, pests and so on. In one word, it is free from pollution of any kind. A. that is free from B. free of C. free with D. which are free of 9. ---―Tom spends too much and I am going to rid him _____ his pocket money.‖ the father said angrily. ---―No, No, you can‘t but you can _____ the amount.‖ A. from; cut down B. of; reduce C. with; lessen D. for; decrease 10. Famous as he is, he still _____ a simple life, riding his motorcycle to do farm work and entertaining himself with his violin in his spare time. Which of the following is not OK? A. leads B. lives C. has D. makes 11. It is generally believed that ______a piece of field is, ______ it produces. A. the more fertile; the higher output of grain B. more fertile; more output of grain C. the fertile; the higher output of grain D. the fertile; the more grain output 12. The father has been ____ for many years in order that his only son can be ____ with higher education. A. fighting; served B. struggling; equipped C. working; offered D. laboring; received 13. –What do you think of the bottled water? --I don‘t like it at all. It is reported that much nutrition, including some minerals, _____ while it is being processed. A. are ridded of B. are gotten rid of C. gets rid of D. is ridded of 14. Statistics show that in the past three decades grain production around the world has ______ sharply but it still can‘t ______ the rapid growth of population, as a result, a lot of people in undeveloped countries
have to go hungry. A. expanded; keep in touch with B. increased; keep pace with C. grown; keep up with D. accumulated; catch up with 15. I regret ______ you that my daughter has already regretted ______ out with you. So leave her alone and don‘t bother her any more. A. telling; dating B. to tell; to date C. to tell; dating D. telling; to date 16. It was reported that the plane I was to have taken crashed soon after it took off. _______ the traffic jam, I was five minutes late for the plane. A. As a result of B. Thanks to C. Because of D. on account of 17. The operation room in every hospital has to _______bacteria of any kind so that the patient being operated on doesn‘t get infected. A. keep free from B. make it free from C. to be made free with D. be kept free from 18. In his summary of the causes that _______the Industrial Revolution in England in the 18 th century, he said it was the accumulated capital that played the most important part. A. resulted from B. led to C. happened D. took place 19. Just as exercise helps _______our bodies, reading helps _____ our mind, broadening our vision into the world A. found; found B. to put up; to put up C. to build up; to build up D. to set up; to set up 20. ---Would you like to ______the performance of newly developed energy-saving device? ---Sorry, but I am not in the position to ______. A. make a comment on; comment B. have a comment with; comment on C. build up comments on; comment on D. come up with a comment on; comment Keys：1—5 CACBD 6—10 ACDBD 11-15 ABDBC 16—20 BDBCA III.完形填空 字数：173 完成时间：13 分钟 难度：*** Parents usually have the test intentions when it comes to making sure their kids are growing up healthy. But it can be a 21 , especially with a picky eater or a child who 22 videogames to playing outdoors. The reality is that exhausted and overworked parents often 23 making food choices based on 24 -- serving the meal that's most appealing, not necessarily the most nutritious, or 25 it in front of a TV. Such habits take a toll. Last year, the International Obesity Task Force 26 that more than 35 percent of American children ranging from 6 to 17 exceed- ed their ideal body weight, which can 27 to serious long-term health problems like heart disease and diabetes (糖尿病), as well as 28 and low self-esteem (自尊). Good health choices can also 29 a long way -- not just toward physical health, but mental health and intellectual success, too. Researchers at the Medical College of Georgia found last year that kids who play vigorously (精神旺盛地) for 20 to 40 minutes actually do 30 in school and are happier. 21. A. coincidence B. challenge C. difficulty D. puzzle 22. A. prefers B. devotes C. contributes D. addicts 23. A. start with B. insist on C. object to D. end up 24. A. nutrition B. menu C. convenience D. preference 25. A. offering B. showing C. having D. sharing 26. A. predicted B. estimated C. valued D. proclaimed 27. A. stick B. tend C. see D. lead 28. A. oppression B. desperation C. depression D. repression 29. A. come B. go C. find D. extend 30. A. better B. faster C. more D. earlier Keys：21. B。 考查语境理解。―父母希望孩子健康成长，特别对挑食者或喜欢游戏而不喜欢户外运 动的孩子来说，是一个挑战。‖ 22. A。 考查语境与动词短语。prefer … to …, ―喜欢……胜过……‖； devote…to… ―投身于‖；contribute…to…―对……做出贡献‖； addict to… ―沉迷于……‖。23. D。 考
查语境理解。start with ―以……开始‖; insist in 坚持；object to 反对；end up 以……结束. ―疲惫不堪、工 作过度的父母们最终根据便利性做出食物选择‖。24. C。考查语境理解。nutrition 营养； menu 菜单.； convenience 方便、便利； preference 偏爱。25. A。 考查语境理解。 offer 提供， ―在看电视节目时父母 主动提供食物‖。 26. B。 考查语境理解。6-7 岁的美国孩子中 35%以上孩子超出了他们的理想体重。27. D。 考 查 语 境理解。stick to 坚持； tend to 趋向；see to 注意、负责； lead to 导致。28. C。 考查语境理解。引起 的健康问题是 depression （沮丧、 消沉） ， 与后面的 low self-esteem （自尊心低下） 并列。 desperation 绝 望 disappointment 失望。29. B。 考查语境理解。良好的健康选择任重道远。extend 延伸。30. A。考查 语境理解。从后面的 happier 可知，应用比较级。尽情玩 20-40 分钟的孩子在校的表现更好。 Part Three 拓展练习 I. 阅读理解 （一） As a boy, Sanders was much influenced(影响) by books about the sea, but by the age of fifteen he had decided to become a doctor rather than a sailor. His father was a doctor. So he was often with the doctors and got along very well with them. When he was fourteen, he was already hanging around the hospital where he was supposed to be helping to clean the medicine bottles, but was actually trying to listen to the doctors‘ conversations with patients in the next room.
