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Book 1 Unit 3 Travel journal


Unit 3

Travel journal

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.Whatarethe____________(优势)and__________(劣势) oflivinginthecountry? 2. He____________(毕业)fromafamousuniversity.After____________(毕业), hewent

abroad. 3.Hewasso__________(固执的) thatheinsistedon____________(组织) thetripbyhimself. 4.Wecan’tdrink________(沸腾的) water,butwecandrink________(煮过的) water. 5.Whatisyour________(态度) towardsweatherforecast(预报)? Ⅱ.选词填空 befondof,eversince,asusual,dreamabout,atmidnight 1.Don’t________________makingbigmoneywithouthardwork. 2.Hecameback________________,orrather,earlythenextmorning. 3.________________Iwasathighschool,Ihavegotajobintheschoolnewspaper. 4.Althoughitwasrainingheavily,hecametoschoolearly________________. 5.Theboy________________playingthepiano.Hehasagiftformusic. Ⅲ.完成句子 1.让一个淘气的男孩对读书感兴趣不容易。 Itisnoteasyto______________________________inreading. 2.跟老师谈话以后,我决心更加努力学习。 ________________tomyteacher,Imadeupmymindtostudyevenharder. 3.那位妇女似乎担心她儿子的安全。 Thewoman________________________aboutherson’ssafety. 4.这把椅子看上去很硬,但坐起来很舒服。 Thechairlooksratherhard,butitisvery________________________. 5.不管他工作多努力,他就是得不到提升。 ________________howhardheworks,hecannotgetapromotion. Ⅳ.单项填空 1.Thebridgeprojecthasalreadybeenfinishedninemonthsaheadof________. A.scheduleB.guidance C.procedureD.project 2.Isuggestyoubuythe________againsttrafficaccident. A.safetyB.safe C.insuranceD.peace 3 . Despitesuchabigdifferencein________towardswhatoneeats thereisnodoubtthatpeopleinthewestregardtheChinesefoodassomethingspecial. A.pointB.idea C.attitudeD.sight 4.Theywerestuckin________jamandmissedtheirflight. A.trafficB.transportation C.transportD.cars 5.Michaelneverdreamedof________forhimtobesentabroadverysoon. A.beingachanceB.there’sachance C.theretobeachanceD.therebeingachance 6.—Haveyouknowneachotherforlong? —Notverylong,________westartedtoworkinthecompany. A.afterB.beforeC.whenD.since



7.________,themotherwouldreadstorybookstothechildbeforehewenttosleep. A.InfactB.Asusual C.TobehonestD.Believeitornot 8.________theproblemmaybe,wemustsolveitourselves.(2011· 山东威海一轮验收) A.Whateverdifficult B.Howdifficult C.Howeverdifficult D.Nomatterwhatdifficult 9.Doyouthinkthewaterissafe________? A.drinkingB.todrink C.tobedrunkD.tobedrinking 10.Icouldhearthenoiseofthedoor________whenhecameback. A.beingopenedB.tobeopenedC.openedD.opening

1.prefervt.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) ________n.偏爱;爱好;喜爱 【归纳拓展】 ?sb.todo...喜欢做??,愿意做?? ? prefer? ? ?that从句 preferdoingsth.todoingsth.和做某事相比更喜欢做某事 prefertodosth.ratherthando...更喜欢做某事,而不?? Somepeopleeatwiththeireyes.Theyprefertoorderwhatlooksnice.(2010· 四川,6) 一些人凭眼睛来吃饭,他们喜欢点看起来好看的菜。 【活学活用】 (1)Shepreferredtogowithusratherthanstaybehind. =Shepreferred____________usto________behind. 她宁愿和我们一起去,而不愿意留下。 (2)HechoseSpain,butpersonallyI’d________________________Greece. 他选择了西班牙,而我个人更愿意去希腊。 (3)I__________________________come. 我宁愿她不来。 (4)Heprefers________lecturestothestudentsto________todifferentboringconferences. A.togive;beinvitedB.give;beinvited C.giving;beinvitedD.giving;beinginvited 2.persuadevt.说服;劝说;使相信 ________n.说服;信服 ________adj.有说服力的 【归纳拓展】 persuadesb.todosth.=persuadesb.intodoingsth.说服某人做某事 persuadesb.nottodosth.=persuadesb.outofdoingsth.说服某人不做某事 persuadesb.ofsth.使某人相信某事 persuadesb.that...使某人相信?? Hefinallypersuadedhisbosstofollowitup.(2009· 安徽,阅读理解 C) 他最终说服他的老板贯彻下去。 【活学活用】 (1)Don’tletyourself________________________________________buyingthingsyoudon’tre allywant.

