命题学校：深圳中学 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分，共 10 页，满分 120 分，考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用 0.5 毫米黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的校名、姓名、考号、座 位号等相关信息填写在答题卡指定区域内。
2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需改动， 用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案；不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内 的相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔和 涂改液，不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。
阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
（共 15 题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答案 卡上将该项涂黑。 A The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) is one of the world?s largest and finest art museums. Following the suggested route will help you explore the museum. The Temple of Dendur This 2000-year-old building stood near the Nile River, surrounded by a wall that no longer exists. But you can still peek through the gateway. Whose “house” is this? It's not for people. It?s for gods. Can you identify them? They face out. A king faces in, bringing offerings. MetSpeaks Bringing together some of the most respected thinkers on a given subject, MetSpeaks features lectures, discussions, talks, films, and forums in which compelling voices explore timely issues that connect to the Met?s exhibitions and permanent collection. Program times, audiences, and topics vary. Time to Sketch
Settle down for a few minutes, pick something in this gallery, and have fun drawing it. Enjoy the chance to look carefully as you create your own sketch. You'll be surprised at how much more you notice, thanks to exploring art by sketching. MetAccess Make the Met yours! Choose from a variety of services and exciting programs that are tailored to meet the needs of visitors with disabilities. Program times, audiences, and topics vary. Ask for the Access Information brochure and Access Calendar at Information Desks, download the Access Calendar (PDF), or call 212-650-2010 or email email@example.com. Admission Fee includes admission to the Main Building and same-week admission to the Cloisters museum and gardens. Recommended Adults Seniors (65 and older) Students Members (Join Now) Children under 12 (accompanied by an adult) 1. How much is recommended to pay for 3 adult and 2 student visitors? A. 99 B. 111 C. 87 D. 103 Fee $25 $17 $12 Free Free
2. What can you know about the Temple of Dendur? A. A high wall is surrounding the 2000-year-old building now. B. A king faces out, bringing offerings in the temple. C. The building is designed for Emperor to live in. D. The Nile River witnessed the history of the building. 3. Which of the following is TRUE about the Met? A. Issues connected with economic crisis will be discussed in MetSpeaks. B. Visitors can choose something in the gallery and have fun drawing it on the wall. C. Disabled people will find various services and programs offered especially for them. D. You can email firstname.lastname@example.org for more Admission information. B On May 28th, 1998 I was driving my 13-year-old daughter and 14-year-old son to school. Unfortunately my car crashed with a truck. All three of us were critically injured. Stacey?s brain injury was the most severe. Despite all attempts to save her, she died two days later. When I became conscious, I heard my husband talking to the organ donor coordinator （器官捐助协调员） .
We knew that Stacey would want that because that?s the kind of person she was. She always wanted to assist people. She was always smiling and brought so much joy to others. She was friendly and enjoyed writing stories and poetry. It has been a comfort to know that Stacey lives on in the lives of others. I have even met the family of one of Stacey?s kidney recipients (接受人). This little girl was 6 years old at the time of the transplant. She was suffering from Nephrotic Syndrome. I saw pictures showing the effects of the Nephrotic Syndrome and the pictures of her after the transplant. They already showed an amazing difference. We correspond every year through letters, cards and pictures. The girl is doing really well at school and will be graduating from high school next year. I am so grateful that we have this relationship. I also feel relieved that my daughter has made so great a difference to a person?s life. Over the years, I have had some kind of contact with all of the recipients except the heart recipient. I?m very sorry for that. I would love to hear something from the heart recipient?s family. There are so many things that I wonder about her. I wonder if she is anything like Stacey. Does she smile all the time? Does she enjoy writing stories and poetry? I do hope that they can contact us! I feel guilty because I was the one driving in the accident which caused Stacey?s death. I also feel proud that my daughter has helped so many people. 4. When did Stacey die from the traffic accident? A. On May 28th, 1998 C. On May 31st, 1998 5. What does the underlined word “They” refers to? A. The pictures taken after the transplant. B. The people who received the organs of Stacey. C. The people who cared for the girl in the hospital. D. The pictures showing the effects of the Nephrotic Syndrome. 6. What is the writer?s attitude towards her daughter?s organ donation? A. Grateful B. Dissatisfied C. Proud D. Guilty B. On May 29th, 1998 D. On May 30th, 1998
