---How to write a letter for advice
如何算是一篇好文章？ 要 －覆盖了所有的要点 点 －应用了较多的语法结构和词汇 全 词汇,句型 （高级）和语法 多样化（较复杂）语言地道
连 接 词
－有效地使用了语句间的连接成 分，使全文结构紧凑，行文连贯， 条理清楚。
写作要点： 1.建议信：作者就有关问题进行分析并针对 这些问题提出自己的看法和建议。 2. 对象： 1）写给个人，就其遇到的某个问题提出自己 的看法和观点； 2）写给某个组织和机构，就改进其服务提出 建议或忠告。
开头（beginning）---- 开门见山，向对方陈 述自己的观点.(state your idea) 主体(body)---- 对所提出的问题进行分析并说 明理由，接着提出自己的建议(reasons and evidence)
结尾(ending)---- 呼应开头，重申观点(restate your opinion.)
1）建议信要写出写信的原因，建议的内容，提出 建议的理由，提出的理由要入情入理，语气一定要 礼貌当先。因此建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、 具有合理性和说服力； 2）建议的角度要多样化，避免重复。可从政治、 经济、文化、伦理、法律以及个人等多角度给出建 议； 3）符合英文信件的基本格式； 4）基本时态多用一般现在时和一般将来时。
to know that … 2. I am very glad to hear that you want to… 3. I know you have trouble in…after reading your letter 4. I am writing to you for the purpose of …
1. After I read your letter in the newspaper, I am sorry
5. I am writing to share some advice/opinions with you.
6. You have asked me for some advice with regard to … and I will try to make some conductive suggestions. 7. You have asked me for my advice about/on …
1 .I think it would be more beneficial if you could … 2. I would like to suggest/recommend that… 3. If I were you, I would… 4. Why not …?/ How (What) about doing … First,/Firstly,/ Secondly,/ Then,/ After 5. …is a In good/great idea. Finally, /Meanwhile, that,/ the end,/ 6. You may more,/ consider doing … /What’s 7. It would seem/seems to me Furthermore, that you could …… In addition,/ Besides,/ 8. In my opinion, it would be wise to take the following action. 9. When it comes to such a situation, I would like to suggest that you should…
1. I believe you will take my advice into account/ consideration.
2. I hope you will find these proposals/ suggestions/
recommendations practical/ useful/ helpful. 3. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. 4. I would appreciate it very much if you could consider
5. I feel that it would be beneficial if you stick to it. 6. In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions useful.
假如你叫孙军，是红星高中的学生，要给市长 写一封信，反映学校门前交通拥挤现象，包括 以下要点： 问题 建议
学校和一所小学毗邻，对着 政 府 应采 取 措施 , 大街，高峰期交通繁忙；加 如修天桥等。 之孩子小 , 家长接送。交通 更拥挤；学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。 参考词汇: 穿行 thread one’s way 天桥 overpass
要写的文章主题是什么 (topic) 建议政府采取措施舒缓交
怎样安排信息点的顺序？ (order) 动作是什么时候发生的？(时态) (when)
Step 1 List the key points
Step 2 Make sentences
Step3. Form a passage and polish
I am writing to express my views concerning
First and for the most, _______(建议一). In
addition, _____(建议二). What’s more _____(建议三).
I hope you’ll find these proposals useful.
Dear____, You have asked me for my advice with regard to _____, and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions here. In my humble opinion(以我拙见), you would be wise to take the following actions: _____. I hope you’ll find these proposals useful and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details. Good luck with you / your ______(祝愿). Yours sincerely Li Ming
Dear Bob, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to (引出主题). Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to . Then, it also helps to . Besides, it should be a good idea to . You can also . (此三句不同的句式提出建议) As to , I suggest (有时根据需要 具体到某一反面). In addition, (其他建议). I'm sure (预测可能的结果，给对方以 行动的信心和决心). I'm looking forward to (表达愿望). Sincerely yours, Li Hua
学校和一所小学毗 政府应采取措施 , 邻，对着大街，高 如修天桥等。 峰期交通繁忙；加 之孩子小 , 家长接 送。交通更拥挤； 学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。
stand next to… primary… face/be faced with… the main street… 推荐句型：There be+并列句 There’s a primary school near our school, and both schools face the main street. 非谓语结构 Our school stands next to a primary school, faced with/facing the main street. Standing next to a primary school, our school is faced with/faces the main street.
将介词短语提前（全倒装） Next to a primary school stands/lies/is our school
, faced with / facing a main street.
可将stand next to替换为高级词汇/短语 be located next to (near/beside/by) border/adjoin vt. be adjacent to与…毗邻 在…对面 be opposite to
traffic…. during the rush hours The traffic is busy during the rush hours. During the rush hours, there is a lot of traffic. so…. that… During the rush hours, there are so many cars and buses going on the road that… with结构 With so many cars and buses going on the road, …
“高峰期”可意译: at peak time， a large current of cars and people “交通繁忙”可译为: traffic jam congestion 交通堵塞 be choke up with
be crammed with 被…堵塞/塞满
send…to…, fetch…. , which … Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier.
Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, making the traffic heavier.
加之孩子小，家长接送，交通更拥挤 What’s more, … pick up…. make…. To make things worse/ What’s worse, many parents coming to pick up their children make the street more crowded. In addition/ Additionally, many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier. What’s more, parents often attend their kids to school, resulting in more serious traffic jams. What makes things worse is that children have to be picked up by their parents owing to their young age.
The children are so young that parents have to send them to school and fetch them home, which makes/making the traffic heavier.
making the traffic heavier可意译为： making the situation more serious. making 可替换为： causing, leading to, resulting in “send…fetch…” 可替换为短语： pick up
学生过街在车辆中穿行危险 thread one’s way，when doing
固定句型It is +adj. for… to do…. It is dangerous for the students to thread their way among buses and cars when crossing the road.
灵活运用其它的短语进行意译： 1.Students are risking their lives to thread their way among cars. 2. Some are exposed to danger when crossing the ocean/ sea of cars. 适当增加形容词和副词： it is extremely dangerous，it is of great/ tremendous danger
? suggest/suggestion, take steps/ measures/ action to do… such as
简单句 I suggest that the government should take steps such as building an overpass. 表语从句 My suggestion is that the government should…
固定句型 It is high time that…(虚拟语气)
It is high time that relevant authorities took some measures like building…
1. In order to release the stress of traffic problems, … 3. Seeing these matters, never will I stop urging our government to take some measures. For the sake of improving the quality of traffic, it is significant to build…
2. Aimed at solving these problems, the government should…
?The government should pay more attention to it and try to solve it.
I strongly suggest…, active/effective measures
A. As a consequence B. According to the phenomenon stated above C. When it comes to traffic jams
D. What makes things worse is that Next to a primary school stands our school, facing a main street. ___________, it’s crammed with cars during the C. rush hour. _______________ children have to be picked up D. by their parents owing to their young age. ___________, A. it’s of great danger for the students to go through the traffic. _________________, it is high time that relevant B. authorities took some measures like building an overpass.
优点：考生能灵活地处理各个信息点，大量运用非谓语，介词短 语，从句，连词等来提亮句子，使得文章更彰显个性和语言功 底。
优点：考生的书面整洁，字体美观，运用there be 句型，介词短语，从句，非谓语，套用句式等来 提亮句子，使得文章更彰显内涵和语言功底。
优点：考生运用倒装句，so … that句式，精彩的 表达以及虚拟语气等来提亮句子，使得文章更彰 显内涵和语言功底。
优点：该考生最大的特色是运用了大量的高级词 汇等来提亮句子，使得文章更彰显深厚的语言底 蕴。
Congestion n. 阻塞, 拥挤, 充血
1. Heading 整 体 三 部 分
假定你是李华，你的英国朋友Peter来信向你咨询 如何才能学好中文。 注意：可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；开头语 已给出。 Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice no how to learn Chinese well.____ 参加中文学习班； _____________________________________________ 看电视，报纸，杂志； Best wishes, Li Hua
Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you'll be able to learn from the teachers and practice with your fellow students. Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers, and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you'll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. In addition, You can also make more Chinese friends. They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try writing to me in Chinese next time. Best wishes, Li Hua
为了迎接即将到来的期末考试，你校要取消所有的体 育课。请你以学生王丽的身份给校长写一封信，建议 不要取消体育课。 注意：1. 词数：120左右；
I’m writing to express my views concerning our school’s decision that all physical education should be cancelled.
when / after / before / until / not … until as soon as / later / afterwards / soon / lately / recently / since / eventually / from then on / in the meanwhile (meantime) / then / finally/ at last / all of a sudden / after a while / since then / immediately / instantly / every time / each time / the first time
● Firstly / First of all / To begin with / Above all / In the first place / On one hand For one thing, ● Secondly / Besides / Apart from… / What’s more, / In addition， / Furthermore, / Moreover，/ Worse still, / To make matters worse, / as well / On the other hand / For another thing, / Next, ● Finally / In the end / At last / Last but not least,
for example (instance) / such as / take … for example / that’s to say / in other words / as follows
if / unless / as long as / on condition that… /
since / as / because / for / thanks to / due to/ owing to / as a result of / for the reason that / now that / therefore / so / as a result
in fact / actually / as a matter of fact / to tell you the truth / to be honest /
however / but / on the contrary / nevertheless / instead / despite / in spite of (the fact that ) / whereas / though / although / as / even if (though) / while / in contrast / after all
For this reason / purpose, … For the purpose of … …… so that …… in order to / so as to……
As I have shown, …… / In short, / In brief, / In conclusion, / In a word, / On the whole, / All in all, / In general, / In summary, / As has been stated, ……
in other words / that is to say / to put it another way