不要被说服去购买那些你其实不需要的东西。 (2)Ifinallymanagedto______________________foradrinkwithme. 最后我设法说服她和我一起去喝了点东西。 (3)Wefinally________thepeasanttosendhisdaughtertoschool.(2011· 济宁调研) A.expressedB.organized C.persuadedD.preferred 3.determinev.决定,确定,下定决心 ________adj.(作表语)已下决心的 ________n.决定,决心,果断 【归纳拓展】 “决定做某事”常见的表达方式有: determinetodosth. determineon (doing) sth. bedeterminedtodosth. makeadeterminationtodosth. Theyweredeterminedtofindoutifshereallywasawitch.(2009· 江西,阅读理解 A) 他们决定去探究她是否真的是巫婆。 【活学活用】 (1)What________her________marryhim? 是什么使她下定决心嫁给他的? (2)We____________________anearlystart. 我们决定早些动身。 (3)—Whatabouttheperson? —Seldominallmylife________sucha______person. A.Imet;determining B.Ihavemet;determining C.didImeet;determined D.haveImet;determined 4.careabout 关心;介意;在乎;忧虑;惦念 【归纳拓展】 carefor 喜欢或喜好??(多用于否定句、疑问句);照顾;照看 Whocares?谁在乎?管它呢! takecareof=lookafter 照顾 withcare 小心地 (1)Theonlythingthemiddleagedwomancaresaboutismoney, soshedoesn’tcareaboutsuchthings. 这位中年妇女唯一在意的东西是钱,因此她不在乎这些事情。 (2)Youruncleseemstobeexpertatcaringforpandas. 你叔叔好像很擅长照料大熊猫。 【活学活用】 (1)Whatthey________________washowwarmthepeoplewereinthehouseandhowmuchoftheirh eartwasaccessible.(2009· 福建,完形填空) 他们在意的是全家人聚在一起的温情和心灵相通的程度。 (2)—That’salovelydress! —Doyouthinkso?Myauntgaveittomeformybirthday, butIdon’t________thecolor.(2011· 银川 模拟) A.interestinB.carefor C.takecareofD.fondof 5.makeupone’smind 下定决心 【归纳拓展】 changeone’smind 改变主意 mind+n./doing/+从句 介意(做)某事