7. What has the writer been looking forward to doing? A. Contacting the kidney recipient?s family. B. Visiting kidney recipient?s family. C. Getting paid from the heart family. D. Seeing the heart recipient. C
When we give our kids holiday gifts, many of us can?t wait to hear their appreciative cries of “thank you!” once the wrapping gets ripped off. But here?s a tip: You?d be wise not to expect much gratitude from them for what they receive. Gratitude can make us happier, healthier, and even fitter. But do the kids show their gratitude for the stuff we buy them? All the research I?ve done has convinced me that it won?t happen. One mom told me that when she asked her 16-year-old son to thank her for buying him a cellphone, he said, “But that?s what moms should do.” From a teenager?s angle, it?s a parent?s responsibility to take care of the family. According to Dunham, Yale?s assistant professor of psychology, “When teenagers code it that way, a gift is no longer something given freely and voluntarily”—it?s just mom and dad living up to their obligation. Parents do have the right to demand good manners and children should thank sincerely whoever gives them something. But kids can?t know how blessed they are unless they have a basis for comparison. And they don?t learn that by a parent complaining that they?re ungrateful. We need to give our children the gift of a wider world view. Show by example that gratitude isn?t about stuff—which ultimately can?t make any of us happy anyway. It?s about realizing how lucky you are and paying your good fortune forward. You can collect all the charitable appeals and sit down together with the kids to go through them. You set the budget for giving and the kids decide how it?s distributed. Once the conversation about gratitude gets started, it?s much easier to continue all year. Also you can set up a family routine at bedtime where kids describe three things that have made them grateful. When kids go off to college, you can text them a picture each week of something that inspires your appreciation. Teaching children to focus on the positive and appreciate the good in their lives is perhaps the greatest gift we can give them. And we can all learn together that the things that really matter aren?t on sale at a department store. 8. How do children respond when receiving gifts from their parents? A. They show no interest in their parents? gifts. B. They can?t wait to open their parents? gifts. C. They show much gratitude to their parents for the gifts. D. They take their parents? gifts for granted. 9. To make children grateful for what they have, parents should _________. A. live up to their obligation C. teach their children by setting an example 10. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?
B. ask their children to have good manners D. complain their children are ungrateful
A. No gifts are greater than teaching children to be positive and grateful. B. Children ought to realize how lucky they are to have considerate parents. C. Children are supposed to decide how to distribute their own money D. It is easy for parents to start the conversation about gratitude. 11. What?s the purpose of the author writing this text? A. To explain the reason why children offer no gratitude to their parents. B. To give advice to parents on how to help children develop gratitude. C. To encourage parents to do things together with their children. D. To remind parents of their responsibility to educate their children. D People with an impulsive personality refer to those who tend to do things without considering the possible dangers or problems first. According to a new study by researchers at the University of Georgia, such people may be more likely to have food addiction. The study found that people exhibiting impulsive behavior weren?t necessarily overweight, but impulsiveness was related to a direct relationship with food, and therefore, less healthy weight. Food addiction has been compared to addictive drug use. Studies have linked the dopamine (多巴胺) release that occurs after tasting delicious food to the dopamine release that happens when people consume other addictive substances. Impulsive behavior involves several personality traits (特点). Two of these traits, known as negative urgency and lack of perseverance, were particularly associated with food addiction and high BMI (身体质量指数) during the study. Negative urgency is characterized by the tendency to behave impulsively when experiencing negative emotions. Some people might drink alcohol or take drugs. For others, it could mean eating to feel better. Lack of perseverance is when a person has a hard time finishing hard or boring tasks. People with a lack of perseverance might have difficulty attempting to change addictive eating behavior, which could also cause obesity. “Impulsiveness might be one reason why some people eat in an addictive way despite motivation to lose weight,” said Dr. Ashley Gearhardt, a clinical psychologist. He was involved in developing the Yale Food Addiction Scale in aid of those people. “We are theorizing that if food addiction is really a thing, then our measure, the Yale Food Addiction Scale, should be related to helping control impulsive action,” said Gearhardt. Clinical psychologist Dr. James MacKillop, whose lab was conducting the study, believes that therapies used to treat addictive drug behavior could help people who suffer from addictive eating habits.
