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完形填空II解题技巧与高频词


湖南高考卷完形填空II
解题技巧与高频词

? Handshaking, though 48 a

导入

冠词

European practice, is often seen in China. the practice started in Europe. It is

词 连词

Nobody knows exactly 49 how/when

said that long ago when people met they showed 50 their unarmed hands to each other as a sign of good will. As time went on, and trade in cities grew rapidly, people in cities began to clap each other’s hands to make a deal 51 or
连词

to reach an agreement. This practice was later changed into

shaking hands among friends on meeting or leaving each other. ? Sometimes the Chinese abroad have a misunderstanding that the Europeans shake hands with 52 whoever they meet. So they reach 53 out their hands
连词 副词

too often to be polite. However, it is rather impolite to give your hands to a
lady when she shows 54 no/little interest in shaking hands with you. We
形容词

Chinese take it for granted that the westerners are open and straightforward.

But in fact, many a woman is rather reserved in manner, 55 which makes
them unwilling to shake hands with a strange man.
关系代词

? Handshaking, though 48 a

European practice, is often the

seen in China. Nobody knows exactly 49 how/when

practice started in Europe. It is said that long ago when people met they showed 50 their unarmed hands to each other as a sign of good will. As time went on, and trade in cities grew rapidly, people in cities began to clap each other’s hands to make a deal 51 or to reach an agreement. This

practice was later changed into shaking hands among friends on meeting or leaving each other.

? Sometimes the Chinese abroad have a misunderstanding that the Europeans shake hands with 52 whoever they meet. So they reach 53 out their hands too often to be polite. However, it is rather impolite to give your hands to a lady when she shows ? 54 no/little interest in shaking hands with you. We Chinese take it for granted that the westerners are open and straightforward. But in fact, many a woman is rather reserved in manner, 55 which makes them unwilling to shake hands with a strange man.

考点分布情况
题号 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 答案 a how/when their or whoever out no/little which 考点
冠词 宾语从句引导词

形容词性的物主代词 并列连词)
宾语从句引导词

副词 形容词
定语从句的代词

题型解读

◆该题型的考查目的——在语境中考查对语法知识的 运用能力以及对语篇的整体把握能力。 ◆侧重于考查英语词汇在篇章中的交际功能,关键词是 “衔接, 连贯”,对考生提出了更高的要求。 ◆文章为约150个词的短文,有8个空格,每空1.5分, 总分12分。 ◆所填单词多为连词、冠词、介词、代词、形容词和副 词等。虚词为主,实词为辅

归纳总结

1
冠 词

2
代 词

5
连 词

常考知识点

3

形容词/ 副词



4

技巧 1

冠词

1) And like all cloned animals, he may have more health problems than _____ animal which was born in the usual way. an 2)They will give me ____ big surprise. a 3) Poor student behavior seems to be _____ increasingly a widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this. 4) But my mood quickly changed when I saw _______first the question. 5) Adults who have ____ sense of humor live longer than those a who don’t find life funny… … 6) It was______ most important tomb that ever been found. the
冠词考点:不定冠词/定冠词的基本用法,抽象名词具体化和固定搭配。

技巧 2

代词

1). Long ago an emperor decided to hold a swimming race among 13 different animals. The order in which they finished their would decide the order of ____ appearance in the Chinese calendar. 2). ___ is amazing that I won the first prize in the competition. It 3)… … get in the habit of remembering people’s names and using _____ often. them 4). I want to find a house with a beautiful garden, but I still haven’t found _____ I like yet. one 5). He who conquers others is strong, but he who conquers ___________ is mighty. himself 代词考点: 人称代词(主/宾),(形容词/ 名词性)物主代词, 反

身代词,替代词, it的用法等。

技巧 3

介词

With 1)_____ a lot of work to do, he left school very early. 2) In fact, choosing eco-fashion can also contribute ___ our to personal health… in 3)This was around the time that I was getting to be larger ____ size than my father… 4) In short, I believe that it is _____ great use to keep a diary in of English. 5) She is rushing to the finish line _______ full speed. at in 6) The accident resulted _____ three deaths. 介词考点:常用介词的基本用法及在语境中的活用;固定搭配。

技巧 4

形容词或副词

1)When we got there, to our disappointment, we found the situation was much ______ than expected. worse 2) In many countries, the birth rate is decreasing so that the families are smaller with ______ children. fewer 3) Of the MP3 we bought, mine is the __________. It only cost cheapest me 100 yuan. 4) Animals and plants are disappearing many times faster ______ they have in the past 65 million years. than 形容词副词考点:形容词作定语和表语;比较级和最高级。 名词 形容词修饰________;________修饰adj./ v.或整个句子; 副词

技巧 5

缺连接词 and, but, or

1) Homesickness occurs in people of all ages, _____ it is likely to but lessen with age.