readone’smind 看出某人的心思 keepone’smindonsth.全神贯注于某事 keep...inmind 把??记住 注意:makeupone’smind 和 changeone’smind 中 mind 有数的变化。 对 Doyoumind... ? 的 回 答 , 表 示 同 意 时 用 No , notatall./Certainly not./Ofcoursenot./Goahead.等。 表示不同意时一般说 I’dratheryoudidn’t, 然后给出具体的理由。 【活学活用】 (1)________thepurpose____________,hedevotedhimselftohisstudies. 抱着这个目的,他全身心地投入到学习中。 (2)Haveyoumadeupyourmind____________? 你已经拿定主意做什么了吗? (3)—Haveyou________tokeepawayfromthenetbar? —Yes.Andallmyfriendshave________tohelpme. A.madeupyourmind;madeuptheirmind B.madeupyourmind;decided C.determined;madeuptheirmind D.madeupyourmind;madeuptheirminds 6.givein 投降;屈服,让步;递交,呈送 【归纳拓展】 giveinto...对??屈服,让步 givesb./sth.away 赠送,捐赠;泄露(某事);出卖(某人) giveoff 放出,排放(烟雾、气味等) giveup 放弃;停止;戒除(习惯等) giveback 归还;恢复 givewayto...给??让路 givethoughtto 考虑?? Ithasbeen2yearssincehegaveupsmoking. 他戒烟已经两年了。 【活学活用】 (1)I________________temptationandhadacigarette. 我抵制不住诱惑,吸了一支烟。 (2)Someoneinthegroup______________________tothepolice. 团伙中有人向警察告发了他。 (3)I’ve________themattercareful________. 我对这事认真考虑过了。 (4)Ifwe________tohim,hewillonlymakefurtherdemands.(2011· 东营月考) A.giveupB.giveaway C.giveoutD.givein 7.Eversincemiddleschool,mysisterWangWeiandIhavedreamedabouttakingagreatbiketrip. 译文___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 句式提取:完成时+eversince eversince 从那时起;??以来,通常与完成时连用。since 可单独使用,其后跟从句或 省略的从句。 常用句型: Itis/hasbeen+一段时间+since+从句(从句用一般过去时)自从??有多长时间了 Itis/hasbeen3yearssinceIjoinedthearmy.我当兵已经三年了。 【活学活用】 (1)Itis/hasbeen3yearssinceI________________________. 我不当兵已经三年了。 (2)Johnpromisedhisdoctorhewouldnotsmoke , andhehasneversmoked________________.(2008· 北京,21)

约翰答应医生他不再吸烟了,从那以后,他再也没有吸过烟。 (3)Hissisterlefthomein1998,and__________eversince. A.hadnotbeenheardof B.hasnotbeenheardof C.hadnotheardof D.hasnotheardof 8 . Althoughshedidn’tknowthebestwayofgettingtoplaces sheinsistedthatsheorganizethetripproperly. 译文__________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 句式提取:insistthatsb.(should) dosth. insistonsth.坚决主张 insistondoingsth.坚持要求做某事 insistthat...坚持说,坚持认为(真实语气) Sheinsistedongoingthere. 她坚持(硬)要去那里。 【活学活用】 (1)Iinsistedthat____________________thereontime.我坚决要求你准时到那里去。 (2)Heinsistedthat________________________. 他坚持说他的回答是正确的。 (3)Themaninsisted______ataxiformeeventhoughItoldhimIlivednearby. A.findB.tofind C.onfindingD.infinding



[写作句型公式] 1.主语+谓语+百分数/倍数/具体数量+形容词比较级+than+比较的对象 Sheisthreeinchestallerthanme. =Sheistallerthanmebythreeinches. 她比我高 3 英寸。 2.主语+谓语+倍数+thesize/length/width/height+of+比较的对象 Theoutputofthisyearis3timesthatof2009. =Theoutputofthisyearis3timeswhatitwasin2009. 今年的产量是 2009 年的三倍。 Ourbuildingistwicetheheightofyours. =Ourbuildingistwiceastallasyours. 我们房子的高度是你们房子高度的两倍。 3.as+形容词+as+数量词=数量词+形容词 Thebuildingisastallas100meters. =Thebuildingis100meterstall. 这栋楼高达一百米。 [日常交际用语] 5.“Howcome?”:usedtoasksomeonewhysomethinghashappened 怎么会??? HowcomeTyler ’sstillhere? 泰勒怎么还在这儿? 6.greenwithenvy:envyingsomeonealot 非常嫉妒;非常羡慕

