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《创新设计》2016届高考英语大一轮复习习题 专项3 介词和介词短语


专项三

介词和介词短语

Ⅰ.语法填空(根据语境,填入适当的介词) 1 . Do you think we should talk about the things understanding in a simple way? 答案 beyond [句意: 你认为我们应该用简单的方式来讨论孩子们理解不了的 ________ the children's

事情吗?beyond“超出……之外,非……所能及”,符合句意。] 2.(2015· 河南豫西五校质量检测)The boss is away for a meeting, so his secretary will be sent to the airport to meet the guest 答案 on ________ behalf of him. [句意:老板去开会了,因此他的秘书将被派往机场代表他去接那位

客人。on behalf of “代表”。] 3.(2015· 河南高三适应性考试)I feel sure that ________ terms of qualifications,

ability and experience,you are absolutely suited to the position we have in mind. 答案 in [句意:我敢肯定就资历、能力和经验而言,你绝对适合我们心目中

的职位。in terms of “就……而言”,符合句意。] 4.Look at this year's sales figures ________ last year's,they're much better. 答案 against [句意: 看今年与去年的销量对比, 今年要好多了。 此处 against

表示对比,意为“以……为背景”。] 5. He handed in the essay two days later than his classmates, but it was still the time limit set by the teacher. 答案 within [句意:他比他的同学交作文晚了两天,但仍在老师规定的期限 ________

内。within“在……之内”符合题意。] 6.After graduation, Frank often thought of those who had helped him ________ his school life. 答案 through [句意: 毕业后, 弗兰克经常想起那些帮他度过了学校生活的人

们。此处 through 意为“经历,度过”,符合题意。] 7.Parents are advised to take pressure ________ their children and give them some encouragement before an exam.

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答案

off

[句意:建议父母在考试前给孩子们减压,并且给他们一些鼓励。

take...off/out of 意为“把??从??中除去”。] Ⅱ.语法与写作 根据提示翻译下面的句子 1. 结果, 孩子们对父母变得如此依赖以至于他们没有独立的思想和创造性的观点。 (as a consequence) (福建· 书面表达) _______________________________________________________________ 2.相反,志愿者们迫不及待地想体验在那里的生活,因为他们已经厌倦了地球上 的生活。(on the contrary) (广东· 基础写作) _______________________________________________________________ 3.除了这些传统的活动外,我们有更宽范围的选择,例如旅游和走亲访友。 (in addition to) (辽宁· 书面表达) _______________________________________________________________ 4.以我的观点,人们需要学会接受现实并且要继续尝试。(in my opinion) (北京· 开放作文) _______________________________________________________________ 5.总之,能够在短时间内赢得他们的友谊是我一生当中最自豪的事。(in a word) (浙江· 书面表达) _______________________________________________________________ 答案 1.As a consequence,children become so reliant on their parents that they have no independent thoughts or creative ideas. 2.On the contrary,volunteers couldn't wait to experience the life there,for they are tired of the life on the earth. 3.In addition to these traditional activities, we have a wider range of choices such as travelling and visiting our relatives or friends. 4.In my opinion,people need to learn to accept the reality and keep on trying. 5.In a word,being able to win their friendship in a very short time is the thing that I
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am proud of most in my life.

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