“Most of the programs for weight loss at this point focus on the most obvious things, which are clearly diet and exercise,” MacKillop said. “It seems that managing strong desires to eat would naturally fit in with the skills a person would need to eat healthily.” 12. According to Paragraph 1, the result of food addiction is ________. A. less healthy weight C. negative emotions B. motivation to lose weight D. taking alcohol or drugs
13. How does the author introduce the two personality traits in Paragraph 4? A. By making comparisons and conclusions. C. By presenting questions and answers. B. By explaining causes and effects. D. By giving definitions and examples.
14. What can be inferred about the Yale Food Addiction Scale from the text? A. It has been successfully carried out among overweight people. B. It might help some impulsive people with food addiction to lose weight. C. It will prove whether food addiction is a problem to impulsive people. D. It is theoretically a proper treatment for addictive food and drug behavior. 15. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. Dopamine release caused by food addiction C. Impulsive personality linked to food addition 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 For college students, graduation signals an exciting new beginning. 16 Many students B. Food addiction compared to drug use D. Food addiction contributing to obesity
wonder: What do I do now? What career is best for me? Most expert advice on choosing careers boils down to the following points. Knowing Yourself What are your interests? Abilities? Skills? be useful, but they?re not the last word. Investigating Investigating occupations is much more difficult. For most people, there isn?t just one ?right? job, but several that could be satisfying. 18 Talk to people who have occupations that 17 The results may surprise you! These can
interest you. Find out what they like and dislike about their job.
19 Many people choose their careers because they believe strongly in a particular cause. Some might choose to work in areas like medicine, charity or environmental protection. Some have a
strong interest in history or a love for the arts.
So in cases like these, the field is often
chosen first, rather than the occupation itself. So if you?ve chosen a field, self-assessment will help you find your place in it. Invest some time and effort, and find the right career for you. A. Try a self-assessment quiz. B. Search through books and Web sites. C. Finding your place. D. But it can also bring a lot of uncertainty and confusion. E. Serious research helps narrow the possibilities F. Research your chosen field carefully. What work needs to be done? What training is needed? G. Then they might think about education, museums or art production.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I made a name for myself when I was about 26. It never means anything 21 to me, but of course I can?t say I am free from vanity(虚荣). 22 sale or when I was invited to
When a signing event was organized for my book at its deliver a speech at a meeting, I would be participants. 24 , I have never been controlled by such a(n) 26 25 23
and cheerful, especially if there were lots of
, for I have my own idea of it. To me, 27 me on the
remains popular only for three seconds. This morning somebody 28
way and said, “Ah, that?s Zhu Deyong!” I was glad to be myself, “ 29 , I am famous!” But such enjoyments 30
by a stranger and enjoyed
only three seconds. He passed by 31 of me
and turned to the person walking with him, “What shall we have for lunch?” No any longer. Shall I to 33 32
my life cherishing those three seconds? Is it necessary to make efforts
such three-second enjoyments? No, I don?t want to. 34 and only comes around once, it is of great value to the person himself, but 35 only for three generations:
As life is
of no value to others. For most people, one?s name remains one?s 36
generation, the second (your son may say “Ah, it?s my dad.”) and the third (your 37 , “Ah, it?s my grandpa.”) If a member of the fourth generation is asked 38 39 , “Who is it?” If he is shown a picture of you, he might give it a forget it. It amounts to nothing more than a 40 with an
grandson may still
about you, he might be glance, put it aside and
unknown name. 21. A. impressive 22. A. unique 23. A. happy 24. A. Likewise 25. A. discouragements disappointments 26. A. speech 27. A. saw 28. A. spotted 29. A. Totally 30. A. maintained 31. A. mind 32. A. waste 33. A. reach 34. A. easy 35. A. welcome 36. A. past 37. A. remember 38. A. annoyed 39. A. quickly 40. A. friend B. name B. hit B. recognized B. Above all B. stayed B. idea B. spare B. acquire B. ordinary B. personal B. own B. memorize B. interested B. seldom B. writer C. book C. patted C. noticed C. Finally C. lasted C. thought C. devote C. offer C. tough C. respectable C. future C. remind C. puzzled C. deliberately C. grandpa D. event D. introduced D. liked D. After all D. remained D. memory D. afford D. honor D. short D. known D. new D. believe D. frightened D. otherwise D. stranger B. reasonable B. first B. upset B. Therefore B. embarrassments C. appropriate C. best C. hesitant C. However C. excitements D. important D. final D. nervous D. Meanwhile D.
第二节 （共 10 题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形 式。 There is a wonderful story about Jimmy Durante, one of great singers. 41 （ask） to be a
part of a show for some old World WarⅡsoldiers, he told them he was very busy and he could afford only a few minutes, 42 he would come if they wouldn?t mind his singing one short
song and immediately leaving for his next appointment. Of course, the show?s director agreed 43 (happy). But when Jimmy got on stage, something surprising happened. He went through short song and then stayed. The applause grew louder and louder and he kept Pretty soon, he had been on stage 46 45 44
fifteen, twenty, and then thirty minutes. One of his
(assist) behind the stage stopped him and said, “I thought you had to go after a few
minutes. What happened?” Jimmy answered, “I did have to go, but I can show you the reason why I stayed. You can see for 48 (you) if you look at the front row.” In the front row were two men, both of 49
had lost an arm in the war. One had lost his right arm and the other had lost his left. Together, they were able to clap, and that was exactly what they 50 (do) , loudly and cheerfully.
第三部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（ ? ） ，并在其下面写出改加的词。 删除：把多余的词用（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 第 11 处起）不计分。 I always have a dream to be a fluency speaker. Therefore, I am too shy to say a word in public. What is just beyond my wildest imagination is fortune should bless me with a chance to realize my dream. One day, my English teacher asked me to go to her office and told us that I was given an opportunity to participate in an English speaking competition. Hear this, I could hardly hide my excitement. When making preparation for the competition, I write my speech heart and soul. After I finished the composition, I discussed it with my teacher and got many advice on how to improve it. Under the help of my English teacher, I made a great progress. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华， 你所在的学校将要举办一场春节庆祝活动。 你和你的同学邀请在你校的 美国交换生 Tom 参加。请你写一封信给 Tom，要点如下： 1. 活动内容； 2. 邀请 Tom 一起表演一个中西合璧的节目； 3. 活动时间：2015 年农历 12 月 30 日晚 7：00-10：00 4. 活动地点：学校学术报告厅。
注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已经为你写好。 Dear Tom, You have told me that you are very interested in how we Chinese celebrate our traditional festivals._______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ We are looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely Li Hua
英语参考答案及评分标准 （满分 120 分）
第一部 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 1-5 ADCDA 6-10 CDDCA 11-15 BADBC
第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 16-20 DAECG 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 21-25 DBACC 26-20 BABDC 31-35 CABDD 第二节（ 共 10 小 题 ； 每 小 题 1.5 分 ， 满 分 1 5 分 ） 评分要求： 1. 严格按照标准答案评判。完全正确给分，否则不给分。 2. 拼写错误、名词单复数、大小写、词性错误等，都视为错误。 41. Asked 42. but 43. happily 44. the 46. for 47. assistants 48. yourself 49. whom 36- 40 BACAD
45. staying 50. were doing
第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） I always have a dream to be a fluency speaker. Therefore, I am too shy to say a word in public. fluent However What is just beyond my wildest imagination is ? fortune should bless me with a chance to realize that my dream. One day, my English teacher asked me to go to her office and told us that I was given an me opportunity to participate in an English speaking competition. Hear this, I could hardly hide my Hearing excitement. When making preparation for the competition, I write my speech heart and soul. After I preparations wrote finished the composition, I discussed it with my teacher and got many advice on how to improve it. much Under the help of my English teacher, I made a great progress. With 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） Dear Tom, You have told me that you are very interested in how we Chinese celebrate our traditional
festivals. With the Spring Festival approaching, I would like to invite you to join us in the celebration in our school. A variety of activities will be included at the celebration, such as performances, games and gift-exchanging, which will surely enable you to know better about our culture. To get fully involved, I, together with my classmates, hope that you can put on a performance with us. And I think it will be a good combination of both our culture and yours. By the way, the celebration will take place in the school lecture hall from 7:00p.m. to 10:00p.m. on December 30, 2015, according to the Chinese lunar calendar. We are looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely Li Hua