2) Children are often spoilt, not in terms of love and attention
because working parents do not have the time for this, ____ in but more material ways.

连词考点1:注意并列句及并列成分之间的关系。(顺承and, 转折 but, 选择 or及搭配both… and…; either… or…; not… but…)
3) Then his face grew pale _____ his smile faded. and 4) Gene technology can help people to give birth to more healthy _____ clever children. and 5) Among all the fast growing science and technology, the research of human genes, ____ biological engineering as people call it, is or drawing more and more attention now.

技巧 5

缺连接词

what 1) See ______ your son has done. 2) I’ll never forget the days ______ I lived in the factory with when

the workers, ______ is a great help to my article. which
连词考点2:主从复合句 最常用的引导词有: 连接词及其他各大从句引导词(从属连词) whwhere 3) After the war, a new school building was set up ______ there has once been a theatre. 4) ___ this is included in good education, the children will surely If have a bright future. whatever 5) They are allowed to have __________ they want, regardless of the price.

技巧 5
so 1) I was___upset that I violently ripped (撕破) it from my chest! 2) It was only then ____ he realized his own mistake. that what 3) A nest is to a bird ______ a house to a man . 4) I was on the point of leaving _____ it rained. when As 5) _____ Hemingway puts it, “Life breaks us all, but afterwards, many of us are strongest at the broken places. ” As far as … / As long as As is known to all/ As is (often) the case As everyone can see so … that…. It is/was …… that…. (强调句) … 连词考点3: 牢记特殊句式, 把握语境特征, 利用关键词提示解题。

技巧 5
注意however和but 的区别

however 1) He has a high IQ, __________, he failed in school.

2) Human activity often changes or destroys the habitats that
because /as/since plants and animals need to survive, ________________ human populations are growing so fast. others Some… Not only… but also… 连词考点4:要仔细把握句子逻辑关系,利用暗含信息 ,作出判 Neither …nor… , 断解题;此外还要注意连接词组在语境中的呼应对称特征。 either… or…

3) In some cases, competition for resources among animals led to other extinction and in ________ cases, environmental changes caused extinction.

Summary
解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依 据.每一个要填的空 格里所需的单词或短 语其实都可以在所在 的句子中或者上下文 中找到它的依据 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形 分析句子,确定词性 通读全文,理解大意

总结提升 一.根据句子结构,确定词性 实词 词性
名词 形容词 副词 代词

总结提升

虚词
冠词 介词 连词

___________,主



adv. 宾 art. adj. n./pron. + prep. 宾

art. adj. n./pron. vt. vi.

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

连 词





, _______ 主

谓.





_______ 主 谓, 主

谓. 谓 .

_______ 主

并列句:and, but, or 复合句:定语从句、状语从句、名词性从句(主语从句,宾语从句, 表语从句,同位语从句)

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形
限定词 介 词 比较等级 连 词 定冠词,不定冠词, 物主代词的用法 介词的常用用法及词组搭配 利用暗隐信息确定比较等级 并列句及复合句 注意句子之间逻辑关系

Linking words(连接词)
如果空格前后都是完整句子,则要根据上下文的逻辑关系, 选择适当的副词或连接词(词组)。

表示并列: and, or
表示转折: but, however, yet, while, instead

表示原因: because, for,since,as
表示结果: so, therefore, hence, thus 补充递进: besides,furthermore,moreover 表示让步: although, though, nevertheless

Linking words(连接词)
名词性从句:(主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句)
连词(5个): that, if, whether, as if, as though 连接代词(9个):what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, which, whichever

连接副词(7个):when, where, how, why, whenever, wherever,
however

定语从句:
关系代词:that, which, who, whom , as, whose
关系副词:when, where, why

状语从句:时间,地点,原因,结果,条件,目的, 让步,比较,方式等

回归教材

自主合作探究, 改编完形

Howard Carter is one of the most famous explorers the world has ever known. During his life, he discovered many amazing things. In 1922, Carter’s team came across the tomb of King Tuntankhamun. It was the most important tomb that ever been found. However, not long after the discovery, people in Carter’s team began to fall ill and die. Within seven years, 21 people who had something to do with the opening of the tomb died. Howard Carter, however, lived on until the age of 65. Some people say the deaths were just coincidence. Others believe that they were in connection with a mummy’s curse, as a punishment for those who enter the resting place of the dead. However, still others believe that there is a scientific explanation. Inside the tombs, there are many viruses. When a tomb is opened, fresh air disturbs the viruses. If breathed in, they can result in illness or even death.

