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选修 7 Unit 4 Ⅰ. 选词填空 privilege, adjust, remote, fortnight, purchase, distribution, anniversary, voluntary, rele
vant, participate 1. I am from a _______ ancient oriental country, and I like the culture here very much. 2. The teaching of higher mathematics should _______ to the new demand and change the traditional teaching method. 3. I see them about once a ________. 4. Many of the graduates decided on jobs straight away, but Cliff decided to spend a year doing ________ work. 5. A supermarket is a big store in which you can ________ all the meat, groceries, vegetables and other items usually used in the kitchen or around the house. 6. My husband gave me a necklace as a(n) ________ gift. 7. This type of university course is no longer _______ to today’s problem. 8. We fight against _______ in order to create a fairer society. 9. She actively ________ in the local politics.
10. Income ________ in Chile is becoming unequal. Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. Mary had to go to a meeting, so she _______________________ at home. （leave） 玛丽得去开会，因此她让孩子们在家里玩。 2. Japan’s arrest of the Chinese captain was illegal,
_________________________ in the waters of Diaoyu Islands belonging to China since ancient times. (operate) 日本逮捕中国船长是不合法的，他的渔船的作业区就在从古代就属于 中国的钓鱼岛水域。 3. Please _____________________________ the children. (distribute) 请把这些图片分给孩子们。 4. This book is very rare, ___________________ in an old bookstore near the Palace Museum. (come) 这本书太罕见了，是我在故宫博物院附近的一家老书店里偶然发现的。 5. I _____________________ since he telephoned last year. (hear) 自从他去年打过电话后，我就一直没收到他的来信。 6. It is very important for astronauts in flight ______________________. (adjust) 对于飞行中的宇航员来说，适应失重状态是非常重要的。 7. With all eyes __________________________, Jack felt so embarrassed that he was at a loss for words. (fix)
所有的眼睛都注视着他，杰克感到局促不安一时说不出话来。 8. ____________________ all kinds of activities is of great importance on campus. (participate) 在学校里参加各种各样的活动非常重要。 9. Welcome to our city! You can see that our city is not ___________________. （used） 欢迎到我们城市来做客，你会看到现在我们的城市已不是它过去的样 子。 10. I’ve heard that our boss is to arrange me for a trade talk with another company, ________________ I can’t go picnicking with you on Sunday. (case)
我听说老板要安排我去和别的公司洽谈业务，在这种情况下，星期天 我就不能陪你去野炊了。 Ⅲ. 完形填空 I can still remember when I met my best friend. She had just moved into the neighborhood and her grandmother brought her down to me. I hid behind my mother and she hid behind her grandmother， to look at each other. Soon we lost the each other. In the 7th grade，I first lost touch with her. She was 4 family 3 1 2
and started playing with
problems and I deserted her to be with the cooler people. None of my new friends liked her as much as I did because they knew she had 5 .
However，every summer we would always sit at each other’s house and watch soap operas，and talk about all the boys we liked. It was last year when I noticed the problem. I guess I was devoted in high school to 7 6
she needed someone there for her.
Anyway，she made a new best friend and so did I. Then I didn’t know why，but she started cutting herself! She then was diagnosed(诊断) with clinical depression. At first，I was very 8 ，but we still stayed in 9 10 . I wanted to be there for her and people thought
her since her new best friend basically she was 11 .
Yesterday she came to me and said，“I never knew what a best friend was until you were the only person that would stop me cutting. I you so much，and you didn’t even know you were We both cried. And I guess a kind of 14 13 me. ” 12
from my life so far is
never to give up on your friends. Even if they aren’ t as cool as others，or people think they are crazy，they need them，you will only be guilty. 1. A. follow 2. A. scared C. worried 3. A. temper C. confidence B. meet C. join B. annoyed D. delighted B. interest D. shyness D. support 15 there. If you desert
4. A. taking up C. going through 5. A. problems C. partners 6. A. much 7. A. admit 8. A. calm C. upset 9. A. place 10. A. confused C. reminded 11. A. crazy stupid 12. A. expect C. appreciate 13. A. urging hurting 14. A. honour lesson 15. A. someone C. anyone Ⅳ. 语法填空 B. favour B. blaming B. stubborn B. touch B. too B. accept
B. getting through D. making up B. shortcomings D. disabilities C. only C. consider B. considerate D. helpful C. control B. bothered D. deserted C. clumsy D. D. mood D. just D. realize