Heboughtanewcarandhiscolleaguesweregreenwithenvy. 他买了辆新车,他的同事们都非常羡慕他。

答案
课前准备区 Ⅰ.1.advantages ; disadvantages 2.graduated ; graduation 3.stubborn ; organizing 4.boiling;boiled 5.attitude Ⅱ.1.dreamabout 2.atmidnight 3.Eversince 4.asusual 5.isfondof Ⅲ.1.getanaughtyboyinterested 2.Aftertalking 3.seemedtobeworried 4.comfortabletositon 5.Nomatter Ⅳ.1.A [句中 ahead of schedule 意为“提前”,其他不合句意。] 2.C [insurance 保险。句意为:我建议你买交通事故安全保险。] 3.C [attitude 态度。句意为:尽管在对待人吃什么的态度上有很大不同,但毫无疑 问西方人认为中国的食物是很特别的。] 4.A [traffic 指路上的行人、车辆等,符合本句意思;而 transport 指运输工具。] 5.D [of 后不跟从句,但可跟动名词复合结构作宾语。] 6.D [回答省略了主句,而主句为现在完成时,故用 since。] 7.D [D 项表示“信不信由你”。] 8. C [句意为: 不管问题有多难, 我们都应独立解决。 difficult 为形容词, 因此用 how 修饰,表示程度。however 在这里没有转折的意思,相当于 no matter how,因此答案为 C。] 9.B [be+adj.+to do,此处应用不定式主动形式表被动。] 10.A [由于前面的介词 of,故后面用动名词,the door 为动名词前的逻辑主语。] 课堂活动区 1.preference 活学活用 (1)goingwith;staying (2)prefertogoto (3)preferhernotto (4)D [由 prefer doing sth.to doing sth.结构可知应选 D 项。] 2.persuasion;persuasive 活学活用 (1)bepersuadedinto (2)persuadehertogoout (3)C [句意为:我们最终说服了那位农民送他女儿去上学。persuade sb.to do sth.说 服某人做某事。] 3.determined;determination 活学活用 (1)determined;to (2)determinedon (3)D [因 seldom 置于句首,所以应部分倒装。答句句意为:——在我的一生中,我 很少见到过如此有决心的人。表对现在造成的影响,故用现在完成时。] 4.活学活用 (1)caredabout (2)B [此空应是谓语动词且作“喜欢”讲,故选 care for 喜欢。] 5.活学活用 (1)With;inmind (2)whattodoyet (3)D [由句意可知,两个空的意思都应是“下决心”,且第二个空 mind 应为复数。] 6.活学活用

(1)gaveinto (2)gavehimaway (3)given;thought (4)D [give in to sb.向某人让步。] 7.自高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次了不起的自行车旅行。 活学活用 (1)wasasoldier/inthearmy (2)eversince (3)B [此处指“自从那时起,从来没有被听说过”,应用现在完成时,且 hear of 和主语 为动宾关系,故选 B 项。] 8.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅行安排得尽善 尽美。 活学活用 (1)you(should)go (2)hisanswerwasright (3)C [insist 后常接从句或 on doing 结构,不接不定式或 in doing 结构。]

课时规范训练
Ⅰ.单项填空(建议用时 8′) 1.Notuntilthemotorbikelookedalmostnew________repairingandcleaningit. (2011· 德州调研) A.hestoppedB.didhestop C.stoppedheD.hedidstop 2.Theyoungladyprefersdressingupforapartyto________byothers. A.benoticedB.beingnoticed C.havingbeennoticedD.havebeennoticed 3.Hetrustsyou,soonlyyoucan________himtogiveupthatcrazyidea.(2011· 枣庄月考) A.temptB.persuade C.adviseD.trytopersuade 4.Withthatcalmand________expressionofhers,ouranxietyalmostdisappearedintotheair. A.confusingB.determined C.opposingD.confused 5.Hethinksonlyofhimself;hedoesn’t________otherpeople. A.careaboutB.carefor C.careofD.careto 6.Nomatterwhatyoudo,youmust________yourmind________it.(2010· 济南统考) A.put;toB.keep;on C.apply;onD.put;into 7.Whatshallweuseforpowerwhenalltheoilintheworldhas________? A.givenoutB.putout C.heldupD.usedup 8.—________whenhasthecountrybeenopentointernationaltrade? —1978,Isuppose. A.SinceB.InC.FromD.After 9.Saminsistedthathe________thelawand________. A.didn’tbreak;mustn’tbepunished B.doesn’tbreak;shouldn’tpunish C.hadn’tbroken;benotpunished D.hadn’tbroken;notbepunished 10.WhatIneedis________bookthatcontains________ABCofoilpainting. (2011· 衡水一中统考) A.a;/ B.the;/C.the;anD.a;the 11.—I’vegotacoughandmychesthurts. —________.Letmeexamineyou. A.Don’tmind B.Youshouldlearntoprotectyourself C.Takeiteasy D.Keepcalm.Youwillrecoversoon 12.Forests________andburnedatsuchaspeedthattheywilldisappearfromtheearthinthefuture. A.cutB.arecut C.arebeingcutD.hadbeencut 13.Leaveyourkeywithaneighbor________youlockyourselfoutoneday. (2010· 南安联考) A.eversinceB.evenifC.soonafterD.incase 14.—Isawnomorethanonemotorcarinthatshop.Willyougoandbuy________? —No,I’dratherbuy________inothershops.