During the war Sanders served in the army as a surgeon(外科医生). “That was the happiest time of my life. I was dealing with real sufferers and on the whole making a success of my job.‖ In Rhodes he taught the country people simple facts about medicine. He saw himself as a life-saver. He had proved his skill to himself and had a firm belief that he could serve those who lived simply, and were dependent upon him. Thus, while in a position to tell them what to do he could feel he was serving them. After the war, he married and set up a practice deep in the English countryside, working under an old doctor who hated the sight of blood. This gave the younger man plenty of opportunity(机会) to go on working as a life-saver.
61. When he was a small boy, books about the sea had made Sanders want to be ___. A. a surgeon B. an army man C. a sailor D. a life-saver 62. At the age of 14, Sanders ___. A. worked as a doctor by cleaning the medicine bottle B. met some doctors who were very friendly to him C. was interested in talking with patients D. remained together with the doctors 63. His experience in the Army proved that ___. A. he was good at medical operations on the wounded B. he succeeded in teaching people how to save their lives themselves C. a doctor was the happiest man D. his wish of being a life-saver could hardly come true 64. Having proved his skill to himself, Sanders ___. A. wanted to live a simple life like a countryman B. came to realize that he was really working for his countrymen C. taught himself life-saving D. was highly respected by the old doctor 65. When the war was over, he ___. A. learned from an old doctor because he was popular B. started to hate the sight of blood while working C. served the countrymen under an old doctor who needed someone to help him D. had few chances to be a “life-saver” because he was younger Keys：61—65 CDABC （二） In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the film-maker Walter Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney‘s cartoon film for children. When Walter Disney heard Nash‘s voice, he said, “Stop! That‘s our duck!”
The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film, The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat and worn his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audiences liked him because he was lazy and greedy, and because he lost his temper very easily. And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey‘s eight nephews. Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn‘t a goody-goody, like Mickey. In the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, Donald and his friends Mickey, Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational film about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared—there were no more new cartoons. Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today‘s children can still see the old cartoons on the television and hear that famous voice. 66. Who made Donald Duck cartoons? A. Mickey Mouse. B. Clarence Nash. C. Walter Disney. D. Pluto. 67. When did the first Donald Duck film appear? A. In 1933 B. In 1934 C. In 1966 D. In 1965 68. Who was Clarence Nash? A. A cartoonist. B. A writer. C. A film maker. D. The man who made the voice for Donald Duck. 69. Where do today‘s children see Donald Duck cartoons? A. In new cartoons. B. At the cinema. C. On television. D. In the theatre. 70. Why did people like Donald better than Mickey Mouse? A. Probably because he was lazy and greedy. B. Probably because he wasn‘t a goody—goody like Mickey. C. Probably because he lost his temper very easily. D. Probably because he became angry with Mickey‘s eight nephews. Keys：66—70 CBDAB II. 短文改错（共 10 处） Helen was a twenty-years-old?year girl. She has?had never had a job before. Now she wanted to get a work?job. So she went to meet Mr. Black, the manager of ?+ a^ hotel. Mr. Black told her it was getting very busy in the hotel at?in the evening. He ask?asked her if she was interesting?interested in a part-time job. The girl said that she did?was. Then Mr. Black said she had to work very fast and that she must be there at six every afternoon and work from six to ten, from Monday to Friday. He offered her with 4.5 dollars an hour. Helen? + was pleased with the offer and decided to start work the next day.