B. influence D. demand C. helping D.
B. something D. everything
Since Thanksgiving Day was coming, the teacher gave her class fun assignment—to draw a picture of something were thankful. Most of the students might consider 2 3
which they (celebrate)
the holiday with turkey and other traditional goodies of the season. But Douglas, a different boy, made 4 (expect) kind of picture. In his 5
paper was just an empty hand. His abstract image captured the
(imagine) of his peers. One child guessed it was the hand of a farmer, because farmers possess (拥有) turkeys. 6 suggested a police
officer, because the police protect people. And so the discussion went—until the teacher almost forgot the young artist himself. When the children had gone on to other assignments, she paused at Douglas’ desk, and asked him 7 hand it was. The little boy looked away and
murmured, “It’s yours, teacher. ” She recalled the times she had taken 8 hand and gone outside. How often had she said, “Let’s do this 9 (thankful). It says
together. ” The story speaks of more than
something about teaching parenting (父母般的关爱) and friendship, and how much it means to Douglas. They might not always say thanks, but they’ll remember the hand Ⅴ. 阅读理解 ［2012 广州模拟］ A different sort of generation gap is developing in the workplace. Someone—specifically the father-daughter team of Larry and Meagan 10 reaches out.
Johnson—has figured out that on some American job sites, five generations are working side by side. In their new book about generations in the workplace, the pair argue that while such an age difference adds a lot of texture and a variety of life experiences, it can also bring tensions and conflicts. The Johnsons are human-resource trainers and public speakers. Dad Larry is a former health-care executive; daughter Meagan is a onetime high-level sales manager. Here are the oldest and youngest of the five generations they identify: They call the oldest group Traditionals, born before 1945. They were heavily influenced by the lessons of the Great Depression and the Second World War. They respect authority, set a high standard of workmanship, and communicate easily and confidently. But they’re also stubbornly independent. They want their opinions heard. At the other extreme are what the Johnsons call Linksters, born after 1995 into today’s more complicated, multi-media world. They live and breathe technology and are often social activists. You won’t find many 15-year olds in the offices of large companies, except as volunteers, of course, but quite old and quite young workers do come together in sales environments like bike shops and ice-cream stores. The Johnsons, Larry and Meagan, represent a generation gap
themselves in their work with jobsite issues. The Johnsons’ point is that as the average lifespan continues to rise and retirement dates get delayed because of the tight economy, people of different generations are working side by side, more often bringing with them very different ideas about company loyalty and work values. The five generations are heavily influenced by quite different events, social trends, and the cultural phenomena of their times. Their experiences shape their behavior and make it difficult, sometimes, for managers to achieve a strong and efficient workplace. Larry and Meagan Johnson discuss all this in greater detail in a new book, “Generations, Inc. :From Boomers to Linksters—Managing the Friction between Generations at Work, ” published by Amacom Press, which is available in all good bookstores from this Friday. 1. The type of generation gap in Paragraph 1 refers to the difference in beliefs _______. A. between managers and workers B. among family members C. among employees D. between older and newer companies 2. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Traditionals? A. They’ve learned much from war and economic disaster. B. They’re difficult to work with as they are stubborn.