A.one;oneB.it;oneC.one;itD.it;it 15.—Look!He’srunningsofast! —Hardto________hislegswereoncebroken. A.knowB.imagineC.realizeD.find Ⅱ.阅读理解(建议用时 8′)

Scientistshavecreatedawaytocontrolarobotwithsignalsfromhumanbrain. Bygeneratingtheproperbrainwaves—pickedupbyacapwithelectrodes ( 电 极 ) thatsensethesignalsandreflectaperson’sinstructions—scientistscaninstructahumanoid( 类 人 的 ) robottomovetospecificlocationsandpickupcertainobjects. Thecommandsarelimitedtomovingforward , pickinguponeoftwoobjectsandbringingittooneoftwolocations.Theresearchershaveachieved94perce ntaccuracybetweenthethoughtcommandsandtherobot’smovements. “Thisisreallyaproofofconceptdemonstration , ”saidRajeshRao , aresearcherfromtheUniversityofWashingtonwholeadstheproject.“Itsuggeststhatonedaywemightbe abletousesemiautonomousrobotsforsuchjobsashelpingdisabledpeopleorperformingroutinetasksina person’shome.” Thepersonwearingtheelectrodecapwatchestherobot’smovementsonacomputerscreenthroughtw ocamerasinstalledonandabovetherobot. Whentherobot’scamerasseetheobjectsthataretobepickeduptheypassontheinformationtotheuser’ scomputerscreen.Eachobjectlightsuprandomlyonthecomputerscreen.Whenapersonwantssomething pickedupandithappenstolightup , thebrainregisterssurpriseandsendsthisbrainactivitytothecomputerandthentotherobot.Therobotthenpr oceedstopickuptheobject. Asimilaralgorithm(计算程序) isusedtodecidewheretherobotwillgo. “Oneoftheimportantthingsaboutthisdemonstrationisthatwe’reusinga‘noisy’ brainsignaltocontroltherobot , ”Raosaid.“Thatmeanswecanonlyobtainbrainsignalsindirectlyfro msensorsonthesurfaceofthehead , notwheretheyaregenerateddeepinthebrain.Asaresult , theusercanonlygeneratehighlevelcommandssuchasindicatingwhichobjecttopickuporwhichlocation togoto,andtherobotneedstobeautonomousenoughtobeabletoexecutesuchcommands.” Inthefuture , theresearchershopetomaketherobotsmoreadaptivetotheenvironmentbyhavingthemcarryoutmoreco mplexcommands.(2011· 烟台调研) 16.Whatisspecialabouttherobotintroducedinthepassage? A.Itiscontrolledbyhumanthoughts. B.Itcanbemadehumanoid. C.Itcanbeusedtohelpthedisabled. D.Ithashighintelligenceitself. 17.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEabouttherobot? A.Itcanmoveforwardandbackwardandpickuptwoobjectsatthesametime. B.Itcanmoveforward,pickupbothobjectsandbringthemtoeitherlocation. C.Itcanonlymoveforward,pickuponeobjectandputitinonelocation. D.Itcanreadallhumanthoughtdemandsanddoasinstructed. 18.WhatRaosaidsuggeststhatthenewrobot________. A.isstillatitsearlystageofdevelopment B.willbewidelyusedinourdailyroutinesoon C.isautonomousenoughtocompletecomplexcommands D.isonlylimitedtodoingroutineworkathome

