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worthy, worth, worthwhile 作表语


worth, worthy, worthwhile 的用法 由一道改错题想到的 He spent a whole day in the countryside,and Li Ming said what he had done was worth. (将 worth 改为 worthwhile)
1. worth 不能单独放在名词前面作定语,当它与 while 构成 w

orthwhile 时则可作前置定语。这时,worthwhile = worthy.例如: ①This is a worthwhile book. (该句可改为:This is a worthy book. = This book is worth leading. = This book is worthy of being read. = This book is worthy to be read. )这本书值得一读。 ②It is worthwhile effort. 这是值得努力做的事。

2. 用作后置定语。worth 放在名词后面作定语时,必须接一个动名词。例如: ①Tianjin is a city worth visiting. 天 津是一个值得参观的城市。 ②This is a question worth discussing. 这是一个值得讨论的问题。 (一)worthy 作表语 1. worthy 与 of 连用时, 构成 be worthy of, of 的后面可以接名词或动名词的被动形式。 例如: ①That is worthy of note. 那件事值得注意。 ②This phenomenon is worthy of being studied. 这种现象值得研究。 2. worthy 可与动词不定式连用, 动词不定式也要用被动式。 但 worthy 后面不可再用介词 of, 须直接接不定式。 例如: ①This problem is worthy to be considered. 这个问题值得考虑。 ②The film is worthy to be seen again. 这 部电影值得再看一遍。

(二)worthy 作定语 1. 作前置定语。 例如: ①This is a worthy English-Chinese dictionary. 这是一本有价值的英汉词典。 ②This is a worthy article. 这是一篇值得一看的文章。 2. 作后置定语时,必须用“worthy of +名词”结构。例如: ①There is nothing worthy of mention. 没有值得一 提的事情。 ②This is behaviour worthy of praise. 这是值得称赞的行为。 一)worthy 作表语 1. worthy 与 of 连用时,构成 be worthy of,of 的后面可以接名词或动名词的被动形式。例如:



That is worthy of note. 那件事值得注意。

②This phenomenon is worthy of being studied. 这种现象值得研究 二)worthy 作定语 1. 作前置定语。例如: ①This is a worthy English-Chinese dictionary. 这是一本有价值的英汉词典。 ②This is a worthy article. 这是一篇值得一看的文章。 2. 作后置定语时,必须用“worthy of +名词”结构。例如: ①There is nothing worthy of mention. 没有值得一提的事情。 ②This is behaviour worthy of praise. 这是值得称赞的行为。 二、从所使用的修饰语来看

worth 习惯上不用 very 修饰 (要表示类似意思可用 well) , 而 worthy 和 worthwhile 则可以用副词 very 修 饰。如:

That is very worthy of our attention. 那件事很值得我们注意。 Nursing is a very worthwhile career. 护理工作是很值得干的职业。 但习惯上不说:The work is very worth doing. (very 应改为 well) 表示比率)值(多少钱), 值得;有…价值;值…钱 The picture is worth at least twenty pounds. 那个地方值得一去。

正:The place is worth a visit. 正:The place is worthy of a visit. 正:The place is worth visiting. 正:It is worth visiting the place. 正:The place is worthy of being visited.正:The place is worthy to be visited. 正:It is worthwhile visiting the place.

正:It is worthwhile to visit the place. worth 不可单独作谓语(It is worth doing sth 除外)worthwhile=worth while 可以单独作表语。如:这个问题值得 考虑 The problem is worth considering. (不用 worthwhile)It is worth considering the problem. (可换用 worthwhile)It is worthwhile to consider the problem(不用 worth)To consider the problem is worth while (不用 worth)Considering the problem is worth while (不用 worth)


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