回归教材

A possible version

Howard Carter is one of the 48_______famous explorers the most world has ever known. During his life, he discovered many across amazing things. In 1922, Carter’s team came 49______ the tomb of King Tuntankhamun. It was the most important tomb 50_____ that ever been found. However, not long after the discovery, people in Carter’s team began to fall ill and die. Within seven years, 21 people who had something to do 51_______ the opening of the with tomb died. Howard Carter, 52__________, lived on until the age however of 65. Others Some people say the deaths were just coincidence. 53_______ believe that they were in connection with a mummy’s curse, as a punishment for those who enter the resting place of the dead. a However, still others believe that there is 54______ scientific explanation. Inside the tombs, there are many viruses. When a tomb is opened, fresh air disturbs the viruses. If breathed in, they can result in illness 55_____ even death. or

回归教材

A possible version

Howard Carter is 48______ of the most famous explorers the one world has ever known. 49_______ his life, he discovered many During amazing things. In 1922, Carter’s team came across the tomb of King Tuntankhamun. It was the most important tomb that ever However been found. 50__________, not long after the discovery, people in Carter’s team began to fall ill and die. Within seven years, 21 people 51________ had something to do with the opening of the who tomb died. Howard Carter, however, lived on 52_______ the until age of 65. Some people say the deaths were just coincidence. Others believe that they were 53______ connection with a mummy’s in as curse, 54______a punishment for those who enter the resting place of the dead. However, still others believe that there is a scientific explanation. Inside the tombs, there are many viruses. When a tomb is opened, fresh air disturbs the viruses. If 55______breathed in, they can result in illness or even death.

着眼高考 真题再现
[2010· 湖南]
Parents are busy people. If they are working,they are usually not at
home 48. when/after their children return from school. Sometimes it is necessary for a parent to write 49. an afterschool note for their children.

They sometimes put the note on the kitchen table,the refrigerator,
50. or another place where their children are sure to find it. A note is often a 51. better way to “talk” with a child than using

the telephone. For one thing,parents have time to think about
52. what they want to say before they write. 53. For another,the note lists all the information in one place. It is easy to read again and again.

People often forget all the details that 54. they hear in a telephone call.
Finally,cell phones can be turned 55. off or telephone calls not answered. For these reasons,afterschool notes are very popular with

parents.

真题再现
I remember taking 48

[2011· 湖南]

Does going to college really pay off? Certainly !

an English class in college on the short story. Our first assignment was to read 49 two short stories and then discuss
which one was better. After reading both, I wasn’t sure. Over the 50 next several months, my professor taught me 51 why one story was so much better than the other one. 52 One was rich in metaphor and character development, while the other was humorous 53 but too shallow. I couldn’t see this at first. Yet, in a few months, my brain got reeducated and 54

I could see the difference between good and bad

writing and could appreciate literature at a whole new level.
Going to college helps build a strong mind, which leads 55 to greater success in one’s life.

真题再现

[2012· 湖南]

Keeping in touch with our friends is an important part of friendship. This does not mean that 48 we have to write or call our friends every day. It

does mean, however, that we 49 should care enough about our friends to
find out how they are doing from time to time. People have different habits about keeping in touch with others. Some

likes to call their friends, sometimes many times 50 a

day. Others

prefer to e-mail their friends. Still 51 others prefer writing letters so that they can include photos or interesting articles 52 in the envelopes

along with their letters. Some even write postcards while they are on
vacation 53 and send them to friends. Every kind of communication is important. It is 54 not important what

kind of call we make or letters we send. 55 What is important is that
we let others know we care about them.

模拟试题
When you take a walk in any of the cities in the West, you often see a lot of people walking dogs. 1. It is still true that a dog is the 2. most useful and faithful animal in the world, 3. but the reason why people keep a dog has changed. In the old days people used to train dogs to protect themselves against animal attacks. And later they came to realize that a dog was not 4. only useful for protection but willing to obey his master. But now people in the city need not protect themselves against attacks of animals. 5. why do they keep dogs, then? Some people keep dogs to protect themselves from robbery. But the most important reason is a 6. for companionship. A dog is his best friend for 7.______ child when he has no friends to play with. For young couples, a dog is no their child when they have 8.______children. For old couples, a dog is also their child when their real children have grown up.


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