C. They respect their boss and hope to be respected. D. They’re independent workers with great confidence. 3. According to the passage, the Linksters are usually _______. A. found working in the offices of large companies B. influenced by media and technology C. enthusiastic multi-media activists D. ice-cream sellers 4. According to the passage, modern workforces are more diverse because _______. A. people want to increase their average lifespan B. many young people are entering the workforce C. employees with different values can benefit their companies D. retirement dates are being delayed for economic reasons 5. What’s the main purpose of the passage? A. To promote a new book by Larry and Meagan Johnson. B. To describe the five different workplace generations. C. To introduce the Johnsons’ research about diverse workforces. D. To identify a major problem in modern workforces. 6. 请用 30 个左右的词概括文章大意
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
Ⅰ.1. remote 5. purchase 9. participated 2. adjust 3. fortnight 4. voluntary 8. privilege
Ⅱ. 1. left her children playing 2. whose fishing boat was operating 3. distribute the pictures among/to 4. which I came across 5. haven’t heard from him 6. to adjust to weightlessness 7. fixed on/upon him 8. Participating in 9. what it used to be 10. in which case Ⅲ. 1.【解析】选 B。考查动词。根据第一句话可知她是刚刚搬来，所 以她的奶奶把她带下来见我。故选 B。 2.【解析】选 A。考查动词。根据常识可知，小孩子初次见面的时候， 往往因为陌生而害怕。故选 A。
3.【解析】选 D。根据文章的前后我们可知，开始的时候觉得陌生，后 来熟悉了，就不害羞了。故选 D。 4.【解析】选 C。考查短语辨析。根据后面朋友都把她看成是有问题的 人， 可知她正经受家庭问题。 从事； 做完， A. B. 通过； 经受； 弥 C. D. 补，组成。 5.【解析】选 A。文章前面有暗示“family problems”可知她属于有问题 的人，故应选 A。 6.【解析】选 B。副词修饰形容词，根据句意，太投入于高中的学习中。 too. . . to. . . 太……以至于不能……。故选 B。 7.【解析】选 D。根据句意“我想我是太投入于高中的学习而没有意识 到她需要一个人来帮助她。”可知选 D。 8.【解析】选 C。朋友生病了，作者肯定是难过和不安，故选 C。 9.【解析】选 B。根据上文内容可知，作者和朋友之间是有联系的。故 选 B。 10.【解析】选 D。根据前面的“I wanted to be there for her. . . ”和后面她 朋友的话“. . . you were the only person that would stop me cutting. ”可知 她的新朋友抛弃了她。故选 D。 11.【解析】选 A。上面提到作者的朋友在自残，故周围的人应该把她 看作是疯子。故选 A。 12.【解析】选 C。因为作者的帮助，她的朋友非常感激。appreciate 感 激。故选 C。 13.【解析】选 C。本句句意为“你甚至不知道你正在帮助我。”故选 C。
14.【解析】选 D。根据句意，我想来自我的经历的这一课会告诉你永 远不要抛弃你的朋友。故选 D。 15.【解析】选 A。考查不定代词。根据句意可知，他们需要有个真心 待他们的人。someone 某个人，由第三段中“she needed someone”也可 得到暗示。故选 A。 Ⅳ. 本文是故事记叙文， 通过 Douglas 绘制特别的感恩节图画作业的故 事，说明了他对老师父母般的关爱的感激。 1.【解析】a 名词短语前缺少冠词，不定冠词 a 表示“一”，a fun
assignment 一份有趣的作业。 2.【解析】for something。 3.【解析】celebrating 这里用主动形式。 4.【解析】unexpected 知要用反义形容词。 5.【解析】imagination 名词短语缺少名词，冠词 the 后要用名词。 名词短语缺少定语，由上文 a different boy 可 考查谓语或非谓语，consider 只能接 doing， 介词+关系代词引导定语从句，they were thankful for
6.【解析】Another 代词指代上下文，由上文 One child 可知，这里是 指代另一个小孩。 7.【解析】whose 前后都是主谓结构要用连词，whose 引导宾语从句， 在从句中作主语的定语。 8.【解析】his 名词短语缺少定语，物主代词 his 指代 the boy’s。
9.【解析】thankfulness 介词词语缺少宾语，thankfulness 是名词形式 作介词宾语。 10.【解析】that/which 前后都是主谓结构要用连词，that/which 引导
定语从句，在从句中作主语。 Ⅴ. 1. 解析】 C。 【 选 细节理解题。 根据文章第一段中的“in the workplace” 及“five generations are working side by side”可知，应选 C 项。 2. 解析】 B。 【 选 细节理解题。 根据文章第五段第二句“They were heavily influenced by the lessons of the Great Depression and the Second World War. ”可知 A 项正确；根据第三句“They respect authority. . . ”可知 C 项 正确；根据“and communicate easily and confidently. But they’re also stubbornly independent. ”可知 D 项正确。B 项文中未提及，故选 B。 3.【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据文章第六段中的“. . . born after 1995 into today’s more complicated, multi-media world. ”可知应选 B 项。 4. 【解析】 D。 选 细节理解题。 根据文章倒数第三段第二句“The Johnsons’ point is that as the average lifespan continues to rise and retirement dates get delayed because of the tight economy, people of different generations are working side by side, more often bringing with them very different ideas about company loyalty and work values. ”可知，D 项正确。 5.【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据文章最后一段可知，写作本文的目 的是推销 Larry 和 Meagan Johnson 的新书。故选 A 项。 6. The passage mainly introduce a new book to us. The book, which is written by Larry and Meagan, describes a different sort of generation gap.
The aim of this passage is to promote the book.