19.Thesixthparagraphmainlydescribes________. A.howtherobotreactstoaperson’sinstructions B.howtherobotpicksuptherightobject C.thefunctionsofthecomputer D.howtherobotfindsoutwheretogo 20.Theunderlinedword“registers”inthepassagecanbebestreplacedby“________”. A.receivesB.shows C.writesdownD.picksup Ⅲ.阅读表达(建议用时 14′) Someexpressionshavemadeajumpfromsportseventstoeverydaylife.Onesuchexpressionisfallgu y.Afallguyisthepersonwhosomeonedecideswillbetheloserorvictim. Thefirstfallguysweremenwhowrestledformoney.Attheendofthe19thcentury , wrestlingwasaverypopularsportintheUnitedStates.Wrestlingcompetitionswereheldnotonlyinbigcitie sbutalsoatcountryfairsandtravelingshows.Aswrestlinggainedinpopularity , itbecamelesslikeasportbecausethewinnersofthematcheswerearrangedinadvance.Thewrestlersknew —beforethematch—whichoneofthemwouldbethewinner. Thegoalinwrestlingistoholdtheshouldersofyouropponentdownagainstthefloor.Thisiscalledafall .Sometimes , oneofthewrestlerswouldbepaidbeforethematchtotakethefall.Hewouldagree________—thefallguy. Today , afallguyisanyonewhoistrickedintotakingtheblameforthecrimeorwrongdoingofsomeoneelse.Therear efallguysinmanysituations—peoplewhopubliclytaketheblamewhensomethinggoeswrong. Afallguytakestherapforsomethingwrongorillegal.Heacceptsresponsibilityandpunishmentforw hatsomeoneelsedid.He_may_have_something_to_do_with_the_situation , but_is_not_the_person_who_should_be_blamed. Theword“rap”hasmeantblameforseveralhundredyears.Theexpression“to take the rap”wasfirstusedaboutonehundredyearsago.Anothersimilarexpressionis“bum rap”.Apersonreceivesabumrapifheisfoundguiltyofacrimebutisreallyinnocent. 21 . Whatdoestheexpression“a fall guy”refertoaccordingtoParagraph1? (Pleaseanswerwithin15words.) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 22.Whichsentenceinthepassageistheclosestinmeaningtothefollowingone? However , asthesportbecamemorepopular , itbecamelessandlessofasport , asmanyofthematcheswerefixed. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 23.FillintheblankinParagraph3withproperwords.(Pleaseanswerwithin5words.) ________________________________________________________________________ 24.Whatdoesitmeanifsomeonereceivesabumrap? (Pleaseanswerwithin15words.) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 25.TranslatetheunderlinedsentenceinParagraph5intoChinese. ________________________________________________________________________

答案
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.B [not until 位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装语序。] 2.A [此处是不定式表示目的,并非 prefer A to B 这一结构。] 3.B [句意为:因此只有你能说服他放弃……。persuade sb.to do sth.说服某人做某

事。] 4.B [由句意“看着她脸上冷静、坚定的神情……”,可知应选 B 项,determined 坚 定的。] 5.A [句意为:他只想着自己,不关心别人。care about sb.关心某人,符合句意。] 6.B [keep one’s mind on...全神贯注于……,固定搭配;apply one’s mind to,put one’s mind in。] 7.A [give out 用完;use up 也可作“用完”讲,但应用被动形式。] 8.A [由该句的谓语动词使用了现在完成时可知。] 9.D [句意为:Sam 坚持说他没犯法(应用真实语气),坚持他不应受到惩罚(应用虚拟 语气)。故选 D 项。] 10.D [the ABC of...……的基础知识。] 11.C [解答该题的关键是要注意在看医生时,医生对病人的安慰的用法的表达。该对 话是医生与病人之间的会话, 当医生听到病人的病情介绍之后, 在诊断前医生通常会安慰一 下病人,使病人不致于过分紧张。所以用 take it easy“别紧张”等来对病人表示安慰。选择 C。] 12.C [由“at such a speed”意即“at such a speed now”可知,cut 应是现在正在进行的 动作。] 13. D [ever since 自从……以来; even if 即使; soon after 不久之后; in case 以防; 以免。句意为:留一把钥匙给邻居,以免有一天你把自己锁在门外。] 14.B [句意为:——我在那家商店只看到一辆汽车。你要去买它吗?——不,我宁愿 到其他商店买一辆。第一个空用 it,替代刚提到的仅有的那一辆;第二个空用 one,泛指一 辆汽车。] 15.B [考查动词的意思。句意为:——看!他跑得那么快!——很难想像他的腿从前 断过。know 知道;imagine 想像;realize 意识到;find 找到,发现。] 得分策略 得分点2:notuntil结构的掌握及运用 [经典例题] Notuntilhisworkhasbeenfinished________togotobeddeepintothenight. A.hestoppedB.didhestop C.stoppedheD.hedidstop 错因分析 考生易误选 A 项或 C 项,分析题干可知,notuntil 时间状语(从句)位于句首 时,后面的主句应用部分倒装结构,故 B 项为正确答案。 [得分笔记] notuntil 结构用于倒装句型中的主要形式为:Notuntil+表示时间的词或从 句+部分倒装结构。该句式有如下特点:(1)notuntil 部分位于句首;(2)部分倒装结构中无否 定性结构;(3)当 until 后接从句,且 notuntil 部分位于句首时,后面的主句部分倒装,until 从句不倒装(如本题)。 notuntil 结构用于强调句型是高考英语的常考点。它的主要形式有:(1)It+be+notuntil 状 语 + that + 其 它 ; (2)It + be + notuntil 从 句 + that + 其 它 。 如 : Itwasn’tuntilnearlyamonthlaterthatIreceivedthemanager’sreply. 差不多一个月后,我才收到经理的答复。 Itwasn’tuntilwehadstayedtogetherforacoupleofweeksthatIfoundwehadalotincommon. 直到我们在一起待了几个星期之后我才发现我们之间有很多共同之处。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 16. A [推理判断题。 文章介绍的这种机器人能够按照人脑所发出的信息去把需要的东 西捡起来并把它放到需要的位置,因此其突出特点是被人的思维所控制。] 17.C [细节理解题。从文章第三段的介绍可知,这种机器人只能捡起一个物体然后把 它放到一个地点。] 18.A [推理判断题。从文章倒数第二段 Rao 所说的话推断,这种机器人现在还只能 接受一些浅层的指令,因此还处于发展的初级阶段。]

19.B [段落大意题。文章第六段主要介绍的是这种机器人怎样获得信息把物体捡起 来。] 20.B [词义猜测题。根据单词所处的语境判断,此处是指人的大脑“表现”出吃惊。] 得分策略 考生在做英语阅读理解题时往往会犯以下错误: 1.没有认真对照选项和原文,不注意选项中某些细节信息与原文内容的不同。 2.忽视了描述对象的范围限制,以偏概全。 3.过于关注选项本身,忽视了选项与题干以及与原文的联系。 考生在做英语阅读理解试题的过程中,要时常牢记三种错误选项:误,偏,虚。 误:由于选项不是对原文内容的简单重复,而是用其同义句进行表达,因此要仔细对照 选项和原文,看是否有词语错误、概念错误、时态错误等。 偏:这种选项的干扰特点是信息在原文中出现过,但是范畴发生了变化,或者是用文章 中提到的片面内容概括文章主题。 虚: 选项本身没有任何错误, 可是文章中没有涉及, 或者是与题干无关, 所以应该排除。 此类型错误的迷惑性很强。需要注意的是,判断选项的依据是原文,不可主观臆断。 Ⅲ.阅读表达 21.Itreferstothepersonwhosomeonedecideswillbetheloserorvictim. 22 . Aswrestlinggainedinpopularity , itbecamelesslikeasportbecausethewinnersofthematcheswerearrangedinadvance. 23.tobetheloser 24.Itmeansheisfoundguiltyofacrimebutisreallyinnocent. 25.他也许真的与事件有关联,但绝不是那个应该承担责任的人。


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