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高一英语必修一Unit 3重点单词和短语

高一英语必修一 Unit 3 重点单词和短语
2012-11-17 10:17 来源: 高分网

Unit 3 重点单词和短语 1、transport n. 运输;运送 the public transport of the city 城市公共运输系统 the transport of goods by air 空运货物 in the process

of/during transport/transportation 在运输过程中 v.运输;运送 transport… (from…) to… 把…从…运到… transportation n. 运输 a means of transportation 一种运输方式 2、prefer vt. 更喜欢 prefer coffee to tea. 更喜欢咖啡而不是茶 prefer doing to doing 更喜欢干……而不愿干…… prefer to do rather than do 宁愿干……而不愿干…… prefer sb to do sth. 宁愿让某人做某事 prefer that sb (should) do 更宁愿某人干… preference n. (两者之中) 较喜欢的东西;偏好;偏爱 have a preference for… 对……偏爱 have no particular preference 没有特别的偏好 in preference to… 而不是 3、ever since. 从那以后

4、persuade vt. 说服;劝服、 persuade sb. to do sth.=persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做…… persuade sb. not to do=persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人停止做……; 劝阻某人做…… persuade sb. of sth. 或 persuade sb. + that 从句 使某人相信 persuasive adj. 有说服力的 persuasion n. 说服;劝说 5、graduate. v. 毕业 graduate from… 从……毕业 graduate sb. 授予某人学位或毕业文凭 n.毕业生: a high school graduate: 高中毕业生 a science graduate 理学士 graduation n. 毕业 after/before graduation 毕业后/前 6、schedule: n. 时间表;进度表 class schedule: 课程表 ahead of schedule 较预定的时间提前 on schedule 按照预定的时间,按时 behind schedule 迟于预定的时间;拖后 vt. 为……安排时间 schedule the meeting for that night 会议的时间定在那天晚上 be scheduled to do sth. 预定做某事 7、be fond of (doing) sth. be into /crazy about (doing) sth. 喜爱(做)某事;对做某事感兴趣

be interested in (doing) sth. 8、organize. vt 组织;成立;安排;整理 organize a football match 组织一场足球赛 organize your thoughts 整理你的思路 organize sb. to do sth. 组织某人干某事 9、care about 关心;忧虑;惦念 care for 喜欢;照顾 10、determine vt.& vi.确定;决定;使…下定决心 determine sth. 确定某事 determine to do 决定做某事 determine sb. to do sth. 使某人决定做某事 determine on early start=determine to start early 决定早动身 determine +从句 determined adj 已决定了的;坚定的;坚决的 be determined that 从句 be determined to do sth 决定干某事 =make up one’s mind to do a determined look 坚定的表情 a determined man 意志坚定的人 determination 决定;决心 with determination 坚决地 a man of great determination 意志坚定的人 11、go on/ make/ take a journey to sp. 去某地旅行 12、altitude. n. 海拔;高处 at an altitude of =at a height of 在……高度 at 表示“在……处/时;以……”

at a price of 以……的价格 at a speed/ rate of 以……速度 at a length of 在……长度 at a depth/ width of 在……深度,宽度 at a distance of 在……远的距离 at the cost of 以……为代价 13、make up one’s mind 下决心 read one’s mind 看出某人心思 keep one’s mind on 专心于 speak one’s mind 直言不 讳 bear/ keep sth. in mind 记住某事 14、 give in (to sb./ sth.) (向……)屈服;让步;投降 give off 发出(蒸汽、 光、 热等) give out 分发;筋疲力尽 give way to 让位于;妥协 15、pace. n. 一步;速度;步调 at a good pace 相 当快地 keep pace with 跟……齐步前进 16、attitude, n. 态度;看法 take a friendly attitude to/ towards us. 对我们采取友善的态度 hold a positive/ negative attitude 持积极/消极态度 17、as usual: 照常 18、at midnight 在午夜 at noon 在正午 19、flow through sp. 流经某地 20、insist v. 坚决要求; 主张 insist on (sb’s) doing sth. 坚决要求(某人)做 insist on (my) giving up smoking 坚决要求(我)戒烟 insist + 从句 He insisted that he was right. 他坚持认为他是正确的 4 He insisted that he should be set free. 他坚决要求他被释放 21、go/ run like

clockwork 按计划进行;进展顺利 22、weather forecast 天气预报 23、view. n. 视野;视力; 景色;看法;观点 be/ go out of view 从视野消失 come into view 进入视线 admire the view 欣赏景色 in my view = from my point of view 依我看来 take the view that 从句, 持有……观点 V. 考虑;观看 view sb. as sth. 把……看作 24、put up the tents. 搭起帐篷 put up your hands 举手 put up the post 张贴海报 put up ten

people for night 为十人提供食宿过夜 25、give my love/ best wishes to sb. 请代我向…… 问好/候 重点句子 1. Ever since middle school, my sister WangWei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 2. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 3. She insisted that she organize the trip properly. 4. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. 5. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. 6. A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is. 7. I prefer the red dress to the green one because it fits me better. 8. The very first time that Joe saw the film “ET” directed by Steven Spielberg, he made up his mind to become a director too. 9. Giveas much information as you can. 10. To climb the mountain was hard work. 11. At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds . 12. We can hardly wait to see them. 重点单词和短语 1、right/ straight away = at once 立刻;马上 2、burst (burst, burst) vi. 爆裂;爆发 burst into a place=break into a place 突然闯进 burst in 突然插嘴;打断 burst into tears/ laughters/ flames 突然大哭/大笑/起火 burst out crying/ laughing/ singing 突然哭起来/笑 起来/唱起来 n. 一阵 a burst of laughter/ applause 一阵笑声/掌声 a burst of anger 怒火的迸发 3、as if/ though 仿佛;好像 4、at an end 结束;终结 in the end 最后;终于 at the end (of sth.) 在结尾处;在(……)结束的时候 by the end of this month 在本月末 5、ruin n. 废墟;毁灭; 遗迹 be/ lie/ stand in ruins 成为一片废墟 the ruins of Yuanmingyuan 圆明圆遗迹 v. 毁灭;使破产/灭 ruin one’s health 毁坏某人健康 ruin one’s hope 使某人希望破灭 6、destroy (destroyed, destroyed) vt. 破 坏;毁坏;消灭 destroy the building 毁坏建筑 destroy/ ruin one’s hope 使希望破灭 destruction n. 破坏; 毁坏 7、track n. 轨道;足迹;痕迹 keep track of 记录;掌握……的线索 8、shock: n. 休克;打击; 震惊;令人震惊的事 vt & vi (使)震惊;震动 be a great shock 沉重的打击 an electric shock 电击 The bad news left

us speechless from shock 坏消息使我们震惊得说不出话来。 be shocked by/ at 对……感 到震惊 a shocking accident 令人震惊的事故 9、 rescue: n & vt. 援救;营救 rescue sb. from… 从危险中救出 a rescue team 救援队 come/ go to one’s rescue 营救某人 rescuer n. 营救人员 10、trap vt. 使陷 入困境 n. 陷阱;困境 trap sb. in the mud= get/ be trapped in the mud 被困在泥巴里面

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