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【步步高 学案导学设计】2014-2015学年高中英语(人教版,必修5)课时作业:Unit 5 Period One

Unit 5 First aid Period One Warming Up & Reading
Ⅰ.用适当的介、副词填空 1.You have three layers ________ skin which act ______ a barrier ________ disease,poisons and the sun’s harmful rays. 2.

First aid is a very important first step ________ the treatment ________ burns. 3. You can get burned ________ a variety ________ things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun,electricity and chemicals. 4.Burns are called first,second,or third degree burns,depending ________ which layers ________ the skin are burned. 5.These burns are not serious and should feel better ________ a day ________ two. 6. Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused ________ touching a hot pan, stove or iron ________ a moment. 7.Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck ________ the burn. 8.________ second degree burns,keep cloths cool ________ putting them back ________ a basin ________ cold water,squeezing them ________ and placing them ______ the burned area over and over again ________ about an hour until the pain is not so bad. 9.Hold the bandage ________ place ________ tape. 10.If burns are ________ the face,the victim should sit ________. Ⅱ.佳句翻译与仿写 1.The functions of your skin are also very complex:it keeps you warm or cool;... 翻译 ____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 闭上眼睛,我让你睁开时再睁开。 ________________________________________________________________________ 2.So as you can imagine,if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. 翻译 ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 我的汽车在周末被偷了。 ________________________________________________________________________ 3.Burns are called first,second or third degree burns,depending on which layers of the skin are burned. 翻译 ____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 这些动物的饮食随季节的不同而不同。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4.Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. 翻译____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 (1)仔细检查你的答案,必要的话,可以做些修改。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ (2)如果天气没有好转我就呆在家里。 ________________________________________________________________________ Ⅲ.单项填空

1.First ________ is a temporary form of help ________ to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. A.favor;to give B.benefit;giving C.aid;given D.help;give 2.Your skin can ________ your body losing too much water. A.keep B.prevent C.protect D.be stopped 3.So ________ you can imagine,if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. A.as B.it C.that D.which 4.It is best ________ burns under gently ________ water for about 10 minutes. A.place;run B.placed;ran C.placing;running D.to place;running 5.I have told you ________ but you still make the same mistake. A.over and over again B.again and again C.time and time again D.all of the above 6.The man got ________ in the mire (泥潭),and started falling. A.stick B.sticking C.stuck D.struck 7.Hold the bandage ________ with tape. A.in place B.in the place C.out of place D.out of the place 8.If burns are on arms or legs,keep them higher than the heart,________. A.if it possible B.if possible C.if you are possible D.if is possible 9.Sam ________ a kettle full of boiling water onto his legs. A.got over B.knocked out C.took over D.knocked over 10.While ________ clothes,Miss Good accidentally touched the iron. A.ironing B.iron C.ironed D.to iron Ⅳ.阅读理解

First aid means the aid or help that can be given to an injured person first,that is,before any other help arrives.Nowadays there is usually a telephone not far away and the first thing we should do,if a serious accident happens,is to telephone for an ambulance.Sometimes quick action by us may save someone’s life. Shock People often suffer from shock after receiving an injury,sometimes even when the injury is a small one.The face turns grey,and the skin becomes damp and cold.They breathe quickly.They should be kept warm.Cover them with a blanket and give them a warm drink. Broken bones Do not move the patient.Send for an ambulance at once.Treat for shock if necessary. Bleeding A little bleeding does no harm.It washes dirt from the wound.But if the bleeding continues,try to stop it by placing a clean cloth firmly over the wound until the bleeding stops or help arrives. Poison A person who has taken poison should be taken to a hospital at once.With some poisons, sleeping pills, for example, it is a good thing to make the patient sick by pressing your fingers down his throat. Remember:When an accident happens,send someone to telephone for an ambulance at once.Keep the injured person warm and quiet.Give him plenty of air.Do not let other people crowd around him. 1.According to the passage when a serious accident happens,the first thing we should do is to ________. A.take some actions


B.save the life of the injured person C.phone for an ambulance D.keep the injured person warm and quiet 2.Which of the following statements is NOT true? A.First aid means giving the injured person the aid or help at once before the doctor comes. B.When a person has broken his legs,we should send him to hospital at once. C.A little bleeding does no harm because the blood can wash dirt from the wound. D.When a person has taken poison,you should take him to hospital at once. 3.Why can’t an injured person be crowded by people around him? A.Because the people around him may hurt him. B.Because he needs plenty of air and to be quiet. C.Because they will be in the way of the ambulance. D.Because they will disturb his rest. 4.The passage mainly tells us________. A.some advice on how to deal with common accidents B.some facts about some common accidents C.something we must remember D.some examples of common accidents apply v.应用,运用,适用;申请,请求。 生义:vt.涂,敷,搽 1.This rule applies to all students. 这项规定适用于所有学生。 2.How can I apply for an online course? 我该如何申请在线课程? 3.Don’t forget to apply the night cream before bed time.睡前不要忘记涂晚霜。

答案 Ⅰ.1.of;as;against 2.in;of 3.by;of 4.on;of 5.within;or 6.by;for 7.to 8.For; by;in;of;out;on;for 9.in;with 10.on;up Ⅱ.1.皮肤的功能十分复杂: 它可以保暖或御寒; …… Keep your eyes closed until I tell you to open them. 2.因此,你可以想象的到,如果你的皮肤烧伤了就可能非常严重。 My car got stolen at the weekend. 3.根据皮肤烧伤的层次烧伤分为一度烧伤,二度烧伤和三度烧伤。 The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season. 4.除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上,否则都要把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话,可以使用剪刀。 (1)Check your answers carefully and make some changes if necessary. (2)I’ll stay at home unless the weather gets better. Ⅲ.1.C [first aid 急救;第二个空用过去分词短语作后置定语。] 2.B [keep...from doing sth. = prevent/stop...(from) doing sth. 阻 止 做 某 事 ; protect...from/against...保护……免受……伤害。] 3.A [此处是 as 引导的非限制性定语从句,as 指代整个主句的内容。that 不能引导非限 制性定语从句;which 可引导非限制性定语从句,但不能位于句首。] 4.D [It is best (for sb.)to do sth.(某人)最好去做某事;running water 流动的水;自来水。] 5.D [A、B、C 三项都表示“再三,反复”之意。] 6.C [get/be stuck in... 卡住,陷入……。]

7.A [in place 在适当的位置,适当;out of place 位置不当,不得体,不适当。] 8.B [把 B 项补充完整为:if it is possible,常省略为 if possible。] 9. D [此处 knock over 表示“打翻, 撞倒”。 get over 克服, 从(疾病等)中恢复常态; knock out 把……淘汰出(比赛),使震惊;take over 接收,接管。] 10.A [当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致,且从句中有 be 动词时,可以省略从句的 主语和 be 动词。此句的完整形式为:While she was ironing clothes,Miss Good accidentally touched the iron.] Ⅳ.1.C [细节理解题。根据第一段的第二句“Nowadays there is usually a telephone not far away and the first thing we should do,if a serious accident happens,is to telephone for an ambulance.”可知答案是打电话找救护车。] 2. B [细节理解题。 根据文章第三段中的“Do not move the patient.Send for an ambulance at once.”可知当时需要做的是找救护车,并且不能随便移动病人。B 项的表述与此相悖,故选 B 项。] 3.B [细节理解题。从最后一段可知正确选项为 B 项。] 4.A [主旨大意题。本文是说明文,根据文章的结构可以看出 A 项为正